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Flaigg, Norman G.
Verbena stricta Vent.
Hoary verbena, Hoary vervain, Tall vervain, Woolly verbena, Wooly verbena
USDA Symbol: vest
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
The 1-4 ft., hairy stem produces a terminal cluster of narrow, flowering spikes. Small lavender flowers appear in a ring halfway down the acsending spike. A common invader of overgrazed pastures, this plant does not compete well in vigorous stands of native grasses. Seeds are consumed by small mammals and prairie-chickens.
This species is a member of the verbena family (family Verbenaceae), which includes about 75 genera and 3,000 species of herbs, shrubs, and trees, mostly of tropical and warm temperate regions. Among them, teak is a highly prized furniture wood, and Vervain, Lantana, Lippia or Frog Fruit, and Chase Tree or Vitex are grown as ornamentals.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Annual Habit: Herb Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Purple
Bloom Time: Jul , Aug , Sep
AL , AR , AZ , CO , CT , DE , GA , IA , ID , IL , IN , KS , KY , MA , MI , MN , MO , MS , MT , NC , ND , NE , NJ , NM , NV , NY , OH , OK , PA , SD , TN , TX , UT , VT , WA , WI , WV , WY Canada: ON Native Distribution:
Ont. to MN & MT, s. to TX & NM; also n. ID & n.e. WA; naturalized elsewhere Native Habitat:
Fields; prairies USDA Native Status: L48(N), CAN(N)
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement:
Sun Soil Moisture:
Dry Soil Description:
Sandy soils Conditions Comments:
A common invader of overgrazed pastures, it does not compete well in vigorous stands of native
BenefitUse Wildlife: Hoary vervain seeds are utilized by small mammals and prairie chickens.
Larval Host: Common Buckeye
Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)
is a larval host and/or nectar source for:
PropagationDescription: Plant stratified or unstratified seed.
Seed Collection: Not Available
Seed Treatment: Cold-moist stratification for 2 months.
Commercially Avail: yes
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
Native Seed Network
- Corvallis, OR
Recommended Species Lists
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Record Modified: 2012-12-09
Research By: TWC Staff