Southern Texas Plains

This EPA Level III ecoregion encompasses all or part of 21 Texas counties. This ecoregion borders most of the southwestern portion of the Rio Grande River and extends into northern Mexico. In Texas, it encompasses much of the same land area as the Texas Parks & Wildlife Department’s South Texas Plains vegetative region. This collection lists only those taxa found in the Texas portion of the Southern Texas Plains ecoregion.


Thumb Species Characteristics

Abronia ameliae
Amelia's Sand-verbena, Heart's Delight

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Abutilon abutiloides
Shrubby Indian Mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Abutilon fruticosum
Indian Mallow, Texas Indian Mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Abutilon hypoleucum
Rio Grande Abutilon, White-leaf Indian-mallow, Whiteleaf Indian Mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Abutilon parvulum
Dwarf Indian Mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Abutilon trisulcatum
Anglestem Indian Mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub, Shrub
Light:
Water:

Abutilon wrightii
Wright's Indian Mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Acaciella angustissima
Prairie Acacia, Fern Acacia, Whiteball Acacia, Prairie Wattle, White-ball Acacia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Acaciella angustissima var. hirta
Prairie Acacia, Texas Prairie Acacia, Texas Fern Acacia, Prairie Wattle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Acalypha monostachya
Round Copperleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Acalypha ostryifolia
Pineland Threeseed Mercury, Hop-hornbeam Copperleaf

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Acalypha phleoides
Shrubby Copperleaf, Three-seeded Mercury

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Acalypha radians
Cardinal's Feather, Cardinal Feather

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Acanthocereus tetragonus
Triangle Cactus, Barbed-wire Cactus, Chaco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Acer grandidentatum
Bigtooth Maple, Big-toothed Maple, Uvalde Bigtooth Maple, Southwestern Bigtooth Maple, Canyon Maple, Sabinal Maple, Western Sugar Maple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Acleisanthes longiflora
Angel Trumpets, Angel's Trumpets

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Acleisanthes obtusa
Berlandier's Trumpets, Vine Four O'Clock

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Acleisanthes wrightii
Wright's Trumpets

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Acourtia runcinata
Featherleaf Desertpeony, Peonia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Acourtia wrightii
Brownfoot, Pink Perezia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Adelia vaseyi
Vasey's Wild-lime

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Adiantum capillus-veneris
Southern Maidenhair Fern, Common Maidenhair Fern, Maidenhair Fern, Venus Hair Fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Aesculus glabra
Ohio Buckeye, Texas Buckeye, Fetid Buckeye, Horse Chestnut

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Aesculus glabra var. arguta
Ohio Buckeye, White Buckeye, Texas Buckeye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Aesculus pavia
Red Buckeye, Scarlet Buckeye , Firecracker Plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Aesculus pavia var. flavescens
Texas Yellow Buckeye, Yellow Woolly Buckeye, Pale Buckeye, Plateau Yellow Buckeye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Agalinis fasciculata
Beach False Foxglove

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Agalinis gattingeri
Roundstem False Foxglove

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Agalinis heterophylla
Prairie Agalinis, Prairie False-foxglove

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Agalinis homalantha
San Antonio False Foxglove

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Agalinis strictifolia
Stiffleaf False Foxglove

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Agalinis tenuifolia
Slenderleaf False Foxglove

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Agave americana
American Century Plant, Century Plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Agave lechuguilla
Lechuguilla, Tula Ixtle, Maguey Lechuguilla, Shindagger

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Agave univittata
Maguey Mezortillo, Thorncrest Century Plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Ageratina altissima
White Snakeroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Ageratina havanensis
Shrubby Boneset, White Mistflower, White Shrub Mistflower, Havana Snakeroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Agrostis hyemalis
Winter Bentgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Allionia incarnata
Trailing Windmills, Trailing Four O'Clock, Pink Windmills, Trailing Allionia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Allium canadense
Meadow Garlic, Wild Garlic, Wild Onion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Allium canadense var. fraseri
Fraser Meadow Garlic, Fraser Meadow Garlic

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Allium drummondii
Drummond's Onion, Wild Garlic, Drummond Wild Onion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Allium elmendorfii
Elmendorf's Onion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Allium kunthii
Kunth's Onion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Allium runyonii
Runyon's Onion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Allowissadula holosericea
Velvet-leaf Mallow, Chisos Mountain False Indianmallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Allowissadula lozanii
Lozano's False Indianmallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub, Shrub
Light:
Water:

Alophia drummondii
Propeller Flower, Purple Pleat-leaf, Pinewoods Lily, Prairie Iris, Pleatleaf Iris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Aloysia gratissima
Whitebrush, Bee-brush, White-brush, Common Bee-brush, Beebrush, Privet Lippia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Aloysia macrostachya
Rio Grande Beebrush, Woolly Bee-brush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Amaranthus greggii
Gregg's Amaranth

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Amaranthus hybridus
Slim Amaranth

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Amaranthus palmeri
Carelessweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Amaranthus polygonoides
Tropical Amaranth

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Amaranthus retroflexus
Redroot Amaranth

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Amaranthus scleropoides
Bonebract Amaranth

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Amaranthus spinosus
Spiny Amaranth, Thorny Pigweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Amblyolepis setigera
Huisache Daisy, Butterfly Daisy, Honey Daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ambrosia artemisiifolia
Annual Ragweed, Short Ragweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ambrosia confertiflora
Weakleaf Bur Ragweed, Weak Leaved Burweed, Slimleaf Bursage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ambrosia psilostachya
Cuman Ragweed, Western Ragweed, Perennial Ragweed, Common Ragweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ambrosia trifida
Great Ragweed, Giant Ragweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ammannia auriculata
Eared Redstem

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ammannia coccinea
Valley Redstem, Scarlet Tooth-cup

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Ammoselinum popei
Plains Sandparsley

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Amoreuxia wrightii
Wright's Yellowshow, Yellow-show

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Amorpha fruticosa
Indigo Bush, False Indigo Bush, False Indigo, Desert False Indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Amorpha roemeriana
Roemer's False Indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Amphiachyris dracunculoides
Prairie Broomweed, Broomweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Amsonia longiflora
Tubular Bluestar, Trumpet Slimpod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Amsonia longiflora var. salpignantha
Tubular Bluestar, Trumpet Slimpod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Amyris madrensis
Mountain Torchwood, Shrub Amyris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Amyris texana
Chapotillo, Texas Torchwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Anagallis minima
Chaffweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ancistrocactus scheeri
Scheer's Fishhook Cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ancistrocactus tobuschii
Tobusch Fishhook Cactus, Shorthook Fishhook Cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light:
Water:

Andropogon glomeratus
Bushy Bluestem, Brushy Bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Anemia mexicana
Mexican Fern, Mexican Flowering Fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light:
Water:

Anemone berlandieri
Tenpetal Anemone, Tenpetal Thimbleweed, Windflower, Southern Anemone, Granny's Nightcap

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Anemone caroliniana
Carolina Anemone, Carolina Thimbleweed, Southern Thimbleweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Anemone edwardsiana
Edwards Plateau Thimbleweed, Two-flowered Anemone

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water:

Anemone tuberosa
Tuber Anemone, Desert Anemone

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Anisacanthus quadrifidus var. wrightii
Flame Acanthus, Hummingbird Bush, Wright's Desert Honeysuckle, Wright Acanthus, Mexican Flame, Wright's Mexican Flame

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Aphanostephus ramosissimus
Plains Dozedaisy, Lazy Daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Aphanostephus ramosissimus var. ramosissimus
Plains Dozedaisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Aphanostephus riddellii
Lazy Daisy, Riddell's Dozedaisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Aphanostephus skirrhobasis
Lazy Daisy, Arkansas Lazy Daisy, Arkansas Doze-daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Arabis petiolaris
Brazos Rockcress, Rock-cress, Brazos Rock-cress

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Arbutus xalapensis
Texas Madrone, Madrone, Texas Arbutus, Manzanita, Xoxocote, Amazaquitl

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Arenaria benthamii
Hilly Sandwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Argemone aenea
Golden Pricklypoppy, Golden Prickly Poppy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Argemone albiflora
Bluestem Pricklypoppy, White Pricklypoppy, White Prickly Poppy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Argemone albiflora ssp. texana
Texas Bluestem Pricklypoppy, Bluestem Pricklypoppy, White Pricklypoppy, White Prickly Poppy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Argemone aurantiaca
Texas Pricklypoppy, Texas Prickly Poppy

Duration: Annual, Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Argemone mexicana
Mexican Prickly Poppy, Mexican Prickly Poppy, Yellow Prickly Poppy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Argemone polyanthemos
Annual Pricklepoppy, Bluestem Pricklepoppy, Bluestem Prickly Poppy, Crested Pricklypoppy, Pricklypoppy, Thistle Poppy, White Prickly Poppy, White Pricklypoppy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Argemone sanguinea
Red Pricklypoppy, Rose Prickly Poppy, Red Prickly Poppy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Argythamnia aphoroides
Hill Country Silverbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Argythamnia humilis
Low Silverbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Argythamnia mercurialina
Tall Silverbush, Tall Wildmercury

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Argythamnia mercurialina var. pilosissima
Tall Silverbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Argythamnia neomexicana
New Mexico Silverbush

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Argythamnia simulans
Plateau Silverbush, Tall Wild-mercury

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ariocarpus fissuratus
Chautle Livingrock, Living Rock Cactus, Texas Living Rock

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Aristida desmantha
Curly Threeawn

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Aristida longespica
Slimspike Threeawn, Kearney's Three-awn, Red Three-awn, Slender Three-awn

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Aristida oligantha
Prairie Threeawn, Oldfield (Prairie) 3-awn, Oldfield Threeawn

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Aristida purpurea
Purple Threeawn, Purple 3-awn, Purple Three-awn, Red Threeawn

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Aristida purpurea var. longiseta
Red Three-awn, Fendler Three-awn, Purple Threeawn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Aristida purpurea var. nealleyi
Blue Threeawn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Aristida purpurea var. purpurea
Purple Threeawn, Red Threeawn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Aristolochia coryi
Cory's Dutchman's-pipe, Cory's Pipevine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Aristolochia erecta
Swanflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Aristolochia pentandra
Marsh's Dutchman's Pipe

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Aristolochia serpentaria
Virginia Snakeroot, Virginia Dutchmanspipe

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Dry

Asclepias asperula
Antelope-horns, Spider Milkweed, Green-flowered Milkweed, Spider Antelope-horns, Antelope Horns

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Asclepias emoryi
Emory's Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Asclepias engelmanniana
Engelmann's Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Asclepias incarnata
Swamp Milkweed, Pink Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Asclepias incarnata ssp. incarnata
Swamp Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Asclepias linearis
Slim Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Asclepias oenotheroides
Zizotes Milkweed, Hierba De Zizotes, Side-cluster Milkweed, Longhorn Milkweed, Primrose Milkweed, Lindheimer's Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Asclepias prostrata
Prostrate Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Asclepias stenophylla
Slimleaf Milkweed, Narrowleaf Milkweed, Narrowleaf Green Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Asclepias viridiflora
Green Comet Milkweed, Green-flowered Milkweed, Green Milkweed, Wand Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Asclepias viridis
Green Milkweed, Spider Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Asplenium resiliens
Blackstem Spleenwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light:
Water:

Astragalus emoryanus
Emory's Milkvetch

Duration: Annual, Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Astragalus leptocarpus
Rare Loco Milkvetch, Slimpod Milkvetch

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Astragalus nuttallianus
Nuttall's Milkvetch, Small-flowered Milkvetch

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Astragalus plattensis
Platte River Milkvetch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Astragalus pleianthus
Edwards Plateau Milkvetch

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Astranthium integrifolium
Entireleaf Western Daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Astranthium integrifolium ssp. ciliatum
Entireleaf Western Daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Astrolepis integerrima
Hybrid Cloakfern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light:
Water:

Astrolepis sinuata
Wavy Scaly Cloakfern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Atriplex canescens
Chamiso, Four-wing Saltbush, Wing-scale

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Atriplex matamorensis
Matamoros Saltbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Aureolaria grandiflora
False Foxglove, Largeflower Yellow False Foxglove

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Azolla caroliniana
Carolina Mosquitofern

Duration: Annual
Habit: Fern
Light:
Water:

Baccharis neglecta
False Willow, Jara Dulce, Poverty Weed, Roosevelt Weed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Baccharis salicifolia
Mule's Fat, Seep Willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Baccharis salicina
Willow Baccharis, Great Plains False Willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Baccharis texana
Prairie False Willow, Prairie Baccharis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Bacopa monnieri
Herb-of-grace, Water Hyssop, Coastal Water-hyssop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Bacopa rotundifolia
Disk Waterhyssop, Disc Water-hyssop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Bahia absinthifolia
Hairyseed Bahia, Hairy-seed False Goldfields, Bahia, Yerba Raton

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Baileya multiradiata
Desert Marigold, Showy Desert Marigold, Paper Daisy, Desert Baileya

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Baptisia bracteata
Longbract Wild Indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Baptisia bracteata var. leucophaea
Longbract Wild Indigo, Cream False Indigo, Plains Wild Indigo, Cream Wild Indigo, Large-bracted Wild Indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Bastardia viscosa
Viscid Mallow, Bastardia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Batis maritima
Turtleweed, Seaside Saltwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Bauhinia lunarioides
Anacacho Orchid Tree, Anacacho Bauhinia, Orchid Tree, Texas Plume

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Berlandiera betonicifolia
Texas Greeneyes, Broochflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Bernardia myricifolia
Mouse Ears, Mouse's Eye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Bernardia obovata
Desert Myrtlecroton

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Bidens laevis
Smooth Beggartick, Smooth Bidens, Smooth Bur Marigold, Larger Bur Marigold

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Bifora americana
Prairie Bishop, Prairie Bishop's Weed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Blutaparon vermiculare
Silverhead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Boehmeria cylindrica
Smallspike False Nettle, Bog Hemp

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Boerhavia coccinea
Scarlet Spiderling

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Boerhavia erecta
Erect Spiderling, Common Spiderling

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Boerhavia linearifolia
Narrowleaf Spiderling

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Bonamia repens
Creeping Lady's Nightcap

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Borrichia frutescens
Bushy Seaside Tansy, Ox-eye Daisy, Sea Daisy, Sea Ox-eye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Bothriochloa barbinodis
Pinhole Bluestem, Cane Bluestem, Cane Beardgrass, Feather Bluestem, Plains Beardgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Bothriochloa edwardsiana
Edwards Plateau Beardgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Bothriochloa hybrida
Hybrid Beardgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Bothriochloa laguroides
Silver Bluestem, Silver Beardgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Bothriochloa laguroides ssp. torreyana
Silver Beard Grass, Silver Beardgrass, Silver Bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Bouchea linifolia
Flaxleaf Bouchea, Groovestem Bouchea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Bouchetia erecta
Erect Bouchetia, Painted-tongue, Paintedtongue, Painted Tongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Bouteloua barbata
Sixweeks Grama

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Bouteloua curtipendula
Sideoats Grama, Banderilla, Banderita, Navajita

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Bouteloua dactyloides
Buffalograss, Buffalo Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Bouteloua gracilis
Blue Grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Bouteloua hirsuta
Hairy Grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Bouteloua hirsuta var. pectinata
Hairy Grama, Tall Grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Bouteloua repens
Slender Grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Bouteloua rigidiseta
Texas Grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Bouteloua trifida
Red Grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Bouteloua uniflora
Oneflower Grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Bowlesia incana
Hoary Bowlesia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Brazoria arenaria
Sand Brazos-mint

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Brazoria truncata
Rattlesnake Flower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Brickellia cylindracea
Gravel-bar Brickellbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Brickellia dentata
Leafy Brickellbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Brickellia eupatorioides
False Boneset

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Brickellia eupatorioides var. eupatorioides
False Boneset

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Brickellia eupatorioides var. gracillima
False Boneset

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Brickellia laciniata
Splitleaf Brickellbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Bromus pubescens
Hairy Woodland Brome

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Bromus texensis
Texas Brome

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Buchnera americana
American Bluehearts, Bluehearts

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Buddleja racemosa
Wand Butterfly-bush, Wand Butterflybush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Buddleja sessiliflora
Rio Grande Butterflybush, Tepozan

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Bulbostylis capillaris
Densetuft Hairsedge, Hair-sedge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Bulbostylis ciliatifolia
Capillary Hairsedge

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Cabomba caroliniana
Carolina Fanwort, Green Cabomba, Fish-grass, Washington-grass, Carolina Watershield, Washington-plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cakile lanceolata
Coastal Searocket

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Calliandra conferta
Rio Grande Stickpea, Fairy Duster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Calliandra eriophylla
Pink Fairyduster, Fairyduster, Mesquitilla, Mock Mesquite

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Callicarpa americana
American Beautyberry , French Mulberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Callirhoe alcaeoides
Light Poppymallow, Plains Poppy-mallow, Light Poppy-mallow, Pink Poppy-mallow, Light Poppy Mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Callirhoe involucrata
Winecup, Purple Poppy Mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Callirhoe leiocarpa
Tall Poppymallow, Annual Winecup, Tall Poppy-mallow, Tall Poppy Mallow

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Callirhoe pedata
Palmleaf Poppymallow, Standing Winecup, Finger Poppymallow, Palmleaf Poppy Mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Callisia micrantha
Cherisse, Little-flower Roseling, Southern Coastal Roseling, Little-flower Spiderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Callitriche peploides
Matted Water-starwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Calylophus berlandieri
Berlandier's Sundrops , Square-bud Primrose, Sundrops

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Calylophus berlandieri ssp. berlandieri
Berlandier's Sundrops, Drummond Sundrops, Square-bud Primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Calylophus berlandieri ssp. pinifolius
Berlandier's Sundrops, Square-bud Primrose, Sundrops, Square-bud Day-primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Calylophus hartwegii
Hartweg's Sundrops, Western Primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Calylophus hartwegii ssp. filifolius
Hartweg's Sundrops

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Calylophus hartwegii ssp. maccartii
Maccart's Sundrops

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Calylophus hartwegii ssp. pubescens
Hartweg's Sundrops, Grand Prairie Evening Primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Calylophus serrulatus
Yellow Sundrops, Yellow Evening Primrose, Plains Evening Primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Campsis radicans
Trumpet Creeper, Trumpet Vine, Common Trumpet Creeper, Cow Vine, Foxglove Vine, Hellvine, Devil's Shoestring

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Capsicum annuum
Chile Pequin, Chile Petin, Bird Pepper, Turkey Pepper , Cayenne Pepper

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Capsicum annuum var. glabriusculum
Chile Pequin, Chile Tepin, Bird Pepper, Turkey Pepper, Cayenne Pepper

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Cardamine macrocarpa var. texana
Texas Bittercress

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Carex austrina
Southern Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex edwardsiana
Edwards Plateau Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex leavenworthii
Leavenworth's Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex microdonta
Littletooth Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex muehlenbergii
Muhlenberg's Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex muehlenbergii var. muehlenbergii
Muhlenberg's Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Carex perdentata
Sand Sedge, Meadow Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Carex planostachys
Cedar Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Carex tetrastachya
Britton's Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carlowrightia parviflora
Smallflower Wrightwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Carlowrightia texana
Texas Wrightwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Carlowrightia torreyana
Torrey's Wrightwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Carya illinoinensis
Pecan

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Castela erecta
Goatbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light:
Water:

Castela erecta ssp. texana
Texan Goatbush, Goat-bush, Allthorn Goatbush, Amargoso

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Castilleja indivisa
Texas Indian Paintbrush, Entireleaf Indian Paintbrush, Texas Paintbrush, Indian Paintbrush, Scarlet Paintbrush

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Castilleja lanata
Sierra Woolly Indian Paintbrush, Woolly Paintbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Castilleja purpurea
Prairie Paintbrush, Downy Indian Paintbrush, Purple Paintbrush, Lemon Paintbrush, Purple Painted Cup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Castilleja purpurea var. citrina
Lemon Paintbrush, Yellow Paintbrush, Yellow Prairie Paintbrush, Citron Paintbrush, Prairie Paintbrush, Prairie Indian Paintbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Castilleja purpurea var. lindheimeri
Lindheimer's Paintbrush, Lindheimer's Prairie Paintbrush, Lindheimer's Indian Paintbrush, Prairie Paintbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Castilleja purpurea var. purpurea
Purple Paintbrush, Purple Prairie Painbrush, Prairie Paintbrush, Downy Indian Paintbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Castilleja rigida
Rigid Indian Paintbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Castilleja sessiliflora
Downy Painted Cup, Downy Paintbrush, Great Plains Paintbrush, Great Plains Indian-paintbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Ceanothus americanus
New Jersey Tea, Redroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Ceanothus herbaceus
Prairie Redroot, Smaller Redroot, Small Redroot, Inland Ceanothus, Fuzzy Ceanothus, Jersey Tea, Redroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Celosia nitida
West Indian Cock's Comb

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Celtis ehrenbergiana
Desert Hackberry, Spiny Hackberry, Shiny Hackberry, Granjeno, Huasteco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Celtis laevigata
Sugar Hackberry, Texas Sugarberry, Sugarberry, Southern Hackberry, Lowland Hackberry, Hackberry, Palo Blanco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Celtis laevigata var. reticulata
Netleaf Hackberry, Netleaf Sugar Hackberry, Western Hackberry, Sugar Hackberry, Texas Sugarberry, Palo Blanco, Acibuche

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Celtis lindheimeri
Lindheimer's Hackberry, Lindheimer Hackberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water:

Cenchrus echinatus
Southern Sandbur

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Cenchrus spinifex
Grass Bur, Coastal Sandbur, Field Sandspur, Southern Sandbur, Spiny Burrgrass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Centaurea americana
American Basket-flower, American Star-thistle, Basket-flower, Star Thistle, Shaving Brush, Basket Flower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Centaurium calycosum
Arizona Centaury, Shortflower Centaury, Rosita, Buckley Centaury

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Centella erecta
Erect Centella, Erect Spadeleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Centrosema virginianum
Spurred Butterfly Pea, Butterfly Pea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Cephalanthus occidentalis
Common Buttonbush, Buttonbush, Button Willow, Honey Bells, Honeybells, Honey Balls, Honeyballs

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Cephalanthus salicifolius
Mexican Buttonbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Cercis canadensis
Eastern Redbud, Redbud

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cercis canadensis var. mexicana
Mexican Redbud

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Cercis canadensis var. texensis
Texas Redbud

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Cercocarpus montanus
Alderleaf Mountain Mahogany, Silverleaf Mountain Mahogany, Mountain Mahogany

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Cercocarpus montanus var. argenteus
Silver Mountain Mahogany, Silverleaf Mountain Mahogany, True Mountain Mahogany, Mountain Mahogany

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Cevallia sinuata
Stinging Serpent, Stinging Cevallia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chaerophyllum tainturieri
Hairyfruit Chervil, Southern Chervil

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chaetopappa asteroides
Arkansas Leastdaisy, Least Daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chaetopappa bellidifolia
Whiteray Leastdaisy, Dwarf White Aster, Edwards Lazy Daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Chaetopappa bellioides
Manyflower Leastdaisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chaetopappa effusa
Spreading Leastdaisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Chaetopappa imberbis
Awnless Leastdaisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaecrista calycioides
Woodland Sensitive Pea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaecrista fasciculata
Partridge Pea, Sleepingplant, Sensitive Plant

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Chamaecrista fasciculata var. fasciculata
Partridge Pea, Showy Partridge-pea, Beeflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Chamaecrista flexuosa var. texana
Texas Sensitive Pea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaecrista greggii
Gregg's Sensitive Pea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Chamaecrista nictitans
Sensitive Partridge Pea, Partridge-pea, Sensitive Pea

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Chamaecrista nictitans ssp. nictitans
Sensitive Partridge Pea, Partridge Pea

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Chamaesaracha coniodes
Gray Five Eyes, False Nightshade, Ground Saracha, Prostrate Ground-cherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Chamaesaracha coronopus
Green False Nightshade, Greenleaf Five Eyes

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaesaracha edwardsiana
Edwards Plateau Five Eyes

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Chamaesaracha pallida
Pale Five Eyes, False Nightshade, Averett Pale Five Eyes

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Chamaesaracha sordida
Hairy Five Eyes, False Nightshade

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaesaracha villosa
Transpecos Five Eyes, Woolly False Nightshade

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Chamaesyce acuta
Pointed Sandmat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaesyce albomarginata
Whitemargin Sandmat, Rattlesnake-weed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaesyce angusta
Blackfoot Sandmat, Narrow-leaf Spurge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaesyce bombensis
Dixie Sandmat

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaesyce cinerascens
Ashy Sandmat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaesyce cordifolia
Heartleaf Sandmat

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaesyce fendleri
Fendler's Sandmat, Fendler's Spurge, Fendler's Carpetweed, Fendler's Euphorb

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaesyce glyptosperma
Ribseed Sandmat, Rib-seeded Sand Mat

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaesyce hypericifolia
Graceful Sandmat, Graceful Spurge, Chickenweed, Large-spotted Spurge, Garden Spurge, Fluxweed, Baby's-breath Euphorbia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaesyce hyssopifolia
Hyssopleaf Sandmat

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaesyce lata
Hoary Sandmat, Hoary Euphorbia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaesyce maculata
Spotted Spurge, Spotted Euphorbia, Spotted Sandmat, Milk Purslane, Prostrate Spurge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Chamaesyce missurica
Prairie Sandmat, Missouri Spurge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaesyce nutans
Nodding Spurge, Eyebane

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Chamaesyce prostrata
Prostrate Spurge, Prostrate Sandmat, Ground Spurge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Chamaesyce serpens
Matted Sandmat, Prostrate Spurge, Creeping Spurge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaesyce serrula
Sawtooth Sandmat

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaesyce villifera
Hairy Sandmat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chaptalia texana
Texas Silverpuff, Silverpuff, Nodding Lettuce, Silver Puff

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Chasmanthium latifolium
Inland Sea Oats, Indian Wood Oats, Wild Oats, River Oats, Flathead Oats, Upland Oats, Upland Sea Oats

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cheilanthes alabamensis
Alabama Lipfern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light:
Water:

Cheilanthes feei
Slender Lipfern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light:
Water:

Cheilanthes horridula
Rough Lipfern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Cheilanthes lindheimeri
Fairy-swords

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light:
Water:

Cheilanthes tomentosa
Woolly Lipfern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Chenopodium album
Lambsquarters

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Chenopodium berlandieri
Pitseed Goosefoot, Lambs Quarters

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chenopodium incanum
Mealy Goosefoot

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Chenopodium leptophyllum
Narrowleaf Goosefoot

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chenopodium pratericola
Desert Goosefoot

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chilopsis linearis
Desert Willow, Flowering Willow, Willow-leaved Catalpa, Willowleaf Catalpa, Bow Willow, Flor De Mimbre, Mimbre

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Chiococca alba
Snowberry, West Indian Milkberry, David's Milkberry, Cahinca, West Indian Snowberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Chloracantha spinosa
Spiny Chloracantha, Mexican Devil-weed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chloris andropogonoides
Slimspike Windmill Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Chloris cucullata
Hooded Windmill Grass, Hooded Windmillgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Chloris verticillata
Tumble Windmill Grass, Windmillgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Chloris virgata
Feather Fingergrass, Showy Chloris

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Chromolaena odorata
Blue Mistflower, Fragrant Mistflower, Blue Boneset, Fragrant Boneset, Jack In The Bush, Crucita, Siam Weed, Common Flossflower, Christmas Bush, Devilweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Chrysactinia mexicana
Damianita

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Chrysopsis pilosa
Soft Goldenaster, Soft Golden-aster

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Cicuta maculata
Spotted Water Hemlock, Water-hemlock, Beaver Poison

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Wet

Cienfuegosia drummondii
Yellow Flymallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Cirsium altissimum
Tall Thistle

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Cirsium texanum
Texas Thistle

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Cirsium turneri
Cliff Thistle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Cirsium undulatum
Wavyleaf Thistle, Plumed Thistle

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cissus trifoliata
Cow-itch Vine, Cow Itch Vine, Sorrelvine, Grape Ivy, Possum Grape, Arizona Grape Ivy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Citharexylum berlandieri
Berlandier's Fiddlewood, Berlandier Fiddlewood, Fiddlewood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Cladium mariscus ssp. jamaicense
Jamaica Swamp Sawgrass, Jamaican Saw-grass, Saw-grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Claytonia virginica
Virginia Springbeauty, Springbeauty

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Clematis drummondii
Old Man's Beard, Drummond's Clematis, Texas Virgin's Bower, Goat's Beard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Clematis pitcheri
Purple Leatherflower, Purple Clematis, Leatherflower, Bluebill, Bellflower Clematis, Pitcher's Clematis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Clinopodium brownei
Browne's Savory

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Cnidoscolus texanus
Texas Bullnettle, Bull Nettle, Tread-softly, Spurge Nettle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cocculus carolinus
Carolina Snailseed, Carolina Coralbead, Carolina Moonseed, Red Berried Moonseed, Carolina Red Berried Moonseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cocculus diversifolius
Correhuela, Snailseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Coelorachis cylindrica
Cylinder Jointtail Grass, Carolina Joint-tail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Collinsia violacea
Violet Blue-eyed Mary

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Colubrina texensis
Texas Hog Plum, Texas Snakewood, Texas Colubrina, Hog Plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Commelina erecta
Dayflower, Widow's Tears, White-mouth Dayflower, Whitemouth Dayflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Commelina erecta var. angustifolia
Whitemouth Dayflower, Narrow-leaf Dayflower, Widow's Tears

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Commelina erecta var. erecta
Whitemouth Dayflower, Day Flower, Widow's Tears

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Condalia ericoides
Javelina Bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Condalia hookeri
Bluewood Condalia, Brasil, Brasilwood, Bluewood, Logwood, Purple Haw, Capul Negro

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Condalia spathulata
Knifeleaf Condalia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Condalia viridis
Green Snakewood, Green Condalia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Conoclinium betonicifolium
Betonyleaf Thoroughwort, Betony-leaf Mistflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Conoclinium coelestinum
Blue Mistflower, Wild Ageratum, Blue Boneset

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Conoclinium greggii
Gregg's Mistflower , Palmleaf Thoroughwort, Palm-leaf Mistflower, Palm-leaf Thoroughwort, Purple Palmleaf Mistflower, Purple Palmleaf Eupatorium

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Convolvulus equitans
Texas Bindweed, Bindweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Conyza canadensis
Horseweed, Canadian Horseweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Cooperia drummondii
Evening Rain Lily, Evening Star Rain Lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Cooperia pedunculata
Hill Country Rain Lily, Prairie Lily, Rain Lily, Flor De Mayo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Corallorhiza wisteriana
Spring Coral-root, Spring Coral Root, Early Southern Coral-root, Wister's Coral-root, Yellow Coral-root, Arousing Coral-root

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cordia boissieri
Mexican Olive, Texas Wild Olive, Anacahuita, Anacahuite

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Cordia podocephala
Texas Manjack, White Cordia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Coreopsis basalis
Goldenmane Tickseed, Golden-wave

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Coreopsis nuecensis
Crown Tickseed, Crown Coreopsis

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Coreopsis nuecensoides
Rio Grande Tickseed, Crown Tickseed , Sand Coreopsis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Coreopsis tinctoria
Plains Coreopsis, Golden Tickseed, Goldenwave, Calliopsis

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Coreopsis wrightii
Rock Tickseed, Golden-wave

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Corispermum americanum
American Bugseed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Cornus drummondii
Roughleaf Dogwood, Drummond's Dogwood, Rough-leaf Dogwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Corydalis curvisiliqua
Curvepod, Curvepod Fumewort, Golden Smoke, Scrambled Eggs

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Corydalis curvisiliqua ssp. curvisiliqua
Curvepod Fumewort

Duration: Annual, Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Corydalis micrantha
Smallflower Fumewort, Southern Corydalis, Golden Corydalis

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Coryphantha echinus
Rhinoceros Cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light:
Water: Dry

Coryphantha sulcata
Nipple Cactus, Pineapple Cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Cotinus obovatus
American Smoke Tree, Texas Smoke Tree, Wild Smoke Tree, Smoke Tree, Smokebush, Chittamwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Coursetia axillaris
Texas Babybonnets

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Crataegus greggiana
Gregg's Hawthorn, Gregg Hawthorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Crataegus marshallii
Parsley Hawthorn, Parsleyleaf Hawthorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Crataegus mollis
Downy Hawthorn, White Thorn, Whitethorn, Scarlet Hawthorn, Scarlet Haw, Red Haw, Downy Thorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Crataegus tracyi
Tracy's Hawthorn, Tracy Hawthorn, Mountain Hawthorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Crataegus turnerorum
Turner's Hawthorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Croptilon hookerianum var. hookerianum
Hooker's Scratchdaisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Croptilon rigidifolium
Stiffleaf Scratchdaisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Croton argyranthemus
Healing Croton

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Croton capitatus
Hogwort, Texas Goatweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Croton capitatus var. lindheimeri
Woolly Croton, Lindheimer's Hogwort, Woolly Texas Goatweed, Woolly Doveweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Croton cortesianus
Cortez's Croton

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Croton coryi
Cory's Croton

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Croton fruticulosus
Bush Croton, Encinilla, Hierba Loca

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Croton glandulosus
Tooth-leaved Croton, Sand Croton, Tropic Croton, Vente Conmigo

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Croton humilis
Pepperbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Croton incanus
Torrey's Croton

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Croton leucophyllus
Twocolor Croton

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Croton lindheimerianus
Threeseed Croton

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Croton monanthogynus
Prairie Tea, One-seed Croton, Doveweed, Dove Weed, Prairie Goatweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Croton parksii
Parks' Croton

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Croton pottsii
Leatherweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Croton pottsii var. pottsii
Leatherweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Croton texensis
Texas Croton, Doveweed, Texas Goatweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cryptantha mexicana
Mexican Cryptantha

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cryptantha minima
Little Cryptantha

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Cryptantha oblata
Rough Cryptantha

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Cryptantha palmeri
Palmer's Cryptantha

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Cryptantha texana
Pick Me Nots

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cucurbita foetidissima
Stinking Gourd, Buffalo Gourd, Missouri Gourd, Stink Gourd, Wild Gourd

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Cuscuta cuspidata
Angel Hair, Cusp Dodder, Dodder

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Cuscuta exaltata
Tree Dodder, Tall Dodder

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Cuscuta indecora
Bigseed Alfalfa Dodder, Largeseed Dodder, Pretty Dodder

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light:
Water:

Cuscuta leptantha
Slender Dodder

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Cuscuta pentagona
Fiveangled Dodder

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Cuscuta runyonii
Runyon's Dodder

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Cuscuta umbellata
Flatglobe Dodder, Santa Fe Dodder

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Cyclanthera naudiniana
Hill Country Cyclanthera, Naudin's Cyclanthera, Central Texas Cyclanthera

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light:
Water:

Cylindropuntia leptocaulis
Tasajillo, Christmas Cactus, Pencil Cactus, Christmas Cholla, Desert Christmas Cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Cynanchum barbigerum
Bearded Swallow-wort, Thicket Threadvine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun
Water:

Cynanchum laeve
Honeyvine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light:
Water:

Cynanchum maccartii
Maccart's Swallow-wort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun
Water:

Cynanchum racemosum
Talayote

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light:
Water:

Cynanchum racemosum var. unifarium
Talayote

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Cyperus acuminatus
Tapertip Flatsedge

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Cyperus articulatus
Jointed Flatsedge, Chintul

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Cyperus croceus
Baldwin's Flatsedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Cyperus elegans
Royal Flatsedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Cyperus erythrorhizos
Redroot Flatsedge

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Cyperus esculentus
Yellow Nutsedge, Chufa Sedge, Yellow Nut-grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cyperus hystricinus
Bristly Flatsedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Cyperus ochraceus
Pond Flatsedge, Yellow Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Cyperus odoratus
Fragrant Flatsedge, Fragrant Sedge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Cyperus oxylepis
Sharp-scale Flat Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Cyperus polystachyos
Manyspike Flatsedge, Bunchy Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Cyperus pseudovegetus
Marsh Flatsedge, Marsh Flat Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Cyperus retroflexus
Oneflower Flatsedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Cyperus retrorsus
Pine Barren Flatsedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water: Dry

Cyperus setigerus
Lean Flatsedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Cyperus squarrosus
Bearded Flatsedge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Cyperus strigosus
Straw-colored Flatsedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Cyperus surinamensis
Tropical Flatsedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Cyperus virens
Green Flatsedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Cyphomeris gypsophiloides
Red Cyphomeris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Cystopteris utahensis
Utah Bladderfern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light:
Water:

Dalea aurea
Golden Dalea, Golden Prairie Clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dalea bicolor var. argyrea
Silver Prairie Clover, Silver Dalea, Silver Bush Dalea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Dalea emarginata
Wedgeleaf Prairie Clover

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dalea formosa
Featherplume, Feather Dalea, Indigobush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dalea frutescens
Black Dalea, Black Prairie Clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dalea greggii
Gregg Dalea, Gregg's Prairie Clover, Trailing Indigo Bush, Indigo Bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Dalea lasiathera
Purple Dalea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Dalea multiflora
Roundhead Prairie Clover, White Prairie Clover, Round Headed Dalea, Round Headed Clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dalea nana
Dwarf Prairie Clover, Dwarf Dalea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Dalea nana var. carnescens
Dwarf Prairie Clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Dalea obovata
Pussyfoot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Dalea phleoides
Slimspike Prairie Clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Dalea phleoides var. microphylla
Slimspike Prairie Clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Dalea pogonathera
Bearded Prairie Clover, Bearded Dalea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Dalea wrightii
Wright's Prairie Clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Dasylirion texanum
Texas Sotol, Sotol

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dasyochloa pulchella
Desert Fluffgrass, Low Woollygrass, Low Tridens, Fluff Grass, Fluffgrass, Desert Fluff-grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Datura wrightii
Jimsonweed, Sacred Thorn-apple, Thorn-apple, Angel Trumpet, Sacred Datura, Western Jimson Weed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Daucosma laciniata
Daucosma, Meadow Parasol

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Daucus pusillus
American Wild Carrot, Rattlesnake-weed, Wild Carrot

Duration: Annual, Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Delphinium carolinianum
Prairie Larkspur, Carolina Larkspur, Blue Larkspur

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Delphinium carolinianum ssp. vimineum
Carolina Larkspur, Prairie Larkspur

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Delphinium carolinianum ssp. virescens
Carolina Larkspur, Prairie Larkspur, Plains Larkspur

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Descurainia pinnata
Western Tansymustard, Tansy-mustard

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Desmanthus glandulosus
Glandular Bundleflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Desmanthus illinoensis
Illinois Bundleflower, Bundleflower, Prairie Bundle Flower, Prickleweed, Illinois Desmanthus, Prairie Mimosa

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Desmanthus obtusus
Bluntpod Bundleflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Desmanthus reticulatus
Netleaf Bundleflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Desmanthus velutinus
Velvet Bundleflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Desmanthus virgatus
Prostrate Bundleflower, Wild Tantan, Slender Mimosa

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Desmodium paniculatum
Panicledleaf Ticktrefoil, Panicled Tick Trefoil, Velcro Vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Desmodium sessilifolium
Sessileleaf Ticktrefoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Desmodium tweedyi
Tweedy's Ticktrefoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Dichanthelium aciculare
Needleleaf Rosette Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Dichanthelium acuminatum
Tapered Rosette Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Dichanthelium dichotomum
Cypress Panicgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Dichanthelium nodatum
Sarita Rosette Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Dichanthelium oligosanthes
Heller's Rosette Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Dichanthelium pedicellatum
Cedar Rosette Grass, Corm-based Panicgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Dichanthelium sphaerocarpon
Roundseed Panicgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Dichondra carolinensis
Carolina Ponyfoot, Ponyfoot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Dicliptera brachiata
Branched Dicliptera, Branched Foldwing

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Dicliptera sexangularis
Sixangle Foldwing

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Digitaria bicornis
Asian Crabgrass

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Digitaria californica
Arizona Cottontop, California Cottontop, California Crab Grass, Cottontop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Digitaria ciliaris
Southern Crabgrass

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Digitaria insularis
Sourgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Digitaria patens
Texas Cottontop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Digitaria pubiflora
Carolina Crabgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Diodia teres
Poorjoe

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Diospyros texana
Texas Persimmon, Mexican Persimmon, Black Persimmon, Chapote, Chapote Prieto

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Distichlis spicata
Saltgrass, Coastal Salt Grass, Inland Salt-grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Dodecatheon meadia
Eastern Shooting Star, Shooting Star, Pride Of Ohio, Roosterheads, Prairie Pointers

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Draba cuneifolia
Wedgeleaf Draba, Whitlow-grass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Draba platycarpa
Broadpod Draba, Broad-pod Draba, Broadpod Whitlowgrass, Broadpod Whitlow-grass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Drosera brevifolia
Dwarf Sundew, Spatulate-leaved Sundew

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Dyschoriste crenulata
Wavyleaf Snakeherb

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Dyschoriste linearis
Snake Herb, Polkadots, Narrowleaf Dyschoriste

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Dyssodia papposa
Dogweed, Fetid Marigold

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ebenopsis ebano
Texas Ebony, Black-bead Ebony, Ebony Ape's-earring, Ebano

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Echinocactus horizonthalonius
Devilshead, Eagle Claws, Turk's Head, Devil's Head

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Echinocactus horizonthalonius var. horizonthalonius
Devilshead, Turk's Head, Devil's Head, Manca Caballo, Bluebarrel Cactus, Visnaga Meloncillo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light:
Water:

Echinocactus texensis
Horse Crippler, Horse Crippler Cactus, Devil's Head, Chisos Hedgehog Cactus, Chisos Hedgehog

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Echinocereus coccineus
Scarlet Hedgehog Cactus, Claret Cup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light:
Water:

Echinocereus coccineus var. paucispinus
Scarlet Hedgehog Cactus, Claret Cup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Echinocereus enneacanthus
Pitaya, Strawberry Cactus, Banana Cactus, Cob Cactus, Purple Pitaya, Strawberry Hedgehog Cactus, Prostrate Hedgehog Cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Echinocereus enneacanthus var. brevispinus
Pitaya

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light:
Water:

Echinocereus pectinatus
Rainbow Cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Echinocereus pentalophus
Ladyfinger Cactus, Alicoche, Dog Tail, Devil's Fingers

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Echinocereus poselgeri
Dahlia Hedgehog Cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Echinocereus reichenbachii
Lace Hedgehog Cactus, Lace Cactus, Lace Hedgehog, Purple Candle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Echinochloa muricata
American Barnyard Grass, Rough Barnyard Grass, Barnyard Grass, American Cockspur Grass, Wild Millet

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Echinochloa walteri
Coast Cockspur Grass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Echinodorus berteroi
Upright Burrhead

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eclipta prostrata
Pie Plant, False Daisy, Eclipta

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ehretia anacua
Anacua, Sugarberry Anacua, Anaqua, Anacahuita, Knockaway, Knackaway, Sandpaper Tree, Manzanita, Manzanillo, Tlalahuacate

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Eleocharis atropurpurea
Purple Spikerush

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eleocharis cellulosa
Gulf Coast Spikerush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eleocharis compressa var. acutisquamata
Sharpscale Spikerush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eleocharis flavescens
Yellow Spikerush, Pale Spike-rush, Wrinkle-sheathed Spike-rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eleocharis interstincta
Knotted Spikerush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eleocharis macrostachya
Pale Spikerush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eleocharis minima
Small Spikerush

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eleocharis montevidensis
Sand Spikerush, Spike Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Eleocharis palustris
Common Spikerush, Common Spike-rush, Creeping Spikesedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Eleocharis parvula
Dwarf Spikerush

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Eleocharis quadrangulata
Squarestem Spikerush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Eleocharis rostellata
Beaked Spikerush, Leap Frog Spike Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Elionurus tripsacoides
Pan American Balsamscale

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Elymus canadensis
Canada Wild Rye, Canadian Wildrye, Prairie Wildrye, Nodding Wildrye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Elymus elymoides
Squirreltail, Bottlebrush Squirreltail, Squirrel-tail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Elymus elymoides ssp. brevifolius
Squirreltail, Long-leaf Squirrel-tail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Elymus virginicus
Virginia Wild Rye, Virginia Wildrye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Elymus virginicus var. virginicus
Virginia Wildrye, Virginia Wild Rye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Engelmannia peristenia
Engelmann's Daisy, Engelmann Daisy, Cutleaf Daisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Ephedra antisyphilitica
Mormon Tea, Joint-fir, Clapweed, Popote

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ephedra aspera
Rough Jointfir

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Ephedra pedunculata
Vine Jointfir

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Epipactis gigantea
Stream Orchid, Chatterbox Orchid, Giant Hellebore

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Epithelantha micromeris
Pingpong Ball Cactus, Button Cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Equisetum hyemale
Scouring-rush Horsetail, Horsetail, Scouring Rush, Canuela

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Equisetum hyemale var. affine
Scouring-rush Horsetail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Equisetum laevigatum
Smooth Horsetail, Horsetail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Eragrostis curtipedicellata
Gummy Lovegrass, Gummy Love Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eragrostis elliottii
Field Lovegrass , Field Love Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eragrostis hirsuta
Bigtop Lovegrass , Bigtop Love Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eragrostis hypnoides
Teal Lovegrass , Teal Love Grass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eragrostis intermedia
Plains Lovegrass, Plains Love Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Eragrostis lugens
Mourning Lovegrass , Mourning Love Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eragrostis palmeri
Rio Grande Lovegrass, Rio Grande Love Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Eragrostis pectinacea
Tufted Lovegrass, Tufted Love Grass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eragrostis pectinacea var. pectinacea
Tufted Lovegrass, Tufted Love Grass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eragrostis secundiflora
Red Lovegrass , Red Love Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eragrostis secundiflora ssp. oxylepis
Red Lovegrass, Red Love Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Eragrostis sessilispica
Tumble Lovegrass, Tumble Love Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eragrostis spectabilis
Purple Lovegrass, Purple Love Grass, Purple Plains Lovegrass, Tumblegrass, Petticoat Climber

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Eragrostis trichodes
Sand Lovegrass, Sand Love Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Erigeron colomexicanus
Running Fleabane, Sprawling Daisy

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Erigeron flagellaris
Trailing Fleabane

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Erigeron geiseri
Geiser's Fleabane

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Erigeron modestus
Plains Fleabane, Prairie Fleabane

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Erigeron procumbens
Corpus Christi Fleabane

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Erigeron strigosus
Prairie Fleabane, Daisy Fleabane

Duration: Annual, Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Erigeron tenuis
Slenderleaf Fleabane

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Erigeron versicolor
Changing Fleabane

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eriochloa sericea
Texas Cupgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Eriogonum abertianum
Abert's Buckwheat, Abert's Wild Buckwheat

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eriogonum annuum
Annual Buckwheat, Annual Wild Buckwheat, Umbrella Plant

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Eriogonum longifolium
Longleaf Buckwheat, Longleaf Wild Buckwheat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eriogonum longifolium var. longifolium
Longleaf Buckwheat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eriogonum multiflorum
Wild Buckwheat, Heart-sepal Buckwheat, Heart-sepal Wild Buckwheat

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Erioneuron pilosum
Hairy Woollygrass, Hairy Tridens

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Erodium texanum
Texas Stork's Bill, Stork's Bill, Pine Needle, Fillaree

Duration: Annual, Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Eryngium diffusum
Spreading Eryngo

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eryngium hookeri
Hooker's Eryngo

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eryngium leavenworthii
Leavenworth's Eryngo, Eryngo, False Purple Thistle

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Eryngium yuccifolium
Rattlesnake Master, Button Eryngo, Button Snakeroot, Beargrass, Bear's Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Escobaria vivipara
Spinystar, Common Beehive Cactus, Pincushion Cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light:
Water:

Escobaria vivipara var. radiosa
Spinystar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light:
Water:

Eupatorium capillifolium
Dogfennel, Dog Fennel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eupatorium serotinum
Lateflowering Thoroughwort, White Boneset, Late Boneset, Late-flowering Boneset

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Euphorbia antisyphilitica
Candelilla, Wax Plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Euphorbia cyathophora
Wild Poinsettia, Poinsettia, Fire On The Mountain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Euphorbia dentata
Toothed Spurge, Toothed-leaf Poinsettia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Euphorbia heterophylla
Mexican Fireplant, Wild Poinsettia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Euphorbia longicruris
Wedgeleaf Spurge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Euphorbia marginata
Snow On The Mountain, Snow-on-the-mountain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Euphorbia peplidion
Low Spurge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Euphorbia roemeriana
Roemer's Spurge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Euphorbia spathulata
Warty Spurge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eurytaenia texana
Texas Spreadwing

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eustoma exaltatum
Catchfly Prairie Gentian, Bluebell Gentian, Western Blue Gentian, Blue Marsh Lily, Small Bluebell, Catchfly Gentian, Seaside Gentian

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Evax candida
Silver Pygmycudweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Evax prolifera
Bighead Pygmycudweed, Rabbit Tobacco

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Evax verna
Spring Pygmycudweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Evax verna var. verna
Spring Pygmycudweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Evolvulus alsinoides
Slender Dwarf Morning-glory

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Evolvulus alsinoides var. angustifolius
Slender Dwarf Morning-glory

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Evolvulus nuttallianus
Shaggy Dwarf Morning-glory, Shaggy Evolvulus, Silky Evolvulus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Evolvulus sericeus
Silver Dwarf Morning-glory, White Evolvulus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Evolvulus sericeus var. sericeus
Silver Dwarf Morning-glory, White Evolvulus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eysenhardtia texana
Texas Kidneywood, Kidneywood, Bee Brush, Vara Dulce, Palo Dulce

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Fallugia paradoxa
Apache Plume, Ponil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Fendlera rupicola
Cliff Fendlerbush, False Mock-orange

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Fendlera wrightii
Wright's Fendlerbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Ferocactus hamatacanthus
Turk's Head, Turk's Head Cactus, Texas Barrel Cactus, Giant Fishhook Cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Ferocactus hamatacanthus var. hamatacanthus
Turk's Head

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light:
Water:

Festuca versuta
Texas Fescue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Fimbristylis autumnalis
Slender Fimbry

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Fimbristylis castanea
Marsh Fimbry, Saltmarsh Fimbristylis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Fimbristylis puberula
Hairy Fimbry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Fimbristylis vahlii
Vahl's Fimbry

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Flaveria trinervia
Clustered Yellowtops

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Fleischmannia incarnata
Pink Thoroughwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Florestina tripteris
Sticky Florestina

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Flourensia cernua
American Tarwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Flyriella parryi
Chisos Mountain Brickellbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Forestiera angustifolia
Narrow-leaf Forestiera, Tanglewood, Desert Olive, Texas Swamp-privet, Panalero

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Forestiera pubescens
Elbow Bush, Stretchberry, Spring Herald, Desert Olive, Tanglewood, Devil's Elbow, Spring Goldenglow, New Mexico Privet, Texas Forsythia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Forestiera reticulata
Net-leaf Forestiera, Netleaf Swampprivet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Fouquieria splendens
Ocotillo, Devil's Walking Stick, Candlewood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Frangula caroliniana
Carolina Buckthorn, Carolina False Buckthorn, Yellow Buckthorn, Indian Cherry, Yellowwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Fraxinus albicans
Texas Ash, Mountain Ash

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Fraxinus berlandieriana
Mexican Ash, Berlandier Ash, Berlandier's Ash, Plumero

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Fraxinus greggii
Gregg's Ash, Gregg Ash, Littleleaf Ash, Dogleg Ash, Escobilla, Barreta China

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Froelichia drummondii
Drummond's Snakecotton

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Froelichia floridana
Plains Snakecotton, Snake-cotton

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Froelichia gracilis
Slender Snakecotton, Snake-cotton

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Fuirena simplex
Western Umbrella-sedge, Umbrellagrass, Western Umbrella Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Fuirena squarrosa
Hairy Umbrella Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Funastrum clausum
White Twinevine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light:
Water:

Funastrum crispum
Wavy-leaf Milkweed Vine, Wavyleaf Twinevine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Funastrum cynanchoides
Fringed Twinevine, Climbing Milkweed Vine, Twine-vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Funastrum cynanchoides ssp. cynanchoides
Fringed Twinevine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Gaillardia aestivalis
Lanceleaf Blanketflower, Winkler Gaillardia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Gaillardia amblyodon
Maroon Blanketflower, Red Gaillardia, Red Indian Blanket

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Gaillardia pulchella
Indian Blanket, Firewheel, Girasol Rojo

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Gaillardia pulchella var. pulchella
Indian Blanket, Firewheel

Duration: Annual, Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Gaillardia suavis
Pincushion Daisy, Fragrant Gaillardia, Rayless Gaillardia, Perfumeballs

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Galactia canescens
Hoary Milkpea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Galactia heterophylla
Gray's Milkpea, Milkpea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Galactia marginalis
Edible Milkpea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Galactia texana
Texas Milkpea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Galium aparine
Stickywilly, Catchweed Bedstraw, Cleavers, Common Bedstraw, Sticky Weed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light: Shade
Water:

Galium pilosum
Hairy Bedstraw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Galium proliferum
Limestone Bedstraw

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Galium texense
Texas Bedstraw

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Galium uncinulatum
Bristly Bedstraw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Galium virgatum
Southwest Bedstraw, Southwestern Bedstraw

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Galphimia angustifolia
Narrow-leaf Goldshower, Narrowleaf Goldshower, Thryallis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Gamochaeta falcata
Narrowleaf Purple Everlasting

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Gamochaeta pensylvanica
Pennsylvania Everlasting

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Gamochaeta purpurea
Spoonleaf Purple Everlasting , Early Cudweed

Duration: Annual, Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Garrya ovata
Eggleaf Silktassel, Mexican Silktassel, Eggleaf Garrya, Zumaque, Cuauchichic, Cuauchichi, Guachichi

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Garrya ovata ssp. lindheimeri
Lindheimer's Silktassel, Lindheimer Silktassel, Lindheimer's Garrya, Lindheimer Garrya, Mexican Silktassel, Mexican Garrya, Eggleaf Silktassel, Eggleaf Garrya

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Geranium carolinianum
Carolina Geranium, Wild Geranium, Carolina Cranesbill

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Geranium texanum
Texas Geranium

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Giliastrum acerosum
Bluebowls, Prickleleaf Gilia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Giliastrum incisum
Splitleaf Gilia, Split-leaf Gilia, Cut-leaf Gilia

Duration: Annual, Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Giliastrum ludens
Rio Grande Gilia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Giliastrum rigidulum
Bluebowls, Blue Gilia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Gillenia stipulata
American Ipecac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Glandularia bipinnatifida
Prairie Verbena, Purple Prairie Verbena, Dakota Vervain, Dakota Mock Vervain, Moradilla, Alfombrilla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Glandularia bipinnatifida var. bipinnatifida
Prairie Verbena, Purple Prairie Verbena, Dakota Mock Vervain, Dakota Vervain

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Glandularia bipinnatifida var. ciliata
Davis Mountains Mock Vervain, Dakota Mock Vervain, Wright's Verbena

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Glandularia canadensis
Rose Vervain, Sweet William, Rose Mock Vervain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Glandularia polyantha
Rio Grande Mock Vervain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Glandularia pumila
Dwarf Vervain, Low Verbena, Pink Mock Vervain, Pink Verbena, Wild Vervain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Glandularia quandrangulata
Beaked Mock Vervain, Pale Mock Vervain, Chihuahuan Mock Vervain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Glandularia tumidula
Plains Mock Vervain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Glandulicactus uncinatus
Chihuahuan Fishhook Cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light:
Water:

Glandulicactus uncinatus var. wrightii
Chihuahuan Fishhook Cactus, Brown-flowered Hedgehog Cactus, Catclaw Cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light:
Water:

Gleditsia triacanthos
Honey Locust, Common Honey Locust, Thorny Common Honey Locust, Honey Shucks Locust, Sweet Locust, Thorny Locust, Honey Shucks, Sweet Bean Tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Gochnatia hypoleuca
Shrubby Bullseye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Gomphrena haageana
Rio Grande Globe Amaranth

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Gomphrena nealleyi
Nealley's Globe Amaranth

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Gossypianthus lanuginosus
Woolly Cottonflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Grindelia grandiflora
Manyray Gumweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Grindelia microcephala
Littlehead Gumweed, Gumweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Grindelia oolepis
Plains Gumweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Grusonia schottii
Dog Cholla, Big Bend Pricklypear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Guaiacum angustifolium
Texas Lignum-vitae, Soapbush, Guayacan

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Gutierrezia microcephala
Threadleaf Snakeweed, Threadleaf Broomweed, Smallhead Snakeweed, Littlehead Snakeweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Gutierrezia sarothrae
Broom Snakeweed, Kindlingweed, Matchbrush, Texas Snakeweed, Broomweed, Turpentine Weed, Matchweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Gutierrezia sphaerocephala
Roundleaf Snakeweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Gutierrezia texana
Texas Snakeweed

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Gymnosperma glutinosum
Gumhead, Tatalencho

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Habranthus tubispathus
Copper Lily, Rio Grande Copper-lily, Rio Grande Copperlily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Haploesthes greggii
False Broomweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Haploesthes greggii var. texana
Texas False Broomweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub, Shrub
Light:
Water:

Havardia pallens
Tenaza, Huajillo, Ape's Ear-ring

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Hechtia glomerata
Guapilla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Hedeoma acinoides
Slender False Pennyroyal, Annual Pennyroyal, Slender Hedeoma

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Hedeoma drummondii
Drummond's False Pennyroyal, Limoncillo, Mock Pennyroyal

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Hedeoma reverchonii
Reverchon's False Pennyroyal

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Hedeoma reverchonii var. serpyllifolia
Reverchon's False Pennyroyal, Rock Hedeoma

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Heimia salicifolia
Shrubby Yellowcrest

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Helenium amarum
Yellow Sneezeweed, Bitterweed, Yellow Bitterweed, Yellowdicks, Slender-leaved Sneezeweed, Fine-leaved Sneezweed, Yellow Dog-fennel

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Helenium amarum var. amarum
Yellowdicks, Yellow Bitterweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helenium amarum var. badium
Yellowdicks, Brown Bitterweed, Basin Sneezeweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helenium elegans
Pretty Sneezeweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helenium microcephalum
Smallhead Sneezeweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helianthemum georgianum
Georgia Frostweed, Rockrose, Georgia Sunrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helianthemum rosmarinifolium
Rosemary Frostweed, Sun Rose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Helianthus annuus
Common Sunflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Helianthus argophyllus
Silverleaf Sunflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Helianthus ciliaris
Texas Blueweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helianthus debilis
Beach Sunflower, Cucumber-leaf Sunflower, Cucumberleaf Sunflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Helianthus debilis ssp. cucumerifolius
Cucumberleaf Sunflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helianthus maximiliani
Maximilian Sunflower, Max Sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Helianthus occidentalis
Fewleaf Sunflower, Western Sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Helianthus praecox
Texas Sunflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helianthus praecox ssp. runyonii
Runyon's Sunflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helietta parvifolia
Baretta

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Heliotropium angiospermum
Scorpion's-tail, Scorpion-tail

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Heliotropium confertifolium
Leafy Heliotrope

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Heliotropium curassavicum
Salt Heliotrope, Seaside Heliotrope, Quail Plant, Cola De Mico, Cola De Gama

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Heliotropium procumbens
Fourspike Heliotrope

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Heliotropium tenellum
Pasture Heliotrope, White Heliotrope

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Heliotropium torreyi
Slimleaf Heliotrope

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub, Shrub
Light:
Water:

Herbertia lahue
Prairie Nymph, Herbertia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Herbertia lahue ssp. caerulea
Prairie Nymph, Herbertia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Hermannia texana
Mexican Mallow, Texas Burstwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hesperaloe funifera
Giant Hesperaloe, New Mexico False Yucca, Samandoce

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Hesperaloe parviflora
Red Yucca, Coral Yucca, Red-flowered False Yucca, Redflower False Yucca, Yellow Yucca, Hummingbird Yucca, Samandoque

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Heteranthera dubia
Grassleaf Mudplantain, Water Stargrass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Heteranthera limosa
Blue Mud Plantain, Blue Mudplantain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Heteropogon contortus
Tanglehead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Heterotheca canescens
Gray Golden-aster, Hoary False Goldenaster

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Heterotheca fulcrata
Rockyscree False Goldenaster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Heterotheca stenophylla
Stiffleaf False Goldenaster, Sticky Granite-daisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Heterotheca subaxillaris
Camphorweed, Camphor Weed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hexalectris nitida
Glass Mountain Crested Coralroot, Glass Mountain Crested Coral Root

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hibiscus coulteri
Desert Rosemallow, Desert Rose-mallow, Coulter Hibiscus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Hibiscus laevis
Halberdleaf Rosemallow, Halberdleaf Hibiscus, Scarlet Rose Mallow, Halberd-leaved Hibiscus, Halberd-leaved Rose-mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Hibiscus martianus
Heartleaf Rosemallow, Tulipan Del Monte, Heartleaf Hibiscus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Hilaria belangeri
Curly Mesquite Grass, Curly Mesquite

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Hilaria belangeri var. belangeri
Curly-mesquite

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Hoffmannseggia glauca
Indian Rushpea, Indian Rush-pea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hoffmannseggia oxycarpa
Sharppod Rushpea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Hordeum jubatum
Foxtail Barley

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Hordeum jubatum ssp. jubatum
Foxtail Barley, Squirreltail Barley, Skunktail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Hordeum pusillum
Little Barley

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Houstonia acerosa
Needleleaf Bluet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Houstonia croftiae
Croft's Bluet

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Houstonia humifusa
Matted Bluet

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Houstonia parviflora
Greenman's Bluet

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Houstonia pusilla
Tiny Bluets, Small Bluets, Star Violet

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Houstonia subviscosa
Nodding Bluet

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hunzikeria texana
Texas Cupflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Hybanthus verticillatus
Babyslippers, Nodding Green Violet, Green Violet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Hydrocotyle bonariensis
Largeleaf Pennywort, Salt Pennywort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hydrocotyle umbellata
Manyflower Marsh-pennywort, Many-flowered Marsh-pennywort, Marsh Pennywort, Water Pennywort, Money Plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Hydrocotyle verticillata
Whorled Marshpennywort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hydrolea ovata
Blue Waterleaf, Ovate False Fiddleleaf, Hairy Hydrolea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Hymenoclea monogyra
Singlewhorl Burrobrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Hymenopappus artemisiifolius
Oldplainsman, Woolly-white, Old Plainsman

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Hymenopappus artemisiifolius var. artemisiifolius
Oldplainsman

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hymenopappus carrizoanus
Carrizo Sands Woollywhite

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hymenopappus scabiosaeus
Carolina Woollywhite, Old Plainsman, Woolly-white

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hymenopappus scabiosaeus var. corymbosus
Carolina Woollywhite, Old Plainsman

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hymenoxys odorata
Bitter Rubberweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hypericum drummondii
Nits And Lice, Drummond's St. John's-wort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hypericum gentianoides
Orangegrass, Pineweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Hypericum hypericoides
St. Andrew's-cross

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Hypericum punctatum
Spotted St. John's-wort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Ibervillea lindheimeri
Balsam Gourd, Lindheimer's Globeberry, Globe Berry, Snake-apple, Balsam-apple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Ibervillea tenuisecta
Slimlobe Globeberry, Cutleaf Globe Berry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Ilex vomitoria
Yaupon, Yaupon Holly, Cassina

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Indigofera lindheimeriana
Lindheimer's Indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Indigofera miniata
Scarlet Pea, Coastal Indigo, Texas Indigo, Western Indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Indigofera suffruticosa
Anil De Pasto

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Ipomoea alba
Moonflower, Moon Vine, Tropical White Morning Glory

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Ipomoea cordatotriloba
Tievine, Purple Bindweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Ipomoea cordatotriloba var. cordatotriloba
Tievine, Sharp-pod Morning Glory, Purple Bindweed, Tie Vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Ipomoea cordatotriloba var. torreyana
Torrey's Tievine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light:
Water:

Ipomoea lindheimeri
Lindheimer's Morning-glory, Blue Morning Glory

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Ipomoea sagittata
Saltmarsh Morning-glory, Salt-marsh Morning Glory

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Ipomopsis rubra
Standing Cypress, Texas Plume, Red Texas Star, Red Gilia

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Iresine rhizomatosa
Judas Bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Isocoma drummondii
Drummond's Goldenbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Iva annua
Annual Marshelder, Marshelder, Sumpweed, Annual Marsh Elder, Marsh Elder

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Iva frutescens
Jesuit's Bark, High-tide Bush, High-water Shrub, Marsh Elder, Bigleaf Marsh Elder

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Jacquemontia tamnifolia
Hairy Clustervine, Hairy Cluster-vine

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Jatropha cathartica
Berlandier's Nettlespurge, Jicamilla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Jatropha dioica
Leatherstem, Leather Stem, Rubber Plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Jatropha dioica var. dioica
Leatherstem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Jefea brevifolia
Shortleaf Jefea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub, Shrub
Light:
Water:

Juglans microcarpa
Little Walnut, Texas Walnut, Texas Black Walnut, River Walnut, Nogalito, Nogalillo, Namboca

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Juncus acuminatus
Tapertip Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Juncus brachycarpus
Whiteroot Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Juncus bufonius
Toad Rush

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Juncus dudleyi
Dudley's Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Juncus filipendulus
Ringseed Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Juncus interior
Inland Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Juncus interior var. interior
Inland Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Juncus marginatus
Grassleaf Rush, Grass Leaf Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Juncus scirpoides
Needlepod Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Juncus torreyi
Torrey's Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Juncus validus
Roundhead Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Juncus validus var. validus
Roundhead Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Juniperus ashei
Ashe Juniper, Ashe's Juniper, Mountain Cedar, Rock Cedar, Post Cedar, Texas Cedar, Brake Cedar, Mexican Juniper, Blueberry Juniper, Ozark White Cedar, Sabino, Enebro

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Juniperus pinchotii
Pinchot's Juniper, Pinchot Juniper, Redberry Juniper, Texas Juniper, Christmasberry Juniper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Justicia americana
American Water-willow, Water-willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Justicia pacifica
Runyon's Water-willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Justicia pilosella
Hairy Tube-tongue, Gregg's Tube-tongue, False Honeysuckle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Kallstroemia hirsutissima
Hairy Caltrop, Hairy Carpetweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Kallstroemia parviflora
Warty Caltrop, Small-flowered Carpetweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Kallstroemia perennans
Perennial Caltrop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Karwinskia humboldtiana
Coyotillo, Humboldt Coyotillo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Koeberlinia spinosa
Crown Of Thorns, Spiny Allthorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Krameria erecta
Littleleaf Ratany, Range Ratany

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Krameria grayi
White Ratany, Crimson Beak, Chacati, Cosahui

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Krameria lanceolata
Trailing Krameria, Ratany, Crameria, Prairie Sandbur, Trailing Ratany

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Krameria ramosissima
Manystem Ratany, Calderona

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Krigia caespitosa
Weedy Dwarfdandelion, Dwarf Dandelion

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Krigia occidentalis
Western Dwarfdandelion

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Krigia wrightii
Wright's Dwarfdandelion

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lactuca floridana
Woodland Lettuce, Florida Lettuce

Duration: Annual, Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Laennecia coulteri
Conyza, Coulter's Horseweed, Coulter's Woolwort, Annual Horsetail

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lantana achyranthifolia
Brushland Shrubverbena, Mexican Marjoram, Veinyleaf Lantana

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lantana canescens
Hammock Shrubverbena

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Lantana urticoides
Texas Lantana, Calico Bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lappula occidentalis var. cupulata
Flatspine Stickseed, Western Stickseed

Duration: Annual, Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Larrea tridentata
Creosote Bush, Greasewood, Hediondilla, Governadora, Guamis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Lechea mucronata
Hairy Pinweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lechea san-sabeana
San Saba Pinweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Leersia hexandra
Southern Cutgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Leersia monandra
Cut Rice Grass, Bunch Cutgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Leersia oryzoides
Rice Cutgrass, Rice Cut Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Lemna aequinoctialis
Lesser Duckweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lemna obscura
Little Duckweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lemna valdiviana
Valdivia Duckweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lepidium austrinum
Southern Peppergrass, Southern Pepperwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lepidium densiflorum
Common Pepperweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lepidium lasiocarpum
Shaggyfruit Pepperweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lepidium virginicum
Virginia Peppergrass, Virginia Pepperweed, Peppergrass, Poor Man's Pepper

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Leptochloa dubia
Green Sprangletop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Leptochloa fusca
Malabar Sprangletop

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Leptochloa fusca ssp. fascicularis
Bearded Sprangletop

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Leptochloa panicea
Mucronate Sprangletop, Red Sprangletop, Needle Sprangletop

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Lespedeza stuevei
Tall Bush-clover, Tall Lespedeza

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lespedeza texana
Texas Lespedeza, Texas Bush-clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Lesquerella argyraea
Silver Bladderpod

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lesquerella fendleri
Fendler's Bladderpod, Popweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Lesquerella gordonii
Gordon's Bladderpod

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Lesquerella grandiflora
Bigflower Bladderpod

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lesquerella lasiocarpa
Roughpod Bladderpod

Duration: Annual, Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lesquerella lindheimeri
Lindheimer's Bladderpod

Duration: Annual, Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lesquerella purpurea
Rose Bladderpod, Purple Bladderpod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lesquerella recurvata
Gaslight Bladderpod, Slender Bladderpod

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lesquerella sessilis
Sessile Bladderpod

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Leucaena pulverulenta
Great Leadtree, Mexican Leadtree, Great Leucaena, Tepeguaje

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Leucaena retusa
Goldenball Leadtree, Littleleaf Leadtree, Little Leucaena, Lemonball, Wahoo Tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Leucophyllum frutescens
Cenizo, Purple Sage, Texas Ranger, Texas Barometer Bush, Texas Silverleaf, Texas Sage, Silverleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Leucophyllum minus
Big Bend Barometerbush, Big Bend Silverleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Leucospora multifida
Narrowleaf Paleseed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Liatris aspera
Tall Blazing Star, Tall Gayfeather, Tall Liatris, Rough Blazing Star, Rough Gayfeather, Rough Liatris, Button Snakeroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Liatris bracteata
Bracted Blazing Star, Bracted Gayfeather, Bracted Liatris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Liatris elegans
Pink-scale Blazing Star, Pink-scale Gayfeather, Pink-scale Liatris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Liatris elegans var. carizzana
Pink-scale Blazing Star, Pink-scale Gayfeather, Pink-scale Liatris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Liatris punctata
Dotted Blazing Star, Dotted Gayfeather, Dotted Liatris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Liatris pycnostachya
Prairie Blazing Star, Prairie Gayfeather, Prairie Liatris, Kansas Blazing Star, Kansas Gayfeather, Kansas Liatris, Cat-tail Blazing Star, Cat-tail Gayfeather, Cat-tail Liatris, Hairy Button-snakeroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Limnodea arkansana
Ozark Grass, Ozarkgrass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Limnosciadium pinnatum
Tansy Dogshade

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Limonium carolinianum
Carolina Sealavender, Sea Lavender

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Lindera benzoin
Northern Spicebush, Spicebush, Wild Allspice

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Lindernia dubia
Yellowseed False Pimpernel

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lindheimera texana
Texas Yellowstar, Texas Star, Texas Yellow-star, Lindheimer Daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Linum alatum
Winged Flax

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Linum berlandieri
Berlandier's Yellow Flax

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Linum berlandieri var. berlandieri
Berlandier's Yellow Flax, Yellow Flax, Stiff-stem Flax

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Linum berlandieri var. filifolium
Berlandier's Yellow Flax

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Linum hudsonioides
Hudson Flax, Texas Flax, Yellow Flax

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Linum imbricatum
Tufted Flax

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Linum medium
Stiff Yellow Flax

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Linum medium var. texanum
Stiff Yellow Flax

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Linum rupestre
Rock Flax

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Linum sulcatum
Grooved Flax, Yellow Prairie Flax

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lippia alba
Bushy Lippia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Lippia graveolens
Mexican Oregano, Redbrush Lippia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lithospermum incisum
Fringed Puccoon, Golden Puccoon, Narrowleaf Puccoon, Narrow-leaved Puccoon, Puccoon, Narrowleaf Gromwell, Fringed Gromwell, Narrowleaf Stoneseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lithospermum matamorense
Rough Stoneseed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lithospermum mirabile
San Antonio Stoneseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lobelia berlandieri var. brachypoda
Berlandier's Lobelia, Blue Lobelia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lobelia cardinalis
Cardinal Flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Loeflingia squarrosa
Spreading Pygmyleaf

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lonicera albiflora
Western White Honeysuckle, White Shrub Honeysuckle, White Bush Honeysuckle, White Limestone Honeysuckle, Texas Honeysuckle, White Honeysuckle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Lophophora williamsii
Peyote

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Ludwigia alternifolia
Seedbox

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Ludwigia decurrens
Wingleaf Primrose-willow

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ludwigia glandulosa
Cylindric-fruit Primrose-willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ludwigia linearis
Narrowleaf Primrose-willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ludwigia octovalvis
Mexican Primrose-willow, Narrow-leaf Water Primrose, Seedbox, Mexican Primrose Willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ludwigia octovalvis ssp. octovalvis
Mexican Primrose-willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Ludwigia palustris
Marsh Seedbox, Water Purslane

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Ludwigia peploides
Floating Primrose-willow, Water-primrose, Creeping Water-primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Ludwigia repens
Creeping Primrose-willow, Floating Primrose-willow, Water Primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lupinus subcarnosus
Texas Bluebonnet, Sandyland Bluebonnet

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Lupinus texensis
Texas Bluebonnet, Bluebonnet, Texas Lupine, Buffalo Clover, Wolf Flower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lycium berlandieri
Berlandier's Wolfberry, Wolfberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Lycium carolinianum
Carolina Wolfberry, Carolina Desert-thorn, Creeping Wolfberry, Christmas Berry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Lycium carolinianum var. quadrifidum
Carolina Wolfberry, Creeping Wolfberry, Carolina Desert-thorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Lygodesmia texana
Texas Skeleton Plant, Texas Skeleton Weed, Skeleton-plant, Purple Dandelion, Flowering Straw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lythrum alatum
Winged Lythrum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Lythrum alatum var. lanceolatum
Winged Lythrum, Lance-leaf Loosestrife

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lythrum californicum
California Loosestrife

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Lythrum ovalifolium
Low Loosestrife, Stream Loosestrife

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Machaeranthera pinnatifida
Lacy Tansyaster, Yellow Spiny Daisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Machaeranthera pinnatifida ssp. pinnatifida
Lacy Tansyaster, Yellow Spiny Daisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Machaeranthera pinnatifida ssp. pinnatifida var. pinnatifida
Lacy Tansyaster, Yellow Spiny Daisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Mahonia swaseyi
Texas Barberry, Texas Oregon-grape

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Mahonia trifoliolata
Agarita, Agarito, Algerita, Laredo Mahonia, Laredo Oregon-grape, Trifoliate Barberry, Wild Currant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Malachra capitata
Malva De Caballo

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Malpighia glabra
Barbados Cherry, Wild Crapemyrtle, Acerola, Manzanita

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Malvastrum americanum
Indian Valley False Mallow

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Malvastrum aurantiacum
Wright's False Mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Malvaviscus arboreus
Turkscap, Wax Mallow, Bleeding Hearts, Mexican Apple, Manzanita

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Malvaviscus arboreus var. drummondii
Turk's Cap, Drummond's Turk's Cap, Drummond Turk's Cap, Wax Mallow, Drummond's Wax Mallow, Drummond Wax Mallow, Red Mallow, Texas Mallow, Mexican Apple, Sleeping Hibiscus, Bleeding Hearts, Manzanita

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Malvella sagittifolia
Arrow-leaf Mallow, Arrowleaf Mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mammillaria heyderi
Little Nipple Cactus, Heyder Pincushion Cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Mammillaria lasiacantha
Lacespine Nipple Cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Mammillaria prolifera var. texana
Texas Nipple Cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Mandevilla lanuginosa
Plateau Rocktrumpet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Mandevilla macrosiphon
Plateau Rocktrumpet, Longtube Trumpet Flower, Flor De San Juan, Rock Trumpet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Manfreda longiflora
Longflower Tuberose, Amole De Rã­O, Runyon's Huaco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Manfreda maculosa
False Aloe, Spice Lily, Spice-lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Manfreda sileri
Siler's Tuberose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Manfreda variegata
Mottled Tuberose, Huaco, Texas Tuberose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Manihot walkerae
Walker's Manioc, Walker's Manihot, Texas Tapioca

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Marshallia caespitosa
Barbara's-buttons, Puffballs, White Barbara's-buttons

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Marshallia caespitosa var. signata
Marked Barbara's-buttons, Marked Barbara's Buttons, Puffballs

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Marsilea macropoda
Bigfoot Water-clover, Water-clover, Clover-fern, Largefoot Pepperwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Marsilea vestita
Hairy Water-clover, Hairy Waterclover, Hairy Water Clover, Clover Fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Matelea biflora
Purple Milkweed Vine, Star Milkvine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Matelea cynanchoides
Prairie Milkvine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Matelea edwardsensis
Plateau Milkvine, Plateau Milkweed Vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Matelea gonocarpos
Anglepod, Angularfruit Milkvine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Matelea parviflora
Smallflower Milkvine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light:
Water:

Matelea radiata
Farfurrias Milkvine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Matelea reticulata
Pearl Milkweed Vine, Netted Milkvine, Green Milkweed Vine, Net Vein Milkvine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Matelea sagittifolia
Arrowleaf Milkvine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Vine
Light:
Water:

Maurandella antirrhiniflora
Snapdragon Vine , Roving Sailor, Climbing Snapdragon, Little Snapdragon Vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Mecardonia procumbens
Baby Jump-up

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Melampodium cinereum
Hoary Blackfoot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Melampodium cinereum var. hirtellum
Hoary Blackfoot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Melampodium leucanthum
Blackfoot Daisy, Rock Daisy, Plains Blackfoot, Arnica

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Melica nitens
Three-flower Melic, Tall Melicgrass, Threeflower Melicgrass, Melicgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Melochia pyramidata
Pyramidflower, Broom-wood, Pyramid Flower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Melochia tomentosa
Teabush, Pyramid Bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub, Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Melothria pendula
Guadeloupe Cucumber, Meloncito, Speckled Gourd

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Melothria pendula var. pendula
Guadeloupe Cucumber

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light:
Water:

Menodora heterophylla
Low Menodora, Redbud, Twinpod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Menodora longiflora
Showy Menodora, Twinpod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Menodora scabra
Rough Menodora

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Mentzelia albescens
Wavyleaf Blazingstar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mentzelia multiflora
Adonis Blazingstar, Prairie Stickleaf, Blazingstar

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mentzelia nuda
Bractless Blazingstar, Sand Lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mentzelia oligosperma
Stick-leaf, Chickenthief

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Mentzelia reverchonii
Reverchon's Blazingstar, Reverchon's Stick-leaf, Prairie Stickleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Merremia dissecta
Alamo Vine, Noyau Vine, Correhuela De Las Doce

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Meximalva filipes
Texasfan

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Mikania scandens
Climbing Hempvine, Climbing Hempweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Shade
Water: Wet

Mimosa aculeaticarpa
Catclaw Mimosa

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light:
Water:

Mimosa aculeaticarpa var. biuncifera
Catclaw Mimosa, Cat's-claw Mimosa, Wait-a-bit

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Mimosa borealis
Fragrant Mimosa, Pink Mimosa

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Mimosa latidens
Kairn's Sensitive Briar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mimosa roemeriana
Roemer's Mimosa, Sensitive Briar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Mimosa strigillosa
Powderpuff, Sunshine Mimosa, Sensitive Plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water: Moist, Dry

Mimosa texana
Texas Mimosa, Wherry Mimosa

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Mimulus alatus
Sharpwing Monkeyflower, Sharp-winged Monkeyflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mimulus glabratus
Roundleaf Monkeyflower, Yellow Monkeyflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mirabilis albida
White Four O'clock, Dwarf Four O'clock

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Mirabilis linearis
Narrowleaf Four O'Clock

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Mirabilis nyctaginea
Heartleaf Four O'Clock

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Mitreola petiolata
Lax Hornpod

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Modiola caroliniana
Carolina Bristlemallow, Carolina Modiola

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Mollugo verticillata
Green Carpetweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Monanthochloe littoralis
Shoregrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Monarda citriodora
Lemon Beebalm, Purple Horsemint, Lemon Mint, Plains Horsemint, Lemon Horsemint, Horsemint, Purple Lemon Mint

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Monarda clinopodioides
Basil Beebalm

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Monarda fistulosa
Wild Bergamot, Beebalm

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Monarda fruticulosa
Shrubby Beebalm, Shrubby Horsemint, Spotted Beebalm

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Monarda punctata
Spotted Beebalm, Spotted Horsemint, Horsemint

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Monarda punctata ssp. punctata var. lasiodonta
Spotted Beebalm

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Monarda russeliana
Redpurple Beebalm

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Monolepis nuttalliana
Nuttall's Povertyweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Monotropa hypopitys
Pinesap

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Morella cerifera
Wax Myrtle , Southern Wax Myrtle, Southern Bayberry, Eastern Bayberry, Bayberry, Candleberry, Tallow Shrub

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Mortonia greggii
Gregg's Saddlebush, Afinador

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Mortonia sempervirens
Rio Grande Saddlebush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Morus microphylla
Texas Mulberry, Littleleaf Mulberry, Mountain Mulberry, Mexican Mulberry, Dwarf Mulberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Morus rubra
Red Mulberry, Moral

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Muhlenbergia capillaris
Gulf Muhly, Hair-awn Muhly, Hairy-awn Muhly, Hair Grass, Pink Muhly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Muhlenbergia lindheimeri
Lindheimer's Muhly, Lindheimer Muhly, Big Muhly, Blue Muhly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Muhlenbergia porteri
Bush Muhly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Muhlenbergia spiciformis
Longawn Muhly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Najas guadalupensis
Common Water Nymph, Southern Water Nymph, Najas

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Nama havardii
Havard's Fiddleleaf

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Nama hispidum
Sand Bells, Bristly Nama, Sand-bell

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Nama jamaicense
Jamaicanweed, Jamaican Weed, Fiddleleaf Nama

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Nama parvifolium
Small-leaf Fiddleleaf

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Nassella leucotricha
Texas Wintergrass, Texas Speargrass, Wintergrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Neeragrostis reptans
Creeping Lovegrass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Nekemias arborea
Peppervine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Nemastylis geminiflora
Prairie Celestials, Celestials, Prairie Pleatleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Nemophila phacelioides
Texas Baby Blue Eyes, Large-flower Baby-blue-eyes, Baby Blue-eyes, Flannel Breeches

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Neolloydia conoidea
Chihuahuan Beehive Cactus, Chihuahuan Beehive, Cone Cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Neptunia lutea
Yellow Sensitive Briar, Yellow Puff

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Neptunia pubescens
Tropical Puff

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Neptunia pubescens var. microcarpa
Tropical Puff

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Nerisyrenia camporum
Bicolor Fanmustard, Mesa Greggia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Nicotiana obtusifolia
Desert Tobacco, Little Tobacco, Tabaquillo, Punche

Duration: Annual, Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Nicotiana obtusifolia var. obtusifolia
Desert Tobacco, Little Tobacco, Tabaquillo, Punche

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Nicotiana repanda
Fiddleleaf Tobacco, Fiddle-leaf Tobacco

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Nolina lindheimeriana
Devil's Shoestring, Devil's-shoestring, Ribbon Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Nolina texana
Texas Sacahuista, Texas Beargrass, Basket Grass, Sacahuista, Bunchgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Notholaena copelandii
Copeland's Cloakfern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light:
Water:

Notholaena standleyi
Star Cloak Fern, Northern Desert Star Cloakfern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Nothoscordum bivalve
Crow Poison, Crowpoison, False Garlic

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Nuphar lutea
Yellow Pond Lily, Yellow Cow Lily, Cow Lily, Spatter Dock, Wakas

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Nuphar lutea ssp. advena
Common Spatterdock, Spatterdock, Yellow Cow-lily, Cow-lily, Yellow Pond-lily, Brandy-bottle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Nuttallanthus texanus
Texas Toadflax, Texas Toad-flax, Toadflax

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Nyctaginia capitata
Devil's Bouquet, Scarlet Muskflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Nymphaea elegans
Tropical Royalblue Waterlily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Nymphoides aquatica
Big Floatingheart, Floating Hearts

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Oenothera calcicola
Texas Beeblossom, Limestoneâ Gaura

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Oenothera cinerea
Woolly Beeblossom, High Plains Beeblossom, Woolly Gaura, High Plains Gaura

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Oenothera cinerea ssp. parksii
Parks' Beeblossom, Woolly Butterfly-weed, Parks Gaura

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Oenothera curtiflora
Velvetweed, Velvetleaf Gaura, Lizard-tail Gaura, Willow Gaura

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oenothera drummondii
Beach Evening-primrose, Beach Evening Primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Oenothera engelmannii
Engelmann's Evening-primrose, Engelmann Evening Primrose

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oenothera filiformis
Longflower Beeblossom, Longflower Gaura, Large-flowered Gaura, Kearney Gaura, Tall Gaura

Duration: Annual, Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oenothera grandis
Largeflower Eveningprimrose, Showy Evening-primrose, Showy Eveningprimrose

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oenothera heterophylla
Variable-leaf Evening-primrose

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oenothera kunthiana
Kunth's Evening-primrose

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oenothera laciniata
Cutleaf Evening-primrose, Cut-leaved Evening Primrose

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Oenothera linifolia
Threadleaf Evening-primrose

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oenothera mexicana
Mexican Evening Primrose

Duration: Annual, Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oenothera patriciae
Plains Beeblossom, Plains Gaura

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oenothera sinuosa
Wavyleaf Beeblossom, Wavyleaf Gaura

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oenothera speciosa
Pink Evening Primrose, Showy Evening Primrose, Mexican Evening Primrose, Showy Primrose, Pink Ladies, Buttercups, Pink Buttercups

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Oenothera suffrutescens
Scarlet Beeblossom, Scarlet Gaura

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Oenothera suffulta
Kisses, Wild Honeysuckle, Beeblossom, Roadside Gaura

Duration: Annual
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Oenothera tetraptera
Fourwing Evening Primrose

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oenothera triloba
Stemless Evening-primrose, Stemless Evening Primrose

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Oenothera xerogaura
Drummond's Beeblossom, Drummond's Gaura

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oldenlandia uniflora
Clustered Mille Graines

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Oligomeris linifolia
Lineleaf Whitepuff

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oligoneuron rigidum
Stiff Goldenrod, Hard-leaf Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Omphalodes aliena
Mexican Navelwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Onoclea sensibilis
Sensitive Fern, Bead Fern, Sympathy Fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Onosmodium bejariense
Soft-hair Marbleseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Dry

Onosmodium bejariense var. bejariense
Soft-hair Marbleseed, False Gromwell

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Oplismenus hirtellus
Basketgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Oplismenus hirtellus ssp. setarius
Basketgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Opuntia atrispina
Border Pricklypear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light:
Water:

Opuntia engelmannii
Cactus Apple, Prickly Pear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Opuntia engelmannii var. lindheimeri
Texas Prickly Pear, Lindheimer's Prickly Pear, Lindheimer Prickly Pear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Opuntia humifusa
Low Prickly Pear, Smooth Prickly Pear, Devil's Tongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Opuntia macrocentra
Purple Pricklypear, Purple Prickly Pear, Long-spined Prickly Pear, Black Spine Prickly Pear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Opuntia macrocentra var. macrocentra
Purple Pricklypear, Purple Prickly Pear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Opuntia phaeacantha
Tulip Prickly Pear, Brownspine Prickly Pear Cactus, Purple-fruited Prickly Pear, Brown-spined Prickly Pear, New Mexico Prickly Pear, Desert Prickly Pear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Orobanche ludoviciana
Louisiana Broomrape

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Orobanche ludoviciana ssp. multiflora
Manyflower Broomrape

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Osmunda cinnamomea
Cinnamon Fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Osmunda cinnamomea var. cinnamomea
Cinnamon Fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light:
Water:

Oxalis albicans
Radishroot Woodsorrel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Oxalis dichondrifolia
Peonyleaf Woodsorrel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oxalis dillenii
Slender Yellow Wood Sorrel, Yellow Wood Sorrel, Yellow Woodsorrel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oxalis drummondii
Drummond's Wood-sorrel, Large-leaf Wood-sorrel, Drummond's Woodsorrel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Oxalis violacea
Violet Woodsorrel, Violet Wood-sorrel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Packera tampicana
Yellowtop, Great Plains Ragwort, Butterweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Palafoxia callosa
Small Palafox, Small Palafoxia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Palafoxia hookeriana
Sand Palafox, Showy Palafox, Hooker Palafoxia, Sand Palafoxia, Hooker's Palafoxia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Palafoxia rosea
Rosy Palafox, Rose Palafoxia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Palafoxia rosea var. macrolepis
Rosy Palafox

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Palafoxia texana
Texas Palafox

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Palafoxia texana var. ambigua
Texas Palafox

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Panicum amarum
Bitter Panicgrass, Beachgrass, Coastal Panic Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Panicum dichotomiflorum
Fall Panicgrass, Fall Panic Grass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Panicum diffusum
West Indian Panicgrass, West Indian Panic Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Panicum hallii
Hall's Panicgrass, Hall's Panic Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Panicum obtusum
Vine Mesquite

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Panicum rigidulum
Redtop Panicgrass, Redtop Panic Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Panicum virgatum
Switchgrass, Wand Panic Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Panicum virgatum var. virgatum
Switchgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Pappophorum bicolor
Pink Pappasgrass, Pink Pappusgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Pappophorum vaginatum
Whiplash Pappusgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Parietaria floridana
Florida Pellitory

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Parietaria pensylvanica
Pennsylvania Pellitory, Pennsylvania Cucumber Plant

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Parkinsonia aculeata
Retama, Paloverde, Mexican Paloverde, Jerusalem Thorn, Horsebean, Lluvia De Oro

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Parkinsonia texana
Texas Paloverde, Border Paloverde, Retama China

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Parkinsonia texana var. macra
Texas Paloverde, Border Paloverde

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Parkinsonia texana var. texana
Palo-verde, Texas Palo-verde, Texas Paloverde

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Paronychia drummondii
Drummond's Nailwort

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Paronychia jamesii
James' Nailwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Paronychia jonesii
Jones' Nailwort

Duration: Annual, Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Paronychia lindheimeri
Forked Nailwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Paronychia lundelliorum
Lundell's Nailwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Parthenium confertum
Gray's Feverfew

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Parthenium incanum
Mariola

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Parthenocissus quinquefolia
Virginia Creeper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Paspalidium geminatum
Egyptian Panicgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Paspalum distichum
Knotgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Paspalum langei
Rustyseed Paspalum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Paspalum monostachyum
Gulfdune Paspalum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Paspalum plicatulum
Brownseed Paspalum, Brownseed Paspale

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Paspalum pubiflorum
Hairyseed Paspalum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Passiflora affinis
Bracted Passionflower, Passion Flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Passiflora foetida
Corona De Cristo, Fetid Passionflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Passiflora foetida var. gossypiifolia
Cottonleaf Passionflower, Corona De Cristo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Passiflora tenuiloba
Bird Wing Passionflower, Birdwing Passionflower, Slender-lobe Passionflower, Spread Lobe Passionflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Pavonia lasiopetala
Rock Rose, Rose Pavonia, Rose Mallow, Pavonia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Pectis angustifolia
Limoncillo, Lemonscent, Crownseed Pectis, Lemon-scented Pectis, Lemonscent Pectis, Lemonweed, Chinchweed, Fetid Marigold

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Pectis angustifolia var. fastigiata
Lemonscent

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pediomelum cuspidatum
Indian-turnip, Largebract Indian Breadroot, Tall Scurfy Pea, Tall-bread Scurf-pea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pediomelum rhombifolium
Gulf Indian Breadroot, Brown-flowered Psoralea, Round-leaf Scurf-pea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pellaea atropurpurea
Purple Cliffbrake

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light:
Water: Dry

Pellaea ovata
Ovateleaf Cliffbrake, Ovate-leaf Cliffbrake

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Sun
Water:

Pellaea wrightiana
Wright's Cliffbrake Fern, Wright's Cliffbrake

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light:
Water:

Peniocereus greggii
Nightblooming Cereus, Night-blooming Cereus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light:
Water:

Peniocereus greggii var. greggii
Nightblooming Cereus, Night-blooming-cereus, Queen Of The Night

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Penstemon baccharifolius
Rock Penstemon, Rock Beardtongue, Cut-leaf Penstemon, Cut-leaf Beardtongue, Baccharis-leaf Penstemon, Baccharis-leaf Beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Penstemon cobaea
Prairie Penstemon, Prairie Beardtongue, Foxglove Penstemon, Foxglove Beardtongue, False Foxglove, Large-flowered Penstemon, Large-flowered Beardtongue, Cobaea Penstemon, Cobaea Beardtongue, Wild Foxglove

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Penstemon digitalis
Mississippi Penstemon, Mississippi Beardtongue, Smooth White Penstemon, Smooth White Beardtongue, Talus Slope Penstemon, Talus Slope Beardtongue, Foxglove Penstemon, Foxglove Beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Penstemon fendleri
Fendler's Penstemon, Fendler's Beardtongue, Fendler Penstemon, Fendler Beardtongue, Purple Foxglove

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Penstemon jamesii
James's Penstemon, James's Beardtongue, James Penstemon, James Beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Penstemon laxiflorus
Nodding Penstemon, Nodding Beardtongue, Loose-flowered Penstemon, Loose-flowered Beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Penstemon triflorus
Hill Country Penstemon, Hill Country Beardtongue, Scarlet Penstemon, Scarlet Beardtongue, Heller's Penstemon, Heller's Beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Penstemon triflorus ssp. integrifolius
Heller's Penstemon, Heller's Beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Penstemon triflorus ssp. triflorus
Heller's Penstemon, Heller's Beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Penstemon tubaeflorus
White Wand Penstemon, White Wand Beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Perityle angustifolia
Narrow-leaved Rockdaisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Perityle lindheimeri
Lindheimer's Rockdaisy, Rock Daisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Perityle lindheimeri var. halimifolia
Lindheimer's Rockdaisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Persea borbonia
Redbay, Red Bay, Sweet Bay, Silk Bay, Red Bay Persea, Laurel Tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Petiveria alliacea
Guinea Hen Weed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Phacelia congesta
Caterpillars, Blue Curls, Fiddleneck

Duration: Annual, Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Phacelia hirsuta
Fuzzy Phacelia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phacelia laxa
Coastal Phacelia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phacelia patuliflora
Sand Phacelia, Sand Scorpionweed, Blue Phacelia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Phacelia patuliflora var. austrotexana
South Texas Sand Phacelia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phacelia patuliflora var. patuliflora
Sand Phacelia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phacelia patuliflora var. teucriifolia
Sand Phacelia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phalaris caroliniana
Carolina Canarygrass, Maygrass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Phaulothamnus spinescens
Devilqueen, Snake-eyes

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Phemeranthus aurantiacus
Orange Flameflower, Flameflower, Fameflower, Talinum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Phemeranthus calycinus
Largeflower Flameflower, Largeflower Fameflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Phemeranthus parviflorus
Sunbright, Dwarf Flameflower, Prairie Flameflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Philadelphus pubescens
Hoary Mock Orange

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Philadelphus texensis
Texas Mock Orange

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Phlox cuspidata
Pointed Phlox

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phlox drummondii
Annual Phlox, Drummond Phlox, Pride-of-Texas, Texas Pride

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Phlox drummondii ssp. drummondii
Annual Phlox

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phlox drummondii ssp. mcallisteri
Mcallister's Phlox, Drummond Phlox

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phlox glabriflora
Rio Grande Phlox

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phlox glabriflora ssp. littoralis
Rio Grande Phlox

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phlox pilosa
Downy Phlox, Prairie Phlox, Fragrant Phlox

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Phlox pilosa ssp. pilosa
Downy Phlox, Fragrant Phlox, Prairie Phlox

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Phlox roemeriana
Goldeneye Phlox, Golden-eye Phlox

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Phoradendron tomentosum
Christmas Mistletoe, Mistletoe, Injerto

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Phragmites australis
Common Reed, Phragmites

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Phyla cuneifolia
Wedgeleaf, Wedgeleaf Frogfruit, Wedgeleaf Fogfruit

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Phyla lanceolata
Lanceleaf Frogfruit, Lanceleaf Fogfruit

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phyla nodiflora
Texas Frogfruit, Turkey Tangle Fogfruit, Frogfruit

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Phyllanthus abnormis
Drummond's Leaf-flower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phyllanthus polygonoides
Smartweed Leaf-flower, Knotweed Leafflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Physalis angulata
Cutleaf Groundcherry

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Physalis cinerascens
Smallflower Groundcherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Physalis cinerascens var. cinerascens
Smallflower Groundcherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Physalis hederifolia
Ivyleaf Groundcherry, Ivy-leaf Groundcherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Physalis heterophylla
Clammy Groundcherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Dry

Physalis longifolia
Longleaf Groundcherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Physalis mollis
Field Groundcherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Physalis mollis var. variovestita
Field Groundcherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Physalis pubescens
Husk Tomato, Downy Ground-cherry, Downy Groundcherry

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Physalis virginiana
Virginia Groundcherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Physostegia correllii
Correll's False Dragonhead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Physostegia intermedia
Spring Obedient Plant, Marsh Obedient Plant, Slender False Dragonhead, Intermediate False Dragonhead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Physostegia pulchella
Beautiful False Dragon-head, Showy False Dragonhead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Pinaropappus roseus
White Rocklettuce, White Dandelion, Pink Dandelion, White Rock Lettuce

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pinus remota
Papershell Pinyon, Remote Pinyon Pine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Pistacia mexicana
Mexican Pistachio, Texas Pistachio, American Pistachio, Copal Pistachio, Wild Pistachio, Lentisco, Texas Pistache

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Pistia stratiotes
Water Lettuce

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Plantago aristata
Largebracted Plantain, Buckthorn

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Plantago helleri
Heller's Plantain, Cedar Plantain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Plantago heterophylla
Slender Plantain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Plantago hookeriana
California Plantain, Tallow Weed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Plantago patagonica
Woolly Plantain, Bristle-bract Plantain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Plantago rhodosperma
Redseed Plantain, Red-seeded Plantain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Plantago virginica
Virginia Plantain, Paleseed Indian-wheat, Dwarf Plantain, Paleseed Plantain, Hoary Plantain, Southern Plantain

Duration: Annual, Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Plantago wrightiana
Wright's Plantain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Platanus occidentalis
American Sycamore, Eastern Sycamore, American Plane Tree, Plane Tree, Buttonwood, Buttonball Tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Pleopeltis polypodioides
Resurrection Fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern, Vine
Light:
Water:

Pleopeltis polypodioides ssp. michauxiana
Resurrection Fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light:
Water:

Pleuraphis mutica
Tobosagrass, Tobosa Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Pluchea odorata
Sweetscent, Saltmarsh Fleabane

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Pluchea odorata var. odorata
Sweetscent, Marsh Fleabane, Southern Marsh Fleabane

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Plumbago scandens
Doctorbush, Summer Snow Plumbago, Mexican Plumbago

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Poa bigelovii
Bigelow's Bluegrass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Polanisia dodecandra
Redwhisker Clammyweed, Clammyweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polanisia dodecandra ssp. trachysperma
Clammy-weed, Clammyweed, Sandyseed Clammyweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Polanisia erosa
Large Clammyweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polanisia erosa ssp. breviglandulosa
Large Clammyweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polygala alba
White Milkwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Polygala incarnata
Procession Flower, Pink Milkwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Polygala lindheimeri
Shrubby Milkwort, Purple Milkwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Polygala lindheimeri var. lindheimeri
Shrubby Milkwort, Purple Milkwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Polygala macradenia
Glandleaf Milkwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Polygala ovatifolia
Eggleaf Milkwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Polygala sanguinea
Purple Milkwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Polygala verticillata
Whorled Milkwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Polygonella parksii
Parks' Jointweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Polygonum glabrum
Denseflower Knotweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polygonum hydropiperoides
Swamp Smartweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Polygonum lapathifolium
Curlytop Knotweed, Curl-top Smartweed, Pale Smartweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polygonum pensylvanicum
Pennsylvania Smartweed, Pink Smartweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Polygonum punctatum
Dotted Smartweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Polypremum procumbens
Juniper Leaf, Rustweed

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polytaenia nuttallii
Nuttall's Prairie Parsley, Prairie Parsley, Wild Dill, Prairie Parsnip

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Polytaenia texana
Texas Prairie Parsley, Texas-parsley, Texas Parsley

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Populus deltoides
Eastern Cottonwood, Carolina Poplar, Necklace Poplar, Alamo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Populus deltoides ssp. deltoides
Eastern Cottonwood, Southern Cottonwood, Carolina Poplar, Eastern Poplar, Necklace Poplar, Alamo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Porophyllum scoparium
Trans-pecos Poreleaf, Poreleaf, Shrubby Poreleaf, Hierba del Venado, Jarilla, Pomerillo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Portulaca pilosa
Kiss Me Quick, Chisme

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Portulaca umbraticola
Wingpod Purslane, Purslane

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Portulaca umbraticola ssp. umbraticola
Wingpod Purslane

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Potamogeton illinoensis
Illinois Pondweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Potamogeton nodosus
Knotty Pondweed, Longleaf Pondweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Potamogeton pusillus
Small Pondweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Proboscidea louisianica
Louisiana Devil's-claw, Devil's-claw, Ram's-horn, Unicorn Plant, Proboscis Flower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Proboscidea louisianica ssp. louisianica
Ram's Horn, Devil's Claw, Unicorn Plant, Ram's Horn

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Prosopis glandulosa
Honey Mesquite, Glandular Mesquite, Algarroba

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Prosopis reptans
Tornillo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub, Vine
Light:
Water:

Prunella vulgaris
Common Selfheal

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Prunus angustifolia
Chickasaw Plum, Sandhill Plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Prunus mexicana
Mexican Plum, Bigtree Plum, Inch Plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Prunus minutiflora
Texas Almond, Texas Wild Almond, Dwarf Plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Prunus rivularis
River Plum, Creek Plum, Hog Plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Prunus serotina
Black Cherry, Wild Black Cherry, Rum Cherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Prunus serotina var. eximia
Escarpment Black Cherry, Edwards Plateau Black Cherry, Escarpment Cherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Pseudognaphalium obtusifolium
Sweet Everlasting, Rabbit-tobacco, Fragrant Cudweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pseudognaphalium obtusifolium ssp. obtusifolium
Blunt-leaf Rabbit-tobacco, Rabbit Tobacco, Sweet Everlasting, Fragrant Cudweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Pseudognaphalium stramineum
Cottonbatting Plant

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Psilostrophe gnaphalioides
Dudweed

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Psilostrophe tagetina
Woolly Paperflower, Paperflower

Duration: Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Psilostrophe tagetina var. cerifera
Woolly Paperflower, Plains Paperflower, Hairy Paperflower

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ptelea trifoliata
Wafer Ash, Common Hoptree, Hop Tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Ptelea trifoliata ssp. trifoliata
Baldwin Hop-tree, Common Hoptree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Pterocaulon virgatum
Wand Blackroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Pycnanthemum albescens
Whiteleaf Mountain Mint

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Pycnanthemum tenuifolium
Narrowleaf Mountain Mint, Slender Mountain Mint, Common Horsemint

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Pyrrhopappus grandiflorus
Tuberous Desert-chicory

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pyrrhopappus pauciflorus
Smallflower Desert-chicory, Texas Dandelion, False Dandelion

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Quercus buckleyi
Texas Red Oak, Buckley Oak, Texas Oak, Spanish Oak, Spotted Oak, Rock Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus fusiformis
Escarpment Live Oak, Plateau Live Oak, Hill Country Live Oak, Texas Live Oak, Scrub Live Oak, Plateau Oak, Encino Molino, Tesmoli

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus gravesii
Chisos Red Oak, Graves Oak, Mountain Red Oak, Rock Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus laceyi
Lacey Oak, Texas Blue Oak, Canyon Oak, Smoky Oak, Rock Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus margaretta
Sand Post Oak, Runner Oak, Drummond Post Oak, Dwarf Post Oak, Scrubby Post Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Quercus marilandica
Blackjack Oak, Barren Oak, Black Oak, Jack Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus mohriana
Mohr Oak, Shin Oak, Scrub Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus muehlenbergii
Chinkapin Oak, Chinquapin Oak, Chestnut Oak, Yellow Chestnut Oak, Rock Chestnut Oak, Yellow Oak, Rock Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus polymorpha
Mexican White Oak, Netleaf White Oak, Monterrey Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Quercus sinuata
Bastard Oak, Durand Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Quercus sinuata var. breviloba
White Shin Oak, Bigelow Oak, Scaly-bark Oak, Limestone Durand Oak, Shortlobe Oak, Bastard Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus virginiana
Coastal Live Oak, Southern Live Oak, Virginia Live Oak, Live Oak, Encino

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Quincula lobata
Purple Groundcherry, Chinese Lantern, Purple Ground Cherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Randia rhagocarpa
Crucillo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Ranunculus abortivus
Littleleaf Buttercup, Kidney-leaf Buttercup, Early Wood Buttercup

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Ranunculus fascicularis
Early Buttercup, Tufted Buttercup, Prairie Buttercup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water:

Ranunculus hispidus
Bristly Buttercup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Ranunculus hispidus var. nitidus
Bristly Buttercup, Buttercup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ranunculus sceleratus
Cursed Buttercup

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Ranunculus sceleratus var. sceleratus
Cursed Buttercup

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ratibida columnifera
Mexican Hat, Red-spike Mexican Hat, Upright Prairie Coneflower, Prairie Coneflower, Long-headed Coneflower, Thimbleflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Ratibida peduncularis
Naked Mexican Hat, Naked Prairie Coneflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Rayjacksonia phyllocephala
Camphor Daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rhexia mariana
Maryland Meadow Beauty, Pale Meadow Beauty

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Rhus glabra
Smooth Sumac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Rhus microphylla
Littleleaf Sumac, Desert Sumac, Correosa, Agritos

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Rhus trilobata
Skunkbush, Skunkbush Sumac, Fragrant Sumac, Aromatic Sumac, Scented Sumac, Ill-scented Sumac, Basketbush, Squawbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Rhus trilobata var. pilosissima
Downy Fragrant Sumac, Downy Aromatic Sumac, Pubescent Skunkbush Sumac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Rhus trilobata var. trilobata
Skunkbush Sumac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Rhus virens
Evergreen Sumac, Tobacco Sumac, Lambrisco, Lentrisco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Rhynchosia americana
American Snoutbean

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light:
Water:

Rhynchosia minima
Least Snoutbean

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Rhynchosia senna
Texas Snoutbean

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light:
Water:

Rhynchosia senna var. texana
Texas Snout-bean, Texas Snoutbean

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Rhynchosida physocalyx
Bladderpod Sida, Buffpetal, Beaked Sida

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rhynchospora colorata
Whitetop Sedge, White-topped Sedge, Starrush Whitetop, Star Sedge, Star Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Rhynchospora corniculata
Shortbristle Horned Beaksedge, Horned Beakrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Rhynchospora nitens
Shortbeak Beaksedge

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Rhynchospora nivea
Showy Whitetop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Richardia brasiliensis
Tropical Mexican Clover, Brazil Pusley

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Richardia tricocca
Prairie Mexican Clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rivina humilis
Pigeonberry, Rouge Plant, Baby-peppers, Bloodberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Robinia pseudoacacia
Black Locust

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Rorippa teres
Southern Marsh Yellowcress

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rosa carolina
Carolina Rose, Pasture Rose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Rosa carolina var. carolina
Carolina Rose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rosa setigera
Climbing Prairie Rose, Climbing Rose, Prairie Rose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rotala ramosior
Lowland Rotala

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Rubus trivialis
Southern Dewberry, Dewberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rudbeckia hirta
Black-eyed Susan, Common Black-eyed Susan, Brown-eyed Susan, Blackeyed Susan

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Ruellia davisiorum
Rio Grande Wild Petunia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Ruellia drummondiana
Drummond's Ruellia, Drummond's Wild Petunia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ruellia malacosperma
Softseed Wild Petunia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ruellia metziae
White Ruellia, Metz's Wild Petunia, Metz Wild Petunia, Wild White Petunia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Ruellia nudiflora
Violet Ruellia, Common Wild Petunia, Violet Wild Petunia, Wild Petunia, Hierba De La Calentura

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Ruellia nudiflora var. nudiflora
Violet Wild Petunia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ruellia nudiflora var. runyonii
Runyon's Wild Petunia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Ruellia occidentalis
Western Wild Petunia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Ruellia parryi
Parry's Wild Petunia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Ruellia yucatana
Yucatan Wild Petunia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rumex altissimus
Pale Dock

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rumex chrysocarpus
Amamastla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rumex hastatulus
Heart-wing Sorrel, Heartwing Sorrel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rumex maritimus
Golden Dock

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Rumex spiralis
Winged Dock

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ruppia maritima
Widgeongrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Sabal minor
Dwarf Palmetto, Bush Palmetto, Palmetto

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sabatia angularis
Rosepink, Rose-pink

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Sabatia arenicola
Sand Rose Gentian

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Sabatia campestris
Texas Star, Rose Gentian, Meadow Pink, Prairie Rose-gentian, Prairie Sabatia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Sagittaria calycina
Hooded Arrowhead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sagittaria longiloba
Longbarb Arrowhead, Flecha De Agua, Long-lobe Arrowhead, Long-barb Arrowhead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Sagittaria platyphylla
Delta Arrowhead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Salicornia bigelovii
Dwarf Saltwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Salicornia depressa
Virginia Glasswort, American Glasswort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Salix caroliniana
Coastal Plain Willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Salix exigua
Coyote Willow, Narrow-leaf Willow, Narrowleaf Willow, Sandbar Willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Salix gooddingii
Goodding's Willow, San Joaquin Willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Salix nigra
Black Willow, Gulf Black Willow, Swamp Willow, Sauz

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Salvia azurea
Pitcher Sage, Big Blue Sage, Azure Sage, Giant Blue Sage, Blue Sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Salvia azurea var. grandiflora
Pitcher Sage, Blue Sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Salvia ballotiflora
Shrubby Blue Sage, Blue Shrub Sage, Mejorana

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Salvia coccinea
Scarlet Sage, Tropical Sage, Blood Sage, Red Sage, Indian Fire

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Salvia engelmannii
Engelmann's Sage, Engelmann's Salvia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Salvia farinacea
Mealy Blue Sage, Mealy Sage, Mealycup Sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Salvia greggii
Autumn Sage, Cherry Sage, Gregg Salvia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Salvia lyrata
Lyreleaf Sage, Cancer Weed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Salvia roemeriana
Cedar Sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Salvia texana
Texas Sage, Blue Sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Salvia whitehousei
Clustered Sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Samolus ebracteatus
Limewater Brookweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Samolus ebracteatus ssp. cuneatus
Limerock Brookweed, Limewater Brookweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Samolus valerandi
Seaside Brookweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Samolus valerandi ssp. parviflorus
Seaside Brookweed, Water Pimpernel, Thin-leaf Brookweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Sanicula canadensis
Canadian Blacksnakeroot, Black Snakeroot

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sapindus saponaria
Wingleaf Soapberry, Soapberry, Wild China Tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Sapindus saponaria var. drummondii
Western Soapberry, Soapberry, Wild China Tree, Wild Chinaberry, Indian Soap Plant, Jaboncillo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Schaefferia cuneifolia
Desert Yaupon

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Schedonnardus paniculatus
Tumblegrass, Tumble Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Schizachyrium scoparium
Little Bluestem, Popotillo Azul

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Schoenocaulon drummondii
Green Feathershank, Green Lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Schoenocaulon texanum
Green Lily, Texas Feathershank, Texas Sabadilla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Schoenoplectus californicus
California Bulrush, California Club-rush, Giant Bulrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Schoenoplectus pungens
Common Threesquare, Chairmaker's-rush, American Bulrush, Threesquare Bulrush, Sharp Clubrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani
Softstem Bulrush, Soft-stem Club-rush, Great Bulrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Schoenus nigricans
Black Bog-rush, Black Bogrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Scleria triglomerata
Whip Nutrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Sclerocarpus uniserialis
Mexican Bonebract, Border Bonebract

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sclerocarpus uniserialis var. uniserialis
Mexican Bonebract

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Scleropogon brevifolius
Burrograss

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Scutellaria drummondii
Drummond's Skullcap

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Scutellaria drummondii var. drummondii
Drummond's Skullcap

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Scutellaria drummondii var. edwardsiana
Drummond's Skullcap

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Scutellaria parvula
Small Skullcap

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Scutellaria wrightii
Wright's Skullcap, Bushy Skullcap, Shrubby Skullcap

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sedum nuttallianum
Yellow Stonecrop

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Sedum wrightii
Wright's Stonecrop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Selaginella apoda
Meadow Spikemoss

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Selaginella lepidophylla
Flower Of Stone

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light:
Water:

Selaginella peruviana
Peruvian Spikemoss

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Selenia grandis
Large Selenia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Senecio ampullaceus
Texas Ragwort, Texas Groundsel, Texas Butterweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Senecio flaccidus
Threadleaf Ragwort, Threadleaf Groundsel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Senecio riddellii
Riddell's Ragwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Senegalia berlandieri
Guajillo, Berlandier Acacia, Berlandier's Acacia, Round-flowered Catclaw, Roundflower Catclaw, Mimosa Catclaw, Thornless Catclaw, Huajilla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Senegalia greggii
Gregg Acacia, Gregg's Acacia, Gregg Catclaw Acacia, Gregg's Catclaw Acacia, Gregg Catclaw, Gregg's Catclaw, Texas Catclaw Acacia, Texas Catclaw, Long-flowered Catclaw Acacia, Longflower Catclaw Acacia, Long-flowered Catclaw, Longflower Catclaw, Catclaw Acacia, Catclaw, Devil's Claw, Uña De Gato

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Senegalia roemeriana
Roemer Acacia, Roemer's Acacia, Roundflower Catclaw, Round-flowered Catclaw, Catclaw Acacia, Catclaw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Senegalia wrightii
Wright Acacia, Wright's Acacia, Catclaw Acacia, Catclaw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Senna bauhinioides
Twinleaf Senna, Twinleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Senna lindheimeriana
Lindheimer's Senna, Velvet Leaf Senna, Velvetleaf Senna, Velvet-leaf Wild Sensitive-plant, Puppy-dog Ears

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Senna pumilio
Dwarf Senna

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Senna roemeriana
Twoleaf Senna, Two Leaved Senna

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Senna wislizeni
Canyon Senna, Shrubby Senna, Dwarf Senna, Wislizenus's Senna, Wislizenus's Wild Sensitive-plant, Carrozo, Pinacate, Palo Prieto, Pinacatillo, Hojasén, Ejotillo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Serjania brachycarpa
Littlefruit Slipplejack, Serjania

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Sesbania drummondii
Rattlebush, Rattlebox, Poisonbean

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Sesbania herbacea
Coffeeweed, Bigpod Sesbania

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Sesuvium portulacastrum
Shoreline Seapurslane, Sea Purslane, Cenicilla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Sesuvium verrucosum
Verrucose Seapurslane, Western Sea Purslane

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Setaria grisebachii
Grisebach's Bristlegrass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Setaria leucopila
Streambed Bristlegrass, Plains Bristlegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Setaria parviflora
Marsh Bristlegrass, Knotroot Bristlegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Setaria reverchonii
Reverchon's Bristlegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Setaria reverchonii ssp. ramiseta
Rio Grande Bristlegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Setaria scheelei
Southwestern Bristlegrass, Scheele's Bristlegrass, Scheele's Foxtail Grass, Foxtail Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Setaria texana
Texas Bristlegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Seymeria texana
Texas Blacksenna

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sibara virginica
Virginia Winged Rockcress

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sicyos angulatus
One-seed Burr Cucumber, Star Cucumber

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Sida ciliaris
Bracted Fanpetals, Bracted Sida

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sida lindheimeri
Lindheimer's Sida, Showy Fanpetals

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sida longipes
Stockflower Fanpetals

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Sida spinosa
Prickly Fanpetals

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Sideroxylon celastrinum
Saffron Plum, Coma Saffron Plum, La Coma, Coma, Milk Buckthorn, Tropical Buckthorn, Downward Plum, Antswood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Sideroxylon lanuginosum
Gum Bumelia, Gum Bully, Woollybucket Bumelia, Woolly Bumelia, Gum Woollybucket, Woolly Buckthorn, Chittamwood, Shittamwood, Gum Elastic, Coma, Black Haw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Sideroxylon lanuginosum ssp. rigidum
Gum Bully, Brazos Bumelia, Black Haw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Silene antirrhina
Sleepy Silene, Sleepy Catchfly

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Silphium radula
Roughstem Rosinweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Simsia calva
Awnless Bush Sunflower, Bush Sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Sisyrinchium biforme
Wiry Blue-eyed Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sisyrinchium chilense
Sword-leaf Blue-eyed Grass, Swordleaf Blue-eyed Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sisyrinchium langloisii
Roadside Blue-eyed Grass, Dotted Blue-eyed Grass, Southern Blue-eyed Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Sisyrinchium minus
Dwarf Blue-eyed-grass, Pink-eyed-grass, Pink Blue-eyed-grass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Smilax bona-nox
Sawbriar, Saw Greenbriar, Catbriar, Bullbriar, Stretchberry Vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Solanum campechiense
Redberry Nightshade

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Solanum carolinense
Carolina Horsenettle, Carolina Horse-nettle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solanum dimidiatum
Western Horsenettle, Western Horse-nettle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solanum douglasii
Greenspot Nightshade

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Solanum elaeagnifolium
Silverleaf Nightshade, Silver-leaf Nightshade, White Horse Nettle, Trompillo, Tomato Weed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Solanum rostratum
Buffalo Bur, Buffalo Bur Nightshade, Buffalobur Nightshade

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Solanum triquetrum
Texas Nightshade, Hierba Mora

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light:
Water:

Solidago altissima
Tall Goldenrod, Late Goldenrod, Canadian Goldenrod, Canada Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Solidago gigantea
Giant Goldenrod, Smooth Goldenrod, Tall Goldenrod, Late Goldenrod, Early Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Solidago juliae
Julia's Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago nemoralis
Gray Goldenrod, Prairie Goldenrod, Oldfield Goldenrod, Grayleaf Goldenrod, Gray-leaved Goldenrod, Dyersweed Goldenrod, Dwarf Goldenrod, Field Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Solidago odora
Anisescented Goldenrod, Anise-scented Goldenrod, Sweet Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Solidago odora var. odora
Anisescented Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sophora secundiflora
Texas Mountain Laurel, Mountain Laurel, Mescal Bean, Mescal Bean Sophora, Frijolillo, Frijolito

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Spartina alterniflora
Saltmarsh Cordgrass, Saltwater Cordgrass, Salt Cordgrass, Smooth Cordgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Spartina patens
Saltmeadow Cordgrass, Salt-meadow Cordgrass, Marsh-hay Cordgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Spartina spartinae
Gulf Cordgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Spergularia salina
Salt Sandspurry

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Spermolepis divaricata
Roughfruit Scaleseed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Spermolepis echinata
Bristly Scaleseed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Spermolepis inermis
Red River Scaleseed, Spreading Scaleseed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sphaeralcea angustifolia
Narrowleaf Globemallow, Copper Globemallow, Copper Mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Sphaeralcea fendleri
Fendler's Globemallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Sphaeralcea hastulata
Spear Globemallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Sphaeralcea lindheimeri
Woolly Globemallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sphenopholis obtusata
Prairie Wedgescale

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Spigelia hedyotidea
Prairie Pinkroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Spigelia texana
Texas Pinkroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Spiranthes vernalis
Spring Ladies'-tresses, Spring Lady's Tresses

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sporobolus airoides
Alkali Sacaton, Zacate Alcalino

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Sporobolus clandestinus
Rough Dropseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Sporobolus compositus
Composite Dropseed, Tall Dropseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Sporobolus compositus var. compositus
Composite Dropseed, Tall Dropseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Sporobolus cryptandrus
Sand Dropseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Sporobolus junceus
Pineywoods Dropseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Sporobolus pyramidatus
Whorled Dropseed, Target Dropseed, Madagascar Dropseed

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Sporobolus vaginiflorus
Poverty Dropseed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Sporobolus virginicus
Seashore Dropseed, Beach Dropseed, Seashore Rushgrass, Coastal Dropseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Sporobolus wrightii
Big Sacaton, Sacaton, Alkali Sacaton

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Stachys crenata
Mousesear, Shade Betony

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Stachys drummondii
Drummond's Hedgenettle, Pink Mint

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Steinchisma hians
Gaping Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Stellaria prostrata
Prostrate Starwort, Prostrate Chickweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Stemodia lanata
Woolly Stemodia, Gray-woolly Twintip

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Stenandrium dulce
Sweet Shaggytuft, Pineland Pinklet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Stenaria nigricans
Bluets, Diamond-flowers

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Stenaria nigricans var. nigricans
Diamondflowers, Narrowleaf Bluets, Baby's Breath, Bluets, Fine-leaf Bluets

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Stenosiphon linifolius
False Gaura

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Stillingia sylvatica
Queen's-delight

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Stillingia texana
Texas Queen's Delight, Queen's Delight, Texas Toothleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Stillingia treculiana
Trecul's Toothleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Streptanthus bracteatus
Bracted Twistflower, Bracted Jewelflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Streptanthus platycarpus
Broadpod Jewelflower, Broadpod Twistflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Strophostyles leiosperma
Slickseed Fuzzybean

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Stuckenia pectinata
Sago Pondweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Stylosanthes biflora
Sidebeak Pencilflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Styphnolobium affine
Eve's Necklace, Eve's Necklacepod, Texas Sophora, Pink Sophora, Necklace Tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Styrax platanifolius
Sycamore-leaf Snowbell

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Styrax platanifolius ssp. stellatus
Hairy Sycamore-leaf Snow-bell, Sycamoreleaf Snowbell

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Styrax platanifolius ssp. texanus
Texas Snow-bell, Texas Snowbell

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Suaeda linearis
Annual Seepweed

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Symphoricarpos orbiculatus
Coralberry, Indian Currant, Buckbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Symphyotrichum divaricatum
Southern Annual Saltmarsh Aster, Lawn American-aster, White Wood Aster, Saltmarsh Aster, Slender Aster

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Symphyotrichum dumosum
Rice Button Aster, White Bushy Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Symphyotrichum ericoides
White Heath Aster, Heath Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Symphyotrichum ericoides var. ericoides
White Heath Aster, Heath Aster, White Aster, White Prairie Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Symphyotrichum lateriflorum
Calico Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Symphyotrichum oblongifolium
Aromatic Aster, Aromatic American Aster, Fall Aster, Wild Blue Aster, Shale Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Symphyotrichum praealtum
Willowleaf Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Symphyotrichum pratense
Barrens Silky Aster, Meadow Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Synthlipsis greggii
Gregg's Keelpod

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tamaulipa azurea
Blue Boneset

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Vine
Light:
Water:

Taxodium distichum
Bald Cypress, Baldcypress, Common Bald Cypress, Southern Bald Cypress, Deciduous Cypress, Southern Cypress, Swamp Cypress, Red Cypress, White Cypress, Yellow Cypress, Gulf Cypress, Tidewater Red Cypress

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Taxodium mucronatum
Montezuma Bald Cypress, Montezuma Cypress, Mexican Cypress, Ahuehuete, Sabino

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Tecoma stans
Yellow Bells, Yellowbells, Esperanza, Yellow Trumpetbush, Yellow Trumpetflower, Trumpetbush, Trumpetflower, Yellow Elder, Hardy Yellow Trumpet, Yellow Trumpet Bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Tephrosia lindheimeri
Lindheimer's Hoarypea, Hoary Pea, Lindheimer Tephrosia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Tephrosia onobrychoides
Multibloom Hoarypea, Multibloom Tephrosia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tephrosia potosina
Edwards Plateau Hoarypea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Tetraclea coulteri
Coulter's Wrinklefruit

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Tetragonotheca repanda
Showy Nerveray

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tetragonotheca texana
Squarebud Daisy, Nerve-ray, Square-bud Daisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Tetraneuris linearifolia
Fineleaf Fournerved Daisy, Slender-leaf Hymenoxys, Bitterweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tetraneuris scaposa
Four-nerve Daisy, Hymenoxys, Stemmy Four-nerve Daisy, Yellow Daisy, Bitterweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Tetraneuris scaposa var. scaposa
Four-nerve Daisy, Hymenoxys, Stemmy Four-nerve Daisy, Bitterweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Tetraneuris turneri
Turner's Four-nerve Daisy, Bitterweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Teucrium canadense
Canada Germander, American Germander, Canadian Germander, Germander, Hairy Germander, Wood Sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Teucrium cubense
Coast Germander, Small Coastal Germander

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Teucrium laciniatum
Lacy Germander, Cut-leaf Germander, Dwarf Germander

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Thamnosma texana
Texas Desert-rue, Dutchman's Breeches, Rue Of The Mountains, Ruda Del Monte

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Thelesperma ambiguum
Colorado Greenthread

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Thelesperma burridgeanum
Burridge Green-thread, Burridge's Greenthread

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Thelesperma filifolium
Stiff Greenthread, Greenthread

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Thelesperma filifolium var. filifolium
Stiff Greenthread, Showy Navajo Tea, Greenthread

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Thelesperma flavodiscum
East Texas Greenthread, Greenthread

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Thelesperma nuecense
Rio Grande Greenthread

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Thelesperma simplicifolium
Slender Greenthread, Navajo Tea, Cota

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Thelocactus bicolor
Glory Of Texas

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light:
Water:

Thelocactus bicolor var. bicolor
Glory Of Texas

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light:
Water:

Thelocactus setispinus
Miniature Barrel Cactus, Hedgehog Cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Thelypteris ovata var. lindheimeri
Lindheimer's Marsh Fern, Lindheimer's Maiden Fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light:
Water:

Thymophylla acerosa
Prickly-leaf Dogweed, Texas Dogweed, Shrubby Dogweed, Prickleleaf Dogweed, Prickleaf Dogweed, Fetid Marigold, Scrubby Dogweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Thymophylla micropoides
Woolly Pricklyleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Thymophylla pentachaeta
Parralena, Fiveneedle Pricklyleaf, Five-needle Fetid Marigold

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Thymophylla pentachaeta var. pentachaeta
Parralena, Fiveneedle Pricklyleaf, Dogweed, Dyssodia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Thymophylla tenuiloba
Bristleleaf Pricklyleaf

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Thymophylla tenuiloba var. tenuiloba
Bristleleaf Pricklyleaf

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Thymophylla tenuiloba var. wrightii
Wright's Pricklyleaf

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Thymophylla tephroleuca
Ashy Pricklyleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tidestromia lanuginosa
Woolly Tidestromia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tilia americana
American Basswood, American Linden, Lime Tree, Bee Tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Tilia americana var. caroliniana
Carolina Basswood, Florida Basswood, Small-leaved Basswood, Downy Basswood, Carolina Linden, Florida Linden, Small-leaved Linden, Downy Linden

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Tillandsia baileyi
Giant Ball Moss, Reflexed Airplant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tillandsia recurvata
Small Ball Moss, Ball Moss

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tillandsia usneoides
Spanish Moss

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water:

Tinantia anomala
False Dayflower, Widows Tears

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Tiquilia canescens
Woody Crinklemat, Shrubby Coldenia, Shrubby Tiquilia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Tiquilia canescens var. canescens
Woolly Crinklemat, Woody Crinklemat, Dog's Ear, Oreja De Perro, Rat's Ear Coldenia, Woody Tiquilia, Gray Tiquilia, Gray Coldenia, Shrubby Coldenia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tiquilia mexicana
Mexican Crinklemat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Toxicodendron radicans
Eastern Poison Ivy, Poison Ivy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Vine
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Tradescantia brevifolia
Trans-Pecos Spiderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Tradescantia edwardsiana
Plateau Spiderwort, Edwards' Spiderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Tradescantia hirsutiflora
Hairyflower Spiderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Tradescantia humilis
Texas Spiderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tradescantia occidentalis
Prairie Spiderwort, Western Spiderwort, Spiderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Tradescantia ohiensis
Ohio Spiderwort, Bluejacket

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Tradescantia subacaulis
Stemless Spiderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Tragia brevispica
Shortspike Noseburn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Tragia nigricans
Dark Noseburn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tragia ramosa
Branched Noseburn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Triadenum walteri
Greater Marsh St. Johnswort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Trianthema portulacastrum
Desert Horse-purslane, Horse-purslane, Black-pigweed, Giant-pigweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Trichloris crinita
Two-flowered Trichloris, False Rhodes Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Trichloris pluriflora
Multi-flowered False-rhodesgrass, Multiflower False Rhodes Grass, Showy Chloris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Trichocoronis rivularis
Rio Grande Bugheal

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Trichoneura elegans
Silveus Grass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Trichostema brachiatum
Fluxweed, False Pennyroyal

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Trichostema dichotomum
Forked Bluecurls, Blue Curls

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Tridens albescens
White Tridens, White Top

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Tridens buckleyanus
Buckley's Fluffgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Tridens congestus
Pink Fluffgrass, Pink Tridens

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Tridens eragrostoides
Lovegrass Tridens

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Tridens flavus
Purpletop Tridens, Redtop Tridens, Tall Redtop Tridens, Purpletop, Redtop, Tall Redtop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Tridens muticus
Slim Tridens

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Tridens muticus var. muticus
Slim Tridens, Awnless Fluffgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Tridens texanus
Texas Fluffgrass, Texas Tridens

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Triodanis biflora
Small Venus' Looking-glass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Triodanis coloradoensis
Colorado Venus' Looking-glass, Western Venus' Looking Glass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Triodanis holzingeri
Holzinger's Venus' Looking-glass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Triodanis leptocarpa
Slimpod Venus' Looking-glass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Triodanis perfoliata
Clasping Venus's Looking-glass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Dry

Triodanis texana
Texas Venus' Looking-glass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Triplasis purpurea
Purple Sandgrass, Purple Triplasis

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Tripsacum dactyloides
Eastern Gamagrass, Fakahatchee Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Trisetum interruptum
Prairie False Oat

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Trixis inula
Tropical Threefold

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Turnera diffusa
Damiana

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub, Shrub
Light:
Water:

Typha domingensis
Southern Cattail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Typha latifolia
Broadleaf Cattail, Common Cattail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Ulmus americana
American Elm, White Elm, Soft Elm, Water Elm, Common Elm

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ulmus crassifolia
Cedar Elm, Fall Elm, Basket Elm, Scrub Elm, Lime Elm, Texas Elm, Southern Rock Elm, Olmo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ungnadia speciosa
Mexican Buckeye, Monilla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Uniola paniculata
Sea Oats, Seaoats

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Urochloa ciliatissima
Fringed Signalgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Urochloa fusca
Browntop Signalgrass

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Urochloa texana
Texas Signalgrass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Urtica chamaedryoides
Heart-leaf Stinging Nettle, Heart-leaf Nettle, Stinging Nettle

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Utricularia gibba
Humped Bladderwort, Bladderwort, Conespur Bladderpod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Utricularia subulata
Zigzag Bladderwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Vaccinium arboreum
Farkleberry, Tree Sparkleberry, Sparkleberry, Winter Huckleberry, Huckleberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Vachellia bravoensis
Huisachillo, Dwarf Huisache, Bravo Acacia, Schaffner's Acacia, Schaffner's Wattle, Twisted Acacia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Vachellia constricta
Whitethorn Acacia, White-thorn Acacia, Mescat Acacia, Mescat Wattle, Whitethorn, Vara Prieta, Chaparro Prieto

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Vachellia farnesiana
Huisache, Texas Huisache, Sweet Acacia, Perfume Acacia, Mealy Acacia, Mealy Wattle, Cassie

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Vachellia rigidula
Blackbrush Acacia, Blackbrush, Chaparro Prieto, Gavia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Vachellia vernicosa
Viscid Acacia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Valerianella amarella
Hairy Cornsalad

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Valerianella radiata
Beaked Cornsalad, Woods Corn-salad

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Varilla texana
Texas Varilla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Vaseyochloa multinervosa
Texasgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Verbena bracteata
Bigbract Verbena, Carpet Vervain, Prostrate Vervain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Verbena canescens
Gray Vervain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Verbena cloverae
Clover's Vervain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Verbena halei
Texas Vervain, Slender Verbena, Texas Verbena, Slender Vervain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Verbena plicata
Fanleaf Vervain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Verbena runyonii
Rio Grande Vervain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Verbena scabra
Sandpaper Vervain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Verbena urticifolia
White Vervain, White Verbena

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Verbesina encelioides
Cowpen Daisy, Golden Crownbeard, Butter Daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Verbesina lindheimeri
Lindheimer's Crownbeard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Verbesina microptera
Texas Crownbeard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Verbesina virginica
Frostweed, White Crownbeard, Iceplant, Iceweed, Virginia Crownbeard, Indian Tobacco, Richweed, Squawweed

Duration: Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Verbesina virginica var. virginica
Frostweed, White Crownbeard

Duration: Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Vernonia lindheimeri
Woolly Ironweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Veronica peregrina
American Speedwell, Purslane Speedwell, Neckweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Vicia ludoviciana
Deer Pea Vetch, Louisiana Vetch

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Vicia ludoviciana ssp. leavenworthii
Leavenworth's Vetch

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Vicia ludoviciana ssp. ludoviciana
Deer Pea Vetch, Louisiana Vetch

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Vigna luteola
Hairypod Cowpea, Yellow Vigna

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Viguiera dentata
Plateau Goldeneye, Sunflower Goldeneye, Toothleaf Goldeneye, Chimalacate

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Viguiera stenoloba
Skeleton-leaf Goldeneye, Resinbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Viola bicolor
Field Pansy, Wild Pansy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Viola pubescens
Downy Yellow Violet, Downy Violet, Hairy Yellow Violet, Yellow Violet, Common Yellow Violet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Viola pubescens var. pubescens
Downy Yellow Violet, Downy Violet, Hairy Violet, Yellow Violet, Common Yellow Violet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Viola sagittata
Arrowleaf Violet, Arrow-leaved Violet, Upland Violet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Viola sagittata var. sagittata
Arrowleaf Violet, Triangle-leafed Violet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Viola sororia
Missouri Violet, Common Blue Violet, Hooded Blue Violet, Florida Violet, Meadow Violet, Confederate Violet, Dooryard Violet, Purple Violet, Woolly Blue Violet, Wood Violet, Hooded Violet

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Vitis aestivalis
Summer Grape , Pigeon Grape

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Vitis aestivalis var. lincecumii
Long Grape

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Vitis cinerea var. helleri
Winter Grape, Heller's Grape, Gray-leaf Grape, Smooth-leaf Grape, Sweet Grape, Spanish Grape

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Vitis monticola
Sweet Mountain Grape, Champin Grape

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun
Water:

Vitis mustangensis
Mustang Grape

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Vitis rupestris
Sand Grape

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Vulpia octoflora
Common Sixweeks Grass, Sixweeks Fescue

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Waltheria indica
Sleepy Morning, Velvet Leaf, Boaterbush, Buff-coat, Leather-coat, Monkeybush, Uhaloa

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub, Shrub
Light:
Water:

Warnockia scutellarioides
Prairie Brazosmint, Prairie Brazoria

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Wedelia acapulcensis var. hispida
Zexmenia, Orange Zexmenia, Hairy Wedelia, Wedelia, Texas Creeping-oxeye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Willkommia texana
Texas Willkommia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water: Moist

Wolffia columbiana
Columbian Watermeal

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Xanthisma texanum
Texas Sleepy Daisy, Yellow Sleepy Daisy, Star Of Texas

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Xanthium strumarium
Rough Cocklebur

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Xyris jupicai
Richard's Yelloweyed Grass

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Yeatesia platystegia
Montell Bractspike, Wild Shrimp Plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Yucca arkansana
Arkansas Yucca, Softleaf Yucca

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Yucca constricta
Buckley Yucca, Buckley's Yucca

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Yucca reverchonii
San Angelo Yucca

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Yucca rupicola
Twistleaf Yucca, Twisted-leaf Yucca, Texas Yucca

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Yucca thompsoniana
Thompson's Yucca, Thompson Yucca, Beaked Yucca, Big Bend Yucca, Soyate, Palmita, Trans-Pecos Yucca

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Yucca torreyi
Torrey Yucca, Torrey's Yucca, Spanish Bayonet, Spanish Dagger, Old Shag, Palma

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Yucca treculeana
Spanish Dagger, Spanish Bayonet, Don Quixote's Lance, Palma Pita, Palma De Datil, Palmito

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Zannichellia palustris
Horned Pondweed, Horned Poolmat, Horned-pondweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Zanthoxylum fagara
Lime Prickly Ash, Colima

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Zephyranthes pulchella
Showy Zephyrlily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Zinnia acerosa
Desert Zinnia, Dwarf Zinnia, Dwarf White Zinnia, Shrubby Zinnia, Southern Zinnia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Zinnia anomala
Shortray Zinnia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Zizaniopsis miliacea
Giant Cutgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Ziziphus obtusifolia
Lotebush, Lote-bush Condalia, Graythorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ziziphus obtusifolia var. obtusifolia
Lotebush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Zornia bracteata
Viperina

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: