Yucca faxoniana (Trel.) Sarg.
Eve's needle, Faxon yucca, Palma samandoca, Palma barreta, Spanish bayonet
Agavaceae (Century-Plant Family)
Synonym(s): Samuela carnerosana, Samuela faxoniana, Yucca carnerosana
USDA Symbol: yufa
It is named for Charles Edward Faxon (1846-1918), the illustrator of Charles Sprague Sargents 14-volume Silva of North America. Birds and mammals eat the fleshy fruit. The name Yucca is from yucca, the Carib Indian name of the root of cassava (Manihot), misapplied to this genus.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Leaf Retention: Evergreen
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Size Notes: 3-4
Size Class: 1-3 ft.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr
DistributionUSA: NM , TX
Native Distribution: Trans-Pecos Texas and NE. Mexico; at 4000-5000 (1219-1524 m).
Native Habitat: Flat desert areas, High elevation, Hillsides, Slopes
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low
Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Dry
Cold Tolerant: yes
Soil Description: Limestone-based, Sandy, Sandy Loam, Medium Loam
BenefitUse Ornamental: Showy, Blooms ornamental, Accent tree or shrub, Screens
Use Wildlife: Nectar-moths, Nectar-insects, Fruit-deer, Seeds-Small mammals.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Larval Host: Yucca giant skipper.
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
NPSOT - Austin Chapter - Austin, TX
Wildflower Center Seed BankLBJWC-1110 Collected 2007-08-17 in Jeff Davis County by Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
BibliographyBibref 355 - Landscaping with Native Plants of Texas and the Southwest (1991) Miller, G. O.
Bibref 995 - Native Landscaping from El Paso to L.A. (2000) Wasowski, S. and A. Wasowski
Bibref 291 - Texas Wildscapes: Gardening for Wildlife (1999) Damude, N. & K.C. Bender
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Recommended Species Lists
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Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Yucca faxoniana in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Yucca faxoniana in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Yucca faxoniana
MetadataRecord Modified: 2009-02-20
Research By: TWC Staff