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Wasowski, Sally and Andy
Rhapidophyllum hystrix (Pursh) H. Wendl. & Drude ex Drude
Needle palm, Blue palmetto
USDA Symbol: rhhy
USDA Native Status: L48 (N)
Needle palm is an armed shrub, rarely more than 6 ft. tall, with erect or spreading stems from a short trunk. The leaf sheaths have long, needle-like, stiff and sharp spines. The fruit, a red drupe, is preceded by a short, dense inflorescence.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Shrub Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug
, SC Native Distribution:
s. to c. FL, AL
& MS Native Habitat:
Swamps; wet to mesic woods & hammocks; dry rocks
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement:
Part Shade Soil Description:
Various wet to dry soils. Conditions Comments: Needle
palm is slow growing and adaptable. It can be used as a ground cover or ornamental specimen, and has proven tolerant of parking lot conditions.
PropagationDescription: Not Available
Seed Collection: Not Available
Seed Treatment: Not Available
Commercially Avail: yes
National Wetland Indicator Status
|Status:|| FACW || FACW |
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1
(Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here
for map of regions.
Record Last Modified: 2013-09-08
Research By: TWC Staff