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Toxicodendron vernix (L.) Kuntze
USDA Symbol: tove
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
Poisonous yet attractive narrow-crowned shrub or small tree with waxy whitish berries and dramatic fall foliage.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Tree Leaf Arrangement: Alternate Leaf Complexity: Pinnate Leaf Shape: Ovate Leaf Margin: Entire Size Notes:
Height up to 15 feet. Fruit:
White. 1/4-1/3 inch across. Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow , Green , Brown
Bloom Time: Jun , Jul
AL , CT , DC , DE , FL , GA , IL , IN , KY , LA , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MS , NC , NH , NJ , NY , OH , PA , RI , SC , TN , TX , VA , VT , WI , WV Canada: NS
, QC Native Distribution:
Extreme S. Quebec and Maine south to central Florida, west to E. Texas, and north to SE. Minnesota; mostly confined to Atlantic and Gulf coastal plains and Great Lakes region; to 1000 (305 m). Native Habitat:
Wet soil of swamps, bogs, seepage slopes, and frequently flooded areas; in shady hardwood forests. USDA Native Status: L48(N), CAN(N)
Growing ConditionsSoil Moisture: Moist , Wet
of Poison Sumac is not toxic to birds or animals and is consumed by many kinds of wildlife, such as bobwhites, pheasants, grouse, and rabbits, especially in winter, when other food is scarce. Use Other:
A black varnish can be made from the sap,
as in a related Japanese species. Warning:
POISONOUS PARTS: All parts, in all seasons if plant sap
contacted. Severe skin irritation upon contact. Symptoms include severe skin redness, itching, swelling, and blisters following direct or indirect contact. Toxic Principle: Urushiol. (Poisonous Plants of N.C.) Attracts:
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Record Modified: 2012-06-20
Research By: TWC Staff