Montana Recommended

Commercially available native plant species suitable for planned landscapes in Montana. Visit our Suppliers Directory to locate businesses that sell native plants or seeds or provide professional landscape or consulting services in this state. Visit the Organizations Directory to locate native plant societies, conservation groups, governmental agencies, botanical gardens, arboreta, and other plant-related organizations in this state.


Scientific Name Common Name Duration Habit Sun Water
Abies grandis Giant fir, Grand fir Perennial Tree Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Abies lasiocarpa Subalpine fir Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Acer glabrum Rocky Mountain maple Perennial Tree Sun
Acer grandidentatum Bigtooth maple, Big-toothed maple, Uvalde bigtooth maple, Southwestern bigtooth maple, Canyon maple, Sabinal maple, Western sugar maple Perennial Shrub, Tree Sun Moist
Achillea millefolium Common yarrow, Western yarrow, Yarrow, Milfoil Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Achnatherum hymenoides Indian ricegrass, Indian Millet, Sandgrass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Dry
Actaea rubra Red baneberry Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Alnus incana ssp. tenuifolia Thinleaf alder Perennial Tree Sun Moist
Amelanchier alnifolia Saskatoon serviceberry, Western serviceberry, Juneberry Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Anaphalis margaritacea Western pearly everlasting, Pearly-everlasting Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Andropogon gerardii Big bluestem, Tall bluestem, Turkeyfoot Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Moist
Andropogon hallii Sand bluestem Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun
Anemone canadensis Canadian anemone, Round-leaf thimbleweed, Canada anemone, Windflower, Meadow anemone Perennial Herb Shade, Part-shade Moist
Aquilegia coerulea Colorado blue columbine, Rocky Mountain columbine Perennial Herb Shade Moist
Aquilegia flavescens Yellow mountain columbine, Yellow columbine, Golden columbine Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Aquilegia formosa Western columbine, Crimson columbine, Scarlet columbine, Red columbine Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Aquilegia jonesii Jones' columbine, Blue limestone columbine Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Kinnikinnick, Red bearberry, Kinnikinnik Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Arnica cordifolia Heart-leaf leopardbane, Heartleaf arnica Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Artemisia frigida Prairie sagewort, Prairie sagebrush, Fringed sage, Pasture sage Perennial Subshrub Sun Dry
Artemisia tridentata Big sagebrush, Great Basin sagebrush Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Asclepias incarnata Swamp milkweed, Pink Milkweed Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Atriplex canescens Chamiso, Four-wing saltbush, Wing-scale Perennial Shrub Part-shade Dry
Atriplex confertifolia Shadscale, Spiny saltbush, Shadscale saltbush, Hop sage Perennial Subshrub Sun Dry
Balsamorhiza hookeri Hooker's balsamroot, Hairy balsamroot Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Balsamorhiza sagittata Arrowleaf balsamroot, Arrow-leaf balsamroot Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Betula occidentalis Mountain birch, Water birch Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Betula papyrifera Paper birch, Canoe birch, White birch Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Bouteloua curtipendula Sideoats grama, Banderilla, Banderita, Navajita Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Bouteloua dactyloides Buffalograss, Buffalo grass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Dry
Bouteloua gracilis Blue grama Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Dry
Campanula rotundifolia Bluebell bellflower, Bluebell of Scotland, Bluebell, Harebell, Witches' thimble Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Dry
Ceanothus velutinus Snowbrush, Snowbrush ceanothus, Tobacco-brush, Mountain balm, Buckbrush Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Cercocarpus ledifolius Curl-leaf mountain mahogany, Curl-leaf mountain-mahogany Perennial Shrub Part-shade Dry
Cercocarpus montanus Alderleaf mountain mahogany, Silverleaf mountain mahogany, Mountain mahogany Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Chamerion angustifolium ssp. angustifolium Fireweed, Narrow-leaf fireweed, Willow herb Perennial Herb Sun Moist
Clematis columbiana Rock clematis Perennial Vine Part-shade Dry
Cleome lutea Yellow spiderflower, Yellow spider-flower, Yellow beeplant, Yellow caper, Golden caper Annual Herb Sun
Coreopsis tinctoria Plains coreopsis, Golden tickseed, Goldenwave, Calliopsis Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist
Cornus sericea Red osier dogwood, Red osier, Red-twig dogwood Perennial Shrub Part-shade Moist
Crataegus douglasii Black hawthorn Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Dalea purpurea Purple prairie clover Perennial Subshrub Sun Dry
Delphinium bicolor Flat-head larkspur, Little larkspur Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Delphinium nuttallianum Twolobe larkspur, Two-lobe larkspur, Delphinium Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Eriogonum umbellatum Sulphur-flower Buckwheat, Sulphur-flower Wild Buckwheat, Sulphur Buckwheat, Sulphur-flower Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Eriophyllum lanatum Common woolly sunflower, Oregon sunshine Annual Herb Sun Dry
Festuca rubra Red fescue Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun Wet
Fraxinus pennsylvanica Green ash, Red ash, Swamp ash, River ash, Water ash, Darlington ash Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist, Dry
Gaillardia aristata Common gaillardia, Great blanketflower, Blanketflower, Brown-eyed susan Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Iliamna rivularis Streambank wild hollyhock, Wild hollyhock, Mountain globemallow Perennial Herb Part-shade Moist
Ipomopsis aggregata Scarlet Gilia, Scarlet Standing-cypress, Skyrocket, Skunkflower Biennial Herb Part-shade Dry
Juniperus communis Common juniper Perennial Tree Sun Dry
Juniperus horizontalis Creeping juniper, Creeping savin Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Dry
Juniperus scopulorum Rocky Mountain juniper, Rocky Mountain red cedar, Mountain red cedar, Colorado red cedar, Western red cedar, River juniper, Western juniper, Cedro rojo Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Dry
Kalmia microphylla Alpine laurel Perennial Subshrub Sun Wet
Krascheninnikovia lanata Winterfat Perennial Shrub Sun
Larix occidentalis Western larch, Western tamarack Perennial Tree Sun Wet, Moist
Liatris punctata Dotted Blazing Star, Dotted Gayfeather, Dotted Liatris Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Linum lewisii Wild blue flax, Prairie flax, Lewis flax, Lewis's flax Perennial Subshrub Sun Dry
Lonicera involucrata Twinberry honeysuckle, Black twinberry honeysuckle, Black twinberry, Bearberry honeysuckle, Four-line honeysuckle Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Machaeranthera tanacetifolia Tahoka Daisy, Tansy-aster, Tansey-leaf Tansy-aster Annual Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Mahonia repens Creeping Barberry, Creeping Oregon-grape Perennial Shrub Part-shade Moist, Dry
Mimulus lewisii Purple monkeyflower, Great purple monkeyflower, Lewis monkeyflower, Lewis's monkeyflower Perennial Herb Part-shade Wet
Mirabilis nyctaginea Heartleaf four o'clock Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Monarda fistulosa Wild bergamot, Beebalm Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Nemophila breviflora Basin nemophila, Great Basin baby-blue-eyes, Great Basin nemophila Annual Herb Part-shade Moist
Oenothera caespitosa Tufted evening primrose, Gumbo evening primrose, Gumbo lily, Fragrant evening primrose Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Panicum virgatum Switchgrass, Wand panic grass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Pascopyrum smithii Western wheatgrass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Moist
Phacelia sericea Silky phacelia, Purple fringe Biennial Herb Part-shade
Phlox longifolia Long-leaf phlox, Longleaf phlox Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Phlox speciosa Showy phlox Perennial Subshrub
Picea engelmannii Engelmann's spruce, Engelmann spruce Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Moist
Pinus contorta Lodgepole pine, Beach pine, Pino de san pedro martir Perennial Tree Sun Dry
Pinus flexilis Limber pine, Pino enano Perennial Tree Sun, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Pinus monticola Western white pine Perennial Tree Sun Moist, Dry
Pinus ponderosa Ponderosa pine, Western yellow pine, Pino blanco Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Populus tremuloides Quaking aspen, Golden aspen, Trembling aspen, Mountain aspen, Aspen, Trembling poplar, Alamo blanco Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist, Dry
Prunus americana American plum, Wild plum Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Prunus virginiana Chokecherry, Common chokecherry, Choke cherry Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Pseudotsuga menziesii Douglas fir, Blue Douglas fir Perennial Tree Part-shade Dry
Pulsatilla patens ssp. multifida Cutleaf anemone, Pasqueflower, Wild crocus Perennial Herb Sun, Part-shade Dry
Purshia tridentata Antelope bitterbrush, Bitterbrush, Antelope brush Perennial Shrub Sun Dry
Ranunculus cardiophyllus Heart-leaf buttercup, Heartleaf buttercup Perennial Herb Sun
Ratibida columnifera Mexican hat, Red-spike Mexican hat, Upright prairie coneflower, Prairie coneflower, Long-headed coneflower, Thimbleflower Perennial Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Rhus glabra Smooth sumac Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Dry
Rhus trilobata Fragrant sumac, Aromatic sumac, Scented sumac, Ill-scented sumac, Skunkbush sumac, Skunkbush, Basketbush, Squawbush Perennial Shrub Sun, Part-shade Dry
Rubus parviflorus Western thimbleberry, Thimbleberry Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Rudbeckia hirta Black-eyed Susan, Common black-eyed Susan, Brown-eyed Susan Annual Herb Sun Moist, Dry
Rudbeckia laciniata Green-headed coneflower, Greenhead coneflower, Cutleaf coneflower, Wild goldenglow, Sochan Perennial Herb Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Sambucus racemosa Red elderberry Perennial Tree Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Schizachyrium scoparium Little bluestem, Popotillo azul Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Part-shade Dry
Shepherdia argentea Silver buffaloberry, Buffaloberry Perennial Shrub Sun Moist, Dry
Sorbus scopulina Greene's mountain ash, Cascade mountain-ash, Western mountain-ash Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Sorghastrum nutans Indiangrass, Yellow indiangrass Perennial Grass/Grass-like Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Sphaeralcea coccinea Scarlet globemallow, Caliche globemallow Biennial Shrub Sun Dry
Sphaeralcea munroana Munro's globemallow, White-stem globe-mallow Perennial Herb Sun Dry
Spiraea betulifolia White spirea Perennial Shrub Part-shade
Thuja plicata Western red cedar, Western arborvitae, Canoe cedar Perennial Tree Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Vaccinium uliginosum Alpine blueberry, Bog blueberry Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Verbena stricta Hoary verbena, Hoary vervain, Tall vervain, Woolly verbena Annual Herb Sun Dry
Viburnum edule Squashberry, Moosewood viburnum, Few-flowered cranberry bush Perennial Shrub Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Vitis riparia Riverbank grape, River-bank grape Perennial Vine Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Xerophyllum tenax Common beargrass, Western turkeybeard, Bear lily, Pine lily, Elk grass, Squaw grass, Beargrass, Turkeybeard Perennial Herb Sun
Yucca glauca Soapweed yucca, Narrowleaf yucca, Plains yucca, Beargrass Perennial Cactus/Succulent Sun Dry