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Pinus strobiformis Engelm.
Limber pine, Southwestern white pine
Synonym(s): Pinus ayacahuite, Pinus flexilis var. reflexa, Pinus reflexa
USDA Symbol: pist3
USDA Native Status: L48 (N)
Southwestern white pine grows to 80 ft. in height and can attain a trunk diameter of over 3 ft. Slender branches form a broad, rounded crown. Bark on young trees is smooth and whitish-gray; as the tree matures the bark becomes dark brown and deeply furrowed. Needles, from 2-5 in. long, are blue-green.
The large seeds are consumed by wildlife and were eaten by southwestern Indians. This species of the Mexican border region was formerly considered a southern variety of Limber Pine, which has a broader, more northern distribution, is smaller, and has smooth-edged needles with white lines on all surfaces and shorter cones with thick, rounded, blunt-pointed cone-scales.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Tree Leaf Complexity: Simple Leaf Shape:
Linear Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Time: Jun
, TX Native Distribution:
Mts. of Trans-Pecos, TX
& c. Mex. Native Habitat:
High elevation, Canyons, Hillsides, Slopes. Mountain canyons; 7000 to 10,000 ft.
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low
Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Dry
Soil Description: Rocky soils. Limestone-based, Sandy, Sandy Loam, Medium Loam, Clay Loam, Clay
Conditions Comments: Not Available
Record Last Modified: 2007-01-01
Research By: TWC Staff