Scutellaria drummondii Benth.
Lamiaceae (Mint Family)
USDA Symbol: scdr2
S. drummondii grows up to 12 inches tall. It is often branched at the base, forming clumps. Leaves are opposite and densely arranged. Each leaf is 1/3-3/4 inch long and mostly oval, occasionally somewhat oblong. Flowers grow in the axils of the leaflike bracts. They have 5 sepals and 5 bluish-purple petals united to form a 2-lipped blossom 2/3-1 inch long. The lower lip is notched. Skullcaps can be distinguished from other mints by the crest on the upper surface of the blossom. Most of them have small, oval or rounded leaves, and all have bluish-purple flowers.
The species name of this plant is named for Thomas Drummond, (ca. 1790-1835), naturalist, born in Scotland, around 1790. In 1830 he made a trip to America to collect specimens from the western and southern United States. In March, 1833, he arrived at Velasco, Texas to begin his collecting work in that area. He spent twenty-one months working the area between Galveston Island and the Edwards Plateau, especially along the Brazos, Colorado, and Guadalupe rivers. His collections were the first made in Texas that were extensively distributed among the museums and scientific institutions of the world. He collected 750 species of plants and 150 specimens of birds. Drummond had hoped to make a complete botanical survey of Texas, but he died in Havana, Cuba, in 1835, while making a collecting tour of that island.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Annual
Leaf Arrangement: Opposite
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Leaf Shape: Ovate
Size Notes: Grows up to 12 inches tall.
Size Class: 0-1 ft.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White , Purple
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May
DistributionUSA: AZ , FL , LA , NM , OK , TX
Native Habitat: Prairie, Plains, Meadows, Pastures, Savannahs, Woodlands edge, Opening
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low
Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Dry
Cold Tolerant: yes
Heat Tolerant: yes
Soil Description: well drained clay, Clay Loam, Medium Loam, Sandy Loam, Sandy, Caliche type, Limestone-based.
BenefitUse Ornamental: Perennial garden, Blooms ornamental
Warning: The foliage is reported to be toxic (Kirkpatrick, 1992).
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Nectar Source: yes
Deer Resistant: High
PropagationPropagation Material: Seeds
Commercially Avail: yes
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Fredericksburg Nature Center - Fredericksburg, TX
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - Austin, TX
NPSOT - Fredericksburg Chapter - Fredericksburg, TX
NPSOT - Austin Chapter - Austin, TX
Herbarium Specimen(s)NPSOT 1074 Collected May 8, 1996 in Bexar County by Mike Fox
BibliographyBibref 318 - Native Texas Plants: Landscaping Region by Region (2002) Wasowski, S. & A. Wasowski
Bibref 281 - Shinners & Mahler's Illustrated Flora of North Central Texas (1999) Diggs, G. M.; B. L. Lipscomb; B. O'Kennon; W. F...
Bibref 248 - Texas Wildflowers: A Field Guide (1984) Loughmiller, C. & L. Loughmiller
Bibref 328 - Wildflowers of Texas (2003) Ajilvsgi, Geyata.
Bibref 286 - Wildflowers of the Texas Hill Country (1989) Enquist, M.
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Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Scutellaria drummondii in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Scutellaria drummondii in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Scutellaria drummondii
MetadataRecord Modified: 2008-07-16
Research By: NPC