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Viola rotundifolia (Roundleaf yellow violet) | NPIN

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Viola rotundifolia

Viola rotundifolia Michx.

Roundleaf yellow violet, Round-leaved yellow violet

Violaceae (Violet Family)


USDA Symbol: viro2

USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)

The only stemless yellow violet in the US and Canada is Viola rotundifolia, which has a small flower and roundish basal leaves. Its flowers and leaves are on separate stalks.


From the Image Gallery

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Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: Apr , May


USA: CT , DE , GA , KY , MA , MD , ME , NC , NH , NJ , NY , OH , PA , RI , SC , TN , VA , VT , WV
Canada: NB


Attracts: Butterflies
Larval Host: Great Spangled Fritillary

Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)

Viola rotundifolia is a larval host and/or nectar source for:
Great Spangled Fritillary
(Speyeria cybele)

Larval Host
Learn more at BAMONA

From the National Suppliers Directory

According to the inventory provided by Associate Suppliers, this plant is available at the following locations:

Sunshine Farm & Gardens - Renick, WV
American Native Nursery - Quakertown, PA


Bibref 1186 - Field Guide to Moths of Eastern North America (2005) Covell, C.V., Jr.
Bibref 1185 - Field Guide to Western Butterflies (Peterson Field Guides) (1999) Opler, P.A. and A.B. Wright

Search More Titles in Bibliography

Recommended Species Lists

Find native plant species by state. Each list contains commercially available species suitable for gardens and planned landscapes. Once you have selected a collection, you can browse the collection or search within it using the combination search.

View Recommended Species page

Additional resources

USDA: Find Viola rotundifolia in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Viola rotundifolia in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Viola rotundifolia


Record Modified: 2014-01-14
Research By: TWC Staff

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