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Vaccinium parvifolium Sm.
Red blueberry, Red huckleberry
USDA Symbol: vapa
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
A graceful, somewhat straggling shrub with slim branches, bright yellow-green leaves and sparkling-red berries. The plant generally is 3-12 ft. high but can reach 20 ft. The reddish, edible berry is preceded by white to greenish flowers in ones or twos. Reddish leaves cling to the bright green branches well into fall.
The Red Huckleberry is a member of the heath family (family Ericaceae) which is widespread, especially on acid soils, with about 1500 species, mostly shrubs, sometimes trees; 15 native tree and many native shrub species in North America. Leaves: usually alternate, simple, elliptical, and not toothed often thick and evergreen, without stipules.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Shrub Leaf:
Red Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White , Pink , Green
Bloom Time: May , Jun
AK , CA , OR , WA Canada: BC Native Distribution:
CA Coast Ranges from Santa Cruz Mts. & Sierras from Fresno Co., n. (w. of Cascades) to s.e. AK Native Habitat:
Dry to moist, conifer woods & openings below 5000 ft. USDA Native Status: L48(N), AK(N), CAN(N)
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry , Moist
CaCO3 Tolerance: Low
Soil Description: Moist, rich, acid soils.
Conditions Comments: Not Available
BenefitUse Wildlife: Birds and mammals eat berries.
PropagationDescription: Seeds, layering or softwood cuttings taken in spring can start this species. It will also root from hardwood cuttings of unbranched shoots of previous season. Seeds may need to be stratified and should be sown on a slightly acid soil mix.
Seed Treatment: Stratify for 60-90 days at 41 degrees. No treatment may give good results.
Commercially Avail: yes
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
Santa Barbara Botanic Garden
- Santa Barbara, CANative Seed Network
- Corvallis, OR
Recommended Species Lists
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Record Modified: 2007-01-01
Research By: TWC Staff