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Loughmiller, Campbell and Lynn
Zigadenus elegans Pursh
Mountain death camas, White camas
USDA Symbol: ziel2
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
A plant with long, basal, grass-like leaves and cream or greenish-white, bowl-shaped flowers in a raceme or branched flower cluster.
The highly poisonous Meadow Deathcamas (Z. venenosus) grows throughout most of the western United States. It has petal-like segments about 1/4 (6 mm) long, the inner 3 slightly longer and with a short stalk at the base, and stamens about as long as the segments.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Herb Leaf Complexity: Simple Flower:
Green Size Class:
0-1 ft. , 1-3 ft.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White , Green , Brown
Bloom Time: Jun , Jul , Aug
AK , AZ , CO , IA , ID , IL , IN , MI , MN , MO , MT , NC , ND , NE , NM , NV , NY , OH , OR , PA , SD , TN , TX , UT , VA , VT , WA , WI , WV , WY Canada: MB
, SK Native Distribution:
Western Canada; south to western Washington, eastern Oregon, Arizona, New Mexico, and Texas. Native Habitat:
Mountain meadows, rocky slopes, and forests. USDA Native Status: L48(N), AK(N), CAN(N)
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist , Wet
Soil Description: Sandy
BenefitWarning: All parts of this wildflower contain toxic chemicals (alkaloids) said to be more potent than strychnine. Just two bulbs can be fatal. Symptoms include salivating, vomiting, diarrhea, lowered body temperature and a slow heartbeat. (Kershaw)
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Recommended Species Lists
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Record Modified: 2012-10-15
Research By: TWC Staff