En EspaŅol
Rhamnus crocea (Holly-leaf buckthorn) | NPIN
Share

NPIN: Native Plant Database

Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family. If you are not sure what you are looking for, try the Combination Search or our Recommended Species lists.

Search native plant database:
Name:    
Family:    
See a list of all Plants





Rhamnus crocea (Holly-leaf buckthorn)
Wasowski, Sally and Andy

Rhamnus crocea

Rhamnus crocea Nutt.

Holly-leaf buckthorn, Redberry, Redberry buckthorn

Rhamnaceae (Buckthorn Family)

Synonym(s):

USDA Symbol: rhcr

USDA Native Status: L48 (N)

A spreading, much-branched shrub from 2-3 ft. tall with small, dark gray-green leaves. The clusters of cream-colored flowers are followed by showy, red berries.

 

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Leaf Retention: Evergreen
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Leaf: Dark Green
Fruit:
Size Class: 1-3 ft. , 3-6 ft.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr

Distribution

USA: AZ , CA
Native Distribution: Coast Ranges from Lake to San Diego Cos., CA
Native Habitat: Dry washes & canyons below 3000 ft.

Growing Conditions

Water Use: Low
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
CaCO3 Tolerance: High
Soil Description: Dry, well-drained soils.
Conditions Comments: Will not bear berries if under stress.

Benefit

Use Ornamental: Pretty red fruit. Makes a good hedge.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Attracts: Birds

Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)

Rhamnus crocea is a larval host and/or nectar source for:
Hermes Copper
(Lycaena hermes)

Larval Host
Learn more at BAMONA

Propagation

Description: Germination of seeds is easy. Cuttings are difficult. Seeds should be cleaned of pulp before sowing.
Seed Collection: Not Available
Seed Treatment: No pretreatment seems necessary. If seeds have been stored, dormancy can be broken with a cool-moist stratification period.
Commercially Avail: yes

Find Seed or Plants

Find seed sources for this species at the Native Seed Network.

View propagation protocol from Native Plants Network.

From the National Organizations Directory

According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:

Santa Barbara Botanic Garden - Santa Barbara, CA
Native Seed Network - Corvallis, OR

Bibliography

Bibref 1186 - Field Guide to Moths of Eastern North America (2005) Covell, C.V., Jr.
Bibref 1185 - Field Guide to Western Butterflies (Peterson Field Guides) (1999) Opler, P.A. and A.B. Wright
Bibref 841 - Native Alternatives to Invasive Plants (2006) Burrell, C. C.

Search More Titles in Bibliography

Additional resources

USDA: Find Rhamnus crocea in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Rhamnus crocea in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Rhamnus crocea

Metadata

Record Modified: 2008-05-22
Research By: TWC Staff

Go back

E-NEWSLETTER | BECOME A MEMBER | DONATE NOW | MEDIA | SITEMAP
© 2014 Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center