Contact Us Host an Event Volunteer Join
Share

Plant Database

Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family. If you are not sure what you are looking for, try the Combination Search or our Recommended Species lists.

Enter a Plant Name:
Or choose a plant family:
Calochortus uniflorus (Monterey mariposa lily)
Bransford, W.D. and Dolphia

Calochortus uniflorus

Calochortus uniflorus Hook. & Arn.

Monterey Mariposa Lily, Monterey Mariposa-lily, Meadow Star Tulip

Liliaceae (Lily Family)

Synonym(s):

USDA Symbol: CAUN

USDA Native Status: L48 (N)

A small, dainty plant, the flowering stem barely reaching above the surface of the ground. Leaves are grass-like, and the upright flowers are of a shallow bowl shape. Petals are lilac, often with a purple spot at the base. Seed pods are broad and pendant.

As one of the dwarf Calochortus meadow species, Monterey Mariposa Lily is more amenable to cultivation than other species of the genus. It needs protection from gophers and moles.

 

From the Image Gallery

1 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Fruit:
Size Class: 0-1 ft.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Purple
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun

Distribution

USA: CA , OR
Native Distribution: Coast Ranges from Monterey to Mendacino Cos.; s.w. OR
Native Habitat: Temporarily wet prairie and meadows below 500 ft.

Growing Conditions

Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Description: Temporarily wet, but well-drained, alkaline soils.
Conditions Comments: Needs protection from gophers and moles. As one of the dwarf Calochortus meadow species, meadow star tulip is more amenable to cultivation than other species of the genus.

Benefit

Use Food: Bulb consumed by indigenous peoples.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes

Propagation

Description: Sow fresh seed in fall in a mix of leaf mold, loam and sand. Seed pans should be plunged in the cold frame, covered to keep out excessive moisture, and left to the end of the second year. Young bulbs can then be planted outdoors.
Seed Collection: Not Available
Seed Treatment: Not Available
Commercially Avail: yes

National Wetland Indicator Status

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FACW FACW
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.

Additional resources

USDA: Find Calochortus uniflorus in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Calochortus uniflorus in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Calochortus uniflorus

Metadata

Record Modified: 2008-10-20
Research By: TWC Staff

Go back