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Flaigg, Norman G.
Yucca faxoniana (Trel.) Sarg.
Eve's needle, Faxon yucca, Palma samandoca, Palma barreta, Spanish bayonet
Agavaceae (Century-Plant Family)
Synonym(s): Samuela carnerosana, Samuela faxoniana, Yucca carnerosana
USDA Symbol: yufa
USDA Native Status: L48 (N)
Small evergreen tree with 1 or sometimes more trunks, enlarged at base and either unbranched or with 1 or 2 upright branches and with long bayonetlike leaves.
It is named for Charles Edward Faxon (1846-1918), the illustrator of Charles Sprague Sargents 14-volume Silva of North America. Birds and mammals eat the fleshy fruit. The name Yucca is from yucca, the Carib Indian name of the root of cassava (Manihot), misapplied to this genus.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr
, TX Native Distribution:
Trans-Pecos Texas and NE. Mexico; at 4000-5000 (1219-1524 m). Native Habitat:
Flat desert areas, High elevation, Hillsides, Slopes
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low
Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Dry
Cold Tolerant: yes
Soil Description: Limestone-based, Sandy, Sandy Loam, Medium Loam
Showy, Blooms ornamental, Accent tree
Screens Use Wildlife:
Nectar-moths, Nectar-insects, Fruit-deer, Seeds-Small mammals. Conspicuous Flowers:
Butterflies Larval Host:
Yucca giant skipper.
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
NPSOT - Austin Chapter
- Austin, TX
Wildflower Center Seed BankLBJWC-1110
Collected 2007-08-17 in Jeff Davis County by Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
Record Last Modified: 2009-02-20
Research By: TWC Staff