Potentilla simplex Michx.
Common cinquefoil, Oldfield cinquefoil
Rosaceae (Rose Family)
Synonym(s): Potentilla simplex var. argyrisma, Potentilla simplex var. calvescens, Potentilla simplex var. typica
USDA Symbol: posi2
A familiar plant with prostrate stems, which root at the nodes, and flowers and leaves arising from runners on separate stalks. Runners are 6-20 in. Five-parted leaves and five-petaled, yellow flowers.
Common Cinquefoil is a member of the rose family (family Rosaceae), which includes herbs, shrubs, and trees with mostly prickly stems. There are about 100 genera and 3,000 species in this worldwide family. Apples, pears, quinces, cherries, plums, peaches, apricots, loquats, blackberries, raspberries, and strawberries are important fruits. Roses, Cotoneaster, Firethorn, Mountain Ash, Spirea, and Hawthorns are common ornamentals.
From the Image Gallery
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun
DistributionUSA: AL , AR , CT , DC , DE , GA , IA , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MO , MS , NC , NH , NJ , NY , OH , OK , PA , RI , SC , TN , TX , VA , VT , WI , WV
Canada: NB , NS , ON , PE
Native Distribution: Nf. & Que. to MN, s. to NC, TN, n.e. TX & KS
Native Habitat: Dry to moist, open woods; prairies; roadsides; waste places
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
Soil Description: Variable.
Conditions Comments: Not Available
BenefitConspicuous Flowers: yes
Value to Beneficial InsectsSpecial Value to Native Bees
This information was provided by the Pollinator Program at The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation.
Bibliography* The Midwestern Native Garden: Native Alternatives to Nonnative Flowers and Plants An Illustrated Guide (2011) Adelman, Charlotte and Schwartz, Bernard L.
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Recommended Species Lists
Find native plant species by state. Each list contains commercially available species suitable for gardens and planned landscapes. Once you have selected a collection, you can browse the collection or search within it using the combination search.View Recommended Species page
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Potentilla simplex in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Potentilla simplex in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Potentilla simplex
MetadataRecord Modified: 2012-10-03
Research By: TWC Staff