Taraxacum officinale F.H. Wigg.
Common dandelion, Blowball, Dandelion, Faceclock
Asteraceae (Aster Family)
USDA Symbol: taof
Unpublished. Non-native species. JAM. A common weed, its solitary flower head, each with numerous yellow ray flowers, tops a hollow, leafless stalk that rises from the center of a rosette of toothed leaves. Stem juice is milky.
Unpublished. Non-native species. JAM. The popular name comes from dent de lion, French for lions tooth, referring to the teeth on the leaves. The young leaves may be used in salads and soups; wine is made from the heads. Several species, some native to high mountain meadows, are similar to the Common Dandelion but may have reddish-brown fruits and outer bracts that do not curl.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Leaf Shape: Runcinate
Size Class: 1-3 ft.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: Jan , Feb , Mar , Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct , Nov , Dec
DistributionUSA: AK , AL , AR , AZ , CA , CO , CT , DC , DE , FL , GA , HI , IA , ID , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MO , MS , MT , NC , ND , NE , NH , NJ , NM , NV , NY , OH , OK , OR , PA , RI , SC , SD , TN , TX , UT , VA , VT , WA , WI , WV , WY
Canada: NB , NL , NS , ON , PE , QC
Native Distribution: Throughout North America, but rare in extreme southeastern United States.
Native Habitat: Throughout
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
Soil pH: Circumneutral (pH 6.8-7.2)
CaCO3 Tolerance: Low
Soil Description: Esamy
BenefitUse Food: The tender young leaves, rich in vitamins and minerals, make good salad or cooked greens. The delicate yellow flowers can be added to fritters and pancakes or made into wine. (Kershaw)
Use Medicinal: The mildly laxative and diuretic leaves have been used in medicinal teas, digestive aids, diet drinks and rustic beers. (Kershaw) Tea of roots drunk for heartburn. Tea of leaves for tonic. Blossoms boiled with pennyroyal (Hedeoma pulegioides) leaves and drank to releive menstrual cramsp. (Weiner)
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Mr. Smarty Plants says
The most common wildflower in North America
January 16, 2008
Hi Mr. Smartyplants, What the most common wildflower in North America? My friend thinks it's the oxeye daisy. Is this correct? I work for a puzzle publishing company, and am doing research for a the...
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National Wetland Indicator Status
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Fredericksburg Nature Center - Fredericksburg, TX
Pineywoods Native Plant Center - Nacogdoches, TX
Sibley Nature Center - Midland, TX
Brackenridge Field Laboratory - Austin, TX
Herbarium Specimen(s)NPSOT 0778 Collected Jan 12, 1994 in Bexar County by Harry Cliffe
BibliographyBibref 1207 - Earth Medicine, Earth Food (1990) Michael A. Weiner
Bibref 281 - Shinners & Mahler's Illustrated Flora of North Central Texas (1999) Diggs, G. M.; B. L. Lipscomb; B. O'Kennon; W. F...
Bibref 328 - Wildflowers of Texas (2003) Ajilvsgi, Geyata.
Bibref 286 - Wildflowers of the Texas Hill Country (1989) Enquist, M.
Search More Titles in Bibliography
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Taraxacum officinale in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Taraxacum officinale in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Taraxacum officinale
MetadataRecord Modified: 2012-07-02
Research By: TWC Staff