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Flaigg, Norman G.
Potentilla simplex Michx.
Common cinquefoil, Oldfield cinquefoil
Synonym(s): Potentilla simplex var. argyrisma, Potentilla simplex var. calvescens, Potentilla simplex var. typica
USDA Symbol: posi2
A familiar plant with prostrate stems, which root at the nodes, and flowers and leaves arising from runners on separate stalks. Runners are 6-20 in. Five-parted leaves and five-petaled, yellow flowers.
Common Cinquefoil is a member of the rose family (family Rosaceae), which includes herbs, shrubs, and trees with mostly prickly stems. There are about 100 genera and 3,000 species in this worldwide family. Apples, pears, quinces, cherries, plums, peaches, apricots, loquats, blackberries, raspberries, and strawberries are important fruits. Roses, Cotoneaster, Firethorn, Mountain Ash, Spirea, and Hawthorns are common ornamentals.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Herb Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun
, WV Canada: NB
, PE Native Distribution:
Nf. & Que. to MN,
s. to NC, TN,
& KS Native Habitat:
Dry to moist, open woods; prairies; roadsides; waste places
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
Soil Description: Variable.
Conditions Comments: Not Available
BenefitConspicuous Flowers: yes
National Wetland Indicator Status
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1
(Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here
for map of regions.
Record Last Modified: 2012-10-03
Research By: TWC Staff