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Aronia melanocarpa (Black chokeberry)
Makin, Julie

Aronia melanocarpa

Aronia melanocarpa (Michx.) Elliott

Black Chokeberry

Rosaceae (Rose Family)

Synonym(s): Aronia arbutifolia var. nigra, Aronia nigra, Photinia melanocarpa, Pyrus arbutifolia var. nigra, Pyrus melanocarpa, Sorbus melanocarpa

USDA Symbol: ARME6

USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)

A small, mound-shaped shrub with slender, multiple stems and reddish-brown bark. Glossy, dark green foliage turns crimson-red in fall. Flat-topped clusters of white, five-petaled flowers with pink anthers are followed by persisent, blackish-purple berries. 3-6 ft. tall.


From the Image Gallery

15 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Autumn Foliage: yes
Fruit: Black, Purple
Size Class: 6-12 ft.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White
Bloom Time: May


USA: AL , AR , CT , DC , DE , GA , IA , IL , IN , KY , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MO , MS , NC , NH , NJ , NY , OH , PA , RI , SC , TN , VA , VT , WI , WV
Canada: NB , NS , PE , QC
Native Distribution: Nf. to MN, s. to GA mts., TN & AR
Native Habitat: Lowlands; bogs; dunes; bluffs

Growing Conditions

Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
Soil pH: Acidic (pH<6.8)
Soil Description: Moist, acid soils.
Conditions Comments: Very flood tolerant. Suckers profusely. No serious disease or insect problems.


Use Wildlife: Intermediate food source for birds.
Attracts: Birds


Description: Propagate by seed or softwood cuttings. Softwood cuttings root without hormone treatment.
Seed Collection: To avoid loss of fruits to birds, pick the fruits as soon as they ripen. Seeds may be removed immediately and dried or the fruits may be dried with seeds inside.
Seed Treatment: 120 days of cold-moist stratification will break seed dormancy.
Commercially Avail: yes

From the National Organizations Directory

According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:

Natural Biodiversity - Johnstown, PA
Mt. Cuba Center - Hockessin, DE


Bibref 841 - Native Alternatives to Invasive Plants (2006) Burrell, C. C.

Search More Titles in Bibliography

Additional resources

USDA: Find Aronia melanocarpa in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Aronia melanocarpa in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Aronia melanocarpa


Record Modified: 2012-09-24
Research By: TWC Staff

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