Millennium Seed Bank Project

List of Texas species that were collected as part of the Millennium Seed Bank Project (MSBP). MSBP is a global conservation program to collect and store the seeds of 10% of the world's drylands flora (24,000 species) by 2010. Click here to learn more about MSBP.


Thumb Species Characteristics

Abronia ameliae
Amelia's Sand-verbena, Heart's Delight

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Abutilon fruticosum
Indian Mallow, Texas Indian Mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Abutilon incanum
Pelotazo, Indian Mallow, Shrubby Indian Mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Acalypha phleoides
Shrubby Copperleaf, Three-seeded Mercury

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Acmella oppositifolia var. repens
Oppositeleaf Spotflower, Opposite-leaf Spotflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Adolphia infesta
Junco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Agalinis edwardsiana
Plateau False Foxglove, Plateau Agalinis, Plateau Gerardia, Plateau False-foxglove

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Agalinis fasciculata
Beach False Foxglove

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Agalinis heterophylla
Prairie Agalinis, Prairie False-foxglove

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Agalinis maritima
Saltmarsh False Foxglove

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Agastache micrantha
White Giant Hyssop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Agave havardiana
Havard's Century Plant, Havard Agave

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Ageratina havanensis
Shrubby Boneset, White Mistflower, White Shrub Mistflower, Havana Snakeroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Aletris aurea
Golden Colicroot, Colicroot, Star Grass, Yellow Colic Root

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Allium canadense var. fraseri
Fraser Meadow Garlic, Fraser Meadow Garlic

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Allium drummondii
Drummond's Onion, Wild Garlic, Drummond Wild Onion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Allowissadula holosericea
Velvet-leaf Mallow, Chisos Mountain False Indianmallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Amaranthus greggii
Gregg's Amaranth

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ambrosia confertiflora
Weakleaf Bur Ragweed, Weak Leaved Burweed, Slimleaf Bursage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ambrosia trifida
Great Ragweed, Giant Ragweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Amorpha fruticosa
Indigo Bush, False Indigo Bush, False Indigo, Desert False Indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Andropogon glomeratus
Bushy Bluestem, Brushy Bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Andropogon ternarius
Splitbeard Bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Anemone berlandieri
Tenpetal Anemone, Tenpetal Thimbleweed, Windflower, Southern Anemone, Granny's Nightcap

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Arabis petiolaris
Brazos Rockcress, Rock-cress, Brazos Rock-cress

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Argemone aenea
Golden Pricklypoppy, Golden Prickly Poppy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Argemone albiflora ssp. texana
Texas Bluestem Pricklypoppy, Bluestem Pricklypoppy, White Pricklypoppy, White Prickly Poppy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Argemone aurantiaca
Texas Pricklypoppy, Texas Prickly Poppy

Duration: Annual, Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Argemone sanguinea
Red Pricklypoppy, Rose Prickly Poppy, Red Prickly Poppy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Aristida lanosa
Woollysheath Threeawn, Woolly Three-awn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Aristida longespica
Slimspike Threeawn, Kearney's Three-awn, Red Three-awn, Slender Three-awn

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Aristida oligantha
Prairie Threeawn, Oldfield (Prairie) 3-awn, Oldfield Threeawn

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Aristida purpurea
Purple Threeawn, Purple 3-awn, Purple Three-awn, Red Threeawn

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Asclepias asperula ssp. capricornu
Antelope-horns, Antelope Horns

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Asclepias brachystephana
Bract Milkweed, Desert-rose Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Asclepias oenotheroides
Zizotes Milkweed, Hierba De Zizotes, Side-cluster Milkweed, Longhorn Milkweed, Primrose Milkweed, Lindheimer's Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Asimina parviflora
Smallflower Pawpaw, Small-flower Pawpaw, Dwarf Pawpaw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Astragalus crassicarpus
Groundplum Milkvetch, Ground Plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Atriplex matamorensis
Matamoros Saltbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Baccharis bigelovii
Bigelow's False Willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Baccharis neglecta
False Willow, Jara Dulce, Poverty Weed, Roosevelt Weed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Bacopa monnieri
Herb-of-grace, Water Hyssop, Coastal Water-hyssop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Bahia pedata
Bluntscale Bahia

Duration: Annual, Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Baptisia nuttalliana
Nuttall's Wild Indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Baptisia sphaerocarpa
Bush Pea, Green Wild Indigo, Yellow Wild Indigo, Yellow Wisteria

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Batis maritima
Turtleweed, Seaside Saltwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Berchemia scandens
Alabama Supple-jack, Alabama Supplejack, Rattan-vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Berlandiera betonicifolia
Texas Greeneyes, Broochflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Berlandiera pumila
Soft Greeneyes

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Bidens bigelovii
Bigelow's Beggarticks

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Bifora americana
Prairie Bishop, Prairie Bishop's Weed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Borrichia frutescens
Bushy Seaside Tansy, Ox-eye Daisy, Sea Daisy, Sea Ox-eye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Bothriochloa alta
Tall Beardgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Bothriochloa laguroides
Silver Bluestem, Silver Beardgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Bothriochloa longipaniculata
Longspike Beardgrass, Longspike Silver Bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Bouchetia erecta
Erect Bouchetia, Painted-tongue, Paintedtongue, Painted Tongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Bouteloua curtipendula
Sideoats Grama, Banderilla, Banderita, Navajita

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Bouteloua hirsuta
Hairy Grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Bouteloua rigidiseta
Texas Grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Bouteloua trifida
Red Grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Brazoria truncata
Rattlesnake Flower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Brickellia cylindracea
Gravel-bar Brickellbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Brickellia dentata
Leafy Brickellbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Bromus lanatipes
Woolly Brome

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Cakile lanceolata
Coastal Searocket

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Callicarpa americana
American Beautyberry , French Mulberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Callirhoe pedata
Palmleaf Poppymallow, Standing Winecup, Finger Poppymallow, Palmleaf Poppy Mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Calylophus berlandieri
Berlandier's Sundrops , Square-bud Primrose, Sundrops

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Calyptocarpus vialis
Horseherb, Straggler Daisy, Hierba Del Caballo, Lawnflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Capsicum annuum var. glabriusculum
Chile Pequin, Chile Tepin, Bird Pepper, Turkey Pepper, Cayenne Pepper

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Carex cherokeensis
Cherokee Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Carex complanata
Hirsute Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex glaucescens
Southern Waxy Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex louisianica
Louisiana Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex oklahomensis
Oklahoma Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex tenax
Wire Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex tetrastachya
Britton's Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex triangularis
Eastern Fox Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Castela erecta ssp. texana
Texan Goatbush, Goat-bush, Allthorn Goatbush, Amargoso

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Castilleja indivisa
Texas Indian Paintbrush, Entireleaf Indian Paintbrush, Texas Paintbrush, Indian Paintbrush, Scarlet Paintbrush

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Castilleja lanata
Sierra Woolly Indian Paintbrush, Woolly Paintbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Castilleja purpurea var. purpurea
Purple Paintbrush, Purple Prairie Painbrush, Prairie Paintbrush, Downy Indian Paintbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Celtis ehrenbergiana
Desert Hackberry, Spiny Hackberry, Shiny Hackberry, Granjeno, Huasteco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Cenchrus spinifex
Grass Bur, Coastal Sandbur, Field Sandspur, Southern Sandbur, Spiny Burrgrass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Centaurea americana
American Basket-flower, American Star-thistle, Basket-flower, Star Thistle, Shaving Brush, Basket Flower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Centaurium beyrichii
Mountain Pink, Meadow Pink, Catchfly, Quinineweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Centaurium texense
Lady Bird's Centaury

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Centrosema virginianum
Spurred Butterfly Pea, Butterfly Pea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Cephalanthus occidentalis
Common Buttonbush, Buttonbush, Button Willow, Honey Bells, Honeybells, Honey Balls, Honeyballs

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Cerastium brachypodum
Short-stalk Chickweed, Shortstalk Chickweed

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cevallia sinuata
Stinging Serpent, Stinging Cevallia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chaerophyllum tainturieri
Hairyfruit Chervil, Southern Chervil

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chaetopappa asteroides
Arkansas Leastdaisy, Least Daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaecrista fasciculata
Partridge Pea, Sleepingplant, Sensitive Plant

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Chasmanthium latifolium
Inland Sea Oats, Indian Wood Oats, Wild Oats, River Oats, Flathead Oats, Upland Oats, Upland Sea Oats

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Chasmanthium laxum
Slender Woodoats, Slender Chasmanthium

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Chionanthus virginicus
White Fringetree, Fringe Tree, Snowflower Tree, Flowering Ash, Old Man's Beard, Grandfather Graybeard, Grancy Graybeard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Chloris cucullata
Hooded Windmill Grass, Hooded Windmillgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Chloris verticillata
Tumble Windmill Grass, Windmillgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Chrysactinia mexicana
Damianita

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Chrysopsis mariana
Maryland Goldenaster, Maryland Golden-aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Cirsium horridulum
Bristle Thistle, Yellow Thistle, Horrid Thistle, Purple Thistle, Spiny Thistle, Bull Thistle

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cirsium texanum
Texas Thistle

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Cissus trifoliata
Cow-itch Vine, Cow Itch Vine, Sorrelvine, Grape Ivy, Possum Grape, Arizona Grape Ivy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Citharexylum berlandieri
Berlandier's Fiddlewood, Berlandier Fiddlewood, Fiddlewood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Cladium mariscus ssp. jamaicense
Jamaica Swamp Sawgrass, Jamaican Saw-grass, Saw-grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Clematis drummondii
Old Man's Beard, Drummond's Clematis, Texas Virgin's Bower, Goat's Beard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Clematis pitcheri
Purple Leatherflower, Purple Clematis, Leatherflower, Bluebill, Bellflower Clematis, Pitcher's Clematis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Clematis texensis
Scarlet Clematis, Scarlet Leatherflower, Texas Clematis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cocculus carolinus
Carolina Snailseed, Carolina Coralbead, Carolina Moonseed, Red Berried Moonseed, Carolina Red Berried Moonseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Coelorachis cylindrica
Cylinder Jointtail Grass, Carolina Joint-tail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Colubrina texensis
Texas Hog Plum, Texas Snakewood, Texas Colubrina, Hog Plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Commelina dianthifolia
Bird-bill Dayflower, Birdbill Dayflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Commelina erecta
Dayflower, Widow's Tears, White-mouth Dayflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Condalia hookeri var. hookeri
Brazilian Bluewood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun
Water:

Conoclinium coelestinum
Blue Mistflower, Wild Ageratum, Blue Boneset

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Convolvulus equitans
Texas Bindweed, Bindweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Conyza canadensis
Horseweed, Canadian Horseweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Cooperia pedunculata
Hill Country Rain Lily, Prairie Lily, Rain Lily, Flor De Mayo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Cordia boissieri
Mexican Olive, Texas Wild Olive, Anacahuita, Anacahuite

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Coreopsis wrightii
Rock Tickseed, Golden-wave

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Corydalis curvisiliqua ssp. curvisiliqua
Curvepod Fumewort

Duration: Annual, Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cosmos parviflorus
Southwestern Cosmos, Southwest Cosmos

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Crataegus spathulata
Littlehip Hawthorn, Pasture Hawthorn, Smallfruit Hawthorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light:
Water:

Crataegus tracyi
Tracy's Hawthorn, Tracy Hawthorn, Mountain Hawthorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Crataegus viridis
Green Hawthorn, Southern Hawthorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Croton alabamensis var. texensis
Texabama Croton, Texas Alabama Croton

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Croton monanthogynus
Prairie Tea, One-seed Croton, Doveweed, Dove Weed, Prairie Goatweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Croton punctatus
Gulf Croton

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Cryptantha oblata
Rough Cryptantha

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Cuscuta indecora
Bigseed Alfalfa Dodder, Largeseed Dodder, Pretty Dodder

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light:
Water:

Cylindropuntia leptocaulis
Tasajillo, Christmas Cactus, Pencil Cactus, Christmas Cholla, Desert Christmas Cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Cyperus articulatus
Jointed Flatsedge, Chintul

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Cyperus elegans
Royal Flatsedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Cyperus pseudovegetus
Marsh Flatsedge, Marsh Flat Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Cyperus reflexus
Bentawn Flatsedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Cyperus retroflexus
Oneflower Flatsedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Dalea emarginata
Wedgeleaf Prairie Clover

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dasylirion texanum
Texas Sotol, Sotol

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Datura quercifolia
Chinese Thorn-apple, Oak-leaf Thorn Apple, Oak Leaved Angel's Trumpet

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Daucosma laciniata
Daucosma, Meadow Parasol

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Daucus pusillus
American Wild Carrot, Rattlesnake-weed, Wild Carrot

Duration: Annual, Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Desmanthus leptolobus
Slenderlobe Bundleflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Desmanthus velutinus
Velvet Bundleflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Dichanthelium oligosanthes var. oligosanthes
Heller's Rosette Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Dicranocarpus parviflorus
Pitchfork

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Digitaria cognata
Carolina Crabgrass, Fall Witchgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Diospyros texana
Texas Persimmon, Mexican Persimmon, Black Persimmon, Chapote, Chapote Prieto

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Draba platycarpa
Broadpod Draba, Broad-pod Draba, Broadpod Whitlowgrass, Broadpod Whitlow-grass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Drosera capillaris
Pink Sundew

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Echeveria strictiflora
Desert Savior

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Echinacea atrorubens
Topeka Purple Coneflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Echinacea sanguinea
Sanguine Purple Coneflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Echinocactus horizonthalonius
Devilshead, Eagle Claws, Turk's Head, Devil's Head

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Echinocactus texensis
Horse Crippler, Horse Crippler Cactus, Devil's Head, Chisos Hedgehog Cactus, Chisos Hedgehog

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Echinocereus dasyacanthus
Texas Rainbow Cactus, Spiny Hedgehog Cactus, Spiny Hedgehog, Golden Rainbow Hedgehog Cactus, Golden Rainbow Hedgehog, Yellow Pitaya

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Echinocereus enneacanthus var. brevispinus
Pitaya

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light:
Water:

Echinocereus pentalophus
Ladyfinger Cactus, Alicoche, Dog Tail, Devil's Fingers

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Echinocereus reichenbachii
Lace Hedgehog Cactus, Lace Cactus, Lace Hedgehog, Purple Candle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Echinocereus stramineus
Strawberry Hedgehog Cactus, Pitaya

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Ehretia anacua
Anacua, Sugarberry Anacua, Anaqua, Anacahuita, Knockaway, Knackaway, Sandpaper Tree, Manzanita, Manzanillo, Tlalahuacate

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Eleocharis equisetoides
Jointed Spikesedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Eleocharis montevidensis
Sand Spikerush, Spike Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Eleocharis quadrangulata
Squarestem Spikerush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Eleocharis tuberculosa
Cone-cup Spikerush, Tubercled Spikerush, Long-tubercled Spikerush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Elionurus barbiculmis
Woolyspike Balsamscale, Woolspike Balsamscale

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Elymus canadensis
Canada Wild Rye, Canadian Wildrye, Prairie Wildrye, Nodding Wildrye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Elymus virginicus
Virginia Wild Rye, Virginia Wildrye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Engelmannia peristenia
Engelmann's Daisy, Engelmann Daisy, Cutleaf Daisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Ephedra trifurca
Ephedra, Mormon Tea, Longleaf Jointfir, Jointfir, Longleaf Teabush, Tea Weed, Canutillo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Eragrostis curtipedicellata
Gummy Lovegrass, Gummy Love Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eragrostis intermedia
Plains Lovegrass, Plains Love Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Eriocaulon decangulare
Ten-angle Pipewort, Pipewort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Eriochloa sericea
Texas Cupgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Erioneuron pilosum
Hairy Woollygrass, Hairy Tridens

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Erodium texanum
Texas Stork's Bill, Stork's Bill, Pine Needle, Fillaree

Duration: Annual, Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Eryngium heterophyllum
Mexican Thistle, Wright's Eryngo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eryngium hookeri
Hooker's Eryngo

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eryngium integrifolium
Blueflower Eryngo, Blue-flower Coyote-thistle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eryngium leavenworthii
Leavenworth's Eryngo, Eryngo, False Purple Thistle

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Eryngium prostratum
Eryngium

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Erythrina herbacea
Coralbean, Cherokee Bean, Red Cardinal

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Escobaria tuberculosa
Whitecolumn Foxtail Cactus, Cob Beehive Cactus, White-column Foxtail Cactus, White Star

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light:
Water:

Eupatorium capillifolium
Dogfennel, Dog Fennel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eupatorium serotinum
Lateflowering Thoroughwort, White Boneset, Late Boneset, Late-flowering Boneset

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Eurybia hemispherica
Southern Prairie Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eustoma exaltatum ssp. russellianum
Texas Bluebells, Texas Bluebell, Bluebell, Showy Prairie Gentian, Prairie Gentian

Duration: Annual, Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Euthamia gymnospermoides
Texas Goldentop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Evax prolifera
Bighead Pygmycudweed, Rabbit Tobacco

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Evax verna var. verna
Spring Pygmycudweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eysenhardtia texana
Texas Kidneywood, Kidneywood, Bee Brush, Vara Dulce, Palo Dulce

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Forestiera pubescens var. pubescens
Stretchberry, Elbowbush, Stretch-berry, Downy Forestiera, Desert Olive, Elbow-bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Frangula caroliniana
Carolina Buckthorn, Carolina False Buckthorn, Yellow Buckthorn, Indian Cherry, Yellowwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Froelichia gracilis
Slender Snakecotton, Snake-cotton

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Fuirena simplex
Western Umbrella-sedge, Umbrellagrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Fuirena squarrosa
Hairy Umbrella Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Funastrum cynanchoides
Fringed Twinevine, Climbing Milkweed Vine, Twine-vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Gaillardia multiceps
Onion Blanketflower, Gyp Indian Blanket

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Gaillardia pulchella
Indian Blanket, Firewheel, Girasol Rojo

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Gaillardia suavis
Pincushion Daisy, Fragrant Gaillardia, Rayless Gaillardia, Perfumeballs

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Galium uniflorum
Oneflower Bedstraw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Galium virgatum
Southwest Bedstraw, Southwestern Bedstraw

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Garrya ovata ssp. lindheimeri
Lindheimer's Silktassel, Lindheimer Silktassel, Lindheimer's Garrya, Lindheimer Garrya, Mexican Silktassel, Mexican Garrya, Eggleaf Silktassel, Eggleaf Garrya

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Geum canadense
White Avens

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Giliastrum incisum
Splitleaf Gilia, Split-leaf Gilia, Cut-leaf Gilia

Duration: Annual, Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Glandularia bipinnatifida
Prairie Verbena, Purple Prairie Verbena, Dakota Vervain, Dakota Mock Vervain, Moradilla, Alfombrilla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Gomphrena nitida
Pearly Globe Amaranth

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Gymnosperma glutinosum
Gumhead, Tatalencho

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Habenaria repens
Waterspider Bog Orchid, Water-spider Orchid

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Habranthus tubispathus
Copper Lily, Rio Grande Copper-lily, Rio Grande Copperlily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Haploesthes greggii var. texana
Texas False Broomweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub, Shrub
Light:
Water:

Hechtia glomerata
Guapilla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Hechtia texensis
Texas False Agave, Guapilla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Hedeoma acinoides
Slender False Pennyroyal, Annual Pennyroyal, Slender Hedeoma

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Hedeoma drummondii
Drummond's False Pennyroyal, Limoncillo, Mock Pennyroyal

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Hedeoma reverchonii var. reverchonii
Reverchon's False Pennyroyal, Rock Hedeoma

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Helenium amarum
Yellow Sneezeweed, Bitterweed, Yellow Bitterweed, Yellowdicks, Slender-leaved Sneezeweed, Fine-leaved Sneezweed, Yellow Dog-fennel

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Helenium drummondii
Fringed Sneezeweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helianthemum georgianum
Georgia Frostweed, Rockrose, Georgia Sunrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helianthus angustifolius
Swamp Sunflower, Narrowleaf Sunflower, Narrow-leaved Sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Helianthus annuus
Common Sunflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Helianthus argophyllus
Silverleaf Sunflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Helianthus ciliaris
Texas Blueweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helianthus debilis
Beach Sunflower, Cucumber-leaf Sunflower, Cucumberleaf Sunflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Helianthus maximiliani
Maximilian Sunflower, Max Sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Helianthus praecox ssp. runyonii
Runyon's Sunflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Heliotropium procumbens
Fourspike Heliotrope

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Heliotropium tenellum
Pasture Heliotrope, White Heliotrope

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Heliotropium torreyi
Slimleaf Heliotrope

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub, Shrub
Light:
Water:

Herbertia lahue
Prairie Nymph, Herbertia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Heterotheca canescens
Gray Golden-aster, Hoary False Goldenaster

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Heterotheca subaxillaris
Camphorweed, Camphor Weed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hexalectris grandiflora
Largeflower Crested Coralroot, Greenman's Hexalectris , Giant Coral-root, Greenman's Cock's-comb, Largeflower Crested Coral Root

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hexalectris nitida
Glass Mountain Crested Coralroot, Glass Mountain Crested Coral Root

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hibiscus lasiocarpos
Woolly Rose-mallow, Woolly Mallow, Rose-mallow, False Cotton

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Hibiscus striatus ssp. lambertianus
Striped Rosemallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Hordeum pusillum
Little Barley

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Hydrolea ovata
Blue Waterleaf, Ovate False Fiddleleaf, Hairy Hydrolea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Hymenopappus scabiosaeus
Carolina Woollywhite, Old Plainsman, Woolly-white

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hypericum hypericoides
St. Andrew's-cross

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Ibervillea lindheimeri
Balsam Gourd, Lindheimer's Globeberry, Globe Berry, Snake-apple, Balsam-apple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Ibervillea tenuisecta
Slimlobe Globeberry, Cutleaf Globe Berry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Ilex coriacea
Baygall Bush, Large Gallberry, Gallberry, Tall Inkberry Holly, Inkberry Holly, Shining Inkberry, Inkberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ilex vomitoria
Yaupon, Yaupon Holly, Cassina

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Indigofera lindheimeriana
Lindheimer's Indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Ipomoea cordatotriloba
Tievine, Purple Bindweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Ipomoea cristulata
Transpecos Morning-glory, Scarlet Creeper

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Ipomoea imperati
Beach Morning-glory, Beach Morning Glory

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Ipomoea pes-caprae
Railroad Vine, Goat-foot Morning Glory, Bayhops, Beach Morning Glory

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Ipomopsis rubra
Standing Cypress, Texas Plume, Red Texas Star, Red Gilia

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Isocoma pluriflora
Jimmyweed, Southern Goldenbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Iva angustifolia
Narrowleaf Marshelder, Narrow-leaf Sumpweed, Narrowleaf Marsh Elder

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Jefea brevifolia
Shortleaf Jefea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub, Shrub
Light:
Water:

Juncus marginatus
Grassleaf Rush, Grass Leaf Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Juncus validus var. validus
Roundhead Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Juniperus ashei
Ashe Juniper, Ashe's Juniper, Mountain Cedar, Rock Cedar, Post Cedar, Texas Cedar, Brake Cedar, Mexican Juniper, Blueberry Juniper, Ozark White Cedar, Sabino, Enebro

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Juniperus pinchotii
Pinchot's Juniper, Pinchot Juniper, Redberry Juniper, Texas Juniper, Christmasberry Juniper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Karwinskia humboldtiana
Coyotillo, Humboldt Coyotillo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Kosteletzkya virginica
Virginia Saltmarsh Mallow, Virginia Fen-rose, Saltmarsh Mallow, Seashore Mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Krameria lanceolata
Trailing Krameria, Ratany, Crameria, Prairie Sandbur, Trailing Ratany

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Kyllinga brevifolia
Shortleaf Spikesedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Kyllinga odorata
Fragrant Spikesedge

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Lechea san-sabeana
San Saba Pinweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lepidium virginicum
Virginia Peppergrass, Virginia Pepperweed, Peppergrass, Poor Man's Pepper

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Leptochloa dubia
Green Sprangletop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Lesquerella grandiflora
Bigflower Bladderpod

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Leucaena retusa
Goldenball Leadtree, Littleleaf Leadtree, Little Leucaena, Lemonball, Wahoo Tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Liatris acidota
Sharp Blazing Star, Sharp Gayfeather, Sharp Liatris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Liatris elegans
Pink-scale Blazing Star, Pink-scale Gayfeather, Pink-scale Liatris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Limnodea arkansana
Ozark Grass, Ozarkgrass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Limonium carolinianum
Carolina Sealavender, Sea Lavender

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Linum alatum
Winged Flax

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Linum hudsonioides
Hudson Flax, Texas Flax, Yellow Flax

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Linum pratense
Meadow Flax

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Linum rigidum var. rigidum
Stiffstem Flax

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Linum rupestre
Rock Flax

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Listera australis
Southern Twayblade

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Lobelia appendiculata var. appendiculata
Pale Lobelia

Duration: Annual, Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lobelia cardinalis
Cardinal Flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Lobelia fenestralis
Fringeleaf Lobelia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lobelia puberula
Downy Lobelia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ludwigia repens
Creeping Primrose-willow, Floating Primrose-willow, Water Primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lupinus havardii
Big Bend Bluebonnet, Big Bend Lupine, Havard Bluebonnet, Chisos Bluebonnet

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lupinus texensis
Texas Bluebonnet, Bluebonnet, Texas Lupine, Buffalo Clover, Wolf Flower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lycium carolinianum var. quadrifidum
Carolina Wolfberry, Creeping Wolfberry, Carolina Desert-thorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Lycurus setosus
Bristly Wolfstail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Lygodesmia texana
Texas Skeleton Plant, Texas Skeleton Weed, Skeleton-plant, Purple Dandelion, Flowering Straw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lyonia mariana
Piedmont Staggerbush, Staggerbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Magnolia virginiana
Sweetbay, Sweetbay Magnolia, Southern Sweetbay, Swampbay, Swamp Magnolia, Sweet Magnolia, Small Magnolia, Laurel Magnolia, White Bay, White Laurel, Swamp Laurel, Beaver Tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Mahonia swaseyi
Texas Barberry, Texas Oregon-grape

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Mahonia trifoliolata
Agarita, Agarito, Algerita, Laredo Mahonia, Laredo Oregon-grape, Trifoliate Barberry, Wild Currant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Malachra capitata
Malva De Caballo

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Malvastrum aurantiacum
Wright's False Mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Malvaviscus arboreus var. drummondii
Turk's Cap, Drummond's Turk's Cap, Drummond Turk's Cap, Wax Mallow, Drummond's Wax Mallow, Drummond Wax Mallow, Red Mallow, Texas Mallow, Mexican Apple, Sleeping Hibiscus, Bleeding Hearts, Manzanita

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Mammillaria heyderi
Little Nipple Cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Manfreda sileri
Siler's Tuberose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Marshallia caespitosa
Barbara's-buttons, Puffballs, White Barbara's-buttons

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Matelea reticulata
Pearl Milkweed Vine, Netted Milkvine, Green Milkweed Vine, Net Vein Milkvine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Maurandella antirrhiniflora
Snapdragon Vine , Roving Sailor, Climbing Snapdragon, Little Snapdragon Vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Mecardonia procumbens
Baby Jump-up

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Melochia pyramidata
Pyramidflower, Broom-wood, Pyramid Flower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mentzelia albescens
Wavyleaf Blazingstar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mentzelia oligosperma
Stick-leaf, Chickenthief

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Merremia dissecta
Alamo Vine, Noyau Vine, Correhuela De Las Doce

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Mikania scandens
Climbing Hempvine, Climbing Hempweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Shade
Water: Wet

Mimosa latidens
Kairn's Sensitive Briar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mimosa strigillosa
Powderpuff, Sunshine Mimosa, Sensitive Plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water: Moist, Dry

Minuartia drummondii
Drummond's Stitchwort, Sandwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mitreola petiolata
Lax Hornpod

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Modiola caroliniana
Carolina Bristlemallow, Carolina Modiola

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Monarda citriodora
Lemon Beebalm, Purple Horsemint, Lemon Mint, Plains Horsemint, Lemon Horsemint, Horsemint, Purple Lemon Mint

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Monarda clinopodioides
Basil Beebalm

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Morella cerifera
Wax Myrtle , Southern Wax Myrtle, Southern Bayberry, Eastern Bayberry, Bayberry, Candleberry, Tallow Shrub

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Muhlenbergia capillaris
Gulf Muhly, Hair-awn Muhly, Hairy-awn Muhly, Hair Grass, Pink Muhly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Muhlenbergia rigida
Purple Muhly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Nama havardii
Havard's Fiddleleaf

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Nama jamaicense
Jamaicanweed, Jamaican Weed, Fiddleleaf Nama

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Nassella leucotricha
Texas Wintergrass, Texas Speargrass, Wintergrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Nekemias arborea
Peppervine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Nelumbo lutea
American Lotus, Yellow Water Lotus, Yellow Lotus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Nemastylis geminiflora
Prairie Celestials, Celestials, Prairie Pleatleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Nemastylis tenuis
Southwestern Pleatleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Nemophila phacelioides
Texas Baby Blue Eyes, Large-flower Baby-blue-eyes, Baby Blue-eyes, Flannel Breeches

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Neptunia pubescens
Tropical Puff

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Nerisyrenia camporum
Bicolor Fanmustard, Mesa Greggia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Nerisyrenia linearifolia
White Sands Fanmustard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Nicotiana repanda
Fiddleleaf Tobacco, Fiddle-leaf Tobacco

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Nolina lindheimeriana
Devil's Shoestring, Devil's-shoestring, Ribbon Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Nothoscordum bivalve
Crow Poison, Crowpoison, False Garlic

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Nuttallanthus texanus
Texas Toadflax, Texas Toad-flax, Toadflax

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Oenothera macrocarpa
Bigfruit Evening-primrose, Missouri Evening-primrose, Fluttermill, Big-fruit Evening-primrose, Missouri Primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Oenothera speciosa
Pink Evening Primrose, Showy Evening Primrose, Mexican Evening Primrose, Showy Primrose, Pink Ladies, Buttercups, Pink Buttercups

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Onosmodium helleri
Heller's Marbleseed, Marble-seed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Opuntia engelmannii
Cactus Apple, Prickly Pear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Opuntia humifusa
Low Prickly Pear, Smooth Prickly Pear, Devil's Tongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Opuntia strigil
Marblefruit Pricklypear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light:
Water:

Orobanche ludoviciana ssp. multiflora
Manyflower Broomrape

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ostrya virginiana
Eastern Hop-hornbeam, American Hop-hornbeam, Woolly Hop-hornbean, Eastern Ironwood, Roughbark Ironwood, Ironwood, Deerwood, Leverwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Oxalis dillenii
Slender Yellow Wood Sorrel, Yellow Wood Sorrel, Yellow Woodsorrel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oxalis drummondii
Drummond's Wood-sorrel, Large-leaf Wood-sorrel, Drummond's Woodsorrel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Packera millelobata
Uinta Ragwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Packera obovata
Golden Groundsel, Roundleaf Groundsel, Roundleaf Ragwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Palafoxia callosa
Small Palafox, Small Palafoxia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Palafoxia hookeriana
Sand Palafox, Showy Palafox, Hooker Palafoxia, Sand Palafoxia, Hooker's Palafoxia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Panicum hallii
Hall's Panicgrass, Hall's Panic Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Panicum obtusum
Vine Mesquite

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Pappophorum vaginatum
Whiplash Pappusgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Parietaria pensylvanica
Pennsylvania Pellitory, Pennsylvania Cucumber Plant

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Parkinsonia aculeata
Retama, Paloverde, Mexican Paloverde, Jerusalem Thorn, Horsebean, Lluvia De Oro

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Parkinsonia texana var. texana
Palo-verde, Texas Palo-verde, Texas Paloverde

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Paspalidium geminatum
Egyptian Panicgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Paspalum langei
Rustyseed Paspalum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Passiflora lutea
Yellow Passionflower, Yellow Passion Vine, Yellow Passion-flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Passiflora tenuiloba
Bird Wing Passionflower, Birdwing Passionflower, Slender-lobe Passionflower, Spread Lobe Passionflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Peganum mexicanum
Garbancillo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Penstemon baccharifolius
Rock Penstemon, Rock Beardtongue, Cut-leaf Penstemon, Cut-leaf Beardtongue, Baccharis-leaf Penstemon, Baccharis-leaf Beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Penstemon fendleri
Fendler's Penstemon, Fendler's Beardtongue, Fendler Penstemon, Fendler Beardtongue, Purple Foxglove

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Penstemon havardii
Havard Penstemon, Havard Beardtongue, Big Bend Penstemon, Big Bend Beardtongue, Havard's Penstemon, Havard's Beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Penstemon laxiflorus
Nodding Penstemon, Nodding Beardtongue, Loose-flowered Penstemon, Loose-flowered Beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Penstemon murrayanus
Scarlet Penstemon, Scarlet Beardtongue, Red Penstemon, Red Beardtongue, Cupleaf Penstemon, Cupleaf Beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Perityle vaseyi
Vasey's Rockdaisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Phacelia congesta
Caterpillars, Blue Curls, Fiddleneck

Duration: Annual, Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Phacelia robusta
Stout Phacelia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phacelia rupestris
Rock Phacelia

Duration: Annual, Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phalaris caroliniana
Carolina Canarygrass, Maygrass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Phaseolus acutifolius
Tepary Bean

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light:
Water:

Phaseolus maculatus
Spotted Bean, Metcalf Bean

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light:
Water:

Phryma leptostachya
American Lopseed, Lopseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Phyla nodiflora
Texas Frogfruit, Turkey Tangle Fogfruit, Frogfruit

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Physalis cinerascens var. cinerascens
Smallflower Groundcherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pinaropappus roseus
White Rocklettuce, White Dandelion, Pink Dandelion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pinus cembroides
Mexican Pinyon, Mexican Pinyon Pine, Pinyon, Nut Pine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Piptochaetium avenaceum
Blackseed Speargrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Plantago aristata
Largebracted Plantain, Buckthorn

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Plantago helleri
Heller's Plantain, Cedar Plantain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Plantago rhodosperma
Redseed Plantain, Red-seeded Plantain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Plantago wrightiana
Wright's Plantain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Platanthera ciliaris
Orange Fringed Orchid, Yellow Fringed Orchid, Orange Plume, Bobwhite's-mocassin, Owl's-head

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Platanus occidentalis
American Sycamore, Eastern Sycamore, American Plane Tree, Plane Tree, Buttonwood, Buttonball Tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Pluchea foetida
Stinking Camphorweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pluchea odorata
Sweetscent, Saltmarsh Fleabane

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Polanisia dodecandra
Redwhisker Clammyweed, Clammyweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polanisia uniglandulosa
Mexican Clammyweed, Clammyweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Poliomintha glabrescens
Leafy Rosemary-mint

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub, Shrub
Light:
Water:

Polypremum procumbens
Juniper Leaf, Rustweed

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polytaenia nuttallii
Nuttall's Prairie Parsley, Prairie Parsley, Wild Dill, Prairie Parsnip

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Polytaenia texana
Texas Prairie Parsley, Texas-parsley

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Porophyllum scoparium
Trans-pecos Poreleaf, Poreleaf, Shrubby Poreleaf, Hierba del Venado, Jarilla, Pomerillo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Portulaca pilosa
Kiss Me Quick, Chisme

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Proboscidea louisianica
Louisiana Devil's-claw, Devil's-claw, Ram's-horn, Unicorn Plant, Proboscis Flower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Prunus mexicana
Mexican Plum, Bigtree Plum, Inch Plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Prunus serotina var. virens
Southwestern Black Cherry, Southwestern Chokecherry, Black Cherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Ptelea trifoliata ssp. trifoliata
Baldwin Hop-tree, Common Hoptree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Ptilimnium nuttallii
Laceflower, Mock Bishop's-weed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pycnanthemum albescens
Whiteleaf Mountain Mint

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Quincula lobata
Purple Groundcherry, Chinese Lantern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ratibida columnifera
Mexican Hat, Red-spike Mexican Hat, Upright Prairie Coneflower, Prairie Coneflower, Long-headed Coneflower, Thimbleflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Rayjacksonia phyllocephala
Camphor Daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rhexia lutea
Yellow Meadow Beauty

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rhexia mariana var. mariana
Maryland Meadow Beauty, Pale Meadow Beauty

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rhododon ciliatus
Texas Sandmint

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rhus aromatica
Fragrant Sumac, Aromatic Sumac, Lemon Sumac, Polecat Bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rhus lanceolata
Prairie Flameleaf Sumac, Flameleaf Sumac, Prairie Sumac, Lance-leaf Sumac, Lance-leaved Sumac, Texas Sumac, Tree Sumac, Limestone Sumac, Prairie Shining Sumac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Rhus virens
Evergreen Sumac, Tobacco Sumac, Lambrisco, Lentrisco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Rhynchospora colorata
Whitetop Sedge, White-topped Sedge, Starrush Whitetop, Star Sedge, Star Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Rhynchospora corniculata
Shortbristle Horned Beaksedge, Horned Beakrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Rhynchospora elliottii
Elliott's Beaksedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Rhynchospora glomerata
Clustered Beaksedge, Cluster Beak-rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Rhynchospora gracilenta
Slender Beaksedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Rhynchospora inexpansa
Nodding Beaksedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Rhynchospora nivea
Showy Whitetop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Rhynchospora recognita
Globe Beaksedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Rivina humilis
Pigeonberry, Rouge Plant, Baby-peppers, Bloodberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Rubus trivialis
Southern Dewberry, Dewberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rudbeckia grandiflora var. alismifolia
Large Coneflower, Rough Coneflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Rudbeckia hirta
Black-eyed Susan, Common Black-eyed Susan, Brown-eyed Susan, Blackeyed Susan

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Rudbeckia maxima
Giant Coneflower, Great Coneflower, Giant Brown-eyed Susan, Cabbage Coneflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Rudbeckia texana
Texas Coneflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Ruellia nudiflora
Violet Ruellia, Common Wild Petunia, Violet Wild Petunia, Wild Petunia, Hierba De La Calentura

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rumex chrysocarpus
Amamastla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rumex hastatulus
Heart-wing Sorrel, Heartwing Sorrel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sabal minor
Dwarf Palmetto, Bush Palmetto, Palmetto

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sabatia gentianoides
Pinewoods Rose Gentian

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Saccharum giganteum
Sugarcane Plumegrass, Giant Plumegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Sacciolepis striata
American Cupscale

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Sagittaria papillosa
Nipplebract Arrowhead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sagittaria platyphylla
Delta Arrowhead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Salicornia bigelovii
Dwarf Saltwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Salvia arizonica
Arizona Sage, Desert Indigo Sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Salvia engelmannii
Engelmann's Sage, Engelmann's Salvia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Salvia farinacea
Mealy Blue Sage, Mealy Sage, Mealycup Sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Salvia whitehousei
Clustered Sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Samolus valerandi ssp. parviflorus
Seaside Brookweed, Water Pimpernel, Thin-leaf Brookweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Sarracenia alata
Yellow Trumpets, Yellow Pitcher Plant, Yellow Trumpet, Flycatcher, Trumpet Pitcher Plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Wet

Saururus cernuus
Lizard's Tail, Lizard Tail, Breastweed, Water Dragon

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Schizachyrium scoparium
Little Bluestem, Popotillo Azul

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Schkuhria pinnata
Pinnate False Threadleaf

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Schoenocaulon texanum
Green Lily, Texas Feathershank, Texas Sabadilla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Schoenocrambe linearifolia
Slimleaf Plainsmustard, Mountain Mustard, Hesper Mustard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Scoparia dulcis
Licorice Weed, Bitterbroom, Riceweed, Sweetbroom, Licoriceweed

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Scutellaria wrightii
Wright's Skullcap, Bushy Skullcap, Shrubby Skullcap

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sedum cockerellii
Cockerell's Stonecrop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sedum nuttallianum
Yellow Stonecrop

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Selenia grandis
Large Selenia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Senecio warnockii
Warnock's Ragwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Senegalia berlandieri
Guajillo, Berlandier Acacia, Berlandier's Acacia, Round-flowered Catclaw, Roundflower Catclaw, Mimosa Catclaw, Thornless Catclaw, Huajilla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Senegalia roemeriana
Roemer Acacia, Roemer's Acacia, Roundflower Catclaw, Round-flowered Catclaw, Catclaw Acacia, Catclaw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Senna lindheimeriana
Lindheimer's Senna, Velvet Leaf Senna, Velvetleaf Senna, Velvet-leaf Wild Sensitive-plant, Puppy-dog Ears

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Senna roemeriana
Twoleaf Senna, Two Leaved Senna

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Sesbania drummondii
Rattlebush, Rattlebox, Poisonbean

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Sesbania herbacea
Coffeeweed, Bigpod Sesbania

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Sesuvium portulacastrum
Shoreline Seapurslane, Sea Purslane, Cenicilla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Setaria scheelei
Southwestern Bristlegrass, Scheele's Bristlegrass, Scheele's Foxtail Grass, Foxtail Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sicyos microphyllus
Small-leaf Bur Cucumber

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light:
Water:

Sida rhombifolia
Cuban Jute

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Sida spinosa
Prickly Fanpetals

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Sideroxylon lanuginosum
Gum Bumelia, Gum Bully, Woollybucket Bumelia, Woolly Bumelia, Gum Woollybucket, Woolly Buckthorn, Chittamwood, Shittamwood, Gum Elastic, Coma, Black Haw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Silene antirrhina
Sleepy Silene, Sleepy Catchfly

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Silphium albiflorum
White Rosinweed, White-flowered Rosinweed, Compass Plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Silphium radula
Roughstem Rosinweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Sisyrinchium biforme
Wiry Blue-eyed Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sisyrinchium chilense
Sword-leaf Blue-eyed Grass, Swordleaf Blue-eyed Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sisyrinchium langloisii
Roadside Blue-eyed Grass, Dotted Blue-eyed Grass, Southern Blue-eyed Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Sisyrinchium rosulatum
Annual Blue-eyed Grass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Smilax bona-nox
Sawbriar, Saw Greenbriar, Catbriar, Bullbriar, Stretchberry Vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Smilax smallii
Lance-leaf Greenbriar, Southern Smilax, Jacksonvine, Jacksonbriar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Solanum dimidiatum
Western Horsenettle, Western Horse-nettle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solanum rostratum
Buffalo Bur, Buffalo Bur Nightshade

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Solanum triquetrum
Texas Nightshade, Hierba Mora

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago nemoralis
Gray Goldenrod, Prairie Goldenrod, Oldfield Goldenrod, Grayleaf Goldenrod, Gray-leaved Goldenrod, Dyersweed Goldenrod, Dwarf Goldenrod, Field Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Sophora secundiflora
Texas Mountain Laurel, Mountain Laurel, Mescal Bean, Mescal Bean Sophora, Frijolillo, Frijolito

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sorghastrum elliottii
Slender Indiangrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Sorghastrum nutans
Indiangrass, Yellow Indiangrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sphaeralcea lindheimeri
Woolly Globemallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Spiranthes vernalis
Spring Ladies'-tresses, Spring Lady's Tresses

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sporobolus compositus
Composite Dropseed, Tall Dropseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Sporobolus silveanus
Silveus' Dropseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Stillingia texana
Texas Queen's Delight, Queen's Delight, Texas Toothleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Styphnolobium affine
Eve's Necklace, Eve's Necklacepod, Texas Sophora, Pink Sophora, Necklace Tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Styrax americanus
American Snowbell, American Snowbells, American Silverbells, Big-leaf Snowbell, Storax

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Styrax platanifolius
Sycamore-leaf Snowbell

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Symphyotrichum drummondii var. texanum
Drummond's Aster, Texas Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Symphyotrichum ericoides
White Heath Aster, Heath Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Symphyotrichum subulatum
Eastern Annual Saltmarsh Aster, Baby's Breath Aster, Annual Aster, Blackland Aster, Hierba Del Marrano

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Tagetes micrantha
Licorice Marigold

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tauschia texana
Texas Umbrellawort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Taxodium distichum
Bald Cypress, Baldcypress, Common Bald Cypress, Southern Bald Cypress, Deciduous Cypress, Southern Cypress, Swamp Cypress, Red Cypress, White Cypress, Yellow Cypress, Gulf Cypress, Tidewater Red Cypress

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Tephrosia lindheimeri
Lindheimer's Hoarypea, Hoary Pea, Lindheimer Tephrosia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Tephrosia onobrychoides
Multibloom Hoarypea, Multibloom Tephrosia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tephrosia vicioides
Red Hoarypea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tetragonotheca ludoviciana
Louisiana Nerveray

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tetragonotheca texana
Squarebud Daisy, Nerve-ray, Square-bud Daisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Tetraneuris linearifolia
Fineleaf Fournerved Daisy, Slender-leaf Hymenoxys, Bitterweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tetraneuris scaposa var. scaposa
Four-nerve Daisy, Hymenoxys, Stemmy Four-nerve Daisy, Bitterweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Teucrium cubense
Coast Germander, Small Coastal Germander

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Thelesperma filifolium
Stiff Greenthread, Greenthread

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Thelesperma simplicifolium
Slender Greenthread, Navajo Tea, Cota

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Thelocactus bicolor
Glory Of Texas

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light:
Water:

Thelocactus setispinus
Miniature Barrel Cactus, Hedgehog Cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Thymophylla tenuiloba
Bristleleaf Pricklyleaf

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tillandsia recurvata
Small Ball Moss, Ball Moss

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tinantia anomala
False Dayflower, Widows Tears

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Tradescantia hirsutiflora
Hairyflower Spiderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Triadenum walteri
Greater Marsh St. Johnswort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Trichloris crinita
Two-flowered Trichloris, False Rhodes Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Tridens albescens
White Tridens, White Top

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Tridens muticus
Slim Tridens

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Tridens strictus
Longspike Tridens

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Triodanis perfoliata
Clasping Venus's Looking-glass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Dry

Trixis inula
Tropical Threefold

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Typha latifolia
Broadleaf Cattail, Common Cattail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Ulmus crassifolia
Cedar Elm, Fall Elm, Basket Elm, Scrub Elm, Lime Elm, Texas Elm, Southern Rock Elm, Olmo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Urochloa fusca
Browntop Signalgrass

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Urochloa texana
Texas Signalgrass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Utricularia cornuta
Horned Bladderwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Wet

Vaccinium arboreum
Farkleberry, Tree Sparkleberry, Sparkleberry, Winter Huckleberry, Huckleberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Vachellia farnesiana
Huisache, Texas Huisache, Sweet Acacia, Perfume Acacia, Mealy Acacia, Mealy Wattle, Cassie

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Vachellia rigidula
Blackbrush Acacia, Blackbrush, Chaparro Prieto, Gavia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Vachellia schaffneri
Schaffner's Wattle, Twisted Acacia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Valerianella amarella
Hairy Cornsalad

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Varilla texana
Texas Varilla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Verbena canescens
Gray Vervain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Verbena runyonii
Rio Grande Vervain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Verbena scabra
Sandpaper Vervain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Verbena xutha
Gulf Vervain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Verbesina lindheimeri
Lindheimer's Crownbeard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Verbesina oreophila
Mountain Crownbeard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Verbesina virginica
Frostweed, White Crownbeard, Iceplant, Iceweed, Virginia Crownbeard, Indian Tobacco, Richweed, Squawweed

Duration: Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Viburnum dentatum
Southern Arrowwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Vicia ludoviciana
Deer Pea Vetch, Louisiana Vetch

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Vigna luteola
Hairypod Cowpea, Yellow Vigna

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Viguiera dentata
Plateau Goldeneye, Sunflower Goldeneye, Toothleaf Goldeneye, Chimalacate

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Viola missouriensis
Missouri Violet

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Viola villosa
Carolina Violet, Southern Wood Violet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Xanthium strumarium var. canadense
Canada Cockleburr

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Xanthocephalum gymnospermoides
Gummy Broomweed, San Pedro Matchweed, Gummy Snakeweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Xyris ambigua
Coastal Plain Yelloweyed Grass, Coastalplain Yelloweyed Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Yucca campestris
Plains Yucca

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Yucca constricta
Buckley Yucca, Buckley's Yucca

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Yucca faxoniana
Faxon Yucca, Carneros Yucca, Eve's Needle, Spanish Bayonet, Spanish Dagger, Giant Dagger, Palm Samandoca, Palm Barreta, Palmilla, Palma

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Yucca flaccida
Weak-leaf Yucca, Beargrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub, Shrub
Light:
Water:

Yucca pallida
Pale-leaf Yucca

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Yucca reverchonii
San Angelo Yucca

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Yucca rupicola
Twistleaf Yucca, Twisted-leaf Yucca, Texas Yucca

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Yucca thompsoniana
Thompson's Yucca, Thompson Yucca, Beaked Yucca, Big Bend Yucca, Soyate, Palmita, Trans-Pecos Yucca

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Yucca treculeana
Spanish Dagger, Spanish Bayonet, Don Quixote's Lance, Palma Pita, Palma De Datil, Palmito

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Zanthoxylum clava-herculis
Hercules Club, Pepperbark, Toothache Tree, Tickle Tongue, Prickly Ash

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Zanthoxylum fagara
Lime Prickly Ash, Colima

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Zanthoxylum hirsutum
Texas Hercules' Club, Texas Prickly Ash, Limetone Prickly Ash, Toothache Tree, Tickle-tongue, Tingle-tongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry