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Wasowski, Sally and Andy
Pinus virginiana Mill.
Virginia pine, Jersey pine, Scrub pine
USDA Symbol: pivi2
USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (I)
Virginia pine is a straggling, scrubby evergreen, 15-40 ft. tall, becoming flat-topped with age. Outstretched limbs spring irregularly from the reddish-brown trunk. Cones are sharp to the touch due to prickly-like appendages. Short-needled tree with open, broad, irregular crown of long spreading branches; often a shrub.
Used principally for pulpwood and lumber, it is hardier than most pines and suitable for planting in poor dry sites. Common in old fields as a pioneer after grasses on hills of the Piedmont, growing rapidly and forming thickets. Later this pine is replaced by taller, more valuable hardwoods.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Tree Leaf Complexity: Simple Leaf Shape:
Reddish brown Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Time: Apr
, WV Native Distribution:
Long Island to PA
& s. IN,
s. to GA
& n.e. MS Native Habitat:
Areas of poor, light soil in mountains and old fields
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low
Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Moist
CaCO3 Tolerance: Low
Soil Description: Poor, well-drained soils.
Conditions Comments: The species is valuable as cover for dry, barren sites. It dislikes shallow, chalky soils and is not tolerant of over-topping by other trees.
BenefitUse Wildlife: Seeds are an important wildlife food.
PropagationDescription: Propagate by seed.
Seed Collection: Not Available
Seed Treatment: Pretreatment is usually not necessary, but germination of pine seeds exhibiting dormancy can be hastened by cold stratification.
Commercially Avail: yes
Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)
is a larval host and/or nectar source for:
Record Last Modified: 2013-09-05
Research By: TWC Staff