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Bouteloua trifida (Red grama)
Strickland, Sam C.

Bouteloua trifida

Bouteloua trifida Thurb.

Red Grama

Poaceae (Grass Family)


USDA Symbol: BOTR2

USDA Native Status: L48 (N)


From the Image Gallery

5 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Root Type: Fibrous
Leaf Arrangement: Alternate
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Leaf Venation: Parallel
Fruit Type: Caryopsis
Size Notes: Up to about 16 inches tall.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Green , Purple , Brown
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct
Bloom Notes: The florets (flowers) of grasses are usually minute and thus inconspicuous. Mature spikelets: reddish purple to brownish.


USA: AZ , CA , NM , NV , TX , UT
Native Habitat: Rocky soil.

Growing Conditions

Light Requirement: Sun


Propagation Material: Seeds
Seed Collection: Collect seed in May, June.

Find Seed or Plants

Order seed of this species from Native American Seed and help support the Wildflower Center.

From the National Organizations Directory

According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:

Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - Austin, TX

Wildflower Center Seed Bank

LBJWC-44 Collected 2006-11-03 in Travis County by Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center

1 collection(s) available in the Wildflower Center Seed Bank

Web Reference

Webref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter

Additional resources

USDA: Find Bouteloua trifida in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Bouteloua trifida in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Bouteloua trifida


Record Modified: 2022-12-16
Research By: NPC

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