Interior live oak
USDA Symbol: quwi2
USDA Native Status:
Interior live oak is an intricately-branched evergreen that, in time, can reach 50 ft. The broad crown can be as wide as the tree is high. Smooth to spiny-toothed leaves are glossy and dark green. This, together with the reddish-brown bark, give the tree a formal appearance. Evergreen tree with short trunk and broad, rounded crown of stout, spreading branches; sometimes a shrub.
This species is named for its discoverer, Friedrich Adolph Wislizenus (1810-89), a German-born physician of St. Louis, Missouri. Although slow-growing, Interior Live Oak is planted as an ornamental. Deer browse the foliage, and the wood is used for fuel.
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Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Size Class: 36-72 ft.
Bloom InformationBloom Time: Mar , Apr , May
Native Distribution: CA Sierran foothills and inner Coast Ranges, s. to Baja CA.
Native Habitat: Valleys & slopes below 5000 ft.
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Dry
Soil Description: Dry soils.
Conditions Comments: Not Available
PropagationDescription: Oaks are most often propagated from seed. No pretreatment is necessary. Plant immediately – outdoors or in deep containers to accomodate long initial taproot. Many oaks require cold temperatures to initiate shoot development. Protect outdoor beds with
Seed Collection: Best quality acorns are picked or shaken from the tree. Collect when color has changed to brown. Best if sown immediately as acorns lose viability quickly in storage. Short-term storage in moist, shaded saw dust or sand. Acorns to be sown immediately can be soaked in hot water for 15 min. to prevent weevil infestation. Stored seed should be fumigated with methyl bromide.
Commercially Avail: yes
Find Seed or Plants
Find seed sources for this species at the Native Seed Network.
View propagation protocol from Native Plants Network.
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Santa Barbara Botanic Garden - Santa Barbara, CA
Native Seed Network - Corvallis, OR
BibliographyBibref 841 - Native Alternatives to Invasive Plants (2006) Burrell, C. C.
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Recommended Species Lists
Find native plant species by state. Each list contains commercially available species suitable for gardens and planned landscapes. Once you have selected a collection, you can browse the collection or search within it using the combination search.View Recommended Species page
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Quercus wislizeni in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Quercus wislizeni in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Quercus wislizeni
MetadataRecord Modified: 2007-01-01
Research By: TWC Staff