Vaccinium caespitosum Michx., orth. var.
Dwarf bilberry, Dwarf blueberry, Dwarf huckleberry
Ericaceae (Heath Family)
USDA Symbol: vaca13
USDA Native Status:
Spreading widely by rootstocks and forming mats, dwarf blueberry is 6-12 in. tall with small, light green leaves. Flowers are single in leaf axils, whitish-pink and tubular. The sweet, edible berry is glaucous-blue.
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Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Fruit: Black, Blue
Size Class: 1-3 ft.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White , Pink
Bloom Time: May , Jun , Jul , Aug
DistributionUSA: AK , CA , CO , ID , ME , MI , MN , MT , NH , NM , NV , NY , OR , UT , VT , WA , WI , WY
Canada: AB , BC , NB , NS , ON
Native Distribution: AK to CA, e. through ID to the Rockies; e. in Canada & through n. states, to the Atlantic Coast
Native Habitat: Gravelly or rocky meadows, openings & mt. slopes
Growing ConditionsWater Use: High
Light Requirement: Sun
CaCO3 Tolerance: None
Soil Description: Gravelly or rocky soils.
Conditions Comments: Not Available
BenefitConspicuous Flowers: yes
Larval Host: Heath Sulphur (Colias chippewa), Northern Blue butterfly (Lycaeides idas)
Value to Beneficial InsectsSpecial Value to Native Bees
This information was provided by the Pollinator Program at The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation.
Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)Vaccinium caespitosum is a larval host and/or nectar source for:
Learn more at BAMONA
Larval HostLearn more at BAMONA
Northern Blue |
Learn more at BAMONA
Find Seed or Plants
View propagation protocol from Native Plants Network.
BibliographyBibref 1186 - Field Guide to Moths of Eastern North America (2005) Covell, C.V., Jr.
Bibref 1185 - Field Guide to Western Butterflies (Peterson Field Guides) (1999) Opler, P.A. and A.B. Wright
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Recommended Species Lists
Find native plant species by state. Each list contains commercially available species suitable for gardens and planned landscapes. Once you have selected a collection, you can browse the collection or search within it using the combination search.View Recommended Species page
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Vaccinium caespitosum in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Vaccinium caespitosum in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Vaccinium caespitosum
MetadataRecord Modified: 2007-01-01
Research By: TWC Staff