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Wasowski, Sally and Andy
Salix exigua Nutt.
Coyote willow, Narrow-leaf willow, Narrowleaf willow, Sandbar willow
Synonym(s): Salix argophylla, Salix columbiana, Salix exigua var. angustissima, Salix exigua var. columbiana, Salix exigua var. hindsiana, Salix exigua var. luteosericea, Salix exigua var. nevadensis, Salix exigua var. parishiana, Salix exigua var. stenophylla, Salix exigua var. virens, Salix fluviatilis var. argophylla, Salix hindsiana, Salix hindsiana var. leucodendroides, Salix hindsiana var. parishiana, Salix hindsiana var. tenuifolia, Salix interior var. angustissima, Salix interior var. luteosericea, Salix linearifolia, Salix longifolia var. argophylla, Salix longifolia var. exigua, Salix longifolia var. opaca, Salix luteosericea, Salix macrostachya var. leucodendroides, Salix malacophylla, Salix nevadensis, Salix parishiana, Salix sessilifolia ssp. hindsiana, Salix sessilifolia var. hindsiana, Salix sessilifolia var. leucodendroides, Salix stenophylla, Salix thurberi
USDA Symbol: saex
USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
A small, clumping, deciduous shrub or tree, from 4-15 ft. tall. The bark is gray and furrowed; the leaves silky-gray. Catkins appear after the leaves.
This hardy species has perhaps the greatest range of all tree willows: from the Yukon River in central Alaska to the Mississippi River in southern Louisiana. A common and characteristic shrub along streams throughout the interior, especially the Great Plains and Southwest, it is drought-resistant and suitable for planting on stream bottoms to prevent surface erosion. Livestock browse the foliage; Indians made baskets from the twigs and bark.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Shrub Leaf:
Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White , Yellow
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr
, WY Canada: AB
, ON Native Distribution:
to OR Native Habitat:
Along ditches & sandbars mostly below 3000 ft.
Growing ConditionsWater Use: High
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist , Wet
CaCO3 Tolerance: High
Soil Description: Wet sandy gravels.
Conditions Comments: Excellent for stream stabilization as the plant suckers profusely.
Willows are among the easiest of all plants to root from cuttings. Stem
and root cuttings are used. Propagation is also accomplished by sowing fresh, untreated seed onto a moist seedbed. Seed viability lasts only a few days. Seed Collection:
Not Available Seed Treatment:
No treatment is necessary. Commercially Avail:
Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)
is a larval host and/or nectar source for:
National Wetland Indicator Status
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1
(Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here
for map of regions.
Record Last Modified: 2008-05-22
Research By: TWC Staff