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Trillium undulatum Willd.
Painted trillium, Painted wakerobin
USDA Symbol: trun
USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
This trillium has a slender stalk, 8-16 in. high, with a whorl of three, large, blue-green leaves. The flower, white with purple markings, is borne above the leaves on a short, arching stem. Bright-red fruits appear in early fall. This is a perennial plant. The erect, stalked flower has an inverted, pink V at the base of each white, wavy-edged petal.
This is one of the most attractive woodland Trilliums. It is easily recognized by the splash of pink in the center of the white flower.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Herb Leaf Complexity: Simple Flower:
Red Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White , Pink
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun
, WV Canada: MB
, QC Native Distribution:
Que. to Ont., s. to NJ
& PA; also uplands to GA Native Habitat:
Deep, acid, sandy woods
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Sun , Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
Soil pH: Acidic (pH<6.8)
Soil Description: Moist, acid sands.
Conditions Comments: Not Available
BenefitUse Food: EDIBLE PARTS / PREPARATION: Young, unfolding leaves. Wash leaves in warm water to remove dirt and debris. Do not use dish detergent or any type of sanitizer. Cook in boiling, salted water for ten minutes and serve like greens. (Poisonous Plants of N.C.)
Warning: POISONOUS PARTS: Berries and roots. Only low toxicity if eaten. Toxic Principle: Toxicity unknown, but caution because of its relationship with known toxic plants.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
division or seed. Seeds do best when planted outdoors soon after fruits have ripened. Divide rhizomes in fall. Seed Collection:
Not Available Seed Treatment:
Not Available Commercially Avail:
Mr. Smarty Plants says
Michigan native plants for shady, low traffic area
May 10, 2006
Hello, I am looking for a recommendation for a Michigan native groundcover. I live adjacent to the Rouge River watershed and want to buy the right thing. The location is shady, infrequently walked ...
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National Wetland Indicator Status
|Status:|| FACU || FACU |
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1
(Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here
for map of regions.
From the National Suppliers Directory
According to the inventory provided by Associate Suppliers, this plant is available at the following locations:
Edge of the Woods Native Plant Nursery
- Orefield, PA
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
Mt. Cuba Center
- Hockessin, DE
Record Last Modified: 2007-01-01
Research By: TWC Staff