Cross Timbers and Prairies

The Cross Timbers and Prairies area in North Central Texas includes the Cross Timbers, Grand Prairie, and North Central Prairies land resource areas. This area represents the southern extension of the Central Lowlands and the western extreme of the Coastal Plains. The wide variances in geologic formations bring about sharp contrasts in topography, soils, and vegetation. Upland soils of both the East and West Cross Timbers are light, slightly acid loamy sands and sandy loams with yellowish brown to red clayey subsoils. Bottomland soils have small, dark, neutral to calcareous clayey areas, and loamy alluvial soils occur along the minor streams. Upland soils are dark, deep to shallow, and stony calcareous clays with subsoils of lighter, limy earths and limestone fragments. Bottomland soils are reddish brown, loamy to clayey calcareous alluvial. The North Central Prairies are interspersed with rapidly drained sandstone and shaley ridges and hills occupied by scrub live oak, juniper, and mesquite. Uplands are brown, sandy loam to silt loam, slightly acid soils over red to gray, neutral to alkaline clayey subsoils. Bottomland soils are brown to dark gray, loamy and clayey, neutral to calcareous, and alluvial.

Scientific Name Common Name Duration Habit Sun Water
Abronia fragrans Fragrant Sand-verbena, Snowball Sand Verbena, Sweet Sand-verbena, Prairie Snowball, Sand Verbena, Heart's Delight Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Abutilon fruticosum Indian Mallow, Texas Indian Mallow Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Acer negundo Box Elder, Box Elder Maple, Ash-leaved Maple, Ashleaf Maple, Red River Maple, Fresno De Guajuco Perennial Tree Sun Moist
Achillea millefolium Common Yarrow, Western Yarrow, Yarrow, Milfoil Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Aesculus glabra var. arguta Ohio Buckeye, White Buckeye, Texas Buckeye Perennial Tree Part-shade Wet, Moist
Aesculus pavia var. pavia Scarlet Buckeye, Red Buckeye, Southern Buckeye, Firecracker Plant Perennial Shrub, Tree Part-shade Moist, Dry
Allium canadense var. canadense Canada Onion, Meadow Garlic, Wild Onion Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Allium canadense var. mobilense Meadow Garlic, Wild Onion Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Allium coryi Yellow-flowered Onion, Yellowflower Onion Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Allium drummondii Drummond's Onion, Wild Garlic, Drummond Wild Onion Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Alophia drummondii Propeller Flower, Purple Pleat-leaf, Pinewoods Lily, Prairie Iris, Pleatleaf Iris Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Aloysia gratissima Whitebrush, Bee-brush, White-brush, Common Bee-brush, Beebrush, Privet Lippia Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Moist
Amblyolepis setigera Huisache Daisy, Butterfly Daisy, Honey Daisy Annual Herb Part-shade Dry
Amorpha canescens Leadplant, Leadplant Amorpha, Prairie Shoestring Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Dry
Amorpha fruticosa Indigo Bush, False Indigo Bush, False Indigo, Desert False Indigo Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Moist
Ampelopsis cordata Heartleaf Peppervine, Heart-leaf Ampelopsis Perennial Vine Part-shade Dry
Amsonia illustris Ozark Bluestar, Showy Blue-star, Missouri Blue Star, Swamp Bluestar Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Andropogon gerardii Big Bluestem, Tall Bluestem, Turkeyfoot Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Moist
Andropogon glomeratus Bushy Bluestem, Brushy Bluestem Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Wet, Moist
Andropogon ternarius Splitbeard Bluestem Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Dry
Andropogon virginicus Broomsedge, Broomsedge Bluestem, Yellowsedge Bluestem, Whiskey Grass, Popotillo Pajon Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Moist
Aphanostephus skirrhobasis Lazy Daisy, Arkansas Lazy Daisy, Arkansas Doze-daisy Annual Herb Sun Dry
Baccharis neglecta False Willow, Jara Dulce, Poverty Weed, Roosevelt Weed Perennial Shrub Part-shade Dry
Bothriochloa barbinodis Pinhole Bluestem, Cane Bluestem, Cane Beardgrass, Feather Bluestem, Plains Beardgrass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Dry
Bouteloua curtipendula Sideoats Grama, Banderilla, Banderita, Navajita Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Bouteloua dactyloides Buffalograss, Buffalo Grass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Dry
Bouteloua gracilis Blue Grama Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Dry
Bouteloua hirsuta Hairy Grama Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Dry
Bouteloua hirsuta var. pectinata Hairy Grama, Tall Grama Perennial Grass/Grass-like
Bouteloua rigidiseta Texas Grama Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Dry
Callirhoe digitata Finger Poppy-mallow, Poppy Mallow, Standing Winecup, Wine Cup, Winecup Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Callirhoe involucrata Winecup, Purple Poppy Mallow Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Calylophus berlandieri ssp. pinifolius Berlandier's Sundrops, Square-bud Primrose, Sundrops, Square-bud Day-primrose Perennial Shrub Part-shade Dry
Calylophus hartwegii Hartweg's Sundrops, Western Primrose Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Camassia scilloides Atlantic Camas, Wild Hyacinth Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Dry
Campsis radicans Trumpet Creeper, Trumpet Vine, Common Trumpet Creeper, Cow Vine, Foxglove Vine, Hellvine, Devil's Shoestring Perennial Vine Sun Moist, Dry
Carex planostachys Cedar Sedge Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Dry
Carya illinoinensis Pecan Perennial Tree Sun Moist
Carya texana Black Hickory, Buckley Hickory, Pignut Hickory Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Castilleja indivisa Texas Indian Paintbrush, Entireleaf Indian Paintbrush, Texas Paintbrush, Indian Paintbrush, Scarlet Paintbrush Annual Herb Sun Dry
Castilleja purpurea Prairie Paintbrush, Downy Indian Paintbrush, Purple Paintbrush, Lemon Paintbrush, Purple Painted Cup Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Ceanothus americanus New Jersey Tea, Redroot Perennial Shrub Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Celtis laevigata Sugar Hackberry, Texas Sugarberry, Sugarberry, Southern Hackberry, Lowland Hackberry, Hackberry, Palo Blanco Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Celtis laevigata var. reticulata Netleaf Hackberry, Netleaf Sugar Hackberry, Western Hackberry, Sugar Hackberry, Texas Sugarberry, Palo Blanco, Acibuche Perennial Tree Part-shade
Centaurea americana American Basket-flower, American Star-thistle, Basket-flower, Star Thistle, Shaving Brush, Basket Flower Annual Herb Part-shade Dry
Centaurium beyrichii Mountain Pink, Meadow Pink, Catchfly, Quinineweed Annual Herb Part-shade Dry
Cephalanthus occidentalis Common Buttonbush, Buttonbush, Button Willow, Honey Bells, Honeybells, Honey Balls, Honeyballs Perennial Shrub Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Cercis canadensis var. texensis Texas Redbud Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Dry
Chamaecrista fasciculata Partridge Pea, Sleepingplant, Sensitive Plant Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Chilopsis linearis Desert Willow, Flowering Willow, Willow-leaved Catalpa, Willowleaf Catalpa, Bow Willow, Flor De Mimbre, Mimbre Perennial Tree Sun Moist, Dry
Chloris cucullata Hooded Windmill Grass, Hooded Windmillgrass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Moist
Chloris virgata Feather Fingergrass, Showy Chloris Annual Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Dry
Cirsium texanum Texas Thistle Biennial Herb Sun Dry
Clematis drummondii Old Man's Beard, Drummond's Clematis, Texas Virgin's Bower, Goat's Beard Perennial Vine Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Clematis pitcheri Purple Leatherflower, Purple Clematis, Leatherflower, Bluebill, Bellflower Clematis, Pitcher's Clematis Perennial Vine Sun, Part-shade Moist
Cocculus carolinus Carolina Snailseed, Carolina Coralbead, Carolina Moonseed, Red Berried Moonseed, Carolina Red Berried Moonseed Perennial Vine Part-shade Moist
Colubrina texensis Texas Hog Plum, Texas Snakewood, Texas Colubrina, Hog Plum Perennial Shrub Part-shade Dry
Condalia hookeri Bluewood Condalia, Brasil, Brasilwood, Bluewood, Logwood, Purple Haw, Capul Negro Perennial Shrub, Tree Part-shade Dry
Cooperia drummondii Evening Rain Lily, Evening Star Rain Lily Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Cooperia pedunculata Hill Country Rain Lily, Prairie Lily, Rain Lily, Flor De Mayo Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Coreopsis lanceolata Lanceleaf Coreopsis, Lance-leaved Coreopsis, Lanceleaf Tickseed, Sand Coreopsis Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Dry
Coreopsis tinctoria Plains Coreopsis, Golden Tickseed, Goldenwave, Calliopsis Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist
Cornus drummondii Roughleaf Dogwood, Drummond's Dogwood, Rough-leaf Dogwood Perennial Tree Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Cornus florida Flowering Dogwood, Virginia Dogwood, Florida Dogwood, White Cornel, Arrowwood, American Boxwood, False Box, St. Peter's Crown, Corona De San Pedro Perennial Tree Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Corydalis aurea Scrambled Eggs, Golden Corydalis Annual Herb Dry
Corydalis curvisiliqua Curvepod, Curvepod Fumewort, Golden Smoke, Scrambled Eggs Annual Herb Part-shade Dry
Crataegus crus-galli Cockspur Hawthorn, Cockspur Thorn, Newcastle Hawthorn, Newcastle Thorn, Hog Apple Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Crataegus reverchonii Reverchon's Hawthorn, Reverchon Hawthorn Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Crataegus viridis Green Hawthorn, Southern Hawthorn Perennial Tree Part-shade Wet
Croton alabamensis var. texensis Texabama Croton, Texas Alabama Croton Perennial Shrub Part-shade Dry
Dalea frutescens Black Dalea, Black Prairie Clover Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Datura wrightii Jimsonweed, Sacred Thorn-apple, Thorn-apple, Angel Trumpet, Sacred Datura Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Delphinium carolinianum ssp. vimineum Carolina Larkspur, Prairie Larkspur Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Desmanthus illinoensis Illinois Bundleflower, Bundleflower, Prairie Bundle Flower, Prickleweed, Illinois Desmanthus, Prairie Mimosa Perennial Shrub Sun Moist
Digitaria californica Arizona Cottontop, California Cottontop, California Crab Grass, Cottontop Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Dry
Diospyros texana Texas Persimmon, Mexican Persimmon, Black Persimmon, Chapote, Chapote Prieto Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Dry
Diospyros virginiana Common Persimmon, Eastern Persimmon, Possumwood, Date Plum, Winter Plum, Jove's Fruit Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Dracopis amplexicaulis Clasping Coneflower, Clasping-leaf Coneflower Annual Herb Part-shade Moist
Echinacea angustifolia Black Samson, Black Samson Echinacea, Narrow-leaf Coneflower Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Elymus canadensis Canada Wild Rye, Canadian Wildrye, Prairie Wildrye, Nodding Wildrye Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Moist
Ephedra antisyphilitica Mormon Tea, Joint-fir, Clapweed, Popote Perennial Shrub Part-shade Dry
Eragrostis intermedia Plains Lovegrass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Dry
Eragrostis spectabilis Purple Lovegrass, Purple Love Grass, Purple Plains Lovegrass, Tumblegrass, Petticoat Climber Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Moist
Eriochloa sericea Texas Cupgrass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Dry
Eriogonum annuum Annual Buckwheat, Annual Wild Buckwheat, Umbrella Plant Annual Herb Sun Dry
Eriogonum multiflorum Wild Buckwheat, Heart-sepal Buckwheat, Heart-sepal Wild Buckwheat Annual Herb Part-shade Dry
Erioneuron pilosum Hairy Woollygrass, Hairy Tridens Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Dry
Eryngium leavenworthii Leavenworth's Eryngo, Eryngo, False Purple Thistle Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist
Eryngium yuccifolium Rattlesnake Master, Button Eryngo, Button Snakeroot, Beargrass, Bear's Grass Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Eupatorium serotinum Lateflowering Thoroughwort, White Boneset, Late Boneset, Late-flowering Boneset Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Euphorbia cyathophora Wild Poinsettia, Poinsettia, Fire On The Mountain Annual Herb Sun Moist
Euphorbia marginata Snow On The Mountain, Snow-on-the-mountain Annual Herb Part-shade Moist
Eysenhardtia texana Texas Kidneywood, Kidneywood, Bee Brush, Vara Dulce, Palo Dulce Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Forestiera pubescens var. pubescens Stretchberry, Elbowbush, Stretch-berry, Downy Forestiera, Desert Olive, Elbow-bush Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Dry
Fraxinus albicans Texas Ash, Mountain Ash Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Fraxinus americana White Ash, American Ash, Cane Ash, Smallseed White Ash, Biltmore White Ash, Biltmore Ash Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Fraxinus pennsylvanica Green Ash, Red Ash, Swamp Ash, River Ash, Water Ash, Darlington Ash Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist, Dry
Funastrum cynanchoides Fringed Twinevine, Climbing Milkweed Vine, Twine-vine Perennial Vine Part-shade Dry
Gaillardia pulchella Indian Blanket, Firewheel, Girasol Rojo Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Gaillardia suavis Pincushion Daisy, Fragrant Gaillardia, Rayless Gaillardia, Perfumeballs Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Geum canadense White Avens Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Glandularia bipinnatifida var. bipinnatifida Prairie Verbena, Purple Prairie Verbena, Dakota Mock Vervain, Dakota Vervain Annual, Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Glandularia canadensis Rose Vervain, Sweet William, Rose Mock Vervain Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Gleditsia triacanthos Honey Locust, Common Honey Locust, Thorny Common Honey Locust, Honey Shucks Locust, Sweet Locust, Thorny Locust, Honey Shucks, Sweet Bean Tree Perennial Tree Part-shade Moist
Hamamelis virginiana Witch-hazel, American Witch-hazel, Common Witch-hazel, Winterbloom, Snapping Hazelnut, Striped Alder, Spotted Alder, Tobacco-wood, Water-witch Perennial Tree Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Helenium amarum Yellow Sneezeweed, Bitterweed, Yellow Bitterweed, Yellowdicks, Slender-leaved Sneezeweed, Fine-leaved Sneezweed, Yellow Dog-fennel Annual Herb Part-shade Dry
Helianthus maximiliani Maximilian Sunflower, Max Sunflower Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Heliotropium curassavicum Salt Heliotrope, Seaside Heliotrope, Quail Plant, Cola De Mico, Cola De Gama Annual Herb Sun Dry
Heliotropium tenellum Pasture Heliotrope, White Heliotrope Annual Herb Sun Dry
Hesperaloe parviflora Red Yucca, Coral Yucca, Red-flowered False Yucca, Redflower False Yucca, Yellow Yucca, Hummingbird Yucca, Samandoque Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun Dry
Hibiscus laevis Halberdleaf Rosemallow, Halberdleaf Hibiscus, Scarlet Rose Mallow, Halberd-leaved Hibiscus, Halberd-leaved Rose-mallow Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Moist
Hilaria belangeri var. belangeri Curly-mesquite Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Dry
Hymenopappus artemisiifolius Oldplainsman, Woolly-white, Old Plainsman Biennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Ibervillea lindheimeri Balsam Gourd, Lindheimer's Globeberry, Globe Berry, Snake-apple, Balsam-apple Perennial Vine Sun Moist
Ilex decidua Possumhaw, Possumhaw Holly, Deciduous Holly, Meadow Holly, Prairie Holly, Swamp Holly, Welk Holly, Deciduous Yaupon, Bearberry, Winterberry Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Moist
Ipomopsis rubra Standing Cypress, Texas Plume, Red Texas Star, Red Gilia Biennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Juglans nigra Black Walnut, Eastern Black Walnut, American Black Walnut Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Moist
Juniperus ashei Ashe Juniper, Ashe's Juniper, Mountain Cedar, Rock Cedar, Post Cedar, Texas Cedar, Brake Cedar, Mexican Juniper, Blueberry Juniper, Ozark White Cedar, Sabino, Enebro Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Justicia americana American Water-willow, Water-willow Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Karwinskia humboldtiana Coyotillo, Humboldt Coyotillo Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Liatris elegans Pink-scale Blazing Star, Pink-scale Gayfeather, Pink-scale Liatris Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Lindheimera texana Texas Yellowstar, Texas Star, Texas Yellow-star, Lindheimer Daisy Annual Herb Sun Dry
Linum berlandieri var. berlandieri Berlandier's Yellow Flax, Yellow Flax, Stiff-stem Flax Annual Herb Sun Dry
Linum hudsonioides Hudson Flax, Texas Flax, Yellow Flax Annual Herb Sun Dry
Lithospermum incisum Fringed Puccoon, Golden Puccoon, Narrowleaf Puccoon, Narrow-leaved Puccoon, Puccoon, Narrowleaf Gromwell, Fringed Gromwell, Narrowleaf Stoneseed Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Lobelia cardinalis Cardinal Flower Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Lonicera albiflora Western White Honeysuckle, White Shrub Honeysuckle, White Bush Honeysuckle, White Limestone Honeysuckle, Texas Honeysuckle, White Honeysuckle Perennial Vine Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Lonicera sempervirens Coral Honeysuckle, Trumpet Honeysuckle, Woodbine Perennial Vine Sun, Part-shade Moist
Lupinus subcarnosus Sandyland Bluebonnet, Texas Bluebonnet Annual Herb Sun
Lupinus texensis Texas Bluebonnet, Bluebonnet, Texas Lupine, Buffalo Clover, Wolf Flower Annual Herb Sun Dry
Marshallia caespitosa Barbara's-buttons, Puffballs, White Barbara's-buttons Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Marsilea vestita Hairy Water-clover, Hairy Waterclover, Hairy Water Clover Perennial Herb, Fern Part-shade Wet
Maurandella antirrhiniflora Snapdragon Vine , Roving Sailor, Climbing Snapdragon, Little Snapdragon Vine Perennial Vine Part-shade Dry
Melampodium leucanthum Blackfoot Daisy, Rock Daisy, Plains Blackfoot, Arnica Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Melica nitens Three-flower Melic, Tall Melicgrass, Threeflower Melicgrass, Melicgrass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Moist, Dry
Mimosa borealis Fragrant Mimosa, Pink Mimosa Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Dry
Monarda citriodora Lemon Beebalm, Purple Horsemint, Lemon Mint, Plains Horsemint, Lemon Horsemint, Horsemint, Purple Lemon Mint Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Monarda punctata Spotted Beebalm, Spotted Horsemint, Horsemint Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Morus microphylla Texas Mulberry, Littleleaf Mulberry, Mountain Mulberry, Mexican Mulberry, Dwarf Mulberry Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Morus rubra Red Mulberry, Moral Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Muhlenbergia lindheimeri Lindheimer's Muhly, Lindheimer Muhly, Big Muhly, Blue Muhly Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Moist, Dry
Muhlenbergia reverchonii Seep Muhly Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Moist, Dry
Nekemias arborea Peppervine Perennial Shrub, Vine Sun, Part-shade Moist
Nemastylis geminiflora Prairie Celestials, Celestials, Prairie Pleatleaf Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Nemophila phacelioides Texas Baby Blue Eyes, Large-flower Baby-blue-eyes, Baby Blue-eyes, Flannel Breeches Annual Herb Part-shade Dry
Nolina texana Texas Sacahuista, Texas Beargrass, Basket Grass, Sacahuista, Bunchgrass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Dry
Nuphar lutea Yellow Pond Lily, Yellow Cow Lily, Cow Lily, Spatter Dock, Wakas Perennial Herb Part-shade Wet
Nuphar lutea ssp. advena Common Spatterdock, Spatterdock, Yellow Cow-lily, Cow-lily, Yellow Pond-lily, Brandy-bottle Perennial Herb Sun Wet
Nuttallanthus texanus Texas Toadflax, Texas Toad-flax, Toadflax Annual Herb Sun Moist
Oenothera macrocarpa Bigfruit Evening-primrose, Missouri Evening-primrose, Fluttermill, Big-fruit Evening-primrose, Missouri Primrose Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Oenothera rhombipetala Diamond Petal Primrose, Four-point Evening Primrose, Fourpoint Evening-primrose, Greater Four-point Evening-primrose Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Oenothera speciosa Pink Evening Primrose, Showy Evening Primrose, Mexican Evening Primrose, Showy Primrose, Pink Ladies, Buttercups, Pink Buttercups Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Onoclea sensibilis Sensitive Fern, Bead Fern, Sympathy Fern Perennial Herb, Fern Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Opuntia engelmannii var. engelmannii Cactus Apple, Prickly Pear Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun Dry
Opuntia macrorhiza Bigroot Prickly Pear, Twist-spine Prickly Pear, Common Prickly Pear, Plains Prickly Pear Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun Dry
Oxalis stricta Common Yellow Oxalis, Yellow Wood-sorrel, Upright Yellow Wood-sorrel, Yellow Woodsorrel Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Palafoxia callosa Small Palafox, Small Palafoxia Annual Herb Sun Dry
Palafoxia rosea Rosy Palafox, Rose Palafoxia Annual Herb Part-shade Dry
Palafoxia sphacelata Othake, Sand Palafoxia Annual Herb Dry
Panicum virgatum Switchgrass, Wand Panic Grass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Parkinsonia aculeata Retama, Paloverde, Mexican Paloverde, Jerusalem Thorn, Horsebean, Lluvia De Oro Perennial Tree Sun Moist, Dry
Parthenocissus quinquefolia Virginia Creeper Perennial Vine Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Paspalum floridanum Florida Paspalum Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Moist
Paspalum plicatulum Brownseed Paspalum, Brownseed Paspale Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Moist
Passiflora incarnata Maypop, Purple Passionflower, Purple Passion Vine, Apricot Vine Perennial Vine Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Passiflora lutea Yellow Passionflower, Yellow Passion Vine, Yellow Passion-flower Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Penstemon cobaea Prairie Penstemon, Prairie Beardtongue, Foxglove Penstemon, Foxglove Beardtongue, False Foxglove, Large-flowered Penstemon, Large-flowered Beardtongue, Cobaea Penstemon, Cobaea Beardtongue, Wild Foxglove Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Penstemon fendleri Fendler's Penstemon, Fendler's Beardtongue, Fendler Penstemon, Fendler Beardtongue, Purple Foxglove Perennial Herb Sun
Penstemon guadalupensis Guadalupe Penstemon, Guadalupe Beardtongue, White Penstemon, White Beardtongue Perennial Herb Part-shade
Penstemon triflorus Hill Country Penstemon, Hill Country Beardtongue, Scarlet Penstemon, Scarlet Beardtongue, Heller's Penstemon, Heller's Beardtongue Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Phacelia congesta Blue Curls, Caterpillars, Fiddleneck Annual, Biennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Phlox drummondii Annual Phlox, Drummond Phlox, Pride-of-Texas, Texas Pride Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Phlox drummondii ssp. mcallisteri Mcallister's Phlox, Drummond Phlox Annual Herb
Phlox pilosa ssp. pilosa Downy Phlox, Fragrant Phlox, Prairie Phlox Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Phlox roemeriana Goldeneye Phlox, Golden-eye Phlox Annual Herb Part-shade Dry
Physostegia angustifolia False Dragon-head, Narrowleaf False Dragonhead Perennial Herb
Physostegia virginiana ssp. praemorsa Fall Obedient Plant, False Dragonhead, Lionheart, Obedient Plant Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Platanus occidentalis American Sycamore, Eastern Sycamore, American Plane Tree, Plane Tree, Buttonwood, Buttonball Tree Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Poa arachnifera Texas Bluegrass, Texas Blue Grass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Moist
Polygala alba White Milkwort Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Populus deltoides Eastern Cottonwood, Carolina Poplar, Necklace Poplar, Alamo Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist, Dry
Populus deltoides ssp. monilifera Plains Cottonwood, Great Plains Cottonwood, Texas Cottonwood, Northern Cottonwood Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Proboscidea louisianica Louisiana Devil's-claw, Devil's-claw, Ram's-horn, Unicorn Plant, Proboscis Flower Annual Herb Sun Dry
Prosopis glandulosa Honey Mesquite, Glandular Mesquite, Algarroba Perennial Tree Sun Dry
Prunus angustifolia Chickasaw Plum, Sandhill Plum Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Dry
Prunus gracilis Oklahoma Plum Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Dry
Prunus mexicana Mexican Plum, Bigtree Plum, Inch Plum Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Prunus munsoniana Munson Plum, Wild Goose Plum Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Prunus rivularis River Plum, Creek Plum, Hog Plum Perennial Shrub Part-shade Moist, Dry
Prunus virginiana Chokecherry, Common Chokecherry, Choke Cherry Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Ptelea trifoliata Wafer Ash, Common Hoptree, Hop Tree Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist, Dry
Pteridium aquilinum var. pseudocaudatum Bracken Fern, Bracken, Western Bracken Fern, Western Bracken Perennial Herb, Fern Shade, Part-shade Dry
Quercus fusiformis Escarpment Live Oak, Plateau Live Oak, Hill Country Live Oak, Texas Live Oak, Scrub Live Oak, Plateau Oak, Encino Molino, Tesmoli Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Dry
Quercus macrocarpa Bur Oak, Burr Oak, Savanna Oak, Overcup Oak, Prairie Oak, Mossy-cup Oak, Mossy-overcup Oak, Blue Oak Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist, Dry
Quercus marilandica Blackjack Oak, Barren Oak, Black Oak, Jack Oak Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Quercus sinuata var. breviloba White Shin Oak, Bigelow Oak, Scaly-bark Oak, Limestone Durand Oak, Shortlobe Oak, Bastard Oak Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Quercus stellata Post Oak, Iron Oak, Cross Oak Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Quercus texana Nuttall Oak, Texas Oak Perennial Tree Part-shade
Ranunculus macranthus Large Buttercup Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Ratibida columnifera Mexican Hat, Red-spike Mexican Hat, Upright Prairie Coneflower, Prairie Coneflower, Long-headed Coneflower, Thimbleflower Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Rhus aromatica Fragrant Sumac, Aromatic Sumac, Lemon Sumac, Polecat Bush Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Rhus glabra Smooth Sumac Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Dry
Rhus lanceolata Prairie Flameleaf Sumac, Flameleaf Sumac, Prairie Sumac, Lance-leaf Sumac, Lance-leaved Sumac, Texas Sumac, Tree Sumac, Limestone Sumac, Prairie Shining Sumac Perennial Tree Sun Dry
Rhus microphylla Littleleaf Sumac, Desert Sumac, Correosa, Agritos Perennial Shrub Part-shade Dry
Rivina humilis Pigeonberry, Rouge Plant, Baby-peppers, Bloodberry Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Rubus trivialis Southern Dewberry, Dewberry Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Rudbeckia hirta Black-eyed Susan, Common Black-eyed Susan, Brown-eyed Susan, Blackeyed Susan Annual Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Ruellia humilis Prairie Petunia, Fringeleaf Wild Petunia, Hairy Ruellia, Low Wild Petunia, Low Ruellia, Fringeleaf Ruellia Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Ruellia nudiflora Violet Ruellia, Common Wild Petunia, Violet Wild Petunia, Wild Petunia, Hierba De La Calentura Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Sabatia campestris Texas Star, Rose Gentian, Meadow Pink, Prairie Rose-gentian, Prairie Sabatia Annual Herb Part-shade Dry
Sagittaria latifolia Broadleaf Arrowhead, Arrowhead, Duckroot, Duck-potato, Wapato Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Wet
Sagittaria platyphylla Delta Arrowhead Perennial Herb Part-shade Wet
Salvia azurea Pitcher Sage, Big Blue Sage, Azure Sage, Giant Blue Sage, Blue Sage Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Salvia engelmannii Engelmann's Sage, Engelmann's Salvia Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Salvia farinacea Mealy Blue Sage, Mealy Sage, Mealycup Sage Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Salvia greggii Autumn Sage, Cherry Sage, Gregg Salvia Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Salvia lyrata Lyreleaf Sage, Cancer Weed Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Salvia roemeriana Cedar Sage Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Salvia texana Texas Sage, Blue Sage Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Sassafras albidum Sassafras, White Sassafras, Ague Tree, Cinnamon Wood, Mitten Tree, Saloop, Smelling Stick Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Schizachyrium scoparium Little Bluestem, Popotillo Azul Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Dry
Scutellaria resinosa Resin-dot Skullcap, Resinous Skullcap, Shrubby Skullcap, Sticky Skullcap Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Senegalia greggii Gregg Acacia, Gregg's Acacia, Gregg Catclaw Acacia, Gregg's Catclaw Acacia, Gregg Catclaw, Gregg's Catclaw, Texas Catclaw Acacia, Texas Catclaw, Long-flowered Catclaw Acacia, Longflower Catclaw Acacia, Long-flowered Catclaw, Longflower Catclaw, Catclaw Acacia, Catclaw, Devil's Claw, Uņa De Gato Perennial Tree Sun Dry
Senegalia wrightii Wright Acacia, Wright's Acacia, Catclaw Acacia, Catclaw Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Dry
Setaria parviflora Marsh Bristlegrass, Knotroot Bristlegrass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Moist
Silphium albiflorum White Rosinweed, White-flowered Rosinweed, Compass Plant Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Sisyrinchium langloisii Roadside Blue-eyed Grass, Dotted Blue-eyed Grass, Southern Blue-eyed Grass Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Sisyrinchium sagittiferum Spearbract Blue-eyed Grass, Blue-eyed Grass Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Solanum elaeagnifolium Silverleaf Nightshade, Silver-leaf Nightshade, White Horse Nettle, Trompillo, Tomato Weed Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Solidago altissima Tall Goldenrod, Late Goldenrod, Canadian Goldenrod, Canada Goldenrod Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist
Solidago canadensis Canada Goldenrod, Canadian Goldenrod, Tall Goldenrod, Giant Goldenrod Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Sophora secundiflora Texas Mountain Laurel, Mountain Laurel, Mescal Bean, Mescal Bean Sophora, Frijolillo, Frijolito Perennial Shrub, Tree Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Sorghastrum nutans Indiangrass, Yellow Indiangrass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Sphaeralcea angustifolia Narrowleaf Globemallow, Copper Globemallow, Copper Mallow Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Sporobolus compositus var. compositus Composite Dropseed, Tall Dropseed Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Moist
Sporobolus cryptandrus Sand Dropseed Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Dry
Styphnolobium affine Eve's Necklace, Eve's Necklacepod, Texas Sophora, Pink Sophora, Necklace Tree Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Symphyotrichum subulatum Eastern Annual Saltmarsh Aster, Baby's Breath Aster, Annual Aster, Blackland Aster, Hierba Del Marrano Annual Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist
Tetraneuris scaposa Four-nerve Daisy, Hymenoxys, Stemmy Four-nerve Daisy, Yellow Daisy, Bitterweed Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Thelesperma filifolium var. filifolium Stiff Greenthread, Showy Navajo Tea, Greenthread Annual, Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Tradescantia gigantea Giant Spiderwort Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist
Tradescantia occidentalis Prairie Spiderwort, Western Spiderwort, Spiderwort Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Tradescantia ohiensis Ohio Spiderwort, Bluejacket Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Tridens albescens White Tridens, White Top Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Moist
Tridens flavus Purpletop Tridens, Redtop Tridens, Tall Redtop Tridens, Purpletop, Redtop, Tall Redtop Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Dry
Tridens muticus var. elongatus Slim Tridens Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Dry
Triodanis perfoliata Clasping Venus's Looking-glass Annual Herb Shade Dry
Triplasis purpurea Purple Sandgrass, Purple Triplasis Annual Grass/Grass-like Sun Dry
Tripsacum dactyloides Eastern Gamagrass, Fakahatchee Grass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Moist
Ulmus alata Winged Elm, Wahoo Elm, Cork Elm, Witch Elm Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Ulmus americana American Elm, White Elm, Soft Elm, Water Elm, Common Elm Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Moist
Ulmus crassifolia Cedar Elm, Fall Elm, Basket Elm, Scrub Elm, Lime Elm, Texas Elm, Southern Rock Elm, Olmo Perennial Tree Part-shade Moist
Ungnadia speciosa Mexican Buckeye, Monilla Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Dry
Vachellia farnesiana Huisache, Texas Huisache, Sweet Acacia, Perfume Acacia, Mealy Acacia, Mealy Wattle, Cassie Perennial Tree Sun Dry
Verbena halei Texas Vervain, Slender Verbena, Texas Verbena, Slender Vervain Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Verbesina virginica Frostweed, White Crownbeard, Iceplant, Iceweed, Virginia Crownbeard, Indian Tobacco, Richweed, Squawweed Biennial, Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Vernonia lindheimeri Woolly Ironweed Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Viburnum rufidulum Rusty Blackhaw Viburnum, Rusty Blackhaw, Southern Blackhaw, Blackhaw, Bluehaw, Downy Viburnum, Southern Nannyberry, Rusty Nannyberry, Nannyberry Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Viguiera dentata Plateau Goldeneye, Sunflower Goldeneye, Toothleaf Goldeneye, Chimalacate Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Vitis cinerea var. helleri Winter Grape, Heller's Grape, Gray-leaf Grape, Smooth-leaf Grape, Sweet Grape, Spanish Grape Perennial Vine Part-shade Moist
Vitis mustangensis Mustang Grape Perennial Vine Part-shade Dry
Woodwardia virginica Virginia Chainfern, Virginia Chain Fern Perennial Herb, Fern Part-shade Wet, Moist
Yucca arkansana Arkansas Yucca, Softleaf Yucca Perennial Cactus/Succulent Part-shade Dry
Yucca constricta Buckley Yucca, Buckley's Yucca Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Yucca glauca var. glauca Soapweed Yucca, Narrow-leaf Yucca Perennial Herb, Subshrub, Shrub Part-shade Dry
Yucca treculeana Spanish Dagger, Spanish Bayonet, Don Quixote's Lance, Palma Pita, Palma De Datil, Palmito Perennial Cactus/Succulent Part-shade Dry
Zanthoxylum clava-herculis Hercules Club, Pepperbark, Toothache Tree, Tickle Tongue, Prickly Ash Perennial Tree Sun Dry
Ziziphus obtusifolia Lotebush, Lote-bush Condalia Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry