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Canotia holacantha (Crucifixion thorn)
Wasowski, Sally and Andy

Canotia holacantha

Canotia holacantha Torr.

Crucifixion Thorn, Canotia

Celastraceae (Bittersweet Family)


USDA Symbol: CAHO3

USDA Native Status: L48 (N)

A shrub or small tree, up to 10 - 15 feet tall with gray - green, stiff branches that are tipped with sharp thorns; leaves are scale-like. Male and female flowers are on different plants.


From the Image Gallery

20 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub , Tree
Breeding System: Dioecious
Inflorescence: Axillary
Fruit Type: Capsule
Flower: Petals 5
Size Class: 6-12 ft. , 12-36 ft.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Red , Brown
Bloom Time: Jun , Jul
Bloom Notes: Flowers are reddish-brown.


Native Habitat: Dry, rocky desert washes, slopes and plains.


Bibref 995 - Native Landscaping from El Paso to L.A. (2000) Wasowski, S. and A. Wasowski

Search More Titles in Bibliography

Additional resources

USDA: Find Canotia holacantha in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Canotia holacantha in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Canotia holacantha


Record Modified: 2011-07-17
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