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Celtis lindheimeri

Celtis lindheimeri Engelm. ex K. Koch

Lindheimer's Hackberry, Lindheimer Hackberry

Ulmaceae (Elm Family)



USDA Native Status: L48 (N)

This species is named after Ferdinand Jacob Lindheimer (1801-1879) who is often called the Father of Texas Botany because of his work as the first permanent-resident plant collector in Texas. Lindheimer immigrated to the United States in 1834, as a political refugee. He spent from 1843-1852 collecting specimens in Texas. He settled in New Braunfels, Texas, in 1844 and was granted land on the banks of the Comal River, where he continued his plant collecting and attempted to establish a botanical garden. He shared his findings with many others who shared his interest in botany, including Ferdinand von Roemer and Adolph Scheele. Lindheimer is credited with the discovery of several hundred plant species. His name is used to designate forty-eight species and subspecies of plants. He is buried in New Braunfels. His house, on Comal Street in New Braunfels, is now a museum.


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Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Leaf Retention: Deciduous
Leaf Arrangement: Alternate
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Leaf Shape: Lanceolate , Obovate
Leaf Margin: Entire , Serrate
Leaf Base: Cordate , Rounded
Leaf Texture: Leathery
Inflorescence: Axillary
Fruit Type: Drupe
Size Notes: Up to about 40 feet tall.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White , Green
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May
Bloom Notes: Inflorescences erect dense clusters, 2-9-flowered, at base of leaves.



Growing Conditions

Water Use: Low , Medium
Light Requirement: Sun
Heat Tolerant: yes

Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)

Band-celled Sister
(Adelpha fessonia)

Larval Host
Learn more at BAMONA


Bibref 1186 - Field Guide to Moths of Eastern North America (2005) Covell, C.V., Jr.
Bibref 298 - Field Guide to Texas Trees (1999) Simpson, B.J.
Bibref 1185 - Field Guide to Western Butterflies (Peterson Field Guides) (1999) Opler, P.A. and A.B. Wright
Bibref 355 - Landscaping with Native Plants of Texas and the Southwest (1991) Miller, G. O.
Bibref 297 - Trees of Central Texas (1984) Vines, Robert A.

Search More Titles in Bibliography

Additional resources

USDA: Find Celtis lindheimeri in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Celtis lindheimeri in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Celtis lindheimeri


Record Modified: 2021-09-06
Research By: TWC Staff

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