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Sambucus racemosa L.
USDA Symbol: sara2
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
Grows as an upright large shrub or small tree.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Tree Size Notes:
8-20 feet tall. Fruit: Size Class:
6-12 ft. , 12-36 ft.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Bloom Time: May , Jun
AK , AZ , CA , CO , CT , GA , IA , ID , IL , IN , KY , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MO , MT , NC , ND , NH , NJ , NM , NV , NY , OH , OR , PA , RI , SD , TN , UT , VA , VT , WA , WI , WV , WY Canada: AB
, PE Native Habitat:
Woodland,Savannah,Wet Meadow/Prairie/Field,Riparian USDA Native Status: L48(N), AK(N), CAN(N)
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Sun , Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist , Wet
Hummingbirds, Butterflies Use Food:
Although the berries are reputedly poisonous, they were very popular with the Gitxsan and were steamed or boiled into a kind of jam or cooked and served with oolichan grease. They were also mixed with black huckleberries in berry
cakes and these were prized delicacies at feasts. The bark
and roots were boiled and the infusion was drunk as an emetic or purgative. Warning:
CAUTION: The stems, roots and foliage are poisonous or toxic. (Traditional Plant Use) Could cause nausea if eaten raw. (Joanna Clark) Conspicuous Flowers:
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
Native Seed Network
- Corvallis, OR
Recommended Species Lists
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Record Modified: 2007-01-01
Research By: TWC Staff