Celtis lindheimeri Engelm. ex K. Koch
Lindheimer's Hackberry, Lindheimer Hackberry
Ulmaceae (Elm Family)
USDA Symbol: CELI
This species is named after Ferdinand Jacob Lindheimer (1801-1879) who is often called the Father of Texas Botany because of his work as the first permanent-resident plant collector in Texas. Lindheimer immigrated to the United States in 1834, as a political refugee. He spent from 1843-1852 collecting specimens in Texas. He settled in New Braunfels, Texas, in 1844 and was granted land on the banks of the Comal River, where he continued his plant collecting and attempted to establish a botanical garden. He shared his findings with many others who shared his interest in botany, including Ferdinand von Roemer and Adolph Scheele. Lindheimer is credited with the discovery of several hundred plant species. His name is used to designate forty-eight species and subspecies of plants. He is buried in New Braunfels. His house, on Comal Street in New Braunfels, is now a museum.
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Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Leaf Retention: Deciduous
Leaf Arrangement: Alternate
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Leaf Shape: Lanceolate , Obovate
Leaf Margin: Entire , Serrate
Leaf Base: Cordate , Rounded
Leaf Texture: Leathery
Fruit Type: Drupe
Size Notes: Up to about 40 feet tall.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White , Green
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May
Bloom Notes: Inflorescences erect dense clusters, 2-9-flowered, at base of leaves.
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low , Medium
Light Requirement: Sun
Heat Tolerant: yes
Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)
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BibliographyBibref 1186 - Field Guide to Moths of Eastern North America (2005) Covell, C.V., Jr.
Bibref 298 - Field Guide to Texas Trees (1999) Simpson, B.J.
Bibref 1185 - Field Guide to Western Butterflies (Peterson Field Guides) (1999) Opler, P.A. and A.B. Wright
Bibref 355 - Landscaping with Native Plants of Texas and the Southwest (1991) Miller, G. O.
Bibref 297 - Trees of Central Texas (1984) Vines, Robert A.
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Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Celtis lindheimeri in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Celtis lindheimeri in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Celtis lindheimeri
MetadataRecord Modified: 2021-09-06
Research By: TWC Staff