Edible Native Texas Plants

Edible Native Texas Plants on display at the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center. Warning: Before consuming any wild food, be absolutely certain of its proper identity! Many plants have look a like. When in doubt, do not eat it!


Thumb Species Characteristics

Allium canadense
Meadow Garlic, Wild Garlic, Wild Onion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Berlandiera lyrata
Chocolate Daisy, Chocolate Flower, Lyreleaf Greeneyes, Green-eyed Lyre Leaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Capsicum annuum
Chile Pequin, Chile Petin, Bird Pepper, Turkey Pepper , Cayenne Pepper

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Carya illinoinensis
Pecan

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Diospyros texana
Texas Persimmon, Mexican Persimmon, Black Persimmon, Chapote, Chapote Prieto

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Diospyros virginiana
Common Persimmon, Eastern Persimmon, Possumwood, Date Plum, Winter Plum, Jove's Fruit

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ehretia anacua
Anacua, Sugarberry Anacua, Anaqua, Anacahuita, Knockaway, Knackaway, Sandpaper Tree, Manzanita, Manzanillo, Tlalahuacate

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Hedeoma drummondii
Drummond's False Pennyroyal, Limoncillo, Mock Pennyroyal

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Juglans microcarpa
Little Walnut, Texas Walnut, Texas Black Walnut, River Walnut, Nogalito, Nogalillo, Namboca

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Mahonia trifoliolata
Agarita, Agarito, Algerita, Laredo Mahonia, Laredo Oregon-grape, Trifoliate Barberry, Wild Currant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Malpighia glabra
Barbados Cherry, Wild Crapemyrtle, Acerola, Manzanita

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Malus ioensis
Prairie Crabapple, Iowa Crabapple, Western Crabapple, Prairie Crab, Iowa Crab, Western Crab

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Malvaviscus arboreus
Turkscap, Wax Mallow, Bleeding Hearts, Mexican Apple, Manzanita

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Monarda citriodora
Lemon Beebalm, Purple Horsemint, Lemon Mint, Plains Horsemint, Lemon Horsemint, Horsemint, Purple Lemon Mint

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Oenothera speciosa
Pink Evening Primrose, Showy Evening Primrose, Mexican Evening Primrose, Showy Primrose, Pink Ladies, Buttercups, Pink Buttercups

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Opuntia ellisiana
Spineless Prickly Pear, Tigertongue, South Texas Pricklypear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Opuntia engelmannii var. lindheimeri
Texas Prickly Pear, Lindheimer's Prickly Pear, Lindheimer Prickly Pear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Oxalis drummondii
Drummond's Wood-sorrel, Large-leaf Wood-sorrel, Drummond's Woodsorrel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Passiflora foetida
Corona De Cristo, Fetid Passionflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Passiflora incarnata
Maypop, Purple Passionflower, Purple Passion Vine, Apricot Vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Passiflora lutea
Yellow Passionflower, Yellow Passion Vine, Yellow Passion-flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Prunus mexicana
Mexican Plum, Bigtree Plum, Inch Plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Tradescantia gigantea
Giant Spiderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Vitis cinerea var. helleri
Winter Grape, Heller's Grape, Gray-leaf Grape, Smooth-leaf Grape, Sweet Grape, Spanish Grape

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist