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Diversity of methylxanthine content in Ilex cassine L. and Ilex vomitoria Ait.: Assessing sources of the north American stimulant cassina
Author(s): A. L. Edwards and B. C. Bennett
Publication Type: Article
Journal: Economic Botany
Article Topic(s): Chemistry,Ethnobotany
Research Setting(s): Laboratory
Species Referenced: Ilex vomitoria (Yaupon),
AbstractThe source of cassina (or "black drink") a stimulating and emetic drink consumed by indigenous people of southeastern North America has been often cited to be Ilex vomitoria. In this study, the methylxanthine constituents (which includes caffeine) of I. vomitoria and Ilex cassine, another possible source of cassina, were compared. Methylxanthine levels were greater in I. vomitoria supporting this species as the source of cassina.
Suggested CitationA. L. Edwards and B. C. Bennett. "Diversity of methylxanthine content in Ilex cassine L. and Ilex vomitoria Ait.: Assessing sources of the north American stimulant cassina." Economic Botany 59.3 (2005): 275-285.