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Loughmiller, Campbell and Lynn
Spigelia marilandica (L.) L.
Woodland pinkroot, Pinkroot, Indian pink, Spigelia
USDA Symbol: spma3
USDA Native Status: L48 (N)
Woodland pinkroot or indian pink is an, erect, clump-forming perennial, 1-2 ft. tall, with 4-7 pairs of lance-shaped leaves along a wiry stem. Leaves are opposite, 1–4 inches long, tapering to a point. Each stem bears a terminal, one-sided spike of deep-red to scarlet, tubular flowers – each ending in five yellow lobes. The flower clusters grow along the last 2 inches or so of the 4-sided stem, which is curved downward at the top. Trumpet-shaped, the flower is a narrow tube, 1 1/2 inches long, ending in 5 petal-like lobes, yellow on the inside and bright red on the outside of the tube.
This plant does very well in gardens. It blooms from the bottom upward and the flowering season can be prolonged by removing the flowers as they wither.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Herb Flower:
Flowers 2 inches
Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Red , Yellow
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May
, VA Native Distribution: KY,
& s. MO,
s. to FL
& e. TX Native Habitat:
Shaded woods, Open woodlands, Woodlands edge, Opening
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
Soil pH: Acidic (pH<6.8)
Soil Description: Moist, sandy, fertile soils. Sandy, Sandy Loam, Medium Loam, Acid-based
Conditions Comments: Bloom period can be prolonged by removing flowers as they wither. Indian pink withstands a fair amount of shade. It does not compete well with aggressive plants.
BenefitUse Ornamental: Perennial
garden, Bog or pond area, Water garden Use Wildlife:
Flowers attract hummingbirds. Conspicuous Flowers:
PropagationPropagation Material: Seeds
Description: Propagate by spring-sown seed or by root division.
Seed Collection: Blossoms open one at a time, and seed formation follows the same sequence. A piece of netting tied over green seed capsules will retain seeds as they ripen and fall out. Store dry.
Seed Treatment: Not Available
Commercially Avail: yes
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
Delaware Nature Society
- Hockessin, DEMt. Cuba Center
- Hockessin, DE
Record Last Modified: 2013-09-09
Research By: TWC Staff