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The Research Literature database was created and funded by the Florida Wildflower Foundation. Use the search features below to find scientific articles on native wildflowers that are commercially available or used in restoration projects.

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Effects of lichens on seedling emergence in a xeric Florida shrubland

Author(s): C. V. Hawkes, E. S. Menges

Year: 2003

Journal: Southeastern Naturalist
Volume: 2
Issue: 2
Pages: 223-234

Article Topic(s): Competition,Disturbance,Water
Research Setting(s): Scrub

Species Referenced: Licania michauxii (Gopher-apple),


Evaluates the effects of lichens on emergence of seedlings in Florida scrub habitat. Lichens dominate the ground cover in scrub that is long-unburned. Results indicate that lichens suppress recruitment but only in years that are favorable for recruitment. Drought seems to have an overriding effect in determining recruitment rates.

Suggested Citation

C. V. Hawkes and E. S. Menges. "Effects of lichens on seedling emergence in a xeric Florida shrubland." Southeastern Naturalist 2.2 (2003): 223-234.

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