Host an Event Volunteer Join Tickets

Support the plant database you love!



The Research Literature database was created and funded by the Florida Wildflower Foundation. Use the search features below to find scientific articles on native wildflowers that are commercially available or used in restoration projects.

About Research Literature Frequently Asked Questions Related Links

Search research literature:

See a list of all citations

Andromonoecy and Variation in Phenotypic Gender of Passiflora incarnata (Passifloraceae)

Author(s): P. G. May and E. E. Spears

Month: Dec
Year: 1988

Publication Type: Article
Journal: American Journal of Botany
Volume: 75
Issue: 12
Pages: 1830-1841

Article Topic(s): Pollination,Seed increase,Seed collecting
Research Setting(s): Field

Species Referenced: Passiflora incarnata (Maypop),


Studies the effects of seasonal changes on the breeding system and phenotypic gender of Passiflora incarnata in Alachua County, Florida. Passiflora incarnata is an obligate outcrosser pollinated by carpenter bees. Fruit set was not limited by pollinators but fruit wet and number of seeds increased with hand pollination. Although flowers are hermaphroditic, morphological differences cause some flowers to function as males and others as hermaphrodites. The population became increasingly male-biased as the reproductive season progressed.

Suggested Citation

P. G. May and E. E. Spears. "Andromonoecy and Variation in Phenotypic Gender of Passiflora incarnata (Passifloraceae)." American Journal of Botany 75.12 (1988): 1830-1841.

Go back