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Plant Database

Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family. If you are not sure what you are looking for, try the Combination Search or our Recommended Species lists.

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Castilleja minor

Castilleja minor (A. Gray) A. Gray

Alkali Indian-paintbrush, Lesser Indian Paintbrush, Little Paintbrush, Seep Paintbrush, Thread-torch Paintbrush

Scrophulariaceae (Figwort family)


USDA Symbol: CAMI13

USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)

All species of Castilleja are believed to be hemiparasitic on the roots of grasses and forbes.


From the Image Gallery

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Plant Characteristics

Duration: Annual , Perennial
Habit: Herb
Fruit Type: Capsule
Size Notes: Up to about 5 feet tall.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White , Red , Orange , Yellow , Green
Bloom Time: Jul , Aug , Sep


USA: AZ , CA , CO , ID , MT , NM , NV , OR , UT , WA , WY
Canada: BC
Native Habitat: Seeps, saline shores, wet ground.

National Wetland Indicator Status

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.

Web Reference

Webref 30 - Calflora (2018) Calflora
Webref 38 - Flora of North America - beta site (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter

Additional resources

USDA: Find Castilleja minor in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Castilleja minor in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Castilleja minor


Record Modified: 2020-11-09
Research By: CBR

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