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Marcus, Joseph A.
Salvia texana (Scheele) Torr.
Texas sage, Blue sage
USDA Symbol: sate3
USDA Native Status: L48 (N)
Salvia texana, at first glance, is very much like Engelmanns sage (Salvia engelmannii), an herbaceous perennial up to one and a half feet tall with purple-blue blooms, but Salvia texana has a longer bloom period and its smaller, darker flowers are topped by unopened green buds. It shares a common name, Texas Sage, with Leucophyllum frutescens, more often known as Cenizo, a very different, much larger shrub. Salvia texana is a denizen of limestone soils from north-central Texas south to northern Mexico. Native plant experts Sally and Andy Wasowski recommend planting it with other purple-flowering native forbs like Engelmanns Sage and Purple Paintbrush (Castilleja purpurea var. purpurea) among short prairie grasses.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Blue , Purple , Violet
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May
Bloom Notes: Color often described as a dark purplish blue
, TX Native Distribution:
Widely distributed in well-drained limestone soils and on hills from north-central Texas (Denton County) south to northern Mexico and west to southeastern New Mexico Native Habitat:
Prairies, hillsides, slopes, and ledges in limestone soil
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
Soil pH: Alkaline (pH>7.2)
Drought Tolerance: High
Cold Tolerant: yes
Heat Tolerant: yes
Soil Description: Found in limestone soils of consistencies ranging from sandy to clay and rocky caliche
BenefitUse Ornamental: Perennial
garden, shortgrass meadow, limestone prairie Use Wildlife:
Bees visit flowers Conspicuous Flowers:
Butterflies Nectar Source:
PropagationPropagation Material: Seeds
Commercially Avail: yes
Maintenance: Trim back the old seed spikes after blooming to maintain a tidy appearance.
Herbarium Specimen(s)NPSOT 0751
Collected Apr 10, 1994 in Comal County by Mary Beth WhiteNPSOT 0746
Collected Apr 25, 1994 in Bexar County by Mike Fox
Record Last Modified: 2009-11-17
Research By: TWC Staff, LAL, GDG