Southwestern Tablelands

This EPA Level III ecoregion encompasses all or part of 49 Texas counties. Situated adjacent to the Central Great Plains ecoregion to the east and the High Plains to the west (which it bisects along the Canadian River in the Texas Panhandle), the Southwestern Tablelands ecoregion encompasses much of east-central New Mexico and southeastern Colorado. It also reaches into south-central Oklahoma. In Texas, along with the Central Great Plains, this ecoregion covers approximately the same land area as the Texas Parks & Wildlife Departmentís Rolling Plains vegetative region. This collection lists only those taxa found in the the Texas portion of the Southwestern Tablelands ecoregion.


Thumb Species Characteristics

Abronia fragrans
Fragrant Sand-verbena, Snowball Sand Verbena, Sweet Sand-verbena, Prairie Snowball, Sand Verbena, Heart's Delight

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Abutilon fruticosum
Indian Mallow, Texas Indian Mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Abutilon parvulum
Dwarf Indian Mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Acaciella angustissima
Prairie Acacia, Fern Acacia, Whiteball Acacia, Prairie Wattle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Acaciella angustissima var. hirta
Prairie Acacia, Texas Prairie Acacia, Texas Fern Acacia, Prairie Wattle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Acalypha ostryifolia
Pineland Threeseed Mercury, Hop-hornbeam Copperleaf

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Achillea millefolium
Common Yarrow, Western Yarrow, Yarrow, Milfoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Achnatherum hymenoides
Indian Ricegrass, Indian Millet, Sandgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Acleisanthes longiflora
Angel Trumpets, Angel's Trumpets

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Acourtia nana
Dwarf Desertpeony

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Adiantum capillus-veneris
Southern Maidenhair Fern, Common Maidenhair Fern, Maidenhair Fern, Venus Hair Fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Agalinis tenuifolia
Slenderleaf False Foxglove

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Agrimonia parviflora
Harvest Lice, Small-flowered Agrimony, Southern Agrimony, Swamp Agrimony

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Agrostis hyemalis
Winter Bentgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Alisma subcordatum
American Water Plantain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Allionia incarnata
Trailing Windmills, Trailing Four O'Clock, Pink Windmills, Trailing Allionia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Allium canadense
Meadow Garlic, Wild Garlic, Wild Onion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Allium canadense var. fraseri
Fraser Meadow Garlic, Fraser Meadow Garlic

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Allium canadense var. hyacinthoides
Hyacinth Meadow Garlic

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Allium drummondii
Drummond's Onion, Wild Garlic, Drummond Wild Onion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Alopecurus carolinianus
Carolina Foxtail

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Aloysia gratissima
Whitebrush, Bee-brush, White-brush, Common Bee-brush, Beebrush, Privet Lippia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Amaranthus hybridus
Slim Amaranth

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Amaranthus palmeri
Carelessweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Amaranthus retroflexus
Redroot Amaranth

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Amaranthus scleropoides
Bonebract Amaranth

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Amaranthus spinosus
Spiny Amaranth, Thorny Pigweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Amaranthus tuberculatus
Roughfruit Amaranth, Water Hemp

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Moist

Amblyolepis setigera
Huisache Daisy, Butterfly Daisy, Honey Daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ambrosia artemisiifolia
Annual Ragweed, Short Ragweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ambrosia confertiflora
Weakleaf Bur Ragweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ambrosia psilostachya
Cuman Ragweed, Western Ragweed, Perennial Ragweed, Common Ragweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ambrosia trifida
Great Ragweed, Giant Ragweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ammannia auriculata
Eared Redstem

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ammannia coccinea
Valley Redstem, Scarlet Tooth-cup

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Ammannia robusta
Grand Redstem

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Wet

Ammoselinum popei
Plains Sandparsley

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Amorpha canescens
Leadplant, Leadplant Amorpha, Prairie Shoestring

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Amorpha fruticosa
Indigo Bush, False Indigo Bush, False Indigo, Desert False Indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ampelopsis cordata
Heartleaf Peppervine, Heart-leaf Ampelopsis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Amphiachyris dracunculoides
Prairie Broomweed, Broomweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Amsonia ciliata
Fringed Bluestar, Bluestar, Texas Bluestar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Andropogon gerardii
Big Bluestem, Tall Bluestem, Turkeyfoot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Andropogon glomeratus
Bushy Bluestem, Brushy Bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Andropogon hallii
Sand Bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Androstephium coeruleum
Blue Funnel-lily, Prairie Lily, Funnel-flower, Fragrant Lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Anemone berlandieri
Tenpetal Anemone, Tenpetal Thimbleweed, Windflower, Southern Anemone, Granny's Nightcap

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Anemone caroliniana
Carolina Anemone, Carolina Thimbleweed, Southern Thimbleweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Anemopsis californica
Yerba Mansa, Yerba-mansa, Lizard Tail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Aphanostephus pilosus
Hairy Dozedaisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Aphanostephus ramosissimus
Plains Dozedaisy, Lazy Daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Aphanostephus ramosissimus var. ramosissimus
Plains Dozedaisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Aphanostephus riddellii
Lazy Daisy, Riddell's Dozedaisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Aphanostephus skirrhobasis
Lazy Daisy, Arkansas Lazy Daisy, Arkansas Doze-daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Apios americana
Groundnut, Wild Potato, Indian Potato

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Apocynum cannabinum
Indian Hemp, Prairie Dogbane, Hemp Dogbane, Dogbane

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Argemone polyanthemos
Annual Pricklepoppy, Bluestem Pricklepoppy, Bluestem Prickly Poppy, Crested Pricklypoppy, Pricklypoppy, Thistle Poppy, White Prickly Poppy, White Pricklypoppy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Argemone squarrosa
Hedgehog Pricklypoppy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Argythamnia humilis
Low Silverbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Argythamnia mercurialina
Tall Silverbush, Tall Wildmercury

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Argythamnia mercurialina var. mercurialina
Tall Silverbush, Tall Wild Mercury, Tall Ditaxis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Argythamnia neomexicana
New Mexico Silverbush

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Aristida purpurea
Purple Threeawn, Purple 3-awn, Purple Three-awn, Red Threeawn

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Aristida purpurea var. longiseta
Red Three-awn, Fendler Three-awn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Aristida purpurea var. nealleyi
Blue Threeawn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Aristida purpurea var. purpurea
Purple Threeawn, Red Threeawn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Artemisia campestris
Field Sagewort

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Dry

Artemisia campestris ssp. caudata
Field Sagewort

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Artemisia dracunculus
Tarragon

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Artemisia filifolia
Sand Sagebrush, Silver Sagebrush, Silvery Wormwood, Sand Sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. mexicana
White Sagebrush, Louisiana Wormwood, Cudweed Sagewort, Gray Sagewort, Mugwort Wormwood, Prairie Sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Asclepias arenaria
Sand Milkweed, Western Sand Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Asclepias asperula
Antelope-horns, Spider Milkweed, Green-flowered Milkweed, Spider Antelope-horns

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Asclepias emoryi
Emory's Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Asclepias engelmanniana
Engelmann's Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Asclepias incarnata
Swamp Milkweed, Pink Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Asclepias incarnata ssp. incarnata
Swamp Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Asclepias latifolia
Broadleaf Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Asclepias macrotis
Longhood Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Asclepias oenotheroides
Zizotes Milkweed, Hierba De Zizotes, Side-cluster Milkweed, Longhorn Milkweed, Primrose Milkweed, Lindheimer's Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Asclepias pumila
Plains Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Asclepias speciosa
Showy Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Asclepias stenophylla
Slimleaf Milkweed, Narrowleaf Milkweed, Narrowleaf Green Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Asclepias subverticillata
Horsetail Milkweed, Poison Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Asclepias tuberosa
Butterflyweed, Butterfly Milkweed, Orange Milkweed, Pleurisy Root, Chigger Flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Asclepias verticillata
Whorled Milkweed, Eastern Whorled Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Asclepias viridiflora
Green Comet Milkweed, Green-flowered Milkweed, Green Milkweed, Wand Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Astragalus ceramicus
Painted Milkvetch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Astragalus crassicarpus
Groundplum Milkvetch, Ground Plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Astragalus crassicarpus var. crassicarpus
Groundplum Milkvetch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Astragalus gracilis
Slender Milkvetch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Astragalus lentiginosus
Freckled Milkvetch

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Astragalus lindheimeri
Lindheimer's Milkvetch, Lindheimer's Astragulus

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Astragalus lotiflorus
Lotus Milkvetch, Lotus Milk-vetch, Low Milkvetch, Milkvetch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Astragalus missouriensis
Missouri Milkvetch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Astragalus mollissimus
Woolly Locoweed, Purple Locoweed, Woolly Loco, Woolly Milkvetch, Wooly Loco, Wooly Locoweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Astragalus nuttallianus
Nuttall's Milkvetch, Small-flowered Milkvetch

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Astragalus plattensis
Platte River Milkvetch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Astragalus praelongus
Stinking Milkvetch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Astragalus racemosus
Cream Milkvetch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Astrolepis integerrima
Hybrid Cloakfern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light:
Water:

Astrolepis sinuata
Wavy Scaly Cloakfern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Atriplex canescens
Chamiso, Four-wing Saltbush, Wing-scale

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Atriplex confertifolia
Shadscale, Spiny Saltbush, Shadscale Saltbush, Hop Sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Baccharis salicina
Willow Baccharis, Great Plains False Willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Baccharis texana
Prairie False Willow, Prairie Baccharis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Bacopa rotundifolia
Disk Waterhyssop, Disc Water-hyssop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Bahia pedata
Bluntscale Bahia

Duration: Annual, Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Baptisia australis
Blue Wild Indigo, Wild Blue Indigo, Blue False Indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Baptisia australis var. minor
Blue Wild Indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Baptisia bracteata
Longbract Wild Indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Baptisia bracteata var. leucophaea
Longbract Wild Indigo, Cream False Indigo, Plains Wild Indigo, Cream Wild Indigo, Large-bracted Wild Indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Berlandiera betonicifolia
Texas Greeneyes, Broochflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Berlandiera lyrata
Chocolate Daisy, Chocolate Flower, Lyreleaf Greeneyes, Green-eyed Lyre Leaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Bidens bipinnata
Spanish Needles

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Bidens cernua
Nodding Beggartick, Bur Marigold, Nodding Beggarticks, Nodding Bur Marigold, Nodding Burmarigold, Nodding Burr-marigold, Sticktight

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Bidens frondosa
Devil's Beggartick, Spanish Needles

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Bidens laevis
Smooth Beggartick, Smooth Bidens, Smooth Bur Marigold, Larger Bur Marigold

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Bidens tripartita
Threelobe Beggarticks, Three-part Beggarticks, Leafy-bracted Beggarticks, Trifid Bur-marigold

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Bifora americana
Prairie Bishop, Prairie Bishop's Weed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Boehmeria cylindrica
Smallspike False Nettle, Bog Hemp

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Boerhavia linearifolia
Narrowleaf Spiderling

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Bothriochloa barbinodis
Pinhole Bluestem, Cane Bluestem, Cane Beardgrass, Feather Bluestem, Plains Beardgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Bothriochloa laguroides
Silver Bluestem, Silver Beardgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Bothriochloa laguroides ssp. torreyana
Silver Beard Grass, Silver Beardgrass, Silver Bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Bouteloua barbata
Sixweeks Grama

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Bouteloua curtipendula
Sideoats Grama, Banderilla, Banderita, Navajita

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Bouteloua dactyloides
Buffalograss, Buffalo Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Bouteloua eriopoda
Black Grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Bouteloua gracilis
Blue Grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Bouteloua hirsuta
Hairy Grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Bouteloua rigidiseta
Texas Grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Bouteloua trifida
Red Grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Bouteloua uniflora
Oneflower Grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Brickellia eupatorioides
False Boneset

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Brickellia eupatorioides var. texana
Texas False Boneset

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Bromus inermis
Smooth Brome

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Calamovilfa gigantea
Giant Sandreed, Prairie Sandreed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Callirhoe involucrata
Winecup, Purple Poppy Mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Callirhoe leiocarpa
Tall Poppymallow, Annual Winecup, Tall Poppy-mallow

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Callirhoe scabriuscula
Texas Poppymallow

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Callitriche heterophylla
Two-headed Water-starwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Callitriche heterophylla ssp. heterophylla
Two-headed Water-starwort, Varied-leaved Water-starwort, Diverse-leaved Water-starwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Calylophus berlandieri
Berlandier's Sundrops , Square-bud Primrose, Sundrops

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Calylophus berlandieri ssp. berlandieri
Berlandier's Sundrops, Drummond Sundrops, Square-bud Primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Calylophus hartwegii
Hartweg's Sundrops, Western Primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Calylophus hartwegii ssp. fendleri
Hartweg's Sundrops

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Calylophus hartwegii ssp. filifolius
Hartweg's Sundrops

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Calylophus hartwegii ssp. pubescens
Hartweg's Sundrops, Grand Prairie Evening Primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Calylophus lavandulifolius
Lavendar-leaf Sundrops, Lavender-leaf Primrose, Lavenderleaf Sundrops

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Calylophus serrulatus
Yellow Sundrops, Yellow Evening Primrose, Plains Evening Primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Calystegia silvatica
Shortstalk False Bindweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Calystegia silvatica ssp. fraterniflora
Shortstalk False Bindweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light:
Water:

Carex annectens
Yellowfruit Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Carex aurea
Golden Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Carex blanda
Eastern Woodland Sedge, Creek Sedge, Common Wood Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Carex brevior
Shortbeak Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex emoryi
Emory Sedge, Emory's Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Carex gravida
Heavy Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex hystericina
Bottlebrush Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Carex meadii
Mead's Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex muehlenbergii
Muhlenberg's Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex oklahomensis
Oklahoma Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex pellita
Woolly Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Carex planostachys
Cedar Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Carex tetrastachya
Britton's Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex triangularis
Eastern Fox Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex vulpinoidea
Fox Sedge, Brown Fox Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Carex vulpinoidea var. vulpinoidea
Fox Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carya illinoinensis
Pecan

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Castilleja integra
Wholeleaf Indian Paintbrush, Squawfeather

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Castilleja integra var. integra
Wholeleaf Indian Paintbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Castilleja purpurea
Prairie Paintbrush, Downy Indian Paintbrush, Purple Paintbrush, Lemon Paintbrush, Purple Painted Cup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Castilleja purpurea var. citrina
Lemon Paintbrush, Yellow Paintbrush, Yellow Prairie Paintbrush, Citron Paintbrush, Prairie Paintbrush, Prairie Indian Paintbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Castilleja sessiliflora
Downy Painted Cup, Downy Paintbrush, Great Plains Paintbrush, Great Plains Indian-paintbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Catalpa speciosa
Northern Catalpa, Catalpa Tree, Cigar Tree, Indian Bean

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ceanothus fendleri
Fendler's Ceanothus, Fendler Ceanothus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ceanothus herbaceus
Prairie Redroot, Smaller Redroot, Small Redroot, Inland Ceanothus, Fuzzy Ceanothus, Jersey Tea, Redroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Celastrus scandens
American Bittersweet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Celtis laevigata
Sugar Hackberry, Texas Sugarberry, Sugarberry, Southern Hackberry, Lowland Hackberry, Hackberry, Palo Blanco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Celtis laevigata var. reticulata
Netleaf Hackberry, Netleaf Sugar Hackberry, Western Hackberry, Sugar Hackberry, Texas Sugarberry, Palo Blanco, Acibuche

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Celtis occidentalis
Common Hackberry, Northern Hackberry, American Hackberry, Nettle Tree, Beaverwood, False Elm

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Cenchrus spinifex
Grass Bur, Coastal Sandbur, Field Sandspur, Southern Sandbur, Spiny Burrgrass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Centaurea americana
American Basket-flower, American Star-thistle, Basket-flower, Star Thistle, Shaving Brush, Basket Flower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Cephalanthus occidentalis
Common Buttonbush, Buttonbush, Button Willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Cerastium brachypodum
Short-stalk Chickweed, Shortstalk Chickweed

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ceratophyllum demersum
Coon's Tail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Cercis canadensis
Eastern Redbud, Redbud

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cercis canadensis var. texensis
Texas Redbud

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Cercocarpus montanus
Alderleaf Mountain Mahogany, Silverleaf Mountain Mahogany, Mountain Mahogany

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Cercocarpus montanus var. argenteus
Silver Mountain Mahogany, Silverleaf Mountain Mahogany, True Mountain Mahogany, Mountain Mahogany

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Cevallia sinuata
Stinging Serpent, Stinging Cevallia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chaerophyllum tainturieri
Hairyfruit Chervil, Southern Chervil

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chaetopappa ericoides
Rose Heath, Rose-heath

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Chamaecrista fasciculata
Partridge Pea, Sleepingplant, Sensitive Plant

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Chamaecrista fasciculata var. fasciculata
Partridge Pea, Showy Partridge-pea, Beeflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Chamaesaracha coniodes
Gray Five Eyes, False Nightshade, Ground Saracha, Prostrate Ground-cherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Chamaesaracha coronopus
Green False Nightshade, Greenleaf Five Eyes

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaesaracha pallida
Pale Five Eyes, False Nightshade, Averett Pale Five Eyes

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Chamaesaracha sordida
False Nightshade, Hairy Five Eyes

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaesyce albomarginata
Whitemargin Sandmat, Rattlesnake-weed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaesyce fendleri
Fendler's Sandmat, Fendler's Spurge, Fendler's Carpetweed, Fendler's Euphorb

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaesyce glyptosperma
Ribseed Sandmat, Rib-seeded Sand Mat

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaesyce hyssopifolia
Hyssopleaf Sandmat

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaesyce lata
Hoary Sandmat, Hoary Euphorbia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaesyce maculata
Spotted Spurge, Spotted Euphorbia, Spotted Sandmat, Milk Purslane, Prostrate Spurge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Chamaesyce missurica
Prairie Sandmat, Missouri Spurge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaesyce nutans
Nodding Spurge, Eyebane

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Chamaesyce prostrata
Prostrate Spurge, Prostrate Sandmat, Ground Spurge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Chamaesyce serpens
Matted Sandmat, Prostrate Spurge, Creeping Spurge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaesyce serrula
Sawtooth Sandmat

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cheilanthes alabamensis
Alabama Lipfern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light:
Water:

Cheilanthes feei
Slender Lipfern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light:
Water:

Cheilanthes horridula
Rough Lipfern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Cheilanthes tomentosa
Woolly Lipfern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Chenopodium album
Lambsquarters

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Chenopodium berlandieri
Pitseed Goosefoot, Lambs Quarters

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chenopodium incanum
Mealy Goosefoot

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Chenopodium leptophyllum
Narrowleaf Goosefoot

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chenopodium simplex
Mapleleaf Goosefoot

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Chilopsis linearis
Desert Willow, Flowering Willow, Willow-leaved Catalpa, Willowleaf Catalpa, Bow Willow, Flor De Mimbre, Mimbre

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Chloracantha spinosa
Spiny Chloracantha, Mexican Devil-weed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chloris cucullata
Hooded Windmill Grass, Hooded Windmillgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Chloris verticillata
Tumble Windmill Grass, Windmillgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Chloris virgata
Feather Fingergrass, Showy Chloris

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Chrysothamnus pulchellus
Southwestern Rabbitbrush, Rubber Rabbit Brush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Cicuta maculata
Spotted Water Hemlock, Water-hemlock, Beaver Poison

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Wet

Cirsium ochrocentrum
Yellowspine Thistle

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cirsium texanum
Texas Thistle

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Cirsium undulatum
Wavyleaf Thistle, Plumed Thistle

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cissus trifoliata
Cow-itch Vine, Sorrelvine, Grape Ivy, Possum Grape, Arizona Grape Ivy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Clematis drummondii
Old Man's Beard, Drummond's Clematis, Texas Virgin's Bower, Goat's Beard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Clematis pitcheri
Purple Leatherflower, Purple Clematis, Leatherflower, Bluebill, Bellflower Clematis, Pitcher's Clematis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cleome serrulata
Rocky Mountain Beeplant, Skunkweed, Waa

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Cleomella angustifolia
Narrowleaf Rhombopod, Cleomella

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cnidoscolus texanus
Texas Bullnettle, Bull Nettle, Tread-softly, Spurge Nettle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cocculus carolinus
Carolina Snailseed, Carolina Coralbead, Carolina Moonseed, Red Berried Moonseed, Carolina Red Berried Moonseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Comandra umbellata
Bastard Toadflax

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water: Dry

Comandra umbellata ssp. pallida
Pale Bastard Toadflax

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Commelina erecta
Dayflower, Widow's Tears, White-mouth Dayflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Commelina erecta var. angustifolia
Narrow-leaf Dayflower, Whitemouth Dayflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Condalia ericoides
Javelina Bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Convolvulus equitans
Texas Bindweed, Bindweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Conyza canadensis
Horseweed, Canadian Horseweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Cooperia drummondii
Evening Rain Lily, Evening Star Rain Lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Coreopsis tinctoria
Plains Coreopsis, Golden Tickseed, Goldenwave, Calliopsis

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Corispermum americanum
American Bugseed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Cornus drummondii
Roughleaf Dogwood, Drummond's Dogwood, Rough-leaf Dogwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Corydalis aurea
Scrambled Eggs, Golden Corydalis

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Dry

Corydalis curvisiliqua
Curvepod, Curvepod Fumewort, Golden Smoke, Scrambled Eggs

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Corydalis curvisiliqua ssp. curvisiliqua
Curvepod Fumewort

Duration: Annual, Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Corydalis micrantha
Smallflower Fumewort, Southern Corydalis, Golden Corydalis

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Coryphantha echinus
Rhinoceros Cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light:
Water: Dry

Croton glandulosus
Tooth-leaved Croton, Sand Croton, Tropic Croton, Vente Conmigo

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Croton lindheimerianus
Threeseed Croton

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Croton monanthogynus
Prairie Tea, One-seed Croton, Doveweed, Dove Weed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Croton pottsii
Leatherweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Croton pottsii var. pottsii
Leatherweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Croton texensis
Texas Croton, Doveweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cryptantha cinerea var. jamesii
James' Cryptantha, James' Cat's-eye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Cryptantha mexicana
Mexican Cryptantha

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cryptantha minima
Little Cryptantha

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Cryptantha palmeri
Palmer's Cryptantha

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Cryptantha texana
Pick Me Nots

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cucurbita foetidissima
Stinking Gourd, Buffalo Gourd, Missouri Gourd, Stink Gourd, Wild Gourd

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Cuscuta cuspidata
Angel Hair, Cusp Dodder, Dodder

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Cuscuta gronovii
Scaldweed, Dodder

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Cuscuta indecora
Bigseed Alfalfa Dodder, Largeseed Dodder, Pretty Dodder

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light:
Water:

Cuscuta leptantha
Slender Dodder

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Cuscuta pentagona
Fiveangled Dodder

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Cuscuta polygonorum
Smartweed Dodder, Knotweed Dodder

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Cuscuta umbellata
Flatglobe Dodder, Santa Fe Dodder

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Cyclanthera naudiniana
Hill Country Cyclanthera, Naudin's Cyclanthera

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light:
Water:

Cycloloma atriplicifolium
Winged Pigweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Cylindropuntia imbricata
Tree Cholla, Walking Stick Cholla, Cholla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light:
Water:

Cylindropuntia imbricata var. imbricata
Cane Cactus, Cholla, Teddy-bear Cholla, Tree Cholla, Walkingstick Cholla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Cylindropuntia kleiniae
Candle Cholla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water:

Cylindropuntia leptocaulis
Tasajillo, Christmas Cactus, Pencil Cactus, Christmas Cholla, Desert Christmas Cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Cymopterus macrorhizus
Bigroot Springparsley, Big-root Cymopterus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cymopterus montanus
Mountain Springparsley, Montana Wavewing

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cyperus acuminatus
Tapertip Flatsedge

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Cyperus esculentus
Yellow Nutsedge, Chufa Sedge, Yellow Nut-grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cyperus lupulinus
Great Plains Flatsedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Cyperus odoratus
Fragrant Flatsedge, Fragrant Sedge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Cyperus retroflexus
Oneflower Flatsedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Cyperus schweinitzii
Schweinitz's Flatsedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Cyperus setigerus
Lean Flatsedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Cyperus squarrosus
Bearded Flatsedge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Cyperus strigosus
Straw-colored Flatsedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Cyphomeris gypsophiloides
Red Cyphomeris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Dalea aurea
Golden Dalea, Golden Prairie Clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dalea candida
White Prairie Clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dalea candida var. oligophylla
Fewleaf White Prairie Clover, White Prairie Clover, Western White Prairie Clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Dalea enneandra
Nine-anther Prairie Clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Dry

Dalea formosa
Featherplume, Feather Dalea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dalea frutescens
Black Dalea, Black Prairie Clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dalea jamesii
James's Prairie Clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Dalea lanata
Woolly Prairie Clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Dalea lasiathera
Purple Dalea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Dalea multiflora
Roundhead Prairie Clover, White Prairie Clover, Round Headed Dalea, Round Headed Clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dalea nana
Dwarf Prairie Clover, Dwarf Dalea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Dalea pogonathera
Bearded Prairie Clover, Bearded Dalea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Dalea purpurea
Purple Prairie Clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dalea tenuis
Pinkglobe Prairie Clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Dalea villosa
Silky Prairie Clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Dalea villosa var. villosa
Silky Prairie Clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dasyochloa pulchella
Fluff Grass, Low Woollygrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Datura quercifolia
Chinese Thorn-apple, Oak-leaf Thorn Apple, Oak Leaved Angel's Trumpet

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Datura wrightii
Jimsonweed, Sacred Thorn-apple, Thorn-apple, Angel Trumpet, Sacred Datura

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Daucus pusillus
American Wild Carrot, Rattlesnake-weed, Wild Carrot

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Delphinium carolinianum
Prairie Larkspur, Carolina Larkspur, Blue Larkspur

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Delphinium carolinianum ssp. virescens
Carolina Larkspur, Prairie Larkspur, Plains Larkspur

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Descurainia pinnata
Western Tansymustard, Tansy-mustard

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Desmanthus glandulosus
Glandular Bundleflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Desmanthus illinoensis
Illinois Bundleflower, Bundleflower, Prairie Bundle Flower, Prickleweed, Illinois Desmanthus, Prairie Mimosa

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Desmanthus obtusus
Bluntpod Bundleflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Desmodium canadense
Showy Tick Trefoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Desmodium illinoense
Illinois Ticktrefoil, Illinois Tick-trefoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Desmodium paniculatum
Panicledleaf Ticktrefoil, Panicled Tick Trefoil, Velcro Vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Desmodium sessilifolium
Sessileleaf Ticktrefoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dichanthelium acuminatum
Tapered Rosette Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Dichanthelium acuminatum var. fasciculatum
Western Panicgrass, Rosette Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Dichanthelium acuminatum var. lindheimeri
Lindheimer Panicgrass, Lindheimer's Rosettegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Dichanthelium oligosanthes
Heller's Rosette Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Digitaria californica
Arizona Cottontop, California Cottontop, California Crab Grass, Cottontop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Digitaria ciliaris
Southern Crabgrass

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Digitaria pubiflora
Carolina Crabgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Diospyros virginiana
Common Persimmon, Eastern Persimmon, Possumwood, Date Plum, Winter Plum, Jove's Fruit

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Distichlis spicata
Saltgrass, Coastal Salt Grass, Inland Salt-grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Draba cuneifolia
Wedgeleaf Draba, Whitlow-grass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Dracopis amplexicaulis
Clasping Coneflower, Clasping-leaf Coneflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Dryopteris marginalis
Marginal Woodfern, Marginal Fern, Marginal Shieldfern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Dyschoriste linearis
Snake Herb, Polkadots, Narrowleaf Dyschoriste

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Dyssodia papposa
Dogweed, Fetid Marigold

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Echinacea angustifolia
Black Samson, Black Samson Echinacea, Narrow-leaf Coneflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Echinocactus texensis
Horse Crippler, Horse Crippler Cactus, Devil's Head, Chisos Hedgehog Cactus, Chisos Hedgehog

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Echinocereus reichenbachii
Lace Hedgehog Cactus, Lace Cactus, Lace Hedgehog, Purple Candle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Echinocereus reichenbachii ssp. reichenbachii
Lace Cactus, Lace Hedgehog Cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Echinocereus viridiflorus
Green Pitaya, Nylon Hedgehog Cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Echinochloa crus-pavonis var. macera
Gulf Cockspur Grass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Echinochloa muricata
American Barnyard Grass, Rough Barnyard Grass, Barnyard Grass, American Cockspur Grass, Wild Millet

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Echinodorus berteroi
Upright Burrhead

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Echinodorus tenellus
Mudbabies

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eclipta prostrata
Pie Plant, False Daisy, Eclipta

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eleocharis acicularis
Needle Spikerush

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Eleocharis atropurpurea
Purple Spikerush

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eleocharis erythropoda
Bald Spikerush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eleocharis macrostachya
Pale Spikerush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eleocharis montevidensis
Sand Spikerush, Spike Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Eleocharis obtusa
Blunt Spikerush

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Eleocharis palustris
Common Spikerush, Common Spike-rush, Creeping Spikesedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Eleocharis parvula
Dwarf Spikerush

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Eleocharis rostellata
Beaked Spikerush, Leap Frog Spike Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Elymus canadensis
Canada Wild Rye, Canadian Wildrye, Prairie Wildrye, Nodding Wildrye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Elymus elymoides
Squirreltail, Bottlebrush Squirreltail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Elymus elymoides ssp. brevifolius
Squirreltail, Long-leaf Squirrel-tail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Elymus trachycaulus
Slender Wheatgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Elymus trachycaulus ssp. trachycaulus
Slender Wheatgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Elymus virginicus
Virginia Wild Rye, Virginia Wildrye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Elymus virginicus var. virginicus
Virginia Wild Rye, Virginia Wildrye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Engelmannia peristenia
Engelmann's Daisy, Engelmann Daisy, Cutleaf Daisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Ephedra antisyphilitica
Mormon Tea, Joint-fir, Clapweed, Popote

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ephedra coryi
Cory's Jointfir, Cory's Ephedra

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light:
Water:

Ephedra torreyana
Torrey Joint-fir, Torrey's Jointfir

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Epilobium coloratum
Purpleleaf Willowherb

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Epipactis gigantea
Stream Orchid, Chatterbox Orchid, Giant Hellebore

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Equisetum arvense
Field Horsetail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Equisetum hyemale
Scouring-rush Horsetail, Horsetail, Scouring Rush, Canuela

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Equisetum hyemale var. affine
Scouring-rush Horsetail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Equisetum laevigatum
Smooth Horsetail, Horsetail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Eragrostis curtipedicellata
Gummy Lovegrass, Gummy Lovegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eragrostis elliottii
Field Lovegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eragrostis intermedia
Plains Lovegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Eragrostis pectinacea
Tufted Lovegrass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eragrostis pectinacea var. pectinacea
Tufted Lovegrass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eragrostis secundiflora
Red Lovegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eragrostis secundiflora ssp. oxylepis
Red Lovegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Eragrostis sessilispica
Tumble Lovegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eragrostis spectabilis
Purple Lovegrass, Purple Love Grass, Purple Plains Lovegrass, Tumblegrass, Petticoat Climber

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Eragrostis trichodes
Sand Lovegrass, Sand Love Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Ericameria nauseosa
Rubber Rabbitbrush, Gray Rabbitbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water: Dry

Ericameria nauseosa ssp. nauseosa
Chamisa, Rabbitbrush, Rubber Rabbitbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Ericameria nauseosa ssp. nauseosa var. glabrata
Rubber Rabbitbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Ericameria nauseosa ssp. nauseosa var. nauseosa
Rabbitbrush, Rubber Rabbitbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Erigeron bellidiastrum
Western Daisy Fleabane

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Erigeron colomexicanus
Running Fleabane, Sprawling Daisy

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Erigeron flagellaris
Trailing Fleabane

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Erigeron modestus
Plains Fleabane, Prairie Fleabane

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Erigeron strigosus
Prairie Fleabane, Daisy Fleabane

Duration: Annual, Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Eriochloa sericea
Texas Cupgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Eriogonum abertianum
Abert's Buckwheat, Abert's Wild Buckwheat

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eriogonum annuum
Annual Buckwheat, Annual Wild Buckwheat, Umbrella Plant

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Eriogonum jamesii
James' Buckwheat, James' Wild Buckwheat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Eriogonum longifolium
Longleaf Buckwheat, Longleaf Wild Buckwheat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eriogonum longifolium var. longifolium
Longleaf Buckwheat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eriogonum multiflorum
Wild Buckwheat, Heart-sepal Buckwheat, Heart-sepal Wild Buckwheat

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Eriogonum nealleyi
Irion County Buckwheat, Irion County Wild Buckwheat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Erioneuron pilosum
Hairy Woollygrass, Hairy Tridens

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Erodium texanum
Texas Stork's Bill, Stork's Bill, Pine Needle, Fillaree

Duration: Annual, Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Eryngium diffusum
Spreading Eryngo

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eryngium leavenworthii
Leavenworth's Eryngo, Eryngo, False Purple Thistle

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Erysimum asperum
Western Wallflower

Duration: Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Escobaria missouriensis
Missouri Foxtail Cactus, Plains Nipple Cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Escobaria vivipara
Spinystar, Common Beehive Cactus, Pincushion Cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light:
Water:

Escobaria vivipara var. vivipara
Spinystar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light:
Water:

Eupatorium perfoliatum
Common Boneset

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Eupatorium perfoliatum var. perfoliatum
Common Boneset

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Eupatorium serotinum
Lateflowering Thoroughwort, White Boneset, Late Boneset, Late-flowering Boneset

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Euphorbia dentata
Toothed Spurge, Toothed-leaf Poinsettia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Euphorbia hexagona
Sixangle Spurge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Euphorbia longicruris
Wedgeleaf Spurge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Euphorbia marginata
Snow On The Mountain, Snow-on-the-mountain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Euphorbia spathulata
Warty Spurge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eurytaenia texana
Texas Spreadwing

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eustoma exaltatum
Catchfly Prairie Gentian, Bluebell Gentian, Western Blue Gentian, Blue Marsh Lily, Small Bluebell, Catchfly Gentian, Seaside Gentian

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Eustoma exaltatum ssp. russellianum
Texas Bluebells, Texas Bluebell, Bluebell, Showy Prairie Gentian, Prairie Gentian

Duration: Annual, Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Euthamia graminifolia
Flat-top Goldentop, Grass-leaved Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Euthamia graminifolia var. graminifolia
Flat-top Goldentop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Evax prolifera
Bighead Pygmycudweed, Rabbit Tobacco

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Evax verna
Spring Pygmycudweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Evax verna var. verna
Spring Pygmycudweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Evolvulus nuttallianus
Shaggy Dwarf Morning-glory, Shaggy Evolvulus, Silky Evolvulus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eysenhardtia texana
Texas Kidneywood, Kidneywood, Bee Brush, Vara Dulce, Palo Dulce

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Fimbristylis puberula
Hairy Fimbry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Fimbristylis vahlii
Vahl's Fimbry

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Flaveria trinervia
Clustered Yellowtops

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Florestina tripteris
Sticky Florestina

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Flourensia cernua
American Tarwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Forestiera pubescens
Elbow Bush, Stretchberry, Spring Herald

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Forestiera pubescens var. pubescens
Stretchberry, Elbowbush, Stretch-berry, Downy Forestiera, Desert Olive, Elbow-bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Fraxinus pennsylvanica
Green Ash, Red Ash, Swamp Ash, River Ash, Water Ash, Darlington Ash

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Froelichia floridana
Plains Snakecotton, Snake-cotton

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Froelichia gracilis
Slender Snakecotton, Snake-cotton

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Fuirena simplex
Western Umbrella-sedge, Umbrellagrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Funastrum crispum
Wavy-leaf Milkweed Vine, Wavyleaf Twinevine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Funastrum cynanchoides
Fringed Twinevine, Climbing Milkweed Vine, Twine-vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Funastrum cynanchoides ssp. cynanchoides
Fringed Twinevine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Gaillardia aestivalis
Lanceleaf Blanketflower, Winkler Gaillardia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Gaillardia aestivalis var. aestivalis
Lanceleaf Blanketflower, Prairie Gaillardia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Gaillardia pinnatifida
Red Dome Blanketflower, Yellow Gaillardia, Blanket Flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Gaillardia pulchella
Indian Blanket, Firewheel, Girasol Rojo

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Gaillardia pulchella var. pulchella
Indian Blanket, Firewheel

Duration: Annual, Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Gaillardia suavis
Pincushion Daisy, Fragrant Gaillardia, Rayless Gaillardia, Perfumeballs

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Galium aparine
Stickywilly, Catchweed Bedstraw, Cleavers

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light: Shade
Water:

Galium proliferum
Limestone Bedstraw

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Galium virgatum
Southwest Bedstraw, Southwestern Bedstraw

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Garrya ovata
Eggleaf Silktassel, Mexican Silktassel, Eggleaf Garrya, Zumaque, Cuauchichic, Cuauchichi, Guachichi

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Geum canadense
White Avens

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Giliastrum acerosum
Bluebowls, Prickleleaf Gilia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Giliastrum rigidulum
Bluebowls, Blue Gilia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Glandularia bipinnatifida
Prairie Verbena, Purple Prairie Verbena, Dakota Vervain, Dakota Mock Vervain, Moradilla, Alfombrilla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Glandularia bipinnatifida var. bipinnatifida
Prairie Verbena, Purple Prairie Verbena, Dakota Mock Vervain, Dakota Vervain

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Glandularia bipinnatifida var. ciliata
Davis Mountains Mock Vervain, Dakota Mock Vervain, Wright's Verbena

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Glandularia pumila
Dwarf Vervain, Low Verbena, Pink Mock Vervain, Pink Verbena, Wild Vervain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Gleditsia triacanthos
Honey Locust, Common Honey Locust, Thorny Common Honey Locust, Honey Shucks Locust, Sweet Locust, Thorny Locust, Honey Shucks, Sweet Bean Tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Glycyrrhiza lepidota
American Licorice, Wild Licorice

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Gossypianthus lanuginosus
Woolly Cottonflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Gossypium hirsutum
Upland Cotton

Duration: Annual
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Grindelia lanceolata
Narrowleaf Gumweed, Fall Gumweed

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Grindelia nuda var. nuda
Curlytop Gumweed

Duration: Annual, Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Grindelia papposa
Spanish Gold, Clasping-leaved Haplopappus, Saw-leaf Daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Grindelia squarrosa
Curlycup Gumweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Dry

Gutierrezia sarothrae
Broom Snakeweed, Kindlingweed, Matchbrush, Texas Snakeweed, Broomweed, Turpentine Weed, Matchweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Gutierrezia sphaerocephala
Roundleaf Snakeweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Gutierrezia texana
Texas Snakeweed

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Gymnosperma glutinosum
Gumhead, Tatalencho

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hackelia virginiana
Beggarslice, Beggar's-lice, Stickseed, Sticktight, Wild Comfrey, Virginia Stickseed

Duration: Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Haploesthes greggii
False Broomweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Haploesthes greggii var. texana
Texas False Broomweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub, Shrub
Light:
Water:

Hedeoma drummondii
Drummond's False Pennyroyal, Limoncillo, Mock Pennyroyal

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Hedysarum boreale
Utah Sweetvetch, Boreal Sweet-vetch, Northern Sweetvetch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Helenium amarum
Yellow Sneezeweed, Bitterweed, Yellow Bitterweed, Yellowdicks, Slender-leaved Sneezeweed, Fine-leaved Sneezweed, Yellow Dog-fennel

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Helenium amarum var. badium
Yellowdicks, Brown Bitterweed, Basin Sneezeweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helenium autumnale
Common Sneezeweed, Fall Sneezeweed, Autumn Sneezeweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Helenium autumnale var. autumnale
Common Sneezeweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Helenium elegans
Pretty Sneezeweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helenium microcephalum
Smallhead Sneezeweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helianthemum georgianum
Georgia Frostweed, Rockrose, Georgia Sunrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helianthus annuus
Common Sunflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Helianthus ciliaris
Texas Blueweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helianthus grosseserratus
Sawtooth Sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Helianthus maximiliani
Maximilian Sunflower, Max Sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Helianthus petiolaris
Prairie Sunflower, Plains Sunflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Heliotropium convolvulaceum
Fragrant Heliotrope, Phlox Heliotrope

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Heliotropium curassavicum
Salt Heliotrope, Seaside Heliotrope, Quail Plant, Cola De Mico, Cola De Gama

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Heliotropium greggii
Fragrant Heliotrope

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hesperostipa comata
Needle And Thread, Needle-and-thread

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Hesperostipa comata ssp. comata
Needle And Thread

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Hesperostipa neomexicana
New Mexico Feathergrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Heteranthera dubia
Grassleaf Mudplantain, Water Stargrass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Heteranthera limosa
Blue Mud Plantain, Blue Mudplantain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Heterotheca canescens
Gray Golden-aster, Hoary False Goldenaster

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Heterotheca stenophylla
Stiffleaf False Goldenaster, Sticky Granite-daisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Heterotheca subaxillaris
Camphorweed, Camphor Weed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Heterotheca villosa
Hairy False Goldenaster, Hairy Golden-aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Hexalectris spicata
Spiked Crested Coralroot, Spiked Crested Coral Root

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hibiscus laevis
Halberdleaf Rosemallow, Halberdleaf Hibiscus, Scarlet Rose Mallow, Halberd-leaved Hibiscus, Halberd-leaved Rose-mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Hibiscus lasiocarpos
Woolly Rose-mallow, Woolly Mallow, Rose-mallow, False Cotton

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Hibiscus moscheutos
Crimson-eyed Rose-mallow, Marshmallow Hibiscus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Hilaria belangeri
Curly Mesquite Grass, Curly Mesquite

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Hilaria belangeri var. belangeri
Curly-mesquite

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Hoffmannseggia glauca
Indian Rushpea, Indian Rush-pea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hordeum jubatum
Foxtail Barley

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Hordeum jubatum ssp. jubatum
Foxtail Barley, Squirreltail Barley, Skunktail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Hordeum pusillum
Little Barley

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Houstonia acerosa
Needleleaf Bluet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Houstonia humifusa
Matted Bluet

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hybanthus verticillatus
Babyslippers, Nodding Green Violet, Green Violet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Hymenopappus filifolius
Fineleaf Hymenopappus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hymenopappus filifolius var. cinereus
Fine-leaf Woolly-white, Fineleaf Hymenopappus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hymenopappus flavescens
Yellow Plainsman, Collegeflower

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Hymenopappus flavescens var. flavescens
Collegeflower

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hymenopappus scabiosaeus
Carolina Woollywhite, Old Plainsman, Woolly-white

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hymenopappus scabiosaeus var. corymbosus
Carolina Woollywhite, Old Plainsman

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hymenopappus tenuifolius
Chalk Hill Hymenopappus

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hymenoxys odorata
Bitter Rubberweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ibervillea lindheimeri
Balsam Gourd, Lindheimer's Globeberry, Globe Berry, Snake-apple, Balsam-apple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Indigofera miniata
Scarlet Pea, Coastal Indigo, Texas Indigo, Western Indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Ipomoea leptophylla
Bush Morning-glory

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ipomopsis aggregata
Scarlet Gilia, Scarlet Standing-cypress, Skyrocket, Skunkflower

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ipomopsis longiflora
Flaxflowered Ipomopsis, Pale Trumpets, Paleflower Gilia, White-flower Skyrocket, White-flowered Gilia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Isocoma pluriflora
Jimmyweed, Southern Goldenbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Iva annua
Annual Marshelder, Marshelder, Sumpweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Juglans nigra
Black Walnut, Eastern Black Walnut, American Black Walnut

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Juncus arcticus ssp. littoralis
Baltic Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Juncus dudleyi
Dudley's Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Juncus filipendulus
Ringseed Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Juncus interior
Inland Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Juncus interior var. interior
Inland Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Juncus scirpoides
Needlepod Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Juncus torreyi
Torrey's Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Juniperus ashei
Ashe Juniper, Ashe's Juniper, Mountain Cedar, Rock Cedar, Post Cedar, Texas Cedar, Brake Cedar, Mexican Juniper, Blueberry Juniper, Ozark White Cedar, Sabino, Enebro

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Juniperus monosperma
Oneseed Juniper, One-seed Juniper, Cherrystone Juniper, New Mexico Juniper, West Texas Juniper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Juniperus pinchotii
Pinchot's Juniper, Pinchot Juniper, Redberry Juniper, Texas Juniper, Christmasberry Juniper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Juniperus scopulorum
Rocky Mountain Juniper, Rocky Mountain Red Cedar, Mountain Red Cedar, Colorado Red Cedar, Western Red Cedar, River Juniper, Western Juniper, Cedro Rojo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Juniperus virginiana
Eastern Red Cedar, Eastern Redcedar, Virginia Juniper, Red Juniper, Pencil Cedar, Carolina Cedar, Red Savin, Baton Rouge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Justicia americana
American Water-willow, Water-willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Justicia pilosella
Hairy Tube-tongue, Gregg's Tube-tongue, False Honeysuckle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Kallstroemia parviflora
Warty Caltrop, Small-flowered Carpetweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Krameria lanceolata
Trailing Krameria, Ratany, Crameria, Prairie Sandbur, Trailing Ratany

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Krascheninnikovia lanata
Winterfat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Lactuca ludoviciana
Western Wild Lettuce, Louisiana Wild Lettuce, Prairie Lettuce, Prairie Wild Lettuce, Biannual Lettuce

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Laennecia coulteri
Conyza

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lappula occidentalis var. cupulata
Flatspine Stickseed, Western Stickseed

Duration: Annual, Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Larrea tridentata
Creosote Bush, Greasewood, Hediondilla, Governadora, Guamis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Lathyrus polymorphus
Manystem Pea, Hoary Vetchling

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Lechea mucronata
Hairy Pinweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Leersia oryzoides
Rice Cutgrass, Rice Cut Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Lemna minor
Common Duckweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Lepidium alyssoides
Mesa Pepperwort, Mesa Pepperweed, Southern Pepperweed

Duration: Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Lepidium austrinum
Southern Peppergrass, Southern Pepperwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lepidium densiflorum
Common Pepperweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lepidium oblongum
Veiny Pepperweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lepidium virginicum
Virginia Peppergrass, Virginia Pepperweed, Peppergrass, Poor Man's Pepper

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Leptochloa dubia
Green Sprangletop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Leptochloa fusca
Malabar Sprangletop

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Leptochloa fusca ssp. fascicularis
Bearded Sprangletop

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Leptochloa panicea
Mucronate Sprangletop, Red Sprangletop, Needle Sprangletop

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Lespedeza capitata
Roundhead Lespedeza, Roundhead Bush-clover, Round-headed Lespedeza, Round-headed Bush-clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lespedeza stuevei
Tall Bush-clover, Tall Lespedeza

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lesquerella densiflora
Denseflower Bladderpod, Low Bladderpod

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lesquerella fendleri
Fendler's Bladderpod, Popweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Lesquerella gordonii
Gordon's Bladderpod

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Lesquerella grandiflora
Bigflower Bladderpod

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lesquerella ovalifolia
Roundleaf Bladderpod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Liatris punctata
Dotted Blazing Star, Dotted Gayfeather, Dotted Liatris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Liatris squarrosa
Scaly Blazing Star, Scaly Gayfeather, Scaly Liatris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Liatris squarrosa var. glabrata
Scaly Blazing Star, Scaly Gayfeather, Scaly Liatris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Limnodea arkansana
Ozark Grass, Ozarkgrass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Lindheimera texana
Texas Yellowstar, Texas Star, Texas Yellow-star, Lindheimer Daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Linum aristatum
Bristle Flax

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Linum berlandieri
Berlandier's Yellow Flax

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Linum berlandieri var. berlandieri
Berlandier's Yellow Flax, Yellow Flax, Stiff-stem Flax

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Linum hudsonioides
Hudson Flax, Texas Flax, Yellow Flax

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Linum lewisii
Wild Blue Flax, Prairie Flax, Lewis Flax, Lewis's Flax

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Linum lewisii var. lewisii
Blue Flax, Prairie Flax

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Linum pratense
Meadow Flax

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Linum rigidum
Stiffstem Flax, Large-flower Yellow Flax, Yellow Flax

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Linum rigidum var. rigidum
Stiffstem Flax

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Linum rupestre
Rock Flax

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Liquidambar styraciflua
Sweetgum, American Sweetgum, Red Gum, White Gum, Star-leaved Gum, Starleaf Gum, Alligator Tree, Satin Walnut, Bilsted, Liquidambar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Lithospermum caroliniense
Carolina Puccoon, Hairy Puccoon, Hispid Gromwell

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Lithospermum incisum
Fringed Puccoon, Golden Puccoon, Narrowleaf Puccoon, Narrow-leaved Puccoon, Puccoon, Narrowleaf Gromwell, Fringed Gromwell, Narrowleaf Stoneseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lobelia cardinalis
Cardinal Flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Loeflingia squarrosa
Spreading Pygmyleaf

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lomatium foeniculaceum ssp. daucifolium
Desert Biscuitroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lonicera albiflora
Western White Honeysuckle, White Shrub Honeysuckle, White Bush Honeysuckle, White Limestone Honeysuckle, Texas Honeysuckle, White Honeysuckle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Ludwigia repens
Creeping Primrose-willow, Floating Primrose-willow, Water Primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lupinus argenteus
Silvery Lupine, Silver-stem Lupine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Lupinus caudatus
Tailcup Lupine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Lupinus plattensis
Nebraska Lupine, Dune Bluebonnet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lupinus texensis
Texas Bluebonnet, Bluebonnet, Texas Lupine, Buffalo Clover, Wolf Flower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lycium berlandieri
Berlandier's Wolfberry, Wolfberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Lycopus americanus
American Water Horehound, Water Horehound

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Lygodesmia juncea
Rush Skeletonplant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lygodesmia texana
Texas Skeleton Plant, Texas Skeleton Weed, Skeleton-plant, Purple Dandelion, Flowering Straw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lythrum californicum
California Loosestrife

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Machaeranthera pinnatifida
Lacy Tansyaster, Yellow Spiny Daisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Machaeranthera pinnatifida ssp. pinnatifida
Lacy Tansyaster, Yellow Spiny Daisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Machaeranthera pinnatifida ssp. pinnatifida var. pinnatifida
Lacy Tansyaster, Yellow Spiny Daisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Machaeranthera tanacetifolia
Tahoka Daisy, Tansy-aster, Tansey-leaf Tansy-aster

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Maclura pomifera
Osage Orange, Bois d' Arc, Bodark, Horse Apple, Hedge Apple, Bowwood, Yellowwood, Naranjo Chino

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Mahonia trifoliolata
Agarita, Agarito, Algerita, Laredo Mahonia, Laredo Oregon-grape, Trifoliate Barberry, Wild Currant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Malvella lepidota
Scurfymallow, Malvalla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Malvella leprosa
Alkali Mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Malvella sagittifolia
Arrow-leaf Mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mammillaria heyderi
Little Nipple Cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Marsilea vestita
Hairy Water Clover, Water Clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Matelea biflora
Purple Milkweed Vine, Star Milkvine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Matelea cynanchoides
Prairie Milkvine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Melampodium leucanthum
Blackfoot Daisy, Rock Daisy, Plains Blackfoot, Arnica

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Melica nitens
Three-flower Melic, Tall Melicgrass, Threeflower Melicgrass, Melicgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Melothria pendula
Guadeloupe Cucumber, Meloncito, Speckled Gourd

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Melothria pendula var. pendula
Guadeloupe Cucumber

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light:
Water:

Menodora heterophylla
Low Menodora, Redbud

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Menodora longiflora
Showy Menodora, Twinpod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Mentha arvensis
Wild Mint

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Mentzelia decapetala
Tenpetal Blazingstar

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mentzelia multiflora
Adonis Blazingstar, Prairie Stickleaf, Blazingstar

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mentzelia nuda
Bractless Blazingstar, Sand Lily

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mentzelia oligosperma
Stick-leaf, Chickenthief

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Mentzelia reverchonii
Reverchon's Blazingstar, Reverchon's Stick-leaf, Prairie Stickleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Mimosa aculeaticarpa
Catclaw Mimosa

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light:
Water:

Mimosa aculeaticarpa var. biuncifera
Catclaw Mimosa, Cat's-claw Mimosa, Wait-a-bit

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Mimosa borealis
Fragrant Mimosa, Pink Mimosa

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Mimosa nuttallii
Nuttall's Sensitive Briar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mimosa rupertiana
Eastern Sensitive Plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mimulus glabratus
Roundleaf Monkeyflower, Yellow Monkeyflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mirabilis albida
White Four O'clock, Dwarf Four O'clock

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Mirabilis linearis
Narrowleaf Four O'Clock

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Mirabilis nyctaginea
Heartleaf Four O'Clock

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Mollugo verticillata
Green Carpetweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Monarda citriodora
Lemon Beebalm, Purple Horsemint, Lemon Mint, Plains Horsemint, Lemon Horsemint, Horsemint, Purple Lemon Mint

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Monarda clinopodioides
Basil Beebalm

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Monarda pectinata
Pony Beebalm

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Monarda punctata
Spotted Beebalm, Spotted Horsemint, Horsemint

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Monarda punctata ssp. punctata var. lasiodonta
Spotted Beebalm

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Monolepis nuttalliana
Nuttall's Povertyweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Morus microphylla
Texas Mulberry, Littleleaf Mulberry, Mountain Mulberry, Mexican Mulberry, Dwarf Mulberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Morus rubra
Red Mulberry, Moral

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Muhlenbergia arenacea
Ear Muhly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Muhlenbergia arenicola
Sand Muhly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Muhlenbergia porteri
Bush Muhly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Muhlenbergia racemosa
Marsh Muhly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Muhlenbergia spiciformis
Longawn Muhly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Muhlenbergia torreyi
Ring Muhly, Torrey Muhly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Najas guadalupensis
Common Water Nymph, Southern Water Nymph, Najas

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Nama hispidum
Sand Bells, Bristly Nama, Sand-bell

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Nassella leucotricha
Texas Wintergrass, Texas Speargrass, Wintergrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Nekemias arborea
Peppervine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Nelumbo lutea
American Lotus, Yellow Water Lotus, Yellow Lotus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Nicotiana obtusifolia
Desert Tobacco, Little Tobacco, Tabaquillo, Punche

Duration: Annual, Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Nicotiana obtusifolia var. obtusifolia
Desert Tobacco, Little Tobacco, Tabaquillo, Punche

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Nolina texana
Texas Sacahuista, Texas Beargrass, Basket Grass, Sacahuista, Bunchgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Nothocalais cuspidata
Sharppoint Prairie-dandelion, Wavy-leaf Prairie-dandelion, Prairie Dandelion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Nothoscordum bivalve
Crow Poison, Crowpoison, False Garlic

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Nuttallanthus texanus
Texas Toad-flax, Texas Toadflax, Toadflax

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Nyctaginia capitata
Devil's Bouquet, Scarlet Muskflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Oenothera albicaulis
Whitest Evening-primrose, White-stem Evening-primrose, Pale Evening-primrose

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Oenothera†calcicola
Texas Beeblossom, Limestone‚†Gaura

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Oenothera canescens
Spotted Evening-primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oenothera cinerea
Woolly Beeblossom, High Plains Beeblossom, Woolly Gaura, High Plains Gaura

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Oenothera curtiflora
Velvetweed, Velvetleaf Gaura, Lizard-tail Gaura, Willow Gaura

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oenothera elata
Hooker's Evening-primrose

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Oenothera elata ssp. hirsutissima
Hooker's Evening-primrose

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oenothera engelmannii
Engelmann's Evening-primrose, Engelmann Evening Primrose

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oenothera grandis
Largeflower Eveningprimrose, Showy Evening-primrose, Showy Eveningprimrose

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oenothera jamesii
River Primrose, Trumpet Evening Primrose, Trumpet Evening-primrose

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Oenothera laciniata
Cutleaf Evening-primrose, Cut-leaved Evening Primrose

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Oenothera macrocarpa
Bigfruit Evening-primrose, Missouri Evening-primrose, Fluttermill, Big-fruit Evening-primrose, Missouri Primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Oenothera macrocarpa ssp. incana
Bigfruit Evening-primrose, Silver Leaf‚†Primrose‚†

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Oenothera macrocarpa ssp. macrocarpa
Bigfruit Evening-primrose, Fluttermill, Missouri Evening Primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Oenothera mexicana
Mexican Evening Primrose

Duration: Annual, Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oenothera pallida
Pale Evening-primrose

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Oenothera pallida ssp. runcinata
White Sands Evening Primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oenothera patriciae
Plains Beeblossom, Plains Gaura

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oenothera rhombipetala
Diamond Petal Primrose, Four-point Evening Primrose, Fourpoint Evening-primrose, Greater Four-point Evening-primrose

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Oenothera†sinuosa
Wavyleaf Beeblossom, Wavyleaf Gaura

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oenothera speciosa
Pink Evening Primrose, Showy Evening Primrose, Mexican Evening Primrose, Showy Primrose, Pink Ladies, Buttercups, Pink Buttercups

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Oenothera suffrutescens
Scarlet Beeblossom, Scarlet Gaura

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Oenothera†suffulta
Kisses, Wild Honeysuckle, Beeblossom, Roadside Gaura

Duration: Annual
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Oenothera tetraptera
Fourwing Evening Primrose

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oenothera triloba
Stemless Evening-primrose, Stemless Evening Primrose

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Oenothera†xerogaura
Drummond's Beeblossom, Drummond's Gaura

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oldenlandia uniflora
Clustered Mille Graines

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Oligomeris linifolia
Lineleaf Whitepuff

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oligoneuron rigidum
Stiff Goldenrod, Hard-leaf Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Oligoneuron rigidum var. rigidum
Stiff Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Omphalodes aliena
Mexican Navelwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Onoclea sensibilis
Sensitive Fern, Bead Fern, Sympathy Fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Onosmodium bejariense
Soft-hair Marbleseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Dry

Onosmodium bejariense var. bejariense
Soft-hair Marbleseed, False Gromwell

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Oplismenus hirtellus
Basketgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Oplismenus hirtellus ssp. setarius
Basketgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Opuntia atrispina
Border Pricklypear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light:
Water:

Opuntia engelmannii
Cactus Apple, Prickly Pear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Opuntia engelmannii var. lindheimeri
Texas Prickly Pear, Lindheimer's Prickly Pear, Lindheimer Prickly Pear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Opuntia fragilis
Brittle Prickly Pear, Fragile Prickly Pear, Pygmy Prickly Pear, Brittle Cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Opuntia humifusa
Low Prickly Pear, Smooth Prickly Pear, Devil's Tongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Opuntia macrocentra
Purple Pricklypear, Purple Prickly Pear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Opuntia macrocentra var. macrocentra
Purple Pricklypear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Opuntia macrorhiza
Bigroot Prickly Pear, Twist-spine Prickly Pear, Common Prickly Pear, Plains Prickly Pear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Opuntia phaeacantha
Tulip Prickly Pear, Brownspine Prickly Pear Cactus, Purple-fruited Prickly Pear, Brown-spined Prickly Pear, New Mexico Prickly Pear, Desert Prickly Pear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Opuntia polyacantha
Plains Prickly Pear, Hair-spine Prickly Pear, Nopal Peludito

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Opuntia polyacantha var. polyacantha
Hairspine Pricklypear, Utah Grizzlybear Pricklypear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Opuntia strigil
Marblefruit Pricklypear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light:
Water:

Orobanche ludoviciana
Louisiana Broomrape

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Orobanche ludoviciana ssp. multiflora
Manyflower Broomrape

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Orobanche uniflora
One-flowered Broomrape, One-flower Cancer Root

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Osmunda cinnamomea
Cinnamon Fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Osmunda cinnamomea var. cinnamomea
Cinnamon Fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light:
Water:

Oxalis albicans
Radishroot Woodsorrel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Oxalis dichondrifolia
Peonyleaf Woodsorrel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oxalis dillenii
Slender Yellow Wood Sorrel, Yellow Wood Sorrel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oxalis drummondii
Drummond's Wood-sorrel, Large-leaf Wood-sorrel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Oxalis violacea
Violet Woodsorrel, Violet Wood-sorrel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Oxytropis lambertii
Purple Locoweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Oxytropis sericea
White Locoweed, Silky Locoweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Oxytropis sericea var. sericea
White Locoweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Packera plattensis
Prairie Groundsel, Prairie Ragwort

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Packera tampicana
Yellowtop, Great Plains Ragwort, Butterweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Packera tridenticulata
Threetooth Ragwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Palafoxia callosa
Small Palafox, Small Palafoxia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Palafoxia hookeriana
Sand Palafox, Showy Palafox, Hooker Palafoxia, Sand Palafoxia, Hooker's Palafoxia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Palafoxia rosea
Rosy Palafox, Rose Palafoxia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Palafoxia rosea var. macrolepis
Rosy Palafox

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Palafoxia sphacelata
Othake, Sand Palafoxia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Dry

Palafoxia texana
Texas Palafox

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Palafoxia texana var. ambigua
Texas Palafox

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Panicum amarum
Bitter Panicgrass, Beachgrass, Coastal Panic Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Panicum capillare
Witchgrass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Panicum dichotomiflorum
Fall Panicgrass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Panicum diffusum
West Indian Panicgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Panicum hallii
Hall's Panicgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Panicum obtusum
Vine Mesquite

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Panicum philadelphicum
Philadelphia Panicgrass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Panicum rigidulum
Redtop Panicgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Panicum virgatum
Switchgrass, Wand Panic Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Panicum virgatum var. virgatum
Switchgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Pappophorum bicolor
Pink Pappasgrass, Pink Pappusgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Pappophorum vaginatum
Whiplash Pappusgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Parietaria floridana
Florida Pellitory

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Parietaria pensylvanica
Pennsylvania Pellitory, Pennsylvania Cucumber Plant

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Parkinsonia aculeata
Retama, Paloverde, Mexican Paloverde, Jerusalem Thorn, Horsebean, Lluvia De Oro

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Parkinsonia texana
Texas Paloverde, Border Paloverde, Retama China

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Parkinsonia texana var. macra
Texas Paloverde, Border Paloverde

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Parkinsonia texana var. texana
Palo-verde, Texas Palo-verde, Texas Paloverde

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Paronychia drummondii
Drummond's Nailwort

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Paronychia jamesii
James' Nailwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Paronychia jonesii
Jones' Nailwort

Duration: Annual, Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Paronychia lindheimeri
Forked Nailwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Paronychia lundelliorum
Lundell's Nailwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Parthenium confertum
Gray's Feverfew

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Parthenium incanum
Mariola

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Parthenocissus quinquefolia
Virginia Creeper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Parthenocissus vitacea
Hiedra Creeper, Woodbine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Pascopyrum smithii
Western Wheatgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Paspalidium geminatum
Egyptian Panicgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Paspalum distichum
Knotgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Paspalum langei
Rustyseed Paspalum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Paspalum monostachyum
Gulfdune Paspalum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Paspalum plicatulum
Brownseed Paspalum, Brownseed Paspale

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Paspalum pubiflorum
Hairyseed Paspalum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Passiflora affinis
Bracted Passionflower, Passion Flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Passiflora foetida
Corona De Cristo, Fetid Passionflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Passiflora foetida var. gossypiifolia
Cottonleaf Passionflower, Corona De Cristo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Passiflora tenuiloba
Bird Wing Passionflower, Birdwing Passionflower, Slender-lobe Passionflower, Spread Lobe Passionflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Pavonia lasiopetala
Rock Rose, Rose Pavonia, Rose Mallow, Pavonia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Pectis angustifolia
Limoncillo, Lemonscent, Crownseed Pectis, Lemon-scented Pectis, Lemonscent Pectis, Lemonweed, Chinchweed, Fetid Marigold

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Pectis angustifolia var. fastigiata
Lemonscent

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pediomelum argophyllum
Silverleaf Indian Breadroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Moist

Pediomelum cuspidatum
Indian-turnip, Largebract Indian Breadroot, Tall Scurfy Pea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pediomelum digitatum
Palmleaf Indian Breadroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pediomelum hypogaeum
Subterranean Indian Breadroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pediomelum hypogaeum var. hypogaeum
Subterranean Indian Breadroot, Indian Breadroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pediomelum latestipulatum
Texas Plains Indian Breadroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pediomelum latestipulatum var. latestipulatum
Texas Plains Indian Breadroot, Scurfpea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pediomelum linearifolium
Narrowleaf Indian Breadroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pediomelum rhombifolium
Brown-flowered Psoralea, Gulf Indian Breadroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pellaea atropurpurea
Purple Cliffbrake

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light:
Water: Dry

Pellaea glabella
Smooth Cliffbrake

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Sun
Water:

Pellaea ovata
Ovateleaf Cliffbrake, Ovate-leaf Cliffbrake

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Sun
Water:

Pellaea wrightiana
Wright's Cliffbrake Fern, Wright's Cliffbrake

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light:
Water:

Peniocereus greggii
Nightblooming Cereus, Night-blooming Cereus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light:
Water:

Peniocereus greggii var. greggii
Nightblooming Cereus, Night-blooming-cereus, Queen Of The Night

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Penstemon albidus
White Penstemon, White Beardtongue, Red-line Penstemon, Red-line Beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Penstemon ambiguus
Pink Plains Penstemon, Pink Plains Beardtongue, Gilia Penstemon, Gilia Beardtongue, Sand Penstemon, Sand Beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Penstemon baccharifolius
Rock Penstemon, Rock Beardtongue, Cut-leaf Penstemon, Cut-leaf Beardtongue, Baccharis-leaf Penstemon, Baccharis-leaf Beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Penstemon barbatus
Scarlet Bugler, Beard-lip Penstemon, Beard-lip Beardtongue, Red Penstemon, Red Beardtongue, Goldenbeard Penstemon, Goldenbeard Beardtongue, Saint Joseph's Staff, Varita De San Jose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Penstemon buckleyi
Buckley's Penstemon, Buckley's Beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Penstemon cobaea
Prairie Penstemon, Prairie Beardtongue, Foxglove Penstemon, Foxglove Beardtongue, False Foxglove, Large-flowered Penstemon, Large-flowered Beardtongue, Cobaea Penstemon, Cobaea Beardtongue, Wild Foxglove

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Penstemon digitalis
Mississippi Penstemon, Mississippi Beardtongue, Smooth White Penstemon, Smooth White Beardtongue, Talus Slope Penstemon, Talus Slope Beardtongue, Foxglove Penstemon, Foxglove Beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Penstemon fendleri
Fendler's Penstemon, Fendler's Beardtongue, Fendler Penstemon, Fendler Beardtongue, Purple Foxglove

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Penstemon guadalupensis
Guadalupe Penstemon, Guadalupe Beardtongue, White Penstemon, White Beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Penstemon jamesii
James's Penstemon, James's Beardtongue, James Penstemon, James Beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Penstemon laxiflorus
Nodding Penstemon, Nodding Beardtongue, Loose-flowered Penstemon, Loose-flowered Beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Penstemon triflorus
Hill Country Penstemon, Hill Country Beardtongue, Scarlet Penstemon, Scarlet Beardtongue, Heller's Penstemon, Heller's Beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Penstemon triflorus ssp. integrifolius
Heller's Penstemon, Heller's Beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Penstemon triflorus ssp. triflorus
Heller's Penstemon, Heller's Beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Penstemon tubaeflorus
White Wand Penstemon, White Wand Beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Penthorum sedoides
Ditch Stonecrop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Perityle angustifolia
Narrow-leaved Rockdaisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Perityle lindheimeri
Lindheimer's Rockdaisy, Rock Daisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Perityle lindheimeri var. halimifolia
Lindheimer's Rockdaisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Persea borbonia
Redbay, Red Bay, Sweet Bay, Silk Bay, Red Bay Persea, Laurel Tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Petiveria alliacea
Guinea Hen Weed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Phacelia congesta
Blue Curls, Caterpillars, Fiddleneck

Duration: Annual, Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Phacelia hirsuta
Fuzzy Phacelia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phacelia integrifolia
Gyp Blue-curls, Gypsum Phacelia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Phacelia laxa
Coastal Phacelia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phacelia patuliflora
Blue Phacelia, Sand Phacelia, Sand Scorpion-weed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Phacelia patuliflora var. austrotexana
South Texas Sand Phacelia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phacelia patuliflora var. patuliflora
Sand Phacelia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phacelia patuliflora var. teucriifolia
Sand Phacelia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phacelia popei
Pope's Phacelia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phalaris caroliniana
Carolina Canarygrass, Maygrass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Phaulothamnus spinescens
Devilqueen, Snake-eyes

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Phemeranthus aurantiacus
Orange Flameflower, Flameflower, Fameflower, Talinum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Phemeranthus calycinus
Largeflower Flameflower, Largeflower Fameflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Phemeranthus parviflorus
Sunbright, Dwarf Flameflower, Prairie Flameflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Philadelphus pubescens
Hoary Mock Orange

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Philadelphus texensis
Texas Mock Orange

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Phlox cuspidata
Pointed Phlox

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phlox drummondii
Annual Phlox, Phlox, Drummond Phlox

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Phlox drummondii ssp. drummondii
Annual Phlox

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phlox drummondii ssp. mcallisteri
Mcallister's Phlox, Drummond Phlox

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phlox glabriflora
Rio Grande Phlox

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phlox glabriflora ssp. littoralis
Rio Grande Phlox

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phlox pilosa
Downy Phlox, Prairie Phlox, Fragrant Phlox

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Phlox pilosa ssp. pilosa
Downy Phlox, Fragrant Phlox, Prairie Phlox

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Phlox roemeriana
Goldeneye Phlox, Golden-eye Phlox

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Phoradendron tomentosum
Christmas Mistletoe, Mistletoe, Injerto

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Phragmites australis
Common Reed, Phragmites

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Phyla cuneifolia
Wedgeleaf, Wedgeleaf Frogfruit, Wedgeleaf Fogfruit

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Phyla lanceolata
Lanceleaf Frogfruit, Lanceleaf Fogfruit

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phyla nodiflora
Texas Frogfruit, Turkey Tangle Fogfruit, Frogfruit

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Phyllanthus abnormis
Drummond's Leaf-flower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phyllanthus polygonoides
Smartweed Leaf-flower, Knotweed Leafflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Physalis angulata
Cutleaf Groundcherry

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Physalis cinerascens
Smallflower Groundcherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Physalis cinerascens var. cinerascens
Smallflower Groundcherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Physalis hederifolia
Ivyleaf Groundcherry, Ivy-leaf Groundcherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Physalis heterophylla
Clammy Groundcherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Dry

Physalis longifolia
Longleaf Groundcherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Physalis longifolia var. longifolia
Longleaf Groundcherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Physalis mollis
Field Groundcherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Physalis mollis var. variovestita
Field Groundcherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Physalis pubescens
Downy Ground-cherry, Husk Tomato

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Physalis virginiana
Virginia Groundcherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Physostegia correllii
Correll's False Dragonhead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Physostegia intermedia
Spring Obedient Plant, Marsh Obedient Plant, Slender False Dragonhead, Intermediate False Dragonhead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Physostegia pulchella
Beautiful False Dragon-head, Showy False Dragonhead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Physostegia virginiana
Fall Obedient Plant, False Dragonhead, Virginia Lions-heart

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Physostegia virginiana ssp. praemorsa
Fall Obedient Plant, False Dragonhead, Lionheart, Obedient Plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Phytolacca americana
American Pokeweed, Great Pokeweed, Pokeweed, Pokeberry, Red Ink Plant, Pigeonberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Picradeniopsis woodhousei
Woodhouse's Bahia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Pilostyles thurberi
Pilostyles, Thurber's Stemsucker

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pinaropappus roseus
White Rocklettuce, White Dandelion, Pink Dandelion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pinus remota
Papershell Pinyon, Remote Pinyon Pine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Pistacia mexicana
Mexican Pistachio, Texas Pistachio, American Pistachio, Copal Pistachio, Wild Pistachio, Lentisco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Pistia stratiotes
Water Lettuce

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Plantago aristata
Largebracted Plantain, Buckthorn

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Plantago helleri
Heller's Plantain, Cedar Plantain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Plantago heterophylla
Slender Plantain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Plantago hookeriana
California Plantain, Tallow Weed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Plantago patagonica
Woolly Plantain, Bristle-bract Plantain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Plantago rhodosperma
Redseed Plantain, Red-seeded Plantain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Plantago virginica
Virginia Plantain, Paleseed Indian-wheat, Dwarf Plantain, Paleseed Plantain, Hoary Plantain, Southern Plantain

Duration: Annual, Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Plantago wrightiana
Wright's Plantain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Platanus occidentalis
American Sycamore, Eastern Sycamore, American Plane Tree, Plane Tree, Buttonwood, Buttonball Tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Pleopeltis polypodioides
Resurrection Fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern, Vine
Light:
Water:

Pleopeltis polypodioides ssp. michauxiana
Resurrection Fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light:
Water:

Pleuraphis jamesii
James' Galleta

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Pleuraphis mutica
Tobosa Grass, Tobosagrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Pluchea odorata
Sweetscent, Saltmarsh Fleabane

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Pluchea odorata var. odorata
Sweetscent, Marsh Fleabane, Southern Marsh Fleabane

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Plumbago scandens
Doctorbush, Summer Snow Plumbago, Mexican Plumbago

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Poa arachnifera
Texas Bluegrass, Texas Blue Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Poa bigelovii
Bigelow's Bluegrass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Poa pratensis
Kentucky Bluegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Polanisia dodecandra
Redwhisker Clammyweed, Clammyweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polanisia dodecandra ssp. trachysperma
Clammy-weed, Clammyweed, Sandyseed Clammyweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Polanisia erosa
Large Clammyweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polanisia erosa ssp. breviglandulosa
Large Clammyweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polygala alba
White Milkwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Polygala incarnata
Procession Flower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Polygala lindheimeri
Shrubby Milkwort, Purple Milkwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polygala lindheimeri var. lindheimeri
Shrubby Milkwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Polygala lindheimeri var. parvifolia
Shrubby Milkwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Polygala macradenia
Glandleaf Milkwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Polygala ovatifolia
Eggleaf Milkwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Polygala sanguinea
Purple Milkwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Polygala verticillata
Whorled Milkwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Polygonella parksii
Parks' Jointweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Polygonum amphibium
Water Knotweed, Water Smartweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Polygonum amphibium var. emersum
Longroot Smartweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polygonum glabrum
Denseflower Knotweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polygonum hydropiperoides
Swamp Smartweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Polygonum lapathifolium
Curlytop Knotweed, Curl-top Smartweed, Pale Smartweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polygonum pensylvanicum
Pennsylvania Smartweed, Pink Smartweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Polygonum punctatum
Dotted Smartweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Polygonum ramosissimum
Bushy Knotweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polygonum scandens
Climbing False Buckwheat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Polygonum tenue
Pleatleaf Knotweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polypremum procumbens
Juniper Leaf, Rustweed

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polytaenia nuttallii
Nuttall's Prairie Parsley, Prairie Parsley, Wild Dill, Prairie Parsnip

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Polytaenia texana
Texas Prairie Parsley, Texas-parsley

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Pomaria jamesii
James Rush-pea, James' Holdback

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Populus deltoides
Eastern Cottonwood, Carolina Poplar, Necklace Poplar, Alamo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Populus deltoides ssp. deltoides
Eastern Cottonwood, Southern Cottonwood, Carolina Poplar, Eastern Poplar, Necklace Poplar, Alamo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Populus deltoides ssp. monilifera
Plains Cottonwood, Great Plains Cottonwood, Texas Cottonwood, Northern Cottonwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Porophyllum scoparium
Trans-pecos Poreleaf, Poreleaf, Shrubby Poreleaf, Hierba Del Venado, Jarilla, Pomerillo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Portulaca pilosa
Kiss Me Quick, Chisme

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Portulaca umbraticola
Wingpod Purslane, Purslane

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Portulaca umbraticola ssp. umbraticola
Wingpod Purslane

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Potamogeton diversifolius
Waterthread Pondweed, Threadleaf Pondweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Potamogeton foliosus
Leafy Pondweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Potamogeton foliosus ssp. foliosus
Leafy Pondweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Potamogeton illinoensis
Illinois Pondweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Potamogeton nodosus
Knotty Pondweed, Longleaf Pondweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Potamogeton pusillus
Small Pondweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Proboscidea louisianica
Louisiana Devil's-claw, Devil's-claw, Ram's-horn, Unicorn Plant, Proboscis Flower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Proboscidea louisianica ssp. louisianica
Ram's Horn, Devil's Claw, Unicorn Plant, Ram's Horn

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Prosopis glandulosa
Honey Mesquite, Glandular Mesquite, Algarroba

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Prosopis reptans
Tornillo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub, Vine
Light:
Water:

Prunella vulgaris
Common Selfheal

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Prunus angustifolia
Chickasaw Plum, Sandhill Plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Prunus gracilis
Oklahoma Plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Prunus mexicana
Mexican Plum, Bigtree Plum, Inch Plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Prunus minutiflora
Texas Almond, Texas Wild Almond, Dwarf Plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Prunus rivularis
River Plum, Creek Plum, Hog Plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Prunus serotina
Black Cherry, Wild Black Cherry, Rum Cherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Prunus serotina var. eximia
Escarpment Black Cherry, Edwards Plateau Black Cherry, Escarpment Cherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Prunus virginiana
Chokecherry, Common Chokecherry, Choke Cherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Prunus virginiana var. demissa
Western Chokecherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light:
Water:

Pseudognaphalium obtusifolium
Sweet Everlasting, Rabbit-tobacco, Fragrant Cudweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pseudognaphalium obtusifolium ssp. obtusifolium
Blunt-leaf Rabbit-tobacco, Rabbit Tobacco, Sweet Everlasting, Fragrant Cudweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Pseudognaphalium stramineum
Cottonbatting Plant

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Psilostrophe gnaphalioides
Dudweed

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Psilostrophe tagetina
Woolly Paperflower, Paperflower

Duration: Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Psilostrophe tagetina var. cerifera
Woolly Paperflower, Plains Paperflower, Hairy Paperflower

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Psoralidium lanceolatum
Lemon Scurfpea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Psoralidium tenuiflorum
Slimflower Scurfpea, Scurfy Pea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ptelea trifoliata
Wafer Ash, Common Hoptree, Hop Tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Ptelea trifoliata ssp. trifoliata
Baldwin Hop-tree, Common Hoptree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Pterocaulon virgatum
Wand Blackroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Pycnanthemum albescens
Whiteleaf Mountain Mint

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Pycnanthemum tenuifolium
Narrowleaf Mountain Mint, Slender Mountain Mint, Common Horsemint

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Pyrrhopappus grandiflorus
Tuberous Desert-chicory

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pyrrhopappus pauciflorus
Smallflower Desert-chicory, Texas Dandelion, False Dandelion

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Quercus buckleyi
Texas Red Oak, Buckley Oak, Texas Oak, Spanish Oak, Spotted Oak, Rock Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus fusiformis
Escarpment Live Oak, Plateau Live Oak, Hill Country Live Oak, Texas Live Oak, Scrub Live Oak, Plateau Oak, Encino Molino, Tesmoli

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus gravesii
Chisos Red Oak, Graves Oak, Mountain Red Oak, Rock Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus havardii
Havard Oak, Havard Shin-oak, Shinnery Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus laceyi
Lacey Oak, Texas Blue Oak, Canyon Oak, Smoky Oak, Rock Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus margaretta
Sand Post Oak, Runner Oak, Drummond Post Oak, Dwarf Post Oak, Scrubby Post Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Quercus marilandica
Blackjack Oak, Barren Oak, Black Oak, Jack Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus mohriana
Mohr Oak, Shin Oak, Scrub Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus muehlenbergii
Chinkapin Oak, Chinquapin Oak, Chestnut Oak, Yellow Chestnut Oak, Rock Chestnut Oak, Yellow Oak, Rock Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus polymorpha
Mexican White Oak, Netleaf White Oak, Monterrey Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Quercus sinuata
Bastard Oak, Durand Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Quercus sinuata var. breviloba
White Shin Oak, Bigelow Oak, Scaly-bark Oak, Limestone Durand Oak, Shortlobe Oak, Bastard Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus stellata
Post Oak, Iron Oak, Cross Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus virginiana
Coastal Live Oak, Southern Live Oak, Virginia Live Oak, Live Oak, Encino

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Quincula lobata
Purple Groundcherry, Chinese Lantern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Randia rhagocarpa
Crucillo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Ranunculus abortivus
Early Wood Buttercup, Kidney-leaf Buttercup, Littleleaf Buttercup

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Ranunculus cymbalaria
Alkali Buttercup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Ranunculus fascicularis
Early Buttercup, Tufted Buttercup, Prairie Buttercup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water:

Ranunculus hispidus
Bristly Buttercup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Ranunculus hispidus var. nitidus
Bristly Buttercup, Buttercup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ranunculus longirostris
Longbeak Buttercup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Ranunculus sceleratus
Cursed Buttercup

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Ranunculus sceleratus var. sceleratus
Cursed Buttercup

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ratibida columnifera
Mexican Hat, Red-spike Mexican Hat, Upright Prairie Coneflower, Prairie Coneflower, Long-headed Coneflower, Thimbleflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Ratibida peduncularis
Naked Mexican Hat, Naked Prairie Coneflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Rayjacksonia phyllocephala
Camphor Daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rhexia mariana
Maryland Meadow Beauty, Pale Meadow Beauty

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Rhus aromatica
Fragrant Sumac, Aromatic Sumac, Lemon Sumac, Polecat Bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rhus aromatica var. serotina
Fragrant Sumac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Rhus glabra
Smooth Sumac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Rhus lanceolata
Prairie Flameleaf Sumac, Flameleaf Sumac, Prairie Sumac, Lance-leaf Sumac, Lance-leaved Sumac, Texas Sumac, Tree Sumac, Limestone Sumac, Prairie Shining Sumac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Rhus microphylla
Littleleaf Sumac, Desert Sumac, Correosa, Agritos

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Rhus trilobata
Skunkbush, Skunkbush Sumac, Fragrant Sumac, Aromatic Sumac, Scented Sumac, Ill-scented Sumac, Basketbush, Squawbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Rhus trilobata var. pilosissima
Downy Fragrant Sumac, Downy Aromatic Sumac, Pubescent Skunkbush Sumac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Rhus trilobata var. trilobata
Skunkbush Sumac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Rhus virens
Evergreen Sumac, Tobacco Sumac, Lambrisco, Lentrisco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Rhynchosia americana
American Snoutbean

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light:
Water:

Rhynchosia latifolia
Prairie Snoutbean

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Rhynchosia minima
Least Snoutbean

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Rhynchosia senna
Texas Snoutbean

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light:
Water:

Rhynchosia senna var. texana
Texas Snout-bean, Texas Snoutbean

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Rhynchosida physocalyx
Bladderpod Sida, Buffpetal, Beaked Sida

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rhynchospora colorata
Starrush Whitetop, Star Sedge, White-topped Sedge, Whitetop Sedge, Star Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Rhynchospora corniculata
Shortbristle Horned Beaksedge, Horned Beakrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Rhynchospora nitens
Shortbeak Beaksedge

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Rhynchospora nivea
Showy Whitetop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Ribes aureum
Golden Currant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Ribes aureum var. villosum
Clove Currant, Golden Currant, Buffalo Currant, Missouri Currant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Richardia brasiliensis
Tropical Mexican Clover, Brazil Pusley

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Richardia tricocca
Prairie Mexican Clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rivina humilis
Pigeonberry, Rouge Plant, Baby-peppers, Bloodberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Robinia pseudoacacia
Black Locust, Honey Locust

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Rorippa palustris
Bog Yellowcress

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rorippa teres
Southern Marsh Yellowcress

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rosa arkansana
Prairie Rose, Arkansas Rose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Rosa carolina
Carolina Rose, Pasture Rose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Rosa carolina var. carolina
Carolina Rose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rosa setigera
Climbing Prairie Rose, Climbing Rose, Prairie Rose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rosa woodsii
Woods' Rose, Western Wild Rose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rotala ramosior
Lowland Rotala

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Rubus trivialis
Southern Dewberry, Dewberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rudbeckia hirta
Black-eyed Susan, Common Black-eyed Susan, Brown-eyed Susan

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Ruellia davisiorum
Rio Grande Wild Petunia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Ruellia drummondiana
Drummond's Ruellia, Drummond's Wild Petunia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ruellia humilis
Prairie Petunia, Fringeleaf Wild Petunia, Hairy Ruellia, Low Wild Petunia, Low Ruellia, Fringeleaf Ruellia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ruellia malacosperma
Softseed Wild Petunia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ruellia metziae
White Ruellia, Metz's Wild Petunia, Metz Wild Petunia, Wild White Petunia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Ruellia nudiflora
Violet Ruellia, Common Wild Petunia, Violet Wild Petunia, Wild Petunia, Hierba De La Calentura

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Ruellia nudiflora var. nudiflora
Violet Wild Petunia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ruellia nudiflora var. runyonii
Runyon's Wild Petunia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Ruellia occidentalis
Western Wild Petunia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Ruellia parryi
Parry's Wild Petunia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Ruellia yucatana
Yucatan Wild Petunia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rumex altissimus
Pale Dock

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rumex chrysocarpus
Amamastla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rumex hastatulus
Heart-wing Sorrel, Heartwing Sorrel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rumex hymenosepalus
Canaigre Dock, Canaigre, Desert Rhubarb

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rumex maritimus
Golden Dock

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Rumex spiralis
Winged Dock

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rumex venosus
Veiny Dock, Winged Dock

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Ruppia maritima
Widgeongrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Sabal minor
Dwarf Palmetto, Bush Palmetto, Palmetto

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sabatia angularis
Rosepink, Rose-pink

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Sabatia arenicola
Sand Rose Gentian

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Sabatia campestris
Texas Star, Rose Gentian, Meadow Pink, Prairie Rose-gentian, Prairie Sabatia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Sagittaria calycina
Hooded Arrowhead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sagittaria cuneata
Arumleaf Arrowhead, Narrowleaf Arrowhead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Sagittaria latifolia
Broadleaf Arrowhead, Arrowhead, Duckroot, Duck-potato, Wapato

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Sagittaria longiloba
Longbarb Arrowhead, Flecha De Agua, Long-lobe Arrowhead, Long-barb Arrowhead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Sagittaria platyphylla
Delta Arrowhead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Salicornia bigelovii
Dwarf Saltwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Salicornia depressa
Virginia Glasswort, American Glasswort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Salix amygdaloides
Peachleaf Willow, Peach-leaf Willow, Almond-leaf Willow, Almond Willow, Peach Willow, Southwestern Peach Willow, Wright Willow, Wright Peachleaf Willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Salix caroliniana
Coastal Plain Willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Salix exigua
Coyote Willow, Narrow-leaf Willow, Narrowleaf Willow, Sandbar Willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Salix gooddingii
Goodding's Willow, San Joaquin Willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Salix nigra
Black Willow, Gulf Black Willow, Swamp Willow, Sauz

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Salvia azurea
Pitcher Sage, Big Blue Sage, Azure Sage, Giant Blue Sage, Blue Sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Salvia azurea var. grandiflora
Pitcher Sage, Blue Sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Salvia ballotiflora
Shrubby Blue Sage, Blue Shrub Sage, Mejorana

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Salvia coccinea
Scarlet Sage, Tropical Sage, Blood Sage, Red Sage, Indian Fire

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Salvia engelmannii
Engelmann's Sage, Engelmann's Salvia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Salvia farinacea
Mealy Blue Sage, Mealy Sage, Mealycup Sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Salvia greggii
Autumn Sage, Cherry Sage, Gregg Salvia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Salvia lyrata
Lyreleaf Sage, Cancer Weed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Salvia reflexa
Lanceleaf Sage

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Salvia roemeriana
Cedar Sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Salvia texana
Texas Sage, Blue Sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Salvia whitehousei
Clustered Sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sambucus nigra
Black Elderberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light:
Water:

Sambucus nigra ssp. canadensis
Common Elderberry, Black Elder, Mexican Elderberry, Common Elder, Elderberry, Tapiro, Sauco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Samolus ebracteatus
Limewater Brookweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Samolus ebracteatus ssp. cuneatus
Limerock Brookweed, Limewater Brookweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Samolus valerandi
Seaside Brookweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Samolus valerandi ssp. parviflorus
Seaside Brookweed, Water Pimpernel, Thin-leaf Brookweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Sanicula canadensis
Canadian Blacksnakeroot, Black Snakeroot

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sapindus saponaria
Wingleaf Soapberry, Soapberry, Wild China Tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Sapindus saponaria var. drummondii
Western Soapberry, Soapberry, Wild China Tree, Wild Chinaberry, Indian Soap Plant, Jaboncillo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Schaefferia cuneifolia
Desert Yaupon

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Schedonnardus paniculatus
Tumblegrass, Tumble Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Schizachyrium scoparium
Little Bluestem, Popotillo Azul

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Schoenocaulon drummondii
Green Feathershank, Green Lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Schoenocaulon texanum
Green Lily, Texas Feathershank, Texas Sabadilla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Schoenoplectus acutus
Hardstem Bulrush, Tule

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Schoenoplectus acutus var. acutus
Hardstem Bulrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Schoenoplectus californicus
California Bulrush, California Club-rush, Giant Bulrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Schoenoplectus pungens
Common Threesquare, Chairmaker's-rush, American Bulrush, Threesquare Bulrush, Sharp Clubrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani
Softstem Bulrush, Soft-stem Club-rush, Great Bulrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Schoenus nigricans
Black Bog-rush, Black Bogrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Scirpus atrovirens
Green Bulrush, Dark Green Bulrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Scirpus cyperinus
Woolgrass, Cottongrass Bulrush, Marsh Bulrush, Teddybear Paws

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Scleria triglomerata
Whip Nutrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Sclerocarpus uniserialis
Mexican Bonebract

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sclerocarpus uniserialis var. uniserialis
Mexican Bonebract

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Scleropogon brevifolius
Burrograss

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Scutellaria drummondii
Drummond's Skullcap

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Scutellaria drummondii var. drummondii
Drummond's Skullcap

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Scutellaria drummondii var. edwardsiana
Drummond's Skullcap

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Scutellaria galericulata
Marsh Skullcap

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Scutellaria lateriflora
Blue Skullcap

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Scutellaria parvula
Small Skullcap

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Scutellaria resinosa
Resin-dot Skullcap, Resinous Skullcap, Shrubby Skullcap, Sticky Skullcap

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Scutellaria wrightii
Wright's Skullcap, Bushy Skullcap, Shrubby‚†Skullcap

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sedum nuttallianum
Yellow Stonecrop

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Sedum wrightii
Wright's Stonecrop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Selaginella apoda
Meadow Spikemoss

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Selaginella lepidophylla
Flower Of Stone

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light:
Water:

Selaginella peruviana
Peruvian Spikemoss

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Selenia grandis
Large Selenia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Selenia jonesii
Jones' Selenia, Jones Selenia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Selinocarpus diffusus
Spreading Moonpod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub, Shrub
Light:
Water:

Senecio ampullaceus
Texas Ragwort, Texas Groundsel, Texas Butterweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Senecio flaccidus
Threadleaf Ragwort, Threadleaf Groundsel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Senecio riddellii
Riddell's Ragwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Senegalia berlandieri
Guajillo, Berlandier Acacia, Berlandier's Acacia, Round-flowered Catclaw, Roundflower Catclaw, Mimosa Catclaw, Thornless Catclaw, Huajilla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Senegalia greggii
Gregg Acacia, Gregg's Acacia, Gregg Catclaw Acacia, Gregg's Catclaw Acacia, Gregg Catclaw, Gregg's Catclaw, Texas Catclaw Acacia, Texas Catclaw, Long-flowered Catclaw Acacia, Longflower Catclaw Acacia, Long-flowered Catclaw, Longflower Catclaw, Catclaw Acacia, Catclaw, Devil's Claw, U„ĪA De Gato

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Senegalia†roemeriana
Roemer Acacia, Roemer's Acacia, Roundflower Catclaw, Round-flowered Catclaw, Catclaw Acacia, Catclaw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Senegalia wrightii
Wright Acacia, Wright's Acacia, Catclaw Acacia, Catclaw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Senna bauhinioides
Twinleaf, Twinleaf Senna

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Senna lindheimeriana
Lindheimer's Senna, Velvet Leaf Senna, Velvetleaf Senna, Velvet-leaf Wild Sensitive-plant, Puppy-dog Ears

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Senna pumilio
Dwarf Senna

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Senna roemeriana
Twoleaf Senna, Two Leaved Senna

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Senna wislizeni
Canyon Senna, Shrubby Senna, Dwarf Senna, Wislizenus's Senna, Wislizenus's Wild Sensitive-plant, Carrozo, Pinacate, Palo Prieto, Pinacatillo, Hojas„©N, Ejotillo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Serjania brachycarpa
Littlefruit Slipplejack, Serjania

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Sesbania drummondii
Rattlebush, Rattlebox, Poisonbean

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Sesbania herbacea
Coffeeweed, Bigpod Sesbania

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Sesuvium portulacastrum
Shoreline Seapurslane, Sea Purslane, Cenicilla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Sesuvium verrucosum
Verrucose Seapurslane, Western Sea Purslane

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Setaria grisebachii
Grisebach's Bristlegrass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Setaria leucopila
Streambed Bristlegrass, Plains Bristlegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Setaria parviflora
Marsh Bristlegrass, Knotroot Bristlegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Setaria reverchonii
Reverchon's Bristlegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Setaria reverchonii ssp. ramiseta
Rio Grande Bristlegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Setaria scheelei
Southwestern Bristlegrass, Scheele's Bristlegrass, Scheele's Foxtail Grass, Foxtail Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Setaria texana
Texas Bristlegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Seymeria texana
Texas Blacksenna

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sibara virginica
Virginia Winged Rockcress

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sicyos angulatus
One-seed Burr Cucumber, Star Cucumber

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Sida ciliaris
Bracted Fanpetals, Bracted Sida

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sida lindheimeri
Lindheimer's Sida, Showy Fanpetals

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sida longipes
Stockflower Fanpetals

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Sida spinosa
Prickly Fanpetals

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Sideroxylon celastrinum
Saffron Plum, Coma Saffron Plum, La Coma, Coma, Milk Buckthorn, Tropical Buckthorn, Downward Plum, Antswood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Sideroxylon lanuginosum
Gum Bumelia, Gum Bully, Woollybucket Bumelia, Woolly Bumelia, Gum Woollybucket, Woolly Buckthorn, Chittamwood, Shittamwood, Gum Elastic, Coma, Black Haw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Sideroxylon lanuginosum ssp. oblongifolium
Gum Bully, Chittamwood, Gum Elastic Tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Sideroxylon lanuginosum ssp. rigidum
Gum Bully, Brazos Bumelia, Black Haw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Silene antirrhina
Sleepy Silene, Sleepy Catchfly

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Silphium albiflorum
White Rosinweed, White-flowered Rosinweed, Compass Plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Silphium radula
Roughstem Rosinweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Simsia calva
Awnless Bush Sunflower, Bush Sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Sisyrinchium albidum
White Blue-eyed Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sisyrinchium angustifolium
Narrowleaf Blue-eyed Grass, Narrow-leaf Blue-eyed-grass, Bermuda Blue-eyed Grass, Blue-eyed Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Sisyrinchium atlanticum
Eastern Blue-eyed Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Sisyrinchium biforme
Wiry Blue-eyed Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sisyrinchium campestre
Prairie Blue-eyed Grass, White-eyed Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Sisyrinchium chilense
Sword-leaf Blue-eyed Grass, Swordleaf Blue-eyed Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sisyrinchium langloisii
Roadside Blue-eyed Grass, Dotted Blue-eyed Grass, Southern Blue-eyed Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Sisyrinchium minus
Dwarf Blue-eyed-grass, Pink-eyed-grass, Pink Blue-eyed-grass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sisyrinchium montanum
Strict Blue-eyed Grass, Mountain Blue-eyed Grass, Common Blue-eyed Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sisyrinchium montanum var. montanum
Strict Blue-eyed Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sisyrinchium rosulatum
Annual Blue-eyed Grass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sisyrinchium sagittiferum
Spearbract Blue-eyed Grass, Blue-eyed Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Smallanthus uvedalius
Hairy Leafcup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Smilax bona-nox
Sawbriar, Saw Greenbriar, Catbriar, Bullbriar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Smilax glauca
Cat Greenbriar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Vine
Light:
Water:

Smilax lasioneura
Blue Ridge Carrionflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Smilax laurifolia
Laurel Greenbriar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Smilax pumila
Sarsaparilla Vine, Wild Sarsaparilla, Dwarf Smilax, Dwarf Greenbriar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Smilax rotundifolia
Roundleaf Greenbriar, Common Greenbriar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Smilax smallii
Lance-leaf Greenbriar, Southern Smilax, Jacksonvine, Jacksonbriar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Smilax tamnoides
Bristly Greenbriar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Smilax walteri
Coral Greenbriar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Solanum americanum
American Black Nightshade

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Solanum campechiense
Redberry Nightshade

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Solanum carolinense
Carolina Horsenettle, Carolina Horse-nettle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solanum dimidiatum
Western Horsenettle, Western Horse-nettle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solanum douglasii
Greenspot Nightshade

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Solanum elaeagnifolium
Silverleaf Nightshade, Silver-leaf Nightshade, White Horse Nettle, Trompillo, Tomato Weed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Solanum erianthum
Potato Tree, Potatotree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Solanum rostratum
Buffalo Bur, Buffalo Bur Nightshade

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Solanum triquetrum
Texas Nightshade, Hierba Mora

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago altissima
Tall Goldenrod, Late Goldenrod, Canadian Goldenrod, Canada Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Solidago arguta
Atlantic Goldenrod, Cutleaf Goldenrod, Sharpleaf Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago caesia
Wreath Goldenrod, Blue-stemmed Goldenrod, Bluestem Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Solidago canadensis
Canada Goldenrod, Canadian Goldenrod, Tall Goldenrod, Giant Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Solidago canadensis var. gilvocanescens
Shorthair Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Solidago gigantea
Giant Goldenrod, Smooth Goldenrod, Tall Goldenrod, Late Goldenrod, Early Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Solidago juliae
Julia's Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago missouriensis
Missouri Goldenrod, Prairie Goldenrod, Missouri Basin Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Solidago mollis
Velvety Goldenrod, Velvet Goldenrod, Soft Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Solidago nemoralis
Gray Goldenrod, Prairie Goldenrod, Oldfield Goldenrod, Grayleaf Goldenrod, Gray-leaved Goldenrod, Dyersweed Goldenrod, Dwarf Goldenrod, Field Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Solidago odora
Anisescented Goldenrod, Anise-scented Goldenrod, Sweet Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Solidago odora var. odora
Anisescented Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago patula
Roundleaf Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Solidago petiolaris
Downy Ragged Goldenrod, Downy Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago radula
Western Rough Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago rugosa
Wrinkleleaf Goldenrod, Wrinkle-leaf Goldenrod, Rough-leaved Goldenrod, Roughleaf Goldenrod, Rough-stemmed Goldenrod, Roughstem Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Solidago rugosa ssp. rugosa
Wrinkleleaf Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago sempervirens
Seaside Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Solidago sempervirens var. mexicana
Seaside Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago speciosa
Showy Goldenrod, Noble Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Solidago stricta
Wand Goldenrod, Wand-like Goldenrod, Willowleaf Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago tortifolia
Twistleaf Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago ulmifolia
Elmleaf Goldenrod, Elm-leaved Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Sophora nuttalliana
Silky Sophora

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sophora secundiflora
Texas Mountain Laurel, Mountain Laurel, Mescal Bean, Mescal Bean Sophora, Frijolillo, Frijolito

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sorghastrum elliottii
Slender Indiangrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Sorghastrum nutans
Indiangrass, Yellow Indiangrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sparganium americanum
American Bur-reed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Spartina alterniflora
Saltmarsh Cordgrass, Saltwater Cordgrass, Salt Cordgrass, Smooth Cordgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Spartina bakeri
Sand Cordgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Spartina cynosuroides
Big Cordgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Spartina patens
Saltmeadow Cordgrass, Salt-meadow Cordgrass, Marsh-hay Cordgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Spartina pectinata
Prairie Cordgrass, Freshwater Cordgrass, Sloughgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Spartina spartinae
Gulf Cordgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Spergularia salina
Salt Sandspurry

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Spermolepis divaricata
Roughfruit Scaleseed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Spermolepis echinata
Bristly Scaleseed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Spermolepis inermis
Red River Scaleseed, Spreading Scaleseed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sphaeralcea angustifolia
Narrowleaf Globemallow, Copper Globemallow, Copper Mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Sphaeralcea coccinea
Scarlet Globemallow, Caliche Globemallow

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Sphaeralcea fendleri
Fendler's Globemallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Sphaeralcea hastulata
Spear Globemallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Sphaeralcea lindheimeri
Woolly Globemallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sphenopholis intermedia
Slender Wedgescale

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Sphenopholis obtusata
Prairie Wedgescale

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Spigelia hedyotidea
Prairie Pinkroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Spigelia marilandica
Woodland Pinkroot, Pinkroot, Indian Pink

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Spigelia texana
Texas Pinkroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Spiranthes cernua
Nodding Ladies' Tresses Orchid, Nodding Ladies'-tresses, Ladies'-tresses

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Spiranthes lacera
Northern Slender Ladies'-tresses, Slender Ladies'-tresses

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Spiranthes lacera var. gracilis
Southern Slender Ladies'-tresses, Slender Ladies'-tresses

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Spiranthes laciniata
Lace-lip Ladies'-tresses

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Spiranthes longilabris
Giant-spiral Ladies'-tresses

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Spiranthes magnicamporum
Great Plains Ladies'-tresses

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Spiranthes odorata
Marsh Ladies'-tresses, Fragrant Ladies'-tresses

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Spiranthes ovalis
October Ladies'-tresses

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Spiranthes parksii
Navasota Lady's Tresses , Navasota Ladies'-tresses

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Spiranthes praecox
Greenvein Ladies'-tresses

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Spiranthes tuberosa
Little Ladies'-tresses

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Spiranthes vernalis
Spring Ladies'-tresses

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Spirodela polyrrhiza
Common Duckmeat, Giant Duckweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sporobolus airoides
Alkali Sacaton, Zacate Alcalino

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Sporobolus clandestinus
Rough Dropseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Sporobolus compositus
Composite Dropseed, Tall Dropseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Sporobolus compositus var. compositus
Composite Dropseed, Tall Dropseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Sporobolus cryptandrus
Sand Dropseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Sporobolus giganteus
Giant Dropseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Sporobolus junceus
Pineywoods Dropseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Sporobolus pyramidatus
Whorled Dropseed, Target Dropseed, Madagascar Dropseed

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Sporobolus silveanus
Silveus' Dropseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Sporobolus vaginiflorus
Poverty Dropseed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Sporobolus virginicus
Seashore Dropseed, Beach Dropseed, Seashore Rushgrass, Coastal Dropseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Sporobolus wrightii
Big Sacaton, Sacaton, Alkali Sacaton

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Stachys crenata
Mousesear, Shade Betony

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Stachys drummondii
Drummond's Hedgenettle, Pink Mint

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Stachys floridana
Florida Hedgenettle, Florida Betony

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Stachys tenuifolia
Smooth Hedgenettle, Slender Betony

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Steinchisma hians
Gaping Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Stellaria prostrata
Prostrate Starwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Stemodia lanata
Woolly Stemodia, Gray-woolly Twintip

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Stenandrium dulce
Sweet Shaggytuft, Pineland Pinklet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Stenanthium gramineum
Eastern Featherbells, Featherbells

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Stenaria nigricans
Bluets, Diamond-flowers

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Stenaria nigricans var. nigricans
Diamondflowers, Narrowleaf Bluets, Baby's Breath, Bluets, Fine-leaf Bluets

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Stenosiphon linifolius
False Gaura

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Stephanomeria pauciflora
Brownplume Wirelettuce

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Stewartia malacodendron
Silky Camellia, Virginia Stewartia, Round-fruited Stewartia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade
Water:

Stillingia sylvatica
Queen's-delight

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Stillingia texana
Texas Queen's Delight, Queen's Delight, Texas Toothleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Stillingia treculiana
Trecul's Toothleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Streptanthus bracteatus
Bracted Twistflower, Bracted Jewelflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Streptanthus hyacinthoides
Smooth Jewelflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Streptanthus platycarpus
Broadpod Jewelflower, Broadpod Twistflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Strophostyles helvola
Trailing Fuzzybean, Amberique-bean, Trailing Wild Bean

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun
Water:

Strophostyles leiosperma
Slickseed Fuzzybean

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Strophostyles umbellata
Pink Fuzzybean

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Stuckenia pectinata
Sago Pondweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Stylisma humistrata
Southern Dawnflower, White Stylisma

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Stylisma pickeringii
Pickering's Dawnflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Stylisma pickeringii var. pattersonii
Patterson's Dawnflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light:
Water:

Stylisma villosa
Hairy Dawnflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Stylodon carneus
Carolina False Vervain, Carolina Vervain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Stylosanthes biflora
Sidebeak Pencilflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Styphnolobium affine
Eve's Necklace, Eve's Necklacepod, Texas Sophora, Pink Sophora, Necklace Tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Styrax americanus
American Snowbell, American Snowbells, American Silverbells, Big-leaf Snowbell, Storax

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Styrax grandifolius
Bigleaf Snowbell, Bigleaf Storax, Coast Snowbell

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Styrax platanifolius
Sycamore-leaf Snowbell

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Styrax platanifolius ssp. stellatus
Hairy Sycamore-leaf Snow-bell, Sycamoreleaf Snowbell

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Styrax platanifolius ssp. texanus
Texas Snow-bell, Texas Snowbell

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Suaeda calceoliformis
Pursh Seepweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Suaeda linearis
Annual Seepweed

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Symphoricarpos occidentalis
Western Snowberry, Wolfberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Symphoricarpos orbiculatus
Coralberry, Indian Currant, Buckbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Symphyotrichum divaricatum
Southern Annual Saltmarsh Aster, Lawn American-aster, White Wood Aster, Saltmarsh Aster

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Symphyotrichum drummondii
Drummond's Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Symphyotrichum drummondii var. texanum
Drummond's Aster, Texas Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Symphyotrichum dumosum
Rice Button Aster, White Bushy Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Symphyotrichum dumosum var. dumosum
Bushy Aster, Rice Button Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Symphyotrichum ericoides
White Heath Aster, Heath Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Symphyotrichum ericoides var. ericoides
White Heath Aster, Heath Aster, White Aster, White Prairie Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Symphyotrichum falcatum
White Prairie Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Symphyotrichum laeve
Smooth Blue Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Symphyotrichum lanceolatum
Whitepanicle Aster, Panicled Aster, Lanceleaf Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Symphyotrichum lanceolatum ssp. hesperium
White Panicle Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Symphyotrichum lanceolatum ssp. lanceolatum
Panicled Aster, White Panicle Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Symphyotrichum lanceolatum ssp. lanceolatum var. lanceolatum
White Panicle Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Symphyotrichum lateriflorum
Calico Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Symphyotrichum lateriflorum var. lateriflorum
Calico Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Symphyotrichum oblongifolium
Aromatic Aster, Aromatic American Aster, Fall Aster, Wild Blue Aster, Shale Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Symphyotrichum oolentangiense
Skyblue Aster, Sky Blue American-aster, Azure Aster, Blue Devils

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Symphyotrichum patens
Late Purple Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Symphyotrichum patens var. patens
Spreading Aster, Late Purple Aster, Spread-leaf Aster, Sky-drop Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water:

Symphyotrichum praealtum
Willowleaf Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Symphyotrichum praealtum var. praealtum
Tall Aster, Willowleaf Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Symphyotrichum pratense
Barrens Silky Aster, Meadow Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Symphyotrichum puniceum
Purplestem Aster, Purple-stemmed Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Symphyotrichum sericeum
Western Silver Aster, Western Silver American-aster, Silky Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Symphyotrichum subulatum
Eastern Annual Saltmarsh Aster, Baby's Breath Aster, Annual Aster, Blackland Aster, Hierba Del Marrano

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Symplocos tinctoria
Horse Sugar, Common Sweetleaf, Sweetleaf, Yellowwood, Wild Laurel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Synthlipsis greggii
Gregg's Keelpod

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Taenidia integerrima
Yellow Pimpernel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tamaulipa azurea
Blue Boneset

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Vine
Light:
Water:

Tauschia texana
Texas Umbrellawort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Taxodium distichum
Bald Cypress, Baldcypress, Common Bald Cypress, Southern Bald Cypress, Deciduous Cypress, Southern Cypress, Swamp Cypress, Red Cypress, White Cypress, Yellow Cypress, Gulf Cypress, Tidewater Red Cypress

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Taxodium mucronatum
Montezuma Bald Cypress, Montezuma Cypress, Mexican Cypress, Ahuehuete, Sabino

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Tecoma stans
Yellow Bells, Yellowbells, Esperanza, Yellow Trumpetbush, Yellow Trumpetflower, Trumpetbush, Trumpetflower, Yellow Elder

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Tephrosia lindheimeri
Lindheimer's Hoarypea, Hoary Pea, Lindheimer Tephrosia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Tephrosia onobrychoides
Multibloom Hoarypea, Multibloom Tephrosia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tephrosia potosina
Edwards Plateau Hoarypea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Tephrosia virginiana
Goat's Rue, Virginia Tephrosia, Devil's Shoestring

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Tetraclea coulteri
Coulter's Wrinklefruit

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Tetragonotheca ludoviciana
Louisiana Nerveray

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tetragonotheca repanda
Showy Nerveray

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tetragonotheca texana
Squarebud Daisy, Nerve-ray, Square-bud Daisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Tetraneuris acaulis
Stemless Four-nerve Daisy, Stemless Hymenoxys, Bitterweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tetraneuris acaulis var. acaulis
Stemless Four-nerve Daisy, Stemless Goldflower, Stemless Rubber Weed, Butte Marigold, Bitterweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Tetraneuris linearifolia
Fineleaf Fournerved Daisy, Slender-leaf Hymenoxys, Bitterweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tetraneuris scaposa
Four-nerve Daisy, Hymenoxys, Stemmy Four-nerve Daisy, Yellow Daisy, Bitterweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Tetraneuris scaposa var. scaposa
Four-nerve Daisy, Hymenoxys, Stemmy Four-nerve Daisy, Bitterweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Tetraneuris turneri
Turner's Four-nerve Daisy, Bitterweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Teucrium canadense
Canada Germander, American Germander, Canadian Germander, Germander, Hairy Germander, Wood Sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Teucrium canadense var. canadense
Canada Germander

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Teucrium cubense
Coast Germander, Small Coastal Germander

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Teucrium laciniatum
Lacy Germander, Cut-leaf Germander, Dwarf Germander

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Thalia dealbata
Powdery Alligator-flag, Powdery Thalia, Water Canna

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Thalictrum dasycarpum
Purple Meadow-rue, Tall Meadow-rue, Meadow Rue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Thalictrum revolutum
Waxyleaf Meadow-rue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Thalictrum texanum
Houston Meadow-rue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Thamnosma texana
Texas Desert-rue, Dutchman's Breeches, Rue Of The Mountains, Ruda Del Monte

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Thaspium barbinode
Hairy-jointed Meadowparsnip

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Thaspium trifoliatum var. aureum
Yellow Meadow Parsnip, Golden Alexanders

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Thelesperma ambiguum
Colorado Greenthread

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Thelesperma burridgeanum
Burridge Green-thread, Burridge's Greenthread

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Thelesperma filifolium
Stiff Greenthread, Greenthread

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Thelesperma filifolium var. filifolium
Stiff Greenthread, Showy Navajo Tea, Greenthread

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Thelesperma filifolium var. intermedium
Stiff Greenthread

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Thelesperma flavodiscum
East Texas Greenthread, Greenthread

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Thelesperma megapotamicum
Hopi Tea Greenthread, Green Threads, Navajo Tea, Cota

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Thelesperma nuecense
Rio Grande Greenthread

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Thelesperma simplicifolium
Slender Greenthread, Navajo Tea, Cota

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Thelocactus bicolor
Glory Of Texas

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light:
Water:

Thelocactus bicolor var. bicolor
Glory Of Texas

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light:
Water:

Thelocactus setispinus
Miniature Barrel Cactus, Hedgehog Cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Thelypteris kunthii
Wood Fern, River Fern, Southern Shield Fern, Kunth's Maiden Fern, Normal Shield Fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Thelypteris ovata var. lindheimeri
Lindheimer's Marsh Fern, Lindheimer's Maiden Fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light:
Water:

Thelypteris palustris
Eastern Marsh Fern, Marsh Fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Thelypteris palustris var. pubescens
Eastern Marsh Fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Thurovia triflora
Threeflower Snakeweed

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Thymophylla acerosa
Prickly-leaf Dogweed, Texas Dogweed, Shrubby Dogweed, Prickleleaf Dogweed, Prickleaf Dogweed, Fetid Marigold, Scrubby Dogweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Thymophylla micropoides
Woolly Pricklyleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Thymophylla pentachaeta
Parralena, Fiveneedle Pricklyleaf, Five-needle Fetid Marigold

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Thymophylla pentachaeta var. pentachaeta
Parralena, Fiveneedle Pricklyleaf, Dogweed, Dyssodia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Thymophylla tenuiloba
Bristleleaf Pricklyleaf

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Thymophylla tenuiloba var. tenuiloba
Bristleleaf Pricklyleaf

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Thymophylla tenuiloba var. wrightii
Wright's Pricklyleaf

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Thymophylla tephroleuca
Ashy Pricklyleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tidestromia lanuginosa
Woolly Tidestromia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tilia americana
American Basswood, American Linden, Lime Tree, Bee Tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Tilia americana var. caroliniana
Carolina Basswood, Florida Basswood, Small-leaved Basswood, Downy Basswood, Carolina Linden, Florida Linden, Small-leaved Linden, Downy Linden

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Tillandsia baileyi
Giant Ball Moss, Reflexed Airplant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tillandsia recurvata
Small Ball Moss, Ball Moss

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tillandsia usneoides
Spanish Moss

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water:

Tinantia anomala
False Dayflower, Widows Tears

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Tipularia discolor
Crippled Cranefly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tiquilia canescens
Woody Crinklemat, Shrubby Coldenia, Shrubby Tiquilia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Tiquilia canescens var. canescens
Dog's Ear, Oreja De Perro, Woody Crinklemat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tiquilia mexicana
Mexican Crinklemat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Townsendia exscapa
Stemless Townsend Daisy, Stemless Townsend-daisy, Easter Daisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Toxicodendron pubescens
Atlantic Poison Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Toxicodendron radicans
Eastern Poison Ivy, Poison Ivy, Poison Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Vine
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Toxicodendron radicans ssp. radicans
Eastern Poison Ivy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Toxicodendron rydbergii
Western Poison Ivy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Toxicodendron vernix
Poison Sumac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Trachelospermum difforme
Climbing Dogbane

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Tradescantia brevifolia
Trans-pecos Spiderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Tradescantia edwardsiana
Plateau Spiderwort, Edwards' Spiderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Tradescantia gigantea
Giant Spiderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Tradescantia hirsutiflora
Hairyflower Spiderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Tradescantia humilis
Texas Spiderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tradescantia occidentalis
Prairie Spiderwort, Western Spiderwort, Spiderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Tradescantia ohiensis
Ohio Spiderwort, Bluejacket

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Tradescantia reverchonii
Reverchon's Spiderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tradescantia subacaulis
Stemless Spiderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Tragia betonicifolia
Betonyleaf Noseburn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tragia brevispica
Shortspike Noseburn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Tragia cordata
Heartleaf Noseburn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light:
Water:

Tragia nigricans
Dark Noseburn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tragia ramosa
Branched Noseburn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tragia urticifolia
Nettleleaf Noseburn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light:
Water:

Trepocarpus aethusae
Whitenymph

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Triadenum tubulosum
Lesser Marsh St. Johnswort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Triadenum virginicum
Virginia Marsh St. Johnswort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Triadenum walteri
Greater Marsh St. Johnswort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Triantha racemosa
Coastal False Asphodel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Trianthema portulacastrum
Desert Horse-purslane, Horse-purslane, Black-pigweed, Giant-pigweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Trichloris crinita
Two-flowered Trichloris, False Rhodes Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Trichloris pluriflora
Multi-flowered False-rhodesgrass, Multiflower False Rhodes Grass, Showy Chloris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Trichocoronis rivularis
Rio Grande Bugheal

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Trichoneura elegans
Silveus Grass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Trichostema brachiatum
Fluxweed, False Pennyroyal

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Trichostema dichotomum
Forked Bluecurls, Blue Curls

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Tridens albescens
White Tridens, White Top

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Tridens buckleyanus
Buckley's Fluffgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Tridens congestus
Pink Fluffgrass, Pink Tridens

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Tridens eragrostoides
Lovegrass Tridens

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Tridens flavus
Purpletop Tridens, Redtop Tridens, Tall Redtop Tridens, Purpletop, Redtop, Tall Redtop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Tridens flavus var. flavus
Purpletop Tridens

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Tridens muticus
Slim Tridens

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Tridens muticus var. muticus
Slim Tridens, Awnless Fluffgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Tridens strictus
Longspike Tridens

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Tridens texanus
Texas Fluffgrass, Texas Tridens

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Trifolium bejariense
Bejar Clover

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Trifolium carolinianum
Carolina Clover

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Trifolium reflexum
Buffalo Clover

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Trillium gracile
Slender Trillium, Slender Wake-robin, Graceful Trillium, Graceful Wake-robin, Sabine River Trillium, Sabine River Wake-robin

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Trillium recurvatum
Prairie Trillium, Prairie Wake-robin, Bloody Butcher

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Trillium texanum
Texas Trillium, Texas Wakerobin

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Trillium viridescens
Tapertip Wakerobin, Tapertip Trillium

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Triodanis biflora
Small Venus' Looking-glass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Triodanis coloradoensis
Colorado Venus' Looking-glass, Western Venus' Looking Glass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Triodanis holzingeri
Holzinger's Venus' Looking-glass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Triodanis leptocarpa
Slimpod Venus' Looking-glass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Triodanis perfoliata
Clasping Venus's Looking-glass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Dry

Triodanis texana
Texas Venus' Looking-glass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Triosteum angustifolium
Yellow-fruit Horse-gentian, Narrow-leaved Horse-gentian, Narrowleaf Horse-gentian

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Triosteum perfoliatum
Feverwort, Wild Coffee

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Triphora trianthophora
Threebirds, Three-birds Orchid

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Triplasis purpurea
Purple Sandgrass, Purple Triplasis

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Tripsacum dactyloides
Eastern Gamagrass, Fakahatchee Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Trisetum interruptum
Prairie False Oat

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Trixis inula
Tropical Threefold

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Turnera diffusa
Damiana

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub, Shrub
Light:
Water:

Typha domingensis
Southern Cattail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Typha latifolia
Broadleaf Cattail, Common Cattail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Ulmus alata
Winged Elm, Wahoo Elm, Cork Elm, Witch Elm

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ulmus americana
American Elm, White Elm, Soft Elm, Water Elm, Common Elm

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ulmus crassifolia
Cedar Elm, Fall Elm, Basket Elm, Scrub Elm, Lime Elm, Texas Elm, Southern Rock Elm, Olmo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ulmus rubra
Slippery Elm, Red Elm, Gray Elm, Soft Elm

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ungnadia speciosa
Mexican Buckeye, Monilla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Uniola paniculata
Sea Oats, Seaoats

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Urochloa ciliatissima
Fringed Signalgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Urochloa fusca
Browntop Signalgrass

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Urochloa texana
Texas Signalgrass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Urtica chamaedryoides
Heart-leaf Stinging Nettle, Heart-leaf Nettle, Stinging Nettle

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Utricularia cornuta
Horned Bladderwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Wet

Utricularia foliosa
Leafy Bladderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Utricularia gibba
Humped Bladderwort, Bladderwort, Conespur Bladderpod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Utricularia inflata
Swollen Bladderwort, Floating Bladderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Utricularia juncea
Southern Bladderwort

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Utricularia macrorhiza
Common Bladderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Utricularia purpurea
Eastern Purple Bladderwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Utricularia radiata
Little Floating Bladderwort, Floating Bladderwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Wet

Utricularia subulata
Zigzag Bladderwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Uvularia perfoliata
Perfoliate Bellwort, Mealy Bellwort, Merrybells

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Uvularia sessilifolia
Spreading Bellwort, Straw Lily, Wild Oats, Merrybells, Sessile-leaf Bellwort, Sessile Bellwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Vaccinium arboreum
Farkleberry, Tree Sparkleberry, Sparkleberry, Winter Huckleberry, Huckleberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Vaccinium corymbosum
Highbush Blueberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Vaccinium elliottii
Elliott's Blueberry, Mayberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Vaccinium fuscatum
Black Highbush Blueberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Vaccinium stamineum
Deerberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Vachellia†bravoensis
Huisachillo, Dwarf Huisache, Bravo Acacia, Schaffner's Acacia, Schaffner's Wattle, Twisted Acacia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Vachellia†constricta
Whitethorn Acacia, White-thorn Acacia, Mescat Acacia, Mescat Wattle, Whitethorn, Vara Prieta, Chaparro Prieto

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Vachellia farnesiana
Huisache, Texas Huisache, Sweet Acacia, Perfume Acacia, Mealy Acacia, Mealy Wattle, Cassie

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Vachellia†rigidula
Blackbrush Acacia, Blackbrush, Chaparro Prieto, Gavia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Vachellia†vernicosa
Viscid Acacia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Valerianella amarella
Hairy Cornsalad

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Valerianella radiata
Beaked Cornsalad, Woods Corn-salad

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Varilla texana
Texas Varilla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Vaseyochloa multinervosa
Texasgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Veratrum virginicum
Virginia Bunchflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Verbena bracteata
Bigbract Verbena, Carpet Vervain, Prostrate Vervain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Verbena canescens
Gray Vervain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Verbena cloverae
Clover's Vervain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Verbena halei
Texas Vervain, Slender Verbena, Texas Verbena, Slender Vervain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Verbena hastata
Swamp Verbena, Blue Verbena, Blue Vervain, Simpler's Joy

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Verbena plicata
Fanleaf Vervain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Verbena runyonii
Rio Grande Vervain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Verbena scabra
Sandpaper Vervain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Verbena simplex
Narrowleaf Vervain, Narrow-leaved Vervain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Verbena stricta
Hoary Verbena, Hoary Vervain, Tall Vervain, Woolly Verbena

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Verbena urticifolia
White Vervain, White Verbena

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Verbena xutha
Gulf Vervain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Verbesina alternifolia
Wingstem, Yellow Ironweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Verbesina encelioides
Cowpen Daisy, Golden Crownbeard, Butter Daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Verbesina helianthoides
Gravelweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Verbesina lindheimeri
Lindheimer's Crownbeard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Verbesina microptera
Texas Crownbeard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Verbesina virginica
Frostweed, White Crownbeard, Iceplant, Iceweed, Virginia Crownbeard, Indian Tobacco, Richweed, Squawweed

Duration: Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Verbesina virginica var. virginica
Frostweed, White Crownbeard

Duration: Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Vernonia baldwinii
Western Ironweed, Baldwin's Ironweed, Ironweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Vernonia fasciculata
Prairie Ironweed, Common Ironweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Vernonia gigantea
Giant Ironweed, Tall Ironweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Vernonia gigantea ssp. gigantea
Giant Ironweed, Tall Ironweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Vernonia lindheimeri
Woolly Ironweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Vernonia marginata
Plains Ironweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Vernonia missurica
Missouri Ironweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Vernonia texana
Texas Ironweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Veronica anagallis-aquatica
Water Speedwell

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Veronica peregrina
American Speedwell, Purslane Speedwell, Neckweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Veronica peregrina ssp. xalapensis
Hairy Purslane Speedwell

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Veronicastrum virginicum
Culver's Root

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Viburnum acerifolium
Mapleleaf Viburnum, Maple-leaf Viburnum, Maple-leaf Arrowwood, Arrowwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Viburnum dentatum
Southern Arrowwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Viburnum nudum
Possumhaw Viburnum, Possumhaw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Viburnum nudum var. nudum
Possumhaw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light:
Water:

Viburnum prunifolium
Blackhaw, Smooth Blackhaw, Blackhaw Viburnum, Smooth Blackhaw Viburnum, Stagbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Viburnum recognitum
Southern Arrowwood, Northern Arrowwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade
Water: Wet

Viburnum rufidulum
Rusty Blackhaw Viburnum, Rusty Blackhaw, Southern Blackhaw, Blackhaw, Bluehaw, Downy Viburnum, Southern Nannyberry, Rusty Nannyberry, Nannyberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Vicia americana
American Vetch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun
Water:

Vicia americana ssp. americana
American Vetch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Vicia americana ssp. minor
Mat Vetch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light:
Water:

Vicia caroliniana
Carolina Vetch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Vicia ludoviciana
Deer Pea Vetch, Louisiana Vetch

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Vicia ludoviciana ssp. leavenworthii
Leavenworth's Vetch

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Vicia ludoviciana ssp. ludoviciana
Deer Pea Vetch, Louisiana Vetch

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Vicia minutiflora
Pygmyflower Vetch

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light:
Water:

Vigna luteola
Hairypod Cowpea, Yellow Vigna

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Viguiera dentata
Plateau Goldeneye, Sunflower Goldeneye, Toothleaf Goldeneye, Chimalacate

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Viguiera stenoloba
Skeleton-leaf Goldeneye, Resinbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Viola bicolor
Field Pansy, Wild Pansy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Viola lanceolata
Lance-leaf Violet, Bog White Violet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Viola lanceolata ssp. lanceolata
Bog White Violet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Viola missouriensis
Missouri Violet

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Viola nephrophylla
Northern Bog Violet, Wanderer Violet

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Viola pedata
Birdfoot Violet, Bird's-foot Violet, Bird-foot Violet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Viola pubescens
Downy Yellow Violet, Downy Violet, Hairy Yellow Violet, Yellow Violet, Common Yellow Violet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Viola pubescens var. pubescens
Downy Yellow Violet, Downy Violet, Hairy Violet, Yellow Violet, Common Yellow Violet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Viola sagittata
Arrowleaf Violet, Arrow-leaved Violet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Viola sagittata var. sagittata
Arrowleaf Violet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Viola sororia
Missouri Violet, Common Blue Violet, Hooded Blue Violet, Florida Violet, Meadow Violet

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Viola triloba
Three-lobe Violet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Viola walteri
Walter's Violet, Prostrate Blue Violet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Vitis acerifolia
Mapleleaf Grape, Panhandle Grape, Bush Grape

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Vitis aestivalis
Summer Grape , Pigeon Grape

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Vitis aestivalis var. lincecumii
Long Grape

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Vitis cinerea var. helleri
Winter Grape, Heller's Grape, Gray-leaf Grape, Smooth-leaf Grape, Sweet Grape, Spanish Grape

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Vitis monticola
Sweet Mountain Grape, Champin Grape

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun
Water:

Vitis mustangensis
Mustang Grape

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Vitis rotundifolia
Muscadine, Scuppernong Grape

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Vitis rupestris
Sand Grape

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Vitis vulpina
Frost Grape, Fox Grape

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Vulpia elliotea
Squirreltail Fescue

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Vulpia octoflora
Common Sixweeks Grass, Sixweeks Fescue

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Waltheria indica
Sleepy Morning, Velvet Leaf, Boaterbush, Buff-coat, Leather-coat, Monkeybush, Uhaloa

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub, Shrub
Light:
Water:

Warnockia scutellarioides
Prairie Brazosmint, Prairie Brazoria

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Wedelia acapulcensis var. hispida
Zexmenia, Orange Zexmenia, Hairy Wedelia, Wedelia, Texas Creeping-oxeye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Willkommia texana
Texas Willkommia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water: Moist

Wisteria frutescens
American Wisteria, Texas Wisteria, Kentucky Wisteria

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Wolffia columbiana
Columbian Watermeal

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Woodsia obtusa
Bluntlobe Cliff Fern, Blunt Cliff Fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Woodwardia areolata
Netted Chainfern, Chain Fern, Netted Chain Fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Woodwardia virginica
Virginia Chainfern, Virginia Chain Fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Xanthisma texanum
Texas Sleepy Daisy, Yellow Sleepy Daisy, Star Of Texas

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Xanthisma texanum var. drummondii
Drummond's Sleepy Daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Xanthium strumarium
Rough Cockleburr

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Xanthorhiza simplicissima
Yellowroot, Shrub Yellowroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade
Water:

Xyris ambigua
Coastal Plain Yelloweyed Grass, Coastalplain Yelloweyed Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Xyris baldwiniana
Baldwin's Yelloweyed Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Xyris caroliniana
Carolina Yelloweyed Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Xyris difformis
Bog Yelloweyed Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Xyris fimbriata
Fringed Yelloweyed Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Xyris jupicai
Richard's Yelloweyed Grass

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Xyris laxifolia var. iridifolia
Irisleaf Yelloweyed Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Xyris louisianica
Louisiana Yelloweyed Grass

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Xyris platylepis
Broad-scale Yellow-eyed Grass, Tall Yelloweyed Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Xyris torta
Twisted Yellow-eyed Grass, Slender Yellow-eyed Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Yeatesia platystegia
Montell Bractspike, Wild Shrimp Plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Yeatesia viridiflora
Yellow Bractspike

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Yucca arkansana
Arkansas Yucca, Softleaf Yucca

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Yucca constricta
Buckley Yucca, Buckley's Yucca

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Yucca filamentosa
Adam's Needle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Yucca glauca
Soapweed Yucca, Narrowleaf Yucca, Plains Yucca, Beargrass, Great Plains Yucca

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub, Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Yucca glauca var. glauca
Soapweed Yucca, Narrow-leaf Yucca

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub, Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Yucca louisianensis
Gulf Coast Yucca

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Yucca reverchonii
San Angelo Yucca

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Yucca rupicola
Twistleaf Yucca, Twisted-leaf Yucca, Texas Yucca

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Yucca thompsoniana
Thompson's Yucca, Thompson Yucca, Beaked Yucca, Big Bend Yucca, Soyate, Palmita, Trans-Pecos Yucca

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Yucca torreyi
Torrey Yucca, Torrey's Yucca, Spanish Bayonet, Spanish Dagger, Old Shag, Palma

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Yucca treculeana
Spanish Dagger, Spanish Bayonet, Don Quixote's Lance, Palma Pita, Palma De Datil, Palmito

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Zannichellia palustris
Horned Pondweed, Horned Poolmat, Horned-pondweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Zanthoxylum clava-herculis
Hercules Club, Pepperbark, Toothache Tree, Tickle Tongue, Prickly Ash

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Zanthoxylum fagara
Lime Prickly Ash, Colima

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Zanthoxylum hirsutum
Texas Hercules' Club, Texas Prickly Ash, Limetone Prickly Ash, Toothache Tree, Tickle-tongue, Tingle-tongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Zephyranthes longifolia
Copper Zephyrlily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Zephyranthes pulchella
Showy Zephyrlily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Zigadenus nuttallii
Nuttall's Death Camas, Death Camas, Poison-onion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Zinnia acerosa
Desert Zinnia, Dwarf Zinnia, Dwarf White Zinnia, Shrubby Zinnia, Southern Zinnia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Zinnia anomala
Shortray Zinnia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Zinnia grandiflora
Plains Zinnia, Rocky Mountain Zinnia, Prairie Zinnia, Little Golden Zinnia, Yellow Zinnia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Zizaniopsis miliacea
Giant Cutgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Zizia aurea
Golden Zizia, Golden Alexanders

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ziziphus obtusifolia
Lotebush, Lote-bush Condalia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ziziphus obtusifolia var. obtusifolia
Lotebush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Zornia bracteata
Viperina

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: