Texas Blackland Prairies

This EPA Level III ecoregion encompasses all or part of 42 Texas counties. Lying entirely within the state of Texas, this ecoregion covers approximately the same land area as the Texas Parks & Wildlife Department’s Blackland Prairie vegetative region. It is comprised of two parallel bands separated by the East Central Texas Plains ecoregion and extending from southern Texas north to very near the Oklahoma border.


Thumb Species Characteristics

Abronia angustifolia
Purple Sand Verbena, Narrow-leaf Sand-verbena

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Abronia fragrans
Fragrant Sand-verbena, Snowball Sand Verbena, Sweet Sand-verbena, Prairie Snowball, Sand Verbena, Heart's Delight

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Abutilon fruticosum
Indian Mallow, Texas Indian Mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Abutilon malacum
Yellow Indian Mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Abutilon parvulum
Dwarf Indian Mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Abutilon wrightii
Wright's Indian Mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Acaciella angustissima
Prairie Acacia, Fern Acacia, Whiteball Acacia, Prairie Wattle, White-ball Acacia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Acaciella angustissima var. hirta
Prairie Acacia, Texas Prairie Acacia, Texas Fern Acacia, Prairie Wattle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Acalypha gracilens
Slender Threeseed Mercury

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Acalypha monococca
Slender Threeseed Mercury

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Acalypha monostachya
Round Copperleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Acalypha ostryifolia
Pineland Threeseed Mercury, Hop-hornbeam Copperleaf

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Acalypha phleoides
Shrubby Copperleaf, Three-seeded Mercury

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Acalypha radians
Cardinal's Feather, Cardinal Feather

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Acalypha rhomboidea
Common Threeseed Mercury, Virginia Threeseed Mercury

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Acalypha virginica
Virginia Threeseed Mercury

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Acer grandidentatum
Bigtooth Maple, Big-toothed Maple, Uvalde Bigtooth Maple, Southwestern Bigtooth Maple, Canyon Maple, Sabinal Maple, Western Sugar Maple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Acer negundo
Box Elder, Box Elder Maple, Ash-leaved Maple, Ashleaf Maple, Red River Maple, Fresno De Guajuco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Acer rubrum
Red Maple, Scarlet Maple, Soft Maple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Acer saccharinum
Silver Maple, Soft Maple, White Maple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Achillea millefolium
Common Yarrow, Western Yarrow, Yarrow, Milfoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Acleisanthes longiflora
Angel Trumpets, Angel's Trumpets

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Acleisanthes obtusa
Berlandier's Trumpets, Vine Four O'Clock

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Acmella oppositifolia
Oppositeleaf Spotflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Acmella oppositifolia var. repens
Oppositeleaf Spotflower, Opposite-leaf Spotflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Acourtia runcinata
Featherleaf Desertpeony, Peonia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Adiantum capillus-veneris
Southern Maidenhair Fern, Common Maidenhair Fern, Maidenhair Fern, Venus Hair Fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Adolphia infesta
Junco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Aesculus glabra
Ohio Buckeye, Texas Buckeye, Fetid Buckeye, Horse Chestnut

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Aesculus glabra var. arguta
Ohio Buckeye, White Buckeye, Texas Buckeye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Aesculus pavia
Scarlet Buckeye , Red Buckeye, Firecracker Plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Aesculus pavia var. flavescens
Texas Yellow Buckeye, Yellow Woolly Buckeye, Pale Buckeye, Plateau Yellow Buckeye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Aesculus pavia var. pavia
Scarlet Buckeye, Red Buckeye, Southern Buckeye, Firecracker Plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Agalinis edwardsiana
Plateau False Foxglove, Plateau Agalinis, Plateau Gerardia, Plateau False-foxglove

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Agalinis fasciculata
Beach False Foxglove

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Agalinis heterophylla
Prairie Agalinis, Prairie False-foxglove

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Agalinis homalantha
San Antonio False Foxglove

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Agalinis purpurea
Purple False Foxglove, Purple Gerardia, Gerardia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Agalinis strictifolia
Stiffleaf False Foxglove

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Agalinis tenuifolia
Slenderleaf False Foxglove

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Ageratina altissima
White Snakeroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Ageratina havanensis
Shrubby Boneset, White Mistflower, White Shrub Mistflower, Havana Snakeroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Agrostis hyemalis
Winter Bentgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Agrostis perennans
Upland Bentgrass, Autumn Bentgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Aletris aurea
Golden Colicroot, Colicroot, Star Grass, Yellow Colic Root

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Allionia choisyi
Smooth Trailing Four O'Clock, Trailing Four O'Clock, Annual Windmills, Umbrellawort, Garapatilla

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Allionia incarnata
Trailing Windmills, Trailing Four O'Clock, Pink Windmills, Trailing Allionia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Allium canadense
Meadow Garlic, Wild Garlic, Wild Onion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Allium canadense var. canadense
Canada Onion, Meadow Garlic, Wild Onion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Allium canadense var. fraseri
Fraser Meadow Garlic, Fraser Meadow Garlic

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Allium canadense var. hyacinthoides
Hyacinth Meadow Garlic

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Allium canadense var. mobilense
Meadow Garlic, Wild Onion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Allium drummondii
Drummond's Onion, Wild Garlic, Drummond Wild Onion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Allium elmendorfii
Elmendorf's Onion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Allium stellatum
Autumn Onion, Prairie Onion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Allowissadula holosericea
Velvet-leaf Mallow, Chisos Mountain False Indianmallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Alnus serrulata
Smooth Alder, Hazel Alder, Brookside Alder, Tag Alder, Common Alder, Black Alder

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Alopecurus carolinianus
Carolina Foxtail

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Alophia drummondii
Propeller Flower, Purple Pleat-leaf, Pinewoods Lily, Prairie Iris, Pleatleaf Iris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Aloysia gratissima
Whitebrush, Bee-brush, White-brush, Common Bee-brush, Beebrush, Privet Lippia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Aloysia wrightii
Wright's Beebrush, Wright's Lippia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Amaranthus greggii
Gregg's Amaranth

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Amaranthus hybridus
Slim Amaranth

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Amaranthus palmeri
Carelessweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Amaranthus polygonoides
Tropical Amaranth

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Amaranthus powellii
Powell's Amaranth, Green Amaranth, Powell's Smooth Amaranth

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Amaranthus retroflexus
Redroot Amaranth

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Amaranthus scleropoides
Bonebract Amaranth

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Amaranthus spinosus
Spiny Amaranth, Thorny Pigweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Amaranthus tuberculatus
Roughfruit Amaranth, Water Hemp

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Moist

Amblyolepis setigera
Huisache Daisy, Butterfly Daisy, Honey Daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ambrosia artemisiifolia
Annual Ragweed, Short Ragweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ambrosia confertiflora
Weakleaf Bur Ragweed, Weak Leaved Burweed, Slimleaf Bursage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ambrosia psilostachya
Cuman Ragweed, Western Ragweed, Perennial Ragweed, Common Ragweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ambrosia trifida
Great Ragweed, Giant Ragweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ambrosia trifida var. texana
Texan Great Ragweed, Giant Ragweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Ammannia auriculata
Eared Redstem

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ammannia coccinea
Valley Redstem, Scarlet Tooth-cup

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Ammannia robusta
Grand Redstem

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Wet

Ammoselinum popei
Plains Sandparsley

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Amorpha canescens
Leadplant, Leadplant Amorpha, Prairie Shoestring

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Amorpha fruticosa
Indigo Bush, False Indigo Bush, False Indigo, Desert False Indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Amorpha paniculata
Panicled False Indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Amorpha roemeriana
Roemer's False Indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Ampelopsis cordata
Heartleaf Peppervine, Heart-leaf Ampelopsis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Amphiachyris amoena
Texas Broomweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Amphiachyris dracunculoides
Prairie Broomweed, Broomweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Amphicarpaea bracteata
American Hogpeanut

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Amsinckia menziesii var. menziesii
Menzies' Fiddleneck

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Amsonia ciliata
Fringed Bluestar, Bluestar, Texas Bluestar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Amsonia illustris
Ozark Bluestar, Showy Blue-star, Missouri Blue Star, Swamp Bluestar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Amsonia longiflora
Tubular Bluestar, Trumpet Slimpod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Amsonia longiflora var. salpignantha
Tubular Bluestar, Trumpet Slimpod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Amsonia repens
Creeping Bluestar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Amyris texana
Chapotillo, Texas Torchwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Anagallis minima
Chaffweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Andropogon gerardii
Big Bluestem, Tall Bluestem, Turkeyfoot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Andropogon glomeratus
Bushy Bluestem, Brushy Bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Andropogon ternarius
Splitbeard Bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Andropogon virginicus
Broomsedge, Broomsedge Bluestem, Yellowsedge Bluestem, Whiskey Grass, Popotillo Pajon

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Androstephium coeruleum
Blue Funnel-lily, Prairie Lily, Funnel-flower, Fragrant Lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Anemia mexicana
Mexican Fern, Mexican Flowering Fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light:
Water:

Anemone berlandieri
Tenpetal Anemone, Tenpetal Thimbleweed, Windflower, Southern Anemone, Granny's Nightcap

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Anemone caroliniana
Carolina Anemone, Carolina Thimbleweed, Southern Thimbleweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Anemone edwardsiana
Edwards Plateau Thimbleweed, Two-flowered Anemone

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water:

Anemone edwardsiana var. edwardsiana
Edwards Plateau Thimbleweed, Edwards Thimbleweed , Two-flower Anemone

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Anemone tuberosa
Tuber Anemone, Desert Anemone

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Anemopsis californica
Yerba Mansa, Yerba-mansa, Lizard Tail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Anisacanthus quadrifidus var. wrightii
Flame Acanthus, Hummingbird Bush, Wright's Desert Honeysuckle, Wright Acanthus, Mexican Flame, Wright's Mexican Flame

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Anoda cristata
Crested Anoda

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Antennaria parlinii
Parlin's Pussytoes, Ladies' Tobacco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Antennaria parlinii ssp. fallax
Parlin's Pussytoes

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Antennaria plantaginifolia
Woman's Tobacco, Ladies' Tobacco, Everlasting, Mouse Ear, Plantain-leaf Pussytoes

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Anthaenantia rufa
Purple Silkyscale

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Aphanostephus ramosissimus
Plains Dozedaisy, Lazy Daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Aphanostephus ramosissimus var. ramosissimus
Plains Dozedaisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Aphanostephus riddellii
Lazy Daisy, Riddell's Dozedaisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Aphanostephus skirrhobasis
Lazy Daisy, Arkansas Lazy Daisy, Arkansas Doze-daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Apios americana
Groundnut, Wild Potato, Indian Potato

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Apocynum cannabinum
Indian Hemp, Prairie Dogbane, Hemp Dogbane, Dogbane

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Aquilegia canadensis
Eastern Red Columbine, Wild Red Columbine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Aquilegia chrysantha
Golden Columbine, Yellow Columbine, Southwestern Yellow Columbine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Aquilegia chrysantha var. hinckleyana
Hinckley's Golden Columbine, Yellow Columbine, Hinckley Columbine, Capote Columbine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Arabis canadensis
Sicklepod

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Arabis petiolaris
Brazos Rockcress, Rock-cress, Brazos Rock-cress

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Aralia spinosa
Devil's Walking Stick, Hercules Club, Angelica Tree, Pigeon Tree, Shotbush, Prickly Elder, Prickly Ash

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Arbutus xalapensis
Texas Madrone, Madrone, Texas Arbutus, Manzanita, Xoxocote, Amazaquitl

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Arenaria benthamii
Hilly Sandwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Argemone albiflora
Bluestem Pricklypoppy, White Pricklypoppy, White Prickly Poppy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Argemone albiflora ssp. texana
Texas Bluestem Pricklypoppy, Bluestem Pricklypoppy, White Pricklypoppy, White Prickly Poppy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Argemone aurantiaca
Texas Pricklypoppy, Texas Prickly Poppy

Duration: Annual, Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Argemone mexicana
Mexican Prickly Poppy, Mexican Prickly Poppy, Yellow Prickly Poppy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Argemone polyanthemos
Annual Pricklepoppy, Bluestem Pricklepoppy, Bluestem Prickly Poppy, Crested Pricklypoppy, Pricklypoppy, Thistle Poppy, White Prickly Poppy, White Pricklypoppy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Argemone sanguinea
Red Pricklypoppy, Rose Prickly Poppy, Red Prickly Poppy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Argemone squarrosa
Hedgehog Pricklypoppy, Hedgehog Prickly Poppy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Argyrochosma dealbata
False Cloak Fern, Powdery Cloak Fern, Powdery False Cloak Fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Argythamnia aphoroides
Hill Country Silverbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Argythamnia humilis
Low Silverbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Argythamnia mercurialina
Tall Silverbush, Tall Wildmercury

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Argythamnia mercurialina var. mercurialina
Tall Silverbush, Tall Wild Mercury, Tall Ditaxis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Argythamnia mercurialina var. pilosissima
Tall Silverbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Argythamnia simulans
Plateau Silverbush, Tall Wild-mercury

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Arisaema dracontium
Green Dragon, Dragonroot, Greendragon

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade
Water: Moist

Arisaema triphyllum
Jack In The Pulpit, Indian Jack In The Pulpit, Jack-in-the-pulpit

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Aristida basiramea
Forked Threeawn, Wiregrass, Needlegrass, Three-awned Grass, Fork-tip Threeawn

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Aristida desmantha
Curly Threeawn

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Aristida dichotoma
Churchmouse Threeawn

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Aristida lanosa
Woollysheath Threeawn, Woolly Three-awn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Aristida longespica
Slimspike Threeawn, Kearney's Three-awn, Red Three-awn, Slender Three-awn

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Aristida oligantha
Prairie Threeawn, Oldfield (Prairie) 3-awn, Oldfield Threeawn

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Aristida purpurascens
Arrowfeather Threeawn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Aristida purpurea
Purple Threeawn, Purple 3-awn, Purple Three-awn, Red Threeawn

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Aristida purpurea var. longiseta
Red Three-awn, Fendler Three-awn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Aristida purpurea var. nealleyi
Blue Threeawn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Aristolochia erecta
Swanflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Aristolochia reticulata
Texas Dutchman's Pipe

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Aristolochia serpentaria
Virginia Snakeroot, Virginia Dutchmanspipe

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Dry

Aristolochia tomentosa
Woolly Dutchman's Pipe, Common Dutchman's Pipe

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Arnoglossum ovatum
Ovateleaf Cacalia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Arnoglossum plantagineum
Groovestem Indian Plantain, Indian Plantain, Prairie Plantain, Prairie Indian Plantain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Artemisia dracunculus
Tarragon

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. mexicana
White Sagebrush, Louisiana Wormwood, Cudweed Sagewort, Gray Sagewort, Mugwort Wormwood, Prairie Sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Arundinaria gigantea
Giant Cane, River Cane, Switch Cane, American Bamboo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Asclepias amplexicaulis
Clasping Milkweed, Bluntleaf Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Asclepias arenaria
Sand Milkweed, Western Sand Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Asclepias asperula
Antelope-horns, Spider Milkweed, Green-flowered Milkweed, Spider Antelope-horns, Antelope Horns

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Asclepias emoryi
Emory's Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Asclepias engelmanniana
Engelmann's Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Asclepias incarnata
Swamp Milkweed, Pink Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Asclepias incarnata ssp. incarnata
Swamp Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Asclepias latifolia
Broadleaf Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Asclepias longifolia
Longleaf Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Asclepias obovata
Pineland Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Asclepias oenotheroides
Zizotes Milkweed, Hierba De Zizotes, Side-cluster Milkweed, Longhorn Milkweed, Primrose Milkweed, Lindheimer's Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Asclepias rubra
Red Milkweed, Tall Pink Bog Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Asclepias stenophylla
Slimleaf Milkweed, Narrowleaf Milkweed, Narrowleaf Green Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Asclepias subverticillata
Horsetail Milkweed, Poison Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Asclepias texana
Texas Milkweed, White Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Asclepias tuberosa
Butterflyweed, Butterfly Weed, Butterfly Milkweed, Orange Milkweed, Pleurisy Root, Chigger Flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Asclepias variegata
Redring Milkweed, White-flowered Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Asclepias verticillata
Whorled Milkweed, Eastern Whorled Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Asclepias viridiflora
Green Comet Milkweed, Green-flowered Milkweed, Green Milkweed, Wand Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Asclepias viridis
Green Milkweed, Spider Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Asimina parviflora
Smallflower Pawpaw, Small-flower Pawpaw, Dwarf Pawpaw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Asimina triloba
Pawpaw, Common Pawpaw, Custard Apple, Indian Banana, Wild Banana

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Asplenium platyneuron
Ebony Spleenwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Asplenium resiliens
Blackstem Spleenwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light:
Water:

Astragalus amphioxys
Crescent Milkvetch, Crescent Milk-vetch

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Astragalus canadensis
Canadian Milkvetch, Canada Milkvetch, Milk Vetch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Dry

Astragalus crassicarpus
Groundplum Milkvetch, Ground Plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Astragalus crassicarpus var. berlandieri
Berlandier's Groundplum, Groundplum Milkvetch, Groundplum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Astragalus crassicarpus var. crassicarpus
Groundplum Milkvetch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Astragalus distortus
Ozark Milkvetch, Bent Milk Vetch , Bentpod Milkvetch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Astragalus leptocarpus
Rare Loco Milkvetch, Slimpod Milkvetch

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Astragalus lindheimeri
Lindheimer's Milkvetch, Lindheimer's Astragulus

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Astragalus lotiflorus
Lotus Milkvetch, Lotus Milk-vetch, Low Milkvetch, Milkvetch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Astragalus missouriensis
Missouri Milkvetch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Astragalus nuttallianus
Nuttall's Milkvetch, Small-flowered Milkvetch

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Astragalus plattensis
Platte River Milkvetch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Astragalus pleianthus
Edwards Plateau Milkvetch

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Astranthium integrifolium
Entireleaf Western Daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Astranthium integrifolium ssp. ciliatum
Entireleaf Western Daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Astrolepis integerrima
Hybrid Cloakfern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light:
Water:

Astrolepis sinuata
Wavy Scaly Cloakfern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Athyrium filix-femina
Common Lady Fern, Subarctic Lady Fern, Lady Fern, Ladyfern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Athyrium filix-femina ssp. asplenioides
Southern Lady Fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Atriplex canescens
Chamiso, Four-wing Saltbush, Wing-scale

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Atriplex matamorensis
Matamoros Saltbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Aureolaria grandiflora
False Foxglove, Largeflower Yellow False Foxglove

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Axonopus compressus
Broadleaf Carpetgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Axonopus fissifolius
Common Carpetgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Axonopus furcatus
Big Carpetgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Azolla caroliniana
Carolina Mosquitofern

Duration: Annual
Habit: Fern
Light:
Water:

Baccharis halimifolia
Groundseltree, Sea-myrtle, Consumptionweed, Eastern Baccharis, Groundsel, Groundsel Bush, Salt Marsh-elder, Salt Bush, Florida Groundsel Bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Baccharis neglecta
False Willow, Jara Dulce, Poverty Weed, Roosevelt Weed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Baccharis texana
Prairie False Willow, Prairie Baccharis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Bacopa monnieri
Herb-of-grace, Water Hyssop, Coastal Water-hyssop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Bacopa rotundifolia
Disk Waterhyssop, Disc Water-hyssop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Baptisia alba
White Wild Indigo, White Baptisia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Baptisia alba var. macrophylla
Largeleaf Wild Indigo, White Wild Indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Baptisia australis
Blue Wild Indigo, Wild Blue Indigo, Blue False Indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Baptisia australis var. minor
Blue Wild Indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Baptisia bracteata
Longbract Wild Indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Baptisia bracteata var. laevicaulis
Longbract Wild Indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Baptisia bracteata var. leucophaea
Longbract Wild Indigo, Cream False Indigo, Plains Wild Indigo, Cream Wild Indigo, Large-bracted Wild Indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Baptisia nuttalliana
Nuttall's Wild Indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Baptisia sphaerocarpa
Bush Pea, Green Wild Indigo, Yellow Wild Indigo, Yellow Wisteria

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Berchemia scandens
Alabama Supple-jack, Alabama Supplejack, Rattan-vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Berlandiera betonicifolia
Texas Greeneyes, Broochflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Berlandiera lyrata
Chocolate Daisy, Chocolate Flower, Lyreleaf Greeneyes, Green-eyed Lyre Leaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Berlandiera pumila
Soft Greeneyes

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Berlandiera pumila var. pumila
Soft Greeneyes

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Bernardia myricifolia
Mouse Ears, Mouse's Eye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Betula nigra
River Birch, Red Birch, Black Birch, Water Birch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Bidens aristosa
Bearded Beggarticks, Tickseed Sunflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Bidens bipinnata
Spanish Needles

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Bidens discoidea
Small Beggarticks

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Bidens frondosa
Devil's Beggartick, Spanish Needles

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Bidens laevis
Smooth Beggartick, Smooth Bidens, Smooth Bur Marigold, Larger Bur Marigold

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Bifora americana
Prairie Bishop, Prairie Bishop's Weed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Bigelowia nuttallii
Nuttall's Rayless Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Bignonia capreolata
Crossvine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Blutaparon vermiculare
Silverhead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Boehmeria cylindrica
Smallspike False Nettle, Bog Hemp

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Boerhavia coccinea
Scarlet Spiderling

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Boerhavia diffusa
Red Spiderling

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Boerhavia erecta
Erect Spiderling

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Boerhavia linearifolia
Narrowleaf Spiderling

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Bolboschoenus robustus
Sturdy Bulrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Boltonia asteroides
Boltonia, White Doll's Daisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Boltonia diffusa
Doll's Daisy, Smallhead Doll's Daisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Boltonia diffusa var. diffusa
Smallhead Doll's Daisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Borrichia frutescens
Bushy Seaside Tansy, Ox-eye Daisy, Sea Daisy, Sea Ox-eye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Bothriochloa barbinodis
Pinhole Bluestem, Cane Bluestem, Cane Beardgrass, Feather Bluestem, Plains Beardgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Bothriochloa hybrida
Hybrid Beardgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Bothriochloa laguroides
Silver Bluestem, Silver Beardgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Bothriochloa laguroides ssp. torreyana
Silver Beard Grass, Silver Beardgrass, Silver Bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Bothriochloa longipaniculata
Longspike Beardgrass, Longspike Silver Bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Botrychium biternatum
Sparselobe Grapefern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light:
Water:

Botrychium dissectum
Cutleaf Grapefern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light:
Water:

Botrychium lunarioides
Winter Grapefern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light:
Water:

Botrychium virginianum
Rattlesnake Fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Bouchetia erecta
Erect Bouchetia, Painted-tongue, Paintedtongue, Painted Tongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Bouteloua barbata
Sixweeks Grama

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Bouteloua curtipendula
Sideoats Grama, Banderilla, Banderita, Navajita

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Bouteloua dactyloides
Buffalograss, Buffalo Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Bouteloua eriopoda
Black Grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Bouteloua gracilis
Blue Grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Bouteloua hirsuta
Hairy Grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Bouteloua hirsuta var. pectinata
Hairy Grama, Tall Grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Bouteloua repens
Slender Grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Bouteloua rigidiseta
Texas Grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Bouteloua trifida
Red Grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Bouteloua uniflora
Oneflower Grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Bowlesia incana
Hoary Bowlesia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Brasenia schreberi
Watershield

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Brazoria truncata
Rattlesnake Flower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Brazoria truncata var. pulcherrima
Centerville Brazos-mint, Sand Brazoria

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Brickellia cylindracea
Gravel-bar Brickellbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Brickellia dentata
Leafy Brickellbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Brickellia eupatorioides
False Boneset

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Brickellia eupatorioides var. eupatorioides
False Boneset

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Brickellia eupatorioides var. gracillima
False Boneset

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Brickellia eupatorioides var. texana
Texas False Boneset

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Bromus pubescens
Hairy Woodland Brome

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Bromus texensis
Texas Brome

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Brunnichia ovata
American Buckwheat Vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Buchnera americana
American Bluehearts, Bluehearts

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Buddleja racemosa
Wand Butterfly-bush, Wand Butterflybush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Buddleja racemosa ssp. racemosa
Wand Butterflybush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade
Water: Dry

Bulbostylis capillaris
Densetuft Hairsedge, Hair-sedge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Bulbostylis ciliatifolia
Capillary Hairsedge

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Burmannia capitata
Southern Bluethread

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cabomba caroliniana
Carolina Fanwort, Green Cabomba, Fish-grass, Washington-grass, Carolina Watershield, Washington-plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Calliandra conferta
Rio Grande Stickpea, Fairy Duster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Callicarpa americana
American Beautyberry , French Mulberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Callirhoe alcaeoides
Light Poppymallow, Plains Poppy-mallow, Light Poppy-mallow, Pink Poppy-mallow, Light Poppy Mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Callirhoe involucrata
Winecup, Purple Poppy Mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Callirhoe involucrata var. lineariloba
White Poppymallow, Winecup, Poppy Mallow, White Winecup, Purple Poppy Mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Callirhoe leiocarpa
Tall Poppymallow, Annual Winecup, Tall Poppy-mallow, Tall Poppy Mallow

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Callirhoe papaver
Woodland Poppymallow, Woodland Poppy-mallow, Woodland Poppy Mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Callirhoe pedata
Palmleaf Poppymallow, Standing Winecup, Finger Poppymallow, Palmleaf Poppy Mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Callisia micrantha
Cherisse, Little-flower Roseling, Southern Coastal Roseling, Little-flower Spiderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Callitriche heterophylla
Two-headed Water-starwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Callitriche heterophylla ssp. heterophylla
Two-headed Water-starwort, Varied-leaved Water-starwort, Diverse-leaved Water-starwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Callitriche pedunculosa
Nuttall's Water-starwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Callitriche peploides
Matted Water-starwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Callitriche terrestris
Terrestrial Water-starwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Calopogon oklahomensis
Oklahoma Grasspink, Prairie Grasspink

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Calopogon tuberosus
Tuberous Grasspink, Grass Pink

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Calopogon tuberosus var. tuberosus
Tuberous Grasspink, Grass Pink, Swamp Pink

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Calylophus berlandieri
Berlandier's Sundrops , Square-bud Primrose, Sundrops

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Calylophus berlandieri ssp. berlandieri
Berlandier's Sundrops, Drummond Sundrops, Square-bud Primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Calylophus berlandieri ssp. pinifolius
Berlandier's Sundrops, Square-bud Primrose, Sundrops, Square-bud Day-primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Calylophus hartwegii
Hartweg's Sundrops, Western Primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Calylophus hartwegii ssp. hartwegii
Hartweg's Sundrops

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Calylophus lavandulifolius
Lavendar-leaf Sundrops, Lavender-leaf Primrose, Lavenderleaf Sundrops

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Calylophus serrulatus
Yellow Sundrops, Yellow Evening Primrose, Plains Evening Primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Camassia scilloides
Atlantic Camas, Wild Hyacinth

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Campanula reverchonii
Basin Bellflower, Texas Bluebell

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Campsis radicans
Trumpet Creeper, Trumpet Vine, Common Trumpet Creeper, Cow Vine, Foxglove Vine, Hellvine, Devil's Shoestring

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Capsicum annuum
Chile Pequin, Chile Petin, Bird Pepper, Turkey Pepper , Cayenne Pepper

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Capsicum annuum var. glabriusculum
Chile Pequin, Chile Tepin, Bird Pepper, Turkey Pepper, Cayenne Pepper

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Cardamine bulbosa
Bulbous Bittercress, Spring Cress

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Wet

Cardamine parviflora
Sand Bittercress

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Cardamine parviflora var. arenicola
Sand Bittercress

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cardamine pensylvanica
Pennsylvania Bittercress

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Carex albicans
Whitetinge Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Carex albolutescens
Greenwhite Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Carex amphibola
Creek Sedge, Eastern Narrowleaf Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Carex annectens
Yellowfruit Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Carex atlantica
Prickly Bog Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Carex austrina
Southern Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex basiantha
Willdenow's Sedge, Basal-fruit Caric Sedge, Widow Caric Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex bicknellii
Bicknell's Sedge, Prairie Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Carex blanda
Eastern Woodland Sedge, Creek Sedge, Common Wood Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Carex brevior
Shortbeak Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex bulbostylis
False Hair Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex bushii
Bush's Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex caroliniana
Carolina Sedge, Carolina Caric Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex cephalophora
Oval-leaf Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex cherokeensis
Cherokee Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Carex complanata
Hirsute Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex corrugata
Prune-fruit Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex crinita
Fringed Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Carex crus-corvi
Ravenfoot Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex debilis
White Edge Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Carex edwardsiana
Edwards Plateau Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex emoryi
Emory Sedge, Emory's Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Carex festucacea
Fescue Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex flaccosperma
Thinfruit Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex frankii
Frank's Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Carex glaucodea
Blue Sedge, Blue Wood Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Carex granularis
Limestone Meadow Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Carex gravida
Heavy Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex grisea
Inflated Narrow-leaf Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex hyalinolepis
Shoreline Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Carex intumescens
Greater Bladder Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Carex joorii
Cypress Swamp Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex leavenworthii
Leavenworth's Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex longii
Long's Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex louisianica
Louisiana Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex lupuliformis
False Hop Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Carex lupulina
Hop Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Carex lurida
Shallow Sedge, Sallow Sedge, Lurid Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Carex meadii
Mead's Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex microdonta
Littletooth Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex microrhyncha
Littlesnout Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex muehlenbergii
Muhlenberg's Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex muehlenbergii var. muehlenbergii
Muhlenberg's Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Carex oklahomensis
Oklahoma Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex perdentata
Sand Sedge, Meadow Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Carex planostachys
Cedar Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Carex reniformis
Kidneyshape Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex retroflexa
Reflexed Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Carex striatula
Lined Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex stricta
Upright Sedge, Uptight Sedge, Tussock Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Carex tetrastachya
Britton's Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex texensis
Texas Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Carex triangularis
Eastern Fox Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex tribuloides
Blunt Broom Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Carex vulpinoidea
Fox Sedge, Brown Fox Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Carex vulpinoidea var. vulpinoidea
Fox Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carlowrightia texana
Texas Wrightwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Carlowrightia torreyana
Torrey's Wrightwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Carpinus caroliniana
American Hornbeam, Blue Beech, Water Beech, Musclewood, Ironwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Carya aquatica
Water Hickory, Bitter Water Hickory, Bitter Hickory, Swamp Hickory, Water Pignut Hickory, Water Pignut, Bitter Pecan

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Carya glabra
Pignut Hickory, Sweet Pignut Hickory, Coast Pignut Hickory, Pignut, Sweet Pignut, Smoothbark Hickory, Broom Hickory, Red Hickory, Swamp Hickory, Switch Hickory, Switchbud Hickory

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Carya illinoinensis
Pecan

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Carya myristiciformis
Nutmeg Hickory, Swamp Hickory, Bitter Water Hickory, Bitter Hickory

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Carya texana
Black Hickory, Buckley Hickory, Pignut Hickory

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Carya tomentosa
Mockernut Hickory, Mockernut Hickory, Big Bud Hickory, Mockernut, White Hickory, Whiteheart Hickory, Fragrant Hickory, Bigbud Hickory, Hardbark Hickory, Hognut, Bullnut

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Castanea pumila
Allegheny Chinquapin, Allegheny Chinkapin, Chinquapin, Chinkapin

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Castanea pumila var. pumila
Chinquapin, Chinkapin, Allegheny Chinquapin, American Chinquapin, Dwarf Chestnut

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light:
Water:

Castela erecta
Goatbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light:
Water:

Castela erecta ssp. texana
Texan Goatbush, Goat-bush, Allthorn Goatbush, Amargoso

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Castilleja indivisa
Texas Indian Paintbrush, Entireleaf Indian Paintbrush, Texas Paintbrush, Indian Paintbrush, Scarlet Paintbrush

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Castilleja integra
Wholeleaf Indian Paintbrush, Squawfeather

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Castilleja integra var. integra
Wholeleaf Indian Paintbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Castilleja lanata
Sierra Woolly Indian Paintbrush, Woolly Paintbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Castilleja purpurea
Prairie Paintbrush, Downy Indian Paintbrush, Purple Paintbrush, Lemon Paintbrush, Purple Painted Cup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Castilleja purpurea var. citrina
Lemon Paintbrush, Yellow Paintbrush, Yellow Prairie Paintbrush, Citron Paintbrush, Prairie Paintbrush, Prairie Indian Paintbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Castilleja purpurea var. lindheimeri
Lindheimer's Paintbrush, Lindheimer's Prairie Paintbrush, Lindheimer's Indian Paintbrush, Prairie Paintbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Castilleja purpurea var. purpurea
Purple Paintbrush, Purple Prairie Painbrush, Prairie Paintbrush, Downy Indian Paintbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Catalpa bignonioides
Southern Catalpa, Cigar Tree, Indian Bean

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Catalpa speciosa
Northern Catalpa, Catalpa Tree, Cigar Tree, Indian Bean

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ceanothus americanus
New Jersey Tea, Redroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Ceanothus greggii
Desert Ceanothus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Ceanothus herbaceus
Prairie Redroot, Smaller Redroot, Small Redroot, Inland Ceanothus, Fuzzy Ceanothus, Jersey Tea, Redroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Celosia nitida
West Indian Cock's Comb

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Celtis ehrenbergiana
Desert Hackberry, Spiny Hackberry, Shiny Hackberry, Granjeno, Huasteco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Celtis laevigata
Sugar Hackberry, Texas Sugarberry, Sugarberry, Southern Hackberry, Lowland Hackberry, Hackberry, Palo Blanco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Celtis laevigata var. reticulata
Netleaf Hackberry, Netleaf Sugar Hackberry, Western Hackberry, Sugar Hackberry, Texas Sugarberry, Palo Blanco, Acibuche

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Celtis lindheimeri
Lindheimer's Hackberry, Lindheimer Hackberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water:

Celtis occidentalis
Common Hackberry, Northern Hackberry, American Hackberry, Nettle Tree, Beaverwood, False Elm

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Cenchrus echinatus
Southern Sandbur

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Cenchrus spinifex
Grass Bur, Coastal Sandbur, Field Sandspur, Southern Sandbur, Spiny Burrgrass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Centaurea americana
American Basket-flower, American Star-thistle, Basket-flower, Star Thistle, Shaving Brush, Basket Flower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Centaurium beyrichii
Mountain Pink, Meadow Pink, Catchfly, Quinineweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Centaurium calycosum
Arizona Centaury, Shortflower Centaury, Rosita, Buckley Centaury

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Centaurium texense
Lady Bird's Centaury

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Centella erecta
Erect Centella, Erect Spadeleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Centrosema virginianum
Spurred Butterfly Pea, Butterfly Pea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Cephalanthus occidentalis
Common Buttonbush, Buttonbush, Button Willow, Honey Bells, Honeybells, Honey Balls, Honeyballs

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Cerastium brachypodum
Short-stalk Chickweed, Shortstalk Chickweed

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ceratophyllum demersum
Coon's Tail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Cercis canadensis
Eastern Redbud, Redbud

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cercis canadensis var. canadensis
Eastern Redbud

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Cercis canadensis var. texensis
Texas Redbud

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Cercocarpus montanus
Alderleaf Mountain Mahogany, Silverleaf Mountain Mahogany, Mountain Mahogany

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Cevallia sinuata
Stinging Serpent, Stinging Cevallia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chaerophyllum tainturieri
Hairyfruit Chervil, Southern Chervil

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chaetopappa asteroides
Arkansas Leastdaisy, Least Daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chaetopappa bellidifolia
Whiteray Leastdaisy, Dwarf White Aster, Edwards Lazy Daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Chaetopappa effusa
Spreading Leastdaisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Chaetopappa imberbis
Awnless Leastdaisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaecrista calycioides
Woodland Sensitive Pea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaecrista fasciculata
Partridge Pea, Sleepingplant, Sensitive Plant

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Chamaecrista fasciculata var. fasciculata
Partridge Pea, Showy Partridge-pea, Beeflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Chamaecrista flexuosa var. texana
Texas Sensitive Pea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaecrista nictitans
Sensitive Partridge Pea, Partridge-pea, Sensitive Pea

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Chamaecrista nictitans ssp. nictitans
Sensitive Partridge Pea, Partridge Pea

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Chamaesaracha coniodes
Gray Five Eyes, False Nightshade, Ground Saracha, Prostrate Ground-cherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Chamaesaracha coronopus
Green False Nightshade, Greenleaf Five Eyes

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaesaracha edwardsiana
Edwards Plateau Five Eyes

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Chamaesaracha pallida
Pale Five Eyes, False Nightshade, Averett Pale Five Eyes

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Chamaesaracha sordida
Hairy Five Eyes, False Nightshade

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaesyce albomarginata
Whitemargin Sandmat, Rattlesnake-weed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaesyce angusta
Blackfoot Sandmat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaesyce bombensis
Dixie Sandmat

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaesyce cordifolia
Heartleaf Sandmat

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaesyce fendleri
Fendler's Sandmat, Fendler's Spurge, Fendler's Carpetweed, Fendler's Euphorb

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaesyce glyptosperma
Ribseed Sandmat, Rib-seeded Sand Mat

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaesyce hypericifolia
Graceful Sandmat, Graceful Spurge, Chickenweed, Large-spotted Spurge, Garden Spurge, Fluxweed, Baby's-breath Euphorbia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaesyce hyssopifolia
Hyssopleaf Sandmat

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaesyce maculata
Spotted Spurge, Spotted Euphorbia, Spotted Sandmat, Milk Purslane, Prostrate Spurge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Chamaesyce missurica
Prairie Sandmat, Missouri Spurge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaesyce nutans
Nodding Spurge, Eyebane

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Chamaesyce prostrata
Prostrate Spurge, Prostrate Sandmat, Ground Spurge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Chamaesyce serpens
Matted Sandmat, Prostrate Spurge, Creeping Spurge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaesyce villifera
Hairy Sandmat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chaptalia texana
Texas Silverpuff, Silverpuff, Nodding Lettuce, Silver Puff

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Chasmanthium latifolium
Inland Sea Oats, Indian Wood Oats, Wild Oats, River Oats, Flathead Oats, Upland Oats, Upland Sea Oats

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Chasmanthium laxum
Slender Woodoats, Slender Chasmanthium

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Chasmanthium sessiliflorum
Longleaf Woodoats

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Cheilanthes alabamensis
Alabama Lipfern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light:
Water:

Cheilanthes feei
Slender Lipfern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light:
Water:

Cheilanthes horridula
Rough Lipfern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Cheilanthes lanosa
Hairy Lipfern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Cheilanthes tomentosa
Woolly Lipfern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Chenopodium album
Lambsquarters

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Chenopodium berlandieri
Pitseed Goosefoot, Lambs Quarters

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chenopodium simplex
Mapleleaf Goosefoot

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Chenopodium standleyanum
Standley's Goosefoot

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chilopsis linearis
Desert Willow, Flowering Willow, Willow-leaved Catalpa, Willowleaf Catalpa, Bow Willow, Flor De Mimbre, Mimbre

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Chionanthus virginicus
White Fringetree, Fringe Tree, Snowflower Tree, Flowering Ash, Old Man's Beard, Grandfather Graybeard, Grancy Graybeard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Chloracantha spinosa
Spiny Chloracantha, Mexican Devil-weed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chloris andropogonoides
Slimspike Windmill Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Chloris cucullata
Hooded Windmill Grass, Hooded Windmillgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Chloris verticillata
Tumble Windmill Grass, Windmillgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Chloris virgata
Feather Fingergrass, Showy Chloris

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Chrysactinia mexicana
Damianita

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Chrysopsis pilosa
Soft Goldenaster, Soft Golden-aster

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Chrysopsis texana
Texas Chrysopsis

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cicuta maculata
Spotted Water Hemlock, Water-hemlock, Beaver Poison

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Wet

Cirsium altissimum
Tall Thistle

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Cirsium discolor
Field Thistle

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Cirsium engelmannii
Engelmann's Thistle

Duration: Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cirsium horridulum
Bristle Thistle, Yellow Thistle, Horrid Thistle, Purple Thistle, Spiny Thistle, Bull Thistle

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cirsium muticum
Swamp Thistle

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Cirsium ochrocentrum
Yellowspine Thistle

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cirsium texanum
Texas Thistle

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Cirsium undulatum
Wavyleaf Thistle, Plumed Thistle

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cissus trifoliata
Cow-itch Vine, Cow Itch Vine, Sorrelvine, Grape Ivy, Possum Grape, Arizona Grape Ivy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Cladium mariscus ssp. jamaicense
Jamaica Swamp Sawgrass, Jamaican Saw-grass, Saw-grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Claytonia virginica
Virginia Springbeauty, Springbeauty

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Claytonia virginica var. virginica
Virginia Springbeauty

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Clematis drummondii
Old Man's Beard, Drummond's Clematis, Texas Virgin's Bower, Goat's Beard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Clematis pitcheri
Purple Leatherflower, Purple Clematis, Leatherflower, Bluebill, Bellflower Clematis, Pitcher's Clematis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Clematis reticulata
Netleaf Leather Flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Clematis texensis
Scarlet Clematis, Scarlet Leatherflower, Texas Clematis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Clematis virginiana
Devil's Darning Needles, Virgin's Bower, Old Man's Beard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Cleomella angustifolia
Narrowleaf Rhombopod, Cleomella

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Clinopodium arkansanum
Limestone Calamint

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Clinopodium brownei
Browne's Savory

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Clitoria mariana
Atlantic Pigeonwings, Butterfly Pea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Cnidoscolus texanus
Texas Bullnettle, Bull Nettle, Tread-softly, Spurge Nettle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cocculus carolinus
Carolina Snailseed, Carolina Coralbead, Carolina Moonseed, Red Berried Moonseed, Carolina Red Berried Moonseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Coelorachis cylindrica
Cylinder Jointtail Grass, Carolina Joint-tail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Collinsia violacea
Violet Blue-eyed Mary

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Colubrina texensis
Texas Hog Plum, Texas Snakewood, Texas Colubrina, Hog Plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Commelina erecta
Dayflower, Widow's Tears, White-mouth Dayflower, Whitemouth Dayflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Commelina erecta var. angustifolia
Narrow-leaf Dayflower, Whitemouth Dayflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Commelina virginica
Virginia Dayflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Condalia ericoides
Javelina Bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Condalia hookeri
Bluewood Condalia, Brasil, Brasilwood, Bluewood, Logwood, Purple Haw, Capul Negro

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Condalia viridis
Green Snakewood, Green Condalia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Conoclinium coelestinum
Blue Mistflower, Wild Ageratum, Blue Boneset

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Conoclinium greggii
Gregg's Mistflower , Palmleaf Thoroughwort, Palm-leaf Mistflower, Palm-leaf Thoroughwort, Purple Palmleaf Mistflower, Purple Palmleaf Eupatorium

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Convolvulus equitans
Texas Bindweed, Bindweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Conyza canadensis
Horseweed, Canadian Horseweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Cooperia drummondii
Evening Rain Lily, Evening Star Rain Lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Cooperia pedunculata
Hill Country Rain Lily, Prairie Lily, Rain Lily, Flor De Mayo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Corallorhiza odontorhiza
Autumn Coralroot, Late Coralroot, Fall Coral Root, Late Southern Coral Root, Small Coral Root, Small-flowered Coral Root, Chicken Toe, Turkey Claw, Dragon's Claw, Fever Root, Crawley Root, Crawley

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Corallorhiza wisteriana
Spring Coral-root, Spring Coral Root, Early Southern Coral-root, Wister's Coral-root, Yellow Coral-root, Arousing Coral-root

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cordia podocephala
Texas Manjack, White Cordia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Coreopsis basalis
Goldenmane Tickseed, Golden-wave

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Coreopsis grandiflora
Largeflower Tickseed, Large-flower Tickseed, Common Coreopsis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Coreopsis grandiflora var. grandiflora
Largeflower Tickseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Coreopsis intermedia
Goldenwave Tickseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Coreopsis lanceolata
Lanceleaf Coreopsis, Lance-leaved Coreopsis, Lanceleaf Tickseed, Sand Coreopsis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Coreopsis nuecensis
Crown Tickseed, Crown Coreopsis

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Coreopsis nuecensoides
Rio Grande Tickseed, Crown Tickseed , Sand Coreopsis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Coreopsis tinctoria
Plains Coreopsis, Golden Tickseed, Goldenwave, Calliopsis

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Coreopsis tinctoria var. tinctoria
Golden Tickseed, Golden-wave

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Coreopsis wrightii
Rock Tickseed, Golden-wave

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cornus drummondii
Roughleaf Dogwood, Drummond's Dogwood, Rough-leaf Dogwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Cornus florida
Flowering Dogwood, Virginia Dogwood, Florida Dogwood, White Cornel, Arrowwood, American Boxwood, False Box, St. Peter's Crown, Corona De San Pedro

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Corydalis aurea
Scrambled Eggs, Golden Corydalis

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Dry

Corydalis curvisiliqua
Curvepod, Curvepod Fumewort, Golden Smoke, Scrambled Eggs

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Corydalis curvisiliqua ssp. curvisiliqua
Curvepod Fumewort

Duration: Annual, Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Corydalis micrantha
Smallflower Fumewort, Southern Corydalis, Golden Corydalis

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Coryphantha echinus
Rhinoceros Cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light:
Water: Dry

Coryphantha sulcata
Nipple Cactus, Pineapple Cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Cotinus obovatus
American Smoke Tree, Texas Smoke Tree, Wild Smoke Tree, Smoke Tree, Smokebush, Chittamwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Crassula aquatica
Water Pygmyweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Crassula longipes
Smallseed Pygmyweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Crataegus crus-galli
Cockspur Hawthorn, Cockspur Thorn, Newcastle Hawthorn, Newcastle Thorn, Hog Apple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Crataegus marshallii
Parsley Hawthorn, Parsleyleaf Hawthorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Crataegus mollis
Downy Hawthorn, White Thorn, Whitethorn, Scarlet Hawthorn, Scarlet Haw, Red Haw, Downy Thorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Crataegus opaca
Mayhaw, Western Mayhaw, May Hawthorn, Riverflat Hawthorn, Applehaw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Crataegus reverchonii
Reverchon's Hawthorn, Reverchon Hawthorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Crataegus spathulata
Littlehip Hawthorn, Pasture Hawthorn, Smallfruit Hawthorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light:
Water:

Crataegus texana
Texas Hawthorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Crataegus tracyi
Tracy's Hawthorn, Tracy Hawthorn, Mountain Hawthorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Crataegus viridis
Green Hawthorn, Southern Hawthorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Croptilon divaricatum
Slender Scratchdaisy, Scratch Daisy, Granite Daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Croptilon hookerianum var. hookerianum
Hooker's Scratchdaisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Croptilon rigidifolium
Stiffleaf Scratchdaisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Crotalaria sagittalis
Arrowhead Rattlebox

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Croton alabamensis
Alabama Croton

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub, Shrub
Light:
Water:

Croton alabamensis var. texensis
Texabama Croton, Texas Alabama Croton

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Croton argyranthemus
Healing Croton

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Croton capitatus
Hogwort, Texas Goatweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Croton capitatus var. lindheimeri
Woolly Croton, Lindheimer's Hogwort, Woolly Texas Goatweed, Woolly Doveweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Croton fruticulosus
Bush Croton, Encinilla, Hierba Loca

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Croton glandulosus
Tooth-leaved Croton, Sand Croton, Tropic Croton, Vente Conmigo

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Croton lindheimerianus
Threeseed Croton

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Croton michauxii
Michaux's Croton

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Croton michauxii var. ellipticus
Michaux's Croton

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Croton monanthogynus
Prairie Tea, One-seed Croton, Doveweed, Dove Weed, Prairie Goatweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Croton pottsii
Leatherweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Croton pottsii var. pottsii
Leatherweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Croton texensis
Texas Croton, Doveweed, Texas Goatweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cryptantha cinerea var. jamesii
James' Cryptantha, James' Catseye, James' Cat's-eye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Cryptantha texana
Pick Me Nots

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cryptotaenia canadensis
Canadian Honewort, Wild Chervil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cucurbita foetidissima
Stinking Gourd, Buffalo Gourd, Missouri Gourd, Stink Gourd, Wild Gourd

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Cunila origanoides
Common Dittany

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Cuscuta cephalanthi
Buttonbush Dodder, Button-bush Dodder

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Cuscuta cuspidata
Angel Hair, Cusp Dodder, Dodder

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Cuscuta exaltata
Tree Dodder, Tall Dodder

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Cuscuta gronovii
Scaldweed, Dodder

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Cuscuta indecora
Bigseed Alfalfa Dodder, Largeseed Dodder, Pretty Dodder

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light:
Water:

Cuscuta leptantha
Slender Dodder

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Cuscuta obtusiflora
Peruvian Dodder

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light:
Water:

Cuscuta pentagona
Fiveangled Dodder

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Cuscuta pentagona var. pentagona
Fiveangled Dodder

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Cuscuta polygonorum
Smartweed Dodder, Knotweed Dodder

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Cyclanthera dissecta
Cutleaf Cyclanthera, Texas Coastal Plain Cyclanthera, Bur Cucumber

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Cyclanthera naudiniana
Hill Country Cyclanthera, Naudin's Cyclanthera, Central Texas Cyclanthera

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light:
Water:

Cycloloma atriplicifolium
Winged Pigweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Cylindropuntia imbricata
Tree Cholla, Walking Stick Cholla, Cholla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light:
Water:

Cylindropuntia imbricata var. imbricata
Cane Cactus, Cholla, Teddy-bear Cholla, Tree Cholla, Walkingstick Cholla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Cylindropuntia leptocaulis
Tasajillo, Christmas Cactus, Pencil Cactus, Christmas Cholla, Desert Christmas Cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Cymopterus macrorhizus
Bigroot Springparsley, Big-root Cymopterus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cynanchum barbigerum
Bearded Swallow-wort, Thicket Threadvine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun
Water:

Cynanchum laeve
Honeyvine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light:
Water:

Cynanchum maccartii
Maccart's Swallow-wort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun
Water:

Cynanchum racemosum
Talayote

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light:
Water:

Cynanchum racemosum var. unifarium
Talayote

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Cynoglossum virginianum
Wild Comfrey

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cynosciadium digitatum
Finger Dogshade, Fringed Dogshade

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cyperus acuminatus
Tapertip Flatsedge

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Cyperus articulatus
Jointed Flatsedge, Chintul

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Cyperus compressus
Poorland Flatsedge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Cyperus croceus
Baldwin's Flatsedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Cyperus echinatus
Globe Flatsedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Cyperus elegans
Royal Flatsedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Cyperus erythrorhizos
Redroot Flatsedge

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Cyperus esculentus
Yellow Nutsedge, Chufa Sedge, Yellow Nut-grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cyperus grayoides
Illinois Flatsedge, Mohlenbrock's Sedge, Midwestern Gray's Flat Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Cyperus haspan
Haspan Flatsedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Cyperus hystricinus
Bristly Flatsedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Cyperus lupulinus
Great Plains Flatsedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Cyperus ochraceus
Pond Flatsedge, Yellow Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Cyperus odoratus
Fragrant Flatsedge, Fragrant Sedge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Cyperus plukenetii
Plukenet's Flatsedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Cyperus polystachyos
Manyspike Flatsedge, Bunchy Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Cyperus pseudovegetus
Marsh Flatsedge, Marsh Flat Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Cyperus reflexus
Bentawn Flatsedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Cyperus retroflexus
Oneflower Flatsedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Cyperus retrofractus
Rough Flatsedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Cyperus retrorsus
Pine Barren Flatsedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water: Dry

Cyperus retrorsus var. retrorsus
Pine Barren Flatsedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Cyperus setigerus
Lean Flatsedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Cyperus squarrosus
Bearded Flatsedge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Cyperus strigosus
Straw-colored Flatsedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Cyperus surinamensis
Tropical Flatsedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Cyperus virens
Green Flatsedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Cyphomeris gypsophiloides
Red Cyphomeris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Cypripedium kentuckiense
Southern Lady's-slipper, Kentucky Lady's-slipper, Ivory Lady's-slipper, Purloined Slipper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cystopteris protrusa
Lowland Bladderfern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light:
Water: Moist

Dalea aurea
Golden Dalea, Golden Prairie Clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dalea candida
White Prairie Clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dalea candida var. candida
White Prairie Clover, White Prairie-clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dalea compacta
Compact Prairie Clover, Purple Prairie Clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Dalea emarginata
Wedgeleaf Prairie Clover

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dalea enneandra
Nine-anther Prairie Clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Dry

Dalea frutescens
Black Dalea, Black Prairie Clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dalea hallii
Hall's Prairie Clover, Hall's Dalea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Dalea lanata
Woolly Prairie Clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Dalea lasiathera
Purple Dalea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Dalea multiflora
Roundhead Prairie Clover, White Prairie Clover, Round Headed Dalea, Round Headed Clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dalea nana
Dwarf Prairie Clover, Dwarf Dalea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Dalea obovata
Pussyfoot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Dalea phleoides
Slimspike Prairie Clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Dalea phleoides var. microphylla
Slimspike Prairie Clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Dalea pogonathera
Bearded Prairie Clover, Bearded Dalea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Dalea purpurea
Purple Prairie Clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dalea purpurea var. purpurea
Purple Prairie Clover, Violet Prairie Clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Dalea tenuis
Pinkglobe Prairie Clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Dalea villosa
Silky Prairie Clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Danthonia spicata
Poverty Oatgrass, Poverty Wild Oat Grass, Curly Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Dasylirion texanum
Texas Sotol, Sotol

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Datura wrightii
Jimsonweed, Sacred Thorn-apple, Thorn-apple, Angel Trumpet, Sacred Datura

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Daucosma laciniata
Daucosma, Meadow Parasol

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Daucus pusillus
American Wild Carrot, Rattlesnake-weed, Wild Carrot

Duration: Annual, Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Delphinium carolinianum
Prairie Larkspur, Carolina Larkspur, Blue Larkspur

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Delphinium carolinianum ssp. carolinianum
Carolina Larkspur, Blue Larkspur

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Delphinium carolinianum ssp. vimineum
Carolina Larkspur, Prairie Larkspur

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Delphinium carolinianum ssp. virescens
Carolina Larkspur, Prairie Larkspur, Plains Larkspur

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Descurainia pinnata
Western Tansymustard, Tansy-mustard

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Desmanthus acuminatus
Sharp Pod Bundleflower, Wild Tantan

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub, Shrub
Light:
Water:

Desmanthus illinoensis
Illinois Bundleflower, Bundleflower, Prairie Bundle Flower, Prickleweed, Illinois Desmanthus, Prairie Mimosa

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Desmanthus leptolobus
Slenderlobe Bundleflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Desmanthus obtusus
Bluntpod Bundleflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Desmanthus reticulatus
Netleaf Bundleflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Desmanthus velutinus
Velvet Bundleflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Desmanthus virgatus
Prostrate Bundleflower, Wild Tantan, Slender Mimosa

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Desmodium canescens
Hoary Ticktrefoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Desmodium ciliare
Hairy Small-leaf Ticktrefoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Desmodium ciliare var. ciliare
Hairy Small-leaf Ticktrefoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Desmodium glutinosum
Pointedleaf Ticktrefoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Desmodium marilandicum
Smooth Small-leaf Ticktrefoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Desmodium nudiflorum
Nakedflower Ticktrefoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Desmodium obtusum
Stiff Ticktrefoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Desmodium paniculatum
Panicledleaf Ticktrefoil, Panicled Tick Trefoil, Velcro Vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Desmodium psilophyllum
Beggar's Ticks, Simpleleaf Ticktrefoil, Sticktights, Wright's Tickclover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Desmodium sessilifolium
Sessileleaf Ticktrefoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Desmodium tweedyi
Tweedy's Ticktrefoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Dichanthelium aciculare
Needleleaf Rosette Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Dichanthelium acuminatum
Tapered Rosette Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Dichanthelium acuminatum var. acuminatum
Tapered Rosette Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Dichanthelium acuminatum var. lindheimeri
Lindheimer Panicgrass, Lindheimer's Rosettegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Dichanthelium clandestinum
Deertongue, Deer-tongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Dichanthelium commutatum
Variable Panicgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Dichanthelium depauperatum
Starved Panicgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Dichanthelium dichotomum
Cypress Panicgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Dichanthelium laxiflorum
Openflower Rosette Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Dichanthelium linearifolium
Slimleaf Panicgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Dichanthelium nodatum
Sarita Rosette Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Dichanthelium oligosanthes
Heller's Rosette Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Dichanthelium oligosanthes var. oligosanthes
Heller's Rosette Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Dichanthelium ovale
Eggleaf Rosette Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Dichanthelium pedicellatum
Cedar Rosette Grass, Corm-based Panicgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Dichanthelium ravenelii
Ravenel's Rosette Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Dichanthelium sabulorum
Hemlock Rosette Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Dichanthelium sabulorum var. thinium
Hemlock Rosette Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Dichanthelium scabriusculum
Woolly Rosette Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Dichanthelium scoparium
Velvet Panicum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Dichanthelium sphaerocarpon
Roundseed Panicgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Dichondra carolinensis
Carolina Ponyfoot, Ponyfoot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Dichondra recurvata
Oakwoods Ponysfoot, Oakwoods Ponyfoot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Dicliptera brachiata
Branched Dicliptera, Branched Foldwing

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Digitaria bicornis
Asian Crabgrass

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Digitaria californica
Arizona Cottontop, California Cottontop, California Crab Grass, Cottontop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Digitaria ciliaris
Southern Crabgrass

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Digitaria cognata
Carolina Crabgrass, Fall Witchgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Digitaria filiformis
Slender Crabgrass

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Digitaria insularis
Sourgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Digitaria patens
Texas Cottontop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Digitaria pubiflora
Carolina Crabgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Diodia teres
Poorjoe

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Diodia virginiana
Virginia Buttonweed, Buttonweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Diospyros texana
Texas Persimmon, Mexican Persimmon, Black Persimmon, Chapote, Chapote Prieto

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Diospyros virginiana
Common Persimmon, Eastern Persimmon, Possumwood, Date Plum, Winter Plum, Jove's Fruit

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Distichlis spicata
Saltgrass, Coastal Salt Grass, Inland Salt-grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Dodecatheon meadia
Eastern Shooting Star, Shooting Star, Pride Of Ohio, Roosterheads, Prairie Pointers

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Doellingeria sericocarpoides
Southern Whitetop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Draba brachycarpa
Shortpod Draba

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Draba cuneifolia
Wedgeleaf Draba, Whitlow-grass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Draba cuneifolia var. cuneifolia
Wedgeleaf Draba

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Draba platycarpa
Broadpod Draba, Broad-pod Draba, Broadpod Whitlowgrass, Broadpod Whitlow-grass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Dracopis amplexicaulis
Clasping Coneflower, Clasping-leaf Coneflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Drosera brevifolia
Dwarf Sundew, Spatulate-leaved Sundew

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Drosera capillaris
Pink Sundew

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Dyschoriste linearis
Snake Herb, Polkadots, Narrowleaf Dyschoriste

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Dysodiopsis tagetoides
False Dogfennel, Dogweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Echinacea angustifolia
Black Samson, Black Samson Echinacea, Narrow-leaf Coneflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Echinacea atrorubens
Topeka Purple Coneflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Echinacea pallida
Pale Purple Coneflower, Pale Coneflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Echinacea sanguinea
Sanguine Purple Coneflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Echinocactus texensis
Horse Crippler, Horse Crippler Cactus, Devil's Head, Chisos Hedgehog Cactus, Chisos Hedgehog

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Echinocereus coccineus
Scarlet Hedgehog Cactus, Claret Cup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light:
Water:

Echinocereus coccineus var. paucispinus
Scarlet Hedgehog Cactus, Claret Cup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Echinocereus enneacanthus
Pitaya, Strawberry Cactus, Banana Cactus, Cob Cactus, Purple Pitaya, Strawberry Hedgehog Cactus, Prostrate Hedgehog Cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Echinocereus enneacanthus var. brevispinus
Pitaya

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light:
Water:

Echinocereus reichenbachii
Lace Hedgehog Cactus, Lace Cactus, Lace Hedgehog, Purple Candle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Echinochloa muricata
American Barnyard Grass, Rough Barnyard Grass, Barnyard Grass, American Cockspur Grass, Wild Millet

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Echinochloa walteri
Coast Cockspur Grass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Echinodorus berteroi
Upright Burrhead

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Echinodorus cordifolius
Creeping Burhead, Lance-leaf Burhead, Radican Sword, Burhead, Creeping Water-plantain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Wet

Echinodorus tenellus
Mudbabies

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eclipta prostrata
Pie Plant, False Daisy, Eclipta

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ehretia anacua
Anacua, Sugarberry Anacua, Anaqua, Anacahuita, Knockaway, Knackaway, Sandpaper Tree, Manzanita, Manzanillo, Tlalahuacate

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Eleocharis acicularis
Needle Spikerush

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Eleocharis atropurpurea
Purple Spikerush

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eleocharis cellulosa
Gulf Coast Spikerush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eleocharis compressa var. acutisquamata
Sharpscale Spikerush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eleocharis engelmannii
Engelmann's Spikerush

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eleocharis equisetoides
Jointed Spikesedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Eleocharis flavescens
Yellow Spikerush, Pale Spike-rush, Wrinkle-sheathed Spike-rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eleocharis interstincta
Knotted Spikerush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eleocharis macrostachya
Pale Spikerush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eleocharis microcarpa
Smallfruit Spikerush

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eleocharis minima
Small Spikerush

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eleocharis montevidensis
Sand Spikerush, Spike Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Eleocharis obtusa
Blunt Spikerush

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Eleocharis olivacea
Bright Green Spikerush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eleocharis olivacea var. olivacea
Bright Green Spikerush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eleocharis palustris
Common Spikerush, Common Spike-rush, Creeping Spikesedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Eleocharis parvula
Dwarf Spikerush

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Eleocharis quadrangulata
Squarestem Spikerush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Eleocharis reverchonii
Reverchon's Spikerush

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eleocharis rostellata
Beaked Spikerush, Leap Frog Spike Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Eleocharis tenuis
Slender Spikerush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Eleocharis tortilis
Twisted Spikerush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Elephantopus carolinianus
Carolina Elephantsfoot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Elephantopus tomentosus
Elephant's-foot, Common Elephant's-foot, Devil's Grandmother

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Elionurus tripsacoides
Pan American Balsamscale

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Elymus canadensis
Canada Wild Rye, Canadian Wildrye, Prairie Wildrye, Nodding Wildrye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Elymus virginicus
Virginia Wild Rye, Virginia Wildrye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Elymus virginicus var. virginicus
Virginia Wildrye, Virginia Wild Rye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Engelmannia peristenia
Engelmann's Daisy, Engelmann Daisy, Cutleaf Daisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Ephedra antisyphilitica
Mormon Tea, Joint-fir, Clapweed, Popote

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ephedra pedunculata
Vine Jointfir

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Epipactis gigantea
Stream Orchid, Chatterbox Orchid, Giant Hellebore

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Epithelantha micromeris
Pingpong Ball Cactus, Button Cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Equisetum hyemale
Scouring-rush Horsetail, Horsetail, Scouring Rush, Canuela

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Equisetum hyemale var. affine
Scouring-rush Horsetail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Equisetum laevigatum
Smooth Horsetail, Horsetail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Eragrostis capillaris
Lace Grass , Lace Lovegrass, Lace Love Grass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eragrostis curtipedicellata
Gummy Lovegrass, Gummy Love Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eragrostis elliottii
Field Lovegrass , Field Love Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eragrostis hirsuta
Bigtop Lovegrass , Bigtop Love Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eragrostis hypnoides
Teal Lovegrass , Teal Love Grass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eragrostis intermedia
Plains Lovegrass, Plains Love Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Eragrostis lugens
Mourning Lovegrass , Mourning Love Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eragrostis pectinacea
Tufted Lovegrass, Tufted Love Grass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eragrostis pectinacea var. pectinacea
Tufted Lovegrass, Tufted Love Grass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eragrostis refracta
Coastal Lovegrass , Coastal Love Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eragrostis secundiflora
Red Lovegrass , Red Love Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eragrostis secundiflora ssp. oxylepis
Red Lovegrass, Red Love Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Eragrostis sessilispica
Tumble Lovegrass, Tumble Love Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eragrostis spectabilis
Purple Lovegrass, Purple Love Grass, Purple Plains Lovegrass, Tumblegrass, Petticoat Climber

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Eragrostis trichodes
Sand Lovegrass, Sand Love Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Eriastrum diffusum
Miniature Woollystar

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Erigeron annuus
Eastern Daisy Fleabane, Daisy Fleabane

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Erigeron geiseri
Geiser's Fleabane

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Erigeron modestus
Plains Fleabane, Prairie Fleabane

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Erigeron philadelphicus
Philadelphia Fleabane, Fleabane Daisy

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Erigeron philadelphicus var. philadelphicus
Philadelphia Fleabane

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Erigeron procumbens
Corpus Christi Fleabane

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Erigeron pulchellus
Robin's Plantain, Poor Robin's Plantain, Rose Petty, Robert's Plantain, Blue Spring-daisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Erigeron pulchellus var. pulchellus
Robin's Plantain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Erigeron strigosus
Prairie Fleabane, Daisy Fleabane

Duration: Annual, Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Erigeron tenuis
Slenderleaf Fleabane

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eriocaulon decangulare
Ten-angle Pipewort, Pipewort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Eriocaulon koernickianum
Gulf Pipewort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eriocaulon texense
Texas Pipewort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eriochloa sericea
Texas Cupgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Eriogonum abertianum
Abert's Buckwheat, Abert's Wild Buckwheat

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eriogonum annuum
Annual Buckwheat, Annual Wild Buckwheat, Umbrella Plant

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Eriogonum jamesii
James' Buckwheat, James' Wild Buckwheat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Eriogonum longifolium
Longleaf Buckwheat, Longleaf Wild Buckwheat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eriogonum longifolium var. longifolium
Longleaf Buckwheat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eriogonum multiflorum
Wild Buckwheat, Heart-sepal Buckwheat, Heart-sepal Wild Buckwheat

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Eriogonum wrightii
Wright's Buckwheat, Bastard-sage, Wild Buckwheat, Perennial Buckwheat, Shrubby Buckwheat, Shrubby Bastard-sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Eriogonum wrightii var. wrightii
Wright's Buckwheat, Wright's Bastard-sage, Bastard-sage, Shrubby Buckwheat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Erioneuron pilosum
Hairy Woollygrass, Hairy Tridens

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Erodium texanum
Texas Stork's Bill, Stork's Bill, Pine Needle, Fillaree

Duration: Annual, Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Eryngium diffusum
Spreading Eryngo

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eryngium hookeri
Hooker's Eryngo

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eryngium integrifolium
Blueflower Eryngo, Blue-flower Coyote-thistle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eryngium leavenworthii
Leavenworth's Eryngo, Eryngo, False Purple Thistle

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Eryngium prostratum
Eryngium

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eryngium yuccifolium
Rattlesnake Master, Button Eryngo, Button Snakeroot, Beargrass, Bear's Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Eryngium yuccifolium var. yuccifolium
Button Eryngo, Rattlesnake-master, Button Snake-root

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Erysimum asperum
Western Wallflower

Duration: Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Erythrina herbacea
Coralbean, Cherokee Bean, Red Cardinal

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Erythronium albidum
White Troutlily, White Dogtooth-violet, White Fawnlily, Adder's-tongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Erythronium mesochoreum
Midland Fawnlily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eschscholzia californica
California Poppy, California Gold Poppy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Eschscholzia californica ssp. mexicana
Mexican Gold Poppy, California Poppy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Escobaria missouriensis
Missouri Foxtail Cactus, Plains Nipple Cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Euonymus americanus
American Strawberry Bush, Strawberry Bush, Brook Euonymus, Hearts-a-burstin, Bursting Heart, Wahoo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Euonymus atropurpureus
Burningbush, Eastern Wahoo, Burning Bush, Wahoo, Waahoo, Whahoo, Spindle Tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Eupatorium altissimum
Tall Thoroughwort, Tall Boneset

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eupatorium capillifolium
Dogfennel, Dog Fennel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eupatorium compositifolium
Yankeeweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eupatorium glaucescens
Waxy Thoroughwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eupatorium mohrii
Mohr's Thoroughwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Eupatorium perfoliatum
Common Boneset

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Eupatorium perfoliatum var. perfoliatum
Common Boneset

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Eupatorium rotundifolium
Roundleaf Thoroughwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eupatorium semiserratum
Smallflower Thoroughwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eupatorium serotinum
Lateflowering Thoroughwort, White Boneset, Late Boneset, Late-flowering Boneset

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Euphorbia bicolor
Snow On The Prairie, Snow-on-the-prairie

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Euphorbia corollata
Flowering Spurge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Euphorbia cyathophora
Wild Poinsettia, Poinsettia, Fire On The Mountain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Euphorbia dentata
Toothed Spurge, Toothed-leaf Poinsettia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Euphorbia hexagona
Sixangle Spurge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Euphorbia longicruris
Wedgeleaf Spurge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Euphorbia marginata
Snow On The Mountain, Snow-on-the-mountain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Euphorbia peplidion
Low Spurge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Euphorbia roemeriana
Roemer's Spurge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Euphorbia spathulata
Warty Spurge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Euphorbia tetrapora
Weak Spurge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Euphorbia texana
Texas Spurge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eurybia hemispherica
Southern Prairie Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eurytaenia texana
Texas Spreadwing

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eustoma exaltatum
Catchfly Prairie Gentian, Bluebell Gentian, Western Blue Gentian, Blue Marsh Lily, Small Bluebell, Catchfly Gentian, Seaside Gentian

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Eustoma exaltatum ssp. russellianum
Texas Bluebells, Texas Bluebell, Bluebell, Showy Prairie Gentian, Prairie Gentian

Duration: Annual, Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Euthamia graminifolia
Flat-top Goldentop, Grass-leaved Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Euthamia graminifolia var. graminifolia
Flat-top Goldentop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Euthamia gymnospermoides
Texas Goldentop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Euthamia leptocephala
Bushy Goldentop, Slender-headed Euthamia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Evax candida
Silver Pygmycudweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Evax prolifera
Bighead Pygmycudweed, Rabbit Tobacco

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Evax verna
Spring Pygmycudweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Evax verna var. verna
Spring Pygmycudweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Evolvulus alsinoides
Slender Dwarf Morning-glory

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Evolvulus alsinoides var. angustifolius
Slender Dwarf Morning-glory

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Evolvulus nuttallianus
Shaggy Dwarf Morning-glory, Shaggy Evolvulus, Silky Evolvulus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Evolvulus sericeus
Silver Dwarf Morning-glory, White Evolvulus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Evolvulus sericeus var. sericeus
Silver Dwarf Morning-glory

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eysenhardtia texana
Texas Kidneywood, Kidneywood, Bee Brush, Vara Dulce, Palo Dulce

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Fallugia paradoxa
Apache Plume, Ponil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Fendlera rupicola
Cliff Fendlerbush, False Mock-orange

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Fendlera wrightii
Wright's Fendlerbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Festuca subverticillata
Nodding Fescue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Festuca versuta
Texas Fescue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Fimbristylis autumnalis
Slender Fimbry

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Fimbristylis castanea
Marsh Fimbry, Saltmarsh Fimbristylis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Fimbristylis puberula
Hairy Fimbry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Fimbristylis vahlii
Vahl's Fimbry

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Fleischmannia incarnata
Pink Thoroughwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Forestiera acuminata
Eastern Swamp Privet, Swamp Privet, Texas Privet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Forestiera ligustrina
Upland Swampprivet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Forestiera pubescens
Elbow Bush, Stretchberry, Spring Herald, Desert Olive, Tanglewood, Devil's Elbow, Spring Goldenglow, New Mexico Privet, Texas Forsythia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Forestiera pubescens var. pubescens
Stretchberry, Elbowbush, Stretch-berry, Downy Forestiera, Desert Olive, Elbow-bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Forestiera reticulata
Net-leaf Forestiera, Netleaf Swampprivet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Fouquieria splendens
Ocotillo, Devil's Walking Stick, Candlewood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Fragaria virginiana
Virginia Strawberry, Wild Strawberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Frangula caroliniana
Carolina Buckthorn, Carolina False Buckthorn, Yellow Buckthorn, Indian Cherry, Yellowwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Fraxinus albicans
Texas Ash, Mountain Ash

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Fraxinus americana
White Ash, American Ash, Cane Ash, Smallseed White Ash, Biltmore White Ash, Biltmore Ash

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Fraxinus berlandieriana
Mexican Ash, Berlandier Ash, Berlandier's Ash, Plumero

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Fraxinus pennsylvanica
Green Ash, Red Ash, Swamp Ash, River Ash, Water Ash, Darlington Ash

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Fraxinus velutina
Arizona Ash, Velvet Ash, Desert Ash, Leatherleaf Ash, Smooth Ash, Modesto Ash, Toumey Ash, Standley Ash

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Froelichia drummondii
Drummond's Snakecotton

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Froelichia floridana
Plains Snakecotton, Snake-cotton

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Froelichia gracilis
Slender Snakecotton, Snake-cotton

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Fuirena bushii
Bush's Umbrella-sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Fuirena simplex
Western Umbrella-sedge, Umbrellagrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Fuirena simplex var. aristulata
Western Umbrella-sedge

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Fuirena simplex var. simplex
Western Umbrella-sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Fuirena squarrosa
Hairy Umbrella Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Funastrum crispum
Wavy-leaf Milkweed Vine, Wavyleaf Twinevine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Funastrum cynanchoides
Fringed Twinevine, Climbing Milkweed Vine, Twine-vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Funastrum cynanchoides ssp. cynanchoides
Fringed Twinevine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Gaillardia aestivalis
Lanceleaf Blanketflower, Winkler Gaillardia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Gaillardia aestivalis var. aestivalis
Lanceleaf Blanketflower, Prairie Gaillardia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Gaillardia aestivalis var. winkleri
Winkler's Blanketflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Gaillardia amblyodon
Maroon Blanketflower, Red Gaillardia, Red Indian Blanket

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Gaillardia pinnatifida
Red Dome Blanketflower, Yellow Gaillardia, Blanket Flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Gaillardia pulchella
Indian Blanket, Firewheel, Girasol Rojo

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Gaillardia pulchella var. pulchella
Indian Blanket, Firewheel

Duration: Annual, Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Gaillardia suavis
Pincushion Daisy, Fragrant Gaillardia, Rayless Gaillardia, Perfumeballs

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Galactia canescens
Hoary Milkpea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Galactia marginalis
Edible Milkpea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Galactia texana
Texas Milkpea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Galactia volubilis
Downy Milkpea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Galium aparine
Stickywilly, Catchweed Bedstraw, Cleavers

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light: Shade
Water:

Galium circaezans
Licorice Bedstraw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Galium obtusum
Bluntleaf Bedstraw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Galium obtusum ssp. obtusum
Bluntleaf Bedstraw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Galium pilosum
Hairy Bedstraw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Galium proliferum
Limestone Bedstraw

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Galium texense
Texas Bedstraw

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Galium tinctorium
Stiff Marsh Bedstraw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Galium virgatum
Southwest Bedstraw, Southwestern Bedstraw

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Galphimia angustifolia
Narrow-leaf Goldshower, Narrowleaf Goldshower, Thryallis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Gamochaeta argyrinea
Silvery Everlasting

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Gamochaeta falcata
Narrowleaf Purple Everlasting

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Gamochaeta pensylvanica
Pennsylvania Everlasting

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Gamochaeta purpurea
Spoonleaf Purple Everlasting

Duration: Annual, Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Garrya ovata
Eggleaf Silktassel, Mexican Silktassel, Eggleaf Garrya, Zumaque, Cuauchichic, Cuauchichi, Guachichi

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Garrya ovata ssp. lindheimeri
Lindheimer's Silktassel, Lindheimer Silktassel, Lindheimer's Garrya, Lindheimer Garrya, Mexican Silktassel, Mexican Garrya, Eggleaf Silktassel, Eggleaf Garrya

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Garrya wrightii
Wright's Silktassel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Gelsemium sempervirens
Carolina Jessamine, Yellow Jessamine, Evening Trumpetflower, Poor Man's Rope

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Geranium carolinianum
Carolina Geranium, Wild Geranium, Carolina Cranesbill

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Geranium texanum
Texas Geranium

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Geum canadense
White Avens

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Gilia flavocincta
Lesser Yellowthroat Gilia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Giliastrum acerosum
Bluebowls, Prickleleaf Gilia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Giliastrum incisum
Splitleaf Gilia, Split-leaf Gilia, Cut-leaf Gilia

Duration: Annual, Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Giliastrum rigidulum
Bluebowls, Blue Gilia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Gillenia stipulata
American Ipecac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Glandularia bipinnatifida
Prairie Verbena, Purple Prairie Verbena, Dakota Vervain, Dakota Mock Vervain, Moradilla, Alfombrilla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Glandularia bipinnatifida var. bipinnatifida
Prairie Verbena, Purple Prairie Verbena, Dakota Mock Vervain, Dakota Vervain

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Glandularia bipinnatifida var. ciliata
Davis Mountains Mock Vervain, Dakota Mock Vervain, Wright's Verbena

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Glandularia canadensis
Rose Vervain, Sweet William, Rose Mock Vervain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Glandularia pumila
Dwarf Vervain, Low Verbena, Pink Mock Vervain, Pink Verbena, Wild Vervain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Glandularia quandrangulata
Beaked Mock Vervain, Pale Mock Vervain, Chihuahuan Mock Vervain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Gleditsia aquatica
Water Locust, Swamp Locust

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Gleditsia triacanthos
Honey Locust, Common Honey Locust, Thorny Common Honey Locust, Honey Shucks Locust, Sweet Locust, Thorny Locust, Honey Shucks, Sweet Bean Tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Glyceria septentrionalis
Floating Mannagrass, Northern Mannagrass, Eastern Mannagrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water: Wet

Glyceria striata
Fowl Mannagrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Gomphrena nealleyi
Nealley's Globe Amaranth

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Gomphrena serrata
Arrasa Con Todo

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Gossypianthus lanuginosus
Woolly Cottonflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Gratiola brevifolia
Sticky Hedgehyssop

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Gratiola flava
Yellow Hedgehyssop

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Gratiola neglecta
Clammy Hedgehyssop

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Gratiola virginiana
Roundfruit Hedgehyssop

Duration: Annual, Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Grindelia adenodonta
Lonestar Gumweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Grindelia lanceolata
Narrowleaf Gumweed, Fall Gumweed

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Grindelia lanceolata var. lanceolata
Narrowleaf Gumweed

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Grindelia nuda var. nuda
Curlytop Gumweed

Duration: Annual, Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Grindelia papposa
Spanish Gold, Clasping-leaved Haplopappus, Saw-leaf Daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Grindelia squarrosa
Curlycup Gumweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Dry

Guaiacum angustifolium
Texas Lignum-vitae, Soapbush, Guayacan

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Guilleminea densa
Small Matweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Gutierrezia microcephala
Threadleaf Snakeweed, Threadleaf Broomweed, Smallhead Snakeweed, Littlehead Snakeweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Gutierrezia sarothrae
Broom Snakeweed, Kindlingweed, Matchbrush, Texas Snakeweed, Broomweed, Turpentine Weed, Matchweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Gutierrezia sphaerocephala
Roundleaf Snakeweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Gutierrezia texana
Texas Snakeweed

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Gymnocladus dioicus
Kentucky Coffeetree, Stump Tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Gymnopogon ambiguus
Bearded Skeletongrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Gymnosperma glutinosum
Gumhead, Tatalencho

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Habenaria repens
Waterspider Bog Orchid, Water-spider Orchid

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Habranthus tubispathus
Copper Lily, Rio Grande Copper-lily, Rio Grande Copperlily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Hackelia virginiana
Beggarslice, Beggar's-lice, Stickseed, Sticktight, Wild Comfrey, Virginia Stickseed

Duration: Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Halesia diptera
Two-wing Silverbell, Two-winged Silverbell, Silverbell, American Snowdrop Tree, Snowdrop Tree, Snowbell, Cowlicks

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Hedeoma acinoides
Slender False Pennyroyal, Annual Pennyroyal, Slender Hedeoma

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Hedeoma drummondii
Drummond's False Pennyroyal, Limoncillo, Mock Pennyroyal

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Hedeoma hispida
Rough False Pennyroyal

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hedeoma reverchonii
Reverchon's False Pennyroyal

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Hedeoma reverchonii var. reverchonii
Reverchon's False Pennyroyal, Rock Hedeoma

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Hedeoma reverchonii var. serpyllifolia
Reverchon's False Pennyroyal, Rock Hedeoma

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helenium amarum
Yellow Sneezeweed, Bitterweed, Yellow Bitterweed, Yellowdicks, Slender-leaved Sneezeweed, Fine-leaved Sneezweed, Yellow Dog-fennel

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Helenium amarum var. amarum
Yellowdicks, Yellow Bitterweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helenium amarum var. badium
Yellowdicks, Brown Bitterweed, Basin Sneezeweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helenium autumnale
Common Sneezeweed, Fall Sneezeweed, Autumn Sneezeweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Helenium autumnale var. autumnale
Common Sneezeweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Helenium elegans
Pretty Sneezeweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helenium flexuosum
Purplehead Sneezeweed, Purple-head Sneezeweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Helenium microcephalum
Smallhead Sneezeweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helianthemum carolinianum
Carolina Frostweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helianthemum georgianum
Georgia Frostweed, Rockrose, Georgia Sunrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helianthemum rosmarinifolium
Rosemary Frostweed, Sun Rose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Helianthus angustifolius
Swamp Sunflower, Narrowleaf Sunflower, Narrow-leaved Sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Helianthus annuus
Common Sunflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Helianthus argophyllus
Silverleaf Sunflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Helianthus ciliaris
Texas Blueweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helianthus debilis
Beach Sunflower, Cucumber-leaf Sunflower, Cucumberleaf Sunflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Helianthus debilis ssp. cucumerifolius
Cucumberleaf Sunflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helianthus grosseserratus
Sawtooth Sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Helianthus hirsutus
Hairy Sunflower, Rough Sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helianthus maximiliani
Maximilian Sunflower, Max Sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Helianthus mollis
Ashy Sunflower, Downy Sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helianthus occidentalis
Fewleaf Sunflower, Western Sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Helianthus pauciflorus
Stiff Sunflower, Prairie Sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helianthus pauciflorus ssp. pauciflorus
Stiff Sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Helianthus petiolaris
Prairie Sunflower, Plains Sunflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Helianthus salicifolius
Willowleaf Sunflower, Willow-leaved Sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helianthus tuberosus
Jerusalem Artichoke, Sunchoke

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Heliopsis helianthoides
Smooth Oxeye, Oxeye Sunflower, False Sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Heliotropium convolvulaceum
Phlox Heliotrope, Fragrant Heliotrope

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Heliotropium curassavicum
Salt Heliotrope, Seaside Heliotrope, Quail Plant, Cola De Mico, Cola De Gama

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Heliotropium procumbens
Fourspike Heliotrope

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Heliotropium tenellum
Pasture Heliotrope, White Heliotrope

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Herbertia lahue
Prairie Nymph, Herbertia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Herbertia lahue ssp. caerulea
Prairie Nymph, Herbertia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Hermannia texana
Mexican Mallow, Texas Burstwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hesperaloe parviflora
Red Yucca, Coral Yucca, Red-flowered False Yucca, Redflower False Yucca, Yellow Yucca, Hummingbird Yucca, Samandoque

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Heteranthera dubia
Grassleaf Mudplantain, Water Stargrass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Heteranthera limosa
Blue Mud Plantain, Blue Mudplantain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Heteropogon contortus
Tanglehead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Heterotheca canescens
Gray Golden-aster, Hoary False Goldenaster

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Heterotheca fulcrata
Rockyscree False Goldenaster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Heterotheca stenophylla
Stiffleaf False Goldenaster, Sticky Granite-daisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Heterotheca subaxillaris
Camphorweed, Camphor Weed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Heterotheca villosa
Hairy False Goldenaster, Hairy Golden-aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Hexalectris nitida
Glass Mountain Crested Coralroot, Glass Mountain Crested Coral Root

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hexalectris spicata
Spiked Crested Coralroot, Spiked Crested Coral Root

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hexalectris spicata var. spicata
Spiked Crested Coralroot, Spiked Crested Coral Root

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hexalectris warnockii
Texas Crested Coralroot, Texas Purple Spike, Texas Crested Coral Root

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hibiscus denudatus
Paleface, Rock Hibiscus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Hibiscus laevis
Halberdleaf Rosemallow, Halberdleaf Hibiscus, Scarlet Rose Mallow, Halberd-leaved Hibiscus, Halberd-leaved Rose-mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Hibiscus lasiocarpos
Woolly Rose-mallow, Woolly Mallow, Rose-mallow, False Cotton

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Hibiscus striatus
Striped Rosemallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Hibiscus striatus ssp. lambertianus
Striped Rosemallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Hieracium gronovii
Queendevil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hilaria belangeri
Curly Mesquite Grass, Curly Mesquite

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Hilaria belangeri var. belangeri
Curly-mesquite

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Hoffmannseggia glauca
Indian Rushpea, Indian Rush-pea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hoffmannseggia oxycarpa
Sharppod Rushpea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Hordeum pusillum
Little Barley

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Hottonia inflata
American Featherfoil, Featherfoil

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Houstonia acerosa
Needleleaf Bluet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Houstonia humifusa
Matted Bluet

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Houstonia micrantha
Southern Bluet

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Houstonia parviflora
Greenman's Bluet

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Houstonia pusilla
Tiny Bluets, Small Bluets, Star Violet

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Houstonia rosea
Rose Bluet

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Houstonia subviscosa
Nodding Bluet

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hybanthus verticillatus
Babyslippers, Nodding Green Violet, Green Violet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Hydrocotyle prolifera
Whorled Marshpennywort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Wet

Hydrocotyle ranunculoides
Floating Marshpennywort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hydrocotyle umbellata
Manyflower Marsh-pennywort, Many-flowered Marsh-pennywort, Marsh Pennywort, Water Pennywort, Money Plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Hydrocotyle verticillata
Whorled Marshpennywort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hydrolea ovata
Blue Waterleaf, Ovate False Fiddleleaf, Hairy Hydrolea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Hygrophila lacustris
Gulf Swampweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hymenocallis liriosme
Texas Spiderlily, Spring Spiderlily, Spiderlily, Louisiana Spiderlily, Western Marsh Spiderlily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Hymenoclea monogyra
Singlewhorl Burrobrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Hymenopappus artemisiifolius
Oldplainsman, Woolly-white, Old Plainsman

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Hymenopappus artemisiifolius var. artemisiifolius
Oldplainsman

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hymenopappus carrizoanus
Carrizo Sands Woollywhite

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hymenopappus scabiosaeus
Carolina Woollywhite, Old Plainsman, Woolly-white

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hymenopappus scabiosaeus var. corymbosus
Carolina Woollywhite, Old Plainsman

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hymenopappus tenuifolius
Chalk Hill Hymenopappus

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hymenoxys odorata
Bitter Rubberweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hypericum crux-andreae
St. Peter's-wort, Atlantic St. Peter's-wort, St. Peter's Cross, St. John's-wort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Hypericum drummondii
Nits And Lice, Drummond's St. John's-wort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hypericum gentianoides
Orangegrass, Pineweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Hypericum gymnanthum
Claspingleaf St. John's-wort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hypericum hypericoides
St. Andrew's-cross

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Hypericum hypericoides ssp. multicaule
St. Andrew's-cross

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub, Shrub
Light:
Water:

Hypericum mutilum
Dwarf St. John's-wort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Hypericum punctatum
Spotted St. John's-wort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Hypericum sphaerocarpum
Roundseed St. John's-wort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hypoxis hirsuta
Common Goldstar, Yellow Star-grass, Eastern Yellow Star-grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Hypoxis wrightii
Wright's Star-grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ibervillea lindheimeri
Balsam Gourd, Lindheimer's Globeberry, Globe Berry, Snake-apple, Balsam-apple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Ilex ambigua
Carolina Holly, Sand Holly, Possum Holly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Ilex coriacea
Baygall Bush, Large Gallberry, Gallberry, Tall Inkberry Holly, Inkberry Holly, Shining Inkberry, Inkberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ilex decidua
Possumhaw, Possumhaw Holly, Deciduous Holly, Meadow Holly, Prairie Holly, Swamp Holly, Welk Holly, Deciduous Yaupon, Bearberry, Winterberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ilex opaca
American Holly, White Holly, Prickly Holly, Evergreen Holly, Christmas Holly, Yule Holly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Dry

Ilex vomitoria
Yaupon, Yaupon Holly, Cassina

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Impatiens capensis
Jewelweed, Orange Jewelweed, Spotted Touch-me-not

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Indigofera lindheimeriana
Lindheimer's Indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Indigofera miniata
Scarlet Pea, Coastal Indigo, Texas Indigo, Western Indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Indigofera suffruticosa
Anil De Pasto

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Ipomoea cordatotriloba
Tievine, Purple Bindweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Ipomoea cordatotriloba var. cordatotriloba
Tievine, Sharp-pod Morning Glory, Purple Bindweed, Tie Vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Ipomoea cordatotriloba var. torreyana
Torrey's Tievine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light:
Water:

Ipomoea lindheimeri
Lindheimer's Morning-glory, Blue Morning Glory

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Ipomoea pandurata
Man Of The Earth, Wild Potato, Wild Sweet Potato, Manroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ipomoea sagittata
Saltmarsh Morning-glory, Salt-marsh Morning Glory

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Ipomopsis longiflora
Flaxflowered Ipomopsis, Pale Trumpets, Paleflower Gilia, White-flower Skyrocket, White-flowered Gilia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Ipomopsis rubra
Standing Cypress, Texas Plume, Red Texas Star, Red Gilia

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Iresine rhizomatosa
Judas Bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Iris fulva
Copper Iris, Red Iris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Iris hexagona
Dixie Iris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Iris virginica
Virginia Iris, Great Blue Flag, Southern Blue Flag

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Isocoma drummondii
Drummond's Goldenbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Isoetes butleri
Limestone Quillwort, Glade Quillwort, Butler's Quillwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Isoetes melanopoda
Blackfoot Quillwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Isolepis carinata
Keeled Bulrush

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Isolepis molesta
Gulf Coast Bulrush

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Iva angustifolia
Narrowleaf Marshelder, Narrow-leaf Sumpweed, Narrowleaf Marsh Elder

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Iva annua
Annual Marshelder, Marshelder, Sumpweed, Annual Marsh Elder, Marsh Elder

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Jacquemontia tamnifolia
Hairy Clustervine, Hairy Cluster-vine

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Janusia gracilis
Slender Janusia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Jatropha cathartica
Berlandier's Nettlespurge, Jicamilla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Jatropha dioica
Leatherstem, Leather Stem, Rubber Plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Jatropha dioica var. dioica
Leatherstem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Juglans major
Arizona Walnut, Arizona Black Walnut, River Walnut, Mountain Walnut, Nogal Silvestre

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Juglans microcarpa
Little Walnut, Texas Walnut, Texas Black Walnut, River Walnut, Nogalito, Nogalillo, Namboca

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Juglans nigra
Black Walnut, Eastern Black Walnut, American Black Walnut

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Juncus acuminatus
Tapertip Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Juncus brachycarpus
Whiteroot Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Juncus bufonius
Toad Rush

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Juncus coriaceus
Leathery Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Juncus dichotomus
Forked Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Juncus diffusissimus
Slimpod Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Juncus dudleyi
Dudley's Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Juncus effusus
Common Rush, Soft Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Juncus filipendulus
Ringseed Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Juncus interior
Inland Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Juncus interior var. interior
Inland Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Juncus marginatus
Grassleaf Rush, Grass Leaf Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Juncus nodatus
Stout Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Juncus polycephalos
Manyhead Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Juncus roemerianus
Black Needlerush, Needlegrass Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Juncus scirpoides
Needlepod Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Juncus tenuis
Poverty Rush, Path Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Juncus texanus
Texas Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Juncus torreyi
Torrey's Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Juncus validus
Roundhead Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Juncus validus var. validus
Roundhead Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Juniperus ashei
Ashe Juniper, Ashe's Juniper, Mountain Cedar, Rock Cedar, Post Cedar, Texas Cedar, Brake Cedar, Mexican Juniper, Blueberry Juniper, Ozark White Cedar, Sabino, Enebro

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Juniperus pinchotii
Pinchot's Juniper, Pinchot Juniper, Redberry Juniper, Texas Juniper, Christmasberry Juniper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Juniperus virginiana
Eastern Red Cedar, Eastern Redcedar, Virginia Juniper, Red Juniper, Pencil Cedar, Carolina Cedar, Red Savin, Baton Rouge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Justicia americana
American Water-willow, Water-willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Justicia pilosella
Hairy Tube-tongue, Gregg's Tube-tongue, False Honeysuckle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Kallstroemia grandiflora
Arizona Poppy, Desert Poppy, Orange Caltrop, Summer Poppy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Kallstroemia hirsutissima
Hairy Caltrop, Hairy Carpetweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Kallstroemia maxima
Big Caltrop

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Kallstroemia parviflora
Warty Caltrop, Small-flowered Carpetweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Koeberlinia spinosa
Crown Of Thorns, Spiny Allthorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Koeleria macrantha
Prairie Junegrass, Junegrass, Prairie Koeler's Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Kosteletzkya virginica
Virginia Saltmarsh Mallow, Virginia Fen-rose, Saltmarsh Mallow, Seashore Mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Krameria erecta
Littleleaf Ratany, Range Ratany

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Krameria grayi
White Ratany, Crimson Beak, Chacati, Cosahui

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Krameria lanceolata
Trailing Krameria, Ratany, Crameria, Prairie Sandbur, Trailing Ratany

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Krigia caespitosa
Weedy Dwarfdandelion, Dwarf Dandelion

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Krigia dandelion
Potato Dwarf Dandelion, Potato Dandelion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Krigia occidentalis
Western Dwarfdandelion

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Krigia virginica
Virginia Dwarfdandelion, Virginia Dwarf-dandelion, Virginia Dwarf Dandelion, Dwarf Dandelion

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Krigia wrightii
Wright's Dwarfdandelion

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Kyllinga brevifolia
Shortleaf Spikesedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Kyllinga odorata
Fragrant Spikesedge

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Lactuca canadensis
Canada Lettuce, Wild Lettuce

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Lactuca floridana
Woodland Lettuce, Florida Lettuce

Duration: Annual, Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Lactuca hirsuta
Hairy Lettuce

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lactuca ludoviciana
Western Wild Lettuce, Louisiana Wild Lettuce, Prairie Lettuce, Prairie Wild Lettuce, Biannual Lettuce

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Lantana urticoides
Texas Lantana, Calico Bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lathyrus venosus
Veiny Pea, Veiny Vetchling, Wild Sweet Pea, Bushy Vetch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Lechea mucronata
Hairy Pinweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lechea san-sabeana
San Saba Pinweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lechea tenuifolia
Narrowleaf Pinweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Leersia hexandra
Southern Cutgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Leersia lenticularis
Catchfly Grass, Oatmeal Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Leersia monandra
Cut Rice Grass, Bunch Cutgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Leersia oryzoides
Rice Cutgrass, Rice Cut Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Leersia virginica
Whitegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Lemna aequinoctialis
Lesser Duckweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lemna minor
Common Duckweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Lemna obscura
Little Duckweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lemna valdiviana
Valdivia Duckweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lepidium austrinum
Southern Peppergrass, Southern Pepperwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lepidium densiflorum
Common Pepperweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lepidium oblongum
Veiny Pepperweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lepidium virginicum
Virginia Peppergrass, Virginia Pepperweed, Peppergrass, Poor Man's Pepper

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Leptochloa dubia
Green Sprangletop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Leptochloa fusca
Malabar Sprangletop

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Leptochloa fusca ssp. fascicularis
Bearded Sprangletop

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Leptochloa panicea
Mucronate Sprangletop, Red Sprangletop, Needle Sprangletop

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Leptochloa panicea ssp. brachiata
Red Sprangletop

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Lepuropetalon spathulatum
Petiteplant

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Lespedeza capitata
Roundhead Lespedeza, Roundhead Bush-clover, Round-headed Lespedeza, Round-headed Bush-clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lespedeza hirta
Hairy Lespedeza

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Lespedeza repens
Creeping Lespedeza, Creeping Bush-clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lespedeza stuevei
Tall Bush-clover, Tall Lespedeza

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lespedeza texana
Texas Lespedeza, Texas Bush-clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Lespedeza violacea
Violet Lespedeza

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Lespedeza virginica
Slender Lespedeza, Slender Bush-clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Lesquerella argyraea
Silver Bladderpod

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lesquerella auriculata
Earleaf Bladderpod

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lesquerella densiflora
Denseflower Bladderpod, Low Bladderpod

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lesquerella engelmannii
Engelmann's Bladderpod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lesquerella gordonii
Gordon's Bladderpod

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Lesquerella gracilis
Spreading Bladderpod, Cloth-of-gold

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Lesquerella gracilis ssp. gracilis
Spreading Bladderpod

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lesquerella grandiflora
Bigflower Bladderpod

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lesquerella lasiocarpa
Roughpod Bladderpod

Duration: Annual, Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lesquerella recurvata
Gaslight Bladderpod

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lesquerella sessilis
Sessile Bladderpod

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Leucaena pulverulenta
Great Leadtree, Mexican Leadtree, Great Leucaena, Tepeguaje

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Leucaena retusa
Goldenball Leadtree, Littleleaf Leadtree, Little Leucaena, Lemonball, Wahoo Tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Leucophyllum frutescens
Cenizo, Purple Sage, Texas Ranger, Texas Barometer Bush, Texas Silverleaf, Texas Sage, Silverleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Leucospora multifida
Narrowleaf Paleseed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Liatris acidota
Sharp Blazing Star, Sharp Gayfeather, Sharp Liatris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Liatris aestivalis
Summer Gayfeather, Summer Blazing Star, Summer Liatris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Liatris aspera
Tall Blazing Star, Tall Gayfeather, Tall Liatris, Rough Blazing Star, Rough Gayfeather, Rough Liatris, Button Snakeroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Liatris bracteata
Bracted Blazing Star, Bracted Gayfeather, Bracted Liatris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Liatris elegans
Pink-scale Blazing Star, Pink-scale Gayfeather, Pink-scale Liatris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Liatris elegans var. bridgesii
Pinkscale Blazingstar, Pinkscale Gayfeather

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Liatris elegans var. carizzana
Pink-scale Blazing Star, Pink-scale Gayfeather, Pink-scale Liatris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Liatris punctata
Dotted Blazing Star, Dotted Gayfeather, Dotted Liatris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Liatris punctata var. mucronata
Texas Gayfeather, Texas Blazing Star, Texas Liatris, Cusp Liatris, Cusp Blazing Star, Cusp Gayfeather, Narrow-leaf Liatris, Narrow-leaf Blazing Star, Narrow-leaf Gayfeather

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Liatris pycnostachya
Prairie Blazing Star, Prairie Gayfeather, Prairie Liatris, Kansas Blazing Star, Kansas Gayfeather, Kansas Liatris, Cat-tail Blazing Star, Cat-tail Gayfeather, Cat-tail Liatris, Hairy Button-snakeroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Liatris squarrosa
Scaly Blazing Star, Scaly Gayfeather, Scaly Liatris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Liatris squarrosa var. glabrata
Scaly Blazing Star, Scaly Gayfeather, Scaly Liatris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Limnodea arkansana
Ozark Grass, Ozarkgrass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Limnosciadium pinnatum
Tansy Dogshade

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Limonium carolinianum
Carolina Sealavender, Sea Lavender

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Lindera benzoin
Northern Spicebush, Spicebush, Wild Allspice

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Lindernia dubia
Yellowseed False Pimpernel

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lindheimera texana
Texas Yellowstar, Texas Star, Texas Yellow-star, Lindheimer Daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Linum alatum
Winged Flax

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Linum aristatum
Bristle Flax

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Linum berlandieri
Berlandier's Yellow Flax

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Linum berlandieri var. berlandieri
Berlandier's Yellow Flax, Yellow Flax, Stiff-stem Flax

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Linum hudsonioides
Hudson Flax, Texas Flax, Yellow Flax

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Linum imbricatum
Tufted Flax

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Linum medium
Stiff Yellow Flax

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Linum medium var. texanum
Stiff Yellow Flax

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Linum pratense
Meadow Flax

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Linum rupestre
Rock Flax

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Linum sulcatum
Grooved Flax, Yellow Prairie Flax

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Linum vernale
Chihuahuan Flax, Chihuahua Flax

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lipocarpha aristulata
Awned Halfchaff Sedge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Lipocarpha drummondii
Drummond's Halfchaff Sedge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Liquidambar styraciflua
Sweetgum, American Sweetgum, Red Gum, White Gum, Star-leaved Gum, Starleaf Gum, Alligator Tree, Satin Walnut, Bilsted, Liquidambar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Listera australis
Southern Twayblade

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Lithospermum caroliniense
Carolina Puccoon, Hairy Puccoon, Hispid Gromwell

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Lithospermum incisum
Fringed Puccoon, Golden Puccoon, Narrowleaf Puccoon, Narrow-leaved Puccoon, Puccoon, Narrowleaf Gromwell, Fringed Gromwell, Narrowleaf Stoneseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lithospermum matamorense
Rough Stoneseed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lithospermum mirabile
San Antonio Stoneseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lobelia appendiculata
Pale Lobelia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lobelia appendiculata var. appendiculata
Pale Lobelia

Duration: Annual, Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lobelia berlandieri var. brachypoda
Berlandier's Lobelia, Blue Lobelia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lobelia cardinalis
Cardinal Flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Lobelia puberula
Downy Lobelia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lobelia siphilitica
Great Blue Lobelia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Lobelia spicata
Pale-spike Lobelia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Loeflingia squarrosa
Spreading Pygmyleaf

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lonicera albiflora
Western White Honeysuckle, White Shrub Honeysuckle, White Bush Honeysuckle, White Limestone Honeysuckle, Texas Honeysuckle, White Honeysuckle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Lonicera sempervirens
Coral Honeysuckle, Trumpet Honeysuckle, Woodbine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Lotus unifoliolatus
American Bird's-foot Trefoil

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ludwigia alternifolia
Seedbox

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Ludwigia decurrens
Wingleaf Primrose-willow

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ludwigia glandulosa
Cylindric-fruit Primrose-willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ludwigia hirtella
Spindleroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ludwigia leptocarpa
Anglestem Primrose-willow

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Ludwigia linearis
Narrowleaf Primrose-willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ludwigia octovalvis
Mexican Primrose-willow, Narrow-leaf Water Primrose, Seedbox, Mexican Primrose Willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ludwigia octovalvis ssp. octovalvis
Mexican Primrose-willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Ludwigia palustris
Marsh Seedbox

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Ludwigia peploides
Creepingâ Water-primrose, Floating Primrose-willow, Water-primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Ludwigia repens
Creeping Primrose-willow, Floating Primrose-willow, Water Primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lupinus subcarnosus
Sandyland Bluebonnet, Texas Bluebonnet

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Lupinus texensis
Texas Bluebonnet, Bluebonnet, Texas Lupine, Buffalo Clover, Wolf Flower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lycium berlandieri
Berlandier's Wolfberry, Wolfberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Lycium carolinianum
Carolina Wolfberry, Carolina Desert-thorn, Creeping Wolfberry, Christmas Berry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Lycium carolinianum var. quadrifidum
Carolina Wolfberry, Creeping Wolfberry, Carolina Desert-thorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Lycium torreyi
Torrey Wolfberry, Desert-thorn, Box-thorn, Squawberry, Rabbit-thorn, Tomatillo, Garambullo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lycopodiella alopecuroides
Foxtail Clubmoss

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Lycopus americanus
American Water Horehound, Water Horehound

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Lycopus rubellus
Taperleaf Water Horehound

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lycopus virginicus
Virginia Water Horehound, Virginia Bugleweed, American Water Horehound, Sweet Bugleweed, Water Bugle, Carpenter's Herb, Greeen Archangle, Purple Archangle, Paul's Betony, Wood-betony, Wolf-foot, Egyptian's Herb

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Lygodesmia texana
Texas Skeleton Plant, Texas Skeleton Weed, Skeleton-plant, Purple Dandelion, Flowering Straw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lyonia mariana
Piedmont Staggerbush, Staggerbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Lysimachia ciliata
Fringed Loosestrife, Fringed Yellow Loosestrife

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Lysimachia lanceolata
Lanceleaf Loosestrife, Lance-leaved Loosestrife

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lythrum alatum
Winged Lythrum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Lythrum alatum var. lanceolatum
Winged Lythrum, Lance-leaf Loosestrife

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lythrum californicum
California Loosestrife

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Lythrum ovalifolium
Low Loosestrife, Stream Loosestrife

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Machaeranthera pinnatifida
Lacy Tansyaster, Yellow Spiny Daisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Machaeranthera pinnatifida ssp. pinnatifida
Lacy Tansyaster, Yellow Spiny Daisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Machaeranthera pinnatifida ssp. pinnatifida var. pinnatifida
Lacy Tansyaster, Yellow Spiny Daisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Maclura pomifera
Osage Orange, Bois d' Arc, Bodark, Horse Apple, Hedge Apple, Bowwood, Yellowwood, Naranjo Chino

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Madia elegans
Common Madia, Elegant Madia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Magnolia grandiflora
Southern Magnolia, Evergreen Magnolia, Loblolly Magnolia, Great Laurel Magnolia, Big Laurel, Bull Bay

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Mahonia swaseyi
Texas Barberry, Texas Oregon-grape

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Mahonia trifoliolata
Agarita, Agarito, Algerita, Laredo Mahonia, Laredo Oregon-grape, Trifoliate Barberry, Wild Currant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Malachra capitata
Malva De Caballo

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Malaxis unifolia
Green Adder's-mouth Orchid

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Malpighia glabra
Barbados Cherry, Wild Crapemyrtle, Acerola, Manzanita

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Malus angustifolia
Southern Crabapple, Narrowleaf Crabapple, Wild Crabapple, Southern Crab, Narrowleaf Crab, Wild Crab

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Malvastrum aurantiacum
Wright's False Mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Malvaviscus arboreus
Turkscap, Wax Mallow, Bleeding Hearts, Mexican Apple, Manzanita

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Malvaviscus arboreus var. drummondii
Turk's Cap, Drummond's Turk's Cap, Drummond Turk's Cap, Wax Mallow, Drummond's Wax Mallow, Drummond Wax Mallow, Red Mallow, Texas Mallow, Mexican Apple, Sleeping Hibiscus, Bleeding Hearts, Manzanita

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Malvella leprosa
Alkali Mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mammillaria heyderi
Little Nipple Cactus, Heyder Pincushion Cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Mandevilla macrosiphon
Plateau Rocktrumpet, Longtube Trumpet Flower, Flor De San Juan, Rock Trumpet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Manfreda maculosa
False Aloe, Spice Lily, Spice-lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Manfreda sileri
Siler's Tuberose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Manfreda virginica
False Aloe, Rattlesnake Master

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Marshallia caespitosa
Barbara's-buttons, Puffballs, White Barbara's-buttons

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Marshallia caespitosa var. caespitosa
Barbara's Buttons, Puffballs

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Marshallia caespitosa var. signata
Marked Barbara's-buttons, Marked Barbara's Buttons, Puffballs

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Marshallia graminifolia
Grassleaf Barbara's Buttons

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Marshallia graminifolia var. cynanthera
Grassleaf Barbara's Buttons

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Marsilea macropoda
Bigfoot Water-clover, Water-clover, Clover-fern, Largefoot Pepperwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Marsilea vestita
Hairy Water-clover, Hairy Waterclover, Hairy Water Clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Matelea biflora
Purple Milkweed Vine, Star Milkvine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Matelea cynanchoides
Prairie Milkvine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Matelea decipiens
Oldfield Milkvine, Deceptive Milkvine, Deceptive Spinypod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light:
Water:

Matelea edwardsensis
Plateau Milkvine, Plateau Milkweed Vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Matelea gonocarpos
Anglepod, Angularfruit Milkvine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Matelea reticulata
Pearl Milkweed Vine, Netted Milkvine, Green Milkweed Vine, Net Vein Milkvine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Matelea sagittifolia
Arrowleaf Milkvine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Vine
Light:
Water:

Maurandella antirrhiniflora
Snapdragon Vine , Roving Sailor, Climbing Snapdragon, Little Snapdragon Vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Mayaca fluviatilis
Stream Bogmoss

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mecardonia acuminata
Axilflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Mecardonia procumbens
Baby Jump-up

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Melampodium cinereum
Hoary Blackfoot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Melampodium leucanthum
Blackfoot Daisy, Rock Daisy, Plains Blackfoot, Arnica

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Melica nitens
Three-flower Melic, Tall Melicgrass, Threeflower Melicgrass, Melicgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Melochia pyramidata
Pyramidflower, Broom-wood, Pyramid Flower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Melothria pendula
Guadeloupe Cucumber, Meloncito, Speckled Gourd

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Melothria pendula var. pendula
Guadeloupe Cucumber

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light:
Water:

Menispermum canadense
Common Moonseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Menodora heterophylla
Low Menodora, Redbud, Twinpod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Menodora longiflora
Showy Menodora, Twinpod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Menodora scabra
Rough Menodora

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Mentzelia albescens
Wavyleaf Blazingstar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mentzelia albicaulis
Whitestem Blazingstar

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mentzelia multiflora
Adonis Blazingstar, Prairie Stickleaf, Blazingstar

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mentzelia nuda
Bractless Blazingstar, Sand Lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mentzelia oligosperma
Stick-leaf, Chickenthief

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Mentzelia reverchonii
Reverchon's Blazingstar, Reverchon's Stick-leaf, Prairie Stickleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Merremia dissecta
Alamo Vine, Noyau Vine, Correhuela De Las Doce

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Meximalva filipes
Texasfan

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Mikania scandens
Climbing Hempvine, Climbing Hempweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Shade
Water: Wet

Mimosa aculeaticarpa
Catclaw Mimosa

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light:
Water:

Mimosa aculeaticarpa var. biuncifera
Catclaw Mimosa, Cat's-claw Mimosa, Wait-a-bit

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Mimosa borealis
Fragrant Mimosa, Pink Mimosa

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Mimosa hystricina
Porcupine Mimosa

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mimosa latidens
Kairn's Sensitive Briar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mimosa nuttallii
Nuttall's Sensitive Briar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mimosa roemeriana
Roemer's Mimosa, Sensitive Briar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Mimosa strigillosa
Powderpuff, Sunshine Mimosa, Sensitive Plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water: Moist, Dry

Mimosa texana
Texas Mimosa, Wherry Mimosa

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Mimulus alatus
Sharpwing Monkeyflower, Sharp-winged Monkeyflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mimulus glabratus
Roundleaf Monkeyflower, Yellow Monkeyflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Minuartia drummondii
Drummond's Stitchwort, Sandwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Minuartia patula
Pitcher's Stitchwort, Slender Sandwort, Spreading Sandwort, Lime Barren Sandwort, Glade Sandwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mirabilis albida
White Four O'clock, Dwarf Four O'clock

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Mirabilis gigantea
Giant Four O'Clock

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mirabilis linearis
Narrowleaf Four O'Clock

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Mirabilis multiflora
Colorado Four O'Clock

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Mirabilis nyctaginea
Heartleaf Four O'Clock

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Mirabilis oxybaphoides
Smooth Spreading Four O'Clock

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mitchella repens
Partridgeberry, Twinberry, Running Box, Pigeon Plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Mitreola petiolata
Lax Hornpod

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mitreola sessilifolia
Swamp Hornpod

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Modiola caroliniana
Carolina Bristlemallow, Carolina Modiola

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Mollugo verticillata
Green Carpetweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Monanthochloe littoralis
Shoregrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Monarda citriodora
Lemon Beebalm, Purple Horsemint, Lemon Mint, Plains Horsemint, Lemon Horsemint, Horsemint, Purple Lemon Mint

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Monarda clinopodioides
Basil Beebalm

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Monarda fistulosa
Wild Bergamot, Beebalm

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Monarda lindheimeri
Lindheimer's Beebalm, Lindheimer Beebalm

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Monarda punctata
Spotted Beebalm, Spotted Horsemint, Horsemint

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Monarda punctata ssp. punctata var. lasiodonta
Spotted Beebalm

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Monarda russeliana
Redpurple Beebalm

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Monarda stanfieldii
Stanfield's Beebalm, Stanfield's Monarda

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Monarda viridissima
Green Beebalm

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Monolepis nuttalliana
Nuttall's Povertyweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Morella cerifera
Wax Myrtle , Southern Wax Myrtle, Southern Bayberry, Eastern Bayberry, Bayberry, Candleberry, Tallow Shrub

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Morus microphylla
Texas Mulberry, Littleleaf Mulberry, Mountain Mulberry, Mexican Mulberry, Dwarf Mulberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Morus rubra
Red Mulberry, Moral

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Muhlenbergia arenacea
Ear Muhly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Muhlenbergia arenicola
Sand Muhly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Muhlenbergia capillaris
Gulf Muhly, Hair-awn Muhly, Hairy-awn Muhly, Hair Grass, Pink Muhly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Muhlenbergia frondosa
Wirestem Muhly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Muhlenbergia lindheimeri
Lindheimer's Muhly, Lindheimer Muhly, Big Muhly, Blue Muhly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Muhlenbergia porteri
Bush Muhly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Muhlenbergia reverchonii
Seep Muhly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Muhlenbergia rigens
Deergrass, Meadow Muhly, Deer Muhly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Muhlenbergia schreberi
Nimblewill

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Muhlenbergia spiciformis
Longawn Muhly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Muhlenbergia utilis
Aparejo Grass, Aparejo Muhly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Myosotis macrosperma
Largeseed Forget-me-not

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Myosotis verna
Spring Forget-me-not

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Myriophyllum heterophyllum
Twoleaf Watermilfoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Myriophyllum pinnatum
Cutleaf Watermilfoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Najas guadalupensis
Common Water Nymph, Southern Water Nymph, Najas

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Nama hispidum
Sand Bells, Bristly Nama, Sand-bell

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Nama jamaicense
Jamaicanweed, Jamaican Weed, Fiddleleaf Nama

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Nassella leucotricha
Texas Wintergrass, Texas Speargrass, Wintergrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Neeragrostis reptans
Creeping Lovegrass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Nekemias arborea
Peppervine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Nelumbo lutea
American Lotus, Yellow Water Lotus, Yellow Lotus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Nemastylis geminiflora
Prairie Celestials, Celestials, Prairie Pleatleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Nemophila aphylla
Smallflower Baby Blue Eyes

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Nemophila phacelioides
Texas Baby Blue Eyes, Large-flower Baby-blue-eyes, Baby Blue-eyes, Flannel Breeches

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Nephrolepis exaltata
Boston Swordfern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light:
Water:

Nephrolepis exaltata ssp. exaltata
Boston Fern, Sword Fern, Wild Boston Fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light:
Water:

Neptunia lutea
Yellow Sensitive Briar, Yellow Puff

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Neptunia pubescens
Tropical Puff

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Nicotiana obtusifolia
Desert Tobacco, Little Tobacco, Tabaquillo, Punche

Duration: Annual, Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Nicotiana obtusifolia var. obtusifolia
Desert Tobacco, Little Tobacco, Tabaquillo, Punche

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Nicotiana repanda
Fiddleleaf Tobacco, Fiddle-leaf Tobacco

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Nolina lindheimeriana
Devil's Shoestring, Devil's-shoestring, Ribbon Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Nolina texana
Texas Sacahuista, Texas Beargrass, Basket Grass, Sacahuista, Bunchgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Nothoscordum bivalve
Crow Poison, Crowpoison, False Garlic

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Nuphar lutea
Yellow Pond Lily, Yellow Cow Lily, Cow Lily, Spatter Dock, Wakas

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Nuphar lutea ssp. advena
Common Spatterdock, Spatterdock, Yellow Cow-lily, Cow-lily, Yellow Pond-lily, Brandy-bottle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Nuttallanthus canadensis
Canada Toadflax, Blue Toadflax, Old-field Toadflax

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Nuttallanthus texanus
Texas Toadflax, Texas Toad-flax, Toadflax

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Nyctaginia capitata
Devil's Bouquet, Scarlet Muskflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Nymphaea elegans
Tropical Royalblue Waterlily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Nymphaea mexicana
Yellow Waterlily, Yellow Water-lily, Banana Lily, Banana Waterlily, Sun Lotus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Nymphaea odorata
American White Water-lily, Fragrant White Water-lily, Fragrant Water-lily, White Water-lily, Sweet-scented White Water-lily, Sweet-scented Water-lily, Beaver Root

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Nymphaea odorata ssp. odorata
American White Waterlily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Nyssa aquatica
Water Tupelo, Blackgum, Sourgum, Cotton Gum, Swamp Tupelo, Water Gum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Nyssa biflora
Swamp Tupelo, Swamp Blackgum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Nyssa sylvatica
Blackgum, Black Tupelo, Tupelo, Sourgum, Pepperidge, Tupelo Gum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Oenothera albicaulis
Whitest Evening-primrose, White-stem Evening-primrose, Pale Evening-primrose

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Oenothera brachycarpa
Short-fruit Evening-primrose, Shortfruit Evening-primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Oenothera cinerea
Woolly Beeblossom, High Plains Beeblossom, Woolly Gaura, High Plains Gaura

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Oenothera cinerea ssp. parksii
Parks' Beeblossom, Woolly Butterfly-weed, Parks Gaura

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Oenothera curtiflora
Velvetweed, Velvetleaf Gaura, Lizard-tail Gaura, Willow Gaura

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oenothera drummondii
Beach Evening-primrose, Beach Evening Primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Oenothera filiformis
Longflower Beeblossom, Longflower Gaura, Large-flowered Gaura, Kearney Gaura, Tall Gaura

Duration: Annual, Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oenothera grandis
Largeflower Eveningprimrose, Showy Evening-primrose, Showy Eveningprimrose

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oenothera heterophylla
Variable-leaf Evening-primrose

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oenothera jamesii
River Primrose, Trumpet Evening Primrose, Trumpet Evening-primrose

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Oenothera laciniata
Cutleaf Evening-primrose, Cut-leaved Evening Primrose

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Oenothera lindheimeri
White Gaura, Butterfly Gaura, Lindheimer's Beeblossom, Lindheimer's Gaura

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Oenothera linifolia
Threadleaf Evening-primrose

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oenothera macrocarpa
Bigfruit Evening-primrose, Missouri Evening-primrose, Fluttermill, Big-fruit Evening-primrose, Missouri Primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Oenothera macrocarpa ssp. macrocarpa
Bigfruit Evening-primrose, Fluttermill, Missouri Evening Primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Oenothera mexicana
Mexican Evening Primrose

Duration: Annual, Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oenothera pallida
Pale Evening-primrose

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Oenothera pallida ssp. runcinata
White Sands Evening Primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oenothera patriciae
Plains Beeblossom, Plains Gaura

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oenothera primiveris
Desert Evening-primrose, Yellow-flower Desert Evening-primrose, Bottle Evening-primrose

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Oenothera rhombipetala
Diamond Petal Primrose, Four-point Evening Primrose, Fourpoint Evening-primrose, Greater Four-point Evening-primrose

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Oenothera sinuosa
Wavyleaf Beeblossom, Wavyleaf Gaura

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oenothera spachiana
Spach's Evening-primrose

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oenothera speciosa
Pink Evening Primrose, Showy Evening Primrose, Mexican Evening Primrose, Showy Primrose, Pink Ladies, Buttercups, Pink Buttercups

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Oenothera suffrutescens
Scarlet Beeblossom, Scarlet Gaura

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Oenothera suffulta
Kisses, Wild Honeysuckle, Beeblossom, Roadside Gaura

Duration: Annual
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Oenothera tetraptera
Fourwing Evening Primrose

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oenothera triloba
Stemless Evening-primrose, Stemless Evening Primrose

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Oenothera villosa
Hairy Evening Primrose

Duration: Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oenothera villosa ssp. villosa
Hairy Evening-primrose

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oenothera xerogaura
Drummond's Beeblossom, Drummond's Gaura

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oldenlandia boscii
Bosc's Mille Graines

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oldenlandia uniflora
Clustered Mille Graines

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Oligoneuron nitidum
Shiny Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oligoneuron rigidum
Stiff Goldenrod, Hard-leaf Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Oligoneuron rigidum var. rigidum
Stiff Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Onoclea sensibilis
Sensitive Fern, Bead Fern, Sympathy Fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Onosmodium bejariense
Soft-hair Marbleseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Dry

Onosmodium bejariense var. bejariense
Soft-hair Marbleseed, False Gromwell

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Onosmodium bejariense var. occidentale
Western Marbleseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Onosmodium helleri
Heller's Marbleseed, Marble-seed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Ophioglossum crotalophoroides
Bulbous Adder's-tongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light:
Water:

Ophioglossum crotalophoroides var. crotalophoroides
Bulbous Adder's-tongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light:
Water:

Ophioglossum engelmannii
Limestone Adder's-tongue, Limestone Adderstongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light:
Water:

Ophioglossum vulgatum
Southern Adder's-tongue, Adder's-tongue, Adder's-tongue Fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light:
Water:

Oplismenus hirtellus
Basketgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Oplismenus hirtellus ssp. setarius
Basketgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Opuntia engelmannii
Cactus Apple, Prickly Pear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Opuntia engelmannii var. lindheimeri
Texas Prickly Pear, Lindheimer's Prickly Pear, Lindheimer Prickly Pear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Opuntia engelmannii var. linguiformis
Cactus Apple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light:
Water:

Opuntia humifusa
Low Prickly Pear, Smooth Prickly Pear, Devil's Tongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Opuntia macrocentra
Purple Pricklypear, Purple Prickly Pear, Long-spined Prickly Pear, Black Spine Prickly Pear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Opuntia macrorhiza
Bigroot Prickly Pear, Twist-spine Prickly Pear, Common Prickly Pear, Plains Prickly Pear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Opuntia phaeacantha
Tulip Prickly Pear, Brownspine Prickly Pear Cactus, Purple-fruited Prickly Pear, Brown-spined Prickly Pear, New Mexico Prickly Pear, Desert Prickly Pear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Orbexilum pedunculatum
Sampson's Snakeroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Orobanche fasciculata
Clustered Broomrape, Yellow Broomrape

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Orobanche ludoviciana
Louisiana Broomrape

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Orobanche ludoviciana ssp. multiflora
Manyflower Broomrape

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Osmorhiza longistylis
Longstyle Sweetroot, Aniseroot, Sweet-cicely, Wild Licorice

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Osmunda cinnamomea
Cinnamon Fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Osmunda cinnamomea var. cinnamomea
Cinnamon Fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light:
Water:

Osmunda regalis
Royal Fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Osmunda regalis var. spectabilis
Royal Fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Ostrya virginiana
Eastern Hop-hornbeam, American Hop-hornbeam, Woolly Hop-hornbean, Eastern Ironwood, Roughbark Ironwood, Ironwood, Deerwood, Leverwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Oxalis albicans
Radishroot Woodsorrel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Oxalis dillenii
Slender Yellow Wood Sorrel, Yellow Wood Sorrel, Yellow Woodsorrel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oxalis drummondii
Drummond's Wood-sorrel, Large-leaf Wood-sorrel, Drummond's Woodsorrel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Oxalis priceae
Tufted Yellow Woodsorrel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oxalis stricta
Common Yellow Oxalis, Yellow Wood-sorrel, Upright Yellow Wood-sorrel, Yellow Woodsorrel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Oxalis violacea
Violet Woodsorrel, Violet Wood-sorrel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Oxypolis filiformis
Water Cowbane

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oxypolis rigidior
Stiff Cowbane

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Oxytropis lambertii
Purple Locoweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Packera glabella
Butterweed, Cress-leaf Groundsel, Yellowtop

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Packera obovata
Golden Groundsel, Roundleaf Groundsel, Roundleaf Ragwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Packera plattensis
Prairie Groundsel, Prairie Ragwort

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Packera tampicana
Yellowtop, Great Plains Ragwort, Butterweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Packera tomentosa
Woolly Ragwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Palafoxia callosa
Small Palafox, Small Palafoxia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Palafoxia hookeriana
Sand Palafox, Showy Palafox, Hooker Palafoxia, Sand Palafoxia, Hooker's Palafoxia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Palafoxia reverchonii
Reverchon's Palafox

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Palafoxia rosea
Rosy Palafox, Rose Palafoxia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Palafoxia rosea var. macrolepis
Rosy Palafox

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Palafoxia sphacelata
Othake, Sand Palafoxia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Dry

Palafoxia texana
Texas Palafox

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Panicum anceps
Beaked Panicgrass , Beaked Panic Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Panicum brachyanthum
Prairie Panicgrass , Prairie Panic Grass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Panicum capillare
Witchgrass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Panicum dichotomiflorum
Fall Panicgrass, Fall Panic Grass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Panicum diffusum
West Indian Panicgrass, West Indian Panic Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Panicum hallii
Hall's Panicgrass, Hall's Panic Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Panicum hemitomon
Maidencane

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Panicum obtusum
Vine Mesquite

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Panicum rigidulum
Redtop Panicgrass, Redtop Panic Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Panicum rigidulum var. pubescens
Redtop Panicgrass, Redtop Panic Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Panicum verrucosum
Prairie Panicgrass, Prairie Panic Grass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Panicum virgatum
Switchgrass, Wand Panic Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Panicum virgatum var. virgatum
Switchgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Pappophorum bicolor
Pink Pappasgrass, Pink Pappusgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Pappophorum vaginatum
Whiplash Pappusgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Parietaria pensylvanica
Pennsylvania Pellitory, Pennsylvania Cucumber Plant

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Parkinsonia aculeata
Retama, Paloverde, Mexican Paloverde, Jerusalem Thorn, Horsebean, Lluvia De Oro

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Parkinsonia texana
Texas Paloverde, Border Paloverde, Retama China

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Parkinsonia texana var. texana
Palo-verde, Texas Palo-verde, Texas Paloverde

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Paronychia drummondii
Drummond's Nailwort

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Paronychia lindheimeri
Forked Nailwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Paronychia virginica
Whitlow-wort, Broom Nailwort, Yellow Nailwort, Park's Nailwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Parthenium confertum
Gray's Feverfew

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Parthenium incanum
Mariola

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Parthenocissus heptaphylla
Sevenleaf Creeper, Seven-leaf Creeper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Parthenocissus quinquefolia
Virginia Creeper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Parthenocissus vitacea
Hiedra Creeper, Woodbine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Pascopyrum smithii
Western Wheatgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Paspalidium geminatum
Egyptian Panicgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Paspalum dissectum
Mudbank Crowngrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Paspalum distichum
Knotgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Paspalum floridanum
Florida Paspalum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Paspalum langei
Rustyseed Paspalum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Paspalum monostachyum
Gulfdune Paspalum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Paspalum plicatulum
Brownseed Paspalum, Brownseed Paspale

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Paspalum praecox
Early Paspalum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Paspalum pubiflorum
Hairyseed Paspalum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Passiflora affinis
Bracted Passionflower, Passion Flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Passiflora foetida
Corona De Cristo, Fetid Passionflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Passiflora foetida var. gossypiifolia
Cottonleaf Passionflower, Corona De Cristo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Passiflora incarnata
Maypop, Purple Passionflower, Purple Passion Vine, Apricot Vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Passiflora lutea
Yellow Passionflower, Yellow Passion Vine, Yellow Passion-flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Passiflora tenuiloba
Bird Wing Passionflower, Birdwing Passionflower, Slender-lobe Passionflower, Spread Lobe Passionflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Pavonia lasiopetala
Rock Rose, Rose Pavonia, Rose Mallow, Pavonia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Paxistima myrsinites
Oregon Boxleaf, Myrtle Boxwood, Mountain Lover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Pectis angustifolia
Limoncillo, Lemonscent, Crownseed Pectis, Lemon-scented Pectis, Lemonscent Pectis, Lemonweed, Chinchweed, Fetid Marigold

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Pectis angustifolia var. fastigiata
Lemonscent

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pedicularis canadensis
Canadian Lousewort, Wood Betony

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water:

Pedicularis canadensis ssp. canadensis
Canadian Lousewort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Pediomelum cuspidatum
Indian-turnip, Largebract Indian Breadroot, Tall Scurfy Pea, Tall-bread Scurf-pea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pediomelum cyphocalyx
Turniproot, Wand Psoralea, Turnip-root Scurf-pea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pediomelum digitatum
Palmleaf Indian Breadroot, Palm-leaf Scurf-pea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pediomelum hypogaeum
Subterranean Indian Breadroot , Edible Scurf-pea, Prairie-potato, Pomme Blanche

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pediomelum hypogaeum var. scaposum
Subterranean Indian Breadroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pediomelum hypogaeum var. subulatum
Subterranean Indian Breadroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pediomelum latestipulatum
Texas Plains Indian Breadroot, Scurfpea, Scurf-pea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pediomelum latestipulatum var. appressum
Texas Plains Indian Breadroot, Scurfpea, Scurf-pea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pediomelum latestipulatum var. latestipulatum
Texas Plains Indian Breadroot, Scurfpea, Scurf-pea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pediomelum linearifolium
Narrowleaf Indian Breadroot, Narrow-leaf Scurf-pea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pediomelum rhombifolium
Gulf Indian Breadroot, Brown-flowered Psoralea, Round-leaf Scurf-pea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pellaea atropurpurea
Purple Cliffbrake

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light:
Water: Dry

Pellaea ovata
Ovateleaf Cliffbrake, Ovate-leaf Cliffbrake

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Sun
Water:

Pellaea wrightiana
Wright's Cliffbrake Fern, Wright's Cliffbrake

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light:
Water:

Peltandra virginica
Tuckahoe, Green Arrow Arum, Arrow Arum, Green Arum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Penstemon ambiguus
Pink Plains Penstemon, Pink Plains Beardtongue, Gilia Penstemon, Gilia Beardtongue, Sand Penstemon, Sand Beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Penstemon baccharifolius
Rock Penstemon, Rock Beardtongue, Cut-leaf Penstemon, Cut-leaf Beardtongue, Baccharis-leaf Penstemon, Baccharis-leaf Beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Penstemon cobaea
Prairie Penstemon, Prairie Beardtongue, Foxglove Penstemon, Foxglove Beardtongue, False Foxglove, Large-flowered Penstemon, Large-flowered Beardtongue, Cobaea Penstemon, Cobaea Beardtongue, Wild Foxglove

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Penstemon digitalis
Mississippi Penstemon, Mississippi Beardtongue, Smooth White Penstemon, Smooth White Beardtongue, Talus Slope Penstemon, Talus Slope Beardtongue, Foxglove Penstemon, Foxglove Beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Penstemon fendleri
Fendler's Penstemon, Fendler's Beardtongue, Fendler Penstemon, Fendler Beardtongue, Purple Foxglove

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Penstemon jamesii
James's Penstemon, James's Beardtongue, James Penstemon, James Beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Penstemon laxiflorus
Nodding Penstemon, Nodding Beardtongue, Loose-flowered Penstemon, Loose-flowered Beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Penstemon murrayanus
Scarlet Penstemon, Scarlet Beardtongue, Red Penstemon, Red Beardtongue, Cupleaf Penstemon, Cupleaf Beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Penstemon triflorus
Hill Country Penstemon, Hill Country Beardtongue, Scarlet Penstemon, Scarlet Beardtongue, Heller's Penstemon, Heller's Beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Penstemon triflorus ssp. integrifolius
Heller's Penstemon, Heller's Beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Penstemon triflorus ssp. triflorus
Heller's Penstemon, Heller's Beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Penstemon tubaeflorus
White Wand Penstemon, White Wand Beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Penthorum sedoides
Ditch Stonecrop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Perityle lindheimeri
Lindheimer's Rockdaisy, Rock Daisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Persea borbonia
Redbay, Red Bay, Sweet Bay, Silk Bay, Red Bay Persea, Laurel Tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Phacelia coerulea
Skyblue Phacelia, Baby Blue Phacelia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phacelia congesta
Caterpillars, Blue Curls, Fiddleneck

Duration: Annual, Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Phacelia crenulata
Cleft-leaf Wild Heliotrope, Notchleaf Phacelia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phacelia hirsuta
Fuzzy Phacelia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phacelia integrifolia
Gypsum Phacelia, Gyp Blue-curls

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Phacelia laxa
Coastal Phacelia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phacelia patuliflora
Sand Phacelia, Sand Scorpionweed, Blue Phacelia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Phacelia patuliflora var. patuliflora
Sand Phacelia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phacelia popei
Pope's Phacelia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phacelia rupestris
Rock Phacelia

Duration: Annual, Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phacelia strictiflora
Prairie Phacelia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phalaris caroliniana
Carolina Canarygrass, Maygrass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Phemeranthus aurantiacus
Orange Flameflower, Flameflower, Fameflower, Talinum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Phemeranthus calycinus
Largeflower Flameflower, Largeflower Fameflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Phemeranthus parviflorus
Sunbright, Dwarf Flameflower, Prairie Flameflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Philadelphus ernestii
Canyon Mock Orange, Canyon Mock-orange, Mock-orange

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Philadelphus inodorus
Scentless Mock Orange

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Philadelphus microphyllus
Littleleaf Mock Orange

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Philadelphus pubescens
Hoary Mock Orange

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Philadelphus texensis
Texas Mock Orange

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Phlox cuspidata
Pointed Phlox

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phlox drummondii
Annual Phlox, Drummond Phlox, Pride-of-Texas, Texas Pride

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Phlox drummondii ssp. drummondii
Annual Phlox

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phlox drummondii ssp. mcallisteri
Mcallister's Phlox, Drummond Phlox

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phlox drummondii ssp. wilcoxiana
Wilcox's Phlox, Drummond Phlox

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phlox nana
Santa Fe Phlox, White-eyed Phlox, Canyon Phlox

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phlox nivalis
Trailing Phlox

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Phlox pilosa
Downy Phlox, Prairie Phlox, Fragrant Phlox

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Phlox pilosa ssp. pilosa
Downy Phlox, Fragrant Phlox, Prairie Phlox

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Phlox roemeriana
Goldeneye Phlox, Golden-eye Phlox

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Phoradendron tomentosum
Christmas Mistletoe, Mistletoe, Injerto

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Phragmites australis
Common Reed, Phragmites

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Phryma leptostachya
American Lopseed, Lopseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Phyla cuneifolia
Wedgeleaf, Wedgeleaf Frogfruit, Wedgeleaf Fogfruit

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Phyla lanceolata
Lanceleaf Frogfruit, Lanceleaf Fogfruit

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phyla nodiflora
Texas Frogfruit, Turkey Tangle Fogfruit, Frogfruit

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Phyllanthus abnormis
Drummond's Leaf-flower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phyllanthus caroliniensis
Carolina Leaf-flower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phyllanthus polygonoides
Smartweed Leaf-flower, Knotweed Leafflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Physalis angulata
Cutleaf Groundcherry

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Physalis cinerascens
Smallflower Groundcherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Physalis cinerascens var. cinerascens
Smallflower Groundcherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Physalis hederifolia
Ivyleaf Groundcherry, Ivy-leaf Groundcherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Physalis heterophylla
Clammy Groundcherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Dry

Physalis longifolia
Longleaf Groundcherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Physalis mollis
Field Groundcherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Physalis pubescens
Downy Ground-cherry, Husk Tomato

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Physalis pumila
Dwarf Ground-cherry, Yellow Ground-cherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Physalis virginiana
Virginia Groundcherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Physostegia angustifolia
False Dragon-head, Narrowleaf False Dragonhead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Physostegia correllii
Correll's False Dragonhead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Physostegia digitalis
False Dragonhead, Finger False Dragonhead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Physostegia intermedia
Spring Obedient Plant, Marsh Obedient Plant, Slender False Dragonhead, Intermediate False Dragonhead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Physostegia pulchella
Beautiful False Dragon-head, Showy False Dragonhead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Physostegia virginiana
Fall Obedient Plant, False Dragonhead, Virginia Lions-heart

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Physostegia virginiana ssp. praemorsa
Fall Obedient Plant, False Dragonhead, Lionheart, Obedient Plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Phytolacca americana
American Pokeweed, Great Pokeweed, Pokeweed, Pokeberry, Red Ink Plant, Pigeonberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Pilostyles thurberi
Pilostyles, Thurber's Stemsucker

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pinaropappus roseus
White Rocklettuce, White Dandelion, Pink Dandelion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pinus echinata
Shortleaf Pine, Shortleaf Yellow Pine, Southern Yellow Pine, Yellow Pine, Shortstraw Pine, Arkansas Pine, Longtag Pine, Spruce Pine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Pinus elliottii
Slash Pine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Pinus taeda
Loblolly Pine, Oldfield Pine, Bull Pine, Rosemary Pine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Piptochaetium avenaceum
Blackseed Speargrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Pistia stratiotes
Water Lettuce

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pityopsis graminifolia
Narrowleaf Silkgrass, Golden Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Planera aquatica
Planer Tree, Water Elm

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Plantago aristata
Largebracted Plantain, Buckthorn

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Plantago elongata
Prairie Plantain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Plantago helleri
Heller's Plantain, Cedar Plantain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Plantago heterophylla
Slender Plantain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Plantago hookeriana
California Plantain, Tallow Weed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Plantago patagonica
Woolly Plantain, Bristle-bract Plantain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Plantago rhodosperma
Redseed Plantain, Red-seeded Plantain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Plantago virginica
Virginia Plantain, Paleseed Indian-wheat, Dwarf Plantain, Paleseed Plantain, Hoary Plantain, Southern Plantain

Duration: Annual, Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Plantago wrightiana
Wright's Plantain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Platanthera ciliaris
Orange Fringed Orchid, Yellow Fringed Orchid, Orange Plume, Bobwhite's-mocassin, Owl's-head

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Platanthera clavellata
Small Green Wood Orchid, Small Woodland Orchid

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Platanthera cristata
Crested Yellow Orchid, Orange Fringed Orchid

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Platanus occidentalis
American Sycamore, Eastern Sycamore, American Plane Tree, Plane Tree, Buttonwood, Buttonball Tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Pleopeltis polypodioides
Resurrection Fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern, Vine
Light:
Water:

Pleopeltis polypodioides ssp. michauxiana
Resurrection Fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light:
Water:

Pleuraphis jamesii
James' Galleta

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Pleuraphis mutica
Tobosagrass, Tobosa Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Pluchea camphorata
Camphor Pluchea, Camphor Weed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pluchea foetida
Stinking Camphorweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pluchea odorata
Sweetscent, Saltmarsh Fleabane

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Pluchea odorata var. odorata
Sweetscent, Marsh Fleabane, Southern Marsh Fleabane

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Poa arachnifera
Texas Bluegrass, Texas Blue Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Poa bigelovii
Bigelow's Bluegrass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Poa pratensis
Kentucky Bluegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Poa sylvestris
Woodland Bluegrass, Sylvan Bluegrass, Sylvan Speargrass, Old-pasture Bluegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Podophyllum peltatum
Mayapple, Indian Apple, Wild Mandrake, Pomme De Mai, Podophylle Pelt

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Pogonia ophioglossoides
Rose Pogonia, Snake-mouth Orchid, Beard Flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Polanisia dodecandra
Redwhisker Clammyweed, Clammyweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polanisia dodecandra ssp. trachysperma
Clammy-weed, Clammyweed, Sandyseed Clammyweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Polanisia erosa
Large Clammyweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polanisia erosa ssp. erosa
Large Clammyweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Poliomintha incana
Frosted Mint, Hoary Rosemary-mint, Mintbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Polygala alba
White Milkwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Polygala cruciata
Drumheads, Candy Root, Crossleaf Milkwort, Cross-leaved Milkwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polygala incarnata
Procession Flower, Pink Milkwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Polygala lindheimeri
Shrubby Milkwort, Purple Milkwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Polygala lindheimeri var. lindheimeri
Shrubby Milkwort, Purple Milkwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Polygala macradenia
Glandleaf Milkwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Polygala ovatifolia
Eggleaf Milkwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Polygala polygama
Racemed Milkwort, Pink Milkwort

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Polygala sanguinea
Purple Milkwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Polygala verticillata
Whorled Milkwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Polygonatum biflorum
Smooth Solomon's Seal, Great Solomon's-seal, Sealwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Polygonatum biflorum var. commutatum
Great Solomon's Seal, Giant Solomon's Seal

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polygonella americana
Southern Jointweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polygonella parksii
Parks' Jointweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Polygonum amphibium
Water Knotweed, Water Smartweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Polygonum amphibium var. emersum
Longroot Smartweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polygonum buxiforme
Box Knotweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polygonum glabrum
Denseflower Knotweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polygonum hydropiperoides
Swamp Smartweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Polygonum lapathifolium
Curlytop Knotweed, Curl-top Smartweed, Pale Smartweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polygonum pensylvanicum
Pennsylvania Smartweed, Pink Smartweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Polygonum punctatum
Dotted Smartweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Polygonum ramosissimum
Bushy Knotweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polygonum sagittatum
Arrowleaf Tearthumb

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun
Water:

Polygonum scandens
Climbing False Buckwheat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Polygonum scandens var. cristatum
Crested False Buckwheat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light:
Water:

Polygonum setaceum
Bog Smartweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polygonum tenue
Pleatleaf Knotweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polygonum virginianum
Jumpseed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polypremum procumbens
Juniper Leaf, Rustweed

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polystichum acrostichoides
Christmas Fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Polystichum acrostichoides var. acrostichoides
Christmas Fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light:
Water:

Polytaenia nuttallii
Nuttall's Prairie Parsley, Prairie Parsley, Wild Dill, Prairie Parsnip

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Polytaenia texana
Texas Prairie Parsley, Texas-parsley

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Pontederia cordata
Pickerelweed, Pickerel Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Populus deltoides
Eastern Cottonwood, Carolina Poplar, Necklace Poplar, Alamo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Populus deltoides ssp. deltoides
Eastern Cottonwood, Southern Cottonwood, Carolina Poplar, Eastern Poplar, Necklace Poplar, Alamo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Populus deltoides ssp. monilifera
Plains Cottonwood, Great Plains Cottonwood, Texas Cottonwood, Northern Cottonwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Populus deltoides ssp. wislizeni
Rio Grande Cottonwood, Valley Cottonwood, Wislizenus Cottonwood, Alamo, Guerigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Populus fremontii
Fremont Cottonwood, Western Cottonwood, Gila Cottonwood, Alamo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Populus fremontii ssp. mesetae
Fremont Cottonwood, Meseta Cottonwood, Arizona Cottonwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Portulaca halimoides
Silkcotton Purslane

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Portulaca pilosa
Kiss Me Quick, Chisme

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Portulaca umbraticola
Wingpod Purslane, Purslane

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Portulaca umbraticola ssp. umbraticola
Wingpod Purslane

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Potamogeton diversifolius
Waterthread Pondweed, Threadleaf Pondweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Potamogeton foliosus
Leafy Pondweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Potamogeton foliosus ssp. foliosus
Leafy Pondweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Potamogeton illinoensis
Illinois Pondweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Potamogeton nodosus
Knotty Pondweed, Longleaf Pondweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Potamogeton pusillus
Small Pondweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Potentilla simplex
Common Cinquefoil, Oldfield Cinquefoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Prenanthes barbata
Barbed Rattlesnake-root

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Proboscidea althaeifolia
Desert Unicorn-plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Proboscidea louisianica
Louisiana Devil's-claw, Devil's-claw, Ram's-horn, Unicorn Plant, Proboscis Flower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Proboscidea louisianica ssp. louisianica
Ram's Horn, Devil's Claw, Unicorn Plant, Ram's Horn

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Proboscidea parviflora
Doubleclaw

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Proserpinaca palustris
Marsh Mermaidweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Prosopis glandulosa
Honey Mesquite, Glandular Mesquite, Algarroba

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Prosopis glandulosa var. glandulosa
Honey Mesquite

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Prosopis reptans
Tornillo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub, Vine
Light:
Water:

Prunella vulgaris
Common Selfheal

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Prunus angustifolia
Chickasaw Plum, Sandhill Plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Prunus caroliniana
Carolina Cherry-laurel, Cherry-laurel, Laurel Cherry, Carolina Laurel Cherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Prunus gracilis
Oklahoma Plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Prunus mexicana
Mexican Plum, Bigtree Plum, Inch Plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Prunus minutiflora
Texas Almond, Texas Wild Almond, Dwarf Plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Prunus rivularis
River Plum, Creek Plum, Hog Plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Prunus serotina
Black Cherry, Wild Black Cherry, Rum Cherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Prunus serotina var. eximia
Escarpment Black Cherry, Edwards Plateau Black Cherry, Escarpment Cherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Prunus serotina var. serotina
Eastern Black Cherry, Black Cherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Prunus texana
Peachbush, Sand Plum, Peach Bush, Texas Plum, Texas Peach Bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Prunus umbellata
Flatwoods Plum, Hog Plum, Black Sloe

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water: Dry

Pseudognaphalium obtusifolium
Sweet Everlasting, Rabbit-tobacco, Fragrant Cudweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pseudognaphalium obtusifolium ssp. obtusifolium
Blunt-leaf Rabbit-tobacco, Rabbit Tobacco, Sweet Everlasting, Fragrant Cudweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Psilostrophe tagetina
Woolly Paperflower, Paperflower

Duration: Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Psilostrophe tagetina var. cerifera
Woolly Paperflower, Plains Paperflower, Hairy Paperflower

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Psoralidium tenuiflorum
Slimflower Scurfpea, Scurfy Pea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ptelea trifoliata
Wafer Ash, Common Hoptree, Hop Tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Ptelea trifoliata ssp. trifoliata
Baldwin Hop-tree, Common Hoptree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Pteridium aquilinum
Western Bracken Fern, Bracken Fern, Western Bracken, Bracken

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Pterocaulon virgatum
Wand Blackroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Ptilimnium capillaceum
Herbwilliam

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ptilimnium costatum
Ribbed Mock Bishopweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ptilimnium nuttallii
Laceflower, Mock Bishop's-weed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pycnanthemum albescens
Whiteleaf Mountain Mint

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Pycnanthemum muticum
Clustered Mountainmint

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pycnanthemum tenuifolium
Narrowleaf Mountain Mint, Slender Mountain Mint, Common Horsemint

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Pyrrhopappus carolinianus
Carolina Desert-chicory, Texas Dandelion, False Dandelion

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pyrrhopappus grandiflorus
Tuberous Desert-chicory

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pyrrhopappus pauciflorus
Smallflower Desert-chicory, Texas Dandelion, False Dandelion

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Quercus alba
White Oak, Northern White Oak, Eastern White Oak, Stave Oak, Ridge White Oak, Forked-leaf White Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Quercus arizonica
Arizona White Oak, Arizona Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus buckleyi
Texas Red Oak, Buckley Oak, Texas Oak, Spanish Oak, Spotted Oak, Rock Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus falcata
Southern Red Oak, Bottomland Red Oak, Three-lobed Red Oak, Spanish Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus fusiformis
Escarpment Live Oak, Plateau Live Oak, Hill Country Live Oak, Texas Live Oak, Scrub Live Oak, Plateau Oak, Encino Molino, Tesmoli

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus gambelii
Gambel Oak, Rocky Mountain White Oak, Utah White Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus grisea
Gray Oak, Scrub Oak, Shin Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus incana
Bluejack Oak, Sandjack Oak, Upland Willow Oak, Cinnamon Oak, Shin Oak, Turkey Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus laceyi
Lacey Oak, Texas Blue Oak, Canyon Oak, Smoky Oak, Rock Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus lyrata
Overcup Oak, Swamp Post Oak, Water White Oak, Swamp White Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus macrocarpa
Bur Oak, Burr Oak, Savanna Oak, Overcup Oak, Prairie Oak, Mossy-cup Oak, Mossy-overcup Oak, Blue Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Quercus margaretta
Sand Post Oak, Runner Oak, Drummond Post Oak, Dwarf Post Oak, Scrubby Post Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Quercus marilandica
Blackjack Oak, Barren Oak, Black Oak, Jack Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus michauxii
Swamp Chestnut Oak, Basket Oak, Cow Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Quercus muehlenbergii
Chinkapin Oak, Chinquapin Oak, Chestnut Oak, Yellow Chestnut Oak, Rock Chestnut Oak, Yellow Oak, Rock Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus nigra
Water Oak, Possum Oak, Duck Oak, Punk Oak, Spotted Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Quercus phellos
Willow Oak, Swamp Willow Oak, Pin Oak, Peach Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Quercus shumardii
Shumard Oak, Shumard's Oak, Shumard Red Oak, Southern Red Oak, Swamp Red Oak, Spotted Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Quercus sinuata
Bastard Oak, Durand Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Quercus sinuata var. breviloba
White Shin Oak, Bigelow Oak, Scaly-bark Oak, Limestone Durand Oak, Shortlobe Oak, Bastard Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus sinuata var. sinuata
Durand Oak, Durand White Oak, Bluff Oak, Bastard Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light:
Water:

Quercus stellata
Post Oak, Iron Oak, Cross Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus texana
Nuttall Oak, Texas Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Quercus turbinella
Shrub Live Oak, Sonoran Scrub Oak, Scrub Oak, Turbinella Oak, Turbinella, Encino

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Quercus velutina
Black Oak, Quercitron Oak, Yellow Oak, Smoothbark Oak, Yellowbark Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus virginiana
Coastal Live Oak, Southern Live Oak, Virginia Live Oak, Live Oak, Encino

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Quincula lobata
Purple Groundcherry, Chinese Lantern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ranunculus abortivus
Littleleaf Buttercup, Kidney-leaf Buttercup, Early Wood Buttercup

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Ranunculus fascicularis
Early Buttercup, Tufted Buttercup, Prairie Buttercup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water:

Ranunculus hispidus
Bristly Buttercup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Ranunculus hispidus var. nitidus
Bristly Buttercup, Buttercup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ranunculus laxicaulis
Mississippi Buttercup

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ranunculus macranthus
Large Buttercup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Ranunculus pusillus
Low Spearwort, Weakstem Buttercup

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ranunculus recurvatus
Blisterwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ranunculus sceleratus
Cursed Buttercup

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Ranunculus sceleratus var. sceleratus
Cursed Buttercup

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ratibida columnifera
Mexican Hat, Red-spike Mexican Hat, Upright Prairie Coneflower, Prairie Coneflower, Long-headed Coneflower, Thimbleflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Ratibida peduncularis
Naked Mexican Hat, Naked Prairie Coneflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Rayjacksonia phyllocephala
Camphor Daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rhexia mariana
Maryland Meadow Beauty, Pale Meadow Beauty

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Rhododon ciliatus
Texas Sandmint

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rhus aromatica
Fragrant Sumac, Aromatic Sumac, Lemon Sumac, Polecat Bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rhus aromatica var. aromatica
Fragrant Sumac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Rhus aromatica var. serotina
Fragrant Sumac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Rhus copallinum
Winged Sumac, Shining Sumac, Flameleaf Sumac, Mountain Sumac, Dwarf Sumac, Wing-rib Sumac, Black Sumac, Upland Sumac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Rhus glabra
Smooth Sumac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Rhus lanceolata
Prairie Flameleaf Sumac, Flameleaf Sumac, Prairie Sumac, Lance-leaf Sumac, Lance-leaved Sumac, Texas Sumac, Tree Sumac, Limestone Sumac, Prairie Shining Sumac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Rhus microphylla
Littleleaf Sumac, Desert Sumac, Correosa, Agritos

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Rhus trilobata
Skunkbush, Skunkbush Sumac, Fragrant Sumac, Aromatic Sumac, Scented Sumac, Ill-scented Sumac, Basketbush, Squawbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Rhus trilobata var. trilobata
Skunkbush Sumac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Rhus virens
Evergreen Sumac, Tobacco Sumac, Lambrisco, Lentrisco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Rhynchosia americana
American Snoutbean

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light:
Water:

Rhynchosia latifolia
Prairie Snoutbean

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Rhynchosia minima
Least Snoutbean

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Rhynchosia senna
Texas Snoutbean

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light:
Water:

Rhynchosia senna var. texana
Texas Snout-bean, Texas Snoutbean

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Rhynchosida physocalyx
Bladderpod Sida, Buffpetal, Beaked Sida

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rhynchospora caduca
Anglestem Beaksedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Rhynchospora capitellata
Brownish Beaksedge, Small-head Beaksedge, Point-beak Beaksedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Rhynchospora colorata
Whitetop Sedge, White-topped Sedge, Starrush Whitetop, Star Sedge, Star Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Rhynchospora corniculata
Shortbristle Horned Beaksedge, Horned Beakrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Rhynchospora globularis
Globe Beaksedge

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Rhynchospora glomerata
Clustered Beaksedge, Cluster Beak-rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Rhynchospora gracilenta
Slender Beaksedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Rhynchospora harveyi
Harvey's Beaksedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Rhynchospora inexpansa
Nodding Beaksedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Rhynchospora macrostachya
Tall Horned Beaksedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Rhynchospora nitens
Shortbeak Beaksedge

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Rhynchospora nivea
Showy Whitetop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Rhynchospora oligantha
Featherbristle Beaksedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Rhynchospora perplexa
Pineland Beaksedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Rhynchospora rariflora
Fewflower Beaksedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Rhynchospora recognita
Globe Beaksedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Richardia brasiliensis
Tropical Mexican Clover, Brazil Pusley

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Richardia tricocca
Prairie Mexican Clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rivina humilis
Pigeonberry, Rouge Plant, Baby-peppers, Bloodberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Robinia hispida
Bristly Locust, Standing Sweet Pea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Robinia pseudoacacia
Black Locust

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Rorippa palustris
Bog Yellowcress

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rorippa teres
Southern Marsh Yellowcress

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rosa carolina
Carolina Rose, Pasture Rose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Rosa carolina var. carolina
Carolina Rose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rosa foliolosa
White Prairie Rose, Leafy Rose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Rosa setigera
Climbing Prairie Rose, Climbing Rose, Prairie Rose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rotala ramosior
Lowland Rotala

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Rubus aboriginum
Garden Dewberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub, Vine
Light:
Water:

Rubus argutus
Sawtooth Blackberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Rubus flagellaris
Northern Dewberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Rubus trivialis
Southern Dewberry, Dewberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rudbeckia grandiflora
Rough Coneflower, Tall Coneflower, Largeflower Coneflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Rudbeckia hirta
Black-eyed Susan, Common Black-eyed Susan, Brown-eyed Susan, Blackeyed Susan

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Rudbeckia hirta var. pulcherrima
Black-eyed Susan, Blackeyed Susan, Brown-eyed Susan, Pinewoods Coneflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Rudbeckia maxima
Giant Coneflower, Great Coneflower, Giant Brown-eyed Susan, Cabbage Coneflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Rudbeckia triloba
Browneyed Susan, Brown-eyed-susan, Thin-leaved Coneflower, Three-lobed Rudbeckia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Ruellia caroliniensis
Carolina Wild Petunia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ruellia drummondiana
Drummond's Ruellia, Drummond's Wild Petunia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ruellia humilis
Prairie Petunia, Fringeleaf Wild Petunia, Hairy Ruellia, Low Wild Petunia, Low Ruellia, Fringeleaf Ruellia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ruellia metziae
White Ruellia, Metz's Wild Petunia, Metz Wild Petunia, Wild White Petunia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Ruellia nudiflora
Violet Ruellia, Common Wild Petunia, Violet Wild Petunia, Wild Petunia, Hierba De La Calentura

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Ruellia nudiflora var. nudiflora
Violet Wild Petunia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ruellia nudiflora var. runyonii
Runyon's Wild Petunia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Ruellia occidentalis
Western Wild Petunia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Ruellia pedunculata
Stalked Wild Petunia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ruellia strepens
Limestone Ruellia, Limestone Wild Petunia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rumex altissimus
Pale Dock

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rumex chrysocarpus
Amamastla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rumex hastatulus
Heart-wing Sorrel, Heartwing Sorrel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rumex hymenosepalus
Canaigre Dock, Canaigre, Desert Rhubarb

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rumex maritimus
Golden Dock

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Rumex spiralis
Winged Dock

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rumex verticillatus
Swamp Dock

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sabal minor
Dwarf Palmetto, Bush Palmetto, Palmetto

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sabatia angularis
Rosepink, Rose-pink

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Sabatia arenicola
Sand Rose Gentian

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Sabatia campestris
Texas Star, Rose Gentian, Meadow Pink, Prairie Rose-gentian, Prairie Sabatia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Saccharum giganteum
Sugarcane Plumegrass, Giant Plumegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Sacciolepis striata
American Cupscale

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Sagina decumbens
Trailing Pearlwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sagina decumbens ssp. decumbens
Trailing Pearlwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sagittaria calycina
Hooded Arrowhead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sagittaria graminea
Grassy Arrowhead, Grass-leaf Arrowhead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sagittaria graminea var. graminea
Grassy Arrowhead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sagittaria lancifolia
Lanceleaf Arrowhead, Duck-potato, Bulltongue Arrowhead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Sagittaria lancifolia ssp. media
Bulltongue Arrowhead, Scythe-fruit Arrowhead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Sagittaria latifolia
Broadleaf Arrowhead, Arrowhead, Duckroot, Duck-potato, Wapato

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Sagittaria longiloba
Longbarb Arrowhead, Flecha De Agua, Long-lobe Arrowhead, Long-barb Arrowhead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Sagittaria papillosa
Nipplebract Arrowhead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sagittaria platyphylla
Delta Arrowhead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Salicornia bigelovii
Dwarf Saltwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Salix amygdaloides
Peachleaf Willow, Peach-leaf Willow, Almond-leaf Willow, Almond Willow, Peach Willow, Southwestern Peach Willow, Wright Willow, Wright Peachleaf Willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Salix exigua
Coyote Willow, Narrow-leaf Willow, Narrowleaf Willow, Sandbar Willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Salix gooddingii
Goodding's Willow, San Joaquin Willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Salix nigra
Black Willow, Gulf Black Willow, Swamp Willow, Sauz

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Salvia azurea
Pitcher Sage, Big Blue Sage, Azure Sage, Giant Blue Sage, Blue Sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Salvia azurea var. grandiflora
Pitcher Sage, Blue Sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Salvia ballotiflora
Shrubby Blue Sage, Blue Shrub Sage, Mejorana

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Salvia coccinea
Scarlet Sage, Tropical Sage, Blood Sage, Red Sage, Indian Fire

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Salvia engelmannii
Engelmann's Sage, Engelmann's Salvia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Salvia farinacea
Mealy Blue Sage, Mealy Sage, Mealycup Sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Salvia greggii
Autumn Sage, Cherry Sage, Gregg Salvia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Salvia henryi
Crimson Sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Salvia lyrata
Lyreleaf Sage, Cancer Weed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Salvia pinguifolia
Rock Sage, Greaseleaf Salvia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub, Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Salvia reflexa
Lanceleaf Sage

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Salvia roemeriana
Cedar Sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Salvia texana
Texas Sage, Blue Sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Sambucus nigra
Black Elderberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light:
Water:

Sambucus nigra ssp. canadensis
Common Elderberry, Black Elder, Mexican Elderberry, Common Elder, Elderberry, Tapiro, Sauco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Samolus ebracteatus
Limewater Brookweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Samolus ebracteatus ssp. cuneatus
Limerock Brookweed, Limewater Brookweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Samolus valerandi
Seaside Brookweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Samolus valerandi ssp. parviflorus
Seaside Brookweed, Water Pimpernel, Thin-leaf Brookweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Sanicula canadensis
Canadian Blacksnakeroot, Black Snakeroot

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sanicula odorata
Clustered Blacksnakeroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sapindus saponaria
Wingleaf Soapberry, Soapberry, Wild China Tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Sapindus saponaria var. drummondii
Western Soapberry, Soapberry, Wild China Tree, Wild Chinaberry, Indian Soap Plant, Jaboncillo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sarracenia alata
Yellow Trumpets, Yellow Pitcher Plant, Yellow Trumpet, Flycatcher, Trumpet Pitcher Plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Wet

Sassafras albidum
Sassafras, White Sassafras, Ague Tree, Cinnamon Wood, Mitten Tree, Saloop, Smelling Stick

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Saururus cernuus
Lizard's Tail, Lizard Tail, Breastweed, Water Dragon

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Schaefferia cuneifolia
Desert Yaupon

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Schedonnardus paniculatus
Tumblegrass, Tumble Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Schizachyrium scoparium
Little Bluestem, Popotillo Azul

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Schoenocaulon drummondii
Green Feathershank, Green Lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Schoenocaulon texanum
Green Lily, Texas Feathershank, Texas Sabadilla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Schoenolirion croceum
Yellow Sunnybell, Yellow Sunny-bell

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Schoenoplectus acutus
Hardstem Bulrush, Tule

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Schoenoplectus americanus
Chairmaker's Bulrush, Olney Three-square

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Schoenoplectus californicus
California Bulrush, California Club-rush, Giant Bulrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Schoenoplectus pungens
Common Threesquare, Chairmaker's-rush, American Bulrush, Threesquare Bulrush, Sharp Clubrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani
Softstem Bulrush, Soft-stem Club-rush, Great Bulrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Scirpus atrovirens
Green Bulrush, Dark Green Bulrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Scirpus cyperinus
Woolgrass, Cottongrass Bulrush, Marsh Bulrush, Teddybear Paws

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Scirpus georgianus
Georgia Bulrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Scirpus pendulus
Rufous Bulrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Scleria ciliata
Fringed Nutrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Scleria oligantha
Littlehead Nutrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Scleria reticularis
Netted Nutrush

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Scleria triglomerata
Whip Nutrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Sclerocarpus uniserialis
Mexican Bonebract

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sclerocarpus uniserialis var. uniserialis
Mexican Bonebract

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Scleropogon brevifolius
Burrograss

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Scoparia dulcis
Licorice Weed, Bitterbroom, Riceweed, Sweetbroom, Licoriceweed

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Scrophularia marilandica
Carpenter's Square, Maryland Figwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Scutellaria cardiophylla
Gulf Skullcap

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Scutellaria drummondii
Drummond's Skullcap

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Scutellaria drummondii var. drummondii
Drummond's Skullcap

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Scutellaria drummondii var. edwardsiana
Drummond's Skullcap

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Scutellaria elliptica
Hairy Skullcap

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Scutellaria elliptica var. hirsuta
Hairy Skullcap

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Scutellaria integrifolia
Helmet-flower, Rough Skullcap, Common Large Skullcap, Tall Skullcap

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Scutellaria lateriflora
Blue Skullcap

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Scutellaria ovata
Heartleaf Skullcap, Heart-leaf Skullcap

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Scutellaria ovata ssp. mexicana
Heartleaf Skullcap

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Scutellaria parvula
Small Skullcap

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Scutellaria resinosa
Resin-dot Skullcap, Resinous Skullcap, Shrubby Skullcap, Sticky Skullcap

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Scutellaria wrightii
Wright's Skullcap, Bushy Skullcap, Shrubby Skullcap

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sedum nuttallianum
Yellow Stonecrop

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Sedum pulchellum
Widowscross

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Wet

Selaginella apoda
Meadow Spikemoss

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Selaginella arenicola ssp. riddellii
Riddell's Spikemoss

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Senecio ampullaceus
Texas Ragwort, Texas Groundsel, Texas Butterweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Senegalia berlandieri
Guajillo, Berlandier Acacia, Berlandier's Acacia, Round-flowered Catclaw, Roundflower Catclaw, Mimosa Catclaw, Thornless Catclaw, Huajilla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Senegalia roemeriana
Roemer Acacia, Roemer's Acacia, Roundflower Catclaw, Round-flowered Catclaw, Catclaw Acacia, Catclaw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Senegalia wrightii
Wright Acacia, Wright's Acacia, Catclaw Acacia, Catclaw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Senna lindheimeriana
Lindheimer's Senna, Velvet Leaf Senna, Velvetleaf Senna, Velvet-leaf Wild Sensitive-plant, Puppy-dog Ears

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Senna marilandica
Maryland Senna, Maryland Wild Senna, Southern Wild Senna, Wild Senna

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Senna obtusifolia
Java-bean, Sicklepod

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Senna pumilio
Dwarf Senna

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Senna roemeriana
Twoleaf Senna, Two Leaved Senna

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Sesbania drummondii
Rattlebush, Rattlebox, Poisonbean

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Sesbania herbacea
Coffeeweed, Bigpod Sesbania

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Sesbania vesicaria
Bagpod, Bladderpod

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Setaria grisebachii
Grisebach's Bristlegrass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Setaria leucopila
Streambed Bristlegrass, Plains Bristlegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Setaria magna
Giant Bristlegrass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Setaria parviflora
Marsh Bristlegrass, Knotroot Bristlegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Setaria reverchonii
Reverchon's Bristlegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Setaria scheelei
Southwestern Bristlegrass, Scheele's Bristlegrass, Scheele's Foxtail Grass, Foxtail Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Setaria texana
Texas Bristlegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Seymeria texana
Texas Blacksenna

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sibara virginica
Virginia Winged Rockcress

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sicyos angulatus
One-seed Burr Cucumber, Star Cucumber

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Sida ciliaris
Bracted Fanpetals, Bracted Sida

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sida lindheimeri
Lindheimer's Sida, Showy Fanpetals

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sida rhombifolia
Cuban Jute

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Sida spinosa
Prickly Fanpetals

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Sideroxylon lanuginosum
Gum Bumelia, Gum Bully, Woollybucket Bumelia, Woolly Bumelia, Gum Woollybucket, Woolly Buckthorn, Chittamwood, Shittamwood, Gum Elastic, Coma, Black Haw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Sideroxylon lanuginosum ssp. rigidum
Gum Bully, Brazos Bumelia, Black Haw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Silene antirrhina
Sleepy Silene, Sleepy Catchfly

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Silene stellata
Widow's Frill, Starry Campion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Silphium albiflorum
White Rosinweed, White-flowered Rosinweed, Compass Plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Silphium gracile
Slender Rosinweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Silphium laciniatum
Compassplant, Compass Plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Silphium radula
Roughstem Rosinweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Simsia calva
Awnless Bush Sunflower, Bush Sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Sisyrinchium albidum
White Blue-eyed Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sisyrinchium angustifolium
Narrowleaf Blue-eyed Grass, Narrow-leaf Blue-eyed-grass, Bermuda Blue-eyed Grass, Blue-eyed Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Sisyrinchium atlanticum
Eastern Blue-eyed Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Sisyrinchium biforme
Wiry Blue-eyed Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sisyrinchium campestre
Prairie Blue-eyed Grass, White-eyed Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Sisyrinchium chilense
Sword-leaf Blue-eyed Grass, Swordleaf Blue-eyed Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sisyrinchium langloisii
Roadside Blue-eyed Grass, Dotted Blue-eyed Grass, Southern Blue-eyed Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Sisyrinchium minus
Dwarf Blue-eyed-grass, Pink-eyed-grass, Pink Blue-eyed-grass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sisyrinchium rosulatum
Annual Blue-eyed Grass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sisyrinchium sagittiferum
Spearbract Blue-eyed Grass, Blue-eyed Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Sium suave
Hemlock Waterparsnip, Water Parsnip

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Wet, Moist

Smallanthus uvedalius
Hairy Leafcup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Smilax bona-nox
Sawbriar, Saw Greenbriar, Catbriar, Bullbriar, Stretchberry Vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Smilax glauca
Cat Greenbriar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Vine
Light:
Water:

Smilax renifolia
Kidney-leaf Greenbriar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Smilax rotundifolia
Roundleaf Greenbriar, Common Greenbriar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Smilax smallii
Lance-leaf Greenbriar, Southern Smilax, Jacksonvine, Jacksonbriar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Smilax tamnoides
Bristly Greenbriar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Solanum carolinense
Carolina Horsenettle, Carolina Horse-nettle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solanum citrullifolium
Watermelon Nightshade, Melonleaf Nightshade

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solanum dimidiatum
Western Horsenettle, Western Horse-nettle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solanum douglasii
Greenspot Nightshade

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Solanum elaeagnifolium
Silverleaf Nightshade, Silver-leaf Nightshade, White Horse Nettle, Trompillo, Tomato Weed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Solanum rostratum
Buffalo Bur, Buffalo Bur Nightshade

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Solanum triquetrum
Texas Nightshade, Hierba Mora

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago altissima
Tall Goldenrod, Late Goldenrod, Canadian Goldenrod, Canada Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Solidago canadensis
Canada Goldenrod, Canadian Goldenrod, Tall Goldenrod, Giant Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Solidago gigantea
Giant Goldenrod, Smooth Goldenrod, Tall Goldenrod, Late Goldenrod, Early Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Solidago juliae
Julia's Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago missouriensis
Missouri Goldenrod, Prairie Goldenrod, Missouri Basin Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Solidago nemoralis
Gray Goldenrod, Prairie Goldenrod, Oldfield Goldenrod, Grayleaf Goldenrod, Gray-leaved Goldenrod, Dyersweed Goldenrod, Dwarf Goldenrod, Field Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Solidago odora
Anisescented Goldenrod, Anise-scented Goldenrod, Sweet Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Solidago odora var. odora
Anisescented Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago petiolaris
Downy Ragged Goldenrod, Downy Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago radula
Western Rough Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago rugosa
Wrinkleleaf Goldenrod, Wrinkle-leaf Goldenrod, Rough-leaved Goldenrod, Roughleaf Goldenrod, Rough-stemmed Goldenrod, Roughstem Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Solidago sempervirens
Seaside Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Solidago sempervirens var. mexicana
Seaside Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago speciosa
Showy Goldenrod, Noble Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Solidago tortifolia
Twistleaf Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago ulmifolia
Elmleaf Goldenrod, Elm-leaved Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Sophora secundiflora
Texas Mountain Laurel, Mountain Laurel, Mescal Bean, Mescal Bean Sophora, Frijolillo, Frijolito

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sorghastrum elliottii
Slender Indiangrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Sorghastrum nutans
Indiangrass, Yellow Indiangrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sparganium americanum
American Bur-reed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Spartina pectinata
Prairie Cordgrass, Freshwater Cordgrass, Sloughgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Spartina spartinae
Gulf Cordgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Spergularia salina
Salt Sandspurry

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Spermolepis divaricata
Roughfruit Scaleseed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Spermolepis echinata
Bristly Scaleseed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Spermolepis inermis
Red River Scaleseed, Spreading Scaleseed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sphaeralcea angustifolia
Narrowleaf Globemallow, Copper Globemallow, Copper Mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Sphaeralcea coccinea
Scarlet Globemallow, Caliche Globemallow

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Sphaeralcea fendleri
Fendler's Globemallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Sphaeralcea hastulata
Spear Globemallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Sphaeralcea incana
Gray Globemallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sphaeralcea lindheimeri
Woolly Globemallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sphenopholis obtusata
Prairie Wedgescale

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Spigelia hedyotidea
Prairie Pinkroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Spigelia marilandica
Woodland Pinkroot, Pinkroot, Indian Pink

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Spigelia texana
Texas Pinkroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Spiranthes cernua
Nodding Ladies'-tresses, Ladies'-tresses, Nodding Lady's Tresses

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Spiranthes lacera
Northern Slender Ladies'-tresses, Slender Ladies'-tresses, Slender Lady's Tresses

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Spiranthes lacera var. gracilis
Southern Slender Ladies'-tresses, Slender Ladies'-tresses, Slender Lady's Tresses

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Spiranthes magnicamporum
Great Plains Ladies'-tresses, Great Plains Lady's Tresses

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Spiranthes odorata
Marsh Ladies'-tresses, Fragrant Ladies'-tresses, Marsh Lady's Tresses

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Spiranthes ovalis
October Ladies'-tresses, October Lady's Tresses

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Spiranthes parksii
Navasota Lady's Tresses , Navasota Ladies'-tresses

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Spiranthes tuberosa
Little Ladies'-tresses, Little Lady's Tresses

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Spiranthes vernalis
Spring Ladies'-tresses, Spring Lady's Tresses

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Spirodela polyrrhiza
Common Duckmeat, Giant Duckweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sporobolus airoides
Alkali Sacaton, Zacate Alcalino

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Sporobolus clandestinus
Rough Dropseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Sporobolus compositus
Composite Dropseed, Tall Dropseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Sporobolus compositus var. compositus
Composite Dropseed, Tall Dropseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Sporobolus cryptandrus
Sand Dropseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Sporobolus giganteus
Giant Dropseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Sporobolus junceus
Pineywoods Dropseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Sporobolus pyramidatus
Whorled Dropseed, Target Dropseed, Madagascar Dropseed

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Sporobolus silveanus
Silveus' Dropseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Sporobolus vaginiflorus
Poverty Dropseed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Stachys crenata
Mousesear, Shade Betony

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Stachys drummondii
Drummond's Hedgenettle, Pink Mint

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Stachys tenuifolia
Smooth Hedgenettle, Slender Betony

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Steinchisma hians
Gaping Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Stellaria prostrata
Prostrate Starwort, Prostrate Chickweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Stenaria nigricans
Bluets, Diamond-flowers

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Stenaria nigricans var. nigricans
Diamondflowers, Narrowleaf Bluets, Baby's Breath, Bluets, Fine-leaf Bluets

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Stenosiphon linifolius
False Gaura

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Stillingia sylvatica
Queen's-delight

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Stillingia texana
Texas Queen's Delight, Queen's Delight, Texas Toothleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Streptanthus bracteatus
Bracted Twistflower, Bracted Jewelflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Strophostyles helvola
Trailing Fuzzybean, Amberique-bean, Trailing Wild Bean

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun
Water:

Strophostyles leiosperma
Slickseed Fuzzybean

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Strophostyles umbellata
Pink Fuzzybean

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Stuckenia pectinata
Sago Pondweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Stylisma humistrata
Southern Dawnflower, White Stylisma

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Stylisma pickeringii
Pickering's Dawnflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Stylisma pickeringii var. pattersonii
Patterson's Dawnflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light:
Water:

Stylisma villosa
Hairy Dawnflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Stylosanthes biflora
Sidebeak Pencilflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Styphnolobium affine
Eve's Necklace, Eve's Necklacepod, Texas Sophora, Pink Sophora, Necklace Tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Styrax platanifolius
Sycamore-leaf Snowbell

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Styrax platanifolius ssp. platanifolius
Sycamoreleaf Snowbell

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light:
Water:

Styrax platanifolius ssp. stellatus
Hairy Sycamore-leaf Snow-bell, Sycamoreleaf Snowbell

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Symphoricarpos orbiculatus
Coralberry, Indian Currant, Buckbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Symphyotrichum divaricatum
Southern Annual Saltmarsh Aster, Lawn American-aster, White Wood Aster, Saltmarsh Aster, Slender Aster

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Symphyotrichum drummondii
Drummond's Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Symphyotrichum drummondii var. texanum
Drummond's Aster, Texas Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Symphyotrichum dumosum
Rice Button Aster, White Bushy Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Symphyotrichum ericoides
White Heath Aster, Heath Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Symphyotrichum ericoides var. ericoides
White Heath Aster, Heath Aster, White Aster, White Prairie Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Symphyotrichum falcatum
White Prairie Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Symphyotrichum lanceolatum
Whitepanicle Aster, Panicled Aster, Lanceleaf Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Symphyotrichum lanceolatum ssp. lanceolatum
White Panicle Aster, Panicled Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Symphyotrichum lateriflorum
Calico Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Symphyotrichum oblongifolium
Aromatic Aster, Aromatic American Aster, Fall Aster, Wild Blue Aster, Shale Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Symphyotrichum oolentangiense
Skyblue Aster, Sky Blue American-aster, Azure Aster, Blue Devils

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Symphyotrichum patens
Late Purple Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Symphyotrichum patens var. patens
Spreading Aster, Late Purple Aster, Spread-leaf Aster, Sky-drop Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water:

Symphyotrichum praealtum
Willowleaf Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Symphyotrichum praealtum var. praealtum
Tall Aster, Willowleaf Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Symphyotrichum pratense
Barrens Silky Aster, Meadow Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Symphyotrichum puniceum
Purplestem Aster, Purple-stemmed Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Symphyotrichum racemosum
Small-flower White Aster, Smooth White Oldfield Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Symphyotrichum sericeum
Western Silver Aster, Western Silver American-aster, Silky Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Symplocos tinctoria
Horse Sugar, Common Sweetleaf, Sweetleaf, Yellowwood, Wild Laurel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Taenidia integerrima
Yellow Pimpernel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tauschia texana
Texas Umbrellawort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Taxodium distichum
Bald Cypress, Baldcypress, Common Bald Cypress, Southern Bald Cypress, Deciduous Cypress, Southern Cypress, Swamp Cypress, Red Cypress, White Cypress, Yellow Cypress, Gulf Cypress, Tidewater Red Cypress

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Tecoma stans
Yellow Bells, Yellowbells, Esperanza, Yellow Trumpetbush, Yellow Trumpetflower, Trumpetbush, Trumpetflower, Yellow Elder, Hardy Yellow Trumpet, Yellow Trumpet Bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Tephrosia lindheimeri
Lindheimer's Hoarypea, Hoary Pea, Lindheimer Tephrosia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Tephrosia onobrychoides
Multibloom Hoarypea, Multibloom Tephrosia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tephrosia potosina
Edwards Plateau Hoarypea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Tephrosia virginiana
Goat's Rue, Virginia Tephrosia, Devil's Shoestring

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Tetraclea coulteri
Coulter's Wrinklefruit

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Tetragonotheca ludoviciana
Louisiana Nerveray

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tetragonotheca repanda
Showy Nerveray

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tetragonotheca texana
Squarebud Daisy, Nerve-ray, Square-bud Daisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Tetraneuris linearifolia
Fineleaf Fournerved Daisy, Slender-leaf Hymenoxys, Bitterweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tetraneuris scaposa
Four-nerve Daisy, Hymenoxys, Stemmy Four-nerve Daisy, Yellow Daisy, Bitterweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Tetraneuris scaposa var. scaposa
Four-nerve Daisy, Hymenoxys, Stemmy Four-nerve Daisy, Bitterweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Teucrium canadense
Canada Germander, American Germander, Canadian Germander, Germander, Hairy Germander, Wood Sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Teucrium cubense
Coast Germander, Small Coastal Germander

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Teucrium laciniatum
Lacy Germander, Cut-leaf Germander, Dwarf Germander

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Thalia dealbata
Powdery Alligator-flag, Powdery Thalia, Water Canna

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Thalictrum dasycarpum
Purple Meadow-rue, Tall Meadow-rue, Meadow Rue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Thalictrum revolutum
Waxyleaf Meadow-rue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Thalictrum texanum
Houston Meadow-rue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Thamnosma texana
Texas Desert-rue, Dutchman's Breeches, Rue Of The Mountains, Ruda Del Monte

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Thelesperma ambiguum
Colorado Greenthread

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Thelesperma burridgeanum
Burridge Green-thread, Burridge's Greenthread

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Thelesperma filifolium
Stiff Greenthread, Greenthread

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Thelesperma filifolium var. filifolium
Stiff Greenthread, Showy Navajo Tea, Greenthread

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Thelesperma flavodiscum
East Texas Greenthread, Greenthread

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Thelesperma simplicifolium
Slender Greenthread, Navajo Tea, Cota

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Thelocactus setispinus
Miniature Barrel Cactus, Hedgehog Cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Thelypteris kunthii
Wood Fern, River Fern, Southern Shield Fern, Kunth's Maiden Fern, Normal Shield Fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Thelypteris ovata var. lindheimeri
Lindheimer's Marsh Fern, Lindheimer's Maiden Fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light:
Water:

Thelypteris palustris
Eastern Marsh Fern, Marsh Fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Thelypteris palustris var. pubescens
Eastern Marsh Fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Thurovia triflora
Threeflower Snakeweed

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Thymophylla pentachaeta
Parralena, Fiveneedle Pricklyleaf, Five-needle Fetid Marigold

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Thymophylla pentachaeta var. pentachaeta
Parralena, Fiveneedle Pricklyleaf, Dogweed, Dyssodia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Thymophylla tenuiloba
Bristleleaf Pricklyleaf

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Thymophylla tenuiloba var. tenuiloba
Bristleleaf Pricklyleaf

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Thymophylla tenuiloba var. wrightii
Wright's Pricklyleaf

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tidestromia lanuginosa
Woolly Tidestromia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tilia americana
American Basswood, American Linden, Lime Tree, Bee Tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Tilia americana var. caroliniana
Carolina Basswood, Florida Basswood, Small-leaved Basswood, Downy Basswood, Carolina Linden, Florida Linden, Small-leaved Linden, Downy Linden

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Tillandsia recurvata
Small Ball Moss, Ball Moss

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tillandsia usneoides
Spanish Moss

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water:

Tinantia anomala
False Dayflower, Widows Tears

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Townsendia exscapa
Stemless Townsend Daisy, Stemless Townsend-daisy, Easter Daisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Toxicodendron pubescens
Atlantic Poison Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Toxicodendron radicans
Eastern Poison Ivy, Poison Ivy, Poison Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Vine
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Toxicodendron radicans ssp. radicans
Eastern Poison Ivy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Trachelospermum difforme
Climbing Dogbane

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Tradescantia edwardsiana
Plateau Spiderwort, Edwards' Spiderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Tradescantia gigantea
Giant Spiderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Tradescantia hirsutiflora
Hairyflower Spiderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Tradescantia humilis
Texas Spiderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tradescantia occidentalis
Prairie Spiderwort, Western Spiderwort, Spiderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Tradescantia ohiensis
Ohio Spiderwort, Bluejacket

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Tradescantia reverchonii
Reverchon's Spiderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tradescantia subacaulis
Stemless Spiderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Tragia betonicifolia
Betonyleaf Noseburn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tragia brevispica
Shortspike Noseburn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Tragia nigricans
Dark Noseburn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tragia ramosa
Branched Noseburn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tragia urticifolia
Nettleleaf Noseburn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light:
Water:

Trepocarpus aethusae
Whitenymph

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Triadenum virginicum
Virginia Marsh St. Johnswort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Triadenum walteri
Greater Marsh St. Johnswort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Trichloris crinita
Two-flowered Trichloris, False Rhodes Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Trichloris pluriflora
Multi-flowered False-rhodesgrass, Multiflower False Rhodes Grass, Showy Chloris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Trichoneura elegans
Silveus Grass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Trichostema brachiatum
Fluxweed, False Pennyroyal

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Trichostema dichotomum
Forked Bluecurls, Blue Curls

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Tridens albescens
White Tridens, White Top

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Tridens buckleyanus
Buckley's Fluffgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Tridens congestus
Pink Fluffgrass, Pink Tridens

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Tridens eragrostoides
Lovegrass Tridens

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Tridens flavus
Purpletop Tridens, Redtop Tridens, Tall Redtop Tridens, Purpletop, Redtop, Tall Redtop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Tridens flavus var. flavus
Purpletop Tridens

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Tridens muticus
Slim Tridens

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Tridens muticus var. muticus
Slim Tridens, Awnless Fluffgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Tridens strictus
Longspike Tridens

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Tridens texanus
Texas Fluffgrass, Texas Tridens

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Trifolium bejariense
Bejar Clover

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Trifolium carolinianum
Carolina Clover

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Trifolium reflexum
Buffalo Clover

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Trillium viridescens
Tapertip Wakerobin, Tapertip Trillium

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Triodanis biflora
Small Venus' Looking-glass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Triodanis coloradoensis
Colorado Venus' Looking-glass, Western Venus' Looking Glass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Triodanis holzingeri
Holzinger's Venus' Looking-glass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Triodanis leptocarpa
Slimpod Venus' Looking-glass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Triodanis perfoliata
Clasping Venus's Looking-glass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Dry

Triodanis texana
Texas Venus' Looking-glass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Triosteum angustifolium
Yellow-fruit Horse-gentian, Narrow-leaved Horse-gentian, Narrowleaf Horse-gentian

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Triplasis purpurea
Purple Sandgrass, Purple Triplasis

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Tripogon spicatus
American Fiveminute Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Tripsacum dactyloides
Eastern Gamagrass, Fakahatchee Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Trisetum interruptum
Prairie False Oat

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Typha domingensis
Southern Cattail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Typha latifolia
Broadleaf Cattail, Common Cattail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Ulmus alata
Winged Elm, Wahoo Elm, Cork Elm, Witch Elm

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ulmus americana
American Elm, White Elm, Soft Elm, Water Elm, Common Elm

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ulmus crassifolia
Cedar Elm, Fall Elm, Basket Elm, Scrub Elm, Lime Elm, Texas Elm, Southern Rock Elm, Olmo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ulmus rubra
Slippery Elm, Red Elm, Gray Elm, Soft Elm

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ungnadia speciosa
Mexican Buckeye, Monilla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Urochloa ciliatissima
Fringed Signalgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Urochloa fusca
Browntop Signalgrass

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Urochloa texana
Texas Signalgrass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Urtica chamaedryoides
Heart-leaf Stinging Nettle, Heart-leaf Nettle, Stinging Nettle

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Utricularia cornuta
Horned Bladderwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Wet

Utricularia gibba
Humped Bladderwort, Bladderwort, Conespur Bladderpod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Utricularia radiata
Little Floating Bladderwort, Floating Bladderwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Wet

Utricularia subulata
Zigzag Bladderwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Vaccinium arboreum
Farkleberry, Tree Sparkleberry, Sparkleberry, Winter Huckleberry, Huckleberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Vaccinium corymbosum
Highbush Blueberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Vachellia bravoensis
Huisachillo, Dwarf Huisache, Bravo Acacia, Schaffner's Acacia, Schaffner's Wattle, Twisted Acacia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Vachellia constricta
Whitethorn Acacia, White-thorn Acacia, Mescat Acacia, Mescat Wattle, Whitethorn, Vara Prieta, Chaparro Prieto

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Vachellia farnesiana
Huisache, Texas Huisache, Sweet Acacia, Perfume Acacia, Mealy Acacia, Mealy Wattle, Cassie

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Vachellia rigidula
Blackbrush Acacia, Blackbrush, Chaparro Prieto, Gavia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Valerianella amarella
Hairy Cornsalad

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Valerianella radiata
Beaked Cornsalad, Woods Corn-salad

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Valerianella stenocarpa
Narrowcell Cornsalad

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Vallisneria americana
American Eelgrass, Water Celery, Eelgrass, Tapegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Vaseyochloa multinervosa
Texasgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Verbena bracteata
Bigbract Verbena, Carpet Vervain, Prostrate Vervain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Verbena canescens
Gray Vervain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Verbena cloverae
Clover's Vervain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Verbena halei
Texas Vervain, Slender Verbena, Texas Verbena, Slender Vervain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Verbena neomexicana
Hillside Vervain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Verbena plicata
Fanleaf Vervain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Verbena scabra
Sandpaper Vervain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Verbena simplex
Narrowleaf Vervain, Narrow-leaved Vervain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Verbena stricta
Hoary Verbena, Hoary Vervain, Tall Vervain, Woolly Verbena

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Verbena urticifolia
White Vervain, White Verbena

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Verbena xutha
Gulf Vervain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Verbesina alternifolia
Wingstem, Yellow Ironweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Verbesina encelioides
Cowpen Daisy, Golden Crownbeard, Butter Daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Verbesina helianthoides
Gravelweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Verbesina lindheimeri
Lindheimer's Crownbeard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Verbesina microptera
Texas Crownbeard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Verbesina virginica
Frostweed, White Crownbeard, Iceplant, Iceweed, Virginia Crownbeard, Indian Tobacco, Richweed, Squawweed

Duration: Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Verbesina virginica var. virginica
Frostweed, White Crownbeard

Duration: Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Vernonia baldwinii
Western Ironweed, Baldwin's Ironweed, Ironweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Vernonia fasciculata
Prairie Ironweed, Common Ironweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Vernonia gigantea
Giant Ironweed, Tall Ironweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Vernonia gigantea ssp. gigantea
Giant Ironweed, Tall Ironweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Vernonia lindheimeri
Woolly Ironweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Vernonia missurica
Missouri Ironweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Vernonia texana
Texas Ironweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Veronica anagallis-aquatica
Water Speedwell

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Veronica peregrina
American Speedwell, Purslane Speedwell, Neckweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Viburnum acerifolium
Mapleleaf Viburnum, Maple-leaf Viburnum, Maple-leaf Arrowwood, Arrowwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Viburnum dentatum
Southern Arrowwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Viburnum nudum
Possumhaw Viburnum, Possumhaw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Viburnum nudum var. nudum
Possumhaw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light:
Water:

Viburnum recognitum
Southern Arrowwood, Northern Arrowwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade
Water: Wet

Viburnum rufidulum
Rusty Blackhaw Viburnum, Rusty Blackhaw, Southern Blackhaw, Blackhaw, Bluehaw, Downy Viburnum, Southern Nannyberry, Rusty Nannyberry, Nannyberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Vicia caroliniana
Carolina Vetch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Vicia ludoviciana
Deer Pea Vetch, Louisiana Vetch

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Vicia ludoviciana ssp. leavenworthii
Leavenworth's Vetch

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Vicia ludoviciana ssp. ludoviciana
Deer Pea Vetch, Louisiana Vetch

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Vicia minutiflora
Pygmyflower Vetch

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light:
Water:

Viguiera dentata
Plateau Goldeneye, Sunflower Goldeneye, Toothleaf Goldeneye, Chimalacate

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Viola bicolor
Field Pansy, Wild Pansy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Viola lanceolata
Lance-leaf Violet, Bog White Violet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Viola lanceolata ssp. lanceolata
Bog White Violet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Viola missouriensis
Missouri Violet

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Viola pubescens
Downy Yellow Violet, Downy Violet, Hairy Yellow Violet, Yellow Violet, Common Yellow Violet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Viola pubescens var. pubescens
Downy Yellow Violet, Downy Violet, Hairy Violet, Yellow Violet, Common Yellow Violet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Viola sagittata
Arrowleaf Violet, Arrow-leaved Violet, Upland Violet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Viola sagittata var. sagittata
Arrowleaf Violet, Triangle-leafed Violet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Viola sororia
Missouri Violet, Common Blue Violet, Hooded Blue Violet, Florida Violet, Meadow Violet, Confederate Violet, Dooryard Violet, Purple Violet, Woolly Blue Violet, Wood Violet, Hooded Violet

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Viola triloba
Three-lobe Violet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Viola villosa
Carolina Violet, Southern Wood Violet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Vitis aestivalis
Summer Grape , Pigeon Grape

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Vitis aestivalis var. lincecumii
Long Grape

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Vitis arizonica
Canyon Grape, Arizona Grape

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Vitis cinerea var. helleri
Winter Grape, Heller's Grape, Gray-leaf Grape, Smooth-leaf Grape, Sweet Grape, Spanish Grape

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Vitis monticola
Sweet Mountain Grape, Champin Grape

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun
Water:

Vitis mustangensis
Mustang Grape

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Vitis riparia
Riverbank Grape, River-bank Grape

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Vitis rotundifolia
Muscadine, Scuppernong Grape

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Vitis rupestris
Sand Grape

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Vitis vulpina
Frost Grape, Fox Grape

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Vulpia elliotea
Squirreltail Fescue

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Vulpia octoflora
Common Sixweeks Grass, Sixweeks Fescue

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Warnockia scutellarioides
Prairie Brazosmint, Prairie Brazoria

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Wedelia acapulcensis var. hispida
Zexmenia, Orange Zexmenia, Hairy Wedelia, Wedelia, Texas Creeping-oxeye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Willkommia texana
Texas Willkommia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water: Moist

Wolffia columbiana
Columbian Watermeal

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Woodsia obtusa
Bluntlobe Cliff Fern, Blunt Cliff Fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Woodwardia areolata
Netted Chainfern, Chain Fern, Netted Chain Fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Woodwardia virginica
Virginia Chainfern, Virginia Chain Fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Xanthisma texanum
Texas Sleepy Daisy, Yellow Sleepy Daisy, Star Of Texas

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Xanthisma texanum var. drummondii
Drummond's Sleepy Daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Xanthium strumarium
Rough Cocklebur

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Xanthium strumarium var. canadense
Canada Cocklebur

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Xyris ambigua
Coastal Plain Yelloweyed Grass, Coastalplain Yelloweyed Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Xyris baldwiniana
Baldwin's Yelloweyed Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Xyris difformis
Bog Yelloweyed Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Xyris jupicai
Richard's Yelloweyed Grass

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Xyris laxifolia var. iridifolia
Irisleaf Yelloweyed Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Xyris torta
Twisted Yellow-eyed Grass, Slender Yellow-eyed Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Yeatesia viridiflora
Yellow Bractspike

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Yucca aloifolia
Spanish Dagger, Spanish Bayonet, Aloe Yucca

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Yucca arkansana
Arkansas Yucca, Softleaf Yucca

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Yucca constricta
Buckley Yucca, Buckley's Yucca

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Yucca louisianensis
Gulf Coast Yucca

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Yucca pallida
Pale-leaf Yucca

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Yucca rupicola
Twistleaf Yucca, Twisted-leaf Yucca, Texas Yucca

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Yucca torreyi
Torrey Yucca, Torrey's Yucca, Spanish Bayonet, Spanish Dagger, Old Shag, Palma

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Yucca treculeana
Spanish Dagger, Spanish Bayonet, Don Quixote's Lance, Palma Pita, Palma De Datil, Palmito

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Zannichellia palustris
Horned Pondweed, Horned Poolmat, Horned-pondweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Zanthoxylum clava-herculis
Hercules Club, Pepperbark, Toothache Tree, Tickle Tongue, Prickly Ash

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Zanthoxylum hirsutum
Texas Hercules' Club, Texas Prickly Ash, Limetone Prickly Ash, Toothache Tree, Tickle-tongue, Tingle-tongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Zephyranthes pulchella
Showy Zephyrlily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Zigadenus nuttallii
Nuttall's Death Camas, Death Camas, Poison-onion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Zizania texana
Texas Wildrice, Texas Wild Rice

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Zizaniopsis miliacea
Giant Cutgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Zizia aurea
Golden Zizia, Golden Alexanders

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ziziphus obtusifolia
Lotebush, Lote-bush Condalia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ziziphus obtusifolia var. obtusifolia
Lotebush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Zornia bracteata
Viperina

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: