South Dakota Recommended

Commercially available native plant species suitable for planned landscapes in South Dakota. Visit our Suppliers Directory to locate businesses that sell native plants or seeds or provide professional landscape or consulting services in this state. Visit the Organizations Directory to locate native plant societies, conservation groups, governmental agencies, botanical gardens, arboreta, and other plant-related organizations in this state.


Scientific Name Common Name Duration Habit Sun Water
Acer saccharinum Silver maple, Soft maple, White maple Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Actaea rubra Red baneberry Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Adiantum pedatum Northern maidenhair fern, Maidenhair fern Perennial Fern Shade, Part-shade Moist
Allium canadense Meadow garlic, Wild garlic, Wild onion Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Moist
Allium stellatum Autumn onion, Prairie onion Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Amelanchier arborea Common serviceberry, Downy serviceberry, Shadbush, Juneberry, Junebush, Shadblow, Sarvis Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Dry
Amorpha fruticosa Indigo bush, False indigo bush, False indigo, Desert false indigo Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Moist
Amorpha nana Dwarf false indigo, Fragrant indigo-bush, Fragrant false indigo, Dwarf wild indigo Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Andropogon gerardii Big bluestem, Tall bluestem, Turkeyfoot Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Moist
Andropogon hallii Sand bluestem Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun
Anemone canadensis Canadian anemone, Round-leaf thimbleweed, Canada anemone, Windflower, Meadow anemone Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist
Anemone cylindrica Candle anemone, Long-headed thimbleweed, Longhead thimbleweed, Thimbleweed Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Aquilegia canadensis Eastern red columbine, Wild red columbine Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Kinnikinnick, Red bearberry, Kinnikinnik Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Arisaema triphyllum Jack in the pulpit, Indian jack in the pulpit, Jack-in-the-pulpit Perennial Herb Sun, Shade Wet, Moist
Asclepias incarnata Swamp milkweed, Pink Milkweed Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Asclepias verticillata Whorled milkweed, Eastern whorled milkweed Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Athyrium filix-femina Common lady fern, Subarctic lady fern, Lady fern, Ladyfern Perennial Herb, Fern Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Betula papyrifera Paper birch, Canoe birch, White birch Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Bouteloua curtipendula Sideoats grama, Banderilla, Banderita, Navajita Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Bouteloua gracilis Blue grama Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Dry
Bromus kalmii Arctic brome, Prairie brome, Wild chess Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Dry
Calamagrostis canadensis Bluejoint Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Campanula rotundifolia Bluebell bellflower, Bluebell of Scotland, Bluebell, Harebell, Witches' thimble Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Dry
Carex pensylvanica Pennsylvania sedge Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Shade, Part-shade Dry
Carex stipata Awlfruit sedge, Awl-fruited sedge, Stalk-grain sedge Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Wet, Moist
Celastrus scandens American bittersweet Perennial Vine Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Celtis occidentalis Common hackberry, Northern hackberry, American hackberry, Nettle tree, Beaverwood, False elm Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Chamaecrista fasciculata Partridge pea, Sleepingplant, Sensitive plant Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Chamerion angustifolium ssp. angustifolium Fireweed, Narrow-leaf fireweed, Willow herb Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Cornus canadensis Bunchberry dogwood, Canadian bunchberry Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Cornus racemosa Gray dogwood Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Cornus sericea Red osier dogwood, Red osier, Red-twig dogwood Perennial Shrub Part-shade Moist
Corylus americana American hazelnut, American filbert Perennial Shrub Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Crataegus mollis Downy hawthorn, White thorn, Whitethorn, Scarlet hawthorn, Scarlet haw, Red haw, Downy thorn Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Dasiphora fruticosa ssp. floribunda Shrubby cinquefoil, Golden hardhack, Potentilla Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Desmodium canadense Showy tick trefoil Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Echinacea angustifolia Black Samson, Black Samson echinacea, Narrow-leaf coneflower Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Elymus canadensis Canada wild rye, Canadian wildrye, Prairie wildrye, Nodding wildrye Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Moist
Eupatorium perfoliatum Common boneset Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Euphorbia corollata Flowering spurge Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Euthamia graminifolia Flat-top goldentop, Grass-leaved goldenrod Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Fragaria virginiana Virginia strawberry, Wild strawberry Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Fraxinus pennsylvanica Green ash, Red ash, Swamp ash, River ash, Water ash, Darlington ash Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist, Dry
Gaillardia aristata Common gaillardia, Great blanketflower, Blanketflower, Brown-eyed susan Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Gentiana andrewsii Closed bottle gentian, Closed gentian, Bottle gentian Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Geum triflorum Old man's whiskers, Prairie smoke, Purple avens Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Helenium autumnale Common sneezeweed, Fall sneezeweed, Autumn sneezeweed Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Heliopsis helianthoides Smooth oxeye, Oxeye sunflower, False sunflower Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Hydrophyllum virginianum Virginia waterleaf, Eastern waterleaf, Shawnee salad Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist
Juglans nigra Black walnut, Eastern black walnut, American black walnut Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Moist
Juniperus communis var. depressa Common juniper, Old field juniper, Prostrate juniper Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Juniperus horizontalis Creeping juniper, Creeping savin Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Dry
Juniperus virginiana Eastern red cedar, Eastern redcedar, Virginia juniper, Red juniper, Pencil cedar, Carolina cedar, Red savin, Baton rouge Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Dry
Koeleria macrantha Prairie Junegrass, Junegrass, Prairie Koeler's grass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Dry
Liatris aspera Tall blazing star, Tall gayfeather, Tall liatris, Rough blazing star, Rough gayfeather, Rough liatris, Button snakeroot Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Liatris pycnostachya Prairie blazing star, Prairie gayfeather, Prairie liatris, Kansas blazing star, Kansas gayfeather, Kansas liatris, Cat-tail blazing star, Cat-tail gayfeather, Cat-tail liatris, Hairy button-snakeroot Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Lilium philadelphicum Wood lily Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Dry
Lobelia siphilitica Great blue lobelia Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Monarda fistulosa Wild bergamot, Beebalm Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Oenothera biennis Common evening-primrose, King's cure-all Biennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Dry
Oenothera rhombipetala Diamond petal primrose, Four-Point Evening Primrose, Fourpoint evening-primrose, Greater four-point evening-primrose Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Opuntia macrorhiza Bigroot Prickly Pear, Twist-spine Prickly Pear, Common Prickly Pear, Plains Prickly Pear Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun Dry
Osmorhiza claytonii Clayton's sweetroot, Hairy sweet-cicely, Sweet jarvil Perennial Herb Shade Moist
Ostrya virginiana Eastern hop-hornbeam, American hop-hornbeam, Woolly hop-hornbean, Eastern ironwood, Roughbark ironwood, Ironwood, Deerwood, Leverwood Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Panicum virgatum Switchgrass, Wand panic grass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Pascopyrum smithii Western wheatgrass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Moist
Penstemon digitalis Mississippi penstemon, Mississippi beardtongue, Smooth white penstemon, Smooth white beardtongue, Talus slope penstemon, Talus slope beardtongue, Foxglove penstemon, Foxglove beardtongue Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Wet, Moist, Dry
Penstemon grandiflorus Large penstemon, Large beardtongue, Large-flower penstemon, Large-flower beardtongue, Large-flowered penstemon, Large-flowered beardtongue Perennial Herb Sun
Phlox pilosa Downy phlox, Prairie phlox, Fragrant phlox Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Physocarpus opulifolius Atlantic ninebark, Common ninebark Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist, Dry
Physostegia virginiana Fall obedient plant, False dragonhead, Virginia lions-heart Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Polygonatum biflorum Smooth Solomon's seal, Great Solomon's-seal, Sealwort Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Populus deltoides Eastern cottonwood, Carolina poplar, Necklace Poplar, Alamo Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist, Dry
Populus tremuloides Quaking aspen, Golden aspen, Trembling aspen, Mountain aspen, Aspen, Trembling poplar, Alamo blanco Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist, Dry
Prunus americana American plum, Wild plum Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Prunus virginiana Chokecherry, Common chokecherry, Choke cherry Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Quercus macrocarpa Bur oak, Burr oak, Savannah oak, Overcup oak, Prairie oak, Mossy-cup oak, Mossy-overcup oak, Blue oak Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist, Dry
Ratibida columnifera Mexican hat, Red-spike Mexican hat, Upright prairie coneflower, Prairie coneflower, Long-headed coneflower, Thimbleflower Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Ratibida pinnata Grayhead coneflower, Gray-headed coneflower, Grayhead Mexican hat, Gray-headed Mexican hat, Pinnate prairie coneflower, Yellow coneflower Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Rhus glabra Smooth sumac Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Dry
Rosa blanda Smooth rose, Early wild rose Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Rudbeckia hirta Black-eyed Susan, Common black-eyed Susan, Brown-eyed Susan Annual Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Salix discolor Pussy willow, Glaucous willow Perennial Shrub Sun Moist
Schizachyrium scoparium Little bluestem, Popotillo azul Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Dry
Shepherdia argentea Silver buffaloberry, Buffaloberry Perennial Shrub Sun Moist, Dry
Silphium laciniatum Compassplant, Compass plant Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Silphium perfoliatum Cup Plant, Indian Cup Perennial Herb Sun Wet, Moist, Dry
Sisyrinchium campestre Prairie blue-eyed grass, White-eyed grass Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Solidago nemoralis Gray goldenrod, Prairie goldenrod, Oldfield goldenrod, Grayleaf goldenrod, Gray-leaved goldenrod, Dyersweed goldenrod, Dwarf goldenrod, Field goldenrod Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Dry
Solidago speciosa Showy goldenrod, Noble goldenrod Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Sorghastrum nutans Indiangrass, Yellow indiangrass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Sporobolus heterolepis Prairie dropseed Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Dry
Symphoricarpos albus Common snowberry Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Symphyotrichum ericoides White Heath Aster, Heath Aster Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Thalictrum dasycarpum Purple meadow-rue, Tall meadow-rue, Meadow rue Perennial Herb Part-shade Wet, Moist
Tilia americana American basswood, American linden, Lime tree, Bee tree Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Typha latifolia Broadleaf cattail, Common cattail Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Wet
Verbena hastata Swamp verbena, Blue verbena, Blue vervain, Simpler's joy Biennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Vernonia fasciculata Prairie ironweed, Common ironweed Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Viburnum lentago Nannyberry, Blackhaw, Sweet viburnum, Sheepberry Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Viburnum opulus var. americanum American cranberry bush, Highbush cranberry, American cranberrybush viburnum, Cranberry viburnum Perennial Shrub Part-shade Wet, Moist
Viola sororia Missouri violet, Common blue violet, Hooded blue violet, Florida violet, Meadow violet Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist
Zizia aptera Heart-leaved meadow parsnip, Heartleaf meadow parsnip, Meadow parsnip, Heartleaf Alexanders, Meadow zizia, Zizia Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist