Arctostaphylos edmundsii J.T. Howell
Little Sur Manzanita
Ericaceae (Heath Family)
Synonym(s): Arctostaphylos edmundsii var. parvifolia, Arctostaphylos uva-ursi ssp. emundsii, Arctostaphylos uva-ursi var. parvifolia
USDA Symbol: ARED
A subprostrate shrub, 1-2 ft. tall, usually attaining a spread of 6 ft. The small, light-green, leathery, glossy leaves are tinged with red. Compact clusters of pink, urn-shaped flowers give way to red berries.
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Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Leaf Retention: Evergreen
Leaf Arrangement: Alternate
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Leaf Shape: Elliptic , Ovate
Breeding System: Flowers Bisexual
Fruit Type: Berry
Size Notes: Height 1/2 to 2 feet, spread 8 feet or more.
Leaf: Light yellow-green.
Fruit: Reddish-brown 1/4 inch across
Size Class: 1-3 ft.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Pink
Bloom Time: Jan , Feb , Nov , Dec
Native Distribution: Monterey Co., CA
Native Habitat: Chaparral; coastal bluffs & canyons; below 800 ft.
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Dry
Soil Description: Poor, dry, well-drained soil.
Conditions Comments: Overhead watering can encourage fungal diseases, causing branches to die back. Plant roots along the stems. Often used as a ground cover. Fast-growing for a manzanita.
BenefitUse Ornamental: Makes a nice ground cover or border.
Use Food: Manzanita berries were used to make a refreshing, cider-like drink by indigenous peoples.
Interesting Foliage: yes
Nectar Source: yes
Value to Beneficial InsectsSpecial Value to Native Bees
This information was provided by the Pollinator Program at The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation.
PropagationPropagation Material: Seeds , Softwood Cuttings
Description: Propagation by seed is can be difficult.
Seed Collection: The outer fleshy part of the furit may be removed by macering the fruits with water and separating the nutlets by flotation or air-screening.
Seed Treatment: Seeds of most Arctostaphylos species have hard seed coats and dormant embryos. Scarification (several hours in H2SO4) followed by stratification may improve germination.
Commercially Avail: yes
Maintenance: Cut back when young to form shape.
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Santa Barbara Botanic Garden - Santa Barbara, CA
BibliographyBibref 1218 - Tending the Wild: Native American Knowledge and the Management of California's Natural Resources (2006) Anderson, M. Kat
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From the ArchiveWildflower Newsletter 1987 VOL. 4, NO.2 - Wildflowers Provide Activity in Summer, Beautiful Colorado Beckons, What is Rese...
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Arctostaphylos edmundsii in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Arctostaphylos edmundsii in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Arctostaphylos edmundsii
MetadataRecord Modified: 2008-10-20
Research By: TWC Staff