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Ranunculus fascicularis (Early buttercup) | NPIN

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Ranunculus fascicularis (Early buttercup)
Bransford, W.D. and Dolphia

Ranunculus fascicularis

Ranunculus fascicularis Muhl. ex Bigelow

Early buttercup, Tufted buttercup, Prairie Buttercup

Ranunculaceae (Buttercup Family)

Synonym(s): Ranunculus fascicularis var. apricus, Ranunculus fascicularis var. typicus

USDA Symbol: rafa

USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)

Early spring wildflower, 6-12 in. tall with spreading stems and divided, silky-haired leaves. Yellow, five-petaled flowers.


Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Size Class: 0-1 ft.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: Apr , May


USA: AL , AR , CO , CT , GA , IA , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MO , MS , NC , NE , NH , NJ , NY , OH , OK , PA , SC , TN , TX , VA , VT , WI
Canada: ON
Native Distribution: NH, s. Ont. & MN, s. to GA, TX, e. KS & s.e. NE
Native Habitat: Dry, open woods; prairies

Growing Conditions

Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade , Shade
Soil Description: Well-drained soils.
Conditions Comments: Not Available


Warning: POISONOUS PARTS: All parts. Low toxicity if eaten. Minor skin irritation lasting minutes if touched. Symptoms include burning of the mouth, abdominal pain, vomiting, and bloody diarrhea. Skin redness, burning sensation, and blisters following contact with cell sap. Toxic Principle: Protoanemonin, released from the glycoside ranunculin.(Poisonous Plants of N.C.)
Conspicuous Flowers: yes

Value to Beneficial Insects

Special Value to Native Bees
Supports Conservation Biological Control

This information was provided by the Pollinator Program at The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation.


Description: Not Available
Seed Collection: Not Available
Seed Treatment: Not Available
Commercially Avail: yes

From the National Organizations Directory

According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:

Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - Austin, TX
* Available Online from Wildflower Center Store


* The Midwestern Native Garden: Native Alternatives to Nonnative Flowers and Plants An Illustrated Guide (2011) Adelman, Charlotte and Schwartz, Bernard L.

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Recommended Species Lists

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Additional resources

USDA: Find Ranunculus fascicularis in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Ranunculus fascicularis in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Ranunculus fascicularis


Record Modified: 2012-10-03
Research By: TWC Staff

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© 2014 Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center