Arizona/New Mexico Mountains

As its name suggests, this EPA Level III ecoregion lies mostly in Arizona and New Mexico, barely reaching into two Texas counties (Culberson and Hudspeth) in the Guadalupe Mountains. In Texas, this ecoregion lies within the area included in the Texas Parks & Wildlife Department’s Trans-Pecos vegetative region. This collection lists only those taxa found in the Texas portion of the Arizona/New Mexico Mountains ecoregion.


Thumb Species Characteristics

Abronia angustifolia
Purple Sand Verbena, Narrow-leaf Sand-verbena

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Abronia fragrans
Fragrant Sand-verbena, Snowball Sand Verbena, Sweet Sand-verbena, Prairie Snowball, Sand Verbena, Heart's Delight

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Abutilon fruticosum
Indian Mallow, Texas Indian Mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Abutilon parvulum
Dwarf Indian Mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Abutilon wrightii
Wright's Indian Mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Acaciella angustissima
Prairie Acacia, Fern Acacia, Whiteball Acacia, Prairie Wattle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Acaciella angustissima var. chisosiana
Chisos Prairie Acacia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub, Shrub
Light:
Water:

Acalypha phleoides
Shrubby Copperleaf, Three-seeded Mercury

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Acer grandidentatum
Bigtooth Maple, Big-toothed Maple, Uvalde Bigtooth Maple, Southwestern Bigtooth Maple, Canyon Maple, Sabinal Maple, Western Sugar Maple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Achillea millefolium
Common Yarrow, Western Yarrow, Yarrow, Milfoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Achnatherum hymenoides
Indian Ricegrass, Indian Millet, Sandgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Achnatherum lobatum
Lobed Needlegrass, Littleawn Needlegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Acleisanthes longiflora
Angel Trumpets, Angel's Trumpets

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Acourtia nana
Dwarf Desertpeony

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Acourtia wrightii
Brownfoot, Pink Perezia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Adiantum capillus-veneris
Southern Maidenhair Fern, Common Maidenhair Fern, Maidenhair Fern, Venus Hair Fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Agastache pallidiflora
Mountain Giant Hyssop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Agave glomeruliflora
Chisos Agave, Chisos Mountains Century Plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Agave gracilipes
Slimfoot Century Plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Agave lechuguilla
Lechuguilla, Tula Ixtle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Agave parryi
Parry's Agave, Century Plant, Parry Agave

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Agave parryi ssp. neomexicana
Parry's Agave, New Mexico Agave

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Agave parryi ssp. parryi
Century Plant, Mescal, Parry's Agave, Rough Agave

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Ageratina wrightii
White Mistflower, Wright's Snakeroot, White Boneset, White Ageratum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub, Shrub
Light:
Water:

Agrostis exarata
Spike Bentgrass, Spiked Bent, Spike Red Top

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Allenrolfea occidentalis
Iodinebush, Pickleweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Allionia choisyi
Smooth Trailing Four O'Clock, Trailing Four O'Clock, Annual Windmills, Umbrellawort, Garapatilla

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Allionia incarnata
Trailing Windmills, Trailing Four O'Clock, Pink Windmills, Trailing Allionia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Allium cernuum
Nodding Onion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Allium drummondii
Drummond's Onion, Wild Garlic, Drummond Wild Onion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Allium geyeri
Geyer's Onion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Allium kunthii
Kunth's Onion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Allium macropetalum
Largeflower Onion, Large-petal Onion, Desert Onion, Desert Onion Lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Allowissadula holosericea
Chisos Mountain False Indianmallow, Chisos Mtn. False Indian-mallow, Velvet-leaf Mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Aloysia gratissima
Whitebrush, Bee-brush, White-brush, Common Bee-brush, Beebrush, Privet Lippia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Aloysia wrightii
Wright's Beebrush, Wright's Lippia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Amaranthus palmeri
Carelessweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ambrosia confertiflora
Weakleaf Bur Ragweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Amelanchier utahensis
Utah Serviceberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ammoselinum popei
Plains Sandparsley

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Amphiachyris dracunculoides
Prairie Broomweed, Broomweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Amsonia longiflora
Tubular Bluestar, Trumpet Slimpod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Amsonia longiflora var. longiflora
Tubular Bluestar, Trumpet Slimpod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Andropogon gerardii
Big Bluestem, Tall Bluestem, Turkeyfoot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Andropogon glomeratus
Bushy Bluestem, Brushy Bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Anemone tuberosa
Tuber Anemone, Desert Anemone

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Antennaria parvifolia
Small-leaf Pussytoes, Low Everlasting, Nuttall's Pussytoes

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Anulocaulis leiosolenus
Southwestern Ringstem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Aphanostephus ramosissimus
Plains Dozedaisy, Lazy Daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Apocynum cannabinum
Indian Hemp, Prairie Dogbane, Hemp Dogbane, Dogbane

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Apodanthera undulata
Melon Loco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Aquilegia chrysantha
Golden Columbine, Yellow Columbine, Southwestern Yellow Columbine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Aquilegia chrysantha var. chaplinei
Chaplin's Yellow Columbine, Chaplin's Golden Columbine, Chaplin's Columbine, Chapline Columbine, Guadalupe Mountain Columbine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Arbutus xalapensis
Texas Madrone, Madrone, Texas Arbutus, Manzanita, Xoxocote, Amazaquitl

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Arceuthobium douglasii
Douglas Fir Dwarf Mistletoe, Douglas-fir Dwarf Mistletoe

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Arenaria lanuginosa
Spreading Sandwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Argemone chisosensis
Chisos Mountain Prickly Poppy, Pink Prickly Poppy

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Argemone polyanthemos
Annual Pricklepoppy, Bluestem Pricklepoppy, Bluestem Prickly Poppy, Crested Pricklypoppy, Pricklypoppy, Thistle Poppy, White Prickly Poppy, White Pricklypoppy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Argemone squarrosa
Hedgehog Pricklypoppy, Hedgehog Prickly Poppy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Argythamnia humilis
Low Silverbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Argythamnia mercurialina
Tall Silverbush, Tall Wildmercury

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Argythamnia mercurialina var. mercurialina
Tall Silverbush, Tall Wild Mercury, Tall Ditaxis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Argythamnia neomexicana
New Mexico Silverbush

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ariocarpus fissuratus
Chautle Livingrock, Living Rock Cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Aristida purpurea
Purple Threeawn, Purple 3-awn, Purple Three-awn, Red Threeawn

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Aristida purpurea var. nealleyi
Blue Threeawn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Artemisia dracunculus
Tarragon

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Artemisia filifolia
Sand Sagebrush, Silver Sagebrush, Silvery Wormwood, Sand Sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Asclepias asperula
Antelope-horns, Spider Milkweed, Green-flowered Milkweed, Spider Antelope-horns, Antelope Horns

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Asclepias brachystephana
Bract Milkweed, Desert-rose Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Asclepias engelmanniana
Engelmann's Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Asclepias glaucescens
Nodding Milkweed, Bluestem Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Asclepias latifolia
Broadleaf Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Asclepias macrotis
Longhood Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Asclepias oenotheroides
Zizotes Milkweed, Hierba De Zizotes, Side-cluster Milkweed, Longhorn Milkweed, Primrose Milkweed, Lindheimer's Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Asclepias subverticillata
Horsetail Milkweed, Poison Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Asclepias tuberosa
Butterflyweed, Butterfly Weed, Butterfly Milkweed, Orange Milkweed, Pleurisy Root, Chigger Flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Asplenium resiliens
Blackstem Spleenwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light:
Water:

Astragalus albulus
Cibola Milkvetch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Astragalus crassicarpus
Groundplum Milkvetch, Ground Plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Astragalus crassicarpus var. crassicarpus
Groundplum Milkvetch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Astragalus emoryanus
Emory's Milkvetch

Duration: Annual, Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Astragalus lentiginosus
Freckled Milkvetch

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Astragalus missouriensis
Missouri Milkvetch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Astragalus mollissimus
Woolly Locoweed, Purple Locoweed, Woolly Loco, Woolly Milkvetch, Wooly Loco, Wooly Locoweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Astragalus nuttallianus
Nuttall's Milkvetch, Small-flowered Milkvetch

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Astrolepis integerrima
Hybrid Cloakfern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light:
Water:

Astrolepis sinuata
Wavy Scaly Cloakfern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Atriplex canescens
Chamiso, Four-wing Saltbush, Wing-scale

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Atriplex obovata
Mound Saltbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub, Shrub
Light:
Water:

Baccharis havardii
Havard's False Willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Baccharis salicifolia
Mule's Fat, Seep Willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Baccharis salicina
Willow Baccharis, Great Plains False Willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Bahia absinthifolia
Hairyseed Bahia, Hairy-seed False Goldfields, Bahia, Yerba Raton

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Bahia dissecta
Ragleaf Bahia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Bahia pedata
Bluntscale Bahia

Duration: Annual, Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Baileya multiradiata
Desert Marigold, Showy Desert Marigold, Paper Daisy, Desert Baileya

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Berlandiera lyrata
Chocolate Daisy, Chocolate Flower, Lyreleaf Greeneyes, Green-eyed Lyre Leaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Bernardia obovata
Desert Myrtlecroton

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Bidens bigelovii
Bigelow's Beggarticks

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Bidens bigelovii var. bigelovii
Bigelow's Beggarticks

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Blepharoneuron tricholepis
Pine Dropseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Boerhavia coccinea
Scarlet Spiderling

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Boerhavia linearifolia
Narrowleaf Spiderling

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Bothriochloa alta
Tall Beardgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Bothriochloa barbinodis
Pinhole Bluestem, Cane Bluestem, Cane Beardgrass, Feather Bluestem, Plains Beardgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Bothriochloa laguroides
Silver Bluestem, Silver Beardgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Bothriochloa laguroides ssp. torreyana
Silver Beard Grass, Silver Beardgrass, Silver Bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Bouteloua barbata
Sixweeks Grama

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Bouteloua curtipendula
Sideoats Grama, Banderilla, Banderita, Navajita

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Bouteloua eriopoda
Black Grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Bouteloua gracilis
Blue Grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Bouteloua hirsuta
Hairy Grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Bouteloua ramosa
Chino Grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Bouteloua trifida
Red Grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Bouteloua uniflora
Oneflower Grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Bouvardia ternifolia
Scarlet Bouvardia, Firecracker Bush, Trompetilla, Clavillo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Brickellia coulteri
Coulter's Brickellbush, Coulter's Brickellia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Brickellia eupatorioides
False Boneset

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Brickellia grandiflora
Tasselflower Brickellbush, Large-flower Brickelbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Brickellia laciniata
Splitleaf Brickellbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Brickelliastrum fendleri
Fendler's Brickellbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Bromus anomalus
Nodding Brome

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Bromus ciliatus
Fringed Brome

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Bromus lanatipes
Woolly Brome

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Buddleja scordioides
Escobilla Butterflybush, Escobilla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water: Dry

Calylophus hartwegii
Hartweg's Sundrops, Western Primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Calylophus hartwegii ssp. filifolius
Hartweg's Sundrops

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Calylophus hartwegii ssp. pubescens
Hartweg's Sundrops, Grand Prairie Evening Primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Calylophus lavandulifolius
Lavendar-leaf Sundrops, Lavender-leaf Primrose, Lavenderleaf Sundrops

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Calylophus serrulatus
Yellow Sundrops, Yellow Evening Primrose, Plains Evening Primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Campanula rotundifolia
Bluebell Bellflower, Bluebell Of Scotland, Bluebell, Harebell, Witches' Thimble

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Carex hystericina
Bottlebrush Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Carex microdonta
Littletooth Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex planostachys
Cedar Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Carlowrightia linearifolia
Heath Wrightwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Carlowrightia texana
Texas Wrightwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Castilleja integra
Wholeleaf Indian Paintbrush, Squawfeather

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Castilleja integra var. integra
Wholeleaf Indian Paintbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Castilleja lanata
Sierra Woolly Indian Paintbrush, Woolly Paintbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Castilleja rigida
Rigid Indian Paintbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Castilleja sessiliflora
Downy Painted Cup, Downy Paintbrush, Great Plains Paintbrush, Great Plains Indian-paintbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Ceanothus greggii
Desert Ceanothus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Celastrus scandens
American Bittersweet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Celtis laevigata
Sugar Hackberry, Texas Sugarberry, Sugarberry, Southern Hackberry, Lowland Hackberry, Hackberry, Palo Blanco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Celtis laevigata var. reticulata
Netleaf Hackberry, Netleaf Sugar Hackberry, Western Hackberry, Sugar Hackberry, Texas Sugarberry, Palo Blanco, Acibuche

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Cenchrus spinifex
Grass Bur, Coastal Sandbur, Field Sandspur, Southern Sandbur, Spiny Burrgrass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Centaurea americana
American Basket-flower, American Star-thistle, Basket-flower, Star Thistle, Shaving Brush, Basket Flower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Cercocarpus montanus
Alderleaf Mountain Mahogany, Silverleaf Mountain Mahogany, Mountain Mahogany

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Cevallia sinuata
Stinging Serpent, Stinging Cevallia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chaetopappa ericoides
Rose Heath, Rose-heath

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Chaetopappa hersheyi
Guadalupe Leastdaisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaesaracha coniodes
Gray Five Eyes, False Nightshade, Ground Saracha, Prostrate Ground-cherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Chamaesaracha coronopus
Green False Nightshade, Greenleaf Five Eyes

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaesaracha pallida
Pale Five Eyes, False Nightshade, Averett Pale Five Eyes

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Chamaesaracha sordida
Hairy Five Eyes, False Nightshade

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaesaracha villosa
Transpecos Five Eyes, Woolly False Nightshade

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Chamaesyce acuta
Pointed Sandmat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaesyce albomarginata
Whitemargin Sandmat, Rattlesnake-weed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaesyce cinerascens
Ashy Sandmat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaesyce fendleri
Fendler's Sandmat, Fendler's Spurge, Fendler's Carpetweed, Fendler's Euphorb

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaesyce glyptosperma
Ribseed Sandmat, Rib-seeded Sand Mat

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaesyce golondrina
Boquillas Sandmat, Swallow Spurge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaesyce hyssopifolia
Hyssopleaf Sandmat

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaesyce lata
Hoary Sandmat, Hoary Euphorbia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaesyce missurica
Prairie Sandmat, Missouri Spurge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaesyce parryi
Parry's Sandmat

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaesyce prostrata
Prostrate Spurge, Prostrate Sandmat, Ground Spurge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Chamaesyce serpens
Matted Sandmat, Prostrate Spurge, Creeping Spurge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaesyce serrula
Sawtooth Sandmat

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cheilanthes alabamensis
Alabama Lipfern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light:
Water:

Cheilanthes feei
Slender Lipfern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light:
Water:

Cheilanthes horridula
Rough Lipfern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Cheilanthes lindheimeri
Fairy-swords

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light:
Water:

Cheilanthes wrightii
Wright's Lip Fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Chenopodium berlandieri
Pitseed Goosefoot, Lambs Quarters

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chenopodium incanum
Mealy Goosefoot

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Chenopodium leptophyllum
Narrowleaf Goosefoot

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chenopodium pratericola
Desert Goosefoot

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chenopodium simplex
Mapleleaf Goosefoot

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Chilopsis linearis
Desert Willow, Flowering Willow, Willow-leaved Catalpa, Willowleaf Catalpa, Bow Willow, Flor De Mimbre, Mimbre

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Chloracantha spinosa
Spiny Chloracantha, Mexican Devil-weed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chloris cucullata
Hooded Windmill Grass, Hooded Windmillgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Chloris verticillata
Tumble Windmill Grass, Windmillgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Chloris virgata
Feather Fingergrass, Showy Chloris

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Choisya dumosa
Mexican Orange, Starleaf Mexican Orange, Zorrillo, Fragrant Starleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Chrysactinia mexicana
Damianita

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Chrysothamnus baileyi
Bailey's Rabbitbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub, Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Chrysothamnus pulchellus
Southwestern Rabbitbrush, Rubber Rabbit Brush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Cirsium ochrocentrum
Yellowspine Thistle

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cirsium undulatum
Wavyleaf Thistle, Plumed Thistle

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cladium mariscus ssp. jamaicense
Jamaica Swamp Sawgrass, Jamaican Saw-grass, Saw-grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Clematis drummondii
Old Man's Beard, Drummond's Clematis, Texas Virgin's Bower, Goat's Beard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Clematis pitcheri
Purple Leatherflower, Purple Clematis, Leatherflower, Bluebill, Bellflower Clematis, Pitcher's Clematis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cleomella longipes
Chiricahua Mountain Stinkweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cologania angustifolia
Longleaf Cologania

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light:
Water:

Cologania pallida
Pale Cologania

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Commelina erecta
Dayflower, Widow's Tears, White-mouth Dayflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Condalia ericoides
Javelina Bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Conoclinium greggii
Gregg's Mistflower , Palmleaf Thoroughwort, Palm-leaf Mistflower, Palm-leaf Thoroughwort, Purple Palmleaf Mistflower, Purple Palmleaf Eupatorium

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Conopholis alpina var. mexicana
Mexican Cancer-root, Groundcone, Alpine Squawroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Convolvulus equitans
Texas Bindweed, Bindweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Conyza canadensis
Horseweed, Canadian Horseweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Cooperia drummondii
Evening Rain Lily, Evening Star Rain Lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Corallorhiza striata
Hooded Coralroot, Striped Coralroot, Bigelow's Coral Root, Macrae's Coral Root, Madder Stripes

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Coreopsis lanceolata
Lanceleaf Coreopsis, Lance-leaved Coreopsis, Lanceleaf Tickseed, Sand Coreopsis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Corispermum americanum
American Bugseed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Corydalis aurea
Scrambled Eggs, Golden Corydalis

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Dry

Corydalis curvisiliqua
Curvepod, Curvepod Fumewort, Golden Smoke, Scrambled Eggs

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Corydalis curvisiliqua ssp. curvisiliqua
Curvepod Fumewort

Duration: Annual, Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Coryphantha echinus
Rhinoceros Cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light:
Water: Dry

Coryphantha macromeris var. macromeris
Nipple Beehive Cactus, Big Needle Cactus, Big Nipple Cory-cactus, Dona Ana, Long Mamma

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Croton fruticulosus
Bush Croton, Encinilla, Hierba Loca

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Croton lindheimerianus
Threeseed Croton

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Croton pottsii
Leatherweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Croton pottsii var. pottsii
Leatherweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Cryptantha angustifolia
Panamint Cryptantha

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cryptantha mexicana
Mexican Cryptantha

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cryptantha minima
Little Cryptantha

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Cryptantha oblata
Rough Cryptantha

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Cryptantha palmeri
Palmer's Cryptantha

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Cucurbita foetidissima
Stinking Gourd, Buffalo Gourd, Missouri Gourd, Stink Gourd, Wild Gourd

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Cuscuta indecora
Bigseed Alfalfa Dodder, Largeseed Dodder, Pretty Dodder

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light:
Water:

Cuscuta umbellata
Flatglobe Dodder, Santa Fe Dodder

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Cylindropuntia imbricata
Tree Cholla, Walking Stick Cholla, Cholla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light:
Water:

Cylindropuntia imbricata var. imbricata
Cane Cactus, Cholla, Teddy-bear Cholla, Tree Cholla, Walkingstick Cholla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Cylindropuntia kleiniae
Candle Cholla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water:

Cylindropuntia leptocaulis
Tasajillo, Christmas Cactus, Pencil Cactus, Christmas Cholla, Desert Christmas Cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Cynanchum pringlei
Pringle's Swallow-wort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light:
Water:

Cyperus esculentus
Yellow Nutsedge, Chufa Sedge, Yellow Nut-grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cyperus odoratus
Fragrant Flatsedge, Fragrant Sedge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Cyperus retroflexus
Oneflower Flatsedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Cyphomeris gypsophiloides
Red Cyphomeris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Cystopteris bulbifera
Bulblet Bladder Fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Cystopteris utahensis
Utah Bladderfern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light:
Water:

Dalea aurea
Golden Dalea, Golden Prairie Clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dalea bicolor var. argyrea
Silver Prairie Clover, Silver Dalea, Silver Bush Dalea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Dalea candida
White Prairie Clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dalea candida var. oligophylla
Fewleaf White Prairie Clover, White Prairie Clover, Western White Prairie Clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Dalea formosa
Featherplume, Feather Dalea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dalea frutescens
Black Dalea, Black Prairie Clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dalea jamesii
James's Prairie Clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Dalea lachnostachys
Glandleaf Prairie Clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Dalea lanata
Woolly Prairie Clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Dalea nana
Dwarf Prairie Clover, Dwarf Dalea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Dalea nana var. carnescens
Dwarf Prairie Clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Dalea pogonathera
Bearded Prairie Clover, Bearded Dalea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Dalea purpurea
Purple Prairie Clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dalea purpurea var. purpurea
Purple Prairie Clover, Violet Prairie Clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Dalea wrightii
Wright's Prairie Clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Dasylirion leiophyllum
Green Sotol, Smooth-leaved Sotol, Smooth-leaf Sotol, Sotol, Desert Candle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dasylirion wheeleri
Common Sotol, Sotol, Desert Spoon, Desert Candle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dasyochloa pulchella
Fluff Grass, Low Woollygrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Descurainia pinnata
Western Tansymustard, Tansy-mustard

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Desmanthus glandulosus
Glandular Bundleflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Desmanthus illinoensis
Illinois Bundleflower, Bundleflower, Prairie Bundle Flower, Prickleweed, Illinois Desmanthus, Prairie Mimosa

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Desmanthus velutinus
Velvet Bundleflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Desmodium psilophyllum
Beggar's Ticks, Simpleleaf Ticktrefoil, Sticktights, Wright's Tickclover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Dichanthelium acuminatum
Tapered Rosette Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Dichanthelium pedicellatum
Cedar Rosette Grass, Corm-based Panicgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Dichondra argentea
Silver Ponyfoot, Silver Ponysfoot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Dichondra brachypoda
New Mexico Ponysfoot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Dicranocarpus parviflorus
Pitchfork

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Digitaria californica
Arizona Cottontop, California Cottontop, California Crab Grass, Cottontop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Digitaria pubiflora
Carolina Crabgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Dimorphocarpa wislizeni
Touristplant, Spectacle Pod

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Distichlis spicata
Saltgrass, Coastal Salt Grass, Inland Salt-grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Draba cuneifolia
Wedgeleaf Draba, Whitlow-grass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Draba platycarpa
Broadpod Draba, Broad-pod Draba, Broadpod Whitlowgrass, Broadpod Whitlow-grass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Dyssodia papposa
Dogweed, Fetid Marigold

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Echinocactus horizonthalonius
Devilshead, Eagle Claws, Turk's Head, Devil's Head

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Echinocactus horizonthalonius var. horizonthalonius
Devilshead, Turk's Head, Devil's Head, Manca Caballo, Bluebarrel Cactus, Visnaga Meloncillo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light:
Water:

Echinocereus coccineus
Scarlet Hedgehog Cactus, Claret Cup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light:
Water:

Echinocereus coccineus var. coccineus
Scarlet Hedgehog Cactus, Claret Cup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light:
Water:

Echinocereus coccineus var. paucispinus
Scarlet Hedgehog Cactus, Claret Cup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Echinocereus dasyacanthus
Texas Rainbow Cactus, Spiny Hedgehog Cactus, Spiny Hedgehog, Golden Rainbow Hedgehog Cactus, Golden Rainbow Hedgehog, Yellow Pitaya

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Echinocereus fendleri
Pinkflower Hedgehog Cactus, Pink-flower Hedgehog Cactus, Strawberry Cactus, Fendler Hedgehog

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Echinocereus stramineus
Strawberry Hedgehog Cactus, Pitaya

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Echinocereus viridiflorus
Nylon Hedgehog Cactus, Green Pitaya

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Echinocereus viridiflorus var. cylindricus
Green-flowered Hedgehog Cactus, Green-flowered Hedgehog, Nylon Hedgehog Cactus, Nylon Hedgehog

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Echinochloa muricata
American Barnyard Grass, Rough Barnyard Grass, Barnyard Grass, American Cockspur Grass, Wild Millet

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Echinomastus intertextus
White Fishhook Cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Echinomastus warnockii
Warnock's Fishhook Cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Eleocharis montevidensis
Sand Spikerush, Spike Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Eleocharis rostellata
Beaked Spikerush, Leap Frog Spike Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Elymus canadensis
Canada Wild Rye, Canadian Wildrye, Prairie Wildrye, Nodding Wildrye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Elymus elymoides
Squirreltail, Bottlebrush Squirreltail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Elymus elymoides ssp. brevifolius
Squirreltail, Long-leaf Squirrel-tail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Elymus trachycaulus
Slender Wheatgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Elymus trachycaulus ssp. trachycaulus
Slender Wheatgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Encelia scaposa
Onehead Brittlebush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Engelmannia peristenia
Engelmann's Daisy, Engelmann Daisy, Cutleaf Daisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Ephedra antisyphilitica
Mormon Tea, Joint-fir, Clapweed, Popote

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ephedra aspera
Rough Jointfir

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Ephedra torreyana
Torrey's Jointfir, Torrey Joint-fir

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ephedra trifurca
Ephedra, Mormon Tea, Longleaf Jointfir, Jointfir, Longleaf Teabush, Tea Weed, Canutillo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Epipactis gigantea
Stream Orchid, Chatterbox Orchid, Giant Hellebore

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Epithelantha micromeris
Pingpong Ball Cactus, Button Cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Epixiphium wislizeni
Balloonbush, Net-cup Snapdragon Vine, Balloon-sepal Snapdragon Vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Equisetum laevigatum
Smooth Horsetail, Horsetail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Eragrostis intermedia
Plains Lovegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Eragrostis pectinacea
Tufted Lovegrass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eragrostis pectinacea var. pectinacea
Tufted Lovegrass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eriastrum diffusum
Miniature Woollystar

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ericameria nauseosa
Rubber Rabbitbrush, Gray Rabbitbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water: Dry

Ericameria nauseosa ssp. nauseosa
Chamisa, Rabbitbrush, Rubber Rabbitbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Ericameria nauseosa ssp. nauseosa var. glabrata
Rubber Rabbitbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Erigeron bellidiastrum
Western Daisy Fleabane

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Erigeron colomexicanus
Running Fleabane, Sprawling Daisy

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Erigeron divergens
Spreading Fleabane, Branching Fleabane, Fleabane Daisy

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Erigeron flagellaris
Trailing Fleabane

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Erigeron modestus
Plains Fleabane, Prairie Fleabane

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Eriogonum abertianum
Abert's Buckwheat, Abert's Wild Buckwheat

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eriogonum annuum
Annual Buckwheat, Annual Wild Buckwheat, Umbrella Plant

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Eriogonum jamesii
James' Buckwheat, James' Wild Buckwheat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Eriogonum longifolium
Longleaf Buckwheat, Longleaf Wild Buckwheat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eriogonum longifolium var. longifolium
Longleaf Buckwheat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eriogonum wrightii
Wright's Buckwheat, Bastard-sage, Wild Buckwheat, Perennial Buckwheat, Shrubby Buckwheat, Shrubby Bastard-sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Eriogonum wrightii var. wrightii
Wright's Buckwheat, Wright's Bastard-sage, Bastard-sage, Shrubby Buckwheat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Erioneuron pilosum
Hairy Woollygrass, Hairy Tridens

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Erodium texanum
Texas Stork's Bill, Stork's Bill, Pine Needle, Fillaree

Duration: Annual, Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Erysimum capitatum
Sand-dune Wallflower, Western Wallflower, Prairie Rocket

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Escobaria dasyacantha var. dasyacantha
Big Bend Foxtail Cactus, Big Bend Cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light:
Water:

Escobaria tuberculosa
Whitecolumn Foxtail Cactus, Cob Beehive Cactus, White-column Foxtail Cactus, White Star

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light:
Water:

Escobaria vivipara
Spinystar, Common Beehive Cactus, Pincushion Cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light:
Water:

Euphorbia antisyphilitica
Candelilla, Wax Plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Euphorbia brachycera
Horned Spurge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Euphorbia cyathophora
Wild Poinsettia, Poinsettia, Fire On The Mountain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Euphorbia spathulata
Warty Spurge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Evax verna
Spring Pygmycudweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Evax verna var. verna
Spring Pygmycudweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Evolvulus alsinoides
Slender Dwarf Morning-glory

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Evolvulus alsinoides var. angustifolius
Slender Dwarf Morning-glory

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Evolvulus nuttallianus
Shaggy Dwarf Morning-glory, Shaggy Evolvulus, Silky Evolvulus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Fallugia paradoxa
Apache Plume, Ponil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Fendlera rupicola
Cliff Fendlerbush, False Mock-orange

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Fendlera wrightii
Wright's Fendlerbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Flaveria chlorifolia
Clasping Yellowtops

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Flaveria trinervia
Clustered Yellowtops

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Flourensia cernua
American Tarwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Forestiera angustifolia
Narrow-leaf Forestiera, Tanglewood, Desert Olive, Texas Swamp-privet, Panalero

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Forestiera pubescens
Elbow Bush, Stretchberry, Spring Herald, Desert Olive, Tanglewood, Devil's Elbow, Spring Goldenglow, New Mexico Privet, Texas Forsythia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Forestiera pubescens var. pubescens
Stretchberry, Elbowbush, Stretch-berry, Downy Forestiera, Desert Olive, Elbow-bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Fouquieria splendens
Ocotillo, Devil's Walking Stick, Candlewood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Fragaria vesca
Woodland Strawberry, California Strawberry, Wood Strawberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Fragaria vesca ssp. bracteata
Woodland Strawberry, Pacific Strawberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Frangula betulifolia
Beechleaf Frangula, Birchleaf Buckthorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Frankenia jamesii
James' Seaheath

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub, Shrub
Light:
Water:

Frasera speciosa
Elkweed, Monument Plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Fraxinus cuspidata
Fragrant Ash, Flowering Ash

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Fraxinus velutina
Arizona Ash, Velvet Ash, Desert Ash, Leatherleaf Ash, Smooth Ash, Modesto Ash, Toumey Ash, Standley Ash

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Froelichia arizonica
Arizona Snake-cotton, Arizona Snakecotton

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Froelichia gracilis
Slender Snakecotton, Snake-cotton

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Fuirena simplex
Western Umbrella-sedge, Umbrellagrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Funastrum crispum
Wavy-leaf Milkweed Vine, Wavyleaf Twinevine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Funastrum cynanchoides
Fringed Twinevine, Climbing Milkweed Vine, Twine-vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Funastrum cynanchoides ssp. heterophyllum
Hartweg's Twinevine, Vine Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Gaillardia multiceps
Onion Blanketflower, Gyp Indian Blanket

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Gaillardia multiceps var. microcephala
Onion Blanketflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Gaillardia pinnatifida
Red Dome Blanketflower, Yellow Gaillardia, Blanket Flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Gaillardia pulchella
Indian Blanket, Firewheel, Girasol Rojo

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Gaillardia pulchella var. pulchella
Indian Blanket, Firewheel

Duration: Annual, Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Gaillardia suavis
Pincushion Daisy, Fragrant Gaillardia, Rayless Gaillardia, Perfumeballs

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Galium proliferum
Limestone Bedstraw

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Garrya ovata
Eggleaf Silktassel, Mexican Silktassel, Eggleaf Garrya, Zumaque, Cuauchichic, Cuauchichi, Guachichi

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Garrya wrightii
Wright's Silktassel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Gentiana affinis
Pleated Gentian

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Moist

Geranium caespitosum
Pineywoods Geranium

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Gilia stewartii
Stewart's Gilia

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Giliastrum acerosum
Bluebowls, Prickleleaf Gilia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Giliastrum incisum
Splitleaf Gilia, Split-leaf Gilia, Cut-leaf Gilia

Duration: Annual, Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Glandularia bipinnatifida
Prairie Verbena, Purple Prairie Verbena, Dakota Vervain, Dakota Mock Vervain, Moradilla, Alfombrilla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Glandularia bipinnatifida var. ciliata
Davis Mountains Mock Vervain, Dakota Mock Vervain, Wright's Verbena

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Glandularia quandrangulata
Beaked Mock Vervain, Pale Mock Vervain, Chihuahuan Mock Vervain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Glandulicactus uncinatus
Chihuahuan Fishhook Cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light:
Water:

Glandulicactus uncinatus var. wrightii
Chihuahuan Fishhook Cactus, Brown-flowered Hedgehog Cactus, Catclaw Cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light:
Water:

Gleditsia triacanthos
Honey Locust, Common Honey Locust, Thorny Common Honey Locust, Honey Shucks Locust, Sweet Locust, Thorny Locust, Honey Shucks, Sweet Bean Tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Glyceria striata
Fowl Mannagrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Grindelia arizonica
Arizona Gumweed, New Mexican Gumweed, Cutleaf Gumweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Grindelia havardii
Havard's Gumweed

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Grindelia papposa
Spanish Gold, Clasping-leaved Haplopappus, Saw-leaf Daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Grusonia grahamii
Graham's Pricklypear, Graham Dog Cactus, Graham's Club Cholla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Guilleminea densa
Small Matweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Gutierrezia microcephala
Threadleaf Snakeweed, Threadleaf Broomweed, Smallhead Snakeweed, Littlehead Snakeweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Gutierrezia sarothrae
Broom Snakeweed, Kindlingweed, Matchbrush, Texas Snakeweed, Broomweed, Turpentine Weed, Matchweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Gutierrezia sphaerocephala
Roundleaf Snakeweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Gymnosperma glutinosum
Gumhead, Tatalencho

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hedeoma apiculata
Mckittrick's False Pennyroyal

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Hedeoma drummondii
Drummond's False Pennyroyal, Limoncillo, Mock Pennyroyal

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Helenium microcephalum
Smallhead Sneezeweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helianthus annuus
Common Sunflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Helianthus ciliaris
Texas Blueweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helianthus pauciflorus
Stiff Sunflower, Prairie Sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helianthus pauciflorus ssp. subrhomboideus
Stiff Sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Helianthus petiolaris
Prairie Sunflower, Plains Sunflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Heliomeris longifolia
Longleaf False Goldeneye, Southern Goldeneye

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Heliomeris multiflora
Showy Goldeneye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Heliomeris multiflora var. multiflora
Showy False Goldeneye, Showy Goldeneye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Heliotropium convolvulaceum
Fragrant Heliotrope, Phlox Heliotrope

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Heliotropium curassavicum
Salt Heliotrope, Seaside Heliotrope, Quail Plant, Cola De Mico, Cola De Gama

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Heliotropium greggii
Fragrant Heliotrope

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Heliotropium torreyi
Slimleaf Heliotrope

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub, Shrub
Light:
Water:

Hesperostipa comata
Needle And Thread, Needle-and-thread

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Hesperostipa comata ssp. comata
Needle And Thread

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Hesperostipa neomexicana
New Mexico Feathergrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Heteropogon contortus
Tanglehead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Heterosperma pinnatum
Wingpetal

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Heterotheca fulcrata
Rockyscree False Goldenaster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Heterotheca villosa
Hairy False Goldenaster, Hairy Golden-aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Heuchera rubescens
Mountain Alumroot, Pink Alumroot, Red Alumroot, Wild Coralbells

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Hexalectris spicata
Spiked Crested Coralroot, Spiked Crested Coral Root

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hexalectris warnockii
Texas Crested Coralroot, Texas Purple Spike, Texas Crested Coral Root

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hibiscus coulteri
Desert Rosemallow, Desert Rose-mallow, Coulter Hibiscus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Hibiscus denudatus
Paleface, Rock Hibiscus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Hoffmannseggia glauca
Indian Rushpea, Indian Rush-pea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Holodiscus dumosus
Bush Rockspirea, Cream Bush, Glandular Oceanspray, Rockspirea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Hordeum jubatum
Foxtail Barley

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Hordeum jubatum ssp. jubatum
Foxtail Barley, Squirreltail Barley, Skunktail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Hordeum pusillum
Little Barley

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Houstonia acerosa
Needleleaf Bluet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Houstonia humifusa
Matted Bluet

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hybanthus verticillatus
Babyslippers, Nodding Green Violet, Green Violet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Hymenoclea monogyra
Singlewhorl Burrobrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Hymenopappus biennis
Biennial Woollywhite

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hymenopappus flavescens
Yellow Plainsman, Collegeflower

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Hymenoxys odorata
Bitter Rubberweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hymenoxys richardsonii
Pingue Rubberweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Ibervillea tenuisecta
Slimlobe Globeberry, Cutleaf Globe Berry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Ipomoea cardiophylla
Heartleaf Morning-glory

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Ipomoea lindheimeri
Lindheimer's Morning-glory, Blue Morning Glory

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Ipomopsis aggregata
Scarlet Gilia, Scarlet Standing-cypress, Skyrocket, Skunkflower

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ipomopsis longiflora
Flaxflowered Ipomopsis, Pale Trumpets, Paleflower Gilia, White-flower Skyrocket, White-flowered Gilia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Ipomopsis wrightii
Leafy Skyrocket

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Isocoma pluriflora
Jimmyweed, Southern Goldenbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Jatropha dioica
Leatherstem, Leather Stem, Rubber Plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Jatropha dioica var. graminea
Leatherstem, Bloodroot, Sangre De Drago

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Jefea brevifolia
Shortleaf Jefea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub, Shrub
Light:
Water:

Juglans microcarpa
Little Walnut, Texas Walnut, Texas Black Walnut, River Walnut, Nogalito, Nogalillo, Namboca

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Juncus dudleyi
Dudley's Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Juncus interior
Inland Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Juncus interior var. interior
Inland Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Juncus torreyi
Torrey's Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Juniperus deppeana
Alligator Juniper, Checkerbark Juniper, Western Juniper, Oakbark Cedar, Thickbark Cedar, Mountain Cedar, Tascate, Tacate, Tlascal

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Juniperus monosperma
Oneseed Juniper, One-seed Juniper, Cherrystone Juniper, New Mexico Juniper, West Texas Juniper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Juniperus pinchotii
Pinchot's Juniper, Pinchot Juniper, Redberry Juniper, Texas Juniper, Christmasberry Juniper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Juniperus scopulorum
Rocky Mountain Juniper, Rocky Mountain Red Cedar, Mountain Red Cedar, Colorado Red Cedar, Western Red Cedar, River Juniper, Western Juniper, Cedro Rojo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Justicia pilosella
Hairy Tube-tongue, Gregg's Tube-tongue, False Honeysuckle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Justicia warnockii
Warnock's Water-willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Kallstroemia grandiflora
Arizona Poppy, Desert Poppy, Orange Caltrop, Summer Poppy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Kallstroemia parviflora
Warty Caltrop, Small-flowered Carpetweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Koeberlinia spinosa
Crown Of Thorns, Spiny Allthorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Koeleria macrantha
Prairie Junegrass, Junegrass, Prairie Koeler's Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Krameria erecta
Littleleaf Ratany, Range Ratany

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Krameria grayi
White Ratany, Crimson Beak, Chacati, Cosahui

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Krameria lanceolata
Trailing Krameria, Ratany, Crameria, Prairie Sandbur, Trailing Ratany

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Krascheninnikovia lanata
Winterfat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Lactuca graminifolia
Grassleaf Lettuce

Duration: Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lactuca tatarica
Blue Lettuce

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lactuca tatarica var. pulchella
Blue Lettuce

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Laennecia coulteri
Conyza

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Larrea tridentata
Creosote Bush, Greasewood, Hediondilla, Governadora, Guamis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Lathyrus lanszwertii var. leucanthus
Nevada Pea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Lathyrus polymorphus
Manystem Pea, Hoary Vetchling

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Lepidium alyssoides
Mesa Pepperwort, Mesa Pepperweed, Southern Pepperweed

Duration: Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Lepidium lasiocarpum
Shaggyfruit Pepperweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lepidium virginicum
Virginia Peppergrass, Virginia Pepperweed, Peppergrass, Poor Man's Pepper

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Leptochloa dubia
Green Sprangletop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Leptochloa fusca
Malabar Sprangletop

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Leptochloa fusca ssp. fascicularis
Bearded Sprangletop

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Lesquerella fendleri
Fendler's Bladderpod, Popweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Lesquerella gordonii
Gordon's Bladderpod

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Lesquerella purpurea
Rose Bladderpod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lesquerella valida
Strong Bladderpod, Trong Bladderpod

Duration: Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Leucophyllum minus
Big Bend Barometerbush, Big Bend Silverleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Liatris punctata
Dotted Blazing Star, Dotted Gayfeather, Dotted Liatris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lilium philadelphicum
Wood Lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Linum aristatum
Bristle Flax

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Linum berlandieri
Berlandier's Yellow Flax

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Linum berlandieri var. filifolium
Berlandier's Yellow Flax

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Linum imbricatum
Tufted Flax

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Linum lewisii
Wild Blue Flax, Prairie Flax, Lewis Flax, Lewis's Flax

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Linum lewisii var. lewisii
Blue Flax, Prairie Flax

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Linum puberulum
Plains Flax

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Linum rupestre
Rock Flax

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Linum vernale
Chihuahuan Flax, Chihuahua Flax

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lithospermum incisum
Fringed Puccoon, Golden Puccoon, Narrowleaf Puccoon, Narrow-leaved Puccoon, Puccoon, Narrowleaf Gromwell, Fringed Gromwell, Narrowleaf Stoneseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lithospermum mirabile
San Antonio Stoneseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lithospermum multiflorum
Manyflowered Stoneseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lithospermum viride
Green Stoneseed, Green Gromwell

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Lobelia cardinalis
Cardinal Flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Lonicera albiflora
Western White Honeysuckle, White Shrub Honeysuckle, White Bush Honeysuckle, White Limestone Honeysuckle, Texas Honeysuckle, White Honeysuckle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Lonicera arizonica
Arizona Honeysuckle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Lotus plebeius
New Mexico Bird's-foot Trefoil, Pine Deervetch, Longbract Bird's-foot Trefoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lupinus havardii
Big Bend Bluebonnet, Big Bend Lupine, Havard Bluebonnet, Chisos Bluebonnet

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lycium berlandieri
Berlandier's Wolfberry, Wolfberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Lycium torreyi
Torrey Wolfberry, Desert-thorn, Box-thorn, Squawberry, Rabbit-thorn, Tomatillo, Garambullo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lycurus setosus
Bristly Wolfstail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Lygodesmia texana
Texas Skeleton Plant, Texas Skeleton Weed, Skeleton-plant, Purple Dandelion, Flowering Straw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Machaeranthera canescens
Hoary Tansyaster

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Machaeranthera pinnatifida
Lacy Tansyaster, Yellow Spiny Daisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Machaeranthera pinnatifida ssp. pinnatifida
Lacy Tansyaster, Yellow Spiny Daisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Machaeranthera pinnatifida ssp. pinnatifida var. chihuahuana
Chihuahua Tansyaster, Cutleaf Ironplant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Machaeranthera pinnatifida ssp. pinnatifida var. pinnatifida
Lacy Tansyaster, Yellow Spiny Daisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Machaeranthera tanacetifolia
Tahoka Daisy, Tansy-aster, Tansey-leaf Tansy-aster

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Mahonia haematocarpa
Red Barberry, Red Oregon-grape, Algerita

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Mahonia repens
Creeping Barberry, Creeping Oregon-grape

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Mahonia trifoliolata
Agarita, Agarito, Algerita, Laredo Mahonia, Laredo Oregon-grape, Trifoliate Barberry, Wild Currant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Maianthemum racemosum
Feathery False Lily Of The Valley, False Solomon's Seal, Feathery False Solomon's Seal, False Spikenard, Solomon's Plume, Smilacina

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Maianthemum racemosum ssp. amplexicaule
Feathery False Lily Of The Valley, Western False Solomon's Seal, Solomon's Plume, False Spikenard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Malacothrix fendleri
Fendler's Desertdandelion

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Malvella lepidota
Scurfymallow, Malvalla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Malvella leprosa
Alkali Mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Malvella sagittifolia
Arrow-leaf Mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mammillaria heyderi
Little Nipple Cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Mammillaria lasiacantha
Lacespine Nipple Cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Mandevilla macrosiphon
Plateau Rocktrumpet, Longtube Trumpet Flower, Flor De San Juan, Rock Trumpet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Matelea producta
Texas Milkvine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Maurandella antirrhiniflora
Snapdragon Vine , Roving Sailor, Climbing Snapdragon, Little Snapdragon Vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Melampodium leucanthum
Blackfoot Daisy, Rock Daisy, Plains Blackfoot, Arnica

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Melica nitens
Three-flower Melic, Tall Melicgrass, Threeflower Melicgrass, Melicgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Menodora longiflora
Showy Menodora, Twinpod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Menodora scabra
Rough Menodora

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Mentzelia albicaulis
Whitestem Blazingstar

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mentzelia multiflora
Adonis Blazingstar, Prairie Stickleaf, Blazingstar

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mentzelia oligosperma
Stick-leaf, Chickenthief

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Mimosa aculeaticarpa
Catclaw Mimosa

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light:
Water:

Mimosa aculeaticarpa var. biuncifera
Catclaw Mimosa, Cat's-claw Mimosa, Wait-a-bit

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Mimosa borealis
Fragrant Mimosa, Pink Mimosa

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Mimosa texana
Texas Mimosa, Wherry Mimosa

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Mimulus glabratus
Roundleaf Monkeyflower, Yellow Monkeyflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mirabilis linearis
Narrowleaf Four O'Clock

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Mirabilis multiflora
Colorado Four O'Clock

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Mirabilis oxybaphoides
Smooth Spreading Four O'Clock

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mollugo verticillata
Green Carpetweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Monotropa hypopitys
Pinesap

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mortonia scabrella
Rio Grande Saddlebush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Morus microphylla
Texas Mulberry, Littleleaf Mulberry, Mountain Mulberry, Mexican Mulberry, Dwarf Mulberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Muhlenbergia arenacea
Ear Muhly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Muhlenbergia arenicola
Sand Muhly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Muhlenbergia dubia
Pine Muhly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Muhlenbergia emersleyi
Bullgrass, Bull Muhly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Muhlenbergia montana
Mountain Muhly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Muhlenbergia porteri
Bush Muhly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Muhlenbergia spiciformis
Longawn Muhly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Muhlenbergia tenuifolia
Slender Muhly, Slimflower Muhly

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Muhlenbergia torreyi
Ring Muhly, Torrey Muhly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Nama hispidum
Sand Bells, Bristly Nama, Sand-bell

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Nama xylopodum
Yellowseed Fiddleleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Nassella tenuissima
Mexican Feathergrass, Mexican Wiregrass, Finestem Needlegrass, Ponytail Grass, Texas Tussock

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Neolloydia conoidea
Chihuahuan Beehive Cactus, Chihuahuan Beehive, Cone Cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Nerisyrenia camporum
Bicolor Fanmustard, Mesa Greggia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Nerisyrenia linearifolia
White Sands Fanmustard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Nicolletia edwardsii
Edwards' Hole-in-the-sand Plant

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Nicotiana obtusifolia
Desert Tobacco, Little Tobacco, Tabaquillo, Punche

Duration: Annual, Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Nicotiana obtusifolia var. obtusifolia
Desert Tobacco, Little Tobacco, Tabaquillo, Punche

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Nolina erumpens
Foothill Beargrass, Mesa Sacahuista

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Nolina texana
Texas Sacahuista, Texas Beargrass, Basket Grass, Sacahuista, Bunchgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Notholaena standleyi
Star Cloak Fern, Northern Desert Star Cloakfern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Nyctaginia capitata
Devil's Bouquet, Scarlet Muskflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Oenothera albicaulis
Whitest Evening-primrose, White-stem Evening-primrose, Pale Evening-primrose

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Oenothera brachycarpa
Short-fruit Evening-primrose, Shortfruit Evening-primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Oenothera elata
Hooker's Evening-primrose

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Oenothera elata ssp. hirsutissima
Hooker's Evening-primrose

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oenothera pallida
Pale Evening-primrose

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Oenothera pallida ssp. runcinata
White Sands Evening Primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oenothera primiveris
Desert Evening-primrose, Yellow-flower Desert Evening-primrose, Bottle Evening-primrose

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Oenothera suffrutescens
Scarlet Beeblossom, Scarlet Gaura

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Oenothera suffulta
Kisses, Wild Honeysuckle, Beeblossom, Roadside Gaura

Duration: Annual
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Oligomeris linifolia
Lineleaf Whitepuff

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Opuntia engelmannii
Cactus Apple, Prickly Pear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Opuntia engelmannii var. engelmannii
Cactus Apple, Prickly Pear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Opuntia macrocentra
Purple Pricklypear, Purple Prickly Pear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Opuntia macrocentra var. macrocentra
Purple Pricklypear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Opuntia macrorhiza
Bigroot Prickly Pear, Twist-spine Prickly Pear, Common Prickly Pear, Plains Prickly Pear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Opuntia phaeacantha
Tulip Prickly Pear, Brownspine Prickly Pear Cactus, Purple-fruited Prickly Pear, Brown-spined Prickly Pear, New Mexico Prickly Pear, Desert Prickly Pear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Opuntia polyacantha
Plains Prickly Pear, Hair-spine Prickly Pear, Nopal Peludito

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Opuntia polyacantha var. polyacantha
Hairspine Pricklypear, Utah Grizzlybear Pricklypear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Opuntia rufida
Blind Prickly Pear, Blind Pricklypear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Orobanche ludoviciana
Louisiana Broomrape

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Orobanche ludoviciana ssp. multiflora
Manyflower Broomrape

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oxalis drummondii
Drummond's Wood-sorrel, Large-leaf Wood-sorrel, Drummond's Woodsorrel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Packera fendleri
Fendler's Ragwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Packera millelobata
Uinta Ragwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Packera neomexicana var. neomexicana
New Mexico Groundsel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Packera obovata
Golden Groundsel, Roundleaf Groundsel, Roundleaf Ragwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Packera plattensis
Prairie Groundsel, Prairie Ragwort

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Packera tampicana
Yellowtop, Great Plains Ragwort, Butterweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Palafoxia sphacelata
Othake, Sand Palafoxia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Dry

Panicum hallii
Hall's Panicgrass, Hall's Panic Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Panicum hirticaule var. hirticaule
Mexican Panicgrass, Sauwi, Mexican Panic Grass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Panicum obtusum
Vine Mesquite

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Parietaria pensylvanica
Pennsylvania Pellitory, Pennsylvania Cucumber Plant

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Paronychia jamesii
James' Nailwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Parthenium confertum
Gray's Feverfew

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Parthenium incanum
Mariola

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Pascopyrum smithii
Western Wheatgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Paspalum distichum
Knotgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Pectis angustifolia
Limoncillo, Lemonscent, Crownseed Pectis, Lemon-scented Pectis, Lemonscent Pectis, Lemonweed, Chinchweed, Fetid Marigold

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Pectis papposa
Manybristle Cinchweed, Chinchweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Peganum mexicanum
Garbancillo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pellaea atropurpurea
Purple Cliffbrake

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light:
Water: Dry

Pellaea wrightiana
Wright's Cliffbrake Fern, Wright's Cliffbrake

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light:
Water:

Peniocereus greggii
Nightblooming Cereus, Night-blooming Cereus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light:
Water:

Peniocereus greggii var. greggii
Nightblooming Cereus, Night-blooming-cereus, Queen Of The Night

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Penstemon ambiguus
Pink Plains Penstemon, Pink Plains Beardtongue, Gilia Penstemon, Gilia Beardtongue, Sand Penstemon, Sand Beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Penstemon barbatus
Scarlet Bugler, Beard-lip Penstemon, Beard-lip Beardtongue, Red Penstemon, Red Beardtongue, Goldenbeard Penstemon, Goldenbeard Beardtongue, Saint Joseph's Staff, Varita De San Jose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Penstemon cardinalis
Cardinal Penstemon, Cardinal Beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Penstemon fendleri
Fendler's Penstemon, Fendler's Beardtongue, Fendler Penstemon, Fendler Beardtongue, Purple Foxglove

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Penstemon jamesii
James's Penstemon, James's Beardtongue, James Penstemon, James Beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Pericome caudata
Mountain Tail-leaf, Tail-leaf Pericome

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Perityle quinqueflora
Fiveflower Rockdaisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Phacelia coerulea
Skyblue Phacelia, Baby Blue Phacelia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phacelia congesta
Blue Curls, Caterpillars, Fiddleneck

Duration: Annual, Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Phacelia crenulata
Cleft-leaf Wild Heliotrope, Notchleaf Phacelia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phacelia integrifolia
Gypsum Phacelia, Gyp Blue-curls

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Phacelia popei
Pope's Phacelia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phacelia rupestris
Rock Phacelia

Duration: Annual, Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phalaris caroliniana
Carolina Canarygrass, Maygrass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Phanerophlebia auriculata
Eared Veinfern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light:
Water:

Phaseolus acutifolius
Tepary Bean

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light:
Water:

Phemeranthus aurantiacus
Orange Flameflower, Flameflower, Fameflower, Talinum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Philadelphus microphyllus
Littleleaf Mock Orange

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Phlox nana
Santa Fe Phlox, White-eyed Phlox, Canyon Phlox

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phoradendron juniperinum
Juniper Mistletoe

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub, Shrub
Light:
Water:

Phoradendron tomentosum
Christmas Mistletoe, Mistletoe, Injerto

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Phyla cuneifolia
Wedgeleaf, Wedgeleaf Frogfruit, Wedgeleaf Fogfruit

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Phyla nodiflora
Texas Frogfruit, Turkey Tangle Fogfruit, Frogfruit

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Phyllanthus abnormis
Drummond's Leaf-flower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phyllanthus polygonoides
Smartweed Leaf-flower, Knotweed Leafflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Physalis hederifolia
Ivyleaf Groundcherry, Ivy-leaf Groundcherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Physalis heterophylla
Clammy Groundcherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Dry

Physocarpus monogynus
Mountain Ninebark

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Physostegia virginiana
Fall Obedient Plant, False Dragonhead, Virginia Lions-heart

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Physostegia virginiana ssp. praemorsa
Fall Obedient Plant, False Dragonhead, Lionheart, Obedient Plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Picradeniopsis woodhousei
Woodhouse's Bahia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Pinaropappus parvus
Small Rocklettuce

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Pinaropappus roseus
White Rocklettuce, White Dandelion, Pink Dandelion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pinus edulis
Colorado Pinyon Pine, Colorado Pinyon, Pinyon Pine, Pinyon, Two-needle Pine, Two-needle Pinyon, Two-leaf Pinyon, Nut Pine, Pino Dulce

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Pinus ponderosa
Ponderosa Pine, Western Yellow Pine, Pino Blanco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Pinus ponderosa var. scopulorum
Rocky Mountain Ponderosa Pine, Interior Ponderosa Pine, Black Hills Ponderosa Pine, Ponderosa Pine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Pinus strobiformis
Southwestern White Pine, Border White Pine, Mexican White Pine, Border Limber Pine, Limber Pine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Plantago helleri
Heller's Plantain, Cedar Plantain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Plantago patagonica
Woolly Plantain, Bristle-bract Plantain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Plantago rhodosperma
Redseed Plantain, Red-seeded Plantain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pleuraphis mutica
Tobosagrass, Tobosa Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Pluchea sericea
Arrow Weed, Arrowweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Poa bigelovii
Bigelow's Bluegrass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Poa fendleriana
Muttongrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Polanisia uniglandulosa
Mexican Clammyweed, Clammyweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Poliomintha incana
Frosted Mint, Hoary Rosemary-mint, Mintbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Polygala alba
White Milkwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Polygala macradenia
Glandleaf Milkwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Polygala obscura
Velvetseed Milkwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Pomaria jamesii
James Rush-pea, James' Holdback

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Populus deltoides
Eastern Cottonwood, Carolina Poplar, Necklace Poplar, Alamo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Populus deltoides ssp. wislizeni
Rio Grande Cottonwood, Valley Cottonwood, Wislizenus Cottonwood, Alamo, Guerigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Populus tremuloides
Quaking Aspen, Golden Aspen, Trembling Aspen, Mountain Aspen, Aspen, Trembling Poplar, Alamo Blanco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Porophyllum scoparium
Trans-pecos Poreleaf, Poreleaf, Shrubby Poreleaf, Hierba del Venado, Jarilla, Pomerillo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Portulaca halimoides
Silkcotton Purslane

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Portulaca pilosa
Kiss Me Quick, Chisme

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Potamogeton illinoensis
Illinois Pondweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Proboscidea althaeifolia
Desert Unicorn-plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Proboscidea louisianica
Louisiana Devil's-claw, Devil's-claw, Ram's-horn, Unicorn Plant, Proboscis Flower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Proboscidea louisianica ssp. fragrans
Sweet Unicorn Plant, Ram's-horn

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Proboscidea parviflora
Doubleclaw

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Prosopis glandulosa
Honey Mesquite, Glandular Mesquite, Algarroba

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Prosopis pubescens
Screwbean Mesquite, American Screwbean, Tornillo, Screwbean, Screwpod Mesquite, Twisted Bean, Fremont Screwbean

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Prunus havardii
Havard's Plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Prunus murrayana
Murray's Plum, Murray Plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Prunus serotina
Black Cherry, Wild Black Cherry, Rum Cherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Prunus serotina var. virens
Southwestern Black Cherry, Southwestern Chokecherry, Black Cherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Prunus virginiana
Chokecherry, Common Chokecherry, Choke Cherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Prunus virginiana var. demissa
Western Chokecherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light:
Water:

Psathyrotopsis scaposa
Naked Turtleback, Naked Brittlestem

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Pseudognaphalium canescens ssp. canescens
Wright's Cudweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pseudognaphalium stramineum
Cottonbatting Plant

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pseudoroegneria spicata
Bluebunch Wheatgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Pseudostellaria jamesiana
Tuber Starwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pseudotsuga menziesii
Douglas Fir, Blue Douglas Fir

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Pseudotsuga menziesii var. glauca
Rocky Mountain Douglas Fir, Blue Douglas Fir, Inland Douglas Fir, Interior Douglas Fir, Colorado Douglas Fir, Pino Real Colorado

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Psilostrophe gnaphalioides
Dudweed

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Psilostrophe tagetina
Woolly Paperflower, Paperflower

Duration: Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Psilostrophe tagetina var. cerifera
Woolly Paperflower, Plains Paperflower, Hairy Paperflower

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Psoralidium tenuiflorum
Slimflower Scurfpea, Scurfy Pea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Psorothamnus scoparius
Broom Dalea, Broom Smokebush, Broom Pea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Ptelea trifoliata
Wafer Ash, Common Hoptree, Hop Tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Quercus arizonica
Arizona White Oak, Arizona Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus chihuahuensis
Chihuahuan Oak, Felt Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light:
Water:

Quercus emoryi
Emory Oak, Black Oak, Holly Oak, Apache Oak, Desert Live Oak, Western Black Oak, Roble Negro, Bellota

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Quercus gambelii
Gambel Oak, Rocky Mountain White Oak, Utah White Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus grisea
Gray Oak, Scrub Oak, Shin Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus mohriana
Mohr Oak, Shin Oak, Scrub Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus muehlenbergii
Chinkapin Oak, Chinquapin Oak, Chestnut Oak, Yellow Chestnut Oak, Rock Chestnut Oak, Yellow Oak, Rock Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus oblongifolia
Blue Oak, Mexican Blue Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Quercus turbinella
Shrub Live Oak, Sonoran Scrub Oak, Scrub Oak, Turbinella Oak, Turbinella, Encino

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Quincula lobata
Purple Groundcherry, Chinese Lantern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ratibida columnifera
Mexican Hat, Red-spike Mexican Hat, Upright Prairie Coneflower, Prairie Coneflower, Long-headed Coneflower, Thimbleflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Rhus lanceolata
Prairie Flameleaf Sumac, Flameleaf Sumac, Prairie Sumac, Lance-leaf Sumac, Lance-leaved Sumac, Texas Sumac, Tree Sumac, Limestone Sumac, Prairie Shining Sumac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Rhus microphylla
Littleleaf Sumac, Desert Sumac, Correosa, Agritos

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Rhus trilobata
Skunkbush, Skunkbush Sumac, Fragrant Sumac, Aromatic Sumac, Scented Sumac, Ill-scented Sumac, Basketbush, Squawbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Rhus trilobata var. pilosissima
Downy Fragrant Sumac, Downy Aromatic Sumac, Pubescent Skunkbush Sumac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Rhus virens
Evergreen Sumac, Tobacco Sumac, Lambrisco, Lentrisco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Rhynchosia senna
Texas Snoutbean

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light:
Water:

Rhynchosia senna var. texana
Texas Snout-bean, Texas Snoutbean

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Rhynchosida physocalyx
Bladderpod Sida, Buffpetal, Beaked Sida

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ribes mescalerium
Mescalero Currant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Rivina humilis
Pigeonberry, Rouge Plant, Baby-peppers, Bloodberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Robinia neomexicana
New Mexico Locust, Southwestern Locust, Hojalito

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Rosa stellata
Desert Rose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Rosa woodsii
Woods' Rose, Western Wild Rose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Ruellia parryi
Parry's Wild Petunia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Rumex altissimus
Pale Dock

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rumex hymenosepalus
Canaigre Dock, Canaigre, Desert Rhubarb

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rumex maritimus
Golden Dock

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Salix amygdaloides
Peachleaf Willow, Peach-leaf Willow, Almond-leaf Willow, Almond Willow, Peach Willow, Southwestern Peach Willow, Wright Willow, Wright Peachleaf Willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Salix exigua
Coyote Willow, Narrow-leaf Willow, Narrowleaf Willow, Sandbar Willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Salix gooddingii
Goodding's Willow, San Joaquin Willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Salix lasiolepis
Arroyo Willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Salix lasiolepis var. lasiolepis
Arroyo Willow, Tracy Willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Salix nigra
Black Willow, Gulf Black Willow, Swamp Willow, Sauz

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Salvia farinacea
Mealy Blue Sage, Mealy Sage, Mealycup Sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Salvia lycioides
Canyon Sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Salvia pinguifolia
Rock Sage, Greaseleaf Salvia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub, Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Salvia reflexa
Lanceleaf Sage

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Salvia whitehousei
Clustered Sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Samolus ebracteatus
Limewater Brookweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Samolus ebracteatus ssp. cuneatus
Limerock Brookweed, Limewater Brookweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Sapindus saponaria
Wingleaf Soapberry, Soapberry, Wild China Tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Sapindus saponaria var. drummondii
Western Soapberry, Soapberry, Wild China Tree, Wild Chinaberry, Indian Soap Plant, Jaboncillo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Schedonnardus paniculatus
Tumblegrass, Tumble Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Schizachyrium scoparium
Little Bluestem, Popotillo Azul

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Schoenocaulon texanum
Green Lily, Texas Feathershank, Texas Sabadilla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Schoenocrambe linearifolia
Slimleaf Plainsmustard, Mountain Mustard, Hesper Mustard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Schoenoplectus acutus
Hardstem Bulrush, Tule

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Schoenoplectus californicus
California Bulrush, California Club-rush, Giant Bulrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Schoenoplectus pungens
Common Threesquare, Chairmaker's-rush, American Bulrush, Threesquare Bulrush, Sharp Clubrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Scleropogon brevifolius
Burrograss

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Scutellaria drummondii
Drummond's Skullcap

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Scutellaria drummondii var. edwardsiana
Drummond's Skullcap

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sedum wrightii
Wright's Stonecrop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Selaginella lepidophylla
Flower Of Stone

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light:
Water:

Selaginella peruviana
Peruvian Spikemoss

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Selenia dissecta
Texas Selenia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Selinocarpus diffusus
Spreading Moonpod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub, Shrub
Light:
Water:

Selinocarpus parvifolius
Littleleaf Moonpod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Senecio flaccidus
Threadleaf Ragwort, Threadleaf Groundsel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Senecio warnockii
Warnock's Ragwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Senegalia greggii
Gregg Acacia, Gregg's Acacia, Gregg Catclaw Acacia, Gregg's Catclaw Acacia, Gregg Catclaw, Gregg's Catclaw, Texas Catclaw Acacia, Texas Catclaw, Long-flowered Catclaw Acacia, Longflower Catclaw Acacia, Long-flowered Catclaw, Longflower Catclaw, Catclaw Acacia, Catclaw, Devil's Claw, Uña De Gato

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Senna bauhinioides
Twinleaf Senna, Twinleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Senna lindheimeriana
Lindheimer's Senna, Velvet Leaf Senna, Velvetleaf Senna, Velvet-leaf Wild Sensitive-plant, Puppy-dog Ears

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Senna roemeriana
Twoleaf Senna, Two Leaved Senna

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Senna wislizeni
Canyon Senna, Shrubby Senna, Dwarf Senna, Wislizenus's Senna, Wislizenus's Wild Sensitive-plant, Carrozo, Pinacate, Palo Prieto, Pinacatillo, Hojasén, Ejotillo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Sesuvium verrucosum
Verrucose Seapurslane, Western Sea Purslane

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Setaria leucopila
Streambed Bristlegrass, Plains Bristlegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Sicyos microphyllus
Small-leaf Bur Cucumber

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light:
Water:

Silene antirrhina
Sleepy Silene, Sleepy Catchfly

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Silene laciniata
Cardinal Catchfly, Southern Indian Pink, Mexican Campion, Catchfly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Silene laciniata ssp. greggii
Cardinal Catchfly, Mexican Campion, Gregg's Mexican Pink

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Simsia calva
Awnless Bush Sunflower, Bush Sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Sisyrinchium chilense
Sword-leaf Blue-eyed Grass, Swordleaf Blue-eyed Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sisyrinchium demissum
Stiff Blue-eyed Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solanum citrullifolium
Watermelon Nightshade, Melonleaf Nightshade

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solanum elaeagnifolium
Silverleaf Nightshade, Silver-leaf Nightshade, White Horse Nettle, Trompillo, Tomato Weed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Solanum rostratum
Buffalo Bur, Buffalo Bur Nightshade

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Solanum triquetrum
Texas Nightshade, Hierba Mora

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago canadensis
Canada Goldenrod, Canadian Goldenrod, Tall Goldenrod, Giant Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Solidago canadensis var. gilvocanescens
Shorthair Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Solidago velutina
Threenerve Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago wrightii
Wright's Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sophora gypsophila
Guadalupe Mountain Necklacepod, Guadalupe Mountain Laurel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Sophora nuttalliana
Silky Sophora

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sorghastrum nutans
Indiangrass, Yellow Indiangrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Spergularia salina
Salt Sandspurry

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Spermolepis echinata
Bristly Scaleseed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sphaeralcea angustifolia
Narrowleaf Globemallow, Copper Globemallow, Copper Mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Sphaeralcea coccinea
Scarlet Globemallow, Caliche Globemallow

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Sphaeralcea fendleri
Fendler's Globemallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Sphaeralcea hastulata
Spear Globemallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Sphaeralcea leptophylla
Scaly Globemallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Sphenopholis obtusata
Prairie Wedgescale

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Sporobolus airoides
Alkali Sacaton, Zacate Alcalino

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Sporobolus cryptandrus
Sand Dropseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Sporobolus flexuosus
Mesa Dropseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Sporobolus giganteus
Giant Dropseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Sporobolus wrightii
Big Sacaton, Sacaton, Alkali Sacaton

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Stenandrium barbatum
Early Shaggytuft, Shaggy Stenandrium

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Stenaria nigricans
Bluets, Diamond-flowers

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Stenaria nigricans var. nigricans
Diamondflowers, Narrowleaf Bluets, Baby's Breath, Bluets, Fine-leaf Bluets

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Stephanomeria minor var. minor
Narrowleaf Wirelettuce

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Stephanomeria pauciflora
Brownplume Wirelettuce

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Streptanthus carinatus
Lyreleaf Jewelflower, Lyre-leaf Twist-flower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Streptanthus carinatus ssp. carinatus
Lyreleaf Jewelflower

Duration: Annual, Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Streptanthus sparsiflorus
Sparseflower Jewelflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Symphoricarpos longiflorus
Desert Snowberry, Long-flower Snowberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Symphoricarpos oreophilus
Mountain Snowberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Symphoricarpos palmeri
Palmer's Snowberry

Duration: Annual
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Symphyotrichum falcatum
White Prairie Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Symphyotrichum laeve
Smooth Blue Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Synthlipsis greggii
Gregg's Keelpod

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tecoma stans
Yellow Bells, Yellowbells, Esperanza, Yellow Trumpetbush, Yellow Trumpetflower, Trumpetbush, Trumpetflower, Yellow Elder

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Tetraclea coulteri
Coulter's Wrinklefruit

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Tetraneuris linearifolia
Fineleaf Fournerved Daisy, Slender-leaf Hymenoxys, Bitterweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tetraneuris scaposa
Four-nerve Daisy, Hymenoxys, Stemmy Four-nerve Daisy, Yellow Daisy, Bitterweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Tetraneuris scaposa var. scaposa
Four-nerve Daisy, Hymenoxys, Stemmy Four-nerve Daisy, Bitterweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Teucrium cubense
Coast Germander, Small Coastal Germander

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Teucrium laciniatum
Lacy Germander, Cut-leaf Germander, Dwarf Germander

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Thalictrum fendleri
Fendler's Meadow-rue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Thamnosma texana
Texas Desert-rue, Dutchman's Breeches, Rue Of The Mountains, Ruda Del Monte

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Thelesperma filifolium
Stiff Greenthread, Greenthread

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Thelesperma filifolium var. intermedium
Stiff Greenthread

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Thelesperma megapotamicum
Hopi Tea Greenthread, Green Threads, Navajo Tea, Cota

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Thelypodium wrightii
Wright's Thelypody, Wright Thelypody

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Thymophylla acerosa
Prickly-leaf Dogweed, Texas Dogweed, Shrubby Dogweed, Prickleleaf Dogweed, Prickleaf Dogweed, Fetid Marigold, Scrubby Dogweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Thymophylla aurea var. aurea
Manyawn Pricklyleaf

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Thymophylla pentachaeta
Parralena, Fiveneedle Pricklyleaf, Five-needle Fetid Marigold

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Thymophylla pentachaeta var. pentachaeta
Parralena, Fiveneedle Pricklyleaf, Dogweed, Dyssodia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Tidestromia lanuginosa
Woolly Tidestromia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tidestromia suffruticosa
Shrubby Honeysweet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Tiquilia canescens
Woody Crinklemat, Shrubby Coldenia, Shrubby Tiquilia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Tiquilia canescens var. canescens
Woolly Crinklemat, Woody Crinklemat, Dog's Ear, Oreja De Perro, Rat's Ear Coldenia, Woody Tiquilia, Gray Tiquilia, Gray Coldenia, Shrubby Coldenia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tiquilia greggii
Plumed Crinklemat, Plume Tiquilia, Plume Coldenia, Gregg Coldenia, Hierba Del Cenizo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Tiquilia hispidissima
Hairy Crinklemat, Hairy Coldenia, Hairy Tiquilia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Townsendia annua
Annual Townsend Daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tradescantia occidentalis
Prairie Spiderwort, Western Spiderwort, Spiderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Tragia ramosa
Branched Noseburn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Trichloris crinita
Two-flowered Trichloris, False Rhodes Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Tridens albescens
White Tridens, White Top

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Tridens muticus
Slim Tridens

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Triodanis holzingeri
Holzinger's Venus' Looking-glass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Triodanis perfoliata
Clasping Venus's Looking-glass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Dry

Trisetum interruptum
Prairie False Oat

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Trixis californica
American Threefold, Trixis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Typha domingensis
Southern Cattail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ungnadia speciosa
Mexican Buckeye, Monilla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Vachellia constricta
Whitethorn Acacia, White-thorn Acacia, Mescat Acacia, Mescat Wattle, Whitethorn, Vara Prieta, Chaparro Prieto

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Vachellia vernicosa
Viscid Acacia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Valeriana arizonica
Arizona Valerian

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Verbena bracteata
Bigbract Verbena, Carpet Vervain, Prostrate Vervain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Verbena halei
Texas Vervain, Slender Verbena, Texas Verbena, Slender Vervain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Verbena macdougalii
Macdougal Verbena, Hillside Verbena

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Verbena neomexicana
Hillside Vervain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Verbena plicata
Fanleaf Vervain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Verbesina encelioides
Cowpen Daisy, Golden Crownbeard, Butter Daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Verbesina nana
Dwarf Crownbeard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Verbesina oreophila
Mountain Crownbeard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Vernonia marginata
Plains Ironweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Veronica peregrina
American Speedwell, Purslane Speedwell, Neckweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Vicia americana
American Vetch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun
Water:

Vicia ludoviciana
Deer Pea Vetch, Louisiana Vetch

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Vicia ludoviciana ssp. ludoviciana
Deer Pea Vetch, Louisiana Vetch

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Viguiera cordifolia
Heartleaf Goldeneye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Viguiera dentata
Plateau Goldeneye, Sunflower Goldeneye, Toothleaf Goldeneye, Chimalacate

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Viguiera stenoloba
Skeleton-leaf Goldeneye, Resinbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Viola missouriensis
Missouri Violet

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Vitis arizonica
Canyon Grape, Arizona Grape

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Vulpia octoflora
Common Sixweeks Grass, Sixweeks Fescue

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Wislizenia refracta
Jackass Clover, Spectacle Fruit

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Xylorhiza wrightii
Big Bend Woodyaster, Terlingua Aster, Gyp Daisy, Gypsum Daisy, Big Bend Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Yucca baccata
Banana Yucca, Blue Yucca, Fleshy-fruited Yucca, Datil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Yucca elata
Soaptree Yucca, Soaptree, Soapweed Yucca, Palmilla, Palmella, Amole

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Yucca faxoniana
Faxon Yucca, Carneros Yucca, Eve's Needle, Spanish Bayonet, Spanish Dagger, Giant Dagger, Palm Samandoca, Palm Barreta, Palmilla, Palma

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Yucca torreyi
Torrey Yucca, Torrey's Yucca, Spanish Bayonet, Spanish Dagger, Old Shag, Palma

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Zannichellia palustris
Horned Pondweed, Horned Poolmat, Horned-pondweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Zephyranthes longifolia
Copper Zephyrlily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Zigadenus elegans
Mountain Death Camas, White Camas

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Zigadenus elegans ssp. elegans
Mountain Deathcamas

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Zinnia acerosa
Desert Zinnia, Dwarf Zinnia, Dwarf White Zinnia, Shrubby Zinnia, Southern Zinnia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Zinnia grandiflora
Plains Zinnia, Rocky Mountain Zinnia, Prairie Zinnia, Little Golden Zinnia, Yellow Zinnia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ziziphus obtusifolia
Lotebush, Lote-bush Condalia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ziziphus obtusifolia var. obtusifolia
Lotebush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water: