High Plains

This EPA Level III ecoregion encompasses all or part of 51 counties in western and northwestern Texas. It extends west into New Mexico and north across western Oklahoma, Kansas, Nebraska, eastern Colorado, into southwestern South Dakota and southeastern Wyoming. In Texas, this ecoregion is commonly referred to as the Llano Estacado, a mostly flat plateau of short grass prairie. It covers approximately the same area as the Texas Parks & Wildlife Department’s High Plains vegetative region. This collection lists only those taxa found in the Texas portion of the High Plains ecoregion.


Thumb Species Characteristics

Abronia fragrans
Fragrant Sand-verbena, Snowball Sand Verbena, Sweet Sand-verbena, Prairie Snowball, Sand Verbena, Heart's Delight

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Abutilon fruticosum
Indian Mallow, Texas Indian Mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Abutilon parvulum
Dwarf Indian Mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Abutilon wrightii
Wright's Indian Mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Acaciella angustissima
Prairie Acacia, Fern Acacia, Whiteball Acacia, Prairie Wattle, White-ball Acacia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Acaciella angustissima var. hirta
Prairie Acacia, Texas Prairie Acacia, Texas Fern Acacia, Prairie Wattle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Acalypha ostryifolia
Pineland Threeseed Mercury, Hop-hornbeam Copperleaf

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Achillea millefolium
Common Yarrow, Western Yarrow, Yarrow, Milfoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Achnatherum hymenoides
Indian Ricegrass, Indian Millet, Sandgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Acleisanthes longiflora
Angel Trumpets, Angel's Trumpets

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Acleisanthes obtusa
Berlandier's Trumpets, Vine Four O'Clock

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Acourtia nana
Dwarf Desertpeony

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Acourtia wrightii
Brownfoot, Pink Perezia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Adiantum capillus-veneris
Southern Maidenhair Fern, Common Maidenhair Fern, Maidenhair Fern, Venus Hair Fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Agalinis tenuifolia
Slenderleaf False Foxglove

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Agave lechuguilla
Lechuguilla, Tula Ixtle, Maguey Lechuguilla, Shindagger

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Agrimonia parviflora
Harvest Lice, Small-flowered Agrimony, Southern Agrimony, Swamp Agrimony

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Agrostis hyemalis
Winter Bentgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Alisma subcordatum
American Water Plantain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Allenrolfea occidentalis
Iodinebush, Pickleweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Allionia incarnata
Trailing Windmills, Trailing Four O'Clock, Pink Windmills, Trailing Allionia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Allium canadense
Meadow Garlic, Wild Garlic, Wild Onion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Allium canadense var. fraseri
Fraser Meadow Garlic, Fraser Meadow Garlic

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Allium canadense var. hyacinthoides
Hyacinth Meadow Garlic

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Allium drummondii
Drummond's Onion, Wild Garlic, Drummond Wild Onion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Aloysia gratissima
Whitebrush, Bee-brush, White-brush, Common Bee-brush, Beebrush, Privet Lippia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Amaranthus hybridus
Slim Amaranth

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Amaranthus palmeri
Carelessweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Amaranthus retroflexus
Redroot Amaranth

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Amaranthus scleropoides
Bonebract Amaranth

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Amaranthus spinosus
Spiny Amaranth, Thorny Pigweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Amaranthus tuberculatus
Roughfruit Amaranth, Water Hemp

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Moist

Amblyolepis setigera
Huisache Daisy, Butterfly Daisy, Honey Daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ambrosia confertiflora
Weakleaf Bur Ragweed, Weak Leaved Burweed, Slimleaf Bursage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ambrosia psilostachya
Cuman Ragweed, Western Ragweed, Perennial Ragweed, Common Ragweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ambrosia trifida
Great Ragweed, Giant Ragweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ammannia auriculata
Eared Redstem

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ammannia coccinea
Valley Redstem, Scarlet Tooth-cup

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Ammannia robusta
Grand Redstem

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Wet

Ammoselinum popei
Plains Sandparsley

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Amorpha canescens
Leadplant, Leadplant Amorpha, Prairie Shoestring

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Amorpha fruticosa
Indigo Bush, False Indigo Bush, False Indigo, Desert False Indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ampelopsis cordata
Heartleaf Peppervine, Heart-leaf Ampelopsis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Amphiachyris dracunculoides
Prairie Broomweed, Broomweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Amsonia ciliata
Fringed Bluestar, Bluestar, Texas Bluestar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Anaphalis margaritacea
Western Pearly Everlasting, Pearly-everlasting

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Andropogon gerardii
Big Bluestem, Tall Bluestem, Turkeyfoot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Andropogon glomeratus
Bushy Bluestem, Brushy Bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Andropogon hallii
Sand Bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Androstephium coeruleum
Blue Funnel-lily, Prairie Lily, Funnel-flower, Fragrant Lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Anemone berlandieri
Tenpetal Anemone, Tenpetal Thimbleweed, Windflower, Southern Anemone, Granny's Nightcap

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Anemone caroliniana
Carolina Anemone, Carolina Thimbleweed, Southern Thimbleweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Anemopsis californica
Yerba Mansa, Yerba-mansa, Lizard Tail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Aphanostephus ramosissimus
Plains Dozedaisy, Lazy Daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Aphanostephus ramosissimus var. ramosissimus
Plains Dozedaisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Aphanostephus riddellii
Lazy Daisy, Riddell's Dozedaisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Aphanostephus skirrhobasis
Lazy Daisy, Arkansas Lazy Daisy, Arkansas Doze-daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Apios americana
Groundnut, Wild Potato, Indian Potato

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Apocynum cannabinum
Indian Hemp, Prairie Dogbane, Hemp Dogbane, Dogbane

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Arbutus xalapensis
Texas Madrone, Madrone, Texas Arbutus, Manzanita, Xoxocote, Amazaquitl

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Argemone polyanthemos
Annual Pricklepoppy, Bluestem Pricklepoppy, Bluestem Prickly Poppy, Crested Pricklypoppy, Pricklypoppy, Thistle Poppy, White Prickly Poppy, White Pricklypoppy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Argemone sanguinea
Red Pricklypoppy, Rose Prickly Poppy, Red Prickly Poppy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Argemone squarrosa
Hedgehog Pricklypoppy, Hedgehog Prickly Poppy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Argythamnia humilis
Low Silverbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Argythamnia mercurialina
Tall Silverbush, Tall Wildmercury

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Argythamnia mercurialina var. mercurialina
Tall Silverbush, Tall Wild Mercury, Tall Ditaxis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Argythamnia neomexicana
New Mexico Silverbush

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Aristida purpurea
Purple Threeawn, Purple 3-awn, Purple Three-awn, Red Threeawn

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Aristida purpurea var. longiseta
Red Three-awn, Fendler Three-awn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Aristida purpurea var. nealleyi
Blue Threeawn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Aristida purpurea var. purpurea
Purple Threeawn, Red Threeawn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Artemisia campestris
Field Sagewort

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Dry

Artemisia campestris ssp. caudata
Field Sagewort

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Artemisia dracunculus
Tarragon

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Artemisia filifolia
Sand Sagebrush, Silver Sagebrush, Silvery Wormwood, Sand Sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. mexicana
White Sagebrush, Louisiana Wormwood, Cudweed Sagewort, Gray Sagewort, Mugwort Wormwood, Prairie Sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Asclepias arenaria
Sand Milkweed, Western Sand Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Asclepias asperula
Antelope-horns, Spider Milkweed, Green-flowered Milkweed, Spider Antelope-horns, Antelope Horns

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Asclepias brachystephana
Bract Milkweed, Desert-rose Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Asclepias emoryi
Emory's Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Asclepias engelmanniana
Engelmann's Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Asclepias incarnata
Swamp Milkweed, Pink Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Asclepias incarnata ssp. incarnata
Swamp Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Asclepias latifolia
Broadleaf Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Asclepias macrotis
Longhood Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Asclepias oenotheroides
Zizotes Milkweed, Hierba De Zizotes, Side-cluster Milkweed, Longhorn Milkweed, Primrose Milkweed, Lindheimer's Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Asclepias pumila
Plains Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Asclepias speciosa
Showy Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Asclepias subverticillata
Horsetail Milkweed, Poison Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Asclepias tuberosa
Butterflyweed, Butterfly Weed, Butterfly Milkweed, Orange Milkweed, Pleurisy Root, Chigger Flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Asclepias uncialis
Wheel Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Asclepias verticillata
Whorled Milkweed, Eastern Whorled Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Asclepias viridiflora
Green Comet Milkweed, Green-flowered Milkweed, Green Milkweed, Wand Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Astragalus ceramicus
Painted Milkvetch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Astragalus crassicarpus
Groundplum Milkvetch, Ground Plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Astragalus crassicarpus var. crassicarpus
Groundplum Milkvetch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Astragalus gracilis
Slender Milkvetch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Astragalus lentiginosus
Freckled Milkvetch

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Astragalus lindheimeri
Lindheimer's Milkvetch, Lindheimer's Astragulus

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Astragalus lotiflorus
Lotus Milkvetch, Lotus Milk-vetch, Low Milkvetch, Milkvetch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Astragalus missouriensis
Missouri Milkvetch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Astragalus mollissimus
Woolly Locoweed, Purple Locoweed, Woolly Loco, Woolly Milkvetch, Wooly Loco, Wooly Locoweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Astragalus nuttallianus
Nuttall's Milkvetch, Small-flowered Milkvetch

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Astragalus plattensis
Platte River Milkvetch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Astragalus praelongus
Stinking Milkvetch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Astragalus racemosus
Cream Milkvetch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Astrolepis integerrima
Hybrid Cloakfern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light:
Water:

Astrolepis sinuata
Wavy Scaly Cloakfern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Atriplex canescens
Chamiso, Four-wing Saltbush, Wing-scale

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Atriplex confertifolia
Shadscale, Spiny Saltbush, Shadscale Saltbush, Hop Sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Baccharis salicina
Willow Baccharis, Great Plains False Willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Baccharis texana
Prairie False Willow, Prairie Baccharis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Bacopa monnieri
Herb-of-grace, Water Hyssop, Coastal Water-hyssop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Bacopa rotundifolia
Disk Waterhyssop, Disc Water-hyssop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Bahia absinthifolia
Hairyseed Bahia, Hairy-seed False Goldfields, Bahia, Yerba Raton

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Bahia pedata
Bluntscale Bahia

Duration: Annual, Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Baileya multiradiata
Desert Marigold, Showy Desert Marigold, Paper Daisy, Desert Baileya

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Baptisia australis
Blue Wild Indigo, Wild Blue Indigo, Blue False Indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Baptisia australis var. minor
Blue Wild Indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Berlandiera betonicifolia
Texas Greeneyes, Broochflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Berlandiera lyrata
Chocolate Daisy, Chocolate Flower, Lyreleaf Greeneyes, Green-eyed Lyre Leaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Bernardia obovata
Desert Myrtlecroton

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Bidens bipinnata
Spanish Needles

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Bidens cernua
Nodding Beggartick, Bur Marigold, Nodding Beggarticks, Nodding Bur Marigold, Nodding Burmarigold, Nodding Burr-marigold, Sticktight

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Bidens frondosa
Devil's Beggartick, Spanish Needles

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Bidens laevis
Smooth Beggartick, Smooth Bidens, Smooth Bur Marigold, Larger Bur Marigold

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Bidens tripartita
Threelobe Beggarticks, Three-part Beggarticks, Leafy-bracted Beggarticks, Trifid Bur-marigold

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Boehmeria cylindrica
Smallspike False Nettle, Bog Hemp

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Boerhavia linearifolia
Narrowleaf Spiderling

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Bothriochloa barbinodis
Pinhole Bluestem, Cane Bluestem, Cane Beardgrass, Feather Bluestem, Plains Beardgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Bothriochloa laguroides
Silver Bluestem, Silver Beardgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Bothriochloa laguroides ssp. torreyana
Silver Beard Grass, Silver Beardgrass, Silver Bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Bouteloua barbata
Sixweeks Grama

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Bouteloua curtipendula
Sideoats Grama, Banderilla, Banderita, Navajita

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Bouteloua dactyloides
Buffalograss, Buffalo Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Bouteloua eriopoda
Black Grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Bouteloua gracilis
Blue Grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Bouteloua hirsuta
Hairy Grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Bouteloua rigidiseta
Texas Grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Bouteloua trifida
Red Grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Brickellia eupatorioides
False Boneset

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Bromus inermis
Smooth Brome

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Buddleja scordioides
Escobilla Butterflybush, Escobilla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water: Dry

Calamovilfa gigantea
Giant Sandreed, Prairie Sandreed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Callirhoe involucrata
Winecup, Purple Poppy Mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Callirhoe involucrata var. lineariloba
White Poppymallow, Winecup, Poppy Mallow, White Winecup, Purple Poppy Mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Callirhoe leiocarpa
Tall Poppymallow, Annual Winecup, Tall Poppy-mallow, Tall Poppy Mallow

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Callirhoe pedata
Palmleaf Poppymallow, Standing Winecup, Finger Poppymallow, Palmleaf Poppy Mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Callitriche heterophylla
Two-headed Water-starwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Callitriche heterophylla ssp. heterophylla
Two-headed Water-starwort, Varied-leaved Water-starwort, Diverse-leaved Water-starwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Calylophus berlandieri
Berlandier's Sundrops , Square-bud Primrose, Sundrops

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Calylophus berlandieri ssp. berlandieri
Berlandier's Sundrops, Drummond Sundrops, Square-bud Primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Calylophus hartwegii
Hartweg's Sundrops, Western Primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Calylophus hartwegii ssp. fendleri
Hartweg's Sundrops

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Calylophus hartwegii ssp. filifolius
Hartweg's Sundrops

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Calylophus hartwegii ssp. pubescens
Hartweg's Sundrops, Grand Prairie Evening Primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Calylophus lavandulifolius
Lavendar-leaf Sundrops, Lavender-leaf Primrose, Lavenderleaf Sundrops

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Calylophus serrulatus
Yellow Sundrops, Yellow Evening Primrose, Plains Evening Primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Calystegia silvatica
Shortstalk False Bindweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Calystegia silvatica ssp. fraterniflora
Shortstalk False Bindweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light:
Water:

Carex annectens
Yellowfruit Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Carex aurea
Golden Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Carex brevior
Shortbeak Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex emoryi
Emory Sedge, Emory's Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Carex gravida
Heavy Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex hystericina
Bottlebrush Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Carex meadii
Mead's Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex oklahomensis
Oklahoma Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex pellita
Woolly Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Carex tetrastachya
Britton's Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex triangularis
Eastern Fox Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex vulpinoidea
Fox Sedge, Brown Fox Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Carex vulpinoidea var. vulpinoidea
Fox Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carlowrightia texana
Texas Wrightwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Carya illinoinensis
Pecan

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Castela erecta
Goatbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light:
Water:

Castela erecta ssp. texana
Texan Goatbush, Goat-bush, Allthorn Goatbush, Amargoso

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Castilleja indivisa
Texas Indian Paintbrush, Entireleaf Indian Paintbrush, Texas Paintbrush, Indian Paintbrush, Scarlet Paintbrush

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Castilleja integra
Wholeleaf Indian Paintbrush, Squawfeather

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Castilleja integra var. integra
Wholeleaf Indian Paintbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Castilleja lanata
Sierra Woolly Indian Paintbrush, Woolly Paintbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Castilleja purpurea
Prairie Paintbrush, Downy Indian Paintbrush, Purple Paintbrush, Lemon Paintbrush, Purple Painted Cup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Castilleja purpurea var. citrina
Lemon Paintbrush, Yellow Paintbrush, Yellow Prairie Paintbrush, Citron Paintbrush, Prairie Paintbrush, Prairie Indian Paintbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Castilleja purpurea var. purpurea
Purple Paintbrush, Purple Prairie Painbrush, Prairie Paintbrush, Downy Indian Paintbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Castilleja rigida
Rigid Indian Paintbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Castilleja sessiliflora
Downy Painted Cup, Downy Paintbrush, Great Plains Paintbrush, Great Plains Indian-paintbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Catalpa speciosa
Northern Catalpa, Catalpa Tree, Cigar Tree, Indian Bean

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ceanothus fendleri
Fendler's Ceanothus, Fendler Ceanothus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ceanothus herbaceus
Prairie Redroot, Smaller Redroot, Small Redroot, Inland Ceanothus, Fuzzy Ceanothus, Jersey Tea, Redroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Celastrus scandens
American Bittersweet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Celtis ehrenbergiana
Desert Hackberry, Spiny Hackberry, Shiny Hackberry, Granjeno, Huasteco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Celtis laevigata
Sugar Hackberry, Texas Sugarberry, Sugarberry, Southern Hackberry, Lowland Hackberry, Hackberry, Palo Blanco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Celtis laevigata var. reticulata
Netleaf Hackberry, Netleaf Sugar Hackberry, Western Hackberry, Sugar Hackberry, Texas Sugarberry, Palo Blanco, Acibuche

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Celtis occidentalis
Common Hackberry, Northern Hackberry, American Hackberry, Nettle Tree, Beaverwood, False Elm

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Cenchrus spinifex
Grass Bur, Coastal Sandbur, Field Sandspur, Southern Sandbur, Spiny Burrgrass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Centaurea americana
American Basket-flower, American Star-thistle, Basket-flower, Star Thistle, Shaving Brush, Basket Flower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Centaurium beyrichii
Mountain Pink, Meadow Pink, Catchfly, Quinineweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Centaurium calycosum
Arizona Centaury, Shortflower Centaury, Rosita, Buckley Centaury

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Centaurium texense
Lady Bird's Centaury

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Cephalanthus occidentalis
Common Buttonbush, Buttonbush, Button Willow, Honey Bells, Honeybells, Honey Balls, Honeyballs

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Cerastium brachypodum
Short-stalk Chickweed, Shortstalk Chickweed

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ceratophyllum demersum
Coon's Tail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Cercis canadensis
Eastern Redbud, Redbud

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cercis canadensis var. texensis
Texas Redbud

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Cercocarpus montanus
Alderleaf Mountain Mahogany, Silverleaf Mountain Mahogany, Mountain Mahogany

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Cercocarpus montanus var. argenteus
Silver Mountain Mahogany, Silverleaf Mountain Mahogany, True Mountain Mahogany, Mountain Mahogany

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Cevallia sinuata
Stinging Serpent, Stinging Cevallia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chaerophyllum tainturieri
Hairyfruit Chervil, Southern Chervil

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chaetopappa asteroides
Arkansas Leastdaisy, Least Daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chaetopappa ericoides
Rose Heath, Rose-heath

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Chamaecrista fasciculata
Partridge Pea, Sleepingplant, Sensitive Plant

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Chamaecrista fasciculata var. fasciculata
Partridge Pea, Showy Partridge-pea, Beeflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Chamaesaracha coniodes
Gray Five Eyes, False Nightshade, Ground Saracha, Prostrate Ground-cherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Chamaesaracha coronopus
Green False Nightshade, Greenleaf Five Eyes

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaesaracha sordida
Hairy Five Eyes, False Nightshade

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaesyce acuta
Pointed Sandmat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaesyce albomarginata
Whitemargin Sandmat, Rattlesnake-weed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaesyce cinerascens
Ashy Sandmat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaesyce fendleri
Fendler's Sandmat, Fendler's Spurge, Fendler's Carpetweed, Fendler's Euphorb

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaesyce glyptosperma
Ribseed Sandmat, Rib-seeded Sand Mat

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaesyce hyssopifolia
Hyssopleaf Sandmat

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaesyce lata
Hoary Sandmat, Hoary Euphorbia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaesyce maculata
Spotted Spurge, Spotted Euphorbia, Spotted Sandmat, Milk Purslane, Prostrate Spurge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Chamaesyce missurica
Prairie Sandmat, Missouri Spurge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaesyce nutans
Nodding Spurge, Eyebane

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Chamaesyce prostrata
Prostrate Spurge, Prostrate Sandmat, Ground Spurge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Chamaesyce serpens
Matted Sandmat, Prostrate Spurge, Creeping Spurge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaesyce serrula
Sawtooth Sandmat

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cheilanthes alabamensis
Alabama Lipfern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light:
Water:

Cheilanthes feei
Slender Lipfern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light:
Water:

Cheilanthes horridula
Rough Lipfern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Chenopodium album
Lambsquarters

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Chenopodium berlandieri
Pitseed Goosefoot, Lambs Quarters

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chenopodium incanum
Mealy Goosefoot

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Chenopodium leptophyllum
Narrowleaf Goosefoot

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chenopodium simplex
Mapleleaf Goosefoot

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Chilopsis linearis
Desert Willow, Flowering Willow, Willow-leaved Catalpa, Willowleaf Catalpa, Bow Willow, Flor De Mimbre, Mimbre

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Chloracantha spinosa
Spiny Chloracantha, Mexican Devil-weed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chloris cucullata
Hooded Windmill Grass, Hooded Windmillgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Chloris verticillata
Tumble Windmill Grass, Windmillgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Chloris virgata
Feather Fingergrass, Showy Chloris

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Chrysothamnus pulchellus
Southwestern Rabbitbrush, Rubber Rabbit Brush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Cicuta maculata
Spotted Water Hemlock, Water-hemlock, Beaver Poison

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Wet

Cirsium ochrocentrum
Yellowspine Thistle

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cirsium texanum
Texas Thistle

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Cirsium undulatum
Wavyleaf Thistle, Plumed Thistle

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cissus trifoliata
Cow-itch Vine, Cow Itch Vine, Sorrelvine, Grape Ivy, Possum Grape, Arizona Grape Ivy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Clematis drummondii
Old Man's Beard, Drummond's Clematis, Texas Virgin's Bower, Goat's Beard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Clematis pitcheri
Purple Leatherflower, Purple Clematis, Leatherflower, Bluebill, Bellflower Clematis, Pitcher's Clematis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cleome serrulata
Rocky Mountain Beeplant, Skunkweed, Waa

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Cleomella angustifolia
Narrowleaf Rhombopod, Cleomella

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cnidoscolus texanus
Texas Bullnettle, Bull Nettle, Tread-softly, Spurge Nettle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Colubrina texensis
Texas Hog Plum, Texas Snakewood, Texas Colubrina, Hog Plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Comandra umbellata
Bastard Toadflax

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water: Dry

Comandra umbellata ssp. pallida
Pale Bastard Toadflax

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Commelina erecta
Dayflower, Widow's Tears, White-mouth Dayflower, Whitemouth Dayflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Commelina erecta var. angustifolia
Narrow-leaf Dayflower, Whitemouth Dayflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Condalia ericoides
Javelina Bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Condalia hookeri
Bluewood Condalia, Brasil, Brasilwood, Bluewood, Logwood, Purple Haw, Capul Negro

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Condalia viridis
Green Snakewood, Green Condalia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Convolvulus equitans
Texas Bindweed, Bindweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Conyza canadensis
Horseweed, Canadian Horseweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Cooperia drummondii
Evening Rain Lily, Evening Star Rain Lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Coreopsis tinctoria
Plains Coreopsis, Golden Tickseed, Goldenwave, Calliopsis

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Corispermum americanum
American Bugseed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Cornus drummondii
Roughleaf Dogwood, Drummond's Dogwood, Rough-leaf Dogwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Corydalis aurea
Scrambled Eggs, Golden Corydalis

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Dry

Corydalis curvisiliqua
Curvepod, Curvepod Fumewort, Golden Smoke, Scrambled Eggs

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Corydalis micrantha
Smallflower Fumewort, Southern Corydalis, Golden Corydalis

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Coryphantha echinus
Rhinoceros Cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light:
Water: Dry

Coryphantha macromeris var. macromeris
Nipple Beehive Cactus, Big Needle Cactus, Big Nipple Cory-cactus, Dona Ana, Long Mamma

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Coryphantha sulcata
Nipple Cactus, Pineapple Cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Crepis runcinata
Fiddleleaf Hawksbeard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Croton glandulosus
Tooth-leaved Croton, Sand Croton, Tropic Croton, Vente Conmigo

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Croton lindheimerianus
Threeseed Croton

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Croton monanthogynus
Prairie Tea, One-seed Croton, Doveweed, Dove Weed, Prairie Goatweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Croton pottsii
Leatherweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Croton pottsii var. pottsii
Leatherweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Croton texensis
Texas Croton, Doveweed, Texas Goatweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cryptantha cinerea var. jamesii
James' Cryptantha, James' Catseye, James' Cat's-eye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Cryptantha mexicana
Mexican Cryptantha

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cryptantha minima
Little Cryptantha

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Cryptantha palmeri
Palmer's Cryptantha

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Cucurbita foetidissima
Stinking Gourd, Buffalo Gourd, Missouri Gourd, Stink Gourd, Wild Gourd

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Cuscuta cuspidata
Angel Hair, Cusp Dodder, Dodder

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Cuscuta gronovii
Scaldweed, Dodder

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Cuscuta indecora
Bigseed Alfalfa Dodder, Largeseed Dodder, Pretty Dodder

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light:
Water:

Cuscuta pentagona
Fiveangled Dodder

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Cuscuta umbellata
Flatglobe Dodder, Santa Fe Dodder

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Cyclanthera naudiniana
Hill Country Cyclanthera, Naudin's Cyclanthera, Central Texas Cyclanthera

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light:
Water:

Cycloloma atriplicifolium
Winged Pigweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Cylindropuntia imbricata
Tree Cholla, Walking Stick Cholla, Cholla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light:
Water:

Cylindropuntia imbricata var. imbricata
Cane Cactus, Cholla, Teddy-bear Cholla, Tree Cholla, Walkingstick Cholla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Cylindropuntia kleiniae
Candle Cholla, Klein's Pencil Cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water:

Cylindropuntia leptocaulis
Tasajillo, Christmas Cactus, Pencil Cactus, Christmas Cholla, Desert Christmas Cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Cymopterus macrorhizus
Bigroot Springparsley, Big-root Cymopterus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cymopterus montanus
Mountain Springparsley, Montana Wavewing

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cyperus acuminatus
Tapertip Flatsedge

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Cyperus croceus
Baldwin's Flatsedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Cyperus esculentus
Yellow Nutsedge, Chufa Sedge, Yellow Nut-grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cyperus lupulinus
Great Plains Flatsedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Cyperus odoratus
Fragrant Flatsedge, Fragrant Sedge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Cyperus onerosus
Plains Flatsedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Cyperus retroflexus
Oneflower Flatsedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Cyperus schweinitzii
Schweinitz's Flatsedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Cyperus setigerus
Lean Flatsedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Cyperus squarrosus
Bearded Flatsedge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Cyperus strigosus
Straw-colored Flatsedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Cyphomeris gypsophiloides
Red Cyphomeris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Cypripedium parviflorum
Yellow Lady's-slipper Orchid, Lesser Yellow Lady's Slipper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Cypripedium parviflorum var. pubescens
Greater Yellow Lady's Slipper, Large Yellow Lady's Slipper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Dalea aurea
Golden Dalea, Golden Prairie Clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dalea candida
White Prairie Clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dalea candida var. oligophylla
Fewleaf White Prairie Clover, White Prairie Clover, Western White Prairie Clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Dalea enneandra
Nine-anther Prairie Clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Dry

Dalea formosa
Featherplume, Feather Dalea, Indigobush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dalea frutescens
Black Dalea, Black Prairie Clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dalea greggii
Gregg Dalea, Gregg's Prairie Clover, Trailing Indigo Bush, Indigo Bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Dalea jamesii
James's Prairie Clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Dalea lanata
Woolly Prairie Clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Dalea nana
Dwarf Prairie Clover, Dwarf Dalea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Dalea nana var. carnescens
Dwarf Prairie Clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Dalea pogonathera
Bearded Prairie Clover, Bearded Dalea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Dalea purpurea
Purple Prairie Clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dalea villosa
Silky Prairie Clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Dalea villosa var. villosa
Silky Prairie Clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dasyochloa pulchella
Fluff Grass, Low Woollygrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Datura quercifolia
Chinese Thorn-apple, Oak-leaf Thorn Apple, Oak Leaved Angel's Trumpet

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Datura wrightii
Jimsonweed, Sacred Thorn-apple, Thorn-apple, Angel Trumpet, Sacred Datura

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Daucus pusillus
American Wild Carrot, Rattlesnake-weed, Wild Carrot

Duration: Annual, Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Delphinium carolinianum
Prairie Larkspur, Carolina Larkspur, Blue Larkspur

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Delphinium carolinianum ssp. vimineum
Carolina Larkspur, Prairie Larkspur

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Delphinium carolinianum ssp. virescens
Carolina Larkspur, Prairie Larkspur, Plains Larkspur

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Descurainia pinnata
Western Tansymustard, Tansy-mustard

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Desmanthus illinoensis
Illinois Bundleflower, Bundleflower, Prairie Bundle Flower, Prickleweed, Illinois Desmanthus, Prairie Mimosa

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Desmanthus obtusus
Bluntpod Bundleflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Desmodium canadense
Showy Tick Trefoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Desmodium illinoense
Illinois Ticktrefoil, Illinois Tick-trefoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Desmodium paniculatum
Panicledleaf Ticktrefoil, Panicled Tick Trefoil, Velcro Vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Desmodium sessilifolium
Sessileleaf Ticktrefoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dichanthelium acuminatum
Tapered Rosette Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Dichanthelium acuminatum var. fasciculatum
Western Panicgrass, Rosette Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Dichanthelium acuminatum var. lindheimeri
Lindheimer Panicgrass, Lindheimer's Rosettegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Dichanthelium oligosanthes
Heller's Rosette Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Dichanthelium sphaerocarpon
Roundseed Panicgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Digitaria californica
Arizona Cottontop, California Cottontop, California Crab Grass, Cottontop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Digitaria ciliaris
Southern Crabgrass

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Digitaria pubiflora
Carolina Crabgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Diospyros virginiana
Common Persimmon, Eastern Persimmon, Possumwood, Date Plum, Winter Plum, Jove's Fruit

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Distichlis spicata
Saltgrass, Coastal Salt Grass, Inland Salt-grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Draba cuneifolia
Wedgeleaf Draba, Whitlow-grass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Dryopteris marginalis
Marginal Woodfern, Marginal Fern, Marginal Shieldfern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Dyschoriste linearis
Snake Herb, Polkadots, Narrowleaf Dyschoriste

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Dyssodia papposa
Dogweed, Fetid Marigold

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Echinacea angustifolia
Black Samson, Black Samson Echinacea, Narrow-leaf Coneflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Echinocactus texensis
Horse Crippler, Horse Crippler Cactus, Devil's Head, Chisos Hedgehog Cactus, Chisos Hedgehog

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Echinocereus reichenbachii
Lace Hedgehog Cactus, Lace Cactus, Lace Hedgehog, Purple Candle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Echinocereus reichenbachii ssp. reichenbachii
Lace Cactus, Lace Hedgehog Cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Echinocereus stramineus
Strawberry Hedgehog Cactus, Pitaya

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Echinocereus viridiflorus
Nylon Hedgehog Cactus, Green Pitaya

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Echinochloa crus-pavonis var. macera
Gulf Cockspur Grass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Echinochloa muricata
American Barnyard Grass, Rough Barnyard Grass, Barnyard Grass, American Cockspur Grass, Wild Millet

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Echinodorus berteroi
Upright Burrhead

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Echinodorus tenellus
Mudbabies

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eclipta prostrata
Pie Plant, False Daisy, Eclipta

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eleocharis acicularis
Needle Spikerush

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Eleocharis atropurpurea
Purple Spikerush

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eleocharis erythropoda
Bald Spikerush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eleocharis macrostachya
Pale Spikerush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eleocharis montevidensis
Sand Spikerush, Spike Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Eleocharis obtusa
Blunt Spikerush

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Eleocharis palustris
Common Spikerush, Common Spike-rush, Creeping Spikesedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Eleocharis parvula
Dwarf Spikerush

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Eleocharis rostellata
Beaked Spikerush, Leap Frog Spike Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Elymus canadensis
Canada Wild Rye, Canadian Wildrye, Prairie Wildrye, Nodding Wildrye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Elymus elymoides
Squirreltail, Bottlebrush Squirreltail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Elymus elymoides ssp. brevifolius
Squirreltail, Long-leaf Squirrel-tail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Elymus trachycaulus
Slender Wheatgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Elymus trachycaulus ssp. trachycaulus
Slender Wheatgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Elymus virginicus
Virginia Wild Rye, Virginia Wildrye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Elymus virginicus var. virginicus
Virginia Wildrye, Virginia Wild Rye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Engelmannia peristenia
Engelmann's Daisy, Engelmann Daisy, Cutleaf Daisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Ephedra antisyphilitica
Mormon Tea, Joint-fir, Clapweed, Popote

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ephedra aspera
Rough Jointfir

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Ephedra coryi
Cory's Jointfir, Cory's Ephedra

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light:
Water:

Ephedra torreyana
Torrey's Jointfir, Torrey Joint-fir

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ephedra trifurca
Ephedra, Mormon Tea, Longleaf Jointfir, Jointfir, Longleaf Teabush, Tea Weed, Canutillo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Epilobium coloratum
Purpleleaf Willowherb

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Epipactis gigantea
Stream Orchid, Chatterbox Orchid, Giant Hellebore

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Epixiphium wislizeni
Balloonbush, Net-cup Snapdragon Vine, Balloon-sepal Snapdragon Vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Equisetum arvense
Field Horsetail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Equisetum hyemale
Scouring-rush Horsetail, Horsetail, Scouring Rush, Canuela

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Equisetum hyemale var. affine
Scouring-rush Horsetail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Equisetum laevigatum
Smooth Horsetail, Horsetail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Eragrostis curtipedicellata
Gummy Lovegrass, Gummy Love Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eragrostis intermedia
Plains Lovegrass, Plains Love Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Eragrostis pectinacea
Tufted Lovegrass, Tufted Love Grass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eragrostis pectinacea var. pectinacea
Tufted Lovegrass, Tufted Love Grass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eragrostis secundiflora
Red Lovegrass , Red Love Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eragrostis secundiflora ssp. oxylepis
Red Lovegrass, Red Love Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Eragrostis sessilispica
Tumble Lovegrass, Tumble Love Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eragrostis spectabilis
Purple Lovegrass, Purple Love Grass, Purple Plains Lovegrass, Tumblegrass, Petticoat Climber

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Eragrostis trichodes
Sand Lovegrass, Sand Love Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Ericameria nauseosa
Rubber Rabbitbrush, Gray Rabbitbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water: Dry

Ericameria nauseosa ssp. nauseosa
Chamisa, Rabbitbrush, Rubber Rabbitbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Ericameria nauseosa ssp. nauseosa var. glabrata
Rubber Rabbitbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Ericameria nauseosa ssp. nauseosa var. nauseosa
Rubber Rabbitbrush, Rabbitbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Erigeron bellidiastrum
Western Daisy Fleabane

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Erigeron colomexicanus
Running Fleabane, Sprawling Daisy

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Erigeron flagellaris
Trailing Fleabane

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Erigeron modestus
Plains Fleabane, Prairie Fleabane

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Erigeron strigosus
Prairie Fleabane, Daisy Fleabane

Duration: Annual, Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Eriogonum abertianum
Abert's Buckwheat, Abert's Wild Buckwheat

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eriogonum annuum
Annual Buckwheat, Annual Wild Buckwheat, Umbrella Plant

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Eriogonum jamesii
James' Buckwheat, James' Wild Buckwheat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Eriogonum longifolium
Longleaf Buckwheat, Longleaf Wild Buckwheat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eriogonum longifolium var. longifolium
Longleaf Buckwheat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eriogonum multiflorum
Wild Buckwheat, Heart-sepal Buckwheat, Heart-sepal Wild Buckwheat

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Eriogonum nealleyi
Irion County Buckwheat, Irion County Wild Buckwheat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Erioneuron pilosum
Hairy Woollygrass, Hairy Tridens

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Erodium texanum
Texas Stork's Bill, Stork's Bill, Pine Needle, Fillaree

Duration: Annual, Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Eryngium diffusum
Spreading Eryngo

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eryngium leavenworthii
Leavenworth's Eryngo, Eryngo, False Purple Thistle

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Erysimum asperum
Western Wallflower

Duration: Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Erysimum capitatum
Sand-dune Wallflower, Western Wallflower, Prairie Rocket

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Escobaria missouriensis
Missouri Foxtail Cactus, Plains Nipple Cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Escobaria vivipara
Spinystar, Common Beehive Cactus, Pincushion Cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light:
Water:

Escobaria vivipara var. vivipara
Spinystar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light:
Water:

Eupatorium perfoliatum
Common Boneset

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Eupatorium perfoliatum var. perfoliatum
Common Boneset

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Euphorbia dentata
Toothed Spurge, Toothed-leaf Poinsettia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Euphorbia hexagona
Sixangle Spurge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Euphorbia marginata
Snow On The Mountain, Snow-on-the-mountain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Euphorbia spathulata
Warty Spurge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eurytaenia texana
Texas Spreadwing

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eustoma exaltatum
Catchfly Prairie Gentian, Bluebell Gentian, Western Blue Gentian, Blue Marsh Lily, Small Bluebell, Catchfly Gentian, Seaside Gentian

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Eustoma exaltatum ssp. russellianum
Texas Bluebells, Texas Bluebell, Bluebell, Showy Prairie Gentian, Prairie Gentian

Duration: Annual, Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Euthamia graminifolia
Flat-top Goldentop, Grass-leaved Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Euthamia graminifolia var. graminifolia
Flat-top Goldentop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Evax prolifera
Bighead Pygmycudweed, Rabbit Tobacco

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Evax verna
Spring Pygmycudweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Evax verna var. verna
Spring Pygmycudweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Evolvulus nuttallianus
Shaggy Dwarf Morning-glory, Shaggy Evolvulus, Silky Evolvulus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Fallugia paradoxa
Apache Plume, Ponil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ferocactus hamatacanthus
Turk's Head, Turk's Head Cactus, Texas Barrel Cactus, Giant Fishhook Cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Ferocactus hamatacanthus var. hamatacanthus
Turk's Head

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light:
Water:

Fimbristylis puberula
Hairy Fimbry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Fimbristylis vahlii
Vahl's Fimbry

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Flaveria trinervia
Clustered Yellowtops

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Florestina tripteris
Sticky Florestina

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Flourensia cernua
American Tarwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Forestiera angustifolia
Narrow-leaf Forestiera, Tanglewood, Desert Olive, Texas Swamp-privet, Panalero

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Forestiera pubescens
Elbow Bush, Stretchberry, Spring Herald, Desert Olive, Tanglewood, Devil's Elbow, Spring Goldenglow, New Mexico Privet, Texas Forsythia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Forestiera pubescens var. pubescens
Stretchberry, Elbowbush, Stretch-berry, Downy Forestiera, Desert Olive, Elbow-bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Fraxinus berlandieriana
Mexican Ash, Berlandier Ash, Berlandier's Ash, Plumero

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Fraxinus pennsylvanica
Green Ash, Red Ash, Swamp Ash, River Ash, Water Ash, Darlington Ash

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Froelichia floridana
Plains Snakecotton, Snake-cotton

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Froelichia gracilis
Slender Snakecotton, Snake-cotton

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Fuirena simplex
Western Umbrella-sedge, Umbrellagrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Funastrum crispum
Wavy-leaf Milkweed Vine, Wavyleaf Twinevine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Funastrum cynanchoides
Fringed Twinevine, Climbing Milkweed Vine, Twine-vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Funastrum cynanchoides ssp. cynanchoides
Fringed Twinevine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Gaillardia aestivalis
Lanceleaf Blanketflower, Winkler Gaillardia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Gaillardia aestivalis var. aestivalis
Lanceleaf Blanketflower, Prairie Gaillardia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Gaillardia multiceps
Onion Blanketflower, Gyp Indian Blanket

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Gaillardia multiceps var. microcephala
Onion Blanketflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Gaillardia pinnatifida
Red Dome Blanketflower, Yellow Gaillardia, Blanket Flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Gaillardia pulchella
Indian Blanket, Firewheel, Girasol Rojo

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Gaillardia pulchella var. pulchella
Indian Blanket, Firewheel

Duration: Annual, Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Gaillardia suavis
Pincushion Daisy, Fragrant Gaillardia, Rayless Gaillardia, Perfumeballs

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Galium aparine
Stickywilly, Catchweed Bedstraw, Cleavers

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light: Shade
Water:

Galium proliferum
Limestone Bedstraw

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Galium texense
Texas Bedstraw

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Galium virgatum
Southwest Bedstraw, Southwestern Bedstraw

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Gamochaeta falcata
Narrowleaf Purple Everlasting

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Garrya ovata
Eggleaf Silktassel, Mexican Silktassel, Eggleaf Garrya, Zumaque, Cuauchichic, Cuauchichi, Guachichi

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Geum canadense
White Avens

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Giliastrum acerosum
Bluebowls, Prickleleaf Gilia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Giliastrum ludens
Rio Grande Gilia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Giliastrum rigidulum
Bluebowls, Blue Gilia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Glandularia bipinnatifida
Prairie Verbena, Purple Prairie Verbena, Dakota Vervain, Dakota Mock Vervain, Moradilla, Alfombrilla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Glandularia bipinnatifida var. bipinnatifida
Prairie Verbena, Purple Prairie Verbena, Dakota Mock Vervain, Dakota Vervain

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Glandularia bipinnatifida var. ciliata
Davis Mountains Mock Vervain, Dakota Mock Vervain, Wright's Verbena

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Glandularia pumila
Dwarf Vervain, Low Verbena, Pink Mock Vervain, Pink Verbena, Wild Vervain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Glandularia quandrangulata
Beaked Mock Vervain, Pale Mock Vervain, Chihuahuan Mock Vervain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Gleditsia triacanthos
Honey Locust, Common Honey Locust, Thorny Common Honey Locust, Honey Shucks Locust, Sweet Locust, Thorny Locust, Honey Shucks, Sweet Bean Tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Glycyrrhiza lepidota
American Licorice, Wild Licorice

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Gossypianthus lanuginosus
Woolly Cottonflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Grindelia lanceolata
Narrowleaf Gumweed, Fall Gumweed

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Grindelia nuda var. nuda
Curlytop Gumweed

Duration: Annual, Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Grindelia papposa
Spanish Gold, Clasping-leaved Haplopappus, Saw-leaf Daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Grindelia squarrosa
Curlycup Gumweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Dry

Guaiacum angustifolium
Texas Lignum-vitae, Soapbush, Guayacan

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Guilleminea densa
Small Matweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Gutierrezia microcephala
Threadleaf Snakeweed, Threadleaf Broomweed, Smallhead Snakeweed, Littlehead Snakeweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Gutierrezia sarothrae
Broom Snakeweed, Kindlingweed, Matchbrush, Texas Snakeweed, Broomweed, Turpentine Weed, Matchweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Gutierrezia sphaerocephala
Roundleaf Snakeweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Gutierrezia texana
Texas Snakeweed

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Gymnosperma glutinosum
Gumhead, Tatalencho

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hackelia virginiana
Beggarslice, Beggar's-lice, Stickseed, Sticktight, Wild Comfrey, Virginia Stickseed

Duration: Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Haploesthes greggii
False Broomweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Haploesthes greggii var. texana
Texas False Broomweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub, Shrub
Light:
Water:

Hedeoma acinoides
Slender False Pennyroyal, Annual Pennyroyal, Slender Hedeoma

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Hedeoma drummondii
Drummond's False Pennyroyal, Limoncillo, Mock Pennyroyal

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Hedeoma reverchonii
Reverchon's False Pennyroyal

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Hedeoma reverchonii var. serpyllifolia
Reverchon's False Pennyroyal, Rock Hedeoma

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hedysarum boreale
Utah Sweetvetch, Boreal Sweet-vetch, Northern Sweetvetch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Helenium amarum
Yellow Sneezeweed, Bitterweed, Yellow Bitterweed, Yellowdicks, Slender-leaved Sneezeweed, Fine-leaved Sneezweed, Yellow Dog-fennel

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Helenium amarum var. badium
Yellowdicks, Brown Bitterweed, Basin Sneezeweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helenium autumnale
Common Sneezeweed, Fall Sneezeweed, Autumn Sneezeweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Helenium autumnale var. autumnale
Common Sneezeweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Helenium microcephalum
Smallhead Sneezeweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helianthus annuus
Common Sunflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Helianthus ciliaris
Texas Blueweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helianthus grosseserratus
Sawtooth Sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Helianthus maximiliani
Maximilian Sunflower, Max Sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Helianthus neglectus
Neglected Sunflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helianthus petiolaris
Prairie Sunflower, Plains Sunflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Heliotropium convolvulaceum
Phlox Heliotrope, Fragrant Heliotrope

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Heliotropium curassavicum
Salt Heliotrope, Seaside Heliotrope, Quail Plant, Cola De Mico, Cola De Gama

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Heliotropium greggii
Fragrant Heliotrope

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hesperostipa comata
Needle And Thread, Needle-and-thread

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Hesperostipa comata ssp. comata
Needle And Thread

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Hesperostipa neomexicana
New Mexico Feathergrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Heteranthera dubia
Grassleaf Mudplantain, Water Stargrass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Heteranthera limosa
Blue Mud Plantain, Blue Mudplantain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Heterotheca canescens
Gray Golden-aster, Hoary False Goldenaster

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Heterotheca stenophylla
Stiffleaf False Goldenaster, Sticky Granite-daisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Heterotheca subaxillaris
Camphorweed, Camphor Weed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Heterotheca villosa
Hairy False Goldenaster, Hairy Golden-aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Hibiscus denudatus
Paleface, Rock Hibiscus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Hibiscus laevis
Halberdleaf Rosemallow, Halberdleaf Hibiscus, Scarlet Rose Mallow, Halberd-leaved Hibiscus, Halberd-leaved Rose-mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Hibiscus lasiocarpos
Woolly Rose-mallow, Woolly Mallow, Rose-mallow, False Cotton

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Hibiscus martianus
Heartleaf Rosemallow, Tulipan Del Monte, Heartleaf Hibiscus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Hibiscus moscheutos
Crimson-eyed Rose-mallow, Marshmallow Hibiscus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Hilaria belangeri
Curly Mesquite Grass, Curly Mesquite

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Hilaria belangeri var. belangeri
Curly-mesquite

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Hoffmannseggia glauca
Indian Rushpea, Indian Rush-pea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hordeum jubatum
Foxtail Barley

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Hordeum jubatum ssp. jubatum
Foxtail Barley, Squirreltail Barley, Skunktail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Hordeum pusillum
Little Barley

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Houstonia acerosa
Needleleaf Bluet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Houstonia humifusa
Matted Bluet

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hybanthus verticillatus
Babyslippers, Nodding Green Violet, Green Violet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Hymenopappus filifolius
Fineleaf Hymenopappus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hymenopappus filifolius var. cinereus
Fine-leaf Woolly-white, Fineleaf Hymenopappus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hymenopappus flavescens
Yellow Plainsman, Collegeflower

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Hymenopappus flavescens var. flavescens
Collegeflower

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hymenopappus scabiosaeus
Carolina Woollywhite, Old Plainsman, Woolly-white

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hymenopappus scabiosaeus var. corymbosus
Carolina Woollywhite, Old Plainsman

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hymenopappus tenuifolius
Chalk Hill Hymenopappus

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hymenoxys odorata
Bitter Rubberweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ibervillea lindheimeri
Balsam Gourd, Lindheimer's Globeberry, Globe Berry, Snake-apple, Balsam-apple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Ibervillea tenuisecta
Slimlobe Globeberry, Cutleaf Globe Berry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Indigofera miniata
Scarlet Pea, Coastal Indigo, Texas Indigo, Western Indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Ipomoea leptophylla
Bush Morning-glory

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ipomopsis aggregata
Scarlet Gilia, Scarlet Standing-cypress, Skyrocket, Skunkflower

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ipomopsis longiflora
Flaxflowered Ipomopsis, Pale Trumpets, Paleflower Gilia, White-flower Skyrocket, White-flowered Gilia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Isocoma pluriflora
Jimmyweed, Southern Goldenbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Iva annua
Annual Marshelder, Marshelder, Sumpweed, Annual Marsh Elder, Marsh Elder

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Juglans microcarpa
Little Walnut, Texas Walnut, Texas Black Walnut, River Walnut, Nogalito, Nogalillo, Namboca

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Juglans nigra
Black Walnut, Eastern Black Walnut, American Black Walnut

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Juncus acuminatus
Tapertip Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Juncus arcticus ssp. littoralis
Baltic Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Juncus dudleyi
Dudley's Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Juncus interior
Inland Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Juncus interior var. interior
Inland Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Juncus marginatus
Grassleaf Rush, Grass Leaf Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Juncus scirpoides
Needlepod Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Juncus torreyi
Torrey's Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Juniperus ashei
Ashe Juniper, Ashe's Juniper, Mountain Cedar, Rock Cedar, Post Cedar, Texas Cedar, Brake Cedar, Mexican Juniper, Blueberry Juniper, Ozark White Cedar, Sabino, Enebro

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Juniperus monosperma
Oneseed Juniper, One-seed Juniper, Cherrystone Juniper, New Mexico Juniper, West Texas Juniper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Juniperus pinchotii
Pinchot's Juniper, Pinchot Juniper, Redberry Juniper, Texas Juniper, Christmasberry Juniper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Juniperus scopulorum
Rocky Mountain Juniper, Rocky Mountain Red Cedar, Mountain Red Cedar, Colorado Red Cedar, Western Red Cedar, River Juniper, Western Juniper, Cedro Rojo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Juniperus virginiana
Eastern Red Cedar, Eastern Redcedar, Virginia Juniper, Red Juniper, Pencil Cedar, Carolina Cedar, Red Savin, Baton Rouge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Justicia pilosella
Hairy Tube-tongue, Gregg's Tube-tongue, False Honeysuckle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Kallstroemia parviflora
Warty Caltrop, Small-flowered Carpetweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Koeberlinia spinosa
Crown Of Thorns, Spiny Allthorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Krameria erecta
Littleleaf Ratany, Range Ratany

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Krameria lanceolata
Trailing Krameria, Ratany, Crameria, Prairie Sandbur, Trailing Ratany

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Krascheninnikovia lanata
Winterfat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Lactuca ludoviciana
Western Wild Lettuce, Louisiana Wild Lettuce, Prairie Lettuce, Prairie Wild Lettuce, Biannual Lettuce

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Laennecia coulteri
Conyza, Coulter's Horseweed, Coulter's Woolwort, Annual Horsetail

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lantana achyranthifolia
Brushland Shrubverbena, Mexican Marjoram, Veinyleaf Lantana

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lantana urticoides
Texas Lantana, Calico Bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lappula occidentalis var. cupulata
Flatspine Stickseed, Western Stickseed

Duration: Annual, Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Larrea tridentata
Creosote Bush, Greasewood, Hediondilla, Governadora, Guamis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Lathyrus polymorphus
Manystem Pea, Hoary Vetchling

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Lechea mucronata
Hairy Pinweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Leersia oryzoides
Rice Cutgrass, Rice Cut Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Lemna minor
Common Duckweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Lepidium alyssoides
Mesa Pepperwort, Mesa Pepperweed, Southern Pepperweed

Duration: Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Lepidium austrinum
Southern Peppergrass, Southern Pepperwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lepidium densiflorum
Common Pepperweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lepidium lasiocarpum
Shaggyfruit Pepperweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lepidium oblongum
Veiny Pepperweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lepidium virginicum
Virginia Peppergrass, Virginia Pepperweed, Peppergrass, Poor Man's Pepper

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Leptochloa dubia
Green Sprangletop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Leptochloa fusca
Malabar Sprangletop

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Leptochloa fusca ssp. fascicularis
Bearded Sprangletop

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Leptochloa panicea
Mucronate Sprangletop, Red Sprangletop, Needle Sprangletop

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Lespedeza capitata
Roundhead Lespedeza, Roundhead Bush-clover, Round-headed Lespedeza, Round-headed Bush-clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lespedeza stuevei
Tall Bush-clover, Tall Lespedeza

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lesquerella fendleri
Fendler's Bladderpod, Popweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Lesquerella gordonii
Gordon's Bladderpod

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Lesquerella grandiflora
Bigflower Bladderpod

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lesquerella ovalifolia
Roundleaf Bladderpod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Leucospora multifida
Narrowleaf Paleseed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Liatris punctata
Dotted Blazing Star, Dotted Gayfeather, Dotted Liatris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Liatris squarrosa
Scaly Blazing Star, Scaly Gayfeather, Scaly Liatris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Liatris squarrosa var. glabrata
Scaly Blazing Star, Scaly Gayfeather, Scaly Liatris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Limnodea arkansana
Ozark Grass, Ozarkgrass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Limonium limbatum
Transpecos Sealavender

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lindernia dubia
Yellowseed False Pimpernel

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lindheimera texana
Texas Yellowstar, Texas Star, Texas Yellow-star, Lindheimer Daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Linum aristatum
Bristle Flax

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Linum berlandieri
Berlandier's Yellow Flax

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Linum berlandieri var. berlandieri
Berlandier's Yellow Flax, Yellow Flax, Stiff-stem Flax

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Linum hudsonioides
Hudson Flax, Texas Flax, Yellow Flax

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Linum lewisii
Wild Blue Flax, Prairie Flax, Lewis Flax, Lewis's Flax

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Linum lewisii var. lewisii
Blue Flax, Prairie Flax

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Linum pratense
Meadow Flax

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Linum puberulum
Plains Flax

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Linum rigidum
Stiffstem Flax, Large-flower Yellow Flax, Yellow Flax

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Linum rigidum var. rigidum
Stiffstem Flax

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Linum rupestre
Rock Flax

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Liquidambar styraciflua
Sweetgum, American Sweetgum, Red Gum, White Gum, Star-leaved Gum, Starleaf Gum, Alligator Tree, Satin Walnut, Bilsted, Liquidambar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Lithospermum caroliniense
Carolina Puccoon, Hairy Puccoon, Hispid Gromwell

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Lithospermum incisum
Fringed Puccoon, Golden Puccoon, Narrowleaf Puccoon, Narrow-leaved Puccoon, Puccoon, Narrowleaf Gromwell, Fringed Gromwell, Narrowleaf Stoneseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lobelia cardinalis
Cardinal Flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Loeflingia squarrosa
Spreading Pygmyleaf

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lomatium foeniculaceum ssp. daucifolium
Desert Biscuitroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lonicera albiflora
Western White Honeysuckle, White Shrub Honeysuckle, White Bush Honeysuckle, White Limestone Honeysuckle, Texas Honeysuckle, White Honeysuckle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Ludwigia repens
Creeping Primrose-willow, Floating Primrose-willow, Water Primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lupinus argenteus
Silvery Lupine, Silver-stem Lupine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Lupinus caudatus
Tailcup Lupine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Lupinus plattensis
Nebraska Lupine, Dune Bluebonnet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lycium berlandieri
Berlandier's Wolfberry, Wolfberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Lycopus americanus
American Water Horehound, Water Horehound

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Lycurus setosus
Bristly Wolfstail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Lygodesmia juncea
Rush Skeletonplant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lygodesmia texana
Texas Skeleton Plant, Texas Skeleton Weed, Skeleton-plant, Purple Dandelion, Flowering Straw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lythrum californicum
California Loosestrife

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Machaeranthera canescens
Hoary Tansyaster

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Machaeranthera pinnatifida
Lacy Tansyaster, Yellow Spiny Daisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Machaeranthera pinnatifida ssp. pinnatifida
Lacy Tansyaster, Yellow Spiny Daisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Machaeranthera pinnatifida ssp. pinnatifida var. pinnatifida
Lacy Tansyaster, Yellow Spiny Daisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Machaeranthera tanacetifolia
Tahoka Daisy, Tansy-aster, Tansey-leaf Tansy-aster, Tansyleaf Tansyaster

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Maclura pomifera
Osage Orange, Bois d' Arc, Bodark, Horse Apple, Hedge Apple, Bowwood, Yellowwood, Naranjo Chino

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Mahonia trifoliolata
Agarita, Agarito, Algerita, Laredo Mahonia, Laredo Oregon-grape, Trifoliate Barberry, Wild Currant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Malvella lepidota
Scurfymallow, Malvalla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Malvella leprosa
Alkali Mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Malvella sagittifolia
Arrow-leaf Mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mammillaria heyderi
Little Nipple Cactus, Heyder Pincushion Cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Marsilea vestita
Hairy Water-clover, Hairy Waterclover, Hairy Water Clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Matelea biflora
Purple Milkweed Vine, Star Milkvine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Maurandella antirrhiniflora
Snapdragon Vine , Roving Sailor, Climbing Snapdragon, Little Snapdragon Vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Mecardonia procumbens
Baby Jump-up

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Melampodium leucanthum
Blackfoot Daisy, Rock Daisy, Plains Blackfoot, Arnica

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Melica nitens
Three-flower Melic, Tall Melicgrass, Threeflower Melicgrass, Melicgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Melothria pendula
Guadeloupe Cucumber, Meloncito, Speckled Gourd

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Melothria pendula var. pendula
Guadeloupe Cucumber

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light:
Water:

Menodora heterophylla
Low Menodora, Redbud, Twinpod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Menodora scabra
Rough Menodora

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Mentha arvensis
Wild Mint

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Mentzelia decapetala
Tenpetal Blazingstar

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mentzelia multiflora
Adonis Blazingstar, Prairie Stickleaf, Blazingstar

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mentzelia nuda
Bractless Blazingstar, Sand Lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mentzelia oligosperma
Stick-leaf, Chickenthief

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Mentzelia reverchonii
Reverchon's Blazingstar, Reverchon's Stick-leaf, Prairie Stickleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Mentzelia strictissima
Grassland Blazingstar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mimosa aculeaticarpa
Catclaw Mimosa

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light:
Water:

Mimosa aculeaticarpa var. biuncifera
Catclaw Mimosa, Cat's-claw Mimosa, Wait-a-bit

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Mimosa borealis
Fragrant Mimosa, Pink Mimosa

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Mimosa nuttallii
Nuttall's Sensitive Briar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mimosa rupertiana
Eastern Sensitive Plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mimulus glabratus
Roundleaf Monkeyflower, Yellow Monkeyflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mirabilis albida
White Four O'clock, Dwarf Four O'clock

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Mirabilis linearis
Narrowleaf Four O'Clock

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Mirabilis nyctaginea
Heartleaf Four O'Clock

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Mollugo verticillata
Green Carpetweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Monarda citriodora
Lemon Beebalm, Purple Horsemint, Lemon Mint, Plains Horsemint, Lemon Horsemint, Horsemint, Purple Lemon Mint

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Monarda clinopodioides
Basil Beebalm

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Monarda pectinata
Pony Beebalm

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Monarda punctata
Spotted Beebalm, Spotted Horsemint, Horsemint

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Monarda punctata ssp. punctata var. lasiodonta
Spotted Beebalm

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Monolepis nuttalliana
Nuttall's Povertyweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Morus microphylla
Texas Mulberry, Littleleaf Mulberry, Mountain Mulberry, Mexican Mulberry, Dwarf Mulberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Morus rubra
Red Mulberry, Moral

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Muhlenbergia arenacea
Ear Muhly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Muhlenbergia arenicola
Sand Muhly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Muhlenbergia capillaris
Gulf Muhly, Hair-awn Muhly, Hairy-awn Muhly, Hair Grass, Pink Muhly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Muhlenbergia porteri
Bush Muhly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Muhlenbergia racemosa
Marsh Muhly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Muhlenbergia spiciformis
Longawn Muhly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Muhlenbergia torreyi
Ring Muhly, Torrey Muhly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Najas guadalupensis
Common Water Nymph, Southern Water Nymph, Najas

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Nama hispidum
Sand Bells, Bristly Nama, Sand-bell

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Nama jamaicense
Jamaicanweed, Jamaican Weed, Fiddleleaf Nama

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Nassella leucotricha
Texas Wintergrass, Texas Speargrass, Wintergrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Nekemias arborea
Peppervine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Nelumbo lutea
American Lotus, Yellow Water Lotus, Yellow Lotus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Nerisyrenia camporum
Bicolor Fanmustard, Mesa Greggia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Nerisyrenia linearifolia
White Sands Fanmustard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Nicotiana obtusifolia
Desert Tobacco, Little Tobacco, Tabaquillo, Punche

Duration: Annual, Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Nicotiana obtusifolia var. obtusifolia
Desert Tobacco, Little Tobacco, Tabaquillo, Punche

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Nicotiana repanda
Fiddleleaf Tobacco, Fiddle-leaf Tobacco

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Nolina texana
Texas Sacahuista, Texas Beargrass, Basket Grass, Sacahuista, Bunchgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Nothocalais cuspidata
Sharppoint Prairie-dandelion, Wavy-leaf Prairie-dandelion, Prairie Dandelion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Nothoscordum bivalve
Crow Poison, Crowpoison, False Garlic

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Nuttallanthus texanus
Texas Toadflax, Texas Toad-flax, Toadflax

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Nyctaginia capitata
Devil's Bouquet, Scarlet Muskflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Oenothera albicaulis
Whitest Evening-primrose, White-stem Evening-primrose, Pale Evening-primrose

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Oenothera canescens
Spotted Evening-primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oenothera cinerea
Woolly Beeblossom, High Plains Beeblossom, Woolly Gaura, High Plains Gaura

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Oenothera curtiflora
Velvetweed, Velvetleaf Gaura, Lizard-tail Gaura, Willow Gaura

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oenothera elata
Hooker's Evening-primrose

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Oenothera elata ssp. hirsutissima
Hooker's Evening-primrose

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oenothera engelmannii
Engelmann's Evening-primrose, Engelmann Evening Primrose

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oenothera grandis
Largeflower Eveningprimrose, Showy Evening-primrose, Showy Eveningprimrose

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oenothera jamesii
River Primrose, Trumpet Evening Primrose, Trumpet Evening-primrose

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Oenothera kunthiana
Kunth's Evening-primrose

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oenothera laciniata
Cutleaf Evening-primrose, Cut-leaved Evening Primrose

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Oenothera macrocarpa
Bigfruit Evening-primrose, Missouri Evening-primrose, Fluttermill, Big-fruit Evening-primrose, Missouri Primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Oenothera macrocarpa ssp. incana
Bigfruit Evening-primrose, Silver Leafâ Primroseâ 

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Oenothera macrocarpa ssp. macrocarpa
Bigfruit Evening-primrose, Fluttermill, Missouri Evening Primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Oenothera pallida
Pale Evening-primrose

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Oenothera pallida ssp. runcinata
White Sands Evening Primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oenothera patriciae
Plains Beeblossom, Plains Gaura

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oenothera rhombipetala
Diamond Petal Primrose, Four-point Evening Primrose, Fourpoint Evening-primrose, Greater Four-point Evening-primrose

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Oenothera sinuosa
Wavyleaf Beeblossom, Wavyleaf Gaura

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oenothera speciosa
Pink Evening Primrose, Showy Evening Primrose, Mexican Evening Primrose, Showy Primrose, Pink Ladies, Buttercups, Pink Buttercups

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Oenothera suffrutescens
Scarlet Beeblossom, Scarlet Gaura

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Oenothera suffulta
Kisses, Wild Honeysuckle, Beeblossom, Roadside Gaura

Duration: Annual
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Oenothera triloba
Stemless Evening-primrose, Stemless Evening Primrose

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Oligoneuron rigidum
Stiff Goldenrod, Hard-leaf Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Oligoneuron rigidum var. rigidum
Stiff Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Ophioglossum engelmannii
Limestone Adder's-tongue, Limestone Adderstongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light:
Water:

Opuntia fragilis
Brittle Prickly Pear, Fragile Prickly Pear, Pygmy Prickly Pear, Brittle Cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Opuntia macrocentra
Purple Pricklypear, Purple Prickly Pear, Long-spined Prickly Pear, Black Spine Prickly Pear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Opuntia macrocentra var. macrocentra
Purple Pricklypear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Opuntia macrorhiza
Bigroot Prickly Pear, Twist-spine Prickly Pear, Common Prickly Pear, Plains Prickly Pear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Opuntia phaeacantha
Tulip Prickly Pear, Brownspine Prickly Pear Cactus, Purple-fruited Prickly Pear, Brown-spined Prickly Pear, New Mexico Prickly Pear, Desert Prickly Pear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Opuntia polyacantha
Plains Prickly Pear, Hair-spine Prickly Pear, Nopal Peludito

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Opuntia polyacantha var. polyacantha
Hairspine Pricklypear, Utah Grizzlybear Pricklypear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Opuntia strigil
Marblefruit Pricklypear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light:
Water:

Orobanche ludoviciana
Louisiana Broomrape

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Orobanche ludoviciana ssp. multiflora
Manyflower Broomrape

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Orobanche uniflora
One-flowered Broomrape, One-flower Cancer Root

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oxalis dichondrifolia
Peonyleaf Woodsorrel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oxalis dillenii
Slender Yellow Wood Sorrel, Yellow Wood Sorrel, Yellow Woodsorrel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oxytropis lambertii
Purple Locoweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Oxytropis sericea
White Locoweed, Silky Locoweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Oxytropis sericea var. sericea
White Locoweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Packera plattensis
Prairie Groundsel, Prairie Ragwort

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Packera tampicana
Yellowtop, Great Plains Ragwort, Butterweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Packera tridenticulata
Threetooth Ragwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Palafoxia callosa
Small Palafox, Small Palafoxia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Palafoxia rosea
Rosy Palafox, Rose Palafoxia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Palafoxia rosea var. macrolepis
Rosy Palafox

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Palafoxia sphacelata
Othake, Sand Palafoxia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Dry

Palafoxia texana
Texas Palafox

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Panicum capillare
Witchgrass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Panicum dichotomiflorum
Fall Panicgrass, Fall Panic Grass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Panicum hallii
Hall's Panicgrass, Hall's Panic Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Panicum obtusum
Vine Mesquite

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Panicum philadelphicum
Philadelphia Panicgrass, Philadelphia Panic Grass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Panicum virgatum
Switchgrass, Wand Panic Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Panicum virgatum var. virgatum
Switchgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Pappophorum bicolor
Pink Pappasgrass, Pink Pappusgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Pappophorum vaginatum
Whiplash Pappusgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Parietaria pensylvanica
Pennsylvania Pellitory, Pennsylvania Cucumber Plant

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Parkinsonia aculeata
Retama, Paloverde, Mexican Paloverde, Jerusalem Thorn, Horsebean, Lluvia De Oro

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Paronychia jamesii
James' Nailwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Parthenium confertum
Gray's Feverfew

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Parthenium incanum
Mariola

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Parthenocissus quinquefolia
Virginia Creeper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Parthenocissus vitacea
Hiedra Creeper, Woodbine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Pascopyrum smithii
Western Wheatgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Paspalum distichum
Knotgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Passiflora foetida
Corona De Cristo, Fetid Passionflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Passiflora foetida var. gossypiifolia
Cottonleaf Passionflower, Corona De Cristo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Pectis angustifolia
Limoncillo, Lemonscent, Crownseed Pectis, Lemon-scented Pectis, Lemonscent Pectis, Lemonweed, Chinchweed, Fetid Marigold

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Pectis angustifolia var. fastigiata
Lemonscent

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pediomelum argophyllum
Silverleaf Indian Breadroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Moist

Pediomelum cuspidatum
Indian-turnip, Largebract Indian Breadroot, Tall Scurfy Pea, Tall-bread Scurf-pea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pediomelum digitatum
Palmleaf Indian Breadroot, Palm-leaf Scurf-pea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pediomelum hypogaeum
Subterranean Indian Breadroot , Edible Scurf-pea, Prairie-potato, Pomme Blanche

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pediomelum hypogaeum var. hypogaeum
Subterranean Indian Breadroot, Indian Breadroot, Edible Scurf-pea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pediomelum linearifolium
Narrowleaf Indian Breadroot, Narrow-leaf Scurf-pea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pediomelum rhombifolium
Gulf Indian Breadroot, Brown-flowered Psoralea, Round-leaf Scurf-pea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pellaea atropurpurea
Purple Cliffbrake

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light:
Water: Dry

Pellaea glabella
Smooth Cliffbrake

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Sun
Water:

Penstemon albidus
White Penstemon, White Beardtongue, Red-line Penstemon, Red-line Beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Penstemon ambiguus
Pink Plains Penstemon, Pink Plains Beardtongue, Gilia Penstemon, Gilia Beardtongue, Sand Penstemon, Sand Beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Penstemon barbatus
Scarlet Bugler, Beard-lip Penstemon, Beard-lip Beardtongue, Red Penstemon, Red Beardtongue, Goldenbeard Penstemon, Goldenbeard Beardtongue, Saint Joseph's Staff, Varita De San Jose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Penstemon buckleyi
Buckley's Penstemon, Buckley's Beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Penstemon cobaea
Prairie Penstemon, Prairie Beardtongue, Foxglove Penstemon, Foxglove Beardtongue, False Foxglove, Large-flowered Penstemon, Large-flowered Beardtongue, Cobaea Penstemon, Cobaea Beardtongue, Wild Foxglove

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Penstemon fendleri
Fendler's Penstemon, Fendler's Beardtongue, Fendler Penstemon, Fendler Beardtongue, Purple Foxglove

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Penstemon jamesii
James's Penstemon, James's Beardtongue, James Penstemon, James Beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Penstemon triflorus
Hill Country Penstemon, Hill Country Beardtongue, Scarlet Penstemon, Scarlet Beardtongue, Heller's Penstemon, Heller's Beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Penstemon triflorus ssp. integrifolius
Heller's Penstemon, Heller's Beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Penthorum sedoides
Ditch Stonecrop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Phacelia congesta
Caterpillars, Blue Curls, Fiddleneck

Duration: Annual, Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Phacelia integrifolia
Gypsum Phacelia, Gyp Blue-curls

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Phacelia popei
Pope's Phacelia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phacelia strictiflora
Prairie Phacelia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phalaris caroliniana
Carolina Canarygrass, Maygrass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Phemeranthus aurantiacus
Orange Flameflower, Flameflower, Fameflower, Talinum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Phemeranthus calycinus
Largeflower Flameflower, Largeflower Fameflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Phemeranthus parviflorus
Sunbright, Dwarf Flameflower, Prairie Flameflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Phlox drummondii
Annual Phlox, Drummond Phlox, Pride-of-Texas, Texas Pride

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Phlox drummondii ssp. mcallisteri
Mcallister's Phlox, Drummond Phlox

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phlox pilosa
Downy Phlox, Prairie Phlox, Fragrant Phlox

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Phlox pilosa ssp. pilosa
Downy Phlox, Fragrant Phlox, Prairie Phlox

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Phoradendron tomentosum
Christmas Mistletoe, Mistletoe, Injerto

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Phragmites australis
Common Reed, Phragmites

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Phyla cuneifolia
Wedgeleaf, Wedgeleaf Frogfruit, Wedgeleaf Fogfruit

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Phyla lanceolata
Lanceleaf Frogfruit, Lanceleaf Fogfruit

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phyla nodiflora
Texas Frogfruit, Turkey Tangle Fogfruit, Frogfruit

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Phyllanthus abnormis
Drummond's Leaf-flower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phyllanthus polygonoides
Smartweed Leaf-flower, Knotweed Leafflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Physalis angulata
Cutleaf Groundcherry

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Physalis cinerascens
Smallflower Groundcherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Physalis cinerascens var. cinerascens
Smallflower Groundcherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Physalis hederifolia
Ivyleaf Groundcherry, Ivy-leaf Groundcherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Physalis longifolia
Longleaf Groundcherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Physalis longifolia var. longifolia
Longleaf Groundcherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Physalis virginiana
Virginia Groundcherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Physostegia virginiana
Fall Obedient Plant, False Dragonhead, Virginia Lions-heart

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Physostegia virginiana ssp. praemorsa
Fall Obedient Plant, False Dragonhead, Lionheart, Obedient Plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Phytolacca americana
American Pokeweed, Great Pokeweed, Pokeweed, Pokeberry, Red Ink Plant, Pigeonberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Picradeniopsis woodhousei
Woodhouse's Bahia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Pilostyles thurberi
Pilostyles, Thurber's Stemsucker

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pinaropappus roseus
White Rocklettuce, White Dandelion, Pink Dandelion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Plantago helleri
Heller's Plantain, Cedar Plantain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Plantago heterophylla
Slender Plantain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Plantago hookeriana
California Plantain, Tallow Weed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Plantago patagonica
Woolly Plantain, Bristle-bract Plantain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Plantago rhodosperma
Redseed Plantain, Red-seeded Plantain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Plantago virginica
Virginia Plantain, Paleseed Indian-wheat, Dwarf Plantain, Paleseed Plantain, Hoary Plantain, Southern Plantain

Duration: Annual, Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Plantago wrightiana
Wright's Plantain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pleuraphis jamesii
James' Galleta

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Pleuraphis mutica
Tobosagrass, Tobosa Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Pluchea odorata
Sweetscent, Saltmarsh Fleabane

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Pluchea odorata var. odorata
Sweetscent, Marsh Fleabane, Southern Marsh Fleabane

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Pluchea sericea
Arrow Weed, Arrowweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Poa arachnifera
Texas Bluegrass, Texas Blue Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Poa pratensis
Kentucky Bluegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Polanisia dodecandra
Redwhisker Clammyweed, Clammyweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polanisia dodecandra ssp. trachysperma
Clammy-weed, Clammyweed, Sandyseed Clammyweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Polygala alba
White Milkwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Polygala lindheimeri
Shrubby Milkwort, Purple Milkwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Polygala lindheimeri var. parvifolia
Shrubby Milkwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Polygala macradenia
Glandleaf Milkwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Polygala ovatifolia
Eggleaf Milkwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Polygonella americana
Southern Jointweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polygonum amphibium
Water Knotweed, Water Smartweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Polygonum amphibium var. emersum
Longroot Smartweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polygonum glabrum
Denseflower Knotweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polygonum hydropiperoides
Swamp Smartweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Polygonum lapathifolium
Curlytop Knotweed, Curl-top Smartweed, Pale Smartweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polygonum pensylvanicum
Pennsylvania Smartweed, Pink Smartweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Polygonum punctatum
Dotted Smartweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Polygonum ramosissimum
Bushy Knotweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polygonum scandens
Climbing False Buckwheat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Polygonum tenue
Pleatleaf Knotweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polypremum procumbens
Juniper Leaf, Rustweed

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pomaria jamesii
James Rush-pea, James' Holdback

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Populus deltoides
Eastern Cottonwood, Carolina Poplar, Necklace Poplar, Alamo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Populus deltoides ssp. deltoides
Eastern Cottonwood, Southern Cottonwood, Carolina Poplar, Eastern Poplar, Necklace Poplar, Alamo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Populus deltoides ssp. monilifera
Plains Cottonwood, Great Plains Cottonwood, Texas Cottonwood, Northern Cottonwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Populus deltoides ssp. wislizeni
Rio Grande Cottonwood, Valley Cottonwood, Wislizenus Cottonwood, Alamo, Guerigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Portulaca halimoides
Silkcotton Purslane

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Portulaca pilosa
Kiss Me Quick, Chisme

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Portulaca umbraticola
Wingpod Purslane, Purslane

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Portulaca umbraticola ssp. umbraticola
Wingpod Purslane

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Potamogeton diversifolius
Waterthread Pondweed, Threadleaf Pondweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Potamogeton foliosus
Leafy Pondweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Potamogeton foliosus ssp. foliosus
Leafy Pondweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Potamogeton illinoensis
Illinois Pondweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Potamogeton nodosus
Knotty Pondweed, Longleaf Pondweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Potamogeton pusillus
Small Pondweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Proboscidea louisianica
Louisiana Devil's-claw, Devil's-claw, Ram's-horn, Unicorn Plant, Proboscis Flower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Proboscidea louisianica ssp. louisianica
Ram's Horn, Devil's Claw, Unicorn Plant, Ram's Horn

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Prosopis glandulosa
Honey Mesquite, Glandular Mesquite, Algarroba

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Prunus angustifolia
Chickasaw Plum, Sandhill Plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Prunus gracilis
Oklahoma Plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Prunus mexicana
Mexican Plum, Bigtree Plum, Inch Plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Prunus rivularis
River Plum, Creek Plum, Hog Plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Prunus virginiana
Chokecherry, Common Chokecherry, Choke Cherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Prunus virginiana var. demissa
Western Chokecherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light:
Water:

Pseudognaphalium stramineum
Cottonbatting Plant

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Psilostrophe gnaphalioides
Dudweed

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Psilostrophe tagetina
Woolly Paperflower, Paperflower

Duration: Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Psilostrophe tagetina var. cerifera
Woolly Paperflower, Plains Paperflower, Hairy Paperflower

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Psoralidium lanceolatum
Lemon Scurfpea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Psoralidium tenuiflorum
Slimflower Scurfpea, Scurfy Pea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ptelea trifoliata
Wafer Ash, Common Hoptree, Hop Tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Ptelea trifoliata ssp. trifoliata
Baldwin Hop-tree, Common Hoptree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Pyrrhopappus grandiflorus
Tuberous Desert-chicory

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pyrrhopappus pauciflorus
Smallflower Desert-chicory, Texas Dandelion, False Dandelion

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Quercus buckleyi
Texas Red Oak, Buckley Oak, Texas Oak, Spanish Oak, Spotted Oak, Rock Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus fusiformis
Escarpment Live Oak, Plateau Live Oak, Hill Country Live Oak, Texas Live Oak, Scrub Live Oak, Plateau Oak, Encino Molino, Tesmoli

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus havardii
Havard Oak, Havard Shin-oak, Shinnery Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus macrocarpa
Bur Oak, Burr Oak, Savanna Oak, Overcup Oak, Prairie Oak, Mossy-cup Oak, Mossy-overcup Oak, Blue Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Quercus mohriana
Mohr Oak, Shin Oak, Scrub Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus sinuata
Bastard Oak, Durand Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Quercus sinuata var. breviloba
White Shin Oak, Bigelow Oak, Scaly-bark Oak, Limestone Durand Oak, Shortlobe Oak, Bastard Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus stellata
Post Oak, Iron Oak, Cross Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quincula lobata
Purple Groundcherry, Chinese Lantern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ranunculus cymbalaria
Alkali Buttercup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Ranunculus longirostris
Longbeak Buttercup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Ranunculus sceleratus
Cursed Buttercup

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Ranunculus sceleratus var. sceleratus
Cursed Buttercup

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ratibida columnifera
Mexican Hat, Red-spike Mexican Hat, Upright Prairie Coneflower, Prairie Coneflower, Long-headed Coneflower, Thimbleflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Rhus aromatica
Fragrant Sumac, Aromatic Sumac, Lemon Sumac, Polecat Bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rhus aromatica var. serotina
Fragrant Sumac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Rhus glabra
Smooth Sumac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Rhus microphylla
Littleleaf Sumac, Desert Sumac, Correosa, Agritos

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Rhus trilobata
Skunkbush, Skunkbush Sumac, Fragrant Sumac, Aromatic Sumac, Scented Sumac, Ill-scented Sumac, Basketbush, Squawbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Rhus trilobata var. pilosissima
Downy Fragrant Sumac, Downy Aromatic Sumac, Pubescent Skunkbush Sumac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Rhus trilobata var. trilobata
Skunkbush Sumac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Rhynchosida physocalyx
Bladderpod Sida, Buffpetal, Beaked Sida

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rhynchospora globularis
Globe Beaksedge

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Ribes aureum
Golden Currant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Ribes aureum var. villosum
Clove Currant, Golden Currant, Buffalo Currant, Missouri Currant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Rivina humilis
Pigeonberry, Rouge Plant, Baby-peppers, Bloodberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Robinia pseudoacacia
Black Locust

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Rorippa palustris
Bog Yellowcress

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rosa arkansana
Prairie Rose, Arkansas Rose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Rosa woodsii
Woods' Rose, Western Wild Rose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Ruellia humilis
Prairie Petunia, Fringeleaf Wild Petunia, Hairy Ruellia, Low Wild Petunia, Low Ruellia, Fringeleaf Ruellia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ruellia metziae
White Ruellia, Metz's Wild Petunia, Metz Wild Petunia, Wild White Petunia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Rumex altissimus
Pale Dock

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rumex hymenosepalus
Canaigre Dock, Canaigre, Desert Rhubarb

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rumex maritimus
Golden Dock

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Rumex spiralis
Winged Dock

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rumex venosus
Veiny Dock, Winged Dock

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Sagittaria calycina
Hooded Arrowhead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sagittaria cuneata
Arumleaf Arrowhead, Narrowleaf Arrowhead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Sagittaria latifolia
Broadleaf Arrowhead, Arrowhead, Duckroot, Duck-potato, Wapato

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Sagittaria longiloba
Longbarb Arrowhead, Flecha De Agua, Long-lobe Arrowhead, Long-barb Arrowhead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Salix amygdaloides
Peachleaf Willow, Peach-leaf Willow, Almond-leaf Willow, Almond Willow, Peach Willow, Southwestern Peach Willow, Wright Willow, Wright Peachleaf Willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Salix exigua
Coyote Willow, Narrow-leaf Willow, Narrowleaf Willow, Sandbar Willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Salix gooddingii
Goodding's Willow, San Joaquin Willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Salix nigra
Black Willow, Gulf Black Willow, Swamp Willow, Sauz

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Salvia azurea
Pitcher Sage, Big Blue Sage, Azure Sage, Giant Blue Sage, Blue Sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Salvia azurea var. grandiflora
Pitcher Sage, Blue Sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Salvia engelmannii
Engelmann's Sage, Engelmann's Salvia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Salvia farinacea
Mealy Blue Sage, Mealy Sage, Mealycup Sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Salvia reflexa
Lanceleaf Sage

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Salvia texana
Texas Sage, Blue Sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Salvia whitehousei
Clustered Sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sambucus nigra
Black Elderberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light:
Water:

Sambucus nigra ssp. canadensis
Common Elderberry, Black Elder, Mexican Elderberry, Common Elder, Elderberry, Tapiro, Sauco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Samolus ebracteatus
Limewater Brookweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Samolus ebracteatus ssp. cuneatus
Limerock Brookweed, Limewater Brookweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Samolus valerandi
Seaside Brookweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Samolus valerandi ssp. parviflorus
Seaside Brookweed, Water Pimpernel, Thin-leaf Brookweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Sanicula canadensis
Canadian Blacksnakeroot, Black Snakeroot

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sapindus saponaria
Wingleaf Soapberry, Soapberry, Wild China Tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Sapindus saponaria var. drummondii
Western Soapberry, Soapberry, Wild China Tree, Wild Chinaberry, Indian Soap Plant, Jaboncillo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Schedonnardus paniculatus
Tumblegrass, Tumble Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Schizachyrium scoparium
Little Bluestem, Popotillo Azul

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Schoenoplectus acutus
Hardstem Bulrush, Tule

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Schoenoplectus acutus var. acutus
Hardstem Bulrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Schoenoplectus pungens
Common Threesquare, Chairmaker's-rush, American Bulrush, Threesquare Bulrush, Sharp Clubrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani
Softstem Bulrush, Soft-stem Club-rush, Great Bulrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Scirpus atrovirens
Green Bulrush, Dark Green Bulrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Scirpus cyperinus
Woolgrass, Cottongrass Bulrush, Marsh Bulrush, Teddybear Paws

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Scleropogon brevifolius
Burrograss

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Scutellaria drummondii
Drummond's Skullcap

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Scutellaria drummondii var. edwardsiana
Drummond's Skullcap

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Scutellaria galericulata
Marsh Skullcap

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Scutellaria lateriflora
Blue Skullcap

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Scutellaria resinosa
Resin-dot Skullcap, Resinous Skullcap, Shrubby Skullcap, Sticky Skullcap

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Scutellaria wrightii
Wright's Skullcap, Bushy Skullcap, Shrubby Skullcap

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Selenia dissecta
Texas Selenia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Selenia jonesii
Jones' Selenia, Jones Selenia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Selinocarpus diffusus
Spreading Moonpod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub, Shrub
Light:
Water:

Senecio flaccidus
Threadleaf Ragwort, Threadleaf Groundsel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Senecio riddellii
Riddell's Ragwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Senegalia greggii
Gregg Acacia, Gregg's Acacia, Gregg Catclaw Acacia, Gregg's Catclaw Acacia, Gregg Catclaw, Gregg's Catclaw, Texas Catclaw Acacia, Texas Catclaw, Long-flowered Catclaw Acacia, Longflower Catclaw Acacia, Long-flowered Catclaw, Longflower Catclaw, Catclaw Acacia, Catclaw, Devil's Claw, Uńa De Gato

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Senegalia roemeriana
Roemer Acacia, Roemer's Acacia, Roundflower Catclaw, Round-flowered Catclaw, Catclaw Acacia, Catclaw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Senna bauhinioides
Twinleaf Senna, Twinleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Senna pumilio
Dwarf Senna

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Senna roemeriana
Twoleaf Senna, Two Leaved Senna

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Sesuvium verrucosum
Verrucose Seapurslane, Western Sea Purslane

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Setaria leucopila
Streambed Bristlegrass, Plains Bristlegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Setaria parviflora
Marsh Bristlegrass, Knotroot Bristlegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Setaria reverchonii
Reverchon's Bristlegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Sibara virginica
Virginia Winged Rockcress

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sida rhombifolia
Cuban Jute

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Sideroxylon lanuginosum
Gum Bumelia, Gum Bully, Woollybucket Bumelia, Woolly Bumelia, Gum Woollybucket, Woolly Buckthorn, Chittamwood, Shittamwood, Gum Elastic, Coma, Black Haw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Sideroxylon lanuginosum ssp. oblongifolium
Gum Bully, Chittamwood, Gum Elastic Tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Silene antirrhina
Sleepy Silene, Sleepy Catchfly

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Simsia calva
Awnless Bush Sunflower, Bush Sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Sisyrinchium angustifolium
Narrowleaf Blue-eyed Grass, Narrow-leaf Blue-eyed-grass, Bermuda Blue-eyed Grass, Blue-eyed Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Sisyrinchium chilense
Sword-leaf Blue-eyed Grass, Swordleaf Blue-eyed Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sisyrinchium montanum
Strict Blue-eyed Grass, Mountain Blue-eyed Grass, Common Blue-eyed Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sisyrinchium montanum var. montanum
Strict Blue-eyed Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solanum americanum
American Black Nightshade

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Solanum carolinense
Carolina Horsenettle, Carolina Horse-nettle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solanum dimidiatum
Western Horsenettle, Western Horse-nettle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solanum elaeagnifolium
Silverleaf Nightshade, Silver-leaf Nightshade, White Horse Nettle, Trompillo, Tomato Weed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Solanum erianthum
Potato Tree, Potatotree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Solanum rostratum
Buffalo Bur, Buffalo Bur Nightshade

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Solanum triquetrum
Texas Nightshade, Hierba Mora

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago canadensis
Canada Goldenrod, Canadian Goldenrod, Tall Goldenrod, Giant Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Solidago canadensis var. gilvocanescens
Shorthair Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Solidago gigantea
Giant Goldenrod, Smooth Goldenrod, Tall Goldenrod, Late Goldenrod, Early Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Solidago missouriensis
Missouri Goldenrod, Prairie Goldenrod, Missouri Basin Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Solidago mollis
Velvety Goldenrod, Velvet Goldenrod, Soft Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Solidago petiolaris
Downy Ragged Goldenrod, Downy Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sophora nuttalliana
Silky Sophora

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sorghastrum nutans
Indiangrass, Yellow Indiangrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Spartina pectinata
Prairie Cordgrass, Freshwater Cordgrass, Sloughgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Spermolepis echinata
Bristly Scaleseed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Spermolepis inermis
Red River Scaleseed, Spreading Scaleseed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sphaeralcea angustifolia
Narrowleaf Globemallow, Copper Globemallow, Copper Mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Sphaeralcea coccinea
Scarlet Globemallow, Caliche Globemallow

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Sphaeralcea fendleri
Fendler's Globemallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Sphaeralcea hastulata
Spear Globemallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Sphenopholis intermedia
Slender Wedgescale

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Sphenopholis obtusata
Prairie Wedgescale

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Spiranthes vernalis
Spring Ladies'-tresses, Spring Lady's Tresses

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Spirodela polyrrhiza
Common Duckmeat, Giant Duckweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sporobolus airoides
Alkali Sacaton, Zacate Alcalino

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Sporobolus compositus
Composite Dropseed, Tall Dropseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Sporobolus compositus var. compositus
Composite Dropseed, Tall Dropseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Sporobolus cryptandrus
Sand Dropseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Sporobolus flexuosus
Mesa Dropseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Sporobolus giganteus
Giant Dropseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Sporobolus pyramidatus
Whorled Dropseed, Target Dropseed, Madagascar Dropseed

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Sporobolus vaginiflorus
Poverty Dropseed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Sporobolus wrightii
Big Sacaton, Sacaton, Alkali Sacaton

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Stenaria nigricans
Bluets, Diamond-flowers

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Stenaria nigricans var. nigricans
Diamondflowers, Narrowleaf Bluets, Baby's Breath, Bluets, Fine-leaf Bluets

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Stenosiphon linifolius
False Gaura

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Stephanomeria pauciflora
Brownplume Wirelettuce, Brown-plume Desert Straw, Fewflower Wirelettuce, Prairie Skeletonplant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Stillingia sylvatica
Queen's-delight

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Stillingia treculiana
Trecul's Toothleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Strophostyles helvola
Trailing Fuzzybean, Amberique-bean, Trailing Wild Bean

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun
Water:

Strophostyles leiosperma
Slickseed Fuzzybean

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Stuckenia pectinata
Sago Pondweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Suaeda calceoliformis
Pursh Seepweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Symphoricarpos occidentalis
Western Snowberry, Wolfberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Symphyotrichum divaricatum
Southern Annual Saltmarsh Aster, Lawn American-aster, White Wood Aster, Saltmarsh Aster, Slender Aster

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Symphyotrichum ericoides
White Heath Aster, Heath Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Symphyotrichum ericoides var. ericoides
White Heath Aster, Heath Aster, White Aster, White Prairie Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Symphyotrichum falcatum
White Prairie Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Symphyotrichum lanceolatum
Whitepanicle Aster, Panicled Aster, Lanceleaf Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Symphyotrichum lanceolatum ssp. hesperium
White Panicle Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Symphyotrichum oblongifolium
Aromatic Aster, Aromatic American Aster, Fall Aster, Wild Blue Aster, Shale Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Symphyotrichum praealtum
Willowleaf Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Symphyotrichum praealtum var. praealtum
Tall Aster, Willowleaf Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Tephrosia virginiana
Goat's Rue, Virginia Tephrosia, Devil's Shoestring

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Tetraclea coulteri
Coulter's Wrinklefruit

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Tetraneuris acaulis
Stemless Four-nerve Daisy, Stemless Hymenoxys, Bitterweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tetraneuris acaulis var. acaulis
Stemless Four-nerve Daisy, Stemless Goldflower, Stemless Rubber Weed, Butte Marigold, Bitterweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Tetraneuris linearifolia
Fineleaf Fournerved Daisy, Slender-leaf Hymenoxys, Bitterweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tetraneuris scaposa
Four-nerve Daisy, Hymenoxys, Stemmy Four-nerve Daisy, Yellow Daisy, Bitterweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Tetraneuris scaposa var. scaposa
Four-nerve Daisy, Hymenoxys, Stemmy Four-nerve Daisy, Bitterweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Teucrium canadense
Canada Germander, American Germander, Canadian Germander, Germander, Hairy Germander, Wood Sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Teucrium canadense var. canadense
Canada Germander

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Teucrium laciniatum
Lacy Germander, Cut-leaf Germander, Dwarf Germander

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Thalictrum dasycarpum
Purple Meadow-rue, Tall Meadow-rue, Meadow Rue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Thamnosma texana
Texas Desert-rue, Dutchman's Breeches, Rue Of The Mountains, Ruda Del Monte

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Thelesperma filifolium
Stiff Greenthread, Greenthread

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Thelesperma filifolium var. intermedium
Stiff Greenthread

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Thelesperma megapotamicum
Hopi Tea Greenthread, Green Threads, Navajo Tea, Cota

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Thelesperma simplicifolium
Slender Greenthread, Navajo Tea, Cota

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Thelypodium wrightii
Wright's Thelypody, Wright Thelypody

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Thymophylla acerosa
Prickly-leaf Dogweed, Texas Dogweed, Shrubby Dogweed, Prickleleaf Dogweed, Prickleaf Dogweed, Fetid Marigold, Scrubby Dogweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Thymophylla pentachaeta
Parralena, Fiveneedle Pricklyleaf, Five-needle Fetid Marigold

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Thymophylla pentachaeta var. pentachaeta
Parralena, Fiveneedle Pricklyleaf, Dogweed, Dyssodia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Thymophylla tenuiloba
Bristleleaf Pricklyleaf

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Thymophylla tenuiloba var. tenuiloba
Bristleleaf Pricklyleaf

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tidestromia lanuginosa
Woolly Tidestromia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tiquilia canescens
Woody Crinklemat, Shrubby Coldenia, Shrubby Tiquilia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Tiquilia canescens var. canescens
Woolly Crinklemat, Woody Crinklemat, Dog's Ear, Oreja De Perro, Rat's Ear Coldenia, Woody Tiquilia, Gray Tiquilia, Gray Coldenia, Shrubby Coldenia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tiquilia greggii
Plumed Crinklemat, Plume Tiquilia, Plume Coldenia, Gregg Coldenia, Hierba Del Cenizo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Tiquilia hispidissima
Hairy Crinklemat, Hairy Coldenia, Hairy Tiquilia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Townsendia exscapa
Stemless Townsend Daisy, Stemless Townsend-daisy, Easter Daisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Toxicodendron radicans
Eastern Poison Ivy, Poison Ivy, Poison Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Vine
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Toxicodendron rydbergii
Western Poison Ivy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Tradescantia occidentalis
Prairie Spiderwort, Western Spiderwort, Spiderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Tradescantia ohiensis
Ohio Spiderwort, Bluejacket

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Tragia betonicifolia
Betonyleaf Noseburn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tragia ramosa
Branched Noseburn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Trichloris crinita
Two-flowered Trichloris, False Rhodes Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Tridens albescens
White Tridens, White Top

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Tridens flavus
Purpletop Tridens, Redtop Tridens, Tall Redtop Tridens, Purpletop, Redtop, Tall Redtop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Tridens muticus
Slim Tridens

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Triodanis holzingeri
Holzinger's Venus' Looking-glass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Triodanis perfoliata
Clasping Venus's Looking-glass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Dry

Triplasis purpurea
Purple Sandgrass, Purple Triplasis

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Tripsacum dactyloides
Eastern Gamagrass, Fakahatchee Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Trisetum interruptum
Prairie False Oat

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Typha domingensis
Southern Cattail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Typha latifolia
Broadleaf Cattail, Common Cattail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Ulmus americana
American Elm, White Elm, Soft Elm, Water Elm, Common Elm

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ungnadia speciosa
Mexican Buckeye, Monilla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Urochloa ciliatissima
Fringed Signalgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Urochloa fusca
Browntop Signalgrass

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Urochloa texana
Texas Signalgrass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Urtica chamaedryoides
Heart-leaf Stinging Nettle, Heart-leaf Nettle, Stinging Nettle

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Utricularia gibba
Humped Bladderwort, Bladderwort, Conespur Bladderpod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Utricularia macrorhiza
Common Bladderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Vachellia constricta
Whitethorn Acacia, White-thorn Acacia, Mescat Acacia, Mescat Wattle, Whitethorn, Vara Prieta, Chaparro Prieto

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Valerianella amarella
Hairy Cornsalad

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Verbena bracteata
Bigbract Verbena, Carpet Vervain, Prostrate Vervain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Verbena canescens
Gray Vervain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Verbena halei
Texas Vervain, Slender Verbena, Texas Verbena, Slender Vervain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Verbena hastata
Swamp Verbena, Blue Verbena, Blue Vervain, Simpler's Joy

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Verbena plicata
Fanleaf Vervain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Verbena stricta
Hoary Verbena, Hoary Vervain, Tall Vervain, Woolly Verbena

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Verbena urticifolia
White Vervain, White Verbena

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Verbesina encelioides
Cowpen Daisy, Golden Crownbeard, Butter Daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Verbesina nana
Dwarf Crownbeard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Vernonia baldwinii
Western Ironweed, Baldwin's Ironweed, Ironweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Vernonia marginata
Plains Ironweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Veronica anagallis-aquatica
Water Speedwell

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Veronica peregrina
American Speedwell, Purslane Speedwell, Neckweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Veronica peregrina ssp. xalapensis
Hairy Purslane Speedwell

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Vicia americana
American Vetch, American Deervetch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun
Water:

Vicia americana ssp. americana
American Vetch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Vicia americana ssp. minor
Mat Vetch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light:
Water:

Vicia ludoviciana
Deer Pea Vetch, Louisiana Vetch

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Vicia ludoviciana ssp. ludoviciana
Deer Pea Vetch, Louisiana Vetch

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Viguiera stenoloba
Skeleton-leaf Goldeneye, Resinbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Viola missouriensis
Missouri Violet

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Viola nephrophylla
Northern Bog Violet, Wanderer Violet, Entire-leaved Prairie Violet, Small Mottled Blue Violet

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Viola sororia
Missouri Violet, Common Blue Violet, Hooded Blue Violet, Florida Violet, Meadow Violet, Confederate Violet, Dooryard Violet, Purple Violet, Woolly Blue Violet, Wood Violet, Hooded Violet

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Vitis acerifolia
Mapleleaf Grape, Panhandle Grape, Bush Grape

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Vitis cinerea var. helleri
Winter Grape, Heller's Grape, Gray-leaf Grape, Smooth-leaf Grape, Sweet Grape, Spanish Grape

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Vitis mustangensis
Mustang Grape

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Vitis vulpina
Frost Grape, Fox Grape

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Vulpia octoflora
Common Sixweeks Grass, Sixweeks Fescue

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Warnockia scutellarioides
Prairie Brazosmint, Prairie Brazoria

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Wolffia columbiana
Columbian Watermeal

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Xanthisma texanum
Texas Sleepy Daisy, Yellow Sleepy Daisy, Star Of Texas

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Xanthisma texanum var. drummondii
Drummond's Sleepy Daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Xanthium strumarium
Rough Cocklebur

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Yucca glauca
Soapweed Yucca, Narrowleaf Yucca, Plains Yucca, Beargrass, Great Plains Yucca

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub, Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Yucca glauca var. glauca
Soapweed Yucca, Narrow-leaf Yucca

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub, Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Yucca reverchonii
San Angelo Yucca

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Yucca thompsoniana
Thompson's Yucca, Thompson Yucca, Beaked Yucca, Big Bend Yucca, Soyate, Palmita, Trans-Pecos Yucca

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Yucca torreyi
Torrey Yucca, Torrey's Yucca, Spanish Bayonet, Spanish Dagger, Old Shag, Palma

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Zannichellia palustris
Horned Pondweed, Horned Poolmat, Horned-pondweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Zephyranthes longifolia
Copper Zephyrlily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Zinnia acerosa
Desert Zinnia, Dwarf Zinnia, Dwarf White Zinnia, Shrubby Zinnia, Southern Zinnia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Zinnia grandiflora
Plains Zinnia, Rocky Mountain Zinnia, Prairie Zinnia, Little Golden Zinnia, Yellow Zinnia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ziziphus obtusifolia
Lotebush, Lote-bush Condalia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ziziphus obtusifolia var. obtusifolia
Lotebush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water: