Viola ×palmata L. (pro sp.)
Early blue violet, Trilobed violet
Violaceae (Violet Family)
Synonym(s): Viola falcata, Viola palmata, Viola stoneana
USDA Symbol: vipa18
This plant has leaves broader than they are long, with 3–7 lobes, the middle lobe much broader than the others. Flowers are up to 1 1/2 inches across. The 5 violet-purple petals have darker streakings.
From the Image Gallery
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Purple
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun
DistributionUSA: AL , AR , CT , DE , FL , GA , IA , IL , KS , KY , LA , MA , MD , ME , MI , MO , MS , NC , NE , NH , NJ , NY , OH , OK , PA , RI , SC , SD , TN , TX , VA , VT , WI , WV
Native Distribution: S. VT to s. Ont. & MN, s. to FL & MS
Native Habitat: Rich, open deciduous woods; shaded, limestone ledges
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
Soil Description: Mesic to somewhat dry soils.
Conditions Comments: These violets benefit from a winter mulch in cold climates.
PropagationDescription: Divide the clumps in spring or fall. Can also be propagated by seed.
Seed Collection: Not Available
Seed Treatment: Cold-moist stratify for 10 days.
Commercially Avail: yes
National Wetland Indicator Status
From the National Suppliers DirectoryAccording to the inventory provided by Associate Suppliers, this plant is available at the following locations:
ArcheWild Native Nurseries - Quakertown, PA
Toadshade Wildflower Farm - Frenchtown, NJ
BibliographyBibref 248 - Texas Wildflowers: A Field Guide (1984) Loughmiller, C. & L. Loughmiller
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Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Viola x palmata in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Viola x palmata in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Viola x palmata
MetadataRecord Modified: 2007-10-28
Research By: TWC Staff