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Plant Database

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Asplenium septentrionale

Asplenium septentrionale (L.) Hoffm.

Forked Spleenwort, Grassfern

Aspleniaceae (Spleenwort Family)



USDA Native Status: L48 (N)


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Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb , Fern
Leaf Complexity: Simple , Pinnate
Leaf Pubescence: Glabrous
Leaf Apex: Acute
Leaf Texture: Leathery
Leaf: Leaves are sometimes simple, but more often divided into two (occasionally four) pinnae near the leaf tip.
Size Class: 0-1 ft.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Not Applicable


USA: AZ , CA , CO , ID , NM , OK , OR , SD , TX , UT , WV , WY
Native Distribution: Most of southwestern US and Baja California and disjunct populations in West Virginia. Also native to Europe and Asia. A diploid subspecies, A. s. var. caucasicum is native to Asia. The North American subspecies, A. s. var. septentrionale is a tetraploid and is circumboreal.
Native Habitat: Cliffs, ledges, rocks and rock crevices on a variety of substrates.

Web Reference

Webref 3 - Flora of North America (2014) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.

Additional resources

USDA: Find Asplenium septentrionale in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Asplenium septentrionale in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Asplenium septentrionale


Record Modified: 2012-09-17
Research By: JAM

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