Rhamnus crocea Nutt.
Holly-leaf buckthorn, Redberry, Redberry buckthorn
Rhamnaceae (Buckthorn Family)
USDA Symbol: rhcr
A spreading, much-branched shrub from 2-3 ft. tall with small, dark gray-green leaves. The clusters of cream-colored flowers are followed by showy, red berries.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Leaf Retention: Evergreen
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Leaf: Dark Green
Size Class: 1-3 ft. , 3-6 ft.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr
DistributionUSA: AZ , CA
Native Distribution: Coast Ranges from Lake to San Diego Cos., CA
Native Habitat: Dry washes & canyons below 3000 ft.
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
CaCO3 Tolerance: High
Soil Description: Dry, well-drained soils.
Conditions Comments: Will not bear berries if under stress.
BenefitUse Ornamental: Pretty red fruit. Makes a good hedge.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)Rhamnus crocea is a larval host and/or nectar source for:
Hermes Copper |
Learn more at BAMONA
PropagationDescription: Germination of seeds is easy. Cuttings are difficult. Seeds should be cleaned of pulp before sowing.
Seed Collection: Not Available
Seed Treatment: No pretreatment seems necessary. If seeds have been stored, dormancy can be broken with a cool-moist stratification period.
Commercially Avail: yes
Find Seed or Plants
Find seed sources for this species at the Native Seed Network.
View propagation protocol from Native Plants Network.
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Santa Barbara Botanic Garden - Santa Barbara, CA
Native Seed Network - Corvallis, OR
BibliographyBibref 1186 - Field Guide to Moths of Eastern North America (2005) Covell, C.V., Jr.
Bibref 1185 - Field Guide to Western Butterflies (Peterson Field Guides) (1999) Opler, P.A. and A.B. Wright
Bibref 841 - Native Alternatives to Invasive Plants (2006) Burrell, C. C.
Search More Titles in Bibliography
Recommended Species Lists
Find native plant species by state. Each list contains commercially available species suitable for gardens and planned landscapes. Once you have selected a collection, you can browse the collection or search within it using the combination search.View Recommended Species page
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Rhamnus crocea in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Rhamnus crocea in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Rhamnus crocea
MetadataRecord Modified: 2008-05-22
Research By: TWC Staff