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Native Plant Database

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Viola rotundifolia

Viola rotundifolia Michx.

Roundleaf yellow violet, Round-leaved yellow violet

Violaceae (Violet Family)

Synonym(s):

USDA Symbol: viro2

USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)

The only stemless yellow violet in the US and Canada is Viola rotundifolia, which has a small flower and roundish basal leaves. Its flowers and leaves are on separate stalks.

 

From the Image Gallery

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Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Fruit:

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: Apr , May

Distribution

USA: CT , DE , GA , KY , MA , MD , ME , NC , NH , NJ , NY , OH , PA , RI , SC , TN , VA , VT , WV
Canada: NB

Benefit

Attracts: Butterflies
Larval Host: Great Spangled Fritillary

Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)

Viola rotundifolia is a larval host and/or nectar source for:
Great Spangled Fritillary
(Speyeria cybele)

Larval Host
Learn more at BAMONA

National Wetland Indicator Status

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FAC FAC FAC FAC
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.

From the National Suppliers Directory

According to the inventory provided by Associate Suppliers, this plant is available at the following locations:

Sunshine Farm & Gardens - Renick, WV
American Native Nursery - Quakertown, PA

Bibliography

Bibref 1186 - Field Guide to Moths of Eastern North America (2005) Covell, C.V., Jr.
Bibref 1185 - Field Guide to Western Butterflies (Peterson Field Guides) (1999) Opler, P.A. and A.B. Wright

Search More Titles in Bibliography

Additional resources

USDA: Find Viola rotundifolia in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Viola rotundifolia in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Viola rotundifolia

Metadata

Record Last Modified: 2014-01-14
Research By: TWC Staff

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