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RESEARCH LITERATURE

The Research Literature database was created and funded by the Florida Wildflower Foundation. Use the search features below to find scientific articles on native wildflowers that are commercially available or used in restoration projects.

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Diversity of methylxanthine content in Ilex cassine L. and Ilex vomitoria Ait.: Assessing sources of the north American stimulant cassina

Author(s): A. L. Edwards and B. C. Bennett

Month: Fall
Year: 2005

Publication Type: Article
Journal: Economic Botany
Volume: 59
Issue: 3
Pages: 275-285

Article Topic(s): Chemistry,Ethnobotany
Research Setting(s): Laboratory

Species Referenced: Ilex vomitoria (Yaupon),

Abstract

The source of cassina (or "black drink") a stimulating and emetic drink consumed by indigenous people of southeastern North America has been often cited to be Ilex vomitoria. In this study, the methylxanthine constituents (which includes caffeine) of I. vomitoria and Ilex cassine, another possible source of cassina, were compared. Methylxanthine levels were greater in I. vomitoria supporting this species as the source of cassina.

Suggested Citation

A. L. Edwards and B. C. Bennett. "Diversity of methylxanthine content in Ilex cassine L. and Ilex vomitoria Ait.: Assessing sources of the north American stimulant cassina." Economic Botany 59.3 (2005): 275-285.

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