Bouvardia ternifolia (Cav.) Schltdl.
Scarlet Bouvardia, Firecracker Bush, Trompetilla, Clavillo
Rubiaceae (Madder Family)
Synonym(s): Bouvardia glaberrima
USDA Symbol: BOTE2
Firecracker-bush or scarlet bouvardia is a 2-4 ft. shrub with shiny, oval, dark-green leaves and bugle-shaped red flowers, 2 in. long, the rim flaring into four segments. The flowers are arranged in clusters at the ends of the numerous erect branches. A shrub with brilliant scarlet, tubular flowers in loose clusters at ends of numerous erect branches.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Leaf Retention: Deciduous
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Size Notes: 2-4'
Flower: Flowers 2 inches long
Size Class: 3-6 ft.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Red
Bloom Time: May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct , Nov
DistributionUSA: AZ , NM , TX
Native Distribution: Throughout Mex. highlands, n. to Trans Pecos & NM
Native Habitat: Among boulders and rimrock of dry mt. sites
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
Cold Tolerant: yes
Soil Description: Igneous, Gravelly, Sandy, Sandy Loam, Medium Loam, Clay Loam, Clay, Dry, rocky soils.
Conditions Comments: Most often used as a flower. Snipping old blooms will keep plant neat and dense.
BenefitUse Ornamental: Blooms ornamental, Border, Perennial garden, Planned landscape
Use Wildlife: Nectar-hummingbirds, Browse
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
PropagationPropagation Material: Seeds
Description: Seed; softwood cuttings
Seed Collection: Not Available
Seed Treatment: Not Available
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Sibley Nature Center - Midland, TX
Texas Parks and Wildlife Department - Austin, TX
NPSOT - Austin Chapter - Austin, TX
BibliographyBibref 355 - Landscaping with Native Plants of Texas and the Southwest (1991) Miller, G. O.
Bibref 318 - Native Texas Plants: Landscaping Region by Region (2002) Wasowski, S. & A. Wasowski
Bibref 281 - Shinners & Mahler's Illustrated Flora of North Central Texas (1999) Diggs, G. M.; B. L. Lipscomb; B. O'Kennon; W. F...
Bibref 248 - Texas Wildflowers: A Field Guide (1984) Loughmiller, C. & L. Loughmiller
Bibref 291 - Texas Wildscapes: Gardening for Wildlife (1999) Damude, N. & K.C. Bender
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Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Bouvardia ternifolia in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Bouvardia ternifolia in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Bouvardia ternifolia
MetadataRecord Modified: 2017-08-31
Research By: TWC Staff