New Mexico Recommended

Commercially available native plant species suitable for planned landscapes in New Mexico. Visit our Suppliers Directory to locate businesses that sell native plants or seeds or provide professional landscape or consulting services in this state. Visit the Organizations Directory to locate native plant societies, conservation groups, governmental agencies, botanical gardens, arboreta, and other plant-related organizations in this state.


Scientific Name Common Name Duration Habit Sun Water
Achillea millefolium Common yarrow, Western yarrow, Yarrow, Milfoil Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Achnatherum hymenoides Indian ricegrass, Indian Millet, Sandgrass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Dry
Agave parryi Parry's agave, Century plant, Parry agave Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun Dry
Amelanchier alnifolia Saskatoon serviceberry, Western serviceberry, Juneberry Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Amelanchier utahensis Utah serviceberry Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Aquilegia coerulea Colorado blue columbine, Rocky Mountain columbine Perennial Herb Shade Moist
Argentina anserina Silverweed cinquefoil, Common silverweed, Silverweed, Goosefoot Perennial Herb Shade Moist
Artemisia frigida Prairie sagewort, Prairie sagebrush, Fringed sage, Pasture sage Perennial Subshrub Sun Dry
Artemisia tridentata Big sagebrush, Great Basin sagebrush Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Asclepias tuberosa Butterflyweed, Butterfly milkweed, Orange milkweed, Pleurisy root, Chigger flower Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Atriplex canescens Chamiso, Four-wing saltbush, Wing-scale Perennial Shrub Part-shade Dry
Baileya multiradiata Desert Marigold, Showy Desert Marigold, Paper Daisy, Desert Baileya Annual Herb Part-shade Dry
Berlandiera lyrata Chocolate daisy, Chocolate flower, Lyreleaf greeneyes, Green-eyed lyre leaf Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist
Bouteloua curtipendula Sideoats grama, Banderilla, Banderita, Navajita Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Bouteloua dactyloides Buffalograss, Buffalo grass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Dry
Bouteloua gracilis Blue grama Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Dry
Castilleja integra Wholeleaf Indian Paintbrush, Squawfeather Perennial Herb Sun
Castilleja miniata Giant red Indian paintbrush, Meadow paintbrush Perennial Herb Sun Wet
Cercocarpus montanus Alderleaf mountain mahogany, Silverleaf mountain mahogany, Mountain mahogany Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Chamaebatiaria millefolium Desert sweet, Fernbush, Tansy bush Perennial Shrub Part-shade
Chilopsis linearis Desert willow, Flowering willow, Willow-leaved catalpa, Willowleaf catalpa, Bow willow, Flor de mimbre, Mimbre Perennial Tree Sun Moist, Dry
Clematis ligusticifolia Western white clematis, Virgin's bower, Pepper vine, Hierba de chivo Perennial Vine Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Cylindropuntia imbricata var. imbricata Cane cactus, Cholla, Teddy-bear cholla, Tree cholla, Walkingstick cholla Perennial Shrub, Cactus/Succulent Sun, Part-shade Dry
Dasiphora fruticosa ssp. floribunda Shrubby cinquefoil, Golden hardhack, Potentilla Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Dasylirion wheeleri Common sotol, Sotol, Desert Spoon, Desert candle Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Ephedra nevadensis Nevada jointfir, Nevada joint-fir Perennial Shrub Sun
Ericameria nauseosa ssp. nauseosa var. nauseosa Rabbitbrush, Rubber rabbitbrush Perennial Shrub Sun
Erigeron divergens Spreading fleabane, Branching fleabane, Fleabane daisy Biennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Fallugia paradoxa Apache plume, Ponil Perennial Shrub Part-shade Dry
Fendlera rupicola Cliff fendlerbush, False mock-orange Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Forestiera pubescens Elbow bush, Stretchberry, Spring herald Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Fouquieria splendens Ocotillo, Devil's walking stick, Candlewood Perennial Shrub Part-shade Dry
Fraxinus greggii Gregg's ash, Gregg ash, Littleleaf ash, Dogleg ash, Escobilla, Barreta china Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Fraxinus velutina Arizona ash, Velvet ash, Desert ash, Leatherleaf ash, Smooth ash, Modesto ash, Toumey ash, Standley ash Perennial Tree Sun Dry
Gaillardia aristata Common gaillardia, Great blanketflower, Blanketflower, Brown-eyed susan Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Gaillardia pulchella Indian Blanket, Firewheel, Girasol rojo Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Garrya wrightii Wright's silktassel Perennial Shrub Part-shade
Glandularia bipinnatifida var. bipinnatifida Prairie verbena, Purple prairie verbena, Dakota mock vervain, Dakota vervain Annual, Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Gutierrezia sarothrae Broom snakeweed, Kindlingweed, Matchbrush, Texas snakeweed, Broomweed, Turpentine weed, Matchweed Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Hesperaloe parviflora Red yucca, Coral yucca, Red-flowered false yucca, Redflower false yucca, Yellow yucca, Hummingbird yucca, Samandoque Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun Dry
Ipomoea leptophylla Bush morning-glory Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Ipomopsis aggregata Scarlet Gilia, Scarlet Standing-cypress, Skyrocket, Skunkflower Biennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Ipomopsis longiflora Flaxflowered ipomopsis, Pale Trumpets, Paleflower gilia, White-flower skyrocket, White-flowered gilia Annual Herb Sun Dry
Iris missouriensis Rocky Mountain Iris, Western Blue Flag Perennial Herb Sun Wet
Juglans major Arizona walnut, Arizona black walnut, River walnut, Mountain walnut, Nogal silvestre Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Dry
Juniperus scopulorum Rocky Mountain juniper, Rocky Mountain red cedar, Mountain red cedar, Colorado red cedar, Western red cedar, River juniper, Western juniper, Cedro rojo Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Dry
Krascheninnikovia lanata Winterfat Perennial Shrub Sun
Larrea tridentata Creosote bush, Greasewood, Hediondilla, Governadora, Guamis Perennial Shrub Part-shade Dry
Leucophyllum frutescens Cenizo, Purple sage, Texas ranger, Texas barometer bush, Texas silverleaf, Texas sage, Silverleaf Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Dry
Liatris punctata Dotted Blazing Star, Dotted Gayfeather, Dotted Liatris Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Linum lewisii Wild blue flax, Prairie flax, Lewis flax, Lewis's flax Perennial Subshrub Sun Dry
Machaeranthera bigelovii Bigelow's tansyaster, Sticky Aster Biennial Herb
Machaeranthera tanacetifolia Tahoka Daisy, Tansy-aster, Tansey-leaf Tansy-aster Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Mahonia repens Creeping Barberry, Creeping Oregon-grape Perennial Shrub Part-shade Moist, Dry
Melampodium leucanthum Blackfoot Daisy, Rock daisy, Plains blackfoot, Arnica Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Mirabilis multiflora Colorado four o'clock Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Monarda citriodora Lemon beebalm, Purple horsemint, Lemon mint, Plains horsemint, Lemon horsemint, Horsemint, Purple lemon mint Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Nolina erumpens Foothill beargrass, Mesa sacahuista Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Nolina microcarpa Sacahuista, Sacahuista beargrass Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Oenothera caespitosa Tufted evening primrose, Gumbo evening primrose, Gumbo lily, Fragrant evening primrose Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Oenothera elata ssp. hookeri Hooker's evening-primrose, Giant evening-primrose Biennial Herb Sun Moist
Oenothera macrocarpa ssp. macrocarpa Bigfruit evening-primrose, Fluttermill, Missouri evening primrose Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Oenothera pallida Pale evening-primrose Biennial Herb Sun
Oenothera speciosa Pink evening primrose, Showy evening primrose, Mexican evening primrose, Showy primrose, Pink ladies, Buttercups, Pink buttercups Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Parthenium incanum Mariola Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Parthenocissus quinquefolia Virginia creeper Perennial Vine Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Pascopyrum smithii Western wheatgrass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Moist
Penstemon ambiguus Pink plains penstemon, Pink plains beardtongue, Gilia penstemon, Gilia beardtongue, Sand penstemon, Sand beardtongue Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Penstemon angustifolius Broadbeard penstemon, Broadbeard beardtongue, Whorled penstemon, Whorled beardtongue Perennial Herb Sun
Penstemon barbatus Scarlet bugler, Beard-lip penstemon, Beard-lip beardtongue, Red penstemon, Red beardtongue, Goldenbeard penstemon, Goldenbeard beardtongue, Saint Joseph's staff, Varita de San Jose Perennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Penstemon cobaea Prairie penstemon, Prairie beardtongue, Foxglove penstemon, Foxglove beardtongue, False foxglove, Large-flowered penstemon, Large-flowered beardtongue, Cobaea penstemon, Cobaea beardtongue, Wild foxglove Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Penstemon jamesii James's penstemon, James's beardtongue, James penstemon, James beardtongue Perennial Herb Sun
Penstemon pseudospectabilis Desert penstemon, Desert beardtongue, Rosy desert penstemon, Rosy desert beardtongue, Canyon penstemon, Canyon beardtongue, Mohave penstemon, Mohave beardtongue Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Penstemon strictus Rocky Mountain penstemon, Rocky Mountain beardtongue Perennial Herb Part-shade
Penstemon thurberi Thurber's penstemon, Thurber's beardtongue, Sand penstemon, Sand beardtongue Perennial Herb Sun
Phlox nana Santa Fe phlox, White-eyed phlox, Canyon phlox Perennial Herb
Pinus edulis Colorado pinyon pine, Colorado pinyon, Pinyon pine, Pinyon, Two-needle pine, Two-needle pinyon, Two-leaf pinyon, Nut pine, Pino dulce Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Pinus ponderosa Ponderosa pine, Western yellow pine, Pino blanco Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Platanus wrightii Arizona sycamore, Alamo Perennial Tree Sun Moist
Populus fremontii Fremont cottonwood, Western cottonwood, Gila cottonwood, Alamo Perennial Tree Sun Moist
Populus tremuloides Quaking aspen, Golden aspen, Trembling aspen, Mountain aspen, Aspen, Trembling poplar, Alamo blanco Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist, Dry
Prosopis glandulosa Honey mesquite, Glandular mesquite, Algarroba Perennial Tree Sun Dry
Pseudotsuga menziesii Douglas fir, Blue Douglas fir Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Psilostrophe cooperi White-stem paper-flower, Whitestem paperflower, Yellow paper daisy Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Psorothamnus scoparius Broom dalea, Broom pea, Broom smokebush Perennial Shrub Sun
Purshia mexicana Mexican cliffrose, Chinacates, Chivatillo, Romerillo cimarrón, Romero, Romero cedro Perennial Tree
Quercus gambelii Gambel oak, Rocky Mountain white oak, Utah white oak Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Quercus turbinella Shrub live oak, Sonoran scrub oak, Scrub oak, Turbinella oak, Turbinella, Encino Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Ratibida columnifera Mexican hat, Red-spike Mexican hat, Upright prairie coneflower, Prairie coneflower, Long-headed coneflower, Thimbleflower Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Rhus microphylla Littleleaf sumac, Desert sumac, Correosa, Agritos Perennial Shrub Part-shade Dry
Rhus trilobata Fragrant sumac, Aromatic sumac, Scented sumac, Ill-scented sumac, Skunkbush sumac, Skunkbush, Basketbush, Squawbush Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Dry
Ribes aureum Golden currant Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Robinia neomexicana New Mexico locust, Southwestern locust, Hojalito Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Rudbeckia hirta Black-eyed Susan, Common black-eyed Susan, Brown-eyed Susan Annual Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Salvia greggii Autumn sage, Cherry sage, Gregg salvia Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Sapindus saponaria var. drummondii Western soapberry, Soapberry, Wild china tree, Wild chinaberry, Indian soap plant, Jaboncillo Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Schizachyrium scoparium Little bluestem, Popotillo azul Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Dry
Sphaeralcea coccinea Scarlet globemallow, Caliche globemallow Biennial Shrub Sun Dry
Sporobolus airoides Alkali sacaton, Zacate alcalino Perennial Grass/Grass-like Part-shade Moist
Sporobolus cryptandrus Sand dropseed Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Dry
Tecoma stans Yellow Bells, Yellowbells, Esperanza, Yellow Trumpetbush, Yellow Trumpetflower, Trumpetbush, Trumpetflower, Yellow Elder Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Dry
Ungnadia speciosa Mexican buckeye, Monilla Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Dry
Yucca elata Soaptree yucca, Soaptree, Soapweed yucca, Palmilla, Palmella, Amole Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun Dry
Yucca glauca Soapweed yucca, Narrowleaf yucca, Plains yucca, Beargrass Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun Dry
Yucca torreyi Torrey yucca, Torrey's yucca, Spanish bayonet, Spanish dagger, Old shag, Palma Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Zinnia grandiflora Plains Zinnia, Rocky Mountain Zinnia, Prairie Zinnia, Little Golden Zinnia, Yellow Zinnia Perennial Shrub Part-shade Dry