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Marcus, Joseph A.
Viola affinis Le Conte
Sand violet, Pale early violet
Synonyms: Viola chalcosperma, Viola rosacea, Viola sororia var. affinis, Viola sororia ssp. affinis
USDA Symbol: viaf2
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
The glossy, heart-shaped leaf blades are narrow in the spring, becoming much larger in summer. The violet flower has a conspicuous white throat; the three lower petals are somewhat hairy. The heart-shaped leaves, coarsely toothed, have long stems growing from the base. This violet ranges from 6-10 in. tall.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Herb Leaf Complexity: Simple Leaf Shape: Cordate Size Notes:
Usually a 7 x 8 inch mound in spring. Flower:
Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Purple
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun
AL , AR , CT , DC , FL , GA , IA , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MO , MS , NC , ND , NE , NH , NJ , NM , NY , OH , OK , PA , RI , SC , SD , TN , TX , VA , VT , WI , WV Canada: ON
, QC Native Distribution:
ME to MN, s. to FL, w. to TX & AR. Also ON
& QC. Native Habitat:
Moist meadows; low woods; shady stream banks USDA Native Status: L48(N), CAN(N)
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
Cold Tolerant: yes
Heat Tolerant: yes
Soil Description: Moist soils.
BenefitConspicuous Flowers: yes
Interesting Foliage: yes
Deer Resistant: No
PropagationPropagation Material: Seeds
Description: Not Available
Seed Collection: Not Available
Seed Treatment: Not Available
Commercially Avail: yes
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
Pineywoods Native Plant Center
- Nacogdoches, TX
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Record Modified: 2011-03-28
Research By: TWC Staff