Central Great Plains

This EPA Level III ecoregion encompasses all or part of 35 Texas counties. The Central Great Plains extends in a great swath from west-central Texas north through central Oklahoma, Kansas and south-central Nebraska. In Texas, along with the Southwestern Tablelands, this ecoregion covers approximately the same land area as the Texas Parks & Wildlife Departmentís Rolling Plains vegetative region. This collection lists only those taxa found in the Texas portion of the Central Great Plains ecoregion.


Thumb Species Characteristics

Abronia fragrans
Fragrant Sand-verbena, Snowball Sand Verbena, Sweet Sand-verbena, Prairie Snowball, Sand Verbena, Heart's Delight

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Abutilon fruticosum
Indian Mallow, Texas Indian Mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Acaciella angustissima
Prairie Acacia, Fern Acacia, Whiteball Acacia, Prairie Wattle, White-ball Acacia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Acaciella angustissima var. hirta
Prairie Acacia, Texas Prairie Acacia, Texas Fern Acacia, Prairie Wattle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Acalypha gracilens
Slender Threeseed Mercury

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Acalypha monococca
Slender Threeseed Mercury

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Acalypha ostryifolia
Pineland Threeseed Mercury, Hop-hornbeam Copperleaf

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Acalypha phleoides
Shrubby Copperleaf, Three-seeded Mercury

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Acalypha virginica
Virginia Threeseed Mercury

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Achillea millefolium
Common Yarrow, Western Yarrow, Yarrow, Milfoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Acleisanthes longiflora
Angel Trumpets, Angel's Trumpets

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Acourtia nana
Dwarf Desertpeony

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Adiantum capillus-veneris
Southern Maidenhair Fern, Common Maidenhair Fern, Maidenhair Fern, Venus Hair Fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Aesculus pavia
Red Buckeye, Scarlet Buckeye , Firecracker Plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Aesculus pavia var. pavia
Scarlet Buckeye, Red Buckeye, Southern Buckeye, Firecracker Plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Agalinis tenuifolia
Slenderleaf False Foxglove

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Agave americana
American Century Plant, Century Plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Agrimonia parviflora
Harvest Lice, Small-flowered Agrimony, Southern Agrimony, Swamp Agrimony

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Agrostis hyemalis
Winter Bentgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Alisma subcordatum
American Water Plantain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Allionia incarnata
Trailing Windmills, Trailing Four O'Clock, Pink Windmills, Trailing Allionia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Allium canadense
Meadow Garlic, Wild Garlic, Wild Onion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Allium canadense var. fraseri
Fraser Meadow Garlic, Fraser Meadow Garlic

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Allium canadense var. hyacinthoides
Hyacinth Meadow Garlic

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Allium drummondii
Drummond's Onion, Wild Garlic, Drummond Wild Onion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Alopecurus carolinianus
Carolina Foxtail

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Aloysia gratissima
Whitebrush, Bee-brush, White-brush, Common Bee-brush, Beebrush, Privet Lippia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Amaranthus palmeri
Carelessweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Amaranthus polygonoides
Tropical Amaranth

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Amaranthus retroflexus
Redroot Amaranth

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Amaranthus scleropoides
Bonebract Amaranth

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Amaranthus spinosus
Spiny Amaranth, Thorny Pigweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Amaranthus tuberculatus
Roughfruit Amaranth, Water Hemp

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Moist

Amblyolepis setigera
Huisache Daisy, Butterfly Daisy, Honey Daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ambrosia artemisiifolia
Annual Ragweed, Short Ragweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ambrosia confertiflora
Weakleaf Bur Ragweed, Weak Leaved Burweed, Slimleaf Bursage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ambrosia psilostachya
Cuman Ragweed, Western Ragweed, Perennial Ragweed, Common Ragweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ambrosia trifida
Great Ragweed, Giant Ragweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ammannia auriculata
Eared Redstem

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ammannia coccinea
Valley Redstem, Scarlet Tooth-cup

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Ammannia robusta
Grand Redstem

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Wet

Ammoselinum popei
Plains Sandparsley

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Amorpha canescens
Leadplant, Leadplant Amorpha, Prairie Shoestring

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Amorpha fruticosa
Indigo Bush, False Indigo Bush, False Indigo, Desert False Indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ampelopsis cordata
Heartleaf Peppervine, Heart-leaf Ampelopsis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Amphiachyris amoena
Texas Broomweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Amphiachyris dracunculoides
Prairie Broomweed, Broomweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Amsonia ciliata
Fringed Bluestar, Bluestar, Texas Bluestar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Andropogon gerardii
Big Bluestem, Tall Bluestem, Turkeyfoot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Andropogon glomeratus
Bushy Bluestem, Brushy Bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Andropogon hallii
Sand Bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Andropogon ternarius
Splitbeard Bluestem, Split Bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Androstephium coeruleum
Blue Funnel-lily, Prairie Lily, Funnel-flower, Fragrant Lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Anemone berlandieri
Tenpetal Anemone, Tenpetal Thimbleweed, Windflower, Southern Anemone, Granny's Nightcap

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Anemone caroliniana
Carolina Anemone, Carolina Thimbleweed, Southern Thimbleweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Anemopsis californica
Yerba Mansa, Yerba-mansa, Lizard Tail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Antennaria parlinii
Parlin's Pussytoes, Ladies' Tobacco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Antennaria parlinii ssp. fallax
Parlin's Pussytoes

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Aphanostephus pilosus
Hairy Dozedaisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Aphanostephus ramosissimus
Plains Dozedaisy, Lazy Daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Aphanostephus ramosissimus var. ramosissimus
Plains Dozedaisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Aphanostephus riddellii
Lazy Daisy, Riddell's Dozedaisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Aphanostephus skirrhobasis
Lazy Daisy, Arkansas Lazy Daisy, Arkansas Doze-daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Apios americana
Groundnut, Wild Potato, Indian Potato

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Apocynum cannabinum
Indian Hemp, Prairie Dogbane, Hemp Dogbane, Dogbane

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Arenaria benthamii
Hilly Sandwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Argemone albiflora
Bluestem Pricklypoppy, White Pricklypoppy, White Prickly Poppy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Argemone albiflora ssp. texana
Texas Bluestem Pricklypoppy, Bluestem Pricklypoppy, White Pricklypoppy, White Prickly Poppy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Argemone aurantiaca
Texas Pricklypoppy, Texas Prickly Poppy

Duration: Annual, Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Argemone polyanthemos
Annual Pricklepoppy, Bluestem Pricklepoppy, Bluestem Prickly Poppy, Crested Pricklypoppy, Pricklypoppy, Thistle Poppy, White Prickly Poppy, White Pricklypoppy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Argemone squarrosa
Hedgehog Pricklypoppy, Hedgehog Prickly Poppy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Argyrochosma dealbata
Powdery False Cloak Fern, Powdery Cloak Fern, False Cloak Fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Argythamnia aphoroides
Hill Country Silverbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Argythamnia humilis
Low Silverbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Argythamnia mercurialina
Tall Silverbush, Tall Wildmercury

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Argythamnia mercurialina var. mercurialina
Tall Silverbush, Tall Wild Mercury, Tall Ditaxis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Argythamnia simulans
Plateau Silverbush, Tall Wild-mercury

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Aristida desmantha
Curly Threeawn

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Aristida lanosa
Woollysheath Threeawn, Woolly Three-awn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Aristida longespica
Slimspike Threeawn, Kearney's Three-awn, Red Three-awn, Slender Three-awn

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Aristida oligantha
Prairie Threeawn, Oldfield (Prairie) 3-awn, Oldfield Threeawn

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Aristida purpurea
Purple Threeawn, Purple 3-awn, Purple Three-awn, Red Threeawn

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Aristida purpurea var. longiseta
Red Three-awn, Fendler Three-awn, Purple Threeawn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Aristida purpurea var. nealleyi
Blue Threeawn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Aristolochia reticulata
Texas Dutchman's Pipe

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Artemisia campestris
Field Sagewort

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Dry

Artemisia campestris ssp. caudata
Field Sagewort

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Artemisia dracunculus
Tarragon

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Artemisia filifolia
Sand Sagebrush, Silver Sagebrush, Silvery Wormwood, Sand Sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Asclepias arenaria
Sand Milkweed, Western Sand Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Asclepias asperula
Antelope-horns, Spider Milkweed, Green-flowered Milkweed, Spider Antelope-horns, Antelope Horns

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Asclepias emoryi
Emory's Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Asclepias engelmanniana
Engelmann's Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Asclepias incarnata
Swamp Milkweed, Pink Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Asclepias incarnata ssp. incarnata
Swamp Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Asclepias latifolia
Broadleaf Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Asclepias oenotheroides
Zizotes Milkweed, Hierba De Zizotes, Side-cluster Milkweed, Longhorn Milkweed, Primrose Milkweed, Lindheimer's Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Asclepias pumila
Plains Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Asclepias speciosa
Showy Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Asclepias subverticillata
Horsetail Milkweed, Poison Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Asclepias tuberosa
Butterflyweed, Butterfly Weed, Butterfly Milkweed, Orange Milkweed, Pleurisy Root, Chigger Flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Asclepias viridiflora
Green Comet Milkweed, Green-flowered Milkweed, Green Milkweed, Wand Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Asclepias viridis
Green Milkweed, Spider Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Astragalus crassicarpus
Groundplum Milkvetch, Ground Plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Astragalus crassicarpus var. crassicarpus
Groundplum Milkvetch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Astragalus gracilis
Slender Milkvetch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Astragalus lindheimeri
Lindheimer's Milkvetch, Lindheimer's Astragulus

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Astragalus lotiflorus
Lotus Milkvetch, Lotus Milk-vetch, Low Milkvetch, Milkvetch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Astragalus missouriensis
Missouri Milkvetch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Astragalus mollissimus
Woolly Locoweed, Purple Locoweed, Woolly Loco, Woolly Milkvetch, Wooly Loco, Wooly Locoweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Astragalus nuttallianus
Nuttall's Milkvetch, Small-flowered Milkvetch

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Astragalus plattensis
Platte River Milkvetch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Astragalus pleianthus
Edwards Plateau Milkvetch

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Astragalus racemosus
Cream Milkvetch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Astranthium integrifolium
Entireleaf Western Daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Astranthium integrifolium ssp. ciliatum
Entireleaf Western Daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Astrolepis sinuata
Wavy Scaly Cloakfern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Atriplex canescens
Chamiso, Four-wing Saltbush, Wing-scale

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Baccharis neglecta
False Willow, Jara Dulce, Poverty Weed, Roosevelt Weed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Baccharis salicina
Willow Baccharis, Great Plains False Willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Baccharis texana
Prairie False Willow, Prairie Baccharis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Bacopa rotundifolia
Disk Waterhyssop, Disc Water-hyssop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Baptisia australis
Blue Wild Indigo, Wild Blue Indigo, Blue False Indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Baptisia australis var. minor
Blue Wild Indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Baptisia bracteata
Longbract Wild Indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Baptisia bracteata var. leucophaea
Longbract Wild Indigo, Cream False Indigo, Plains Wild Indigo, Cream Wild Indigo, Large-bracted Wild Indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Berlandiera betonicifolia
Texas Greeneyes, Broochflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Berlandiera lyrata
Chocolate Daisy, Chocolate Flower, Lyreleaf Greeneyes, Green-eyed Lyre Leaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Bidens cernua
Nodding Beggartick, Bur Marigold, Nodding Beggarticks, Nodding Bur Marigold, Nodding Burmarigold, Nodding Burr-marigold, Sticktight

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Bidens frondosa
Devil's Beggartick, Spanish Needles

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Bidens laevis
Smooth Beggartick, Smooth Bidens, Smooth Bur Marigold, Larger Bur Marigold

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Bidens tripartita
Threelobe Beggarticks, Three-part Beggarticks, Leafy-bracted Beggarticks, Trifid Bur-marigold

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Bifora americana
Prairie Bishop, Prairie Bishop's Weed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Boehmeria cylindrica
Smallspike False Nettle, Bog Hemp

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Boerhavia coccinea
Scarlet Spiderling

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Boerhavia erecta
Erect Spiderling, Common Spiderling

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Boerhavia linearifolia
Narrowleaf Spiderling

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Bothriochloa barbinodis
Pinhole Bluestem, Cane Bluestem, Cane Beardgrass, Feather Bluestem, Plains Beardgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Bothriochloa laguroides
Silver Bluestem, Silver Beardgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Bothriochloa laguroides ssp. torreyana
Silver Beard Grass, Silver Beardgrass, Silver Bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Bouteloua barbata
Sixweeks Grama

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Bouteloua curtipendula
Sideoats Grama, Banderilla, Banderita, Navajita

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Bouteloua dactyloides
Buffalograss, Buffalo Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Bouteloua eriopoda
Black Grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Bouteloua gracilis
Blue Grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Bouteloua hirsuta
Hairy Grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Bouteloua hirsuta var. pectinata
Hairy Grama, Tall Grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Bouteloua rigidiseta
Texas Grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Bouteloua trifida
Red Grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Bouteloua uniflora
Oneflower Grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Brickellia eupatorioides
False Boneset

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Brickellia eupatorioides var. texana
Texas False Boneset

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Buchnera americana
American Bluehearts, Bluehearts

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Calamovilfa gigantea
Giant Sandreed, Prairie Sandreed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Callirhoe alcaeoides
Light Poppymallow, Plains Poppy-mallow, Light Poppy-mallow, Pink Poppy-mallow, Light Poppy Mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Callirhoe involucrata
Winecup, Purple Poppy Mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Callirhoe leiocarpa
Tall Poppymallow, Annual Winecup, Tall Poppy-mallow, Tall Poppy Mallow

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Callirhoe pedata
Palmleaf Poppymallow, Standing Winecup, Finger Poppymallow, Palmleaf Poppy Mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Callirhoe scabriuscula
Texas Poppymallow, Texas Poppy Mallow

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Callitriche heterophylla
Two-headed Water-starwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Callitriche heterophylla ssp. heterophylla
Two-headed Water-starwort, Varied-leaved Water-starwort, Diverse-leaved Water-starwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Calylophus berlandieri
Berlandier's Sundrops , Square-bud Primrose, Sundrops

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Calylophus berlandieri ssp. berlandieri
Berlandier's Sundrops, Drummond Sundrops, Square-bud Primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Calylophus berlandieri ssp. pinifolius
Berlandier's Sundrops, Square-bud Primrose, Sundrops, Square-bud Day-primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Calylophus hartwegii
Hartweg's Sundrops, Western Primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Calylophus hartwegii ssp. fendleri
Hartweg's Sundrops

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Calylophus hartwegii ssp. filifolius
Hartweg's Sundrops

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Calylophus hartwegii ssp. pubescens
Hartweg's Sundrops, Grand Prairie Evening Primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Calylophus lavandulifolius
Lavendar-leaf Sundrops, Lavender-leaf Primrose, Lavenderleaf Sundrops

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Calylophus serrulatus
Yellow Sundrops, Yellow Evening Primrose, Plains Evening Primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Camassia scilloides
Atlantic Camas, Wild Hyacinth

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Campsis radicans
Trumpet Creeper, Trumpet Vine, Common Trumpet Creeper, Cow Vine, Foxglove Vine, Hellvine, Devil's Shoestring

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Cardamine parviflora
Sand Bittercress

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Cardamine parviflora var. arenicola
Sand Bittercress

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Carex amphibola
Creek Sedge, Eastern Narrowleaf Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Carex annectens
Yellowfruit Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Carex austrina
Southern Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex blanda
Eastern Woodland Sedge, Creek Sedge, Common Wood Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Carex brevior
Shortbeak Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex crus-corvi
Ravenfoot Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex emoryi
Emory Sedge, Emory's Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Carex frankii
Frank's Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Carex gravida
Heavy Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex hystericina
Bottlebrush Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Carex leavenworthii
Leavenworth's Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex meadii
Mead's Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex microdonta
Littletooth Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex muehlenbergii
Muhlenberg's Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex oklahomensis
Oklahoma Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex pellita
Woolly Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Carex perdentata
Sand Sedge, Meadow Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Carex planostachys
Cedar Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Carex tetrastachya
Britton's Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex triangularis
Eastern Fox Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex vulpinoidea
Fox Sedge, Brown Fox Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Carex vulpinoidea var. vulpinoidea
Fox Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carlowrightia texana
Texas Wrightwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Carya illinoinensis
Pecan

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Castilleja indivisa
Texas Indian Paintbrush, Entireleaf Indian Paintbrush, Texas Paintbrush, Indian Paintbrush, Scarlet Paintbrush

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Castilleja purpurea
Prairie Paintbrush, Downy Indian Paintbrush, Purple Paintbrush, Lemon Paintbrush, Purple Painted Cup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Castilleja purpurea var. citrina
Lemon Paintbrush, Yellow Paintbrush, Yellow Prairie Paintbrush, Citron Paintbrush, Prairie Paintbrush, Prairie Indian Paintbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Castilleja purpurea var. purpurea
Purple Paintbrush, Purple Prairie Painbrush, Prairie Paintbrush, Downy Indian Paintbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Castilleja sessiliflora
Downy Painted Cup, Downy Paintbrush, Great Plains Paintbrush, Great Plains Indian-paintbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Catalpa speciosa
Northern Catalpa, Catalpa Tree, Cigar Tree, Indian Bean

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ceanothus fendleri
Fendler's Ceanothus, Fendler Ceanothus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ceanothus herbaceus
Prairie Redroot, Smaller Redroot, Small Redroot, Inland Ceanothus, Fuzzy Ceanothus, Jersey Tea, Redroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Celtis laevigata
Sugar Hackberry, Texas Sugarberry, Sugarberry, Southern Hackberry, Lowland Hackberry, Hackberry, Palo Blanco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Celtis laevigata var. reticulata
Netleaf Hackberry, Netleaf Sugar Hackberry, Western Hackberry, Sugar Hackberry, Texas Sugarberry, Palo Blanco, Acibuche

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Celtis occidentalis
Common Hackberry, Northern Hackberry, American Hackberry, Nettle Tree, Beaverwood, False Elm

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Cenchrus spinifex
Grass Bur, Coastal Sandbur, Field Sandspur, Southern Sandbur, Spiny Burrgrass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Centaurea americana
American Basket-flower, American Star-thistle, Basket-flower, Star Thistle, Shaving Brush, Basket Flower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Centaurium calycosum
Arizona Centaury, Shortflower Centaury, Rosita, Buckley Centaury

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Centaurium texense
Lady Bird's Centaury, Texas Centaury

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Cephalanthus occidentalis
Common Buttonbush, Buttonbush, Button Willow, Honey Bells, Honeybells, Honey Balls, Honeyballs

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Cerastium brachypodum
Short-stalk Chickweed, Shortstalk Chickweed

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ceratophyllum demersum
Coon's Tail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Cercis canadensis
Eastern Redbud, Redbud

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cercis canadensis var. texensis
Texas Redbud

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Cercocarpus montanus
Alderleaf Mountain Mahogany, Silverleaf Mountain Mahogany, Mountain Mahogany

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Cevallia sinuata
Stinging Serpent, Stinging Cevallia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chaerophyllum tainturieri
Hairyfruit Chervil, Southern Chervil

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chaetopappa asteroides
Arkansas Leastdaisy, Least Daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chaetopappa ericoides
Rose Heath, Rose-heath

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Chamaecrista fasciculata
Partridge Pea, Sleepingplant, Sensitive Plant

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Chamaecrista fasciculata var. fasciculata
Partridge Pea, Showy Partridge-pea, Beeflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Chamaesaracha coniodes
Gray Five Eyes, False Nightshade, Ground Saracha, Prostrate Ground-cherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Chamaesaracha coronopus
Green False Nightshade, Greenleaf Five Eyes

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaesaracha edwardsiana
Edwards Plateau Five Eyes

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Chamaesaracha sordida
Hairy Five Eyes, False Nightshade

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaesyce acuta
Pointed Sandmat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaesyce albomarginata
Whitemargin Sandmat, Rattlesnake-weed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaesyce cordifolia
Heartleaf Sandmat

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaesyce fendleri
Fendler's Sandmat, Fendler's Spurge, Fendler's Carpetweed, Fendler's Euphorb

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaesyce glyptosperma
Ribseed Sandmat, Rib-seeded Sand Mat

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaesyce hyssopifolia
Hyssopleaf Sandmat

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaesyce lata
Hoary Sandmat, Hoary Euphorbia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaesyce maculata
Spotted Spurge, Spotted Euphorbia, Spotted Sandmat, Milk Purslane, Prostrate Spurge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Chamaesyce missurica
Prairie Sandmat, Missouri Spurge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaesyce nutans
Nodding Spurge, Eyebane

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Chamaesyce prostrata
Prostrate Spurge, Prostrate Sandmat, Ground Spurge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Chamaesyce serpens
Matted Sandmat, Prostrate Spurge, Creeping Spurge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaesyce serrula
Sawtooth Sandmat

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chasmanthium latifolium
Inland Sea Oats, Indian Wood Oats, Wild Oats, River Oats, Flathead Oats, Upland Oats, Upland Sea Oats

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cheilanthes alabamensis
Alabama Lipfern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light:
Water:

Cheilanthes feei
Slender Lipfern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light:
Water:

Cheilanthes horridula
Rough Lipfern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Cheilanthes lindheimeri
Fairy-swords

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light:
Water:

Cheilanthes tomentosa
Woolly Lipfern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Chenopodium album
Lambsquarters

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Chenopodium berlandieri
Pitseed Goosefoot, Lambs Quarters

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chenopodium incanum
Mealy Goosefoot

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Chenopodium leptophyllum
Narrowleaf Goosefoot

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chenopodium simplex
Mapleleaf Goosefoot

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Chilopsis linearis
Desert Willow, Flowering Willow, Willow-leaved Catalpa, Willowleaf Catalpa, Bow Willow, Flor De Mimbre, Mimbre

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Chloracantha spinosa
Spiny Chloracantha, Mexican Devil-weed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chloris andropogonoides
Slimspike Windmill Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Chloris cucullata
Hooded Windmill Grass, Hooded Windmillgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Chloris verticillata
Tumble Windmill Grass, Windmillgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Chloris virgata
Feather Fingergrass, Showy Chloris

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Cicuta maculata
Spotted Water Hemlock, Water-hemlock, Beaver Poison

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Wet

Cirsium ochrocentrum
Yellowspine Thistle

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cirsium texanum
Texas Thistle

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Cirsium undulatum
Wavyleaf Thistle, Plumed Thistle

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cissus trifoliata
Cow-itch Vine, Cow Itch Vine, Sorrelvine, Grape Ivy, Possum Grape, Arizona Grape Ivy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Cladium mariscus ssp. jamaicense
Jamaica Swamp Sawgrass, Jamaican Saw-grass, Saw-grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Claytonia virginica
Virginia Springbeauty, Springbeauty

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Clematis drummondii
Old Man's Beard, Drummond's Clematis, Texas Virgin's Bower, Goat's Beard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Clematis pitcheri
Purple Leatherflower, Purple Clematis, Leatherflower, Bluebill, Bellflower Clematis, Pitcher's Clematis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cleome serrulata
Rocky Mountain Beeplant, Skunkweed, Waa

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Cleomella angustifolia
Narrowleaf Rhombopod, Cleomella

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Clitoria mariana
Atlantic Pigeonwings, Butterfly Pea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Cnidoscolus texanus
Texas Bullnettle, Bull Nettle, Tread-softly, Spurge Nettle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cocculus carolinus
Carolina Snailseed, Carolina Coralbead, Carolina Moonseed, Red Berried Moonseed, Carolina Red Berried Moonseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Coelorachis cylindrica
Cylinder Jointtail Grass, Carolina Joint-tail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Comandra umbellata
Bastard Toadflax

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water: Dry

Comandra umbellata ssp. pallida
Pale Bastard Toadflax

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Commelina erecta
Dayflower, Widow's Tears, White-mouth Dayflower, Whitemouth Dayflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Commelina erecta var. angustifolia
Whitemouth Dayflower, Narrow-leaf Dayflower, Widow's Tears

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Convolvulus equitans
Texas Bindweed, Bindweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Conyza canadensis
Horseweed, Canadian Horseweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Cooperia drummondii
Evening Rain Lily, Evening Star Rain Lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Corallorhiza wisteriana
Spring Coral-root, Spring Coral Root, Early Southern Coral-root, Wister's Coral-root, Yellow Coral-root, Arousing Coral-root

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Coreopsis grandiflora
Largeflower Tickseed, Large-flower Tickseed, Common Coreopsis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Coreopsis grandiflora var. grandiflora
Largeflower Tickseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Coreopsis tinctoria
Plains Coreopsis, Golden Tickseed, Goldenwave, Calliopsis

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Coreopsis wrightii
Rock Tickseed, Golden-wave

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Corispermum americanum
American Bugseed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Cornus drummondii
Roughleaf Dogwood, Drummond's Dogwood, Rough-leaf Dogwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Cornus foemina
Stiff Dogwood, Swamp Dogwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Corydalis curvisiliqua
Curvepod, Curvepod Fumewort, Golden Smoke, Scrambled Eggs

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Corydalis curvisiliqua ssp. curvisiliqua
Curvepod Fumewort

Duration: Annual, Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Coryphantha sulcata
Nipple Cactus, Pineapple Cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Crataegus crus-galli
Cockspur Hawthorn, Cockspur Thorn, Newcastle Hawthorn, Newcastle Thorn, Hog Apple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Crataegus reverchonii
Reverchon's Hawthorn, Reverchon Hawthorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Crataegus turnerorum
Turner's Hawthorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Crataegus viridis
Green Hawthorn, Southern Hawthorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Croton capitatus
Hogwort, Texas Goatweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Croton glandulosus
Tooth-leaved Croton, Sand Croton, Tropic Croton, Vente Conmigo

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Croton lindheimerianus
Threeseed Croton

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Croton monanthogynus
Prairie Tea, One-seed Croton, Doveweed, Dove Weed, Prairie Goatweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Croton pottsii
Leatherweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Croton pottsii var. pottsii
Leatherweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Croton texensis
Texas Croton, Doveweed, Texas Goatweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cryptantha cinerea var. jamesii
James' Cryptantha, James' Catseye, James' Cat's-eye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Cryptantha mexicana
Mexican Cryptantha

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cryptantha minima
Little Cryptantha

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Cryptantha palmeri
Palmer's Cryptantha

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Cryptantha texana
Pick Me Nots

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cucurbita foetidissima
Stinking Gourd, Buffalo Gourd, Missouri Gourd, Stink Gourd, Wild Gourd

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Cuscuta cuspidata
Angel Hair, Cusp Dodder, Dodder

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Cuscuta indecora
Bigseed Alfalfa Dodder, Largeseed Dodder, Pretty Dodder

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light:
Water:

Cuscuta leptantha
Slender Dodder

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Cuscuta pentagona
Fiveangled Dodder

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Cuscuta polygonorum
Smartweed Dodder, Knotweed Dodder

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Cuscuta umbellata
Flatglobe Dodder, Santa Fe Dodder

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Cycloloma atriplicifolium
Winged Pigweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Cylindropuntia imbricata
Tree Cholla, Walking Stick Cholla, Cholla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light:
Water:

Cylindropuntia imbricata var. imbricata
Cane Cactus, Cholla, Teddy-bear Cholla, Tree Cholla, Walkingstick Cholla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Cylindropuntia kleiniae
Candle Cholla, Klein's Pencil Cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water:

Cylindropuntia leptocaulis
Tasajillo, Christmas Cactus, Pencil Cactus, Christmas Cholla, Desert Christmas Cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Cymopterus macrorhizus
Bigroot Springparsley, Big-root Cymopterus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cymopterus montanus
Mountain Springparsley, Montana Wavewing

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cynanchum laeve
Honeyvine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light:
Water:

Cynanchum racemosum
Talayote

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light:
Water:

Cynanchum racemosum var. unifarium
Talayote

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Cyperus acuminatus
Tapertip Flatsedge

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Cyperus echinatus
Globe Flatsedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Cyperus erythrorhizos
Redroot Flatsedge

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Cyperus esculentus
Yellow Nutsedge, Chufa Sedge, Yellow Nut-grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cyperus lupulinus
Great Plains Flatsedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Cyperus odoratus
Fragrant Flatsedge, Fragrant Sedge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Cyperus retroflexus
Oneflower Flatsedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Cyperus schweinitzii
Schweinitz's Flatsedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Cyperus setigerus
Lean Flatsedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Cyperus squarrosus
Bearded Flatsedge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Cyperus strigosus
Straw-colored Flatsedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Dalea aurea
Golden Dalea, Golden Prairie Clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dalea candida
White Prairie Clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dalea candida var. oligophylla
Fewleaf White Prairie Clover, White Prairie Clover, Western White Prairie Clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Dalea compacta
Compact Prairie Clover, Purple Prairie Clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Dalea enneandra
Nine-anther Prairie Clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Dry

Dalea formosa
Featherplume, Feather Dalea, Indigobush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dalea frutescens
Black Dalea, Black Prairie Clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dalea jamesii
James's Prairie Clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Dalea lanata
Woolly Prairie Clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Dalea lasiathera
Purple Dalea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Dalea multiflora
Roundhead Prairie Clover, White Prairie Clover, Round Headed Dalea, Round Headed Clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dalea nana
Dwarf Prairie Clover, Dwarf Dalea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Dalea phleoides
Slimspike Prairie Clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Dalea phleoides var. microphylla
Slimspike Prairie Clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Dalea pogonathera
Bearded Prairie Clover, Bearded Dalea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Dalea purpurea
Purple Prairie Clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dalea purpurea var. purpurea
Purple Prairie Clover, Violet Prairie Clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Dalea tenuis
Pinkglobe Prairie Clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Dalea villosa
Silky Prairie Clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Dalea villosa var. villosa
Silky Prairie Clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Daucus pusillus
American Wild Carrot, Rattlesnake-weed, Wild Carrot

Duration: Annual, Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Delphinium carolinianum
Prairie Larkspur, Carolina Larkspur, Blue Larkspur

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Delphinium carolinianum ssp. virescens
Carolina Larkspur, Prairie Larkspur, Plains Larkspur

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Descurainia pinnata
Western Tansymustard, Tansy-mustard

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Desmanthus illinoensis
Illinois Bundleflower, Bundleflower, Prairie Bundle Flower, Prickleweed, Illinois Desmanthus, Prairie Mimosa

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Desmanthus leptolobus
Slenderlobe Bundleflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Desmanthus obtusus
Bluntpod Bundleflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Desmanthus velutinus
Velvet Bundleflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Desmanthus virgatus
Prostrate Bundleflower, Wild Tantan, Slender Mimosa

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Desmodium canadense
Showy Tick Trefoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Desmodium illinoense
Illinois Ticktrefoil, Illinois Tick-trefoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Desmodium paniculatum
Panicledleaf Ticktrefoil, Panicled Tick Trefoil, Velcro Vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Desmodium tweedyi
Tweedy's Ticktrefoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Dichanthelium acuminatum
Tapered Rosette Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Dichanthelium acuminatum var. lindheimeri
Lindheimer Panicgrass, Lindheimer's Rosettegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Dichanthelium linearifolium
Slimleaf Panicgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Dichanthelium oligosanthes
Heller's Rosette Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Dichanthelium sphaerocarpon
Roundseed Panicgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Digitaria californica
Arizona Cottontop, California Cottontop, California Crab Grass, Cottontop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Digitaria ciliaris
Southern Crabgrass

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Digitaria cognata
Carolina Crabgrass, Fall Witchgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Digitaria pubiflora
Carolina Crabgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Diodia teres
Poorjoe

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Diospyros texana
Texas Persimmon, Mexican Persimmon, Black Persimmon, Chapote, Chapote Prieto

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Diospyros virginiana
Common Persimmon, Eastern Persimmon, Possumwood, Date Plum, Winter Plum, Jove's Fruit

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Distichlis spicata
Saltgrass, Coastal Salt Grass, Inland Salt-grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Draba cuneifolia
Wedgeleaf Draba, Whitlow-grass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Draba platycarpa
Broadpod Draba, Broad-pod Draba, Broadpod Whitlowgrass, Broadpod Whitlow-grass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Dracopis amplexicaulis
Clasping Coneflower, Clasping-leaf Coneflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Dryopteris marginalis
Marginal Woodfern, Marginal Fern, Marginal Shieldfern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Dyschoriste linearis
Snake Herb, Polkadots, Narrowleaf Dyschoriste

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Dyssodia papposa
Dogweed, Fetid Marigold

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Echinacea angustifolia
Black Samson, Black Samson Echinacea, Narrow-leaf Coneflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Echinocactus texensis
Horse Crippler, Horse Crippler Cactus, Devil's Head, Chisos Hedgehog Cactus, Chisos Hedgehog

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Echinocereus enneacanthus
Pitaya, Strawberry Cactus, Banana Cactus, Cob Cactus, Purple Pitaya, Strawberry Hedgehog Cactus, Prostrate Hedgehog Cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Echinocereus enneacanthus var. brevispinus
Pitaya

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light:
Water:

Echinocereus reichenbachii
Lace Hedgehog Cactus, Lace Cactus, Lace Hedgehog, Purple Candle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Echinocereus reichenbachii ssp. reichenbachii
Lace Cactus, Lace Hedgehog Cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Echinochloa crus-pavonis var. macera
Gulf Cockspur Grass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Echinochloa muricata
American Barnyard Grass, Rough Barnyard Grass, Barnyard Grass, American Cockspur Grass, Wild Millet

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Echinodorus berteroi
Upright Burrhead

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Echinodorus tenellus
Mudbabies

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eclipta prostrata
Pie Plant, False Daisy, Eclipta

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eleocharis acicularis
Needle Spikerush

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Eleocharis atropurpurea
Purple Spikerush

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eleocharis compressa var. acutisquamata
Sharpscale Spikerush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eleocharis erythropoda
Bald Spikerush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eleocharis macrostachya
Pale Spikerush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eleocharis montevidensis
Sand Spikerush, Spike Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Eleocharis palustris
Common Spikerush, Common Spike-rush, Creeping Spikesedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Eleocharis parvula
Dwarf Spikerush

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Eleocharis reverchonii
Reverchon's Spikerush

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eleocharis rostellata
Beaked Spikerush, Leap Frog Spike Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Elymus canadensis
Canada Wild Rye, Canadian Wildrye, Prairie Wildrye, Nodding Wildrye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Elymus elymoides
Squirreltail, Bottlebrush Squirreltail, Squirrel-tail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Elymus elymoides ssp. brevifolius
Squirreltail, Long-leaf Squirrel-tail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Elymus virginicus
Virginia Wild Rye, Virginia Wildrye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Elymus virginicus var. virginicus
Virginia Wildrye, Virginia Wild Rye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Engelmannia peristenia
Engelmann's Daisy, Engelmann Daisy, Cutleaf Daisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Ephedra antisyphilitica
Mormon Tea, Joint-fir, Clapweed, Popote

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ephedra pedunculata
Vine Jointfir

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Epilobium coloratum
Purpleleaf Willowherb

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Equisetum hyemale
Scouring-rush Horsetail, Horsetail, Scouring Rush, Canuela

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Equisetum hyemale var. affine
Scouring-rush Horsetail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Equisetum laevigatum
Smooth Horsetail, Horsetail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Eragrostis curtipedicellata
Gummy Lovegrass, Gummy Love Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eragrostis elliottii
Field Lovegrass , Field Love Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eragrostis intermedia
Plains Lovegrass, Plains Love Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Eragrostis pectinacea
Tufted Lovegrass, Tufted Love Grass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eragrostis pectinacea var. pectinacea
Tufted Lovegrass, Tufted Love Grass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eragrostis secundiflora
Red Lovegrass , Red Love Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eragrostis secundiflora ssp. oxylepis
Red Lovegrass, Red Love Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Eragrostis sessilispica
Tumble Lovegrass, Tumble Love Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eragrostis spectabilis
Purple Lovegrass, Purple Love Grass, Purple Plains Lovegrass, Tumblegrass, Petticoat Climber

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Eragrostis trichodes
Sand Lovegrass, Sand Love Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Erigeron bellidiastrum
Western Daisy Fleabane

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Erigeron colomexicanus
Running Fleabane, Sprawling Daisy

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Erigeron flagellaris
Trailing Fleabane

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Erigeron geiseri
Geiser's Fleabane

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Erigeron modestus
Plains Fleabane, Prairie Fleabane

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Erigeron philadelphicus
Philadelphia Fleabane, Fleabane Daisy

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Erigeron philadelphicus var. philadelphicus
Philadelphia Fleabane

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Erigeron strigosus
Prairie Fleabane, Daisy Fleabane

Duration: Annual, Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Eriochloa sericea
Texas Cupgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Eriogonum annuum
Annual Buckwheat, Annual Wild Buckwheat, Umbrella Plant

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Eriogonum longifolium
Longleaf Buckwheat, Longleaf Wild Buckwheat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eriogonum longifolium var. longifolium
Longleaf Buckwheat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eriogonum multiflorum
Wild Buckwheat, Heart-sepal Buckwheat, Heart-sepal Wild Buckwheat

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Eriogonum nealleyi
Irion County Buckwheat, Irion County Wild Buckwheat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Erioneuron pilosum
Hairy Woollygrass, Hairy Tridens

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Erodium texanum
Texas Stork's Bill, Stork's Bill, Pine Needle, Fillaree

Duration: Annual, Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Eryngium diffusum
Spreading Eryngo

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eryngium leavenworthii
Leavenworth's Eryngo, Eryngo, False Purple Thistle

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Erysimum asperum
Western Wallflower

Duration: Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Escobaria missouriensis
Missouri Foxtail Cactus, Plains Nipple Cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Escobaria vivipara
Spinystar, Common Beehive Cactus, Pincushion Cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light:
Water:

Escobaria vivipara var. radiosa
Spinystar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light:
Water:

Escobaria vivipara var. vivipara
Spinystar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light:
Water:

Eupatorium perfoliatum
Common Boneset

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Eupatorium perfoliatum var. perfoliatum
Common Boneset

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Eupatorium serotinum
Lateflowering Thoroughwort, White Boneset, Late Boneset, Late-flowering Boneset

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Euphorbia bicolor
Snow On The Prairie, Snow-on-the-prairie

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Euphorbia corollata
Flowering Spurge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Euphorbia dentata
Toothed Spurge, Toothed-leaf Poinsettia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Euphorbia hexagona
Sixangle Spurge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Euphorbia longicruris
Wedgeleaf Spurge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Euphorbia marginata
Snow On The Mountain, Snow-on-the-mountain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Euphorbia spathulata
Warty Spurge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Euphorbia tetrapora
Weak Spurge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eurytaenia texana
Texas Spreadwing

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eustoma exaltatum
Catchfly Prairie Gentian, Bluebell Gentian, Western Blue Gentian, Blue Marsh Lily, Small Bluebell, Catchfly Gentian, Seaside Gentian

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Eustoma exaltatum ssp. russellianum
Texas Bluebells, Texas Bluebell, Bluebell, Showy Prairie Gentian, Prairie Gentian

Duration: Annual, Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Euthamia graminifolia
Flat-top Goldentop, Grass-leaved Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Euthamia graminifolia var. graminifolia
Flat-top Goldentop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Evax prolifera
Bighead Pygmycudweed, Rabbit Tobacco

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Evax verna
Spring Pygmycudweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Evax verna var. verna
Spring Pygmycudweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Evolvulus nuttallianus
Shaggy Dwarf Morning-glory, Shaggy Evolvulus, Silky Evolvulus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eysenhardtia texana
Texas Kidneywood, Kidneywood, Bee Brush, Vara Dulce, Palo Dulce

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Fimbristylis puberula
Hairy Fimbry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Fimbristylis vahlii
Vahl's Fimbry

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Florestina tripteris
Sticky Florestina

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Forestiera pubescens
Elbow Bush, Stretchberry, Spring Herald, Desert Olive, Tanglewood, Devil's Elbow, Spring Goldenglow, New Mexico Privet, Texas Forsythia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Forestiera pubescens var. pubescens
Stretchberry, Elbowbush, Stretch-berry, Downy Forestiera, Desert Olive, Elbow-bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Frangula caroliniana
Carolina Buckthorn, Carolina False Buckthorn, Yellow Buckthorn, Indian Cherry, Yellowwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Fraxinus pennsylvanica
Green Ash, Red Ash, Swamp Ash, River Ash, Water Ash, Darlington Ash

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Froelichia floridana
Plains Snakecotton, Snake-cotton

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Froelichia gracilis
Slender Snakecotton, Snake-cotton

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Fuirena simplex
Western Umbrella-sedge, Umbrellagrass, Western Umbrella Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Funastrum crispum
Wavy-leaf Milkweed Vine, Wavyleaf Twinevine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Funastrum cynanchoides
Fringed Twinevine, Climbing Milkweed Vine, Twine-vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Funastrum cynanchoides ssp. cynanchoides
Fringed Twinevine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Gaillardia aestivalis
Lanceleaf Blanketflower, Winkler Gaillardia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Gaillardia aestivalis var. aestivalis
Lanceleaf Blanketflower, Prairie Gaillardia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Gaillardia pinnatifida
Red Dome Blanketflower, Yellow Gaillardia, Blanket Flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Gaillardia pulchella
Indian Blanket, Firewheel, Girasol Rojo

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Gaillardia pulchella var. pulchella
Indian Blanket, Firewheel

Duration: Annual, Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Gaillardia suavis
Pincushion Daisy, Fragrant Gaillardia, Rayless Gaillardia, Perfumeballs

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Galium aparine
Stickywilly, Catchweed Bedstraw, Cleavers, Common Bedstraw, Sticky Weed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light: Shade
Water:

Galium virgatum
Southwest Bedstraw, Southwestern Bedstraw

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Geranium carolinianum
Carolina Geranium, Wild Geranium, Carolina Cranesbill

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Geranium texanum
Texas Geranium

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Geum canadense
White Avens

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Giliastrum acerosum
Bluebowls, Prickleleaf Gilia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Glandularia bipinnatifida
Prairie Verbena, Purple Prairie Verbena, Dakota Vervain, Dakota Mock Vervain, Moradilla, Alfombrilla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Glandularia bipinnatifida var. bipinnatifida
Prairie Verbena, Purple Prairie Verbena, Dakota Mock Vervain, Dakota Vervain

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Glandularia bipinnatifida var. ciliata
Davis Mountains Mock Vervain, Dakota Mock Vervain, Wright's Verbena

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Glandularia pumila
Dwarf Vervain, Low Verbena, Pink Mock Vervain, Pink Verbena, Wild Vervain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Gleditsia triacanthos
Honey Locust, Common Honey Locust, Thorny Common Honey Locust, Honey Shucks Locust, Sweet Locust, Thorny Locust, Honey Shucks, Sweet Bean Tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Glycyrrhiza lepidota
American Licorice, Wild Licorice

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Gossypianthus lanuginosus
Woolly Cottonflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Gossypium hirsutum
Upland Cotton

Duration: Annual
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Grindelia lanceolata
Narrowleaf Gumweed, Fall Gumweed

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Grindelia nuda var. nuda
Curlytop Gumweed

Duration: Annual, Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Grindelia papposa
Spanish Gold, Clasping-leaved Haplopappus, Saw-leaf Daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Grindelia squarrosa
Curlycup Gumweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Dry

Guilleminea densa
Small Matweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Gutierrezia sarothrae
Broom Snakeweed, Kindlingweed, Matchbrush, Texas Snakeweed, Broomweed, Turpentine Weed, Matchweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Gutierrezia sphaerocephala
Roundleaf Snakeweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Gutierrezia texana
Texas Snakeweed

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Gymnopogon ambiguus
Bearded Skeletongrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Gymnosperma glutinosum
Gumhead, Tatalencho

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hackelia virginiana
Beggarslice, Beggar's-lice, Stickseed, Sticktight, Wild Comfrey, Virginia Stickseed

Duration: Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Haploesthes greggii
False Broomweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Haploesthes greggii var. texana
Texas False Broomweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub, Shrub
Light:
Water:

Hedeoma drummondii
Drummond's False Pennyroyal, Limoncillo, Mock Pennyroyal

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Hedeoma hispida
Rough False Pennyroyal

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hedeoma reverchonii
Reverchon's False Pennyroyal

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Hedeoma reverchonii var. serpyllifolia
Reverchon's False Pennyroyal, Rock Hedeoma

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helenium amarum
Yellow Sneezeweed, Bitterweed, Yellow Bitterweed, Yellowdicks, Slender-leaved Sneezeweed, Fine-leaved Sneezweed, Yellow Dog-fennel

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Helenium amarum var. amarum
Yellowdicks, Yellow Bitterweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helenium amarum var. badium
Yellowdicks, Brown Bitterweed, Basin Sneezeweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helenium autumnale
Common Sneezeweed, Fall Sneezeweed, Autumn Sneezeweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Helenium autumnale var. autumnale
Common Sneezeweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Helenium elegans
Pretty Sneezeweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helenium microcephalum
Smallhead Sneezeweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helianthemum georgianum
Georgia Frostweed, Rockrose, Georgia Sunrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helianthus annuus
Common Sunflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Helianthus ciliaris
Texas Blueweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helianthus maximiliani
Maximilian Sunflower, Max Sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Helianthus pauciflorus
Stiff Sunflower, Prairie Sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helianthus pauciflorus ssp. pauciflorus
Stiff Sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Helianthus petiolaris
Prairie Sunflower, Plains Sunflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Helianthus salicifolius
Willowleaf Sunflower, Willow-leaved Sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Heliotropium convolvulaceum
Phlox Heliotrope, Fragrant Heliotrope

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Heliotropium curassavicum
Salt Heliotrope, Seaside Heliotrope, Quail Plant, Cola De Mico, Cola De Gama

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Heliotropium greggii
Fragrant Heliotrope

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Heliotropium tenellum
Pasture Heliotrope, White Heliotrope

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Hesperostipa comata
Needle And Thread, Needle-and-thread

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Hesperostipa comata ssp. comata
Needle And Thread

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Hesperostipa neomexicana
New Mexico Feathergrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Heteranthera dubia
Grassleaf Mudplantain, Water Stargrass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Heteranthera limosa
Blue Mud Plantain, Blue Mudplantain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Heterotheca canescens
Gray Golden-aster, Hoary False Goldenaster

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Heterotheca stenophylla
Stiffleaf False Goldenaster, Sticky Granite-daisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Heterotheca subaxillaris
Camphorweed, Camphor Weed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Heterotheca villosa
Hairy False Goldenaster, Hairy Golden-aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Hexalectris nitida
Glass Mountain Crested Coralroot, Glass Mountain Crested Coral Root

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hexalectris spicata
Spiked Crested Coralroot, Spiked Crested Coral Root

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hexalectris warnockii
Texas Crested Coralroot, Texas Purple Spike, Texas Crested Coral Root

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hibiscus laevis
Halberdleaf Rosemallow, Halberdleaf Hibiscus, Scarlet Rose Mallow, Halberd-leaved Hibiscus, Halberd-leaved Rose-mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Hibiscus lasiocarpos
Woolly Rose-mallow, Woolly Mallow, Rose-mallow, False Cotton

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Hibiscus moscheutos
Crimson-eyed Rose-mallow, Marshmallow Hibiscus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Hilaria belangeri
Curly Mesquite Grass, Curly Mesquite

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Hilaria belangeri var. belangeri
Curly-mesquite

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Hoffmannseggia glauca
Indian Rushpea, Indian Rush-pea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hordeum jubatum
Foxtail Barley

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Hordeum jubatum ssp. jubatum
Foxtail Barley, Squirreltail Barley, Skunktail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Hordeum pusillum
Little Barley

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Houstonia acerosa
Needleleaf Bluet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Houstonia humifusa
Matted Bluet

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Houstonia pusilla
Tiny Bluets, Small Bluets, Star Violet

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hybanthus verticillatus
Babyslippers, Nodding Green Violet, Green Violet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Hydrocotyle verticillata
Whorled Marshpennywort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hymenopappus filifolius
Fineleaf Hymenopappus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hymenopappus filifolius var. cinereus
Fine-leaf Woolly-white, Fineleaf Hymenopappus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hymenopappus flavescens
Yellow Plainsman, Collegeflower

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Hymenopappus flavescens var. flavescens
Collegeflower

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hymenopappus scabiosaeus
Carolina Woollywhite, Old Plainsman, Woolly-white

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hymenopappus scabiosaeus var. corymbosus
Carolina Woollywhite, Old Plainsman

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hymenopappus tenuifolius
Chalk Hill Hymenopappus, Chalkhill Woolywhite

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hymenoxys odorata
Bitter Rubberweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hypoxis hirsuta
Common Goldstar, Yellow Star-grass, Eastern Yellow Star-grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ibervillea lindheimeri
Balsam Gourd, Lindheimer's Globeberry, Globe Berry, Snake-apple, Balsam-apple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Indigofera miniata
Scarlet Pea, Coastal Indigo, Texas Indigo, Western Indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Ipomoea leptophylla
Bush Morning-glory

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ipomoea pandurata
Man Of The Earth, Wild Potato, Wild Sweet Potato, Manroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ipomopsis longiflora
Flaxflowered Ipomopsis, Pale Trumpets, Paleflower Gilia, White-flower Skyrocket, White-flowered Gilia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Ipomopsis rubra
Standing Cypress, Texas Plume, Red Texas Star, Red Gilia

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Isoetes melanopoda
Blackfoot Quillwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Iva angustifolia
Narrowleaf Marshelder, Narrow-leaf Sumpweed, Narrowleaf Marsh Elder

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Iva annua
Annual Marshelder, Marshelder, Sumpweed, Annual Marsh Elder, Marsh Elder

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Juglans microcarpa
Little Walnut, Texas Walnut, Texas Black Walnut, River Walnut, Nogalito, Nogalillo, Namboca

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Juglans nigra
Black Walnut, Eastern Black Walnut, American Black Walnut

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Juncus arcticus ssp. littoralis
Baltic Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Juncus bufonius
Toad Rush

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Juncus dudleyi
Dudley's Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Juncus filipendulus
Ringseed Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Juncus interior
Inland Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Juncus interior var. interior
Inland Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Juncus marginatus
Grassleaf Rush, Grass Leaf Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Juncus nodatus
Stout Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Juncus polycephalos
Manyhead Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Juncus scirpoides
Needlepod Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Juncus texanus
Texas Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Juncus torreyi
Torrey's Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Juncus validus
Roundhead Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Juncus validus var. validus
Roundhead Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Juniperus ashei
Ashe Juniper, Ashe's Juniper, Mountain Cedar, Rock Cedar, Post Cedar, Texas Cedar, Brake Cedar, Mexican Juniper, Blueberry Juniper, Ozark White Cedar, Sabino, Enebro

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Juniperus monosperma
Oneseed Juniper, One-seed Juniper, Cherrystone Juniper, New Mexico Juniper, West Texas Juniper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Juniperus pinchotii
Pinchot's Juniper, Pinchot Juniper, Redberry Juniper, Texas Juniper, Christmasberry Juniper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Juniperus scopulorum
Rocky Mountain Juniper, Rocky Mountain Red Cedar, Mountain Red Cedar, Colorado Red Cedar, Western Red Cedar, River Juniper, Western Juniper, Cedro Rojo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Juniperus virginiana
Eastern Red Cedar, Eastern Redcedar, Virginia Juniper, Red Juniper, Pencil Cedar, Carolina Cedar, Red Savin, Baton Rouge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Justicia americana
American Water-willow, Water-willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Justicia pilosella
Hairy Tube-tongue, Gregg's Tube-tongue, False Honeysuckle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Kallstroemia parviflora
Warty Caltrop, Small-flowered Carpetweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Koeleria macrantha
Prairie Junegrass, Junegrass, Prairie Koeler's Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Krameria lanceolata
Trailing Krameria, Ratany, Crameria, Prairie Sandbur, Trailing Ratany

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Krascheninnikovia lanata
Winterfat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Krigia caespitosa
Weedy Dwarfdandelion, Dwarf Dandelion

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Krigia occidentalis
Western Dwarfdandelion

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lactuca floridana
Woodland Lettuce, Florida Lettuce

Duration: Annual, Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Lactuca ludoviciana
Western Wild Lettuce, Louisiana Wild Lettuce, Prairie Lettuce, Prairie Wild Lettuce, Biannual Lettuce

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Lantana urticoides
Texas Lantana, Calico Bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lappula occidentalis var. cupulata
Flatspine Stickseed, Western Stickseed

Duration: Annual, Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lathyrus polymorphus
Manystem Pea, Hoary Vetchling

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Lechea mucronata
Hairy Pinweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lechea san-sabeana
San Saba Pinweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lechea tenuifolia
Narrowleaf Pinweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Leersia oryzoides
Rice Cutgrass, Rice Cut Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Lemna aequinoctialis
Lesser Duckweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lemna minor
Common Duckweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Lemna valdiviana
Valdivia Duckweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lepidium austrinum
Southern Peppergrass, Southern Pepperwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lepidium densiflorum
Common Pepperweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lepidium oblongum
Veiny Pepperweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lepidium virginicum
Virginia Peppergrass, Virginia Pepperweed, Peppergrass, Poor Man's Pepper

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Leptochloa dubia
Green Sprangletop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Leptochloa fusca
Malabar Sprangletop

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Leptochloa fusca ssp. fascicularis
Bearded Sprangletop

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Leptochloa panicea
Mucronate Sprangletop, Red Sprangletop, Needle Sprangletop

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Leptochloa panicea ssp. brachiata
Red Sprangletop

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Lespedeza capitata
Roundhead Lespedeza, Roundhead Bush-clover, Round-headed Lespedeza, Round-headed Bush-clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lespedeza stuevei
Tall Bush-clover, Tall Lespedeza

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lespedeza texana
Texas Lespedeza, Texas Bush-clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Lespedeza violacea
Violet Lespedeza

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Lespedeza virginica
Slender Lespedeza, Slender Bush-clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Lesquerella densiflora
Denseflower Bladderpod, Low Bladderpod

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lesquerella fendleri
Fendler's Bladderpod, Popweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Lesquerella gordonii
Gordon's Bladderpod

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Lesquerella ovalifolia
Roundleaf Bladderpod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lesquerella recurvata
Gaslight Bladderpod, Slender Bladderpod

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Leucospora multifida
Narrowleaf Paleseed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Liatris aestivalis
Summer Gayfeather, Summer Blazing Star, Summer Liatris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Liatris punctata
Dotted Blazing Star, Dotted Gayfeather, Dotted Liatris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Liatris punctata var. mucronata
Texas Gayfeather, Texas Blazing Star, Texas Liatris, Cusp Liatris, Cusp Blazing Star, Cusp Gayfeather, Narrow-leaf Liatris, Narrow-leaf Blazing Star, Narrow-leaf Gayfeather

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Liatris squarrosa
Scaly Blazing Star, Scaly Gayfeather, Scaly Liatris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Liatris squarrosa var. glabrata
Scaly Blazing Star, Scaly Gayfeather, Scaly Liatris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Limnodea arkansana
Ozark Grass, Ozarkgrass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Lindernia dubia
Yellowseed False Pimpernel

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lindheimera texana
Texas Yellowstar, Texas Star, Texas Yellow-star, Lindheimer Daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Linum berlandieri
Berlandier's Yellow Flax

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Linum berlandieri var. berlandieri
Berlandier's Yellow Flax, Yellow Flax, Stiff-stem Flax

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Linum hudsonioides
Hudson Flax, Texas Flax, Yellow Flax

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Linum lewisii
Wild Blue Flax, Prairie Flax, Lewis Flax, Lewis's Flax

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Linum lewisii var. lewisii
Blue Flax, Prairie Flax

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Linum pratense
Meadow Flax

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Linum rigidum
Stiffstem Flax, Large-flower Yellow Flax, Yellow Flax

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Linum rigidum var. rigidum
Stiffstem Flax

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Linum rupestre
Rock Flax

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lipocarpha aristulata
Awned Halfchaff Sedge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Lithospermum caroliniense
Carolina Puccoon, Hairy Puccoon, Hispid Gromwell

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Lithospermum incisum
Fringed Puccoon, Golden Puccoon, Narrowleaf Puccoon, Narrow-leaved Puccoon, Puccoon, Narrowleaf Gromwell, Fringed Gromwell, Narrowleaf Stoneseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lobelia cardinalis
Cardinal Flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Loeflingia squarrosa
Spreading Pygmyleaf

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lomatium foeniculaceum ssp. daucifolium
Desert Biscuitroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lonicera albiflora
Western White Honeysuckle, White Shrub Honeysuckle, White Bush Honeysuckle, White Limestone Honeysuckle, Texas Honeysuckle, White Honeysuckle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Ludwigia peploides
Floating Primrose-willow, Water-primrose, Creeping†Water-primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Ludwigia repens
Creeping Primrose-willow, Floating Primrose-willow, Water Primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lupinus texensis
Texas Bluebonnet, Bluebonnet, Texas Lupine, Buffalo Clover, Wolf Flower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lycium berlandieri
Berlandier's Wolfberry, Wolfberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Lycopus americanus
American Water Horehound, Water Horehound

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Lygodesmia juncea
Rush Skeletonplant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lygodesmia texana
Texas Skeleton Plant, Texas Skeleton Weed, Skeleton-plant, Purple Dandelion, Flowering Straw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lythrum alatum
Winged Lythrum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Lythrum alatum var. lanceolatum
Winged Lythrum, Lance-leaf Loosestrife

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lythrum californicum
California Loosestrife

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Machaeranthera pinnatifida
Lacy Tansyaster, Yellow Spiny Daisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Machaeranthera pinnatifida ssp. pinnatifida
Lacy Tansyaster, Yellow Spiny Daisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Machaeranthera pinnatifida ssp. pinnatifida var. pinnatifida
Lacy Tansyaster, Yellow Spiny Daisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Machaeranthera tanacetifolia
Tahoka Daisy, Tansy-aster, Tansey-leaf Tansy-aster, Tansyleaf Tansyaster

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Maclura pomifera
Osage Orange, Bois d' Arc, Bodark, Horse Apple, Hedge Apple, Bowwood, Yellowwood, Naranjo Chino

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Mahonia trifoliolata
Agarita, Agarito, Algerita, Laredo Mahonia, Laredo Oregon-grape, Trifoliate Barberry, Wild Currant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Malvella lepidota
Scurfymallow, Malvalla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Malvella leprosa
Alkali Mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Marshallia caespitosa
Barbara's-buttons, Puffballs, White Barbara's-buttons

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Marshallia caespitosa var. signata
Marked Barbara's-buttons, Marked Barbara's Buttons, Puffballs

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Marsilea vestita
Hairy Water-clover, Hairy Waterclover, Hairy Water Clover, Clover Fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Matelea biflora
Purple Milkweed Vine, Star Milkvine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Matelea cynanchoides
Prairie Milkvine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Matelea reticulata
Pearl Milkweed Vine, Netted Milkvine, Green Milkweed Vine, Net Vein Milkvine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Melampodium leucanthum
Blackfoot Daisy, Rock Daisy, Plains Blackfoot, Arnica

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Melica nitens
Three-flower Melic, Tall Melicgrass, Threeflower Melicgrass, Melicgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Melothria pendula
Guadeloupe Cucumber, Meloncito, Speckled Gourd

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Melothria pendula var. pendula
Guadeloupe Cucumber

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light:
Water:

Menodora heterophylla
Low Menodora, Redbud, Twinpod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Menodora longiflora
Showy Menodora, Twinpod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Mentha arvensis
Wild Mint

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Mentzelia decapetala
Tenpetal Blazingstar

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mentzelia nuda
Bractless Blazingstar, Sand Lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mentzelia oligosperma
Stick-leaf, Chickenthief

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Mentzelia reverchonii
Reverchon's Blazingstar, Reverchon's Stick-leaf, Prairie Stickleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Mimosa aculeaticarpa
Catclaw Mimosa

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light:
Water:

Mimosa aculeaticarpa var. biuncifera
Catclaw Mimosa, Cat's-claw Mimosa, Wait-a-bit

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Mimosa borealis
Fragrant Mimosa, Pink Mimosa

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Mimosa nuttallii
Nuttall's Sensitive Briar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mimosa roemeriana
Roemer's Mimosa, Sensitive Briar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Mimosa rupertiana
Eastern Sensitive Plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mimulus glabratus
Roundleaf Monkeyflower, Yellow Monkeyflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mirabilis albida
White Four O'clock, Dwarf Four O'clock

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Mirabilis gigantea
Giant Four O'Clock

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mirabilis linearis
Narrowleaf Four O'Clock

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Mirabilis nyctaginea
Heartleaf Four O'Clock

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Mollugo verticillata
Green Carpetweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Monarda citriodora
Lemon Beebalm, Purple Horsemint, Lemon Mint, Plains Horsemint, Lemon Horsemint, Horsemint, Purple Lemon Mint

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Monarda clinopodioides
Basil Beebalm

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Monarda fistulosa
Wild Bergamot, Beebalm

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Monarda pectinata
Pony Beebalm

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Monarda punctata
Spotted Beebalm, Spotted Horsemint, Horsemint

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Monolepis nuttalliana
Nuttall's Povertyweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Morus microphylla
Texas Mulberry, Littleleaf Mulberry, Mountain Mulberry, Mexican Mulberry, Dwarf Mulberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Morus rubra
Red Mulberry, Moral

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Muhlenbergia arenicola
Sand Muhly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Muhlenbergia capillaris
Gulf Muhly, Hair-awn Muhly, Hairy-awn Muhly, Hair Grass, Pink Muhly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Muhlenbergia racemosa
Marsh Muhly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Muhlenbergia schreberi
Nimblewill

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Najas guadalupensis
Common Water Nymph, Southern Water Nymph, Najas

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Nama hispidum
Sand Bells, Bristly Nama, Sand-bell

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Nassella leucotricha
Texas Wintergrass, Texas Speargrass, Wintergrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Neeragrostis reptans
Creeping Lovegrass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Nekemias arborea
Peppervine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Nemastylis geminiflora
Prairie Celestials, Celestials, Prairie Pleatleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Neptunia lutea
Yellow Sensitive Briar, Yellow Puff

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Nolina texana
Texas Sacahuista, Texas Beargrass, Basket Grass, Sacahuista, Bunchgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Nothoscordum bivalve
Crow Poison, Crowpoison, False Garlic

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Nuphar lutea
Yellow Pond Lily, Yellow Cow Lily, Cow Lily, Spatter Dock, Wakas

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Nuphar lutea ssp. advena
Common Spatterdock, Spatterdock, Yellow Cow-lily, Cow-lily, Yellow Pond-lily, Brandy-bottle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Nuttallanthus texanus
Texas Toadflax, Texas Toad-flax, Toadflax

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Nyctaginia capitata
Devil's Bouquet, Scarlet Muskflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Oenothera albicaulis
Whitest Evening-primrose, White-stem Evening-primrose, Pale Evening-primrose

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Oenothera†calcicola
Texas Beeblossom, Limestone‚†Gaura

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Oenothera canescens
Spotted Evening-primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oenothera cinerea
Woolly Beeblossom, High Plains Beeblossom, Woolly Gaura, High Plains Gaura

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Oenothera curtiflora
Velvetweed, Velvetleaf Gaura, Lizard-tail Gaura, Willow Gaura

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oenothera engelmannii
Engelmann's Evening-primrose, Engelmann Evening Primrose

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oenothera grandis
Largeflower Eveningprimrose, Showy Evening-primrose, Showy Eveningprimrose

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oenothera jamesii
River Primrose, Trumpet Evening Primrose, Trumpet Evening-primrose

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Oenothera laciniata
Cutleaf Evening-primrose, Cut-leaved Evening Primrose

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Oenothera macrocarpa
Bigfruit Evening-primrose, Missouri Evening-primrose, Fluttermill, Big-fruit Evening-primrose, Missouri Primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Oenothera macrocarpa ssp. incana
Bigfruit Evening-primrose, Silver Leaf‚†Primrose‚†

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Oenothera macrocarpa ssp. macrocarpa
Bigfruit Evening-primrose, Fluttermill, Missouri Evening Primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Oenothera patriciae
Plains Beeblossom, Plains Gaura

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oenothera rhombipetala
Diamond Petal Primrose, Four-point Evening Primrose, Fourpoint Evening-primrose, Greater Four-point Evening-primrose

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Oenothera†sinuosa
Wavyleaf Beeblossom, Wavyleaf Gaura

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oenothera speciosa
Pink Evening Primrose, Showy Evening Primrose, Mexican Evening Primrose, Showy Primrose, Pink Ladies, Buttercups, Pink Buttercups

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Oenothera suffrutescens
Scarlet Beeblossom, Scarlet Gaura

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Oenothera†suffulta
Kisses, Wild Honeysuckle, Beeblossom, Roadside Gaura

Duration: Annual
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Oenothera triloba
Stemless Evening-primrose, Stemless Evening Primrose

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Oenothera villosa
Hairy Evening Primrose

Duration: Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oenothera villosa ssp. villosa
Hairy Evening-primrose

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oenothera†xerogaura
Drummond's Beeblossom, Drummond's Gaura

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oligoneuron nitidum
Shiny Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Onosmodium bejariense
Soft-hair Marbleseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Dry

Onosmodium bejariense var. bejariense
Soft-hair Marbleseed, False Gromwell

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Onosmodium bejariense var. occidentale
Western Marbleseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ophioglossum engelmannii
Limestone Adder's-tongue, Limestone Adderstongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light:
Water:

Opuntia engelmannii
Cactus Apple, Prickly Pear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Opuntia engelmannii var. lindheimeri
Texas Prickly Pear, Lindheimer's Prickly Pear, Lindheimer Prickly Pear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Opuntia humifusa
Low Prickly Pear, Smooth Prickly Pear, Devil's Tongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Opuntia macrorhiza
Bigroot Prickly Pear, Twist-spine Prickly Pear, Common Prickly Pear, Plains Prickly Pear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Opuntia phaeacantha
Tulip Prickly Pear, Brownspine Prickly Pear Cactus, Purple-fruited Prickly Pear, Brown-spined Prickly Pear, New Mexico Prickly Pear, Desert Prickly Pear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Opuntia strigil
Marblefruit Pricklypear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light:
Water:

Orobanche ludoviciana
Louisiana Broomrape

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Orobanche ludoviciana ssp. multiflora
Manyflower Broomrape

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oxalis albicans
Radishroot Woodsorrel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Oxalis dillenii
Slender Yellow Wood Sorrel, Yellow Wood Sorrel, Yellow Woodsorrel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oxalis violacea
Violet Woodsorrel, Violet Wood-sorrel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Oxytropis lambertii
Purple Locoweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Packera plattensis
Prairie Groundsel, Prairie Ragwort

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Packera tampicana
Yellowtop, Great Plains Ragwort, Butterweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Palafoxia callosa
Small Palafox, Small Palafoxia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Palafoxia rosea
Rosy Palafox, Rose Palafoxia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Palafoxia rosea var. macrolepis
Rosy Palafox

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Palafoxia sphacelata
Othake, Sand Palafoxia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Dry

Panicum capillare
Witchgrass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Panicum dichotomiflorum
Fall Panicgrass, Fall Panic Grass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Panicum diffusum
West Indian Panicgrass, West Indian Panic Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Panicum hallii
Hall's Panicgrass, Hall's Panic Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Panicum obtusum
Vine Mesquite

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Panicum virgatum
Switchgrass, Wand Panic Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Panicum virgatum var. virgatum
Switchgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Pappophorum bicolor
Pink Pappasgrass, Pink Pappusgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Pappophorum vaginatum
Whiplash Pappusgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Parietaria pensylvanica
Pennsylvania Pellitory, Pennsylvania Cucumber Plant

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Paronychia jamesii
James' Nailwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Paronychia lindheimeri
Forked Nailwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Paronychia virginica
Whitlow-wort, Broom Nailwort, Yellow Nailwort, Park's Nailwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Parthenium confertum
Gray's Feverfew

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Parthenocissus heptaphylla
Sevenleaf Creeper, Seven-leaf Creeper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Parthenocissus quinquefolia
Virginia Creeper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Parthenocissus vitacea
Hiedra Creeper, Woodbine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Pascopyrum smithii
Western Wheatgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Paspalidium geminatum
Egyptian Panicgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Paspalum distichum
Knotgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Pediomelum cuspidatum
Indian-turnip, Largebract Indian Breadroot, Tall Scurfy Pea, Tall-bread Scurf-pea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pediomelum digitatum
Palmleaf Indian Breadroot, Palm-leaf Scurf-pea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pediomelum hypogaeum
Subterranean Indian Breadroot , Edible Scurf-pea, Prairie-potato, Pomme Blanche

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pediomelum hypogaeum var. hypogaeum
Subterranean Indian Breadroot, Indian Breadroot, Edible Scurf-pea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pediomelum latestipulatum
Texas Plains Indian Breadroot, Scurfpea, Scurf-pea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pediomelum latestipulatum var. latestipulatum
Texas Plains Indian Breadroot, Scurfpea, Scurf-pea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pediomelum linearifolium
Narrowleaf Indian Breadroot, Narrow-leaf Scurf-pea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pediomelum rhombifolium
Gulf Indian Breadroot, Brown-flowered Psoralea, Round-leaf Scurf-pea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pellaea atropurpurea
Purple Cliffbrake

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light:
Water: Dry

Pellaea wrightiana
Wright's Cliffbrake Fern, Wright's Cliffbrake

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light:
Water:

Penstemon albidus
White Penstemon, White Beardtongue, Red-line Penstemon, Red-line Beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Penstemon ambiguus
Pink Plains Penstemon, Pink Plains Beardtongue, Gilia Penstemon, Gilia Beardtongue, Sand Penstemon, Sand Beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Penstemon buckleyi
Buckley's Penstemon, Buckley's Beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Penstemon cobaea
Prairie Penstemon, Prairie Beardtongue, Foxglove Penstemon, Foxglove Beardtongue, False Foxglove, Large-flowered Penstemon, Large-flowered Beardtongue, Cobaea Penstemon, Cobaea Beardtongue, Wild Foxglove

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Penstemon fendleri
Fendler's Penstemon, Fendler's Beardtongue, Fendler Penstemon, Fendler Beardtongue, Purple Foxglove

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Penstemon grandiflorus
Large Penstemon, Large Beardtongue, Large-flower Penstemon, Large-flower Beardtongue, Large-flowered Penstemon, Large-flowered Beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Penstemon guadalupensis
Guadalupe Penstemon, Guadalupe Beardtongue, White Penstemon, White Beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Penstemon laxiflorus
Nodding Penstemon, Nodding Beardtongue, Loose-flowered Penstemon, Loose-flowered Beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Penstemon triflorus
Hill Country Penstemon, Hill Country Beardtongue, Scarlet Penstemon, Scarlet Beardtongue, Heller's Penstemon, Heller's Beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Penstemon triflorus ssp. integrifolius
Heller's Penstemon, Heller's Beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Penthorum sedoides
Ditch Stonecrop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Phacelia congesta
Caterpillars, Blue Curls, Fiddleneck

Duration: Annual, Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Phacelia integrifolia
Gypsum Phacelia, Gyp Blue-curls

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Phacelia patuliflora
Sand Phacelia, Sand Scorpionweed, Blue Phacelia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Phacelia patuliflora var. teucriifolia
Sand Phacelia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phacelia popei
Pope's Phacelia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phacelia strictiflora
Prairie Phacelia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phalaris caroliniana
Carolina Canarygrass, Maygrass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Phemeranthus aurantiacus
Orange Flameflower, Flameflower, Fameflower, Talinum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Phemeranthus calycinus
Largeflower Flameflower, Largeflower Fameflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Phemeranthus parviflorus
Sunbright, Dwarf Flameflower, Prairie Flameflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Phlox drummondii
Annual Phlox, Drummond Phlox, Pride-of-Texas, Texas Pride

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Phlox drummondii ssp. mcallisteri
Mcallister's Phlox, Drummond Phlox

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phlox pilosa
Downy Phlox, Prairie Phlox, Fragrant Phlox

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Phlox pilosa ssp. pilosa
Downy Phlox, Fragrant Phlox, Prairie Phlox

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Phlox roemeriana
Goldeneye Phlox, Golden-eye Phlox

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Phoradendron tomentosum
Christmas Mistletoe, Mistletoe, Injerto

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Phragmites australis
Common Reed, Phragmites

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Phyla cuneifolia
Wedgeleaf, Wedgeleaf Frogfruit, Wedgeleaf Fogfruit

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Phyla lanceolata
Lanceleaf Frogfruit, Lanceleaf Fogfruit

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phyla nodiflora
Texas Frogfruit, Turkey Tangle Fogfruit, Frogfruit

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Phyllanthus abnormis
Drummond's Leaf-flower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phyllanthus polygonoides
Smartweed Leaf-flower, Knotweed Leafflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Physalis angulata
Cutleaf Groundcherry

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Physalis cinerascens
Smallflower Groundcherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Physalis cinerascens var. cinerascens
Smallflower Groundcherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Physalis hederifolia
Ivyleaf Groundcherry, Ivy-leaf Groundcherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Physalis heterophylla
Clammy Groundcherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Dry

Physalis longifolia
Longleaf Groundcherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Physalis longifolia var. longifolia
Longleaf Groundcherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Physostegia virginiana
Fall Obedient Plant, False Dragonhead, Virginia Lions-heart

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Physostegia virginiana ssp. praemorsa
Fall Obedient Plant, False Dragonhead, Lionheart, Obedient Plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Phytolacca americana
American Pokeweed, Great Pokeweed, Pokeweed, Pokeberry, Red Ink Plant, Pigeonberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Picradeniopsis woodhousei
Woodhouse's Bahia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Pilostyles thurberi
Pilostyles, Thurber's Stemsucker

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pinaropappus roseus
White Rocklettuce, White Dandelion, Pink Dandelion, White Rock Lettuce

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Plantago helleri
Heller's Plantain, Cedar Plantain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Plantago heterophylla
Slender Plantain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Plantago hookeriana
California Plantain, Tallow Weed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Plantago patagonica
Woolly Plantain, Bristle-bract Plantain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Plantago rhodosperma
Redseed Plantain, Red-seeded Plantain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Plantago rugelii
Blackseed Plantain, Pale Plantain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Plantago rugelii var. rugelii
Blackseed Plantain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Plantago virginica
Virginia Plantain, Paleseed Indian-wheat, Dwarf Plantain, Paleseed Plantain, Hoary Plantain, Southern Plantain

Duration: Annual, Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Plantago wrightiana
Wright's Plantain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pleuraphis jamesii
James' Galleta

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Pleuraphis mutica
Tobosagrass, Tobosa Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Pluchea odorata
Sweetscent, Saltmarsh Fleabane

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Pluchea odorata var. odorata
Sweetscent, Marsh Fleabane, Southern Marsh Fleabane

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Poa arachnifera
Texas Bluegrass, Texas Blue Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Poa bigelovii
Bigelow's Bluegrass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Poa pratensis
Kentucky Bluegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Polanisia dodecandra
Redwhisker Clammyweed, Clammyweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polanisia dodecandra ssp. trachysperma
Clammy-weed, Clammyweed, Sandyseed Clammyweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Polygala alba
White Milkwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Polygala lindheimeri
Shrubby Milkwort, Purple Milkwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Polygala lindheimeri var. parvifolia
Shrubby Milkwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Polygonum amphibium
Water Knotweed, Water Smartweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Polygonum amphibium var. emersum
Longroot Smartweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polygonum hydropiperoides
Swamp Smartweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Polygonum lapathifolium
Curlytop Knotweed, Curl-top Smartweed, Pale Smartweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polygonum pensylvanicum
Pennsylvania Smartweed, Pink Smartweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Polygonum punctatum
Dotted Smartweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Polygonum ramosissimum
Bushy Knotweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polygonum scandens
Climbing False Buckwheat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Polypremum procumbens
Juniper Leaf, Rustweed

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polytaenia nuttallii
Nuttall's Prairie Parsley, Prairie Parsley, Wild Dill, Prairie Parsnip

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Polytaenia texana
Texas Prairie Parsley, Texas-parsley, Texas Parsley

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Pomaria jamesii
James Rush-pea, James' Holdback

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Populus deltoides
Eastern Cottonwood, Carolina Poplar, Necklace Poplar, Alamo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Populus deltoides ssp. deltoides
Eastern Cottonwood, Southern Cottonwood, Carolina Poplar, Eastern Poplar, Necklace Poplar, Alamo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Populus deltoides ssp. monilifera
Plains Cottonwood, Great Plains Cottonwood, Texas Cottonwood, Northern Cottonwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Portulaca pilosa
Kiss Me Quick, Chisme

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Potamogeton foliosus
Leafy Pondweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Potamogeton foliosus ssp. foliosus
Leafy Pondweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Potamogeton illinoensis
Illinois Pondweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Potamogeton nodosus
Knotty Pondweed, Longleaf Pondweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Potamogeton pusillus
Small Pondweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Proboscidea louisianica
Louisiana Devil's-claw, Devil's-claw, Ram's-horn, Unicorn Plant, Proboscis Flower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Proboscidea louisianica ssp. louisianica
Ram's Horn, Devil's Claw, Unicorn Plant, Ram's Horn

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Prosopis glandulosa
Honey Mesquite, Glandular Mesquite, Algarroba

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Prunella vulgaris
Common Selfheal

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Prunus angustifolia
Chickasaw Plum, Sandhill Plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Prunus gracilis
Oklahoma Plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Prunus rivularis
River Plum, Creek Plum, Hog Plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Pseudognaphalium obtusifolium
Sweet Everlasting, Rabbit-tobacco, Fragrant Cudweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pseudognaphalium obtusifolium ssp. obtusifolium
Blunt-leaf Rabbit-tobacco, Rabbit Tobacco, Sweet Everlasting, Fragrant Cudweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Psilostrophe tagetina
Woolly Paperflower, Paperflower

Duration: Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Psilostrophe tagetina var. cerifera
Woolly Paperflower, Plains Paperflower, Hairy Paperflower

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Psoralidium tenuiflorum
Slimflower Scurfpea, Scurfy Pea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ptelea trifoliata
Wafer Ash, Common Hoptree, Hop Tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Ptelea trifoliata ssp. trifoliata
Baldwin Hop-tree, Common Hoptree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Pyrrhopappus grandiflorus
Tuberous Desert-chicory

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pyrrhopappus pauciflorus
Smallflower Desert-chicory, Texas Dandelion, False Dandelion

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Quercus buckleyi
Texas Red Oak, Buckley Oak, Texas Oak, Spanish Oak, Spotted Oak, Rock Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus fusiformis
Escarpment Live Oak, Plateau Live Oak, Hill Country Live Oak, Texas Live Oak, Scrub Live Oak, Plateau Oak, Encino Molino, Tesmoli

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus havardii
Havard Oak, Havard Shin-oak, Shinnery Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus margaretta
Sand Post Oak, Runner Oak, Drummond Post Oak, Dwarf Post Oak, Scrubby Post Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Quercus marilandica
Blackjack Oak, Barren Oak, Black Oak, Jack Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus mohriana
Mohr Oak, Shin Oak, Scrub Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus muehlenbergii
Chinkapin Oak, Chinquapin Oak, Chestnut Oak, Yellow Chestnut Oak, Rock Chestnut Oak, Yellow Oak, Rock Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus shumardii
Shumard Oak, Shumard's Oak, Shumard Red Oak, Southern Red Oak, Swamp Red Oak, Spotted Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Quercus sinuata
Bastard Oak, Durand Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Quercus sinuata var. breviloba
White Shin Oak, Bigelow Oak, Scaly-bark Oak, Limestone Durand Oak, Shortlobe Oak, Bastard Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus stellata
Post Oak, Iron Oak, Cross Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quincula lobata
Purple Groundcherry, Chinese Lantern, Purple Ground Cherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ranunculus longirostris
Longbeak Buttercup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Ranunculus pusillus
Low Spearwort, Weakstem Buttercup

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ranunculus sceleratus
Cursed Buttercup

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Ranunculus sceleratus var. sceleratus
Cursed Buttercup

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ratibida columnifera
Mexican Hat, Red-spike Mexican Hat, Upright Prairie Coneflower, Prairie Coneflower, Long-headed Coneflower, Thimbleflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Rhus glabra
Smooth Sumac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Rhus lanceolata
Prairie Flameleaf Sumac, Flameleaf Sumac, Prairie Sumac, Lance-leaf Sumac, Lance-leaved Sumac, Texas Sumac, Tree Sumac, Limestone Sumac, Prairie Shining Sumac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Rhus microphylla
Littleleaf Sumac, Desert Sumac, Correosa, Agritos

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Rhus trilobata
Skunkbush, Skunkbush Sumac, Fragrant Sumac, Aromatic Sumac, Scented Sumac, Ill-scented Sumac, Basketbush, Squawbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Rhus trilobata var. pilosissima
Downy Fragrant Sumac, Downy Aromatic Sumac, Pubescent Skunkbush Sumac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Rhus trilobata var. trilobata
Skunkbush Sumac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Rhus virens
Evergreen Sumac, Tobacco Sumac, Lambrisco, Lentrisco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Rhynchosia latifolia
Prairie Snoutbean

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Rhynchosia minima
Least Snoutbean

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Rhynchosia senna
Texas Snoutbean

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light:
Water:

Rhynchosia senna var. texana
Texas Snout-bean, Texas Snoutbean

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Rhynchosida physocalyx
Bladderpod Sida, Buffpetal, Beaked Sida

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rhynchospora colorata
Whitetop Sedge, White-topped Sedge, Starrush Whitetop, Star Sedge, Star Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Ribes aureum
Golden Currant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Ribes aureum var. villosum
Clove Currant, Golden Currant, Buffalo Currant, Missouri Currant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Robinia pseudoacacia
Black Locust

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Rorippa palustris
Bog Yellowcress

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rosa arkansana
Prairie Rose, Arkansas Rose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Rosa foliolosa
White Prairie Rose, Leafy Rose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Ruellia humilis
Prairie Petunia, Fringeleaf Wild Petunia, Hairy Ruellia, Low Wild Petunia, Low Ruellia, Fringeleaf Ruellia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ruellia metziae
White Ruellia, Metz's Wild Petunia, Metz Wild Petunia, Wild White Petunia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Rumex altissimus
Pale Dock

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rumex hastatulus
Heart-wing Sorrel, Heartwing Sorrel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rumex hymenosepalus
Canaigre Dock, Canaigre, Desert Rhubarb

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sabatia campestris
Texas Star, Rose Gentian, Meadow Pink, Prairie Rose-gentian, Prairie Sabatia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Sagittaria calycina
Hooded Arrowhead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sagittaria cuneata
Arumleaf Arrowhead, Narrowleaf Arrowhead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Sagittaria latifolia
Broadleaf Arrowhead, Arrowhead, Duckroot, Duck-potato, Wapato

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Sagittaria longiloba
Longbarb Arrowhead, Flecha De Agua, Long-lobe Arrowhead, Long-barb Arrowhead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Sagittaria platyphylla
Delta Arrowhead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Salix amygdaloides
Peachleaf Willow, Peach-leaf Willow, Almond-leaf Willow, Almond Willow, Peach Willow, Southwestern Peach Willow, Wright Willow, Wright Peachleaf Willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Salix exigua
Coyote Willow, Narrow-leaf Willow, Narrowleaf Willow, Sandbar Willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Salix gooddingii
Goodding's Willow, San Joaquin Willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Salix nigra
Black Willow, Gulf Black Willow, Swamp Willow, Sauz

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Salvia azurea
Pitcher Sage, Big Blue Sage, Azure Sage, Giant Blue Sage, Blue Sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Salvia azurea var. grandiflora
Pitcher Sage, Blue Sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Salvia farinacea
Mealy Blue Sage, Mealy Sage, Mealycup Sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Salvia greggii
Autumn Sage, Cherry Sage, Gregg Salvia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Salvia reflexa
Mintweed, Lanceleaf Sage, Lamb's-leaf Sage, Rocky Mountain Sage, Sage Mint, Blue Sage

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Salvia texana
Texas Sage, Blue Sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Sambucus nigra
Black Elderberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light:
Water:

Sambucus nigra ssp. canadensis
Common Elderberry, Black Elder, Mexican Elderberry, Common Elder, Elderberry, Tapiro, Sauco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Samolus ebracteatus
Limewater Brookweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Samolus ebracteatus ssp. cuneatus
Limerock Brookweed, Limewater Brookweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Samolus valerandi
Seaside Brookweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Samolus valerandi ssp. parviflorus
Seaside Brookweed, Water Pimpernel, Thin-leaf Brookweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Sanicula canadensis
Canadian Blacksnakeroot, Black Snakeroot

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sapindus saponaria
Wingleaf Soapberry, Soapberry, Wild China Tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Sapindus saponaria var. drummondii
Western Soapberry, Soapberry, Wild China Tree, Wild Chinaberry, Indian Soap Plant, Jaboncillo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Schedonnardus paniculatus
Tumblegrass, Tumble Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Schizachyrium scoparium
Little Bluestem, Popotillo Azul

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Schoenoplectus acutus
Hardstem Bulrush, Tule

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Schoenoplectus acutus var. acutus
Hardstem Bulrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Schoenoplectus californicus
California Bulrush, California Club-rush, Giant Bulrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Schoenoplectus pungens
Common Threesquare, Chairmaker's-rush, American Bulrush, Threesquare Bulrush, Sharp Clubrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani
Softstem Bulrush, Soft-stem Club-rush, Great Bulrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Scirpus atrovirens
Green Bulrush, Dark Green Bulrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Scirpus cyperinus
Woolgrass, Cottongrass Bulrush, Marsh Bulrush, Teddybear Paws

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Scleria ciliata
Fringed Nutrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Scleropogon brevifolius
Burrograss

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Scutellaria drummondii
Drummond's Skullcap

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Scutellaria drummondii var. edwardsiana
Drummond's Skullcap

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Scutellaria galericulata
Marsh Skullcap

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Scutellaria lateriflora
Blue Skullcap

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Scutellaria resinosa
Resin-dot Skullcap, Resinous Skullcap, Shrubby Skullcap, Sticky Skullcap

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Scutellaria wrightii
Wright's Skullcap, Bushy Skullcap, Shrubby†Skullcap

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Selinocarpus diffusus
Spreading Moonpod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub, Shrub
Light:
Water:

Senecio ampullaceus
Texas Ragwort, Texas Groundsel, Texas Butterweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Senecio flaccidus
Threadleaf Ragwort, Threadleaf Groundsel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Senecio riddellii
Riddell's Ragwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Senegalia†roemeriana
Roemer Acacia, Roemer's Acacia, Roundflower Catclaw, Round-flowered Catclaw, Catclaw Acacia, Catclaw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Senegalia wrightii
Wright Acacia, Wright's Acacia, Catclaw Acacia, Catclaw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Senna pumilio
Dwarf Senna

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Senna roemeriana
Twoleaf Senna, Two Leaved Senna

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Sesuvium verrucosum
Verrucose Seapurslane, Western Sea Purslane

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Setaria leucopila
Streambed Bristlegrass, Plains Bristlegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Setaria parviflora
Marsh Bristlegrass, Knotroot Bristlegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Setaria reverchonii
Reverchon's Bristlegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Setaria scheelei
Southwestern Bristlegrass, Scheele's Bristlegrass, Scheele's Foxtail Grass, Foxtail Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sibara virginica
Virginia Winged Rockcress

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sida lindheimeri
Lindheimer's Sida, Showy Fanpetals

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sideroxylon lanuginosum
Gum Bumelia, Gum Bully, Woollybucket Bumelia, Woolly Bumelia, Gum Woollybucket, Woolly Buckthorn, Chittamwood, Shittamwood, Gum Elastic, Coma, Black Haw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Sideroxylon lanuginosum ssp. oblongifolium
Gum Bully, Chittamwood, Gum Elastic Tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Silene antirrhina
Sleepy Silene, Sleepy Catchfly

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Silphium albiflorum
White Rosinweed, White-flowered Rosinweed, Compass Plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Simsia calva
Awnless Bush Sunflower, Bush Sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Sisyrinchium angustifolium
Narrowleaf Blue-eyed Grass, Narrow-leaf Blue-eyed-grass, Bermuda Blue-eyed Grass, Blue-eyed Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Sisyrinchium chilense
Sword-leaf Blue-eyed Grass, Swordleaf Blue-eyed Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sisyrinchium montanum
Strict Blue-eyed Grass, Mountain Blue-eyed Grass, Common Blue-eyed Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sisyrinchium montanum var. montanum
Strict Blue-eyed Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Smilax bona-nox
Sawbriar, Saw Greenbriar, Catbriar, Bullbriar, Stretchberry Vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Solanum americanum
American Black Nightshade

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Solanum carolinense
Carolina Horsenettle, Carolina Horse-nettle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solanum citrullifolium
Watermelon Nightshade, Melonleaf Nightshade

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solanum dimidiatum
Western Horsenettle, Western Horse-nettle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solanum douglasii
Greenspot Nightshade

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Solanum elaeagnifolium
Silverleaf Nightshade, Silver-leaf Nightshade, White Horse Nettle, Trompillo, Tomato Weed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Solanum rostratum
Buffalo Bur, Buffalo Bur Nightshade, Buffalobur Nightshade

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Solidago altissima
Tall Goldenrod, Late Goldenrod, Canadian Goldenrod, Canada Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Solidago canadensis
Canada Goldenrod, Canadian Goldenrod, Tall Goldenrod, Giant Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Solidago canadensis var. gilvocanescens
Shorthair Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Solidago gigantea
Giant Goldenrod, Smooth Goldenrod, Tall Goldenrod, Late Goldenrod, Early Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Solidago missouriensis
Missouri Goldenrod, Prairie Goldenrod, Missouri Basin Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Solidago mollis
Velvety Goldenrod, Velvet Goldenrod, Soft Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Solidago nemoralis
Gray Goldenrod, Prairie Goldenrod, Oldfield Goldenrod, Grayleaf Goldenrod, Gray-leaved Goldenrod, Dyersweed Goldenrod, Dwarf Goldenrod, Field Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Solidago petiolaris
Downy Ragged Goldenrod, Downy Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago radula
Western Rough Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago speciosa
Showy Goldenrod, Noble Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Solidago ulmifolia
Elmleaf Goldenrod, Elm-leaved Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Sophora nuttalliana
Silky Sophora

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sorghastrum nutans
Indiangrass, Yellow Indiangrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Spartina pectinata
Prairie Cordgrass, Freshwater Cordgrass, Sloughgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Spermolepis divaricata
Roughfruit Scaleseed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Spermolepis echinata
Bristly Scaleseed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Spermolepis inermis
Red River Scaleseed, Spreading Scaleseed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sphaeralcea angustifolia
Narrowleaf Globemallow, Copper Globemallow, Copper Mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Sphaeralcea coccinea
Scarlet Globemallow, Caliche Globemallow

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Sphaeralcea hastulata
Spear Globemallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Sphenopholis obtusata
Prairie Wedgescale

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Spiranthes magnicamporum
Great Plains Ladies'-tresses, Great Plains Lady's Tresses

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Spiranthes vernalis
Spring Ladies'-tresses, Spring Lady's Tresses

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Spirodela polyrrhiza
Common Duckmeat, Giant Duckweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sporobolus airoides
Alkali Sacaton, Zacate Alcalino

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Sporobolus clandestinus
Rough Dropseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Sporobolus compositus
Composite Dropseed, Tall Dropseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Sporobolus compositus var. compositus
Composite Dropseed, Tall Dropseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Sporobolus cryptandrus
Sand Dropseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Sporobolus giganteus
Giant Dropseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Sporobolus pyramidatus
Whorled Dropseed, Target Dropseed, Madagascar Dropseed

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Sporobolus vaginiflorus
Poverty Dropseed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Stellaria prostrata
Prostrate Starwort, Prostrate Chickweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Stenaria nigricans
Bluets, Diamond-flowers

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Stenaria nigricans var. nigricans
Diamondflowers, Narrowleaf Bluets, Baby's Breath, Bluets, Fine-leaf Bluets

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Stenosiphon linifolius
False Gaura

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Stephanomeria pauciflora
Brownplume Wirelettuce, Brown-plume Desert Straw, Fewflower Wirelettuce, Prairie Skeletonplant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Stillingia sylvatica
Queen's-delight

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Stillingia texana
Texas Queen's Delight, Queen's Delight, Texas Toothleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Stillingia treculiana
Trecul's Toothleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Streptanthus hyacinthoides
Smooth Jewelflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Strophostyles helvola
Trailing Fuzzybean, Amberique-bean, Trailing Wild Bean

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun
Water:

Strophostyles leiosperma
Slickseed Fuzzybean

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Stuckenia pectinata
Sago Pondweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Stylosanthes biflora
Sidebeak Pencilflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Suaeda calceoliformis
Pursh Seepweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Symphyotrichum divaricatum
Southern Annual Saltmarsh Aster, Lawn American-aster, White Wood Aster, Saltmarsh Aster, Slender Aster

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Symphyotrichum drummondii
Drummond's Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Symphyotrichum drummondii var. texanum
Drummond's Aster, Texas Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Symphyotrichum ericoides
White Heath Aster, Heath Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Symphyotrichum ericoides var. ericoides
White Heath Aster, Heath Aster, White Aster, White Prairie Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Symphyotrichum falcatum
White Prairie Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Symphyotrichum lanceolatum
Whitepanicle Aster, Panicled Aster, Lanceleaf Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Symphyotrichum lanceolatum ssp. hesperium
White Panicle Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Symphyotrichum oblongifolium
Aromatic Aster, Aromatic American Aster, Fall Aster, Wild Blue Aster, Shale Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Symphyotrichum praealtum
Willowleaf Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Symphyotrichum praealtum var. praealtum
Tall Aster, Willowleaf Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Tephrosia lindheimeri
Lindheimer's Hoarypea, Hoary Pea, Lindheimer Tephrosia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Tephrosia onobrychoides
Multibloom Hoarypea, Multibloom Tephrosia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tephrosia virginiana
Goat's Rue, Virginia Tephrosia, Devil's Shoestring

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Tetraclea coulteri
Coulter's Wrinklefruit

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Tetraneuris acaulis
Stemless Four-nerve Daisy, Stemless Hymenoxys, Bitterweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tetraneuris acaulis var. acaulis
Stemless Four-nerve Daisy, Stemless Goldflower, Stemless Rubber Weed, Butte Marigold, Bitterweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Tetraneuris linearifolia
Fineleaf Fournerved Daisy, Slender-leaf Hymenoxys, Bitterweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tetraneuris scaposa
Four-nerve Daisy, Hymenoxys, Stemmy Four-nerve Daisy, Yellow Daisy, Bitterweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Tetraneuris scaposa var. scaposa
Four-nerve Daisy, Hymenoxys, Stemmy Four-nerve Daisy, Bitterweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Teucrium canadense
Canada Germander, American Germander, Canadian Germander, Germander, Hairy Germander, Wood Sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Teucrium canadense var. canadense
Canada Germander

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Teucrium laciniatum
Lacy Germander, Cut-leaf Germander, Dwarf Germander

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Thalictrum dasycarpum
Purple Meadow-rue, Tall Meadow-rue, Meadow Rue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Thamnosma texana
Texas Desert-rue, Dutchman's Breeches, Rue Of The Mountains, Ruda Del Monte

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Thelesperma ambiguum
Colorado Greenthread

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Thelesperma filifolium
Stiff Greenthread, Greenthread

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Thelesperma filifolium var. filifolium
Stiff Greenthread, Showy Navajo Tea, Greenthread

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Thelesperma filifolium var. intermedium
Stiff Greenthread

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Thelesperma megapotamicum
Hopi Tea Greenthread, Green Threads, Navajo Tea, Cota

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Thelesperma simplicifolium
Slender Greenthread, Navajo Tea, Cota

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Thymophylla acerosa
Prickly-leaf Dogweed, Texas Dogweed, Shrubby Dogweed, Prickleleaf Dogweed, Prickleaf Dogweed, Fetid Marigold, Scrubby Dogweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Thymophylla pentachaeta
Parralena, Fiveneedle Pricklyleaf, Five-needle Fetid Marigold

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Thymophylla pentachaeta var. pentachaeta
Parralena, Fiveneedle Pricklyleaf, Dogweed, Dyssodia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Thymophylla tenuiloba
Bristleleaf Pricklyleaf

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Thymophylla tenuiloba var. tenuiloba
Bristleleaf Pricklyleaf

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tidestromia lanuginosa
Woolly Tidestromia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tillandsia recurvata
Small Ball Moss, Ball Moss

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tiquilia canescens
Woody Crinklemat, Shrubby Coldenia, Shrubby Tiquilia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Tiquilia canescens var. canescens
Woolly Crinklemat, Woody Crinklemat, Dog's Ear, Oreja De Perro, Rat's Ear Coldenia, Woody Tiquilia, Gray Tiquilia, Gray Coldenia, Shrubby Coldenia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Townsendia exscapa
Stemless Townsend Daisy, Stemless Townsend-daisy, Easter Daisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Toxicodendron radicans
Eastern Poison Ivy, Poison Ivy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Vine
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Toxicodendron rydbergii
Western Poison Ivy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Tradescantia occidentalis
Prairie Spiderwort, Western Spiderwort, Spiderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Tradescantia ohiensis
Ohio Spiderwort, Bluejacket

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Tragia betonicifolia
Betonyleaf Noseburn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tragia brevispica
Shortspike Noseburn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Tragia ramosa
Branched Noseburn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Trichostema brachiatum
Fluxweed, False Pennyroyal

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tridens albescens
White Tridens, White Top

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Tridens congestus
Pink Fluffgrass, Pink Tridens

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Tridens eragrostoides
Lovegrass Tridens

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Tridens flavus
Purpletop Tridens, Redtop Tridens, Tall Redtop Tridens, Purpletop, Redtop, Tall Redtop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Tridens flavus var. flavus
Purpletop Tridens

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Tridens muticus
Slim Tridens

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Triodanis biflora
Small Venus' Looking-glass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Triodanis holzingeri
Holzinger's Venus' Looking-glass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Triodanis leptocarpa
Slimpod Venus' Looking-glass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Triodanis perfoliata
Clasping Venus's Looking-glass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Dry

Triplasis purpurea
Purple Sandgrass, Purple Triplasis

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Tripsacum dactyloides
Eastern Gamagrass, Fakahatchee Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Trisetum interruptum
Prairie False Oat

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Typha domingensis
Southern Cattail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Typha latifolia
Broadleaf Cattail, Common Cattail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Ulmus americana
American Elm, White Elm, Soft Elm, Water Elm, Common Elm

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ungnadia speciosa
Mexican Buckeye, Monilla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Urochloa ciliatissima
Fringed Signalgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Urochloa fusca
Browntop Signalgrass

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Urochloa texana
Texas Signalgrass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Utricularia gibba
Humped Bladderwort, Bladderwort, Conespur Bladderpod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Utricularia macrorhiza
Common Bladderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Valerianella amarella
Hairy Cornsalad

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Valerianella radiata
Beaked Cornsalad, Woods Corn-salad

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Valerianella stenocarpa
Narrowcell Cornsalad

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Verbena bracteata
Bigbract Verbena, Carpet Vervain, Prostrate Vervain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Verbena canescens
Gray Vervain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Verbena cloverae
Clover's Vervain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Verbena halei
Texas Vervain, Slender Verbena, Texas Verbena, Slender Vervain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Verbena hastata
Swamp Verbena, Blue Verbena, Blue Vervain, Simpler's Joy

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Verbena plicata
Fanleaf Vervain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Verbena stricta
Hoary Verbena, Hoary Vervain, Tall Vervain, Woolly Verbena

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Verbena urticifolia
White Vervain, White Verbena

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Verbesina encelioides
Cowpen Daisy, Golden Crownbeard, Butter Daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Vernonia baldwinii
Western Ironweed, Baldwin's Ironweed, Ironweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Vernonia lindheimeri
Woolly Ironweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Vernonia marginata
Plains Ironweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Veronica peregrina
American Speedwell, Purslane Speedwell, Neckweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Veronica peregrina ssp. xalapensis
Hairy Purslane Speedwell

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Viburnum rufidulum
Rusty Blackhaw Viburnum, Rusty Blackhaw, Southern Blackhaw, Blackhaw, Bluehaw, Downy Viburnum, Southern Nannyberry, Rusty Nannyberry, Nannyberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Vicia americana
American Vetch, American Deervetch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun
Water:

Vicia americana ssp. americana
American Vetch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Vicia americana ssp. minor
Mat Vetch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light:
Water:

Vicia ludoviciana
Deer Pea Vetch, Louisiana Vetch

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Vicia ludoviciana ssp. leavenworthii
Leavenworth's Vetch

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Vicia ludoviciana ssp. ludoviciana
Deer Pea Vetch, Louisiana Vetch

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Vicia minutiflora
Pygmyflower Vetch

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light:
Water:

Viola bicolor
Field Pansy, Wild Pansy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Viola missouriensis
Missouri Violet

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Viola nephrophylla
Northern Bog Violet, Wanderer Violet, Entire-leaved Prairie Violet, Small Mottled Blue Violet

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Vitis acerifolia
Mapleleaf Grape, Panhandle Grape, Bush Grape

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Vitis monticola
Sweet Mountain Grape, Champin Grape

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun
Water:

Vitis rupestris
Sand Grape

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Vitis vulpina
Frost Grape, Fox Grape

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Vulpia octoflora
Common Sixweeks Grass, Sixweeks Fescue

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Wedelia acapulcensis var. hispida
Zexmenia, Orange Zexmenia, Hairy Wedelia, Wedelia, Texas Creeping-oxeye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Wolffia columbiana
Columbian Watermeal

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Woodsia obtusa
Bluntlobe Cliff Fern, Blunt Cliff Fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Xanthisma texanum
Texas Sleepy Daisy, Yellow Sleepy Daisy, Star Of Texas

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Xanthisma texanum var. drummondii
Drummond's Sleepy Daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Xanthium strumarium
Rough Cocklebur

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Yucca arkansana
Arkansas Yucca, Softleaf Yucca

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Yucca constricta
Buckley Yucca, Buckley's Yucca

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Yucca glauca
Soapweed Yucca, Narrowleaf Yucca, Plains Yucca, Beargrass, Great Plains Yucca

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub, Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Yucca glauca var. glauca
Soapweed Yucca, Narrow-leaf Yucca

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub, Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Yucca pallida
Pale-leaf Yucca

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Yucca reverchonii
San Angelo Yucca

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Yucca rupicola
Twistleaf Yucca, Twisted-leaf Yucca, Texas Yucca

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Yucca torreyi
Torrey Yucca, Torrey's Yucca, Spanish Bayonet, Spanish Dagger, Old Shag, Palma

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Zannichellia palustris
Horned Pondweed, Horned Poolmat, Horned-pondweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Zanthoxylum hirsutum
Texas Hercules' Club, Texas Prickly Ash, Limetone Prickly Ash, Toothache Tree, Tickle-tongue, Tingle-tongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Zigadenus nuttallii
Nuttall's Death Camas, Death Camas, Poison-onion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Zinnia grandiflora
Plains Zinnia, Rocky Mountain Zinnia, Prairie Zinnia, Little Golden Zinnia, Yellow Zinnia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Zizaniopsis miliacea
Giant Cutgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Ziziphus obtusifolia
Lotebush, Lote-bush Condalia, Graythorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ziziphus obtusifolia var. obtusifolia
Lotebush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water: