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Plant Database

Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family. If you are not sure what you are looking for, try the Combination Search or our Recommended Species lists.

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Carya ovalis

Carya ovalis (Wangenh.) Sarg.

Pignut Hickory, Red Hickory

Juglandaceae (Walnut family)

Synonym(s): Carya glabra var. odorata, Carya ovalis var. mollis, Carya ovalis var. obcordata, Carya ovalis var. obovalis, Carya ovalis var. odorata, Carya ×ovalis var. odorata, Hicoria ovalis

USDA Symbol: CAOV3

USDA Native Status: L48 (N)


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Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Fruit Type: Nut
Size Notes: Up to about 100 feet tall.
Fruit: Tan to reddish brown.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Yellow , Green , Brown
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May


USA: AL , AR , CT , DC , DE , FL , GA , IA , IL , IN , KY , LA , MA , MD , ME , MI , MO , MS , NC , NH , NJ , NY , OH , OK , PA , RI , SC , TN , VA , VT , WI , WV
Native Habitat: Edge of bayous, deep flood plains, well-drained sandy soils, rolling hills and slopes, dry rocky soils, thin soils on edge of granite outcrops.

National Wetland Indicator Status

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.

Web Reference

Webref 3 - Flora of North America (2014) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter

Additional resources

USDA: Find Carya ovalis in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Carya ovalis in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Carya ovalis


Record Modified: 2020-11-02
Research By: CBR

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