South Central Plains

This EPA Level III ecoregion encompasses all or part of 42 Texas counties. It extends from the Western Gulf Coastal Plain east across much of Louisiana and north into southeastern Oklahoma and southwestern Arkansas. In Texas, it covers approximately the same land area as the Texas Parks & Wildlife Department’s Pineywoods vegetative region. This collection lists only those taxa found in the Texas portion of the South Central Plains ecoregion.


Thumb Species Characteristics

Abronia fragrans
Fragrant Sand-verbena, Snowball Sand Verbena, Sweet Sand-verbena, Prairie Snowball, Sand Verbena, Heart's Delight

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Abutilon fruticosum
Indian Mallow, Texas Indian Mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Abutilon parvulum
Dwarf Indian Mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Abutilon wrightii
Wright's Indian Mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Acaciella angustissima
Prairie Acacia, Fern Acacia, Whiteball Acacia, Prairie Wattle, White-ball Acacia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Acaciella angustissima var. hirta
Prairie Acacia, Texas Prairie Acacia, Texas Fern Acacia, Prairie Wattle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Acalypha gracilens
Slender Threeseed Mercury

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Acalypha monococca
Slender Threeseed Mercury

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Acalypha monostachya
Round Copperleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Acalypha ostryifolia
Pineland Threeseed Mercury, Hop-hornbeam Copperleaf

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Acalypha phleoides
Shrubby Copperleaf, Three-seeded Mercury

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Acalypha rhomboidea
Common Threeseed Mercury, Virginia Threeseed Mercury

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Acalypha virginica
Virginia Threeseed Mercury

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Acer negundo
Box Elder, Box Elder Maple, Ash-leaved Maple, Ashleaf Maple, Red River Maple, Fresno De Guajuco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Acer rubrum
Red Maple, Scarlet Maple, Soft Maple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Acer rubrum var. drummondii
Drummond's Maple, Drummond Red Maple, Swamp Maple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Acer saccharinum
Silver Maple, Soft Maple, White Maple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Achillea millefolium
Common Yarrow, Western Yarrow, Yarrow, Milfoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Acleisanthes longiflora
Angel Trumpets, Angel's Trumpets

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Acleisanthes wrightii
Wright's Trumpets

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Acmella oppositifolia
Oppositeleaf Spotflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Acmella oppositifolia var. repens
Oppositeleaf Spotflower, Opposite-leaf Spotflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Acourtia runcinata
Featherleaf Desertpeony, Peonia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Acourtia wrightii
Brownfoot, Pink Perezia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Adiantum capillus-veneris
Southern Maidenhair Fern, Common Maidenhair Fern, Maidenhair Fern, Venus Hair Fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Aesculus glabra
Ohio Buckeye, Texas Buckeye, Fetid Buckeye, Horse Chestnut

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Aesculus glabra var. arguta
Ohio Buckeye, White Buckeye, Texas Buckeye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Aesculus pavia
Scarlet Buckeye , Red Buckeye, Firecracker Plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Aesculus pavia var. pavia
Scarlet Buckeye, Red Buckeye, Southern Buckeye, Firecracker Plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Agalinis fasciculata
Beach False Foxglove

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Agalinis gattingeri
Roundstem False Foxglove

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Agalinis heterophylla
Prairie Agalinis, Prairie False-foxglove

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Agalinis homalantha
San Antonio False Foxglove

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Agalinis oligophylla
Ridgestem False Foxglove

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Agalinis purpurea
Purple False Foxglove, Purple Gerardia, Gerardia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Agalinis tenuifolia
Slenderleaf False Foxglove

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Agave lechuguilla
Lechuguilla, Tula Ixtle, Maguey Lechuguilla, Shindagger

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Ageratina altissima
White Snakeroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Ageratina havanensis
Shrubby Boneset, White Mistflower, White Shrub Mistflower, Havana Snakeroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Agrimonia parviflora
Harvest Lice, Small-flowered Agrimony, Southern Agrimony, Swamp Agrimony

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Agrostis hyemalis
Winter Bentgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Agrostis perennans
Upland Bentgrass, Autumn Bentgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Aletris aurea
Golden Colicroot, Colicroot, Star Grass, Yellow Colic Root

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Alisma subcordatum
American Water Plantain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Allionia incarnata
Trailing Windmills, Trailing Four O'Clock, Pink Windmills, Trailing Allionia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Allium canadense
Meadow Garlic, Wild Garlic, Wild Onion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Allium canadense var. canadense
Canada Onion, Meadow Garlic, Wild Onion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Allium canadense var. fraseri
Fraser Meadow Garlic, Fraser Meadow Garlic

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Allium canadense var. hyacinthoides
Hyacinth Meadow Garlic

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Allium canadense var. mobilense
Meadow Garlic, Wild Onion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Allium drummondii
Drummond's Onion, Wild Garlic, Drummond Wild Onion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Allium kunthii
Kunth's Onion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Allium stellatum
Autumn Onion, Prairie Onion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Allowissadula holosericea
Velvet-leaf Mallow, Chisos Mountain False Indianmallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Alnus serrulata
Smooth Alder, Hazel Alder, Brookside Alder, Tag Alder, Common Alder, Black Alder

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Alopecurus carolinianus
Carolina Foxtail

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Alophia drummondii
Propeller Flower, Purple Pleat-leaf, Pinewoods Lily, Prairie Iris, Pleatleaf Iris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Aloysia gratissima
Whitebrush, Bee-brush, White-brush, Common Bee-brush, Beebrush, Privet Lippia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Amaranthus greggii
Gregg's Amaranth

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Amaranthus hybridus
Slim Amaranth

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Amaranthus palmeri
Carelessweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Amaranthus powellii
Powell's Amaranth, Green Amaranth, Powell's Smooth Amaranth

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Amaranthus retroflexus
Redroot Amaranth

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Amaranthus scleropoides
Bonebract Amaranth

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Amaranthus spinosus
Spiny Amaranth, Thorny Pigweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Amaranthus tuberculatus
Roughfruit Amaranth, Water Hemp

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Moist

Amblyolepis setigera
Huisache Daisy, Butterfly Daisy, Honey Daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ambrosia artemisiifolia
Annual Ragweed, Short Ragweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ambrosia confertiflora
Weakleaf Bur Ragweed, Weak Leaved Burweed, Slimleaf Bursage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ambrosia psilostachya
Cuman Ragweed, Western Ragweed, Perennial Ragweed, Common Ragweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ambrosia trifida
Great Ragweed, Giant Ragweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ammannia auriculata
Eared Redstem

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ammannia coccinea
Valley Redstem, Scarlet Tooth-cup

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Ammoselinum popei
Plains Sandparsley

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Amoreuxia wrightii
Wright's Yellowshow, Yellow-show

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Amorpha canescens
Leadplant, Leadplant Amorpha, Prairie Shoestring

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Amorpha fruticosa
Indigo Bush, False Indigo Bush, False Indigo, Desert False Indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Amorpha paniculata
Panicled False Indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Ampelopsis cordata
Heartleaf Peppervine, Heart-leaf Ampelopsis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Amphiachyris dracunculoides
Prairie Broomweed, Broomweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Amphicarpaea bracteata
American Hogpeanut

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Amsonia illustris
Ozark Bluestar, Showy Blue-star, Missouri Blue Star, Swamp Bluestar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Amsonia longiflora
Tubular Bluestar, Trumpet Slimpod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Amsonia longiflora var. salpignantha
Tubular Bluestar, Trumpet Slimpod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Amsonia repens
Creeping Bluestar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Amsonia tabernaemontana
Eastern Bluestar, Blue Dogbane, Willow Amsonia, Woodland Bluestar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Anagallis minima
Chaffweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ancistrocactus scheeri
Scheer's Fishhook Cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ancistrocactus tobuschii
Tobusch Fishhook Cactus, Shorthook Fishhook Cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light:
Water:

Andropogon gerardii
Big Bluestem, Tall Bluestem, Turkeyfoot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Andropogon glaucopsis
Purple Bluestem, Chalky Bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Andropogon glomeratus
Bushy Bluestem, Brushy Bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Andropogon gyrans
Elliott's Bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Andropogon ternarius
Splitbeard Bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Andropogon virginicus
Broomsedge, Broomsedge Bluestem, Yellowsedge Bluestem, Whiskey Grass, Popotillo Pajon

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Anemia mexicana
Mexican Fern, Mexican Flowering Fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light:
Water:

Anemone berlandieri
Tenpetal Anemone, Tenpetal Thimbleweed, Windflower, Southern Anemone, Granny's Nightcap

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Anemone caroliniana
Carolina Anemone, Carolina Thimbleweed, Southern Thimbleweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Anemone edwardsiana
Edwards Plateau Thimbleweed, Two-flowered Anemone

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water:

Anemone tuberosa
Tuber Anemone, Desert Anemone

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Antennaria parlinii
Parlin's Pussytoes, Ladies' Tobacco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Antennaria parlinii ssp. fallax
Parlin's Pussytoes

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Antennaria plantaginifolia
Woman's Tobacco, Ladies' Tobacco, Everlasting, Mouse Ear, Plantain-leaf Pussytoes

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Anthaenantia rufa
Purple Silkyscale

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Aphanostephus ramosissimus
Plains Dozedaisy, Lazy Daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Aphanostephus ramosissimus var. ramosissimus
Plains Dozedaisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Aphanostephus riddellii
Lazy Daisy, Riddell's Dozedaisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Aphanostephus skirrhobasis
Lazy Daisy, Arkansas Lazy Daisy, Arkansas Doze-daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Apios americana
Groundnut, Wild Potato, Indian Potato

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Apocynum cannabinum
Indian Hemp, Prairie Dogbane, Hemp Dogbane, Dogbane

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Arabis canadensis
Sicklepod

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Aralia spinosa
Devil's Walking Stick, Hercules Club, Angelica Tree, Pigeon Tree, Shotbush, Prickly Elder, Prickly Ash

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Arenaria benthamii
Hilly Sandwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Argemone aenea
Golden Pricklypoppy, Golden Prickly Poppy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Argemone albiflora
Bluestem Pricklypoppy, White Pricklypoppy, White Prickly Poppy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Argemone albiflora ssp. texana
Texas Bluestem Pricklypoppy, Bluestem Pricklypoppy, White Pricklypoppy, White Prickly Poppy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Argemone aurantiaca
Texas Pricklypoppy, Texas Prickly Poppy

Duration: Annual, Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Argemone polyanthemos
Annual Pricklepoppy, Bluestem Pricklepoppy, Bluestem Prickly Poppy, Crested Pricklypoppy, Pricklypoppy, Thistle Poppy, White Prickly Poppy, White Pricklypoppy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Argemone sanguinea
Red Pricklypoppy, Rose Prickly Poppy, Red Prickly Poppy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Argythamnia humilis
Low Silverbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Argythamnia mercurialina
Tall Silverbush, Tall Wildmercury

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Argythamnia mercurialina var. mercurialina
Tall Silverbush, Tall Wild Mercury, Tall Ditaxis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Argythamnia neomexicana
New Mexico Silverbush

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ariocarpus fissuratus
Chautle Livingrock, Living Rock Cactus, Texas Living Rock

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Arisaema dracontium
Green Dragon, Dragonroot, Greendragon

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade
Water: Moist

Arisaema triphyllum
Jack In The Pulpit, Indian Jack In The Pulpit, Jack-in-the-pulpit

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Arisaema triphyllum ssp. quinatum
Five-leaved Jack-in-the-pulpit, Jack In The Pulpit, Indian Turnip

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Arisaema triphyllum ssp. triphyllum
Jack In The Pulpit

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Aristida basiramea
Forked Threeawn, Wiregrass, Needlegrass, Three-awned Grass, Fork-tip Threeawn

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Aristida desmantha
Curly Threeawn

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Aristida dichotoma
Churchmouse Threeawn

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Aristida lanosa
Woollysheath Threeawn, Woolly Three-awn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Aristida longespica
Slimspike Threeawn, Kearney's Three-awn, Red Three-awn, Slender Three-awn

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Aristida oligantha
Prairie Threeawn, Oldfield (Prairie) 3-awn, Oldfield Threeawn

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Aristida purpurascens
Arrowfeather Threeawn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Aristida purpurea
Purple Threeawn, Purple 3-awn, Purple Three-awn, Red Threeawn

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Aristida purpurea var. longiseta
Red Three-awn, Fendler Three-awn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Aristida purpurea var. nealleyi
Blue Threeawn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Aristida purpurea var. purpurea
Purple Threeawn, Red Threeawn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Aristolochia coryi
Cory's Dutchman's-pipe, Cory's Pipevine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Aristolochia erecta
Swanflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Aristolochia reticulata
Texas Dutchman's Pipe

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Aristolochia serpentaria
Virginia Snakeroot, Virginia Dutchmanspipe

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Dry

Aristolochia tomentosa
Woolly Dutchman's Pipe, Common Dutchman's Pipe

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Arnoglossum ovatum
Ovateleaf Cacalia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Arnoglossum plantagineum
Groovestem Indian Plantain, Indian Plantain, Prairie Plantain, Prairie Indian Plantain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Aronia arbutifolia
Red Chokeberry, Red Chokecherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Arundinaria gigantea
Giant Cane, River Cane, Switch Cane, American Bamboo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Arundinaria tecta
Switch Cane

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Asclepias amplexicaulis
Clasping Milkweed, Bluntleaf Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Asclepias asperula
Antelope-horns, Spider Milkweed, Green-flowered Milkweed, Spider Antelope-horns, Antelope Horns

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Asclepias engelmanniana
Engelmann's Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Asclepias incarnata
Swamp Milkweed, Pink Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Asclepias incarnata ssp. incarnata
Swamp Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Asclepias incarnata ssp. pulchra
Swamp Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Asclepias lanceolata
Fewflower Milkweed, Few-flower Milkweed, Red Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Asclepias longifolia
Longleaf Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Asclepias obovata
Pineland Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Asclepias oenotheroides
Zizotes Milkweed, Hierba De Zizotes, Side-cluster Milkweed, Longhorn Milkweed, Primrose Milkweed, Lindheimer's Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Asclepias perennis
Aquatic Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Asclepias purpurascens
Purple Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Asclepias rubra
Red Milkweed, Tall Pink Bog Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Asclepias stenophylla
Slimleaf Milkweed, Narrowleaf Milkweed, Narrowleaf Green Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Asclepias tomentosa
Tuba Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Asclepias tuberosa
Butterflyweed, Butterfly Weed, Butterfly Milkweed, Orange Milkweed, Pleurisy Root, Chigger Flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Asclepias variegata
Redring Milkweed, White-flowered Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Asclepias verticillata
Whorled Milkweed, Eastern Whorled Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Asclepias viridiflora
Green Comet Milkweed, Green-flowered Milkweed, Green Milkweed, Wand Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Asclepias viridis
Green Milkweed, Spider Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Asimina parviflora
Smallflower Pawpaw, Small-flower Pawpaw, Dwarf Pawpaw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Asimina triloba
Pawpaw, Common Pawpaw, Custard Apple, Indian Banana, Wild Banana

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Asplenium platyneuron
Ebony Spleenwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Asplenium resiliens
Blackstem Spleenwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light:
Water:

Astragalus canadensis
Canadian Milkvetch, Canada Milkvetch, Milk Vetch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Dry

Astragalus crassicarpus
Groundplum Milkvetch, Ground Plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Astragalus crassicarpus var. berlandieri
Berlandier's Groundplum, Groundplum Milkvetch, Groundplum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Astragalus crassicarpus var. crassicarpus
Groundplum Milkvetch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Astragalus distortus
Ozark Milkvetch, Bent Milk Vetch , Bentpod Milkvetch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Astragalus leptocarpus
Rare Loco Milkvetch, Slimpod Milkvetch

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Astragalus lotiflorus
Lotus Milkvetch, Lotus Milk-vetch, Low Milkvetch, Milkvetch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Astragalus nuttallianus
Nuttall's Milkvetch, Small-flowered Milkvetch

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Astragalus pleianthus
Edwards Plateau Milkvetch

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Astranthium integrifolium
Entireleaf Western Daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Astranthium integrifolium ssp. ciliatum
Entireleaf Western Daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Astrolepis integerrima
Hybrid Cloakfern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light:
Water:

Astrolepis sinuata
Wavy Scaly Cloakfern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Athyrium filix-femina
Common Lady Fern, Subarctic Lady Fern, Lady Fern, Ladyfern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Athyrium filix-femina ssp. asplenioides
Southern Lady Fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Atriplex canescens
Chamiso, Four-wing Saltbush, Wing-scale

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Aureolaria grandiflora
False Foxglove, Largeflower Yellow False Foxglove

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Aureolaria virginica
Downy Yellow False Foxglove, Downy False Foxglove

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Avicennia germinans
Black Mangrove

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Axonopus compressus
Broadleaf Carpetgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Axonopus fissifolius
Common Carpetgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Axonopus furcatus
Big Carpetgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Azolla caroliniana
Carolina Mosquitofern

Duration: Annual
Habit: Fern
Light:
Water:

Baccharis halimifolia
Groundseltree, Sea-myrtle, Consumptionweed, Eastern Baccharis, Groundsel, Groundsel Bush, Salt Marsh-elder, Salt Bush, Florida Groundsel Bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Baccharis neglecta
False Willow, Jara Dulce, Poverty Weed, Roosevelt Weed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Baccharis salicifolia
Mule's Fat, Seep Willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Baccharis salicina
Willow Baccharis, Great Plains False Willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Baccharis texana
Prairie False Willow, Prairie Baccharis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Bacopa caroliniana
Blue Waterhyssop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Bacopa monnieri
Herb-of-grace, Water Hyssop, Coastal Water-hyssop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Bacopa rotundifolia
Disk Waterhyssop, Disc Water-hyssop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Bahia absinthifolia
Hairyseed Bahia, Hairy-seed False Goldfields, Bahia, Yerba Raton

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Baileya multiradiata
Desert Marigold, Showy Desert Marigold, Paper Daisy, Desert Baileya

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Baptisia alba
White Wild Indigo, White Baptisia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Baptisia alba var. macrophylla
Largeleaf Wild Indigo, White Wild Indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Baptisia australis
Blue Wild Indigo, Wild Blue Indigo, Blue False Indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Baptisia australis var. minor
Blue Wild Indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Baptisia bracteata
Longbract Wild Indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Baptisia bracteata var. laevicaulis
Longbract Wild Indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Baptisia bracteata var. leucophaea
Longbract Wild Indigo, Cream False Indigo, Plains Wild Indigo, Cream Wild Indigo, Large-bracted Wild Indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Baptisia nuttalliana
Nuttall's Wild Indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Baptisia sphaerocarpa
Bush Pea, Green Wild Indigo, Yellow Wild Indigo, Yellow Wisteria

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Bartonia paniculata
Twining Screwstem

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Bartonia paniculata ssp. paniculata
Twining Screwstem

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water: Moist

Bartonia verna
White Screwstem, White Bartonia, Spring Bartonia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Batis maritima
Turtleweed, Seaside Saltwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Bauhinia lunarioides
Anacacho Orchid Tree, Anacacho Bauhinia, Orchid Tree, Texas Plume

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Berchemia scandens
Alabama Supple-jack, Alabama Supplejack, Rattan-vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Berlandiera betonicifolia
Texas Greeneyes, Broochflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Berlandiera pumila
Soft Greeneyes

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Berlandiera pumila var. pumila
Soft Greeneyes

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Bernardia myricifolia
Mouse Ears, Mouse's Eye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Bernardia obovata
Desert Myrtlecroton

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Betula nigra
River Birch, Red Birch, Black Birch, Water Birch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Bidens aristosa
Bearded Beggarticks, Tickseed Sunflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Bidens bipinnata
Spanish Needles

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Bidens discoidea
Small Beggarticks

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Bidens frondosa
Devil's Beggartick, Spanish Needles

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Bidens laevis
Smooth Beggartick, Smooth Bidens, Smooth Bur Marigold, Larger Bur Marigold

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Bifora americana
Prairie Bishop, Prairie Bishop's Weed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Bigelowia nuttallii
Nuttall's Rayless Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Bignonia capreolata
Crossvine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Boehmeria cylindrica
Smallspike False Nettle, Bog Hemp

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Boerhavia coccinea
Scarlet Spiderling

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Boerhavia diffusa
Red Spiderling

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Boerhavia erecta
Erect Spiderling

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Boerhavia linearifolia
Narrowleaf Spiderling

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Bolboschoenus robustus
Sturdy Bulrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Boltonia asteroides
Boltonia, White Doll's Daisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Boltonia diffusa
Doll's Daisy, Smallhead Doll's Daisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Boltonia diffusa var. diffusa
Smallhead Doll's Daisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Bonamia repens
Creeping Lady's Nightcap

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Borrichia frutescens
Bushy Seaside Tansy, Ox-eye Daisy, Sea Daisy, Sea Ox-eye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Bothriochloa barbinodis
Pinhole Bluestem, Cane Bluestem, Cane Beardgrass, Feather Bluestem, Plains Beardgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Bothriochloa hybrida
Hybrid Beardgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Bothriochloa laguroides
Silver Bluestem, Silver Beardgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Bothriochloa laguroides ssp. torreyana
Silver Beard Grass, Silver Beardgrass, Silver Bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Bothriochloa longipaniculata
Longspike Beardgrass, Longspike Silver Bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Botrychium biternatum
Sparselobe Grapefern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light:
Water:

Botrychium dissectum
Cutleaf Grapefern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light:
Water:

Botrychium lunarioides
Winter Grapefern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light:
Water:

Botrychium virginianum
Rattlesnake Fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Bouchea linifolia
Flaxleaf Bouchea, Groovestem Bouchea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Bouteloua barbata
Sixweeks Grama

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Bouteloua curtipendula
Sideoats Grama, Banderilla, Banderita, Navajita

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Bouteloua dactyloides
Buffalograss, Buffalo Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Bouteloua gracilis
Blue Grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Bouteloua hirsuta
Hairy Grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Bouteloua rigidiseta
Texas Grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Bouteloua trifida
Red Grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Bouteloua uniflora
Oneflower Grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Bowlesia incana
Hoary Bowlesia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Brachyelytrum erectum
Bearded Shorthusk, Longawn Woodgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Brasenia schreberi
Watershield

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Brazoria truncata
Rattlesnake Flower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Brazoria truncata var. pulcherrima
Centerville Brazos-mint, Sand Brazoria

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Brickellia dentata
Leafy Brickellbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Brickellia eupatorioides
False Boneset

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Brickellia eupatorioides var. eupatorioides
False Boneset

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Brickellia eupatorioides var. texana
Texas False Boneset

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Brickellia laciniata
Splitleaf Brickellbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Bromus inermis
Smooth Brome

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Bromus pubescens
Hairy Woodland Brome

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Brunnichia ovata
American Buckwheat Vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Buchnera americana
American Bluehearts, Bluehearts

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Buddleja racemosa
Wand Butterfly-bush, Wand Butterflybush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Bulbostylis capillaris
Densetuft Hairsedge, Hair-sedge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Bulbostylis ciliatifolia
Capillary Hairsedge

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Burmannia biflora
Northern Bluethread

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Burmannia capitata
Southern Bluethread

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cabomba caroliniana
Carolina Fanwort, Green Cabomba, Fish-grass, Washington-grass, Carolina Watershield, Washington-plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Calliandra conferta
Rio Grande Stickpea, Fairy Duster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Callicarpa americana
American Beautyberry , French Mulberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Callirhoe involucrata
Winecup, Purple Poppy Mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Callirhoe leiocarpa
Tall Poppymallow, Annual Winecup, Tall Poppy-mallow, Tall Poppy Mallow

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Callirhoe papaver
Woodland Poppymallow, Woodland Poppy-mallow, Woodland Poppy Mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Callirhoe pedata
Palmleaf Poppymallow, Standing Winecup, Finger Poppymallow, Palmleaf Poppy Mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Callitriche heterophylla
Two-headed Water-starwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Callitriche heterophylla ssp. heterophylla
Two-headed Water-starwort, Varied-leaved Water-starwort, Diverse-leaved Water-starwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Callitriche pedunculosa
Nuttall's Water-starwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Callitriche peploides
Matted Water-starwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Callitriche terrestris
Terrestrial Water-starwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Calopogon oklahomensis
Oklahoma Grasspink, Prairie Grasspink

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Calopogon tuberosus
Tuberous Grasspink, Grass Pink

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Calopogon tuberosus var. tuberosus
Tuberous Grasspink, Grass Pink, Swamp Pink

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Calylophus berlandieri
Berlandier's Sundrops , Square-bud Primrose, Sundrops

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Calylophus berlandieri ssp. berlandieri
Berlandier's Sundrops, Drummond Sundrops, Square-bud Primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Calylophus berlandieri ssp. pinifolius
Berlandier's Sundrops, Square-bud Primrose, Sundrops, Square-bud Day-primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Calylophus hartwegii
Hartweg's Sundrops, Western Primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Calylophus hartwegii ssp. maccartii
Maccart's Sundrops

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Calylophus hartwegii ssp. pubescens
Hartweg's Sundrops, Grand Prairie Evening Primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Calystegia sepium
Hedge False Bindweed, Hedge Bindweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Calystegia silvatica
Shortstalk False Bindweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Calystegia silvatica ssp. fraterniflora
Shortstalk False Bindweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light:
Water:

Camassia scilloides
Atlantic Camas, Wild Hyacinth

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Campsis radicans
Trumpet Creeper, Trumpet Vine, Common Trumpet Creeper, Cow Vine, Foxglove Vine, Hellvine, Devil's Shoestring

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Capsicum annuum
Chile Pequin, Chile Petin, Bird Pepper, Turkey Pepper , Cayenne Pepper

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Capsicum annuum var. glabriusculum
Chile Pequin, Chile Tepin, Bird Pepper, Turkey Pepper, Cayenne Pepper

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Cardamine bulbosa
Bulbous Bittercress, Spring Cress

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Wet

Cardamine concatenata
Cutleaf Toothwort, Pepper Root

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Cardamine parviflora
Sand Bittercress

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Cardamine parviflora var. arenicola
Sand Bittercress

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cardamine pensylvanica
Pennsylvania Bittercress

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Carex albicans
Whitetinge Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Carex albolutescens
Greenwhite Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Carex amphibola
Creek Sedge, Eastern Narrowleaf Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Carex annectens
Yellowfruit Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Carex atlantica
Prickly Bog Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Carex austrina
Southern Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex basiantha
Willdenow's Sedge, Basal-fruit Caric Sedge, Widow Caric Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex blanda
Eastern Woodland Sedge, Creek Sedge, Common Wood Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Carex brevior
Shortbeak Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex bromoides
Bromelike Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Carex bulbostylis
False Hair Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex bushii
Bush's Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex caroliniana
Carolina Sedge, Carolina Caric Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex cephalophora
Oval-leaf Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex cherokeensis
Cherokee Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Carex comosa
Longhair Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Carex complanata
Hirsute Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex corrugata
Prune-fruit Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex crinita
Fringed Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Carex crus-corvi
Ravenfoot Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex debilis
White Edge Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Carex digitalis
Slender Woodland Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex festucacea
Fescue Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex flaccosperma
Thinfruit Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex folliculata
Northern Long Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Carex frankii
Frank's Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Carex glaucescens
Southern Waxy Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex glaucodea
Blue Sedge, Blue Wood Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Carex granularis
Limestone Meadow Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Carex gravida
Heavy Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex grisea
Inflated Narrow-leaf Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex hyalinolepis
Shoreline Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Carex intumescens
Greater Bladder Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Carex joorii
Cypress Swamp Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex leavenworthii
Leavenworth's Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex leptalea
Bristlystalked Sedge, Flaccid Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Carex longii
Long's Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex louisianica
Louisiana Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex lupuliformis
False Hop Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Carex lupulina
Hop Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Carex lurida
Shallow Sedge, Sallow Sedge, Lurid Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Carex meadii
Mead's Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex microdonta
Littletooth Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex microrhyncha
Littlesnout Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex muehlenbergii
Muhlenberg's Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex muehlenbergii var. muehlenbergii
Muhlenberg's Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Carex nigromarginata
Black Edge Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex oklahomensis
Oklahoma Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex planostachys
Cedar Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Carex pseudocyperus
Cypress-like Sedge, Cypresslike Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Carex reniformis
Kidneyshape Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex retroflexa
Reflexed Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Carex rosea
Rosy Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Carex striatula
Lined Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex stricta
Upright Sedge, Uptight Sedge, Tussock Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Carex tenax
Wire Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex tetrastachya
Britton's Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex texensis
Texas Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Carex triangularis
Eastern Fox Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex tribuloides
Blunt Broom Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Carex vulpinoidea
Fox Sedge, Brown Fox Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Carex vulpinoidea var. vulpinoidea
Fox Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carlowrightia texana
Texas Wrightwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Carlowrightia torreyana
Torrey's Wrightwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Carpinus caroliniana
American Hornbeam, Blue Beech, Water Beech, Musclewood, Ironwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Carya aquatica
Water Hickory, Bitter Water Hickory, Bitter Hickory, Swamp Hickory, Water Pignut Hickory, Water Pignut, Bitter Pecan

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Carya cordiformis
Bitternut Hickory, Swamp Hickory, Bitternut, Pig Hickory, Pignut Hickory, Pignut, White Hickory, Red Hickory, Bitter Walnut, Bitter Pecan

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Carya glabra
Pignut Hickory, Sweet Pignut Hickory, Coast Pignut Hickory, Pignut, Sweet Pignut, Smoothbark Hickory, Broom Hickory, Red Hickory, Swamp Hickory, Switch Hickory, Switchbud Hickory

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Carya illinoinensis
Pecan

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Carya laciniosa
Shellbark Hickory

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Carya myristiciformis
Nutmeg Hickory, Swamp Hickory, Bitter Water Hickory, Bitter Hickory

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Carya ovata
Shagbark Hickory, Carolina Hickory, Scalybark Hickory, Upland Hickory, Shellbark Hickory

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Carya texana
Black Hickory, Buckley Hickory, Pignut Hickory

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Carya tomentosa
Mockernut Hickory, Mockernut Hickory, Big Bud Hickory, Mockernut, White Hickory, Whiteheart Hickory, Fragrant Hickory, Bigbud Hickory, Hardbark Hickory, Hognut, Bullnut

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Castanea pumila
Allegheny Chinquapin, Allegheny Chinkapin, Chinquapin, Chinkapin

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Castanea pumila var. pumila
Chinquapin, Chinkapin, Allegheny Chinquapin, American Chinquapin, Dwarf Chestnut

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light:
Water:

Castela erecta
Goatbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light:
Water:

Castela erecta ssp. texana
Texan Goatbush, Goat-bush, Allthorn Goatbush, Amargoso

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Castilleja indivisa
Texas Indian Paintbrush, Entireleaf Indian Paintbrush, Texas Paintbrush, Indian Paintbrush, Scarlet Paintbrush

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Castilleja lanata
Sierra Woolly Indian Paintbrush, Woolly Paintbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Castilleja purpurea
Prairie Paintbrush, Downy Indian Paintbrush, Purple Paintbrush, Lemon Paintbrush, Purple Painted Cup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Castilleja purpurea var. purpurea
Purple Paintbrush, Purple Prairie Painbrush, Prairie Paintbrush, Downy Indian Paintbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Castilleja rigida
Rigid Indian Paintbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Castilleja sessiliflora
Downy Painted Cup, Downy Paintbrush, Great Plains Paintbrush, Great Plains Indian-paintbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Catalpa bignonioides
Southern Catalpa, Cigar Tree, Indian Bean

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Catalpa speciosa
Northern Catalpa, Catalpa Tree, Cigar Tree, Indian Bean

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ceanothus americanus
New Jersey Tea, Redroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Ceanothus herbaceus
Prairie Redroot, Smaller Redroot, Small Redroot, Inland Ceanothus, Fuzzy Ceanothus, Jersey Tea, Redroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Celtis ehrenbergiana
Desert Hackberry, Spiny Hackberry, Shiny Hackberry, Granjeno, Huasteco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Celtis laevigata
Sugar Hackberry, Texas Sugarberry, Sugarberry, Southern Hackberry, Lowland Hackberry, Hackberry, Palo Blanco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Celtis laevigata var. reticulata
Netleaf Hackberry, Netleaf Sugar Hackberry, Western Hackberry, Sugar Hackberry, Texas Sugarberry, Palo Blanco, Acibuche

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Cenchrus echinatus
Southern Sandbur

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Cenchrus spinifex
Grass Bur, Coastal Sandbur, Field Sandspur, Southern Sandbur, Spiny Burrgrass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Centaurea americana
American Basket-flower, American Star-thistle, Basket-flower, Star Thistle, Shaving Brush, Basket Flower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Centaurium calycosum
Arizona Centaury, Shortflower Centaury, Rosita, Buckley Centaury

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Centaurium texense
Lady Bird's Centaury

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Centella erecta
Erect Centella, Erect Spadeleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Centrosema virginianum
Spurred Butterfly Pea, Butterfly Pea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Cephalanthus occidentalis
Common Buttonbush, Buttonbush, Button Willow, Honey Bells, Honeybells, Honey Balls, Honeyballs

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Cerastium brachypodum
Short-stalk Chickweed, Shortstalk Chickweed

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ceratophyllum demersum
Coon's Tail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Ceratophyllum echinatum
Spineless Hornwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cercis canadensis
Eastern Redbud, Redbud

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cercis canadensis var. canadensis
Eastern Redbud

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Cercis canadensis var. mexicana
Mexican Redbud

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Cercis canadensis var. texensis
Texas Redbud

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Cevallia sinuata
Stinging Serpent, Stinging Cevallia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chaerophyllum tainturieri
Hairyfruit Chervil, Southern Chervil

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chaetopappa asteroides
Arkansas Leastdaisy, Least Daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chaetopappa bellidifolia
Whiteray Leastdaisy, Dwarf White Aster, Edwards Lazy Daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Chaetopappa bellioides
Manyflower Leastdaisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaecrista fasciculata
Partridge Pea, Sleepingplant, Sensitive Plant

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Chamaecrista fasciculata var. fasciculata
Partridge Pea, Showy Partridge-pea, Beeflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Chamaecrista nictitans
Sensitive Partridge Pea, Partridge-pea, Sensitive Pea

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Chamaecrista nictitans ssp. nictitans
Sensitive Partridge Pea, Partridge Pea

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Chamaesaracha coniodes
Gray Five Eyes, False Nightshade, Ground Saracha, Prostrate Ground-cherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Chamaesaracha edwardsiana
Edwards Plateau Five Eyes

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Chamaesaracha pallida
Pale Five Eyes, False Nightshade, Averett Pale Five Eyes

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Chamaesaracha sordida
Hairy Five Eyes, False Nightshade

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaesaracha villosa
Transpecos Five Eyes, Woolly False Nightshade

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Chamaesyce acuta
Pointed Sandmat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaesyce albomarginata
Whitemargin Sandmat, Rattlesnake-weed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaesyce angusta
Blackfoot Sandmat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaesyce bombensis
Dixie Sandmat

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaesyce cinerascens
Ashy Sandmat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaesyce cordifolia
Heartleaf Sandmat

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaesyce glyptosperma
Ribseed Sandmat, Rib-seeded Sand Mat

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaesyce hypericifolia
Graceful Sandmat, Graceful Spurge, Chickenweed, Large-spotted Spurge, Garden Spurge, Fluxweed, Baby's-breath Euphorbia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaesyce hyssopifolia
Hyssopleaf Sandmat

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaesyce lata
Hoary Sandmat, Hoary Euphorbia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaesyce maculata
Spotted Spurge, Spotted Euphorbia, Spotted Sandmat, Milk Purslane, Prostrate Spurge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Chamaesyce missurica
Prairie Sandmat, Missouri Spurge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaesyce nutans
Nodding Spurge, Eyebane

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Chamaesyce prostrata
Prostrate Spurge, Prostrate Sandmat, Ground Spurge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Chamaesyce serpens
Matted Sandmat, Prostrate Spurge, Creeping Spurge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaesyce serrula
Sawtooth Sandmat

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaesyce villifera
Hairy Sandmat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chaptalia texana
Texas Silverpuff, Silverpuff, Nodding Lettuce, Silver Puff

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Chaptalia tomentosa
Woolly Sunbonnets

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Chasmanthium latifolium
Inland Sea Oats, Indian Wood Oats, Wild Oats, River Oats, Flathead Oats, Upland Oats, Upland Sea Oats

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Chasmanthium laxum
Slender Woodoats, Slender Chasmanthium

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Chasmanthium sessiliflorum
Longleaf Woodoats

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Cheilanthes alabamensis
Alabama Lipfern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light:
Water:

Cheilanthes horridula
Rough Lipfern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Cheilanthes lindheimeri
Fairy-swords

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light:
Water:

Cheilanthes tomentosa
Woolly Lipfern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Chenopodium album
Lambsquarters

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Chenopodium berlandieri
Pitseed Goosefoot, Lambs Quarters

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chenopodium incanum
Mealy Goosefoot

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Chenopodium pratericola
Desert Goosefoot

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chenopodium simplex
Mapleleaf Goosefoot

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Chenopodium standleyanum
Standley's Goosefoot

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chilopsis linearis
Desert Willow, Flowering Willow, Willow-leaved Catalpa, Willowleaf Catalpa, Bow Willow, Flor De Mimbre, Mimbre

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Chionanthus virginicus
White Fringetree, Fringe Tree, Snowflower Tree, Flowering Ash, Old Man's Beard, Grandfather Graybeard, Grancy Graybeard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Chloracantha spinosa
Spiny Chloracantha, Mexican Devil-weed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chloris cucullata
Hooded Windmill Grass, Hooded Windmillgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Chloris texensis
Texas Windmill Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Chloris verticillata
Tumble Windmill Grass, Windmillgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Chloris virgata
Feather Fingergrass, Showy Chloris

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Chromolaena odorata
Blue Mistflower, Fragrant Mistflower, Blue Boneset, Fragrant Boneset, Jack In The Bush, Crucita, Siam Weed, Common Flossflower, Christmas Bush, Devilweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Chrysactinia mexicana
Damianita

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Chrysopsis mariana
Maryland Goldenaster, Maryland Golden-aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Chrysopsis pilosa
Soft Goldenaster, Soft Golden-aster

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Chrysopsis texana
Texas Chrysopsis

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cicuta maculata
Spotted Water Hemlock, Water-hemlock, Beaver Poison

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Wet

Cinna arundinacea
Sweet Woodreed, Common Woodreed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Cirsium altissimum
Tall Thistle

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Cirsium carolinianum
Carolina Thistle, Soft Thistle, Purple Thistle, Smallhead Thistle

Duration: Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cirsium horridulum
Bristle Thistle, Yellow Thistle, Horrid Thistle, Purple Thistle, Spiny Thistle, Bull Thistle

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cirsium muticum
Swamp Thistle

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Cirsium texanum
Texas Thistle

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Cirsium turneri
Cliff Thistle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Cirsium undulatum
Wavyleaf Thistle, Plumed Thistle

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cissus trifoliata
Cow-itch Vine, Cow Itch Vine, Sorrelvine, Grape Ivy, Possum Grape, Arizona Grape Ivy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Cladium mariscoides
Smooth Sawgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Cladium mariscus ssp. jamaicense
Jamaica Swamp Sawgrass, Jamaican Saw-grass, Saw-grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Claytonia virginica
Virginia Springbeauty, Springbeauty

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Claytonia virginica var. virginica
Virginia Springbeauty

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Clematis crispa
Swamp Leatherflower, Curly Clematis, Blue-jasmine, Curlflower, Curly Virgin's Bower, Marsh Clematis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Clematis drummondii
Old Man's Beard, Drummond's Clematis, Texas Virgin's Bower, Goat's Beard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Clematis pitcheri
Purple Leatherflower, Purple Clematis, Leatherflower, Bluebill, Bellflower Clematis, Pitcher's Clematis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Clematis reticulata
Netleaf Leather Flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Clematis versicolor
Pale Leatherflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Clematis virginiana
Devil's Darning Needles, Virgin's Bower, Old Man's Beard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Cleomella angustifolia
Narrowleaf Rhombopod, Cleomella

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Clethra alnifolia
Coastal Pepperbush, Coastal Sweet Pepperbush, Coastal Sweet Pepper, Alderleaf Pepperbush, Alderleaf Clethra, Clethra, Summer Sweet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Clinopodium arkansanum
Limestone Calamint

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Clitoria mariana
Atlantic Pigeonwings, Butterfly Pea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Cnidoscolus texanus
Texas Bullnettle, Bull Nettle, Tread-softly, Spurge Nettle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cocculus carolinus
Carolina Snailseed, Carolina Coralbead, Carolina Moonseed, Red Berried Moonseed, Carolina Red Berried Moonseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Coelorachis cylindrica
Cylinder Jointtail Grass, Carolina Joint-tail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Collinsia violacea
Violet Blue-eyed Mary

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Colubrina texensis
Texas Hog Plum, Texas Snakewood, Texas Colubrina, Hog Plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Commelina erecta
Dayflower, Widow's Tears, White-mouth Dayflower, Whitemouth Dayflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Commelina erecta var. angustifolia
Narrow-leaf Dayflower, Whitemouth Dayflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Commelina virginica
Virginia Dayflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Condalia ericoides
Javelina Bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Condalia hookeri
Bluewood Condalia, Brasil, Brasilwood, Bluewood, Logwood, Purple Haw, Capul Negro

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Condalia spathulata
Knifeleaf Condalia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Condalia viridis
Green Snakewood, Green Condalia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Conoclinium betonicifolium
Betonyleaf Thoroughwort, Betony-leaf Mistflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Conoclinium coelestinum
Blue Mistflower, Wild Ageratum, Blue Boneset

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Conoclinium greggii
Gregg's Mistflower , Palmleaf Thoroughwort, Palm-leaf Mistflower, Palm-leaf Thoroughwort, Purple Palmleaf Mistflower, Purple Palmleaf Eupatorium

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Convolvulus equitans
Texas Bindweed, Bindweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Conyza canadensis
Horseweed, Canadian Horseweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Cooperia drummondii
Evening Rain Lily, Evening Star Rain Lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Cooperia pedunculata
Hill Country Rain Lily, Prairie Lily, Rain Lily, Flor De Mayo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Corallorhiza odontorhiza
Autumn Coralroot, Late Coralroot, Fall Coral Root, Late Southern Coral Root, Small Coral Root, Small-flowered Coral Root, Chicken Toe, Turkey Claw, Dragon's Claw, Fever Root, Crawley Root, Crawley

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Corallorhiza wisteriana
Spring Coral-root, Spring Coral Root, Early Southern Coral-root, Wister's Coral-root, Yellow Coral-root, Arousing Coral-root

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cordia podocephala
Texas Manjack, White Cordia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Coreopsis basalis
Goldenmane Tickseed, Golden-wave

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Coreopsis grandiflora
Largeflower Tickseed, Large-flower Tickseed, Common Coreopsis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Coreopsis grandiflora var. grandiflora
Largeflower Tickseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Coreopsis intermedia
Goldenwave Tickseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Coreopsis lanceolata
Lanceleaf Coreopsis, Lance-leaved Coreopsis, Lanceleaf Tickseed, Sand Coreopsis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Coreopsis linifolia
Texas Tickseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Coreopsis nuecensoides
Rio Grande Tickseed, Crown Tickseed , Sand Coreopsis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Coreopsis pubescens
Star Tickseed, Hairy Tickseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Coreopsis tinctoria
Plains Coreopsis, Golden Tickseed, Goldenwave, Calliopsis

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Coreopsis tinctoria var. tinctoria
Golden Tickseed, Golden-wave

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Coreopsis tripteris
Tall Tickseed, Tall Coreopsis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cornus drummondii
Roughleaf Dogwood, Drummond's Dogwood, Rough-leaf Dogwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Cornus florida
Flowering Dogwood, Virginia Dogwood, Florida Dogwood, White Cornel, Arrowwood, American Boxwood, False Box, St. Peter's Crown, Corona De San Pedro

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Cornus foemina
Stiff Dogwood, Swamp Dogwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Cornus racemosa
Gray Dogwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Corydalis curvisiliqua
Curvepod, Curvepod Fumewort, Golden Smoke, Scrambled Eggs

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Corydalis curvisiliqua ssp. curvisiliqua
Curvepod Fumewort

Duration: Annual, Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Corydalis micrantha
Smallflower Fumewort, Southern Corydalis, Golden Corydalis

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Coryphantha echinus
Rhinoceros Cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light:
Water: Dry

Crassula longipes
Smallseed Pygmyweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Crataegus crus-galli
Cockspur Hawthorn, Cockspur Thorn, Newcastle Hawthorn, Newcastle Thorn, Hog Apple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Crataegus marshallii
Parsley Hawthorn, Parsleyleaf Hawthorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Crataegus mollis
Downy Hawthorn, White Thorn, Whitethorn, Scarlet Hawthorn, Scarlet Haw, Red Haw, Downy Thorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Crataegus opaca
Mayhaw, Western Mayhaw, May Hawthorn, Riverflat Hawthorn, Applehaw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Crataegus spathulata
Littlehip Hawthorn, Pasture Hawthorn, Smallfruit Hawthorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light:
Water:

Crataegus texana
Texas Hawthorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Crataegus turnerorum
Turner's Hawthorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Crataegus uniflora
Dwarf Hawthorn, One-flowered Hawthorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Crataegus viridis
Green Hawthorn, Southern Hawthorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Crinum americanum
American Crinum Lily, Seven Sisters, Swamp Lily, Southern Swamp Lily, String Lily, Crinum Lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Croptilon divaricatum
Slender Scratchdaisy, Scratch Daisy, Granite Daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Croptilon rigidifolium
Stiffleaf Scratchdaisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Crotalaria purshii
Pursh's Rattlebox

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Crotalaria sagittalis
Arrowhead Rattlebox

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Croton argyranthemus
Healing Croton

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Croton capitatus
Hogwort, Texas Goatweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Croton capitatus var. lindheimeri
Woolly Croton, Lindheimer's Hogwort, Woolly Texas Goatweed, Woolly Doveweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Croton fruticulosus
Bush Croton, Encinilla, Hierba Loca

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Croton glandulosus
Tooth-leaved Croton, Sand Croton, Tropic Croton, Vente Conmigo

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Croton incanus
Torrey's Croton

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Croton lindheimerianus
Threeseed Croton

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Croton michauxii
Michaux's Croton

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Croton michauxii var. ellipticus
Michaux's Croton

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Croton monanthogynus
Prairie Tea, One-seed Croton, Doveweed, Dove Weed, Prairie Goatweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Croton pottsii
Leatherweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Croton pottsii var. pottsii
Leatherweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Croton punctatus
Gulf Croton

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Croton texensis
Texas Croton, Doveweed, Texas Goatweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cryptantha cinerea var. jamesii
James' Cryptantha, James' Catseye, James' Cat's-eye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Cryptantha mexicana
Mexican Cryptantha

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cryptantha minima
Little Cryptantha

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Cryptantha oblata
Rough Cryptantha

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Cryptantha palmeri
Palmer's Cryptantha

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Cryptotaenia canadensis
Canadian Honewort, Wild Chervil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cucurbita foetidissima
Stinking Gourd, Buffalo Gourd, Missouri Gourd, Stink Gourd, Wild Gourd

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Cunila origanoides
Common Dittany

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Cuscuta cephalanthi
Buttonbush Dodder, Button-bush Dodder

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Cuscuta cuspidata
Angel Hair, Cusp Dodder, Dodder

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Cuscuta exaltata
Tree Dodder, Tall Dodder

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Cuscuta gronovii
Scaldweed, Dodder

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Cuscuta indecora
Bigseed Alfalfa Dodder, Largeseed Dodder, Pretty Dodder

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light:
Water:

Cuscuta obtusiflora
Peruvian Dodder

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light:
Water:

Cuscuta pentagona
Fiveangled Dodder

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Cuscuta umbellata
Flatglobe Dodder, Santa Fe Dodder

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Cyclanthera dissecta
Cutleaf Cyclanthera, Texas Coastal Plain Cyclanthera, Bur Cucumber

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Cyclanthera naudiniana
Hill Country Cyclanthera, Naudin's Cyclanthera, Central Texas Cyclanthera

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light:
Water:

Cycloloma atriplicifolium
Winged Pigweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Cylindropuntia leptocaulis
Tasajillo, Christmas Cactus, Pencil Cactus, Christmas Cholla, Desert Christmas Cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Cynanchum barbigerum
Bearded Swallow-wort, Thicket Threadvine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun
Water:

Cynanchum laeve
Honeyvine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light:
Water:

Cynanchum maccartii
Maccart's Swallow-wort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun
Water:

Cynanchum racemosum
Talayote

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light:
Water:

Cynanchum racemosum var. unifarium
Talayote

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Cynoglossum virginianum
Wild Comfrey

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cynosciadium digitatum
Finger Dogshade, Fringed Dogshade

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cyperus acuminatus
Tapertip Flatsedge

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Cyperus articulatus
Jointed Flatsedge, Chintul

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Cyperus bipartitus
Slender Flatsedge, Shining Cyperus

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Cyperus cephalanthus
Buttonbush Flatsedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Cyperus compressus
Poorland Flatsedge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Cyperus croceus
Baldwin's Flatsedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Cyperus echinatus
Globe Flatsedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Cyperus elegans
Royal Flatsedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Cyperus erythrorhizos
Redroot Flatsedge

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Cyperus esculentus
Yellow Nutsedge, Chufa Sedge, Yellow Nut-grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cyperus grayoides
Illinois Flatsedge, Mohlenbrock's Sedge, Midwestern Gray's Flat Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Cyperus haspan
Haspan Flatsedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Cyperus hystricinus
Bristly Flatsedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Cyperus lupulinus
Great Plains Flatsedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Cyperus ochraceus
Pond Flatsedge, Yellow Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Cyperus odoratus
Fragrant Flatsedge, Fragrant Sedge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Cyperus oxylepis
Sharp-scale Flat Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Cyperus plukenetii
Plukenet's Flatsedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Cyperus polystachyos
Manyspike Flatsedge, Bunchy Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Cyperus pseudovegetus
Marsh Flatsedge, Marsh Flat Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Cyperus reflexus
Bentawn Flatsedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Cyperus retroflexus
Oneflower Flatsedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Cyperus retrofractus
Rough Flatsedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Cyperus retrorsus
Pine Barren Flatsedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water: Dry

Cyperus retrorsus var. retrorsus
Pine Barren Flatsedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Cyperus setigerus
Lean Flatsedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Cyperus squarrosus
Bearded Flatsedge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Cyperus strigosus
Straw-colored Flatsedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Cyperus surinamensis
Tropical Flatsedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Cyperus virens
Green Flatsedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Cyphomeris gypsophiloides
Red Cyphomeris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Cypripedium kentuckiense
Southern Lady's-slipper, Kentucky Lady's-slipper, Ivory Lady's-slipper, Purloined Slipper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cyrilla racemiflora
Titi, Swamp Titi, Black Titi, White Titi, Red Titi, Leatherwood, Swamp Cyrilla, American Cyrilla, Burnwood Bark, Palo Colorado

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Cystopteris protrusa
Lowland Bladderfern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light:
Water: Moist

Dalea aurea
Golden Dalea, Golden Prairie Clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dalea bicolor var. argyrea
Silver Prairie Clover, Silver Dalea, Silver Bush Dalea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Dalea candida
White Prairie Clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dalea candida var. candida
White Prairie Clover, White Prairie-clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dalea compacta
Compact Prairie Clover, Purple Prairie Clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Dalea compacta var. pubescens
Compact Prairie Clover, Purple Prairie Clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Dalea enneandra
Nine-anther Prairie Clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Dry

Dalea formosa
Featherplume, Feather Dalea, Indigobush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dalea frutescens
Black Dalea, Black Prairie Clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dalea greggii
Gregg Dalea, Gregg's Prairie Clover, Trailing Indigo Bush, Indigo Bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Dalea hallii
Hall's Prairie Clover, Hall's Dalea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Dalea lasiathera
Purple Dalea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Dalea multiflora
Roundhead Prairie Clover, White Prairie Clover, Round Headed Dalea, Round Headed Clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dalea nana
Dwarf Prairie Clover, Dwarf Dalea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Dalea phleoides
Slimspike Prairie Clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Dalea phleoides var. microphylla
Slimspike Prairie Clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Dalea pogonathera
Bearded Prairie Clover, Bearded Dalea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Dalea purpurea
Purple Prairie Clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dalea purpurea var. purpurea
Purple Prairie Clover, Violet Prairie Clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Dalea villosa
Silky Prairie Clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Dalea wrightii
Wright's Prairie Clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Danthonia sericea
Downy Danthonia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water: Dry

Danthonia spicata
Poverty Oatgrass, Poverty Wild Oat Grass, Curly Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Dasylirion texanum
Texas Sotol, Sotol

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dasyochloa pulchella
Fluff Grass, Low Woollygrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Daucosma laciniata
Daucosma, Meadow Parasol

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Daucus pusillus
American Wild Carrot, Rattlesnake-weed, Wild Carrot

Duration: Annual, Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Decodon verticillatus
Swamp Loosestrife, Swamp-loosestrife, Water Willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Delphinium carolinianum
Prairie Larkspur, Carolina Larkspur, Blue Larkspur

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Delphinium carolinianum ssp. vimineum
Carolina Larkspur, Prairie Larkspur

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Delphinium carolinianum ssp. virescens
Carolina Larkspur, Prairie Larkspur, Plains Larkspur

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Descurainia pinnata
Western Tansymustard, Tansy-mustard

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Desmanthus acuminatus
Sharp Pod Bundleflower, Wild Tantan

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub, Shrub
Light:
Water:

Desmanthus glandulosus
Glandular Bundleflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Desmanthus illinoensis
Illinois Bundleflower, Bundleflower, Prairie Bundle Flower, Prickleweed, Illinois Desmanthus, Prairie Mimosa

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Desmanthus leptolobus
Slenderlobe Bundleflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Desmanthus obtusus
Bluntpod Bundleflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Desmanthus velutinus
Velvet Bundleflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Desmanthus virgatus
Prostrate Bundleflower, Wild Tantan, Slender Mimosa

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Desmodium canescens
Hoary Ticktrefoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Desmodium ciliare
Hairy Small-leaf Ticktrefoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Desmodium ciliare var. ciliare
Hairy Small-leaf Ticktrefoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Desmodium cuspidatum
Largebract Ticktrefoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water:

Desmodium glutinosum
Pointedleaf Ticktrefoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Desmodium marilandicum
Smooth Small-leaf Ticktrefoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Desmodium nudiflorum
Nakedflower Ticktrefoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Desmodium nuttallii
Nuttall's Ticktrefoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water:

Desmodium obtusum
Stiff Ticktrefoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Desmodium paniculatum
Panicledleaf Ticktrefoil, Panicled Tick Trefoil, Velcro Vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Desmodium rotundifolium
Prostrate Ticktrefoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Desmodium sessilifolium
Sessileleaf Ticktrefoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dichanthelium aciculare
Needleleaf Rosette Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Dichanthelium acuminatum
Tapered Rosette Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Dichanthelium clandestinum
Deertongue, Deer-tongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Dichanthelium commutatum
Variable Panicgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Dichanthelium depauperatum
Starved Panicgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Dichanthelium dichotomum
Cypress Panicgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Dichanthelium laxiflorum
Openflower Rosette Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Dichanthelium linearifolium
Slimleaf Panicgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Dichanthelium oligosanthes
Heller's Rosette Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Dichanthelium oligosanthes var. oligosanthes
Heller's Rosette Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Dichanthelium ovale
Eggleaf Rosette Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Dichanthelium pedicellatum
Cedar Rosette Grass, Corm-based Panicgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Dichanthelium ravenelii
Ravenel's Rosette Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Dichanthelium sabulorum
Hemlock Rosette Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Dichanthelium sabulorum var. thinium
Hemlock Rosette Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Dichanthelium scabriusculum
Woolly Rosette Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Dichanthelium scoparium
Velvet Panicum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Dichanthelium sphaerocarpon
Roundseed Panicgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Dichanthelium spretum
Eaton's Rosette Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Dichondra carolinensis
Carolina Ponyfoot, Ponyfoot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Dichondra recurvata
Oakwoods Ponysfoot, Oakwoods Ponyfoot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Dicliptera brachiata
Branched Dicliptera, Branched Foldwing

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Digitaria bicornis
Asian Crabgrass

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Digitaria californica
Arizona Cottontop, California Cottontop, California Crab Grass, Cottontop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Digitaria ciliaris
Southern Crabgrass

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Digitaria cognata
Carolina Crabgrass, Fall Witchgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Digitaria filiformis
Slender Crabgrass

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Digitaria patens
Texas Cottontop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Digitaria pubiflora
Carolina Crabgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Diodia teres
Poorjoe

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Diodia virginiana
Virginia Buttonweed, Buttonweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Dioscorea quaternata
Fourleaf Yam

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light:
Water:

Dioscorea villosa
Wild Yam

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Diospyros texana
Texas Persimmon, Mexican Persimmon, Black Persimmon, Chapote, Chapote Prieto

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Diospyros virginiana
Common Persimmon, Eastern Persimmon, Possumwood, Date Plum, Winter Plum, Jove's Fruit

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Distichlis spicata
Saltgrass, Coastal Salt Grass, Inland Salt-grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Ditrysinia fruticosa
Gulf Sebastian-bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub, Shrub
Light:
Water:

Dodecatheon meadia
Eastern Shooting Star, Shooting Star, Pride Of Ohio, Roosterheads, Prairie Pointers

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Doellingeria sericocarpoides
Southern Whitetop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Draba brachycarpa
Shortpod Draba

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Draba cuneifolia
Wedgeleaf Draba, Whitlow-grass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Dracopis amplexicaulis
Clasping Coneflower, Clasping-leaf Coneflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Drosera brevifolia
Dwarf Sundew, Spatulate-leaved Sundew

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Drosera capillaris
Pink Sundew

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Drosera intermedia
Spoonleaf Sundew

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Drosera tracyi
Tracy's Sundew

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Dryopteris celsa
Log Fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light:
Water:

Dryopteris ludoviciana
Southern Woodfern, Florida Shieldfern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Dulichium arundinaceum
Threeway Sedge, Three-sided Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Dyschoriste linearis
Snake Herb, Polkadots, Narrowleaf Dyschoriste

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Dysodiopsis tagetoides
False Dogfennel, Dogweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Echinacea angustifolia
Black Samson, Black Samson Echinacea, Narrow-leaf Coneflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Echinacea atrorubens
Topeka Purple Coneflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Echinacea pallida
Pale Purple Coneflower, Pale Coneflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Echinacea purpurea
Eastern Purple Coneflower, Purple Coneflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Echinacea sanguinea
Sanguine Purple Coneflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Echinocactus horizonthalonius
Devilshead, Eagle Claws, Turk's Head, Devil's Head

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Echinocactus horizonthalonius var. horizonthalonius
Devilshead, Turk's Head, Devil's Head, Manca Caballo, Bluebarrel Cactus, Visnaga Meloncillo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light:
Water:

Echinocactus texensis
Horse Crippler, Horse Crippler Cactus, Devil's Head, Chisos Hedgehog Cactus, Chisos Hedgehog

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Echinocereus coccineus
Scarlet Hedgehog Cactus, Claret Cup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light:
Water:

Echinocereus coccineus var. paucispinus
Scarlet Hedgehog Cactus, Claret Cup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Echinocereus enneacanthus
Pitaya, Strawberry Cactus, Banana Cactus, Cob Cactus, Purple Pitaya, Strawberry Hedgehog Cactus, Prostrate Hedgehog Cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Echinocereus enneacanthus var. brevispinus
Pitaya

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light:
Water:

Echinocereus pectinatus
Rainbow Cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Echinochloa muricata
American Barnyard Grass, Rough Barnyard Grass, Barnyard Grass, American Cockspur Grass, Wild Millet

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Echinochloa walteri
Coast Cockspur Grass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Echinodorus berteroi
Upright Burrhead

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Echinodorus cordifolius
Creeping Burhead, Lance-leaf Burhead, Radican Sword, Burhead, Creeping Water-plantain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Wet

Echinodorus tenellus
Mudbabies

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eclipta prostrata
Pie Plant, False Daisy, Eclipta

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ehretia anacua
Anacua, Sugarberry Anacua, Anaqua, Anacahuita, Knockaway, Knackaway, Sandpaper Tree, Manzanita, Manzanillo, Tlalahuacate

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Eleocharis acicularis
Needle Spikerush

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Eleocharis atropurpurea
Purple Spikerush

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eleocharis cellulosa
Gulf Coast Spikerush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eleocharis compressa var. acutisquamata
Sharpscale Spikerush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eleocharis engelmannii
Engelmann's Spikerush

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eleocharis equisetoides
Jointed Spikesedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Eleocharis flavescens
Yellow Spikerush, Pale Spike-rush, Wrinkle-sheathed Spike-rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eleocharis interstincta
Knotted Spikerush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eleocharis macrostachya
Pale Spikerush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eleocharis microcarpa
Smallfruit Spikerush

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eleocharis minima
Small Spikerush

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eleocharis montevidensis
Sand Spikerush, Spike Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Eleocharis obtusa
Blunt Spikerush

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Eleocharis parvula
Dwarf Spikerush

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Eleocharis quadrangulata
Squarestem Spikerush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Eleocharis reverchonii
Reverchon's Spikerush

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eleocharis rostellata
Beaked Spikerush, Leap Frog Spike Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Eleocharis tenuis
Slender Spikerush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Eleocharis tortilis
Twisted Spikerush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eleocharis tuberculosa
Cone-cup Spikerush, Tubercled Spikerush, Long-tubercled Spikerush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Elephantopus carolinianus
Carolina Elephantsfoot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Elephantopus tomentosus
Elephant's-foot, Common Elephant's-foot, Devil's Grandmother

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Elionurus tripsacoides
Pan American Balsamscale

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Elymus canadensis
Canada Wild Rye, Canadian Wildrye, Prairie Wildrye, Nodding Wildrye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Elymus virginicus
Virginia Wild Rye, Virginia Wildrye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Elymus virginicus var. virginicus
Virginia Wildrye, Virginia Wild Rye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Engelmannia peristenia
Engelmann's Daisy, Engelmann Daisy, Cutleaf Daisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Ephedra antisyphilitica
Mormon Tea, Joint-fir, Clapweed, Popote

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ephedra aspera
Rough Jointfir

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Ephedra pedunculata
Vine Jointfir

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Epifagus virginiana
Beechdrops

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Epipactis gigantea
Stream Orchid, Chatterbox Orchid, Giant Hellebore

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Epithelantha micromeris
Pingpong Ball Cactus, Button Cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Equisetum hyemale
Scouring-rush Horsetail, Horsetail, Scouring Rush, Canuela

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Equisetum hyemale var. affine
Scouring-rush Horsetail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Equisetum laevigatum
Smooth Horsetail, Horsetail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Eragrostis capillaris
Lace Grass , Lace Lovegrass, Lace Love Grass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eragrostis curtipedicellata
Gummy Lovegrass, Gummy Love Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eragrostis elliottii
Field Lovegrass , Field Love Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eragrostis hirsuta
Bigtop Lovegrass , Bigtop Love Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eragrostis hypnoides
Teal Lovegrass , Teal Love Grass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eragrostis intermedia
Plains Lovegrass, Plains Love Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Eragrostis lugens
Mourning Lovegrass , Mourning Love Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eragrostis palmeri
Rio Grande Lovegrass, Rio Grande Love Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Eragrostis pectinacea
Tufted Lovegrass, Tufted Love Grass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eragrostis pectinacea var. pectinacea
Tufted Lovegrass, Tufted Love Grass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eragrostis refracta
Coastal Lovegrass , Coastal Love Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eragrostis secundiflora
Red Lovegrass , Red Love Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eragrostis secundiflora ssp. oxylepis
Red Lovegrass, Red Love Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Eragrostis spectabilis
Purple Lovegrass, Purple Love Grass, Purple Plains Lovegrass, Tumblegrass, Petticoat Climber

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Eragrostis trichodes
Sand Lovegrass, Sand Love Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Erigeron annuus
Eastern Daisy Fleabane, Daisy Fleabane

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Erigeron colomexicanus
Running Fleabane, Sprawling Daisy

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Erigeron geiseri
Geiser's Fleabane

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Erigeron modestus
Plains Fleabane, Prairie Fleabane

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Erigeron philadelphicus
Philadelphia Fleabane, Fleabane Daisy

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Erigeron philadelphicus var. philadelphicus
Philadelphia Fleabane

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Erigeron procumbens
Corpus Christi Fleabane

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Erigeron pulchellus
Robin's Plantain, Poor Robin's Plantain, Rose Petty, Robert's Plantain, Blue Spring-daisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Erigeron pulchellus var. pulchellus
Robin's Plantain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Erigeron strigosus
Prairie Fleabane, Daisy Fleabane

Duration: Annual, Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Erigeron tenuis
Slenderleaf Fleabane

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eriocaulon compressum
Flattened Pipewort, Hat Pins

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Eriocaulon decangulare
Ten-angle Pipewort, Pipewort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Eriocaulon koernickianum
Gulf Pipewort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eriocaulon texense
Texas Pipewort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eriochloa sericea
Texas Cupgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Eriogonum annuum
Annual Buckwheat, Annual Wild Buckwheat, Umbrella Plant

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Eriogonum longifolium
Longleaf Buckwheat, Longleaf Wild Buckwheat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eriogonum longifolium var. longifolium
Longleaf Buckwheat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eriogonum multiflorum
Wild Buckwheat, Heart-sepal Buckwheat, Heart-sepal Wild Buckwheat

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Erioneuron pilosum
Hairy Woollygrass, Hairy Tridens

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Erodium texanum
Texas Stork's Bill, Stork's Bill, Pine Needle, Fillaree

Duration: Annual, Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Eryngium diffusum
Spreading Eryngo

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eryngium hookeri
Hooker's Eryngo

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eryngium integrifolium
Blueflower Eryngo, Blue-flower Coyote-thistle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eryngium leavenworthii
Leavenworth's Eryngo, Eryngo, False Purple Thistle

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Eryngium prostratum
Eryngium

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eryngium yuccifolium
Rattlesnake Master, Button Eryngo, Button Snakeroot, Beargrass, Bear's Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Eryngium yuccifolium var. yuccifolium
Button Eryngo, Rattlesnake-master, Button Snake-root

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Erythrina herbacea
Coralbean, Cherokee Bean, Red Cardinal

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Erythronium albidum
White Troutlily, White Dogtooth-violet, White Fawnlily, Adder's-tongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Erythronium mesochoreum
Midland Fawnlily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Erythronium rostratum
Yellow Troutlily, Dog-tooth Violet, Yellow Fawnlily, Beaked Troutlily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Escobaria missouriensis
Missouri Foxtail Cactus, Plains Nipple Cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Eubotrys racemosus
Swamp Sweetbells, Swamp Doghobble, Sweetbells Leucothoe, Sweetbells, Deciduous Swamp Fetterbush, Coastal Fetterbush, Swamp Leucothoe

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Euonymus americanus
American Strawberry Bush, Strawberry Bush, Brook Euonymus, Hearts-a-burstin, Bursting Heart, Wahoo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Euonymus atropurpureus
Burningbush, Eastern Wahoo, Burning Bush, Wahoo, Waahoo, Whahoo, Spindle Tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Eupatorium altissimum
Tall Thoroughwort, Tall Boneset

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eupatorium capillifolium
Dogfennel, Dog Fennel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eupatorium compositifolium
Yankeeweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eupatorium glaucescens
Waxy Thoroughwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eupatorium leucolepis
Justiceweed, White-bracted Thoroughwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eupatorium mohrii
Mohr's Thoroughwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Eupatorium perfoliatum
Common Boneset

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Eupatorium perfoliatum var. perfoliatum
Common Boneset

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Eupatorium rotundifolium
Roundleaf Thoroughwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eupatorium semiserratum
Smallflower Thoroughwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eupatorium serotinum
Lateflowering Thoroughwort, White Boneset, Late Boneset, Late-flowering Boneset

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Euphorbia antisyphilitica
Candelilla, Wax Plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Euphorbia bicolor
Snow On The Prairie, Snow-on-the-prairie

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Euphorbia corollata
Flowering Spurge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Euphorbia cyathophora
Wild Poinsettia, Poinsettia, Fire On The Mountain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Euphorbia dentata
Toothed Spurge, Toothed-leaf Poinsettia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Euphorbia heterophylla
Mexican Fireplant, Wild Poinsettia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Euphorbia hexagona
Sixangle Spurge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Euphorbia longicruris
Wedgeleaf Spurge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Euphorbia marginata
Snow On The Mountain, Snow-on-the-mountain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Euphorbia spathulata
Warty Spurge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Euphorbia tetrapora
Weak Spurge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Euphorbia texana
Texas Spurge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eurybia hemispherica
Southern Prairie Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eurytaenia texana
Texas Spreadwing

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eustoma exaltatum
Catchfly Prairie Gentian, Bluebell Gentian, Western Blue Gentian, Blue Marsh Lily, Small Bluebell, Catchfly Gentian, Seaside Gentian

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Eustoma exaltatum ssp. russellianum
Texas Bluebells, Texas Bluebell, Bluebell, Showy Prairie Gentian, Prairie Gentian

Duration: Annual, Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Euthamia graminifolia
Flat-top Goldentop, Grass-leaved Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Euthamia graminifolia var. graminifolia
Flat-top Goldentop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Euthamia gymnospermoides
Texas Goldentop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Euthamia leptocephala
Bushy Goldentop, Slender-headed Euthamia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eutrochium fistulosum
Joe-pye Weed, Trumpetweed, Queen Of The Meadow, Hollow Joe-pye Weed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Evax candida
Silver Pygmycudweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Evax prolifera
Bighead Pygmycudweed, Rabbit Tobacco

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Evax verna
Spring Pygmycudweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Evax verna var. verna
Spring Pygmycudweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Evolvulus alsinoides
Slender Dwarf Morning-glory

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Evolvulus alsinoides var. angustifolius
Slender Dwarf Morning-glory

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Evolvulus nuttallianus
Shaggy Dwarf Morning-glory, Shaggy Evolvulus, Silky Evolvulus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Evolvulus sericeus
Silver Dwarf Morning-glory, White Evolvulus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Evolvulus sericeus var. sericeus
Silver Dwarf Morning-glory

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eysenhardtia texana
Texas Kidneywood, Kidneywood, Bee Brush, Vara Dulce, Palo Dulce

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Fagus grandifolia
American Beech, White Beech, Red Beech, Ridge Beech, Beechnut Tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Fallugia paradoxa
Apache Plume, Ponil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Fendlera rupicola
Cliff Fendlerbush, False Mock-orange

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Fendlera wrightii
Wright's Fendlerbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Ferocactus hamatacanthus
Turk's Head, Turk's Head Cactus, Texas Barrel Cactus, Giant Fishhook Cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Ferocactus hamatacanthus var. hamatacanthus
Turk's Head

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light:
Water:

Festuca subverticillata
Nodding Fescue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Fimbristylis autumnalis
Slender Fimbry

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Fimbristylis castanea
Marsh Fimbry, Saltmarsh Fimbristylis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Fimbristylis puberula
Hairy Fimbry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Fimbristylis vahlii
Vahl's Fimbry

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Flaveria trinervia
Clustered Yellowtops

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Fleischmannia incarnata
Pink Thoroughwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Flourensia cernua
American Tarwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Flyriella parryi
Chisos Mountain Brickellbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Forestiera acuminata
Eastern Swamp Privet, Swamp Privet, Texas Privet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Forestiera angustifolia
Narrow-leaf Forestiera, Tanglewood, Desert Olive, Texas Swamp-privet, Panalero

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Forestiera ligustrina
Upland Swampprivet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Forestiera pubescens
Elbow Bush, Stretchberry, Spring Herald, Desert Olive, Tanglewood, Devil's Elbow, Spring Goldenglow, New Mexico Privet, Texas Forsythia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Forestiera reticulata
Net-leaf Forestiera, Netleaf Swampprivet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Fouquieria splendens
Ocotillo, Devil's Walking Stick, Candlewood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Fragaria virginiana
Virginia Strawberry, Wild Strawberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Frangula caroliniana
Carolina Buckthorn, Carolina False Buckthorn, Yellow Buckthorn, Indian Cherry, Yellowwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Fraxinus albicans
Texas Ash, Mountain Ash

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Fraxinus americana
White Ash, American Ash, Cane Ash, Smallseed White Ash, Biltmore White Ash, Biltmore Ash

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Fraxinus berlandieriana
Mexican Ash, Berlandier Ash, Berlandier's Ash, Plumero

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Fraxinus caroliniana
Carolina Ash, Pop Ash, Water Ash, Swamp Ash, Florida Ash, Poppy Ash

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade
Water:

Fraxinus greggii
Gregg's Ash, Gregg Ash, Littleleaf Ash, Dogleg Ash, Escobilla, Barreta China

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Fraxinus pennsylvanica
Green Ash, Red Ash, Swamp Ash, River Ash, Water Ash, Darlington Ash

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Froelichia floridana
Plains Snakecotton, Snake-cotton

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Froelichia gracilis
Slender Snakecotton, Snake-cotton

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Fuirena bushii
Bush's Umbrella-sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Fuirena simplex
Western Umbrella-sedge, Umbrellagrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Fuirena simplex var. simplex
Western Umbrella-sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Fuirena squarrosa
Hairy Umbrella Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Funastrum crispum
Wavy-leaf Milkweed Vine, Wavyleaf Twinevine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Funastrum cynanchoides
Fringed Twinevine, Climbing Milkweed Vine, Twine-vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Funastrum cynanchoides ssp. cynanchoides
Fringed Twinevine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Gaillardia aestivalis
Lanceleaf Blanketflower, Winkler Gaillardia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Gaillardia aestivalis var. aestivalis
Lanceleaf Blanketflower, Prairie Gaillardia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Gaillardia aestivalis var. winkleri
Winkler's Blanketflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Gaillardia amblyodon
Maroon Blanketflower, Red Gaillardia, Red Indian Blanket

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Gaillardia pulchella
Indian Blanket, Firewheel, Girasol Rojo

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Gaillardia pulchella var. pulchella
Indian Blanket, Firewheel

Duration: Annual, Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Gaillardia suavis
Pincushion Daisy, Fragrant Gaillardia, Rayless Gaillardia, Perfumeballs

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Galactia marginalis
Edible Milkpea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Galactia texana
Texas Milkpea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Galactia volubilis
Downy Milkpea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Galium aparine
Stickywilly, Catchweed Bedstraw, Cleavers

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light: Shade
Water:

Galium circaezans
Licorice Bedstraw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Galium obtusum
Bluntleaf Bedstraw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Galium obtusum ssp. obtusum
Bluntleaf Bedstraw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Galium pilosum
Hairy Bedstraw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Galium proliferum
Limestone Bedstraw

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Galium texense
Texas Bedstraw

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Galium tinctorium
Stiff Marsh Bedstraw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Galium uncinulatum
Bristly Bedstraw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Galium uniflorum
Oneflower Bedstraw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Galium virgatum
Southwest Bedstraw, Southwestern Bedstraw

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Galphimia angustifolia
Narrow-leaf Goldshower, Narrowleaf Goldshower, Thryallis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Gamochaeta argyrinea
Silvery Everlasting

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Gamochaeta falcata
Narrowleaf Purple Everlasting

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Gamochaeta pensylvanica
Pennsylvania Everlasting

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Gamochaeta purpurea
Spoonleaf Purple Everlasting

Duration: Annual, Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Gelsemium sempervirens
Carolina Jessamine, Yellow Jessamine, Evening Trumpetflower, Poor Man's Rope

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Gentiana saponaria
Harvestbells, Soapwort Gentian

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Geranium carolinianum
Carolina Geranium, Wild Geranium, Carolina Cranesbill

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Geranium texanum
Texas Geranium

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Geum canadense
White Avens

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Gilia tricolor
Bird's-eye Gilia, Bird's-eyes

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Giliastrum acerosum
Bluebowls, Prickleleaf Gilia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Giliastrum incisum
Splitleaf Gilia, Split-leaf Gilia, Cut-leaf Gilia

Duration: Annual, Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Giliastrum rigidulum
Bluebowls, Blue Gilia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Gillenia stipulata
American Ipecac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Glandularia bipinnatifida
Prairie Verbena, Purple Prairie Verbena, Dakota Vervain, Dakota Mock Vervain, Moradilla, Alfombrilla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Glandularia bipinnatifida var. bipinnatifida
Prairie Verbena, Purple Prairie Verbena, Dakota Mock Vervain, Dakota Vervain

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Glandularia canadensis
Rose Vervain, Sweet William, Rose Mock Vervain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Glandularia pumila
Dwarf Vervain, Low Verbena, Pink Mock Vervain, Pink Verbena, Wild Vervain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Glandularia quandrangulata
Beaked Mock Vervain, Pale Mock Vervain, Chihuahuan Mock Vervain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Glandularia tumidula
Plains Mock Vervain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Glandulicactus uncinatus
Chihuahuan Fishhook Cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light:
Water:

Glandulicactus uncinatus var. wrightii
Chihuahuan Fishhook Cactus, Brown-flowered Hedgehog Cactus, Catclaw Cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light:
Water:

Gleditsia aquatica
Water Locust, Swamp Locust

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Gleditsia triacanthos
Honey Locust, Common Honey Locust, Thorny Common Honey Locust, Honey Shucks Locust, Sweet Locust, Thorny Locust, Honey Shucks, Sweet Bean Tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Glyceria septentrionalis
Floating Mannagrass, Northern Mannagrass, Eastern Mannagrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water: Wet

Glyceria striata
Fowl Mannagrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Gomphrena haageana
Rio Grande Globe Amaranth

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Gomphrena serrata
Arrasa Con Todo

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Gossypianthus lanuginosus
Woolly Cottonflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Gossypium hirsutum
Upland Cotton

Duration: Annual
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Gratiola brevifolia
Sticky Hedgehyssop

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Gratiola flava
Yellow Hedgehyssop

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Gratiola neglecta
Clammy Hedgehyssop

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Gratiola pilosa
Shaggy Hedgehyssop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Gratiola virginiana
Roundfruit Hedgehyssop

Duration: Annual, Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Grindelia grandiflora
Manyray Gumweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Grindelia lanceolata
Narrowleaf Gumweed, Fall Gumweed

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Grindelia lanceolata var. lanceolata
Narrowleaf Gumweed

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Grindelia papposa
Spanish Gold, Clasping-leaved Haplopappus, Saw-leaf Daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Grindelia squarrosa
Curlycup Gumweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Dry

Grusonia schottii
Dog Cholla, Big Bend Pricklypear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Guaiacum angustifolium
Texas Lignum-vitae, Soapbush, Guayacan

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Gutierrezia microcephala
Threadleaf Snakeweed, Threadleaf Broomweed, Smallhead Snakeweed, Littlehead Snakeweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Gutierrezia sarothrae
Broom Snakeweed, Kindlingweed, Matchbrush, Texas Snakeweed, Broomweed, Turpentine Weed, Matchweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Gutierrezia sphaerocephala
Roundleaf Snakeweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Gutierrezia texana
Texas Snakeweed

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Gymnocladus dioicus
Kentucky Coffeetree, Stump Tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Gymnopogon ambiguus
Bearded Skeletongrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Gymnosperma glutinosum
Gumhead, Tatalencho

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Habenaria repens
Waterspider Bog Orchid, Water-spider Orchid

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Habranthus tubispathus
Copper Lily, Rio Grande Copper-lily, Rio Grande Copperlily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Hackelia virginiana
Beggarslice, Beggar's-lice, Stickseed, Sticktight, Wild Comfrey, Virginia Stickseed

Duration: Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Halesia diptera
Two-wing Silverbell, Two-winged Silverbell, Silverbell, American Snowdrop Tree, Snowdrop Tree, Snowbell, Cowlicks

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Hamamelis vernalis
Ozark Witch-hazel, Vernal Witch-hazel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Hamamelis virginiana
Witch-hazel, American Witch-hazel, Common Witch-hazel, Winterbloom, Snapping Hazelnut, Striped Alder, Spotted Alder, Tobacco-wood, Water-witch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Haploesthes greggii
False Broomweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Haploesthes greggii var. texana
Texas False Broomweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub, Shrub
Light:
Water:

Hedeoma acinoides
Slender False Pennyroyal, Annual Pennyroyal, Slender Hedeoma

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Hedeoma drummondii
Drummond's False Pennyroyal, Limoncillo, Mock Pennyroyal

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Hedeoma hispida
Rough False Pennyroyal

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hedeoma reverchonii
Reverchon's False Pennyroyal

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Hedeoma reverchonii var. reverchonii
Reverchon's False Pennyroyal, Rock Hedeoma

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Hedeoma reverchonii var. serpyllifolia
Reverchon's False Pennyroyal, Rock Hedeoma

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helenium amarum
Yellow Sneezeweed, Bitterweed, Yellow Bitterweed, Yellowdicks, Slender-leaved Sneezeweed, Fine-leaved Sneezweed, Yellow Dog-fennel

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Helenium amarum var. amarum
Yellowdicks, Yellow Bitterweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helenium drummondii
Fringed Sneezeweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helenium elegans
Pretty Sneezeweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helenium flexuosum
Purplehead Sneezeweed, Purple-head Sneezeweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Helenium microcephalum
Smallhead Sneezeweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helianthemum carolinianum
Carolina Frostweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helianthemum georgianum
Georgia Frostweed, Rockrose, Georgia Sunrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helianthemum rosmarinifolium
Rosemary Frostweed, Sun Rose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Helianthus angustifolius
Swamp Sunflower, Narrowleaf Sunflower, Narrow-leaved Sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Helianthus annuus
Common Sunflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Helianthus ciliaris
Texas Blueweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helianthus debilis
Beach Sunflower, Cucumber-leaf Sunflower, Cucumberleaf Sunflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Helianthus grosseserratus
Sawtooth Sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Helianthus hirsutus
Hairy Sunflower, Rough Sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helianthus maximiliani
Maximilian Sunflower, Max Sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Helianthus mollis
Ashy Sunflower, Downy Sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helianthus occidentalis
Fewleaf Sunflower, Western Sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Helianthus pauciflorus
Stiff Sunflower, Prairie Sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helianthus pauciflorus ssp. pauciflorus
Stiff Sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Heliopsis helianthoides
Smooth Oxeye, Oxeye Sunflower, False Sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Heliopsis helianthoides var. scabra
Smooth Oxeye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Heliotropium confertifolium
Leafy Heliotrope

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Heliotropium convolvulaceum
Phlox Heliotrope, Fragrant Heliotrope

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Heliotropium curassavicum
Salt Heliotrope, Seaside Heliotrope, Quail Plant, Cola De Mico, Cola De Gama

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Heliotropium procumbens
Fourspike Heliotrope

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Heliotropium tenellum
Pasture Heliotrope, White Heliotrope

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Heliotropium torreyi
Slimleaf Heliotrope

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub, Shrub
Light:
Water:

Herbertia lahue
Prairie Nymph, Herbertia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Herbertia lahue ssp. caerulea
Prairie Nymph, Herbertia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Hermannia texana
Mexican Mallow, Texas Burstwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hesperaloe funifera
Giant Hesperaloe, New Mexico False Yucca, Samandoce

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Hesperaloe parviflora
Red Yucca, Coral Yucca, Red-flowered False Yucca, Redflower False Yucca, Yellow Yucca, Hummingbird Yucca, Samandoque

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Heteranthera dubia
Grassleaf Mudplantain, Water Stargrass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Heteranthera limosa
Blue Mud Plantain, Blue Mudplantain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Heteropogon contortus
Tanglehead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Heterotheca fulcrata
Rockyscree False Goldenaster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Heterotheca subaxillaris
Camphorweed, Camphor Weed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Heterotheca villosa
Hairy False Goldenaster, Hairy Golden-aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Hexalectris spicata
Spiked Crested Coralroot, Spiked Crested Coral Root

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hibiscus aculeatus
Comfortroot, Big Thicket Hibiscus, Pineland Hibiscus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Hibiscus coulteri
Desert Rosemallow, Desert Rose-mallow, Coulter Hibiscus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Hibiscus laevis
Halberdleaf Rosemallow, Halberdleaf Hibiscus, Scarlet Rose Mallow, Halberd-leaved Hibiscus, Halberd-leaved Rose-mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Hibiscus lasiocarpos
Woolly Rose-mallow, Woolly Mallow, Rose-mallow, False Cotton

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Hibiscus martianus
Heartleaf Rosemallow, Tulipan Del Monte, Heartleaf Hibiscus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Hibiscus moscheutos
Crimson-eyed Rose-mallow, Marshmallow Hibiscus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Hibiscus striatus
Striped Rosemallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Hibiscus striatus ssp. lambertianus
Striped Rosemallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Hieracium gronovii
Queendevil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hieracium longipilum
Hairy Hawkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Hilaria belangeri
Curly Mesquite Grass, Curly Mesquite

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Hilaria belangeri var. belangeri
Curly-mesquite

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Hoffmannseggia glauca
Indian Rushpea, Indian Rush-pea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hoffmannseggia oxycarpa
Sharppod Rushpea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Hordeum jubatum
Foxtail Barley

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Hordeum jubatum ssp. jubatum
Foxtail Barley, Squirreltail Barley, Skunktail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Hordeum pusillum
Little Barley

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Hottonia inflata
American Featherfoil, Featherfoil

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Houstonia acerosa
Needleleaf Bluet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Houstonia micrantha
Southern Bluet

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Houstonia purpurea
Venus's Pride, Large Houstonia, Woodland Bluets, Purple Bluets, Mountain Bluets

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Houstonia pusilla
Tiny Bluets, Small Bluets, Star Violet

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Houstonia rosea
Rose Bluet

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hunzikeria texana
Texas Cupflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Hybanthus verticillatus
Babyslippers, Nodding Green Violet, Green Violet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Hydrocotyle bonariensis
Largeleaf Pennywort, Salt Pennywort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hydrocotyle ranunculoides
Floating Marshpennywort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hydrocotyle umbellata
Manyflower Marsh-pennywort, Many-flowered Marsh-pennywort, Marsh Pennywort, Water Pennywort, Money Plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Hydrocotyle verticillata
Whorled Marshpennywort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hydrolea ovata
Blue Waterleaf, Ovate False Fiddleleaf, Hairy Hydrolea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Hygrophila lacustris
Gulf Swampweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hymenocallis liriosme
Texas Spiderlily, Spring Spiderlily, Spiderlily, Louisiana Spiderlily, Western Marsh Spiderlily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Hymenoclea monogyra
Singlewhorl Burrobrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Hymenopappus artemisiifolius
Oldplainsman, Woolly-white, Old Plainsman

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Hymenopappus artemisiifolius var. artemisiifolius
Oldplainsman

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hymenopappus carrizoanus
Carrizo Sands Woollywhite

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hymenopappus scabiosaeus
Carolina Woollywhite, Old Plainsman, Woolly-white

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hymenopappus scabiosaeus var. corymbosus
Carolina Woollywhite, Old Plainsman

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hymenopappus tenuifolius
Chalk Hill Hymenopappus

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hymenoxys odorata
Bitter Rubberweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hymenoxys texana
Texas Prairie Dawn, Prairie Dawn, Prairiedawn, Texas Prairie Dawn-flower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hypericum cistifolium
Roundpod St. John's-wort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Hypericum crux-andreae
St. Peter's-wort, Atlantic St. Peter's-wort, St. Peter's Cross, St. John's-wort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Hypericum drummondii
Nits And Lice, Drummond's St. John's-wort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hypericum frondosum
Cedarglade St. John's-wort, Golden St. John's-wort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Hypericum gentianoides
Orangegrass, Pineweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Hypericum gymnanthum
Claspingleaf St. John's-wort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hypericum hypericoides
St. Andrew's-cross

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Hypericum mutilum
Dwarf St. John's-wort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Hypericum nudiflorum
Early St. John's-wort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub, Shrub
Light:
Water:

Hypericum prolificum
Shrubby St. John's-wort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Hypericum punctatum
Spotted St. John's-wort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Hypericum setosum
Hairy St. John's-wort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hypericum sphaerocarpum
Roundseed St. John's-wort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hypoxis curtissii
Curtis' Star-grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hypoxis hirsuta
Common Goldstar, Yellow Star-grass, Eastern Yellow Star-grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Hypoxis wrightii
Wright's Star-grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hyptis alata
Clustered Bushmint

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Ibervillea lindheimeri
Balsam Gourd, Lindheimer's Globeberry, Globe Berry, Snake-apple, Balsam-apple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Ibervillea tenuisecta
Slimlobe Globeberry, Cutleaf Globe Berry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Ilex ambigua
Carolina Holly, Sand Holly, Possum Holly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Ilex coriacea
Baygall Bush, Large Gallberry, Gallberry, Tall Inkberry Holly, Inkberry Holly, Shining Inkberry, Inkberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ilex decidua
Possumhaw, Possumhaw Holly, Deciduous Holly, Meadow Holly, Prairie Holly, Swamp Holly, Welk Holly, Deciduous Yaupon, Bearberry, Winterberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ilex opaca
American Holly, White Holly, Prickly Holly, Evergreen Holly, Christmas Holly, Yule Holly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Dry

Ilex verticillata
Common Winterberry, Winterberry, Michigan Holly, Black Alder

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Ilex vomitoria
Yaupon, Yaupon Holly, Cassina

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Impatiens capensis
Jewelweed, Orange Jewelweed, Spotted Touch-me-not

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Indigofera lindheimeriana
Lindheimer's Indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Indigofera miniata
Scarlet Pea, Coastal Indigo, Texas Indigo, Western Indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Indigofera suffruticosa
Anil De Pasto

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Ionactis linariifolius
Flaxleaf Whitetop Aster, Stiff Aster, Flaxleaf Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Ipomoea alba
Moonflower, Moon Vine, Tropical White Morning Glory

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Ipomoea cordatotriloba
Tievine, Purple Bindweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Ipomoea cordatotriloba var. cordatotriloba
Tievine, Sharp-pod Morning Glory, Purple Bindweed, Tie Vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Ipomoea cordatotriloba var. torreyana
Torrey's Tievine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light:
Water:

Ipomoea lindheimeri
Lindheimer's Morning-glory, Blue Morning Glory

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Ipomoea pandurata
Man Of The Earth, Wild Potato, Wild Sweet Potato, Manroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ipomoea sagittata
Saltmarsh Morning-glory, Salt-marsh Morning Glory

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Ipomopsis rubra
Standing Cypress, Texas Plume, Red Texas Star, Red Gilia

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Iresine rhizomatosa
Judas Bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Iris brevicaulis
Zigzag Iris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Iris hexagona
Dixie Iris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Iris virginica
Virginia Iris, Great Blue Flag, Southern Blue Flag

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Isoetes melanopoda
Blackfoot Quillwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Isolepis carinata
Keeled Bulrush

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Isolepis molesta
Gulf Coast Bulrush

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Isotria verticillata
Large Whorled Pogonia, Purple Fiveleaf Orchid

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Itea virginica
Virginia Sweetspire, Tassel-white, Virginia Willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Iva angustifolia
Narrowleaf Marshelder, Narrow-leaf Sumpweed, Narrowleaf Marsh Elder

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Iva annua
Annual Marshelder, Marshelder, Sumpweed, Annual Marsh Elder, Marsh Elder

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Iva frutescens
Jesuit's Bark, High-tide Bush, High-water Shrub, Marsh Elder, Bigleaf Marsh Elder

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Jacquemontia tamnifolia
Hairy Clustervine, Hairy Cluster-vine

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Jatropha dioica
Leatherstem, Leather Stem, Rubber Plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Jatropha dioica var. dioica
Leatherstem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Juglans microcarpa
Little Walnut, Texas Walnut, Texas Black Walnut, River Walnut, Nogalito, Nogalillo, Namboca

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Juglans nigra
Black Walnut, Eastern Black Walnut, American Black Walnut

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Juncus acuminatus
Tapertip Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Juncus brachycarpus
Whiteroot Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Juncus bufonius
Toad Rush

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Juncus coriaceus
Leathery Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Juncus dichotomus
Forked Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Juncus diffusissimus
Slimpod Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Juncus dudleyi
Dudley's Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Juncus effusus
Common Rush, Soft Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Juncus interior
Inland Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Juncus interior var. interior
Inland Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Juncus marginatus
Grassleaf Rush, Grass Leaf Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Juncus nodatus
Stout Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Juncus polycephalos
Manyhead Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Juncus roemerianus
Black Needlerush, Needlegrass Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Juncus scirpoides
Needlepod Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Juncus tenuis
Poverty Rush, Path Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Juncus texanus
Texas Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Juncus torreyi
Torrey's Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Juncus trigonocarpus
Redpod Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Juncus validus
Roundhead Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Juncus validus var. validus
Roundhead Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Juniperus ashei
Ashe Juniper, Ashe's Juniper, Mountain Cedar, Rock Cedar, Post Cedar, Texas Cedar, Brake Cedar, Mexican Juniper, Blueberry Juniper, Ozark White Cedar, Sabino, Enebro

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Juniperus pinchotii
Pinchot's Juniper, Pinchot Juniper, Redberry Juniper, Texas Juniper, Christmasberry Juniper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Juniperus virginiana
Eastern Red Cedar, Eastern Redcedar, Virginia Juniper, Red Juniper, Pencil Cedar, Carolina Cedar, Red Savin, Baton Rouge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Justicia americana
American Water-willow, Water-willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Justicia pilosella
Hairy Tube-tongue, Gregg's Tube-tongue, False Honeysuckle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Kallstroemia hirsutissima
Hairy Caltrop, Hairy Carpetweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Kallstroemia maxima
Big Caltrop

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Kallstroemia parviflora
Warty Caltrop, Small-flowered Carpetweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Kallstroemia perennans
Perennial Caltrop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Karwinskia humboldtiana
Coyotillo, Humboldt Coyotillo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Koeberlinia spinosa
Crown Of Thorns, Spiny Allthorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Kosteletzkya virginica
Virginia Saltmarsh Mallow, Virginia Fen-rose, Saltmarsh Mallow, Seashore Mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Krameria erecta
Littleleaf Ratany, Range Ratany

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Krameria grayi
White Ratany, Crimson Beak, Chacati, Cosahui

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Krameria lanceolata
Trailing Krameria, Ratany, Crameria, Prairie Sandbur, Trailing Ratany

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Krameria ramosissima
Manystem Ratany, Calderona

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Krigia caespitosa
Weedy Dwarfdandelion, Dwarf Dandelion

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Krigia dandelion
Potato Dwarf Dandelion, Potato Dandelion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Krigia occidentalis
Western Dwarfdandelion

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Krigia virginica
Virginia Dwarfdandelion, Virginia Dwarf-dandelion, Virginia Dwarf Dandelion, Dwarf Dandelion

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Krigia wrightii
Wright's Dwarfdandelion

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Kyllinga brevifolia
Shortleaf Spikesedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Kyllinga odorata
Fragrant Spikesedge

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Lactuca canadensis
Canada Lettuce, Wild Lettuce

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Lactuca floridana
Woodland Lettuce, Florida Lettuce

Duration: Annual, Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Lactuca hirsuta
Hairy Lettuce

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lactuca ludoviciana
Western Wild Lettuce, Louisiana Wild Lettuce, Prairie Lettuce, Prairie Wild Lettuce, Biannual Lettuce

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Lantana achyranthifolia
Brushland Shrubverbena, Mexican Marjoram, Veinyleaf Lantana

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lantana urticoides
Texas Lantana, Calico Bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Larrea tridentata
Creosote Bush, Greasewood, Hediondilla, Governadora, Guamis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Lathyrus venosus
Veiny Pea, Veiny Vetchling, Wild Sweet Pea, Bushy Vetch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Leavenworthia aurea var. texana
Golden Gladecress, Texas Golden Glade Cress

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lechea mucronata
Hairy Pinweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lechea san-sabeana
San Saba Pinweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lechea tenuifolia
Narrowleaf Pinweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Leersia hexandra
Southern Cutgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Leersia lenticularis
Catchfly Grass, Oatmeal Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Leersia oryzoides
Rice Cutgrass, Rice Cut Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Leersia virginica
Whitegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Lemna aequinoctialis
Lesser Duckweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lemna obscura
Little Duckweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lemna valdiviana
Valdivia Duckweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lepidium austrinum
Southern Peppergrass, Southern Pepperwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lepidium densiflorum
Common Pepperweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lepidium lasiocarpum
Shaggyfruit Pepperweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lepidium virginicum
Virginia Peppergrass, Virginia Pepperweed, Peppergrass, Poor Man's Pepper

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Leptochloa dubia
Green Sprangletop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Leptochloa fusca
Malabar Sprangletop

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Leptochloa fusca ssp. fascicularis
Bearded Sprangletop

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Leptochloa panicea
Mucronate Sprangletop, Red Sprangletop, Needle Sprangletop

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Leptochloa panicea ssp. brachiata
Red Sprangletop

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Lepuropetalon spathulatum
Petiteplant

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Lespedeza capitata
Roundhead Lespedeza, Roundhead Bush-clover, Round-headed Lespedeza, Round-headed Bush-clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lespedeza hirta
Hairy Lespedeza

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Lespedeza repens
Creeping Lespedeza, Creeping Bush-clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lespedeza stuevei
Tall Bush-clover, Tall Lespedeza

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lespedeza texana
Texas Lespedeza, Texas Bush-clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Lespedeza violacea
Violet Lespedeza

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Lespedeza virginica
Slender Lespedeza, Slender Bush-clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Lesquerella argyraea
Silver Bladderpod

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lesquerella auriculata
Earleaf Bladderpod

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lesquerella densiflora
Denseflower Bladderpod, Low Bladderpod

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lesquerella fendleri
Fendler's Bladderpod, Popweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Lesquerella gordonii
Gordon's Bladderpod

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Lesquerella gracilis
Spreading Bladderpod, Cloth-of-gold

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Lesquerella grandiflora
Bigflower Bladderpod

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lesquerella pallida
White Bladderpod

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lesquerella purpurea
Rose Bladderpod, Purple Bladderpod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lesquerella recurvata
Gaslight Bladderpod

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Leucaena retusa
Goldenball Leadtree, Littleleaf Leadtree, Little Leucaena, Lemonball, Wahoo Tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Leucophyllum frutescens
Cenizo, Purple Sage, Texas Ranger, Texas Barometer Bush, Texas Silverleaf, Texas Sage, Silverleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Leucophyllum minus
Big Bend Barometerbush, Big Bend Silverleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Leucospora multifida
Narrowleaf Paleseed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Liatris acidota
Sharp Blazing Star, Sharp Gayfeather, Sharp Liatris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Liatris aestivalis
Summer Gayfeather, Summer Blazing Star, Summer Liatris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Liatris aspera
Tall Blazing Star, Tall Gayfeather, Tall Liatris, Rough Blazing Star, Rough Gayfeather, Rough Liatris, Button Snakeroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Liatris bracteata
Bracted Blazing Star, Bracted Gayfeather, Bracted Liatris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Liatris elegans
Pink-scale Blazing Star, Pink-scale Gayfeather, Pink-scale Liatris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Liatris elegans var. bridgesii
Pinkscale Blazingstar, Pinkscale Gayfeather

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Liatris punctata
Dotted Blazing Star, Dotted Gayfeather, Dotted Liatris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Liatris punctata var. mucronata
Texas Gayfeather, Texas Blazing Star, Texas Liatris, Cusp Liatris, Cusp Blazing Star, Cusp Gayfeather, Narrow-leaf Liatris, Narrow-leaf Blazing Star, Narrow-leaf Gayfeather

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Liatris pycnostachya
Prairie Blazing Star, Prairie Gayfeather, Prairie Liatris, Kansas Blazing Star, Kansas Gayfeather, Kansas Liatris, Cat-tail Blazing Star, Cat-tail Gayfeather, Cat-tail Liatris, Hairy Button-snakeroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Liatris squarrosa
Scaly Blazing Star, Scaly Gayfeather, Scaly Liatris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Liatris squarrosa var. glabrata
Scaly Blazing Star, Scaly Gayfeather, Scaly Liatris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Liatris tenuis
Gulf Blazing Star, Gulf Gayfeather, Gulf Liatris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lilium michauxii
Carolina Lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Limnodea arkansana
Ozark Grass, Ozarkgrass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Limnosciadium pinnatum
Tansy Dogshade

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lindera benzoin
Northern Spicebush, Spicebush, Wild Allspice

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Lindernia dubia
Yellowseed False Pimpernel

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lindheimera texana
Texas Yellowstar, Texas Star, Texas Yellow-star, Lindheimer Daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Linum berlandieri
Berlandier's Yellow Flax

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Linum berlandieri var. berlandieri
Berlandier's Yellow Flax, Yellow Flax, Stiff-stem Flax

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Linum berlandieri var. filifolium
Berlandier's Yellow Flax

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Linum imbricatum
Tufted Flax

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Linum medium
Stiff Yellow Flax

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Linum medium var. texanum
Stiff Yellow Flax

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Linum pratense
Meadow Flax

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Linum rupestre
Rock Flax

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Linum striatum
Ridged Yellow Flax

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Linum sulcatum
Grooved Flax, Yellow Prairie Flax

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lipocarpha drummondii
Drummond's Halfchaff Sedge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Liquidambar styraciflua
Sweetgum, American Sweetgum, Red Gum, White Gum, Star-leaved Gum, Starleaf Gum, Alligator Tree, Satin Walnut, Bilsted, Liquidambar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Liriodendron tulipifera
Tulip Tree, Tulip Poplar, Yellow Poplar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Listera australis
Southern Twayblade

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Lithospermum caroliniense
Carolina Puccoon, Hairy Puccoon, Hispid Gromwell

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Lithospermum incisum
Fringed Puccoon, Golden Puccoon, Narrowleaf Puccoon, Narrow-leaved Puccoon, Puccoon, Narrowleaf Gromwell, Fringed Gromwell, Narrowleaf Stoneseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lithospermum matamorense
Rough Stoneseed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lithospermum mirabile
San Antonio Stoneseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lobelia appendiculata
Pale Lobelia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lobelia appendiculata var. appendiculata
Pale Lobelia

Duration: Annual, Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lobelia berlandieri var. brachypoda
Berlandier's Lobelia, Blue Lobelia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lobelia cardinalis
Cardinal Flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Lobelia puberula
Downy Lobelia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lobelia spicata
Pale-spike Lobelia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Loeflingia squarrosa
Spreading Pygmyleaf

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lonicera sempervirens
Coral Honeysuckle, Trumpet Honeysuckle, Woodbine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Lotus unifoliolatus
American Bird's-foot Trefoil

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ludwigia alternifolia
Seedbox

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Ludwigia decurrens
Wingleaf Primrose-willow

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ludwigia glandulosa
Cylindric-fruit Primrose-willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ludwigia hirtella
Spindleroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ludwigia leptocarpa
Anglestem Primrose-willow

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Ludwigia linearis
Narrowleaf Primrose-willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ludwigia octovalvis
Mexican Primrose-willow, Narrow-leaf Water Primrose, Seedbox, Mexican Primrose Willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ludwigia octovalvis ssp. octovalvis
Mexican Primrose-willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Ludwigia palustris
Marsh Seedbox

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Ludwigia peploides
Creepingâ Water-primrose, Floating Primrose-willow, Water-primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Ludwigia repens
Creeping Primrose-willow, Floating Primrose-willow, Water Primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ludwigia sphaerocarpa
Globe-fruit Primrose-willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lupinus perennis
Sundial Lupine, Wild Lupine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Lupinus perennis ssp. gracilis
Sundial Lupine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lupinus subcarnosus
Sandyland Bluebonnet, Texas Bluebonnet

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Lupinus texensis
Texas Bluebonnet, Bluebonnet, Texas Lupine, Buffalo Clover, Wolf Flower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lycium berlandieri
Berlandier's Wolfberry, Wolfberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Lycium carolinianum
Carolina Wolfberry, Carolina Desert-thorn, Creeping Wolfberry, Christmas Berry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Lycium carolinianum var. quadrifidum
Carolina Wolfberry, Creeping Wolfberry, Carolina Desert-thorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Lycium torreyi
Torrey Wolfberry, Desert-thorn, Box-thorn, Squawberry, Rabbit-thorn, Tomatillo, Garambullo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lycopodiella alopecuroides
Foxtail Clubmoss

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Lycopus americanus
American Water Horehound, Water Horehound

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Lycopus rubellus
Taperleaf Water Horehound

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lycopus virginicus
Virginia Water Horehound, Virginia Bugleweed, American Water Horehound, Sweet Bugleweed, Water Bugle, Carpenter's Herb, Greeen Archangle, Purple Archangle, Paul's Betony, Wood-betony, Wolf-foot, Egyptian's Herb

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Lygodesmia texana
Texas Skeleton Plant, Texas Skeleton Weed, Skeleton-plant, Purple Dandelion, Flowering Straw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lyonia ligustrina
Maleberry, He-huckleberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Lyonia mariana
Piedmont Staggerbush, Staggerbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Lysimachia lanceolata
Lanceleaf Loosestrife, Lance-leaved Loosestrife

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lythrum alatum
Winged Lythrum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Lythrum alatum var. lanceolatum
Winged Lythrum, Lance-leaf Loosestrife

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lythrum californicum
California Loosestrife

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Machaeranthera pinnatifida
Lacy Tansyaster, Yellow Spiny Daisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Machaeranthera pinnatifida ssp. pinnatifida
Lacy Tansyaster, Yellow Spiny Daisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Machaeranthera pinnatifida ssp. pinnatifida var. pinnatifida
Lacy Tansyaster, Yellow Spiny Daisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Maclura pomifera
Osage Orange, Bois d' Arc, Bodark, Horse Apple, Hedge Apple, Bowwood, Yellowwood, Naranjo Chino

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Madia elegans
Common Madia, Elegant Madia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Magnolia grandiflora
Southern Magnolia, Evergreen Magnolia, Loblolly Magnolia, Great Laurel Magnolia, Big Laurel, Bull Bay

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Magnolia pyramidata
Pyramid Magnolia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Magnolia virginiana
Sweetbay, Sweetbay Magnolia, Southern Sweetbay, Swampbay, Swamp Magnolia, Sweet Magnolia, Small Magnolia, Laurel Magnolia, White Bay, White Laurel, Swamp Laurel, Beaver Tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Mahonia trifoliolata
Agarita, Agarito, Algerita, Laredo Mahonia, Laredo Oregon-grape, Trifoliate Barberry, Wild Currant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Malachra capitata
Malva De Caballo

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Malaxis unifolia
Green Adder's-mouth Orchid

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Malpighia glabra
Barbados Cherry, Wild Crapemyrtle, Acerola, Manzanita

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Malus angustifolia
Southern Crabapple, Narrowleaf Crabapple, Wild Crabapple, Southern Crab, Narrowleaf Crab, Wild Crab

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Malvaviscus arboreus
Turkscap, Wax Mallow, Bleeding Hearts, Mexican Apple, Manzanita

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Malvaviscus arboreus var. drummondii
Turk's Cap, Drummond's Turk's Cap, Drummond Turk's Cap, Wax Mallow, Drummond's Wax Mallow, Drummond Wax Mallow, Red Mallow, Texas Mallow, Mexican Apple, Sleeping Hibiscus, Bleeding Hearts, Manzanita

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Mammillaria heyderi
Little Nipple Cactus, Heyder Pincushion Cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Mammillaria lasiacantha
Lacespine Nipple Cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Mammillaria prolifera var. texana
Texas Nipple Cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Mandevilla macrosiphon
Plateau Rocktrumpet, Longtube Trumpet Flower, Flor De San Juan, Rock Trumpet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Manfreda virginica
False Aloe, Rattlesnake Master

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Marshallia caespitosa
Barbara's-buttons, Puffballs, White Barbara's-buttons

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Marshallia caespitosa var. caespitosa
Barbara's Buttons, Puffballs

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Marshallia graminifolia
Grassleaf Barbara's Buttons

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Marshallia graminifolia var. cynanthera
Grassleaf Barbara's Buttons

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Marsilea macropoda
Bigfoot Water-clover, Water-clover, Clover-fern, Largefoot Pepperwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Marsilea vestita
Hairy Water-clover, Hairy Waterclover, Hairy Water Clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Matelea biflora
Purple Milkweed Vine, Star Milkvine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Matelea cynanchoides
Prairie Milkvine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Matelea decipiens
Oldfield Milkvine, Deceptive Milkvine, Deceptive Spinypod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light:
Water:

Matelea gonocarpos
Anglepod, Angularfruit Milkvine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Matelea reticulata
Pearl Milkweed Vine, Netted Milkvine, Green Milkweed Vine, Net Vein Milkvine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Matelea sagittifolia
Arrowleaf Milkvine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Vine
Light:
Water:

Maurandella antirrhiniflora
Snapdragon Vine , Roving Sailor, Climbing Snapdragon, Little Snapdragon Vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Mayaca fluviatilis
Stream Bogmoss

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mecardonia acuminata
Axilflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Mecardonia procumbens
Baby Jump-up

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Melampodium cinereum
Hoary Blackfoot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Melampodium cinereum var. hirtellum
Hoary Blackfoot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Melampodium leucanthum
Blackfoot Daisy, Rock Daisy, Plains Blackfoot, Arnica

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Melica nitens
Three-flower Melic, Tall Melicgrass, Threeflower Melicgrass, Melicgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Melochia pyramidata
Pyramidflower, Broom-wood, Pyramid Flower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Melothria pendula
Guadeloupe Cucumber, Meloncito, Speckled Gourd

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Melothria pendula var. pendula
Guadeloupe Cucumber

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light:
Water:

Menodora heterophylla
Low Menodora, Redbud, Twinpod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Menodora longiflora
Showy Menodora, Twinpod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Menodora scabra
Rough Menodora

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Mentzelia albescens
Wavyleaf Blazingstar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mentzelia multiflora
Adonis Blazingstar, Prairie Stickleaf, Blazingstar

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mentzelia nuda
Bractless Blazingstar, Sand Lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mentzelia oligosperma
Stick-leaf, Chickenthief

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Merremia dissecta
Alamo Vine, Noyau Vine, Correhuela De Las Doce

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Meximalva filipes
Texasfan

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Mikania cordifolia
Florida Keys Hempvine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light:
Water:

Mikania scandens
Climbing Hempvine, Climbing Hempweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Shade
Water: Wet

Mimosa aculeaticarpa
Catclaw Mimosa

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light:
Water:

Mimosa aculeaticarpa var. biuncifera
Catclaw Mimosa, Cat's-claw Mimosa, Wait-a-bit

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Mimosa borealis
Fragrant Mimosa, Pink Mimosa

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Mimosa hystricina
Porcupine Mimosa

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mimosa latidens
Kairn's Sensitive Briar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mimosa nuttallii
Nuttall's Sensitive Briar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mimosa roemeriana
Roemer's Mimosa, Sensitive Briar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Mimosa strigillosa
Powderpuff, Sunshine Mimosa, Sensitive Plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water: Moist, Dry

Mimosa texana
Texas Mimosa, Wherry Mimosa

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Mimulus alatus
Sharpwing Monkeyflower, Sharp-winged Monkeyflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mimulus glabratus
Roundleaf Monkeyflower, Yellow Monkeyflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Minuartia drummondii
Drummond's Stitchwort, Sandwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Minuartia patula
Pitcher's Stitchwort, Slender Sandwort, Spreading Sandwort, Lime Barren Sandwort, Glade Sandwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mirabilis albida
White Four O'clock, Dwarf Four O'clock

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Mirabilis gigantea
Giant Four O'Clock

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mirabilis linearis
Narrowleaf Four O'Clock

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Mirabilis nyctaginea
Heartleaf Four O'Clock

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Mitchella repens
Partridgeberry, Twinberry, Running Box, Pigeon Plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Mitreola petiolata
Lax Hornpod

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mitreola sessilifolia
Swamp Hornpod

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Modiola caroliniana
Carolina Bristlemallow, Carolina Modiola

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Mollugo verticillata
Green Carpetweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Monarda citriodora
Lemon Beebalm, Purple Horsemint, Lemon Mint, Plains Horsemint, Lemon Horsemint, Horsemint, Purple Lemon Mint

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Monarda clinopodioides
Basil Beebalm

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Monarda fistulosa
Wild Bergamot, Beebalm

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Monarda lindheimeri
Lindheimer's Beebalm, Lindheimer Beebalm

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Monarda punctata
Spotted Beebalm, Spotted Horsemint, Horsemint

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Monarda punctata ssp. punctata var. lasiodonta
Spotted Beebalm

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Monarda russeliana
Redpurple Beebalm

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Monotropa hypopitys
Pinesap

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Monotropa uniflora
Indianpipe, Indian Pipe

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Morella caroliniensis
Southern Bayberry, Swamp Bayberry, Swamp Candleberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Morella cerifera
Wax Myrtle , Southern Wax Myrtle, Southern Bayberry, Eastern Bayberry, Bayberry, Candleberry, Tallow Shrub

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Mortonia sempervirens
Rio Grande Saddlebush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Morus microphylla
Texas Mulberry, Littleleaf Mulberry, Mountain Mulberry, Mexican Mulberry, Dwarf Mulberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Morus rubra
Red Mulberry, Moral

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Muhlenbergia capillaris
Gulf Muhly, Hair-awn Muhly, Hairy-awn Muhly, Hair Grass, Pink Muhly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Muhlenbergia lindheimeri
Lindheimer's Muhly, Lindheimer Muhly, Big Muhly, Blue Muhly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Muhlenbergia porteri
Bush Muhly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Muhlenbergia schreberi
Nimblewill

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Muhlenbergia spiciformis
Longawn Muhly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Myosotis macrosperma
Largeseed Forget-me-not

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Myosotis verna
Spring Forget-me-not

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Myriophyllum heterophyllum
Twoleaf Watermilfoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Myriophyllum pinnatum
Cutleaf Watermilfoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Najas guadalupensis
Common Water Nymph, Southern Water Nymph, Najas

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Nama havardii
Havard's Fiddleleaf

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Nama hispidum
Sand Bells, Bristly Nama, Sand-bell

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Nama jamaicense
Jamaicanweed, Jamaican Weed, Fiddleleaf Nama

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Nama parvifolium
Small-leaf Fiddleleaf

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Nassella leucotricha
Texas Wintergrass, Texas Speargrass, Wintergrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Neeragrostis reptans
Creeping Lovegrass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Nekemias arborea
Peppervine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Nelumbo lutea
American Lotus, Yellow Water Lotus, Yellow Lotus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Nemastylis geminiflora
Prairie Celestials, Celestials, Prairie Pleatleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Nemophila phacelioides
Texas Baby Blue Eyes, Large-flower Baby-blue-eyes, Baby Blue-eyes, Flannel Breeches

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Nephrolepis exaltata
Boston Swordfern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light:
Water:

Nephrolepis exaltata ssp. exaltata
Boston Fern, Sword Fern, Wild Boston Fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light:
Water:

Neptunia lutea
Yellow Sensitive Briar, Yellow Puff

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Neptunia pubescens
Tropical Puff

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Neptunia pubescens var. microcarpa
Tropical Puff

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Nerisyrenia camporum
Bicolor Fanmustard, Mesa Greggia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Nicotiana obtusifolia
Desert Tobacco, Little Tobacco, Tabaquillo, Punche

Duration: Annual, Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Nicotiana obtusifolia var. obtusifolia
Desert Tobacco, Little Tobacco, Tabaquillo, Punche

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Nicotiana repanda
Fiddleleaf Tobacco, Fiddle-leaf Tobacco

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Nolina texana
Texas Sacahuista, Texas Beargrass, Basket Grass, Sacahuista, Bunchgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Notholaena copelandii
Copeland's Cloakfern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light:
Water:

Notholaena standleyi
Star Cloak Fern, Northern Desert Star Cloakfern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Nothoscordum bivalve
Crow Poison, Crowpoison, False Garlic

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Nuphar lutea
Yellow Pond Lily, Yellow Cow Lily, Cow Lily, Spatter Dock, Wakas

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Nuphar lutea ssp. advena
Common Spatterdock, Spatterdock, Yellow Cow-lily, Cow-lily, Yellow Pond-lily, Brandy-bottle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Nuttallanthus canadensis
Canada Toadflax, Blue Toadflax, Old-field Toadflax

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Nuttallanthus texanus
Texas Toadflax, Texas Toad-flax, Toadflax

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Nyctaginia capitata
Devil's Bouquet, Scarlet Muskflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Nymphaea elegans
Tropical Royalblue Waterlily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Nymphaea mexicana
Yellow Waterlily, Yellow Water-lily, Banana Lily, Banana Waterlily, Sun Lotus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Nymphaea odorata
American White Water-lily, Fragrant White Water-lily, Fragrant Water-lily, White Water-lily, Sweet-scented White Water-lily, Sweet-scented Water-lily, Beaver Root

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Nymphaea odorata ssp. odorata
American White Waterlily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Nymphoides aquatica
Big Floatingheart, Floating Hearts

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Nyssa aquatica
Water Tupelo, Blackgum, Sourgum, Cotton Gum, Swamp Tupelo, Water Gum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Nyssa biflora
Swamp Tupelo, Swamp Blackgum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Nyssa sylvatica
Blackgum, Black Tupelo, Tupelo, Sourgum, Pepperidge, Tupelo Gum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Obolaria virginica
Virginia Pennywort, Pennywort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oenothera biennis
Common Evening-primrose, King's Cure-all

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Oenothera calcicola
Texas Beeblossom, Limestoneâ Gaura

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Oenothera cinerea
Woolly Beeblossom, High Plains Beeblossom, Woolly Gaura, High Plains Gaura

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Oenothera curtiflora
Velvetweed, Velvetleaf Gaura, Lizard-tail Gaura, Willow Gaura

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oenothera drummondii
Beach Evening-primrose, Beach Evening Primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Oenothera filiformis
Longflower Beeblossom, Longflower Gaura, Large-flowered Gaura, Kearney Gaura, Tall Gaura

Duration: Annual, Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oenothera grandis
Largeflower Eveningprimrose, Showy Evening-primrose, Showy Eveningprimrose

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oenothera heterophylla
Variable-leaf Evening-primrose

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oenothera kunthiana
Kunth's Evening-primrose

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oenothera laciniata
Cutleaf Evening-primrose, Cut-leaved Evening Primrose

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Oenothera lindheimeri
White Gaura, Butterfly Gaura, Lindheimer's Beeblossom, Lindheimer's Gaura

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Oenothera linifolia
Threadleaf Evening-primrose

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oenothera macrocarpa
Bigfruit Evening-primrose, Missouri Evening-primrose, Fluttermill, Big-fruit Evening-primrose, Missouri Primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Oenothera macrocarpa ssp. macrocarpa
Bigfruit Evening-primrose, Fluttermill, Missouri Evening Primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Oenothera patriciae
Plains Beeblossom, Plains Gaura

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oenothera rhombipetala
Diamond Petal Primrose, Four-point Evening Primrose, Fourpoint Evening-primrose, Greater Four-point Evening-primrose

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Oenothera sinuosa
Wavyleaf Beeblossom, Wavyleaf Gaura

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oenothera spachiana
Spach's Evening-primrose

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oenothera speciosa
Pink Evening Primrose, Showy Evening Primrose, Mexican Evening Primrose, Showy Primrose, Pink Ladies, Buttercups, Pink Buttercups

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Oenothera suffrutescens
Scarlet Beeblossom, Scarlet Gaura

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Oenothera suffulta
Kisses, Wild Honeysuckle, Beeblossom, Roadside Gaura

Duration: Annual
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Oenothera tetraptera
Fourwing Evening Primrose

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oenothera triloba
Stemless Evening-primrose, Stemless Evening Primrose

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Oenothera villosa
Hairy Evening Primrose

Duration: Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oenothera villosa ssp. villosa
Hairy Evening-primrose

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oenothera xerogaura
Drummond's Beeblossom, Drummond's Gaura

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oldenlandia boscii
Bosc's Mille Graines

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oldenlandia uniflora
Clustered Mille Graines

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Oligomeris linifolia
Lineleaf Whitepuff

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oligoneuron nitidum
Shiny Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oligoneuron rigidum
Stiff Goldenrod, Hard-leaf Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Oligoneuron rigidum var. rigidum
Stiff Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Omphalodes aliena
Mexican Navelwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Onoclea sensibilis
Sensitive Fern, Bead Fern, Sympathy Fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Onosmodium bejariense
Soft-hair Marbleseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Dry

Onosmodium bejariense var. bejariense
Soft-hair Marbleseed, False Gromwell

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Ophioglossum crotalophoroides
Bulbous Adder's-tongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light:
Water:

Ophioglossum crotalophoroides var. crotalophoroides
Bulbous Adder's-tongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light:
Water:

Ophioglossum engelmannii
Limestone Adder's-tongue, Limestone Adderstongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light:
Water:

Ophioglossum nudicaule
Least Adder's-tongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light:
Water:

Ophioglossum petiolatum
Longstem Adder's-tongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light:
Water:

Ophioglossum vulgatum
Southern Adder's-tongue, Adder's-tongue, Adder's-tongue Fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light:
Water:

Oplismenus hirtellus
Basketgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Oplismenus hirtellus ssp. setarius
Basketgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Opuntia atrispina
Border Pricklypear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light:
Water:

Opuntia engelmannii
Cactus Apple, Prickly Pear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Opuntia engelmannii var. lindheimeri
Texas Prickly Pear, Lindheimer's Prickly Pear, Lindheimer Prickly Pear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Opuntia humifusa
Low Prickly Pear, Smooth Prickly Pear, Devil's Tongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Opuntia macrocentra
Purple Pricklypear, Purple Prickly Pear, Long-spined Prickly Pear, Black Spine Prickly Pear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Opuntia macrocentra var. macrocentra
Purple Pricklypear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Opuntia macrorhiza
Bigroot Prickly Pear, Twist-spine Prickly Pear, Common Prickly Pear, Plains Prickly Pear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Opuntia phaeacantha
Tulip Prickly Pear, Brownspine Prickly Pear Cactus, Purple-fruited Prickly Pear, Brown-spined Prickly Pear, New Mexico Prickly Pear, Desert Prickly Pear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Orbexilum pedunculatum
Sampson's Snakeroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Orontium aquaticum
Goldenclub, Neverwet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Osmunda cinnamomea
Cinnamon Fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Osmunda cinnamomea var. cinnamomea
Cinnamon Fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light:
Water:

Osmunda regalis
Royal Fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Osmunda regalis var. spectabilis
Royal Fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Ostrya virginiana
Eastern Hop-hornbeam, American Hop-hornbeam, Woolly Hop-hornbean, Eastern Ironwood, Roughbark Ironwood, Ironwood, Deerwood, Leverwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Oxalis albicans
Radishroot Woodsorrel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Oxalis dichondrifolia
Peonyleaf Woodsorrel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oxalis dillenii
Slender Yellow Wood Sorrel, Yellow Wood Sorrel, Yellow Woodsorrel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oxalis drummondii
Drummond's Wood-sorrel, Large-leaf Wood-sorrel, Drummond's Woodsorrel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Oxalis priceae
Tufted Yellow Woodsorrel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oxalis stricta
Common Yellow Oxalis, Yellow Wood-sorrel, Upright Yellow Wood-sorrel, Yellow Woodsorrel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Oxalis violacea
Violet Woodsorrel, Violet Wood-sorrel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Oxypolis filiformis
Water Cowbane

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oxypolis rigidior
Stiff Cowbane

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Packera glabella
Butterweed, Cress-leaf Groundsel, Yellowtop

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Packera obovata
Golden Groundsel, Roundleaf Groundsel, Roundleaf Ragwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Packera plattensis
Prairie Groundsel, Prairie Ragwort

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Packera tampicana
Yellowtop, Great Plains Ragwort, Butterweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Packera tomentosa
Woolly Ragwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Palafoxia callosa
Small Palafox, Small Palafoxia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Palafoxia hookeriana
Sand Palafox, Showy Palafox, Hooker Palafoxia, Sand Palafoxia, Hooker's Palafoxia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Palafoxia reverchonii
Reverchon's Palafox

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Palafoxia rosea
Rosy Palafox, Rose Palafoxia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Palafoxia texana
Texas Palafox

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Panicum amarum
Bitter Panicgrass, Beachgrass, Coastal Panic Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Panicum anceps
Beaked Panicgrass , Beaked Panic Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Panicum brachyanthum
Prairie Panicgrass , Prairie Panic Grass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Panicum capillare
Witchgrass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Panicum dichotomiflorum
Fall Panicgrass, Fall Panic Grass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Panicum flexile
Wiry Witch Grass, Wiry Panic Grass, Stiff Witch Grass, Slender Panic Grass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water: Moist

Panicum hallii
Hall's Panicgrass, Hall's Panic Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Panicum hemitomon
Maidencane

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Panicum obtusum
Vine Mesquite

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Panicum rigidulum
Redtop Panicgrass, Redtop Panic Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Panicum rigidulum var. pubescens
Redtop Panicgrass, Redtop Panic Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Panicum verrucosum
Prairie Panicgrass, Prairie Panic Grass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Panicum virgatum
Switchgrass, Wand Panic Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Panicum virgatum var. virgatum
Switchgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Pappophorum bicolor
Pink Pappasgrass, Pink Pappusgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Parietaria pensylvanica
Pennsylvania Pellitory, Pennsylvania Cucumber Plant

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Parkinsonia aculeata
Retama, Paloverde, Mexican Paloverde, Jerusalem Thorn, Horsebean, Lluvia De Oro

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Parkinsonia texana
Texas Paloverde, Border Paloverde, Retama China

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Parkinsonia texana var. texana
Palo-verde, Texas Palo-verde, Texas Paloverde

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Parnassia asarifolia
Kidneyleaf Grass-of-parnassus, Appalachian Grass-of-parnassus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Paronychia drummondii
Drummond's Nailwort

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Paronychia jamesii
James' Nailwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Paronychia lindheimeri
Forked Nailwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Paronychia virginica
Whitlow-wort, Broom Nailwort, Yellow Nailwort, Park's Nailwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Parthenium confertum
Gray's Feverfew

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Parthenium incanum
Mariola

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Parthenocissus quinquefolia
Virginia Creeper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Parthenocissus vitacea
Hiedra Creeper, Woodbine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Pascopyrum smithii
Western Wheatgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Paspalidium geminatum
Egyptian Panicgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Paspalum dissectum
Mudbank Crowngrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Paspalum distichum
Knotgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Paspalum floridanum
Florida Paspalum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Paspalum langei
Rustyseed Paspalum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Paspalum monostachyum
Gulfdune Paspalum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Paspalum plicatulum
Brownseed Paspalum, Brownseed Paspale

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Paspalum praecox
Early Paspalum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Paspalum pubiflorum
Hairyseed Paspalum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Passiflora affinis
Bracted Passionflower, Passion Flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Passiflora incarnata
Maypop, Purple Passionflower, Purple Passion Vine, Apricot Vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Passiflora lutea
Yellow Passionflower, Yellow Passion Vine, Yellow Passion-flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Passiflora tenuiloba
Bird Wing Passionflower, Birdwing Passionflower, Slender-lobe Passionflower, Spread Lobe Passionflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Pavonia lasiopetala
Rock Rose, Rose Pavonia, Rose Mallow, Pavonia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Pectis angustifolia
Limoncillo, Lemonscent, Crownseed Pectis, Lemon-scented Pectis, Lemonscent Pectis, Lemonweed, Chinchweed, Fetid Marigold

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Pectis angustifolia var. fastigiata
Lemonscent

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pedicularis canadensis
Canadian Lousewort, Wood Betony

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water:

Pedicularis canadensis ssp. canadensis
Canadian Lousewort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Pediomelum cuspidatum
Indian-turnip, Largebract Indian Breadroot, Tall Scurfy Pea, Tall-bread Scurf-pea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pediomelum digitatum
Palmleaf Indian Breadroot, Palm-leaf Scurf-pea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pediomelum hypogaeum
Subterranean Indian Breadroot , Edible Scurf-pea, Prairie-potato, Pomme Blanche

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pediomelum hypogaeum var. subulatum
Subterranean Indian Breadroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pediomelum latestipulatum
Texas Plains Indian Breadroot, Scurfpea, Scurf-pea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pediomelum latestipulatum var. latestipulatum
Texas Plains Indian Breadroot, Scurfpea, Scurf-pea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pediomelum rhombifolium
Gulf Indian Breadroot, Brown-flowered Psoralea, Round-leaf Scurf-pea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pellaea atropurpurea
Purple Cliffbrake

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light:
Water: Dry

Pellaea glabella
Smooth Cliffbrake

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Sun
Water:

Pellaea ovata
Ovateleaf Cliffbrake, Ovate-leaf Cliffbrake

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Sun
Water:

Pellaea wrightiana
Wright's Cliffbrake Fern, Wright's Cliffbrake

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light:
Water:

Peltandra virginica
Tuckahoe, Green Arrow Arum, Arrow Arum, Green Arum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Peniocereus greggii
Nightblooming Cereus, Night-blooming Cereus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light:
Water:

Peniocereus greggii var. greggii
Nightblooming Cereus, Night-blooming-cereus, Queen Of The Night

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Penstemon baccharifolius
Rock Penstemon, Rock Beardtongue, Cut-leaf Penstemon, Cut-leaf Beardtongue, Baccharis-leaf Penstemon, Baccharis-leaf Beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Penstemon cobaea
Prairie Penstemon, Prairie Beardtongue, Foxglove Penstemon, Foxglove Beardtongue, False Foxglove, Large-flowered Penstemon, Large-flowered Beardtongue, Cobaea Penstemon, Cobaea Beardtongue, Wild Foxglove

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Penstemon digitalis
Mississippi Penstemon, Mississippi Beardtongue, Smooth White Penstemon, Smooth White Beardtongue, Talus Slope Penstemon, Talus Slope Beardtongue, Foxglove Penstemon, Foxglove Beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Penstemon jamesii
James's Penstemon, James's Beardtongue, James Penstemon, James Beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Penstemon laxiflorus
Nodding Penstemon, Nodding Beardtongue, Loose-flowered Penstemon, Loose-flowered Beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Penstemon murrayanus
Scarlet Penstemon, Scarlet Beardtongue, Red Penstemon, Red Beardtongue, Cupleaf Penstemon, Cupleaf Beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Penstemon tenuis
Brazos Penstemon, Brazos Beardtongue, Gulf Penstemon, Gulf Beardtongue, Gulf Coast Penstemon, Gulf Coast Beardtongue, Sharp-sepal Penstemon, Sharp-sepal Beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Penstemon triflorus
Hill Country Penstemon, Hill Country Beardtongue, Scarlet Penstemon, Scarlet Beardtongue, Heller's Penstemon, Heller's Beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Penstemon triflorus ssp. integrifolius
Heller's Penstemon, Heller's Beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Penthorum sedoides
Ditch Stonecrop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Perityle angustifolia
Narrow-leaved Rockdaisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Perityle lindheimeri
Lindheimer's Rockdaisy, Rock Daisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Perityle lindheimeri var. halimifolia
Lindheimer's Rockdaisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Persea borbonia
Redbay, Red Bay, Sweet Bay, Silk Bay, Red Bay Persea, Laurel Tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Persea palustris
Swamp Bay, Swampbay

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light:
Water:

Phacelia congesta
Caterpillars, Blue Curls, Fiddleneck

Duration: Annual, Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Phacelia hirsuta
Fuzzy Phacelia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phacelia patuliflora
Sand Phacelia, Sand Scorpionweed, Blue Phacelia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Phacelia patuliflora var. patuliflora
Sand Phacelia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phacelia patuliflora var. teucriifolia
Sand Phacelia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phacelia strictiflora
Prairie Phacelia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phalaris caroliniana
Carolina Canarygrass, Maygrass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Phegopteris hexagonoptera
Broad Beechfern, Broad Beech Fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Phemeranthus aurantiacus
Orange Flameflower, Flameflower, Fameflower, Talinum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Phemeranthus parviflorus
Sunbright, Dwarf Flameflower, Prairie Flameflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Philadelphus pubescens
Hoary Mock Orange

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Phlox drummondii
Annual Phlox, Drummond Phlox, Pride-of-Texas, Texas Pride

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Phlox drummondii ssp. drummondii
Annual Phlox

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phlox drummondii ssp. mcallisteri
Mcallister's Phlox, Drummond Phlox

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phlox drummondii ssp. wilcoxiana
Wilcox's Phlox, Drummond Phlox

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phlox nivalis
Trailing Phlox

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Phlox pilosa
Downy Phlox, Prairie Phlox, Fragrant Phlox

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Phlox pilosa ssp. pilosa
Downy Phlox, Fragrant Phlox, Prairie Phlox

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Phlox roemeriana
Goldeneye Phlox, Golden-eye Phlox

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Phoradendron tomentosum
Christmas Mistletoe, Mistletoe, Injerto

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Phragmites australis
Common Reed, Phragmites

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Phryma leptostachya
American Lopseed, Lopseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Phyla lanceolata
Lanceleaf Frogfruit, Lanceleaf Fogfruit

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phyla nodiflora
Texas Frogfruit, Turkey Tangle Fogfruit, Frogfruit

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Phyllanthus abnormis
Drummond's Leaf-flower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phyllanthus caroliniensis
Carolina Leaf-flower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phyllanthus polygonoides
Smartweed Leaf-flower, Knotweed Leafflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Physalis angulata
Cutleaf Groundcherry

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Physalis cinerascens
Smallflower Groundcherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Physalis cinerascens var. cinerascens
Smallflower Groundcherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Physalis hederifolia
Ivyleaf Groundcherry, Ivy-leaf Groundcherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Physalis heterophylla
Clammy Groundcherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Dry

Physalis heterophylla var. heterophylla
Clammy Groundcherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Physalis longifolia
Longleaf Groundcherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Physalis mollis
Field Groundcherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Physalis pubescens
Downy Ground-cherry, Husk Tomato

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Physalis pumila
Dwarf Ground-cherry, Yellow Ground-cherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Physalis virginiana
Virginia Groundcherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Physostegia angustifolia
False Dragon-head, Narrowleaf False Dragonhead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Physostegia correllii
Correll's False Dragonhead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Physostegia digitalis
False Dragonhead, Finger False Dragonhead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Physostegia intermedia
Spring Obedient Plant, Marsh Obedient Plant, Slender False Dragonhead, Intermediate False Dragonhead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Physostegia pulchella
Beautiful False Dragon-head, Showy False Dragonhead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Physostegia virginiana
Fall Obedient Plant, False Dragonhead, Virginia Lions-heart

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Physostegia virginiana ssp. praemorsa
Fall Obedient Plant, False Dragonhead, Lionheart, Obedient Plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Phytolacca americana
American Pokeweed, Great Pokeweed, Pokeweed, Pokeberry, Red Ink Plant, Pigeonberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Pilea pumila
Canadian Clearweed, Clearweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Pinaropappus roseus
White Rocklettuce, White Dandelion, Pink Dandelion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pinguicula pumila
Small Butterwort, Bog Violet, Dwarf Butterwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Pinus clausa
Sand Pine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Pinus echinata
Shortleaf Pine, Shortleaf Yellow Pine, Southern Yellow Pine, Yellow Pine, Shortstraw Pine, Arkansas Pine, Longtag Pine, Spruce Pine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Pinus elliottii
Slash Pine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Pinus palustris
Longleaf Pine, Georgia Pine, Longleaf Yellow Pine, Southern Yellow Pine, Longstraw Pine, Hill Pine, Hard Pine, Heart Pine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Pinus remota
Papershell Pinyon, Remote Pinyon Pine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Pinus taeda
Loblolly Pine, Oldfield Pine, Bull Pine, Rosemary Pine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Piptochaetium avenaceum
Blackseed Speargrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Pistacia mexicana
Mexican Pistachio, Texas Pistachio, American Pistachio, Copal Pistachio, Wild Pistachio, Lentisco, Texas Pistache

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Pistia stratiotes
Water Lettuce

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pityopsis graminifolia
Narrowleaf Silkgrass, Golden Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Planera aquatica
Planer Tree, Water Elm

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Plantago aristata
Largebracted Plantain, Buckthorn

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Plantago elongata
Prairie Plantain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Plantago helleri
Heller's Plantain, Cedar Plantain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Plantago heterophylla
Slender Plantain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Plantago hookeriana
California Plantain, Tallow Weed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Plantago patagonica
Woolly Plantain, Bristle-bract Plantain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Plantago rhodosperma
Redseed Plantain, Red-seeded Plantain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Plantago virginica
Virginia Plantain, Paleseed Indian-wheat, Dwarf Plantain, Paleseed Plantain, Hoary Plantain, Southern Plantain

Duration: Annual, Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Plantago wrightiana
Wright's Plantain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Platanthera chapmanii
Chapman's Fringed Orchid, Chapman's Platanthera, Chapman's Orchid

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Platanthera ciliaris
Orange Fringed Orchid, Yellow Fringed Orchid, Orange Plume, Bobwhite's-mocassin, Owl's-head

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Platanthera clavellata
Small Green Wood Orchid, Small Woodland Orchid

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Platanthera cristata
Crested Yellow Orchid, Orange Fringed Orchid

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Platanthera flava
Palegreen Orchid

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Platanthera flava var. flava
Palegreen Orchid

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Platanthera integra
Yellow Fringeless Orchid

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Platanthera lacera
Green Fringed Orchid, Ragged Fringed Orchid

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Platanthera nivea
Snowy Orchid, Frog Spear, Bog Torch, White Frog Arrow, White Rein Orchid

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Platanus occidentalis
American Sycamore, Eastern Sycamore, American Plane Tree, Plane Tree, Buttonwood, Buttonball Tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Pleopeltis polypodioides
Resurrection Fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern, Vine
Light:
Water:

Pleopeltis polypodioides ssp. michauxiana
Resurrection Fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light:
Water:

Pleuraphis mutica
Tobosagrass, Tobosa Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Pluchea camphorata
Camphor Pluchea, Camphor Weed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pluchea foetida
Stinking Camphorweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pluchea odorata
Sweetscent, Saltmarsh Fleabane

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Pluchea odorata var. odorata
Sweetscent, Marsh Fleabane, Southern Marsh Fleabane

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Pluchea rosea
Rosy Camphorweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Poa bigelovii
Bigelow's Bluegrass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Poa pratensis
Kentucky Bluegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Poa sylvestris
Woodland Bluegrass, Sylvan Bluegrass, Sylvan Speargrass, Old-pasture Bluegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Podophyllum peltatum
Mayapple, Indian Apple, Wild Mandrake, Pomme De Mai, Podophylle Pelt

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Pogonia ophioglossoides
Rose Pogonia, Snake-mouth Orchid, Beard Flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Polanisia dodecandra
Redwhisker Clammyweed, Clammyweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polanisia dodecandra ssp. trachysperma
Clammy-weed, Clammyweed, Sandyseed Clammyweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Polanisia erosa
Large Clammyweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polanisia erosa ssp. erosa
Large Clammyweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polygala alba
White Milkwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Polygala cruciata
Drumheads, Candy Root, Crossleaf Milkwort, Cross-leaved Milkwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polygala incarnata
Procession Flower, Pink Milkwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Polygala lindheimeri
Shrubby Milkwort, Purple Milkwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Polygala lindheimeri var. lindheimeri
Shrubby Milkwort, Purple Milkwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Polygala macradenia
Glandleaf Milkwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Polygala mariana
Maryland Milkwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polygala nana
Candyroot, Bachelor's Buttons, Bachelor's Button

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polygala ovatifolia
Eggleaf Milkwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Polygala polygama
Racemed Milkwort, Pink Milkwort

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Polygala ramosa
Low Pinebarren Milkwort, Yellow Savanna Milkwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polygala sanguinea
Purple Milkwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Polygala verticillata
Whorled Milkwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Polygonatum biflorum
Smooth Solomon's Seal, Great Solomon's-seal, Sealwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Polygonatum biflorum var. commutatum
Great Solomon's Seal, Giant Solomon's Seal

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polygonella americana
Southern Jointweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polygonum amphibium
Water Knotweed, Water Smartweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Polygonum amphibium var. emersum
Longroot Smartweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polygonum glabrum
Denseflower Knotweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polygonum hydropiperoides
Swamp Smartweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Polygonum lapathifolium
Curlytop Knotweed, Curl-top Smartweed, Pale Smartweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polygonum pensylvanicum
Pennsylvania Smartweed, Pink Smartweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Polygonum punctatum
Dotted Smartweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Polygonum ramosissimum
Bushy Knotweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polygonum sagittatum
Arrowleaf Tearthumb

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun
Water:

Polygonum scandens
Climbing False Buckwheat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Polygonum setaceum
Bog Smartweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polygonum virginianum
Jumpseed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polypremum procumbens
Juniper Leaf, Rustweed

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polystichum acrostichoides
Christmas Fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Polystichum acrostichoides var. acrostichoides
Christmas Fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light:
Water:

Polytaenia nuttallii
Nuttall's Prairie Parsley, Prairie Parsley, Wild Dill, Prairie Parsnip

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Polytaenia texana
Texas Prairie Parsley, Texas-parsley

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Pontederia cordata
Pickerelweed, Pickerel Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Ponthieva racemosa
Hairy Shadow Witch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Populus deltoides
Eastern Cottonwood, Carolina Poplar, Necklace Poplar, Alamo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Populus deltoides ssp. deltoides
Eastern Cottonwood, Southern Cottonwood, Carolina Poplar, Eastern Poplar, Necklace Poplar, Alamo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Porophyllum scoparium
Trans-pecos Poreleaf, Poreleaf, Shrubby Poreleaf, Hierba del Venado, Jarilla, Pomerillo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Portulaca pilosa
Kiss Me Quick, Chisme

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Portulaca umbraticola
Wingpod Purslane, Purslane

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Portulaca umbraticola ssp. umbraticola
Wingpod Purslane

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Potamogeton diversifolius
Waterthread Pondweed, Threadleaf Pondweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Potamogeton foliosus
Leafy Pondweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Potamogeton foliosus ssp. foliosus
Leafy Pondweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Potamogeton illinoensis
Illinois Pondweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Potamogeton nodosus
Knotty Pondweed, Longleaf Pondweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Potamogeton pulcher
Spotted Pondweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Potamogeton pusillus
Small Pondweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Potentilla simplex
Common Cinquefoil, Oldfield Cinquefoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Prenanthes altissima
Tall Rattlesnakeroot, Tall White Lettuce

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Prenanthes barbata
Barbed Rattlesnake-root

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Proboscidea louisianica
Louisiana Devil's-claw, Devil's-claw, Ram's-horn, Unicorn Plant, Proboscis Flower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Proboscidea louisianica ssp. louisianica
Ram's Horn, Devil's Claw, Unicorn Plant, Ram's Horn

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Proserpinaca palustris
Marsh Mermaidweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Proserpinaca pectinata
Comb-leaf Mermaidweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Prosopis glandulosa
Honey Mesquite, Glandular Mesquite, Algarroba

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Prunella vulgaris
Common Selfheal

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Prunus angustifolia
Chickasaw Plum, Sandhill Plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Prunus caroliniana
Carolina Cherry-laurel, Cherry-laurel, Laurel Cherry, Carolina Laurel Cherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Prunus gracilis
Oklahoma Plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Prunus mexicana
Mexican Plum, Bigtree Plum, Inch Plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Prunus minutiflora
Texas Almond, Texas Wild Almond, Dwarf Plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Prunus serotina
Black Cherry, Wild Black Cherry, Rum Cherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Prunus serotina var. serotina
Eastern Black Cherry, Black Cherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Prunus umbellata
Flatwoods Plum, Hog Plum, Black Sloe

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water: Dry

Pseudognaphalium helleri
Heller's Cudweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pseudognaphalium obtusifolium
Sweet Everlasting, Rabbit-tobacco, Fragrant Cudweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pseudognaphalium obtusifolium ssp. obtusifolium
Blunt-leaf Rabbit-tobacco, Rabbit Tobacco, Sweet Everlasting, Fragrant Cudweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Psilostrophe gnaphalioides
Dudweed

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Psilostrophe tagetina
Woolly Paperflower, Paperflower

Duration: Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Psilostrophe tagetina var. cerifera
Woolly Paperflower, Plains Paperflower, Hairy Paperflower

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Psoralidium tenuiflorum
Slimflower Scurfpea, Scurfy Pea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ptelea trifoliata
Wafer Ash, Common Hoptree, Hop Tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Ptelea trifoliata ssp. trifoliata
Baldwin Hop-tree, Common Hoptree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Pteridium aquilinum
Western Bracken Fern, Bracken Fern, Western Bracken, Bracken

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Pteridium aquilinum var. pseudocaudatum
Bracken Fern, Bracken, Western Bracken Fern, Western Bracken

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Pterocaulon virgatum
Wand Blackroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Ptilimnium capillaceum
Herbwilliam

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ptilimnium costatum
Ribbed Mock Bishopweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ptilimnium nuttallii
Laceflower, Mock Bishop's-weed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pycnanthemum albescens
Whiteleaf Mountain Mint

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Pycnanthemum muticum
Clustered Mountainmint

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pycnanthemum tenuifolium
Narrowleaf Mountain Mint, Slender Mountain Mint, Common Horsemint

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Pyrrhopappus carolinianus
Carolina Desert-chicory, Texas Dandelion, False Dandelion

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pyrrhopappus grandiflorus
Tuberous Desert-chicory

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pyrrhopappus pauciflorus
Smallflower Desert-chicory, Texas Dandelion, False Dandelion

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Quercus alba
White Oak, Northern White Oak, Eastern White Oak, Stave Oak, Ridge White Oak, Forked-leaf White Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Quercus boyntonii
Boynton Sand Post Oak, Boynton Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light:
Water:

Quercus buckleyi
Texas Red Oak, Buckley Oak, Texas Oak, Spanish Oak, Spotted Oak, Rock Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus falcata
Southern Red Oak, Bottomland Red Oak, Three-lobed Red Oak, Spanish Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus fusiformis
Escarpment Live Oak, Plateau Live Oak, Hill Country Live Oak, Texas Live Oak, Scrub Live Oak, Plateau Oak, Encino Molino, Tesmoli

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus gravesii
Chisos Red Oak, Graves Oak, Mountain Red Oak, Rock Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus hemisphaerica
Coast Laurel Oak, Darlington Oak, Laurel Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Quercus incana
Bluejack Oak, Sandjack Oak, Upland Willow Oak, Cinnamon Oak, Shin Oak, Turkey Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus laurifolia
Laurel Oak, Swamp Laurel Oak, Darlington Oak, Diamond-leaf Oak, Laurel-leaf Oak, Water Oak, Obtusa Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Quercus lyrata
Overcup Oak, Swamp Post Oak, Water White Oak, Swamp White Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus macrocarpa
Bur Oak, Burr Oak, Savanna Oak, Overcup Oak, Prairie Oak, Mossy-cup Oak, Mossy-overcup Oak, Blue Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Quercus margaretta
Sand Post Oak, Runner Oak, Drummond Post Oak, Dwarf Post Oak, Scrubby Post Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Quercus marilandica
Blackjack Oak, Barren Oak, Black Oak, Jack Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus michauxii
Swamp Chestnut Oak, Basket Oak, Cow Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Quercus mohriana
Mohr Oak, Shin Oak, Scrub Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus muehlenbergii
Chinkapin Oak, Chinquapin Oak, Chestnut Oak, Yellow Chestnut Oak, Rock Chestnut Oak, Yellow Oak, Rock Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus nigra
Water Oak, Possum Oak, Duck Oak, Punk Oak, Spotted Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Quercus pagoda
Cherrybark Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Quercus phellos
Willow Oak, Swamp Willow Oak, Pin Oak, Peach Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Quercus polymorpha
Mexican White Oak, Netleaf White Oak, Monterrey Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Quercus shumardii
Shumard Oak, Shumard's Oak, Shumard Red Oak, Southern Red Oak, Swamp Red Oak, Spotted Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Quercus similis
Bottomland Post Oak, Delta Post Oak, Mississippi Valley Oak, Yellow Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Quercus sinuata
Bastard Oak, Durand Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Quercus sinuata var. breviloba
White Shin Oak, Bigelow Oak, Scaly-bark Oak, Limestone Durand Oak, Shortlobe Oak, Bastard Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus sinuata var. sinuata
Durand Oak, Durand White Oak, Bluff Oak, Bastard Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light:
Water:

Quercus stellata
Post Oak, Iron Oak, Cross Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus texana
Nuttall Oak, Texas Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Quercus velutina
Black Oak, Quercitron Oak, Yellow Oak, Smoothbark Oak, Yellowbark Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus virginiana
Coastal Live Oak, Southern Live Oak, Virginia Live Oak, Live Oak, Encino

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Quincula lobata
Purple Groundcherry, Chinese Lantern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ranunculus abortivus
Littleleaf Buttercup, Kidney-leaf Buttercup, Early Wood Buttercup

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Ranunculus fascicularis
Early Buttercup, Tufted Buttercup, Prairie Buttercup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water:

Ranunculus hispidus
Bristly Buttercup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Ranunculus hispidus var. nitidus
Bristly Buttercup, Buttercup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ranunculus laxicaulis
Mississippi Buttercup

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ranunculus macranthus
Large Buttercup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Ranunculus pusillus
Low Spearwort, Weakstem Buttercup

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ranunculus recurvatus
Blisterwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ranunculus sceleratus
Cursed Buttercup

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Ranunculus sceleratus var. sceleratus
Cursed Buttercup

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ratibida columnifera
Mexican Hat, Red-spike Mexican Hat, Upright Prairie Coneflower, Prairie Coneflower, Long-headed Coneflower, Thimbleflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Rayjacksonia aurea
Houston Camphor-daisy, Houston Tansy-aster, Houston Daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rayjacksonia phyllocephala
Camphor Daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rhamnus lanceolata
Lanceleaf Buckthorn, Lance-leaf Buckthorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Rhamnus lanceolata ssp. glabrata
Lanceleaf Buckthorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Rhexia lutea
Yellow Meadow Beauty

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rhexia mariana
Maryland Meadow Beauty, Pale Meadow Beauty

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Rhexia petiolata
Fringed Meadow Beauty

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rhexia virginica
Handsome-harry, Virginia Meadow Beauty

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Rhododendron canescens
Mountain Azalea, Wild Azalea, Honeysuckle Azalea, Piedmont Azalea, Sweet Azalea, Hoary Azalea, Southern Pinxterflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Rhododendron oblongifolium
Texas Azalea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade
Water: Dry

Rhododendron prinophyllum
Early Azalea, Roseshell Azalea, Woolly Azalea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Rhododendron viscosum
Swamp Azalea, Clammy Azalea, Cory Azalea, Hammock Sweet Azalea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Rhododon ciliatus
Texas Sandmint

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rhus aromatica
Fragrant Sumac, Aromatic Sumac, Lemon Sumac, Polecat Bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rhus aromatica var. aromatica
Fragrant Sumac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Rhus aromatica var. serotina
Fragrant Sumac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Rhus copallinum
Winged Sumac, Shining Sumac, Flameleaf Sumac, Mountain Sumac, Dwarf Sumac, Wing-rib Sumac, Black Sumac, Upland Sumac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Rhus glabra
Smooth Sumac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Rhus lanceolata
Prairie Flameleaf Sumac, Flameleaf Sumac, Prairie Sumac, Lance-leaf Sumac, Lance-leaved Sumac, Texas Sumac, Tree Sumac, Limestone Sumac, Prairie Shining Sumac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Rhus microphylla
Littleleaf Sumac, Desert Sumac, Correosa, Agritos

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Rhus trilobata
Skunkbush, Skunkbush Sumac, Fragrant Sumac, Aromatic Sumac, Scented Sumac, Ill-scented Sumac, Basketbush, Squawbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Rhus trilobata var. pilosissima
Downy Fragrant Sumac, Downy Aromatic Sumac, Pubescent Skunkbush Sumac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Rhus virens
Evergreen Sumac, Tobacco Sumac, Lambrisco, Lentrisco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Rhynchosia americana
American Snoutbean

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light:
Water:

Rhynchosia latifolia
Prairie Snoutbean

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Rhynchosia minima
Least Snoutbean

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Rhynchosia senna
Texas Snoutbean

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light:
Water:

Rhynchosia senna var. texana
Texas Snout-bean, Texas Snoutbean

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Rhynchosida physocalyx
Bladderpod Sida, Buffpetal, Beaked Sida

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rhynchospora caduca
Anglestem Beaksedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Rhynchospora capitellata
Brownish Beaksedge, Small-head Beaksedge, Point-beak Beaksedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Rhynchospora cephalantha
Bunched Beaksedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Rhynchospora colorata
Whitetop Sedge, White-topped Sedge, Starrush Whitetop, Star Sedge, Star Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Rhynchospora corniculata
Shortbristle Horned Beaksedge, Horned Beakrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Rhynchospora elliottii
Elliott's Beaksedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Rhynchospora globularis
Globe Beaksedge

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Rhynchospora glomerata
Clustered Beaksedge, Cluster Beak-rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Rhynchospora gracilenta
Slender Beaksedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Rhynchospora harveyi
Harvey's Beaksedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Rhynchospora inexpansa
Nodding Beaksedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Rhynchospora latifolia
Sand-swamp Whitetop Sedge, Tall Whitetop Sedge, Whitetop Sedge, Sand-swamp Whitetop, Tall Whitetop, Whitetop, Colorful Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Rhynchospora macrostachya
Tall Horned Beaksedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Rhynchospora nitens
Shortbeak Beaksedge

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Rhynchospora nivea
Showy Whitetop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Rhynchospora oligantha
Featherbristle Beaksedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Rhynchospora perplexa
Pineland Beaksedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Rhynchospora pusilla
Fairy Beaksedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Rhynchospora rariflora
Fewflower Beaksedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Rhynchospora recognita
Globe Beaksedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Rhynchospora scirpoides
Long-beak Beaksedge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Rhynchospora stenophylla
Coastal Plain Beaksedge

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Ribes curvatum
Granite Gooseberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Richardia tricocca
Prairie Mexican Clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rivina humilis
Pigeonberry, Rouge Plant, Baby-peppers, Bloodberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Robinia hispida
Bristly Locust, Standing Sweet Pea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Robinia pseudoacacia
Black Locust

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Rorippa palustris
Bog Yellowcress

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rorippa teres
Southern Marsh Yellowcress

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rosa carolina
Carolina Rose, Pasture Rose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Rosa carolina var. carolina
Carolina Rose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rosa foliolosa
White Prairie Rose, Leafy Rose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Rosa setigera
Climbing Prairie Rose, Climbing Rose, Prairie Rose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rosa setigera var. tomentosa
Climbing Rose, Illinois Rose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Rotala ramosior
Lowland Rotala

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Rubus aboriginum
Garden Dewberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub, Vine
Light:
Water:

Rubus argutus
Sawtooth Blackberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Rubus arvensis
Field Blackberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Rubus flagellaris
Northern Dewberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Rubus riograndis
Rio Grande Dewberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Rubus trivialis
Southern Dewberry, Dewberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rudbeckia fulgida
Orange Coneflower, Orange Rudbeckia, Perennial Black-eyed Susan

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Rudbeckia fulgida var. palustris
Prairie Coneflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rudbeckia grandiflora
Rough Coneflower, Tall Coneflower, Largeflower Coneflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Rudbeckia hirta
Black-eyed Susan, Common Black-eyed Susan, Brown-eyed Susan, Blackeyed Susan

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Rudbeckia laciniata
Green-headed Coneflower, Greenhead Coneflower, Cutleaf Coneflower, Wild Goldenglow, Sochan

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Rudbeckia laciniata var. laciniata
Cutleaf Coneflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Rudbeckia maxima
Giant Coneflower, Great Coneflower, Giant Brown-eyed Susan, Cabbage Coneflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Rudbeckia scabrifolia
Roughleaf Coneflower, Sabine Coneflower, Bog Brown-eyed Susan

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rudbeckia subtomentosa
Sweet Coneflower, Sweet Black-eyed Susan

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Rudbeckia texana
Texas Coneflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Rudbeckia triloba
Browneyed Susan, Brown-eyed-susan, Thin-leaved Coneflower, Three-lobed Rudbeckia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Ruellia caroliniensis
Carolina Wild Petunia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ruellia davisiorum
Rio Grande Wild Petunia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Ruellia humilis
Prairie Petunia, Fringeleaf Wild Petunia, Hairy Ruellia, Low Wild Petunia, Low Ruellia, Fringeleaf Ruellia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ruellia metziae
White Ruellia, Metz's Wild Petunia, Metz Wild Petunia, Wild White Petunia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Ruellia nudiflora
Violet Ruellia, Common Wild Petunia, Violet Wild Petunia, Wild Petunia, Hierba De La Calentura

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Ruellia nudiflora var. nudiflora
Violet Wild Petunia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ruellia nudiflora var. runyonii
Runyon's Wild Petunia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Ruellia occidentalis
Western Wild Petunia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Ruellia parryi
Parry's Wild Petunia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Ruellia pedunculata
Stalked Wild Petunia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ruellia strepens
Limestone Ruellia, Limestone Wild Petunia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rumex altissimus
Pale Dock

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rumex chrysocarpus
Amamastla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rumex hastatulus
Heart-wing Sorrel, Heartwing Sorrel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rumex maritimus
Golden Dock

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Rumex spiralis
Winged Dock

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rumex verticillatus
Swamp Dock

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ruppia maritima
Widgeongrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Sabal mexicana
Texas Palm, Texas Palmetto, Mexican Palm, Mexican Palmetto, Rio Grande Palmetto, Victoria Palmetto, Palma De Micharos, Apachite

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sabal minor
Dwarf Palmetto, Bush Palmetto, Palmetto

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sabatia angularis
Rosepink, Rose-pink

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Sabatia arenicola
Sand Rose Gentian

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Sabatia campanulata
Slender Rose Gentian, Slender Marsh Pink

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Wet, Moist

Sabatia campestris
Texas Star, Rose Gentian, Meadow Pink, Prairie Rose-gentian, Prairie Sabatia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Sabatia dodecandra
Marsh Rose Gentian, Marsch Rose-gentian, Large Marsh Pink

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Sabatia gentianoides
Pinewoods Rose Gentian

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Saccharum alopecuroides
Silver Plumegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Saccharum brevibarbe var. contortum
Shortbeard Plumegrass, Bent-awn Plumegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Saccharum giganteum
Sugarcane Plumegrass, Giant Plumegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Sacciolepis striata
American Cupscale

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Sagina decumbens
Trailing Pearlwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sagina decumbens ssp. decumbens
Trailing Pearlwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sagittaria calycina
Hooded Arrowhead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sagittaria graminea
Grassy Arrowhead, Grass-leaf Arrowhead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sagittaria graminea var. graminea
Grassy Arrowhead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sagittaria lancifolia
Lanceleaf Arrowhead, Duck-potato, Bulltongue Arrowhead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Sagittaria lancifolia ssp. media
Bulltongue Arrowhead, Scythe-fruit Arrowhead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Sagittaria latifolia
Broadleaf Arrowhead, Arrowhead, Duckroot, Duck-potato, Wapato

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Sagittaria papillosa
Nipplebract Arrowhead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sagittaria platyphylla
Delta Arrowhead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Salicornia bigelovii
Dwarf Saltwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Salicornia depressa
Virginia Glasswort, American Glasswort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Salix exigua
Coyote Willow, Narrow-leaf Willow, Narrowleaf Willow, Sandbar Willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Salix gooddingii
Goodding's Willow, San Joaquin Willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Salix humilis
Prairie Willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Dry

Salix humilis var. humilis
Prairie Willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Salix nigra
Black Willow, Gulf Black Willow, Swamp Willow, Sauz

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Salvia azurea
Pitcher Sage, Big Blue Sage, Azure Sage, Giant Blue Sage, Blue Sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Salvia azurea var. grandiflora
Pitcher Sage, Blue Sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Salvia ballotiflora
Shrubby Blue Sage, Blue Shrub Sage, Mejorana

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Salvia coccinea
Scarlet Sage, Tropical Sage, Blood Sage, Red Sage, Indian Fire

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Salvia engelmannii
Engelmann's Sage, Engelmann's Salvia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Salvia farinacea
Mealy Blue Sage, Mealy Sage, Mealycup Sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Salvia lyrata
Lyreleaf Sage, Cancer Weed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Salvia roemeriana
Cedar Sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Salvia texana
Texas Sage, Blue Sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Salvia whitehousei
Clustered Sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sambucus nigra
Black Elderberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light:
Water:

Sambucus nigra ssp. canadensis
Common Elderberry, Black Elder, Mexican Elderberry, Common Elder, Elderberry, Tapiro, Sauco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Samolus ebracteatus
Limewater Brookweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Samolus ebracteatus ssp. cuneatus
Limerock Brookweed, Limewater Brookweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Samolus valerandi
Seaside Brookweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Samolus valerandi ssp. parviflorus
Seaside Brookweed, Water Pimpernel, Thin-leaf Brookweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Sanguinaria canadensis
Bloodroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Sanicula canadensis
Canadian Blacksnakeroot, Black Snakeroot

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sanicula odorata
Clustered Blacksnakeroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sapindus saponaria
Wingleaf Soapberry, Soapberry, Wild China Tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Sapindus saponaria var. drummondii
Western Soapberry, Soapberry, Wild China Tree, Wild Chinaberry, Indian Soap Plant, Jaboncillo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sarracenia alata
Yellow Trumpets, Yellow Pitcher Plant, Yellow Trumpet, Flycatcher, Trumpet Pitcher Plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Wet

Sassafras albidum
Sassafras, White Sassafras, Ague Tree, Cinnamon Wood, Mitten Tree, Saloop, Smelling Stick

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Saururus cernuus
Lizard's Tail, Lizard Tail, Breastweed, Water Dragon

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Schaefferia cuneifolia
Desert Yaupon

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Schedonnardus paniculatus
Tumblegrass, Tumble Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Schizachyrium scoparium
Little Bluestem, Popotillo Azul

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Schoenocaulon texanum
Green Lily, Texas Feathershank, Texas Sabadilla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Schoenolirion croceum
Yellow Sunnybell, Yellow Sunny-bell

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Schoenoplectus americanus
Chairmaker's Bulrush, Olney Three-square

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Schoenoplectus californicus
California Bulrush, California Club-rush, Giant Bulrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Schoenoplectus pungens
Common Threesquare, Chairmaker's-rush, American Bulrush, Threesquare Bulrush, Sharp Clubrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani
Softstem Bulrush, Soft-stem Club-rush, Great Bulrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Scirpus atrovirens
Green Bulrush, Dark Green Bulrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Scirpus cyperinus
Woolgrass, Cottongrass Bulrush, Marsh Bulrush, Teddybear Paws

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Scirpus georgianus
Georgia Bulrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Scirpus pendulus
Rufous Bulrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Scleria ciliata
Fringed Nutrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Scleria oligantha
Littlehead Nutrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Scleria reticularis
Netted Nutrush

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Scleria triglomerata
Whip Nutrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Sclerocarpus uniserialis
Mexican Bonebract

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sclerocarpus uniserialis var. uniserialis
Mexican Bonebract

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Scoparia dulcis
Licorice Weed, Bitterbroom, Riceweed, Sweetbroom, Licoriceweed

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Scrophularia marilandica
Carpenter's Square, Maryland Figwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Scutellaria cardiophylla
Gulf Skullcap

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Scutellaria drummondii
Drummond's Skullcap

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Scutellaria drummondii var. drummondii
Drummond's Skullcap

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Scutellaria drummondii var. edwardsiana
Drummond's Skullcap

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Scutellaria elliptica
Hairy Skullcap

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Scutellaria integrifolia
Helmet-flower, Rough Skullcap, Common Large Skullcap, Tall Skullcap

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Scutellaria lateriflora
Blue Skullcap

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Scutellaria ovata
Heartleaf Skullcap, Heart-leaf Skullcap

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Scutellaria parvula
Small Skullcap

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Scutellaria parvula var. missouriensis
Leonard's Skullcap

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Scutellaria wrightii
Wright's Skullcap, Bushy Skullcap, Shrubby Skullcap

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sedum nuttallianum
Yellow Stonecrop

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Sedum pulchellum
Widowscross

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Wet

Sedum wrightii
Wright's Stonecrop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Selaginella apoda
Meadow Spikemoss

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Selaginella arenicola ssp. riddellii
Riddell's Spikemoss

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Selaginella lepidophylla
Flower Of Stone

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light:
Water:

Selaginella peruviana
Peruvian Spikemoss

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Senecio ampullaceus
Texas Ragwort, Texas Groundsel, Texas Butterweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Senecio flaccidus
Threadleaf Ragwort, Threadleaf Groundsel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Senegalia berlandieri
Guajillo, Berlandier Acacia, Berlandier's Acacia, Round-flowered Catclaw, Roundflower Catclaw, Mimosa Catclaw, Thornless Catclaw, Huajilla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Senegalia roemeriana
Roemer Acacia, Roemer's Acacia, Roundflower Catclaw, Round-flowered Catclaw, Catclaw Acacia, Catclaw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Senegalia wrightii
Wright Acacia, Wright's Acacia, Catclaw Acacia, Catclaw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Senna bauhinioides
Twinleaf Senna, Twinleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Senna lindheimeriana
Lindheimer's Senna, Velvet Leaf Senna, Velvetleaf Senna, Velvet-leaf Wild Sensitive-plant, Puppy-dog Ears

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Senna marilandica
Maryland Senna, Maryland Wild Senna, Southern Wild Senna, Wild Senna

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Senna obtusifolia
Java-bean, Sicklepod

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Senna pumilio
Dwarf Senna

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Senna roemeriana
Twoleaf Senna, Two Leaved Senna

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Sesbania drummondii
Rattlebush, Rattlebox, Poisonbean

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Sesbania herbacea
Coffeeweed, Bigpod Sesbania

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Sesbania vesicaria
Bagpod, Bladderpod

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Sesuvium maritimum
Slender Seapurslane

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sesuvium portulacastrum
Shoreline Seapurslane, Sea Purslane, Cenicilla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Setaria grisebachii
Grisebach's Bristlegrass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Setaria leucopila
Streambed Bristlegrass, Plains Bristlegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Setaria magna
Giant Bristlegrass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Setaria parviflora
Marsh Bristlegrass, Knotroot Bristlegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Setaria reverchonii
Reverchon's Bristlegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Setaria scheelei
Southwestern Bristlegrass, Scheele's Bristlegrass, Scheele's Foxtail Grass, Foxtail Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Setaria texana
Texas Bristlegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Setaria villosissima
Hairyleaf Bristlegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Seymeria texana
Texas Blacksenna

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sibara virginica
Virginia Winged Rockcress

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sicyos angulatus
One-seed Burr Cucumber, Star Cucumber

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Sida ciliaris
Bracted Fanpetals, Bracted Sida

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sida lindheimeri
Lindheimer's Sida, Showy Fanpetals

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sida longipes
Stockflower Fanpetals

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Sida rhombifolia
Cuban Jute

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Sida spinosa
Prickly Fanpetals

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Sideroxylon lanuginosum
Gum Bumelia, Gum Bully, Woollybucket Bumelia, Woolly Bumelia, Gum Woollybucket, Woolly Buckthorn, Chittamwood, Shittamwood, Gum Elastic, Coma, Black Haw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Sideroxylon lanuginosum ssp. rigidum
Gum Bully, Brazos Bumelia, Black Haw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Sideroxylon lycioides
Buckthorn Bumelia, Buckthorn Bully, Buckthorn, Smooth Bumelia, Ironwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light:
Water:

Silene antirrhina
Sleepy Silene, Sleepy Catchfly

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Silene stellata
Widow's Frill, Starry Campion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Silene subciliata
Prairie-fire Pink, Louisiana Catchfly, Catchfly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Silphium gracile
Slender Rosinweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Silphium laciniatum
Compassplant, Compass Plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Silphium radula
Roughstem Rosinweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Simsia calva
Awnless Bush Sunflower, Bush Sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Sisyrinchium albidum
White Blue-eyed Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sisyrinchium angustifolium
Narrowleaf Blue-eyed Grass, Narrow-leaf Blue-eyed-grass, Bermuda Blue-eyed Grass, Blue-eyed Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Sisyrinchium atlanticum
Eastern Blue-eyed Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Sisyrinchium biforme
Wiry Blue-eyed Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sisyrinchium campestre
Prairie Blue-eyed Grass, White-eyed Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Sisyrinchium chilense
Sword-leaf Blue-eyed Grass, Swordleaf Blue-eyed Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sisyrinchium langloisii
Roadside Blue-eyed Grass, Dotted Blue-eyed Grass, Southern Blue-eyed Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Sisyrinchium minus
Dwarf Blue-eyed-grass, Pink-eyed-grass, Pink Blue-eyed-grass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sisyrinchium rosulatum
Annual Blue-eyed Grass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sisyrinchium sagittiferum
Spearbract Blue-eyed Grass, Blue-eyed Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Smallanthus uvedalius
Hairy Leafcup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Smilax bona-nox
Sawbriar, Saw Greenbriar, Catbriar, Bullbriar, Stretchberry Vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Smilax glauca
Cat Greenbriar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Vine
Light:
Water:

Smilax lasioneura
Blue Ridge Carrionflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Smilax laurifolia
Laurel Greenbriar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Smilax pumila
Sarsaparilla Vine, Wild Sarsaparilla, Dwarf Smilax, Dwarf Greenbriar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Smilax rotundifolia
Roundleaf Greenbriar, Common Greenbriar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Smilax smallii
Lance-leaf Greenbriar, Southern Smilax, Jacksonvine, Jacksonbriar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Smilax tamnoides
Bristly Greenbriar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Smilax walteri
Coral Greenbriar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Solanum carolinense
Carolina Horsenettle, Carolina Horse-nettle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solanum dimidiatum
Western Horsenettle, Western Horse-nettle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solanum douglasii
Greenspot Nightshade

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Solanum elaeagnifolium
Silverleaf Nightshade, Silver-leaf Nightshade, White Horse Nettle, Trompillo, Tomato Weed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Solanum rostratum
Buffalo Bur, Buffalo Bur Nightshade

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Solanum triquetrum
Texas Nightshade, Hierba Mora

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago altissima
Tall Goldenrod, Late Goldenrod, Canadian Goldenrod, Canada Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Solidago arguta
Atlantic Goldenrod, Cutleaf Goldenrod, Sharpleaf Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago caesia
Wreath Goldenrod, Blue-stemmed Goldenrod, Bluestem Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Solidago canadensis
Canada Goldenrod, Canadian Goldenrod, Tall Goldenrod, Giant Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Solidago gigantea
Giant Goldenrod, Smooth Goldenrod, Tall Goldenrod, Late Goldenrod, Early Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Solidago juliae
Julia's Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago missouriensis
Missouri Goldenrod, Prairie Goldenrod, Missouri Basin Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Solidago nemoralis
Gray Goldenrod, Prairie Goldenrod, Oldfield Goldenrod, Grayleaf Goldenrod, Gray-leaved Goldenrod, Dyersweed Goldenrod, Dwarf Goldenrod, Field Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Solidago odora
Anisescented Goldenrod, Anise-scented Goldenrod, Sweet Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Solidago odora var. odora
Anisescented Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago patula
Roundleaf Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Solidago petiolaris
Downy Ragged Goldenrod, Downy Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago radula
Western Rough Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago rugosa
Wrinkleleaf Goldenrod, Wrinkle-leaf Goldenrod, Rough-leaved Goldenrod, Roughleaf Goldenrod, Rough-stemmed Goldenrod, Roughstem Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Solidago rugosa ssp. rugosa
Wrinkleleaf Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago sempervirens
Seaside Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Solidago sempervirens var. mexicana
Seaside Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago speciosa
Showy Goldenrod, Noble Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Solidago stricta
Wand Goldenrod, Wand-like Goldenrod, Willowleaf Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago tortifolia
Twistleaf Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago ulmifolia
Elmleaf Goldenrod, Elm-leaved Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Sophora secundiflora
Texas Mountain Laurel, Mountain Laurel, Mescal Bean, Mescal Bean Sophora, Frijolillo, Frijolito

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sorghastrum elliottii
Slender Indiangrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Sorghastrum nutans
Indiangrass, Yellow Indiangrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sparganium americanum
American Bur-reed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Spartina alterniflora
Saltmarsh Cordgrass, Saltwater Cordgrass, Salt Cordgrass, Smooth Cordgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Spartina bakeri
Sand Cordgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Spartina cynosuroides
Big Cordgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Spartina patens
Saltmeadow Cordgrass, Salt-meadow Cordgrass, Marsh-hay Cordgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Spartina pectinata
Prairie Cordgrass, Freshwater Cordgrass, Sloughgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Spartina spartinae
Gulf Cordgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Spergularia salina
Salt Sandspurry

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Spermolepis divaricata
Roughfruit Scaleseed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Spermolepis echinata
Bristly Scaleseed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Spermolepis inermis
Red River Scaleseed, Spreading Scaleseed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sphaeralcea angustifolia
Narrowleaf Globemallow, Copper Globemallow, Copper Mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Sphaeralcea hastulata
Spear Globemallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Sphenopholis intermedia
Slender Wedgescale

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Sphenopholis obtusata
Prairie Wedgescale

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Spigelia hedyotidea
Prairie Pinkroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Spigelia marilandica
Woodland Pinkroot, Pinkroot, Indian Pink

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Spigelia texana
Texas Pinkroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Spiranthes cernua
Nodding Ladies'-tresses, Ladies'-tresses, Nodding Lady's Tresses

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Spiranthes lacera
Northern Slender Ladies'-tresses, Slender Ladies'-tresses, Slender Lady's Tresses

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Spiranthes lacera var. gracilis
Southern Slender Ladies'-tresses, Slender Ladies'-tresses, Slender Lady's Tresses

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Spiranthes laciniata
Lace-lip Ladies'-tresses, Lace-lip Lady's Tresses

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Spiranthes longilabris
Giant-spiral Ladies'-tresses, Giant Spiral Lady's Tresses

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Spiranthes magnicamporum
Great Plains Ladies'-tresses, Great Plains Lady's Tresses

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Spiranthes odorata
Marsh Ladies'-tresses, Fragrant Ladies'-tresses, Marsh Lady's Tresses

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Spiranthes ovalis
October Ladies'-tresses, October Lady's Tresses

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Spiranthes parksii
Navasota Lady's Tresses , Navasota Ladies'-tresses

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Spiranthes praecox
Greenvein Ladies'-tresses, Greenvein Lady's Tresses

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Spiranthes tuberosa
Little Ladies'-tresses, Little Lady's Tresses

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Spiranthes vernalis
Spring Ladies'-tresses, Spring Lady's Tresses

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Spirodela polyrrhiza
Common Duckmeat, Giant Duckweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sporobolus airoides
Alkali Sacaton, Zacate Alcalino

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Sporobolus clandestinus
Rough Dropseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Sporobolus compositus
Composite Dropseed, Tall Dropseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Sporobolus compositus var. compositus
Composite Dropseed, Tall Dropseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Sporobolus cryptandrus
Sand Dropseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Sporobolus giganteus
Giant Dropseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Sporobolus junceus
Pineywoods Dropseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Sporobolus pyramidatus
Whorled Dropseed, Target Dropseed, Madagascar Dropseed

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Sporobolus silveanus
Silveus' Dropseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Sporobolus vaginiflorus
Poverty Dropseed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Sporobolus virginicus
Seashore Dropseed, Beach Dropseed, Seashore Rushgrass, Coastal Dropseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Sporobolus wrightii
Big Sacaton, Sacaton, Alkali Sacaton

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Stachys crenata
Mousesear, Shade Betony

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Stachys drummondii
Drummond's Hedgenettle, Pink Mint

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Stachys floridana
Florida Hedgenettle, Florida Betony

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Stachys tenuifolia
Smooth Hedgenettle, Slender Betony

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Steinchisma hians
Gaping Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Stellaria prostrata
Prostrate Starwort, Prostrate Chickweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Stenanthium gramineum
Eastern Featherbells, Featherbells

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Stenaria nigricans
Bluets, Diamond-flowers

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Stenaria nigricans var. nigricans
Diamondflowers, Narrowleaf Bluets, Baby's Breath, Bluets, Fine-leaf Bluets

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Stenosiphon linifolius
False Gaura

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Stewartia malacodendron
Silky Camellia, Virginia Stewartia, Round-fruited Stewartia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade
Water:

Stillingia sylvatica
Queen's-delight

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Stillingia texana
Texas Queen's Delight, Queen's Delight, Texas Toothleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Stillingia treculiana
Trecul's Toothleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Streptanthus hyacinthoides
Smooth Jewelflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Streptanthus platycarpus
Broadpod Jewelflower, Broadpod Twistflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Strophostyles helvola
Trailing Fuzzybean, Amberique-bean, Trailing Wild Bean

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun
Water:

Strophostyles leiosperma
Slickseed Fuzzybean

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Strophostyles umbellata
Pink Fuzzybean

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Stuckenia pectinata
Sago Pondweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Stylisma humistrata
Southern Dawnflower, White Stylisma

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Stylisma pickeringii
Pickering's Dawnflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Stylisma pickeringii var. pattersonii
Patterson's Dawnflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light:
Water:

Stylisma villosa
Hairy Dawnflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Stylodon carneus
Carolina False Vervain, Carolina Vervain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Stylosanthes biflora
Sidebeak Pencilflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Styphnolobium affine
Eve's Necklace, Eve's Necklacepod, Texas Sophora, Pink Sophora, Necklace Tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Styrax americanus
American Snowbell, American Snowbells, American Silverbells, Big-leaf Snowbell, Storax

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Styrax grandifolius
Bigleaf Snowbell, Bigleaf Storax, Coast Snowbell

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Styrax platanifolius
Sycamore-leaf Snowbell

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Styrax platanifolius ssp. texanus
Texas Snow-bell, Texas Snowbell

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Suaeda linearis
Annual Seepweed

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Symphoricarpos orbiculatus
Coralberry, Indian Currant, Buckbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Symphyotrichum divaricatum
Southern Annual Saltmarsh Aster, Lawn American-aster, White Wood Aster, Saltmarsh Aster, Slender Aster

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Symphyotrichum drummondii
Drummond's Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Symphyotrichum drummondii var. texanum
Drummond's Aster, Texas Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Symphyotrichum dumosum
Rice Button Aster, White Bushy Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Symphyotrichum dumosum var. dumosum
Bushy Aster, Rice Button Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Symphyotrichum ericoides
White Heath Aster, Heath Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Symphyotrichum ericoides var. ericoides
White Heath Aster, Heath Aster, White Aster, White Prairie Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Symphyotrichum falcatum
White Prairie Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Symphyotrichum laeve
Smooth Blue Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Symphyotrichum lanceolatum
Whitepanicle Aster, Panicled Aster, Lanceleaf Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Symphyotrichum lanceolatum ssp. hesperium
White Panicle Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Symphyotrichum lanceolatum ssp. lanceolatum
White Panicle Aster, Panicled Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Symphyotrichum lanceolatum ssp. lanceolatum var. lanceolatum
White Panicle Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Symphyotrichum lateriflorum
Calico Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Symphyotrichum lateriflorum var. lateriflorum
Calico Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Symphyotrichum oolentangiense
Skyblue Aster, Sky Blue American-aster, Azure Aster, Blue Devils

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Symphyotrichum patens
Late Purple Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Symphyotrichum patens var. patens
Spreading Aster, Late Purple Aster, Spread-leaf Aster, Sky-drop Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water:

Symphyotrichum praealtum
Willowleaf Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Symphyotrichum pratense
Barrens Silky Aster, Meadow Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Symphyotrichum puniceum
Purplestem Aster, Purple-stemmed Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Symphyotrichum sericeum
Western Silver Aster, Western Silver American-aster, Silky Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Symphyotrichum subulatum
Eastern Annual Saltmarsh Aster, Baby's Breath Aster, Annual Aster, Blackland Aster, Hierba Del Marrano

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Symplocos tinctoria
Horse Sugar, Common Sweetleaf, Sweetleaf, Yellowwood, Wild Laurel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Taenidia integerrima
Yellow Pimpernel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tauschia texana
Texas Umbrellawort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Taxodium distichum
Bald Cypress, Baldcypress, Common Bald Cypress, Southern Bald Cypress, Deciduous Cypress, Southern Cypress, Swamp Cypress, Red Cypress, White Cypress, Yellow Cypress, Gulf Cypress, Tidewater Red Cypress

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Tecoma stans
Yellow Bells, Yellowbells, Esperanza, Yellow Trumpetbush, Yellow Trumpetflower, Trumpetbush, Trumpetflower, Yellow Elder, Hardy Yellow Trumpet, Yellow Trumpet Bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Tephrosia onobrychoides
Multibloom Hoarypea, Multibloom Tephrosia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tephrosia virginiana
Goat's Rue, Virginia Tephrosia, Devil's Shoestring

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Tetraclea coulteri
Coulter's Wrinklefruit

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Tetragonotheca ludoviciana
Louisiana Nerveray

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tetragonotheca texana
Squarebud Daisy, Nerve-ray, Square-bud Daisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Tetraneuris linearifolia
Fineleaf Fournerved Daisy, Slender-leaf Hymenoxys, Bitterweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tetraneuris scaposa
Four-nerve Daisy, Hymenoxys, Stemmy Four-nerve Daisy, Yellow Daisy, Bitterweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Tetraneuris scaposa var. scaposa
Four-nerve Daisy, Hymenoxys, Stemmy Four-nerve Daisy, Bitterweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Teucrium canadense
Canada Germander, American Germander, Canadian Germander, Germander, Hairy Germander, Wood Sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Teucrium cubense
Coast Germander, Small Coastal Germander

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Thalia dealbata
Powdery Alligator-flag, Powdery Thalia, Water Canna

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Thalictrum dasycarpum
Purple Meadow-rue, Tall Meadow-rue, Meadow Rue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Thalictrum revolutum
Waxyleaf Meadow-rue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Thalictrum texanum
Houston Meadow-rue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Thamnosma texana
Texas Desert-rue, Dutchman's Breeches, Rue Of The Mountains, Ruda Del Monte

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Thaspium barbinode
Hairy-jointed Meadowparsnip

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Thaspium trifoliatum var. aureum
Yellow Meadow Parsnip, Golden Alexanders

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Thelesperma ambiguum
Colorado Greenthread

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Thelesperma filifolium
Stiff Greenthread, Greenthread

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Thelesperma filifolium var. filifolium
Stiff Greenthread, Showy Navajo Tea, Greenthread

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Thelesperma flavodiscum
East Texas Greenthread, Greenthread

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Thelesperma simplicifolium
Slender Greenthread, Navajo Tea, Cota

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Thelocactus setispinus
Miniature Barrel Cactus, Hedgehog Cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Thelypteris kunthii
Wood Fern, River Fern, Southern Shield Fern, Kunth's Maiden Fern, Normal Shield Fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Thelypteris ovata var. lindheimeri
Lindheimer's Marsh Fern, Lindheimer's Maiden Fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light:
Water:

Thelypteris palustris
Eastern Marsh Fern, Marsh Fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Thelypteris palustris var. pubescens
Eastern Marsh Fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Thurovia triflora
Threeflower Snakeweed

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Thymophylla acerosa
Prickly-leaf Dogweed, Texas Dogweed, Shrubby Dogweed, Prickleleaf Dogweed, Prickleaf Dogweed, Fetid Marigold, Scrubby Dogweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Thymophylla micropoides
Woolly Pricklyleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Thymophylla pentachaeta
Parralena, Fiveneedle Pricklyleaf, Five-needle Fetid Marigold

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Thymophylla pentachaeta var. pentachaeta
Parralena, Fiveneedle Pricklyleaf, Dogweed, Dyssodia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Thymophylla tenuiloba
Bristleleaf Pricklyleaf

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Thymophylla tenuiloba var. tenuiloba
Bristleleaf Pricklyleaf

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tidestromia lanuginosa
Woolly Tidestromia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tilia americana
American Basswood, American Linden, Lime Tree, Bee Tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Tilia americana var. caroliniana
Carolina Basswood, Florida Basswood, Small-leaved Basswood, Downy Basswood, Carolina Linden, Florida Linden, Small-leaved Linden, Downy Linden

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Tillandsia recurvata
Small Ball Moss, Ball Moss

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tillandsia usneoides
Spanish Moss

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water:

Tinantia anomala
False Dayflower, Widows Tears

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Tipularia discolor
Crippled Cranefly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tiquilia canescens
Woody Crinklemat, Shrubby Coldenia, Shrubby Tiquilia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Tiquilia canescens var. canescens
Woolly Crinklemat, Woody Crinklemat, Dog's Ear, Oreja De Perro, Rat's Ear Coldenia, Woody Tiquilia, Gray Tiquilia, Gray Coldenia, Shrubby Coldenia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tiquilia mexicana
Mexican Crinklemat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Toxicodendron pubescens
Atlantic Poison Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Toxicodendron radicans
Eastern Poison Ivy, Poison Ivy, Poison Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Vine
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Toxicodendron radicans ssp. radicans
Eastern Poison Ivy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Toxicodendron vernix
Poison Sumac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Trachelospermum difforme
Climbing Dogbane

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Tradescantia brevifolia
Trans-Pecos Spiderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Tradescantia edwardsiana
Plateau Spiderwort, Edwards' Spiderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Tradescantia gigantea
Giant Spiderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Tradescantia hirsutiflora
Hairyflower Spiderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Tradescantia humilis
Texas Spiderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tradescantia occidentalis
Prairie Spiderwort, Western Spiderwort, Spiderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Tradescantia ohiensis
Ohio Spiderwort, Bluejacket

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Tradescantia reverchonii
Reverchon's Spiderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tradescantia subacaulis
Stemless Spiderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Tragia betonicifolia
Betonyleaf Noseburn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tragia brevispica
Shortspike Noseburn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Tragia cordata
Heartleaf Noseburn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light:
Water:

Tragia ramosa
Branched Noseburn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tragia urticifolia
Nettleleaf Noseburn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light:
Water:

Trepocarpus aethusae
Whitenymph

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Triadenum tubulosum
Lesser Marsh St. Johnswort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Triadenum virginicum
Virginia Marsh St. Johnswort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Triadenum walteri
Greater Marsh St. Johnswort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Triantha racemosa
Coastal False Asphodel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Trianthema portulacastrum
Desert Horse-purslane, Horse-purslane, Black-pigweed, Giant-pigweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Trichloris crinita
Two-flowered Trichloris, False Rhodes Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Trichloris pluriflora
Multi-flowered False-rhodesgrass, Multiflower False Rhodes Grass, Showy Chloris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Trichocoronis rivularis
Rio Grande Bugheal

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Trichoneura elegans
Silveus Grass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Trichostema brachiatum
Fluxweed, False Pennyroyal

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Trichostema dichotomum
Forked Bluecurls, Blue Curls

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Tridens albescens
White Tridens, White Top

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Tridens flavus
Purpletop Tridens, Redtop Tridens, Tall Redtop Tridens, Purpletop, Redtop, Tall Redtop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Tridens flavus var. flavus
Purpletop Tridens

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Tridens muticus
Slim Tridens

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Tridens strictus
Longspike Tridens

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Tridens texanus
Texas Fluffgrass, Texas Tridens

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Trifolium bejariense
Bejar Clover

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Trifolium carolinianum
Carolina Clover

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Trifolium reflexum
Buffalo Clover

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Trillium gracile
Slender Trillium, Slender Wake-robin, Graceful Trillium, Graceful Wake-robin, Sabine River Trillium, Sabine River Wake-robin

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Trillium recurvatum
Prairie Trillium, Prairie Wake-robin, Bloody Butcher

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Trillium texanum
Texas Trillium, Texas Wakerobin

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Trillium viridescens
Tapertip Wakerobin, Tapertip Trillium

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Triodanis biflora
Small Venus' Looking-glass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Triodanis coloradoensis
Colorado Venus' Looking-glass, Western Venus' Looking Glass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Triodanis perfoliata
Clasping Venus's Looking-glass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Dry

Triodanis texana
Texas Venus' Looking-glass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Triosteum angustifolium
Yellow-fruit Horse-gentian, Narrow-leaved Horse-gentian, Narrowleaf Horse-gentian

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Triosteum perfoliatum
Feverwort, Wild Coffee

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Triphora trianthophora
Threebirds, Three-birds Orchid

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Triplasis purpurea
Purple Sandgrass, Purple Triplasis

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Tripsacum dactyloides
Eastern Gamagrass, Fakahatchee Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Trisetum interruptum
Prairie False Oat

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Typha domingensis
Southern Cattail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Typha latifolia
Broadleaf Cattail, Common Cattail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Ulmus alata
Winged Elm, Wahoo Elm, Cork Elm, Witch Elm

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ulmus americana
American Elm, White Elm, Soft Elm, Water Elm, Common Elm

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ulmus crassifolia
Cedar Elm, Fall Elm, Basket Elm, Scrub Elm, Lime Elm, Texas Elm, Southern Rock Elm, Olmo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ulmus rubra
Slippery Elm, Red Elm, Gray Elm, Soft Elm

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ungnadia speciosa
Mexican Buckeye, Monilla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Urochloa ciliatissima
Fringed Signalgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Urochloa fusca
Browntop Signalgrass

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Urochloa texana
Texas Signalgrass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Urtica chamaedryoides
Heart-leaf Stinging Nettle, Heart-leaf Nettle, Stinging Nettle

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Utricularia cornuta
Horned Bladderwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Wet

Utricularia foliosa
Leafy Bladderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Utricularia gibba
Humped Bladderwort, Bladderwort, Conespur Bladderpod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Utricularia inflata
Swollen Bladderwort, Floating Bladderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Utricularia juncea
Southern Bladderwort

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Utricularia macrorhiza
Common Bladderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Utricularia purpurea
Eastern Purple Bladderwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Utricularia radiata
Little Floating Bladderwort, Floating Bladderwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Wet

Utricularia subulata
Zigzag Bladderwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Uvularia perfoliata
Perfoliate Bellwort, Mealy Bellwort, Merrybells

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Uvularia sessilifolia
Spreading Bellwort, Straw Lily, Wild Oats, Merrybells, Sessile-leaf Bellwort, Sessile Bellwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Vaccinium arboreum
Farkleberry, Tree Sparkleberry, Sparkleberry, Winter Huckleberry, Huckleberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Vaccinium corymbosum
Highbush Blueberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Vaccinium elliottii
Elliott's Blueberry, Mayberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Vaccinium fuscatum
Black Highbush Blueberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Vaccinium stamineum
Deerberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Vachellia farnesiana
Huisache, Texas Huisache, Sweet Acacia, Perfume Acacia, Mealy Acacia, Mealy Wattle, Cassie

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Vachellia rigidula
Blackbrush Acacia, Blackbrush, Chaparro Prieto, Gavia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Vachellia vernicosa
Viscid Acacia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Valerianella amarella
Hairy Cornsalad

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Valerianella radiata
Beaked Cornsalad, Woods Corn-salad

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Veratrum virginicum
Virginia Bunchflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Verbena bracteata
Bigbract Verbena, Carpet Vervain, Prostrate Vervain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Verbena canescens
Gray Vervain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Verbena halei
Texas Vervain, Slender Verbena, Texas Verbena, Slender Vervain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Verbena plicata
Fanleaf Vervain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Verbena scabra
Sandpaper Vervain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Verbena simplex
Narrowleaf Vervain, Narrow-leaved Vervain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Verbena urticifolia
White Vervain, White Verbena

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Verbena xutha
Gulf Vervain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Verbesina alternifolia
Wingstem, Yellow Ironweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Verbesina encelioides
Cowpen Daisy, Golden Crownbeard, Butter Daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Verbesina helianthoides
Gravelweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Verbesina virginica
Frostweed, White Crownbeard, Iceplant, Iceweed, Virginia Crownbeard, Indian Tobacco, Richweed, Squawweed

Duration: Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Verbesina virginica var. virginica
Frostweed, White Crownbeard

Duration: Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Vernonia baldwinii
Western Ironweed, Baldwin's Ironweed, Ironweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Vernonia fasciculata
Prairie Ironweed, Common Ironweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Vernonia gigantea
Giant Ironweed, Tall Ironweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Vernonia gigantea ssp. gigantea
Giant Ironweed, Tall Ironweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Vernonia lindheimeri
Woolly Ironweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Vernonia missurica
Missouri Ironweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Vernonia texana
Texas Ironweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Veronica anagallis-aquatica
Water Speedwell

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Veronica peregrina
American Speedwell, Purslane Speedwell, Neckweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Veronicastrum virginicum
Culver's Root

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Viburnum acerifolium
Mapleleaf Viburnum, Maple-leaf Viburnum, Maple-leaf Arrowwood, Arrowwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Viburnum dentatum
Southern Arrowwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Viburnum nudum
Possumhaw Viburnum, Possumhaw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Viburnum nudum var. nudum
Possumhaw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light:
Water:

Viburnum prunifolium
Blackhaw, Smooth Blackhaw, Blackhaw Viburnum, Smooth Blackhaw Viburnum, Stagbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Viburnum recognitum
Southern Arrowwood, Northern Arrowwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade
Water: Wet

Viburnum rufidulum
Rusty Blackhaw Viburnum, Rusty Blackhaw, Southern Blackhaw, Blackhaw, Bluehaw, Downy Viburnum, Southern Nannyberry, Rusty Nannyberry, Nannyberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Vicia caroliniana
Carolina Vetch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Vicia ludoviciana
Deer Pea Vetch, Louisiana Vetch

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Vicia ludoviciana ssp. leavenworthii
Leavenworth's Vetch

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Vicia ludoviciana ssp. ludoviciana
Deer Pea Vetch, Louisiana Vetch

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Vicia minutiflora
Pygmyflower Vetch

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light:
Water:

Vigna luteola
Hairypod Cowpea, Yellow Vigna

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Viguiera dentata
Plateau Goldeneye, Sunflower Goldeneye, Toothleaf Goldeneye, Chimalacate

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Viguiera stenoloba
Skeleton-leaf Goldeneye, Resinbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Viola bicolor
Field Pansy, Wild Pansy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Viola lanceolata
Lance-leaf Violet, Bog White Violet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Viola lanceolata ssp. lanceolata
Bog White Violet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Viola missouriensis
Missouri Violet

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Viola pedata
Birdfoot Violet, Bird's-foot Violet, Bird-foot Violet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Viola pubescens
Downy Yellow Violet, Downy Violet, Hairy Yellow Violet, Yellow Violet, Common Yellow Violet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Viola pubescens var. pubescens
Downy Yellow Violet, Downy Violet, Hairy Violet, Yellow Violet, Common Yellow Violet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Viola sagittata
Arrowleaf Violet, Arrow-leaved Violet, Upland Violet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Viola sagittata var. sagittata
Arrowleaf Violet, Triangle-leafed Violet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Viola sororia
Missouri Violet, Common Blue Violet, Hooded Blue Violet, Florida Violet, Meadow Violet, Confederate Violet, Dooryard Violet, Purple Violet, Woolly Blue Violet, Wood Violet, Hooded Violet

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Viola triloba
Three-lobe Violet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Viola walteri
Walter's Violet, Prostrate Blue Violet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Vitis aestivalis
Summer Grape , Pigeon Grape

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Vitis aestivalis var. lincecumii
Long Grape

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Vitis cinerea var. helleri
Winter Grape, Heller's Grape, Gray-leaf Grape, Smooth-leaf Grape, Sweet Grape, Spanish Grape

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Vitis monticola
Sweet Mountain Grape, Champin Grape

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun
Water:

Vitis mustangensis
Mustang Grape

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Vitis rotundifolia
Muscadine, Scuppernong Grape

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Vitis rupestris
Sand Grape

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Vitis vulpina
Frost Grape, Fox Grape

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Vulpia elliotea
Squirreltail Fescue

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Vulpia octoflora
Common Sixweeks Grass, Sixweeks Fescue

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Warnockia scutellarioides
Prairie Brazosmint, Prairie Brazoria

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Wedelia acapulcensis var. hispida
Zexmenia, Orange Zexmenia, Hairy Wedelia, Wedelia, Texas Creeping-oxeye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Willkommia texana
Texas Willkommia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water: Moist

Wisteria frutescens
American Wisteria, Texas Wisteria, Kentucky Wisteria

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Wolffia columbiana
Columbian Watermeal

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Woodsia obtusa
Bluntlobe Cliff Fern, Blunt Cliff Fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Woodwardia areolata
Netted Chainfern, Chain Fern, Netted Chain Fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Woodwardia virginica
Virginia Chainfern, Virginia Chain Fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Xanthisma texanum
Texas Sleepy Daisy, Yellow Sleepy Daisy, Star Of Texas

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Xanthisma texanum var. drummondii
Drummond's Sleepy Daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Xanthium strumarium
Rough Cocklebur

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Xanthorhiza simplicissima
Yellowroot, Shrub Yellowroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade
Water:

Xyris ambigua
Coastal Plain Yelloweyed Grass, Coastalplain Yelloweyed Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Xyris baldwiniana
Baldwin's Yelloweyed Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Xyris caroliniana
Carolina Yelloweyed Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Xyris difformis
Bog Yelloweyed Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Xyris fimbriata
Fringed Yelloweyed Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Xyris jupicai
Richard's Yelloweyed Grass

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Xyris laxifolia var. iridifolia
Irisleaf Yelloweyed Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Xyris louisianica
Louisiana Yelloweyed Grass

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Xyris platylepis
Broad-scale Yellow-eyed Grass, Tall Yelloweyed Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Xyris torta
Twisted Yellow-eyed Grass, Slender Yellow-eyed Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Yeatesia viridiflora
Yellow Bractspike

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Yucca arkansana
Arkansas Yucca, Softleaf Yucca

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Yucca constricta
Buckley Yucca, Buckley's Yucca

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Yucca filamentosa
Adam's Needle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Yucca louisianensis
Gulf Coast Yucca

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Yucca reverchonii
San Angelo Yucca

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Yucca thompsoniana
Thompson's Yucca, Thompson Yucca, Beaked Yucca, Big Bend Yucca, Soyate, Palmita, Trans-Pecos Yucca

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Yucca torreyi
Torrey Yucca, Torrey's Yucca, Spanish Bayonet, Spanish Dagger, Old Shag, Palma

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Zannichellia palustris
Horned Pondweed, Horned Poolmat, Horned-pondweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Zanthoxylum clava-herculis
Hercules Club, Pepperbark, Toothache Tree, Tickle Tongue, Prickly Ash

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Zephyranthes pulchella
Showy Zephyrlily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Zigadenus nuttallii
Nuttall's Death Camas, Death Camas, Poison-onion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Zinnia anomala
Shortray Zinnia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Zizaniopsis miliacea
Giant Cutgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Zizia aurea
Golden Zizia, Golden Alexanders

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ziziphus obtusifolia
Lotebush, Lote-bush Condalia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ziziphus obtusifolia var. obtusifolia
Lotebush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Zornia bracteata
Viperina

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: