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Flaigg, Norman G.
Yucca baccata Torr.
Banana yucca, Blue yucca, Fleshy-fruited yucca, Datil
USDA Symbol: yuba
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
This yucca usually occurs as a single, stemless plant but sometimes grows in clumps with short, reclining stems. The narrow, spine-tipped leaves are up to 30 in. long and occur in an open cluster which is often wider than the leaves are high. The flowering stem is up to 40 in. tall and bears large, pendant, fleshy, white flowers with a red-purple tinge. Fruits are fleshy and banana-shaped. Rigid, spine-tipped leaves in 1 or several rosettes, and a long cluster of large whitish flowers on a stalk about as tall as the leaves.
Identification of the many Yucca species is often difficult. Those with broad leaves are sometimes called Spanish Daggers, a name generally applied to the tree-like species of western Texas. Plain Identification of the many Yucca species is often difficult. Those with broad leaves are sometimes called Spanish Daggers, a name generally applied to the tree-like species of western Texas. Plains Yucca (Y. glauca), common from the eastern edge of the Rocky Mountains eastward almost throughout the plains and prairies of the central United States, is a small species with narrow, gray-green leaves.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun , Jul
AZ , CA , CO , NM , NV , TX , UT Native Distribution:
Edwards Plateau & Trans-Pecos, TX to s. UT, s. CA & adjacent Mex. Native Habitat:
Dry plains; hilly grasslands USDA Native Status: L48(N)
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low
Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Dry
CaCO3 Tolerance: High
Soil Description: Dry, rocky or sandy soils.
Conditions Comments: Not Available
Fruits attract birds, deer and insects. Use Food:
The baked fruit
of Banana Yucca tastes somewhat like sweet potato. Yucca flowers are still eaten by Mexican Indians to such an extent that some species now rarely show mature pods. Conspicuous Flowers:
Yuccas will germinate promptly from fresh seed held over winter. Seeds germinate best in 60-70 degree temperatures. Yuccas may also be grown from rhizomes, stem
cuttings, or by digging offsets from the side of established plants. Transplant into a well Seed Collection:
Gather capsules as they begin to dry but before they split. Allow to dry, then crush to remove seeds. Overwinter, keep seeds in moist sand in the refrigerator. For longer storage periods, keep in sealed, refrigerated containers. Seed Treatment:
Not Available Commercially Avail:
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Record Modified: 2010-05-16
Research By: TWC Staff